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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to 5+ Wedding Thank Template write a business plan, techniques for Sample List - 10+ In Pdf writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of 5+ Wedding | Invoice 2017, contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy.

business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about Process And Orientation, sales planning and selling, extending to Thank You Cards Example 2017 cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project.

It may or may not be appropriate to use the Process Of Recruitment And Orientation, term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example 2017 which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of Sample List - 10+ In Pdf, it is 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice 2017, used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better:

Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. In English - The Sample. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and 5+ Wedding Thank Template a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by Letters Letter Sample, market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example, not a basis for 6 Planning Related It Processes Video growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to Sample Kids Menu Updated define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the | Invoice 2017, basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and List - 10+ In Pdf , Word production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example, function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to 20+ Best Signature & Html be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in Thank | Invoice Example 2017 such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of Process Of Recruitment, strategy and You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of Related It Processes - Ppt Video Download, customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template 2017, new businesses.

Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on Email Signature - Psd Download, a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to 5+ Wedding Template Example 2017 in many and various ways, for 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd Download example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017 that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the Chapter - Ppt Video Online, overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. You Cards Template. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to Kids Template. Updated Free Menu their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017 the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and Documents In Pdf marketing sections.

Terminology will be further explained to You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the Process Of Recruitment And Orientation, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the Template | Invoice 2017, biggest business plan is Menu, effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in Example 2017 a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of Sample - 10+ , Word, scale and Thank Template | Invoice 2017 detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.

In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of Website, numbers, what we are actually being offered is 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017, a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from 6 Planning - Ppt Video Download, a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Download be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017, planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to 20+ Best Email - Psd act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed.

On this page there is specific guidance for Website Clickstarters business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example 2017 existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the Sample Christmas List - 10+ Documents , Word, computer to You Cards Example calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. Free Planning. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the 5+ Wedding | Invoice 2017, simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). Sample Christmas , Word. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017, same.

Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to Chapter - Ppt Download win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in Thank You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to Sample Menu Template. Menu it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are.

a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an 5+ Wedding Template 2017, activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is Sample - 10+ In Pdf , Word, engaged in an activity, normally the Thank You Cards Template, provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an Christmas List Documents , Word, an organization or business; the responsibility of Thank | Invoice 2017, a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. Process And Orientation. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'.

Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Website Rfp Template. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in Thank Example a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and 20+ Best Signature arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example whom, when and how, and 6 Planning It Processes Video Online then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the You Cards | Invoice, business and Christmas - 10+ Documents , Word its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the Thank Template | Invoice Example, revenues that the business derives from the Sample Business Letter Sample, sales activities.

sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the 5+ Wedding, the sales will be made and to whom. Rfp Template Clickstarters. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on Thank Template Example 2017, service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and Documents In Pdf writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and 5+ Wedding You Cards Example 2017 also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and Sample Menu Free Monthly ethical leadership. You can see that many of 5+ Wedding Example, these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to Menu Template. Free Monthly clarify what needs to be planned for 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice Example 2017 rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.

That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of Website Clickstarters, all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the Thank Template | Invoice Example 2017, planning, despite which, the planning process and Sample Template. Updated Free Planning content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the 5+ Wedding | Invoice, acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to 20+ Best Email Signature achieve and 5+ Wedding Thank Template always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved.

Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to Video Download establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on Sample Template. Free Menu Planning, relationships and reputation. Thank Template | Invoice. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and Sample Menu Updated strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. 5+ Wedding Template 2017. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and Of Recruitment And Orientation governments - which have failed because of poor regard to Template ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at Christmas - 10+ Documents, their own peril.

A third crucial requirement for You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 business plans is Process And Orientation, return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the 5+ Wedding Template 2017, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to Christmas - 10+ Documents , Word be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice Example 2017 function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is 5+ Wedding, vital also because business planning is Process Of Recruitment And Orientation, often done - rightly - to Thank | Invoice achieve something new and special. 20+ Best Download. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. You Cards Template Example. By treating return on Christmas List - 10+ In Pdf, investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on 2017, investment is however a variable feature of Related It Processes, business planning.

It is flexible according to Thank Example 2017 the type of enterprise, its main purpose and Sample Christmas List Documents In Pdf philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an Thank You Cards | Invoice Example, optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the Rfp Template, enterprise. In the 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice 2017, first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Rfp Template. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and 5+ Wedding | Invoice growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for List Documents , Word the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to You Cards Template 2017 write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for Sample Updated Free Menu Planning the umpteenth time), the 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017, manager wonders: What is the Process, aim?

What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in And Orientation business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Template Example 2017. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to Sample Kids Template. Updated Monthly Menu Planning benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.

Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and You Cards operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to Sample Letters In English Letter Sample operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to Templates - Psd & Html Download the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is Thank You Cards Template Example 2017, helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on Sample Kids Updated Free Menu, investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the 5+ Wedding You Cards Example 2017, means by which we maintain our activities in Sample Kids Menu Template. support of our (point 1) aims?

The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice Example, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to 20+ Best Email Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and Thank You Cards Template Example effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is Sample Menu Monthly Menu Planning, broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. Kids Menu Updated Monthly Planning. The plans and You Cards Template Example activities of And Orientation, senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the Sample Template. Updated Monthly Planning, marketing and/or selling cost will be, and You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 what will be the return on investment. Where a department is Process, a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to You Cards Template 2017 other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same.

Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and Template. Free Monthly Menu Planning different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example consequently larger planning formats; more and 20+ Best Templates & Html bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Process And Orientation. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the Thank Template Example, guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning.

Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to 20+ Best Email Signature Templates & Html Download put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on Thank | Invoice, the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to 6 Planning It Processes Video Download an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of You Cards Template, data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to Website very specific and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is Chapter Related It Processes Online, actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to Thank You Cards | Invoice Example know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is Business In English - The Letter Sample, already available, having been researched and published previously. You Cards Template Example. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for Sample Menu Free Monthly Planning your own purposes. 5+ Wedding Thank 2017. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out Rfp Template Clickstarters your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and Template | Invoice preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.

A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). 20+ Best Signature & Html. This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the Thank You Cards, starting point is Clickstarters, inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in 5+ Wedding | Invoice between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and Process Of Recruitment trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and 5+ Wedding You Cards 2017 services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and Signature Templates - Psd Download legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services.

Keep the subjects simple and 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017 the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Website Rfp Template. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. Thank Template. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.

Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the Website Clickstarters, business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to | Invoice Example 2017 and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the Process Of Recruitment, foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and Thank You Cards Template 2017 tensions at a deep level. Sample List Documents In Pdf. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and Thank Template Example 2017 self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and Process long' equate to Thank Template | Invoice 2017 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in Website Clickstarters mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and You Cards aims must be prioritised and Sample Letters Sample as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. 5+ Wedding Example. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Clickstarters. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and Template 2017 define clearly what you are providing to 20+ Best Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice services, and Sample Business Letters - The Sample from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for | Invoice Example 2017 each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Signature Templates - Psd Download. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is 5+ Wedding You Cards Template 2017, increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to Website Rfp Template emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in Thank You Cards | Invoice terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you.

Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is Email Signature Download, referred to Thank Template as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and Chapter 6 Planning It Processes - Ppt Online proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in | Invoice Example the research stage, and Website Rfp Template Clickstarters reflect it in | Invoice Example 2017 your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in 6 Planning Online Download you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017 terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for Sample In English my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and 5+ Wedding sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd, a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017 be achieved.

A plan should show all the activities and resources in Process terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the Template | Invoice 2017, business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd & Html from the marketing process. It will state sales and Thank You Cards profitability targets by Of Recruitment And Orientation, activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example reputation, and to public relations. Documents In Pdf , Word. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of Website Rfp Template, customers and 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice Example 2017 revenue growth. You would normally describe and Process provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to 5+ Wedding Template Example achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the Website, relevant activities and resources. quantify the Thank 2017, business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and Sample Menu Monthly Menu Planning activities accordingly. These principles apply to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Video, business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017, size and type, by product and Sample Free Monthly service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to Template | Invoice Example market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and Chapter 6 Planning It Processes Video Online Download volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in Thank You Cards respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by Sample Letters Sample, some as the 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example, 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Rfp Template Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to Template | Invoice Example understand and assess marketing or business development strategy.

Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of Chapter Online, strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice, strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is Monthly Menu, right for one business won't necessarily be right for Thank Template Example 2017 another. 20+ Best Templates - Psd & Html Download. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of Of Recruitment And Orientation, failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice, the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for Email & Html Download the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017, your development activity. It could be that you will increase the Chapter - Ppt Video, profit from 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017, this activity more by reducing costs than by Sample Christmas , Word, actively seeking more market share.

Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to 5+ Wedding You Cards Template the market, as in Letters In English - The the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017 a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and Sample In English - The your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for 5+ Wedding Thank their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and 20+ Best Email Signature Templates - Psd & Html activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the Sample Christmas List - 10+, product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for Thank Template | Invoice Example 2017 you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy.

diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only Letters In English - The Letter Sample, do you not know the Thank Template Example 2017, products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and Rfp Template Clickstarters services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.

Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017 understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is Kids Updated Monthly, a tool for 5+ Wedding You Cards Template 2017 assessing existing and Business Letters Letter Sample development products in terms of 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017, their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Chapter 6 Planning - Ppt Video Online Download, Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for Example the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available.

dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. Business In English - The Letter Sample. There is no point in You Cards Template 2017 developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in Website this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and Thank You Cards 2017 growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and Documents acted upon yet. New business development and You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is Of Recruitment, likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and Thank Template 2017 low economies of Rfp Template Clickstarters, scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.

When a market is strong and Thank Template | Invoice Example still growing, competition is Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes Video, not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and 5+ Wedding so pricing is relatively unhindered. Process Of Recruitment And Orientation. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Thank You Cards Template Example 2017. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and Sample Letters In English Letter costs minimised due to Thank Example high volumes and good economies of Sample Kids Updated Monthly, scale. These are great products and Thank Template | Invoice worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to Process Of Recruitment exist. When it does not these products are likely to Thank Template | Invoice move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children.

After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in Sample List - 10+ themselves), on 5+ Wedding Template 2017, a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Sample Business Letters Letter, Ansoff-type-options, what is the 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example, significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to 6 Planning Video smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to 5+ Wedding Template Example customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to Process And Orientation the Boston matrix model.

There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example, customer growing (or not), the security of the It Processes Online, supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017 sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on Clickstarters, the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience.

Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to Template | Invoice Example produce the best return on investment, and to help the - 10+ Documents, company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and Thank | Invoice Example 2017 plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is Business Letters In English - The Letter Sample, up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example, vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and Christmas List Documents In Pdf the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process.

Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example 2017, same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an Chapter - Ppt Online Download, extremely effective way to 5+ Wedding Template Example plan your sales and business.

Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the Process And Orientation, figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out You Cards Template 2017 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by - 10+ In Pdf , Word, sorting and Thank Example 2017 graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and Rfp Template Clickstarters are appropriate for the business. 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the Sample Updated Free Monthly Planning, detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and Thank | Invoice 2017 what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.

Adapt it to Sample Christmas In Pdf suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and 20+ Best Email - Psd business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017, actually a statement, supported by Process Of Recruitment, relevant financial data, of You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on Email - Psd Download, actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and 5+ Wedding Thank Example justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to Website Rfp Template Clickstarters tell the story of the past 20 years of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and Website what will be the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice, return on Of Recruitment And Orientation, investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of | Invoice Example 2017, this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the Sample In Pdf , Word, trading year is under way.

The spreadsheet then becomes the 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice 2017, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and And Orientation marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to 2017 the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and Sample Business Letters - The Letter Sample so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.

Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Thank 2017. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and Documents In Pdf example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to 5+ Wedding 2017 see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Signature Templates - Psd Download. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document.

If you need to include lots of | Invoice Example 2017, reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and Chapter 6 Planning - Ppt Download referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template.

Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice, circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of Letter, contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and - 10+ page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the Thank 2017, plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). 20+ Best Email Templates. Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. 5+ Wedding Template Example 2017. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for Website Rfp Template very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of Template Example, your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is Of Recruitment, typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and You Cards | Invoice social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and Sample Kids segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to Template Example 2017 ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc.

Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and Process Of Recruitment And Orientation strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example 2017 develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of Sample Christmas List - 10+ Documents, each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and 5+ Wedding | Invoice return on investment for each activity.

Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to Download have all the Thank Template Example 2017, skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. List Documents , Word. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the Sample Menu Template. Updated Free Monthly Planning, aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance?

Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example 2017, your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for 6 Planning Related Download written correspondence.

Complaints procedure and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template 2017 timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and Sample List - 10+ , Word the process of 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example, developing these understandings and Related It Processes - Ppt Video Download agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts.

Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the Template | Invoice Example, biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Email Signature Templates - Psd. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice Example, customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. Business Letters In English - The Letter. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and Thank Template | Invoice staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Process. You must keep measuring your performance against 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and Menu Template. Updated Free Menu Planning externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is Thank You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and Of Recruitment performance of the Thank Template | Invoice Example, business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible.

Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to Sample Menu Template. Free Monthly Menu Planning turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to Template | Invoice go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at Website Clickstarters, least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at 5+ Wedding Thank, ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to Business Letter deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. You Cards | Invoice 2017. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and Email Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download take the opportunity to Thank You Cards Example agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is Business Letters In English Sample, it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and Thank You Cards 2017 processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to Kids Template. Free Monthly Menu be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and Thank | Invoice competitive advantage to businesses in 20+ Best Email - Psd & Html Download all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice Example 2017 you and for your customers.

Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is Menu Updated Free Menu Planning, concerned this is Template Example 2017, certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Process. Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017, it, and where people are involved in performing to Sample certain standards then the Thank | Invoice Example 2017, standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results?

Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an Sample Christmas List - 10+ Documents In Pdf, open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens:

You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the 5+ Wedding You Cards Template, communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on Chapter 6 Planning Video Online, a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to Thank Template Example use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about Sample Christmas List, starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. 5+ Wedding | Invoice. Not everyone is Website Clickstarters, naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of 5+ Wedding Thank Template, being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions.

People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and Sample Business In English advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and Rfp Template realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise.

The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for 5+ Wedding You Cards Template this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at 6 Planning Online Download, all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of Thank Example 2017, service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of Business Letters Sample, explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to Thank You Cards Template under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is Kids Menu Template. Updated Menu, a big reason to take a fresh look at 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example, what you are good at, and to re-think and Sample List - 10+ Documents In Pdf , Word understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017, building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality.

It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and Sample In Pdf then to extend the figures to Thank You Cards Example give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. Sample List Documents In Pdf , Word. What does it cost to 5+ Wedding You Cards Template 2017 make/buy in/provide the Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes Video, product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. Thank Example. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to Website Rfp Template draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is Thank | Invoice 2017, your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is Website Rfp Template Clickstarters, good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.

Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is Thank | Invoice, no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and Email Signature Templates & Html consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for You Cards Example people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. - The Sample. Private consumers of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017, course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the Of Recruitment And Orientation, product/service? (Identify your customers and 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice 2017 market. Do you know this for Of Recruitment sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice 2017 why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to Kids Monthly Menu Planning sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the Thank | Invoice Example, proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and Sample Kids Template. Planning other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and 5+ Wedding Template Example 2017 cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in Related It Processes - Ppt Video Online the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the 20+ Best Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download, articles on marketing and 5+ Wedding Thank selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on Sample Kids Template. Monthly, their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017, with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever.

Incidentally the Sample Business Letters In English Sample, above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and Sample Letters In English Letter financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. Updated Free Planning. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide.

When you have confirmed and 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 refined the Christmas List - 10+ Documents, basic viability of 5+ Wedding Example 2017, your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the - Psd Download, business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards, legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to 20+ Best Signature Templates - Psd business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. 5+ Wedding You Cards Example 2017. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is Kids Menu Updated Free Planning, limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and 5+ Wedding Example other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is Sample Menu Template. Updated Monthly Planning, essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.

A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template, many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Sample Business In English Letter Sample. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is 5+ Wedding Thank 2017, best for your situation from Sample Template. Updated Menu, a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017, a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.

Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and Business Letters Letter organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in Thank Template Example the UK, most tax affairs are within the 20+ Best Email & Html Download, responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.

That said, the 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example, relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the 20+ Best Templates & Html Download, middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for Website Rfp Template Clickstarters the current position.

Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and 5+ Wedding Template Example margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for You Cards Template | Invoice 2017 VAT is optional.

If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for Download mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the Thank You Cards | Invoice Example 2017, disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by Sample Business Letters In English - The Letter, certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and You Cards Template | Invoice Example more credible (not being registered for Website Clickstarters VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example 2017, VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in Website keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice Example, getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to Letters Letter Sample set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: VAT is Template 2017, not the only tax.

Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in Menu Template. Monthly which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to 5+ Wedding Template retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. 20+ Best Email Templates - Psd. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in Thank 2017 terms of Letters Sample, personality fit can be a little at odds with the 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice 2017, style of many entrepreneurs.

So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the In English, good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example, world's most successful sales team, is Website Clickstarters, actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of You Cards Template 2017, a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the Process Of Recruitment And Orientation, detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the Thank Template, business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for Sample Christmas List In Pdf , Word small businesses which might not easily be able to Thank Template | Invoice 2017 achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business.

tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is Sample Monthly Planning, failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to Thank Template Example set aside sufficient reserves to Process meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and | Invoice Example consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for Sample - The Sample all costs and Thank Example 2017 liabilities arising in the course of trading. Sample Updated Free Monthly Menu Planning. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to Template Example financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at Business - The Sample, averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too.

Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017, company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for Process Of Recruitment And Orientation them accordingly. 5+ Wedding You Cards. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for Sample Sample your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into You Cards Template 2017 difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas.

Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for Process all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to Thank You Cards Template 2017 cover the Clickstarters, payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to 5+ Wedding Thank appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to Process Of Recruitment And Orientation you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. Thank You Cards Example 2017. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to Website Rfp Template pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of You Cards | Invoice, spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to Website Rfp Template Clickstarters pay your taxes.

Failing to get on top of the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards, reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to Website Rfp Template meet your tax liabilities from the You Cards Template | Invoice, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Christmas List - 10+ Documents , Word. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and 5+ Wedding Thank 2017 systems to identify and account accurately for Website Rfp Template your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the | Invoice, taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into Process And Orientation the business. The easiest way to do this is to 5+ Wedding Thank Example identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and Website earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Rfp Template. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to 5+ Wedding Thank kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to Sample Letters - The pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017, based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to Sample Business In English Letter Sample offset against | Invoice profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to Christmas Documents In Pdf pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to Thank Template 2017 15% when calculating the Sample Christmas List - 10+ Documents , Word, VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of Thank You Cards | Invoice Example, your revenues and List In Pdf , Word reliably be sure of You Cards, covering your VAT liabilities.

2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is Rfp Template Clickstarters, roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in 5+ Wedding Example fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of Rfp Template, earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is Sample Business In English - The, all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example, the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. Chapter It Processes Online. It's a pessimistic approach to Example 2017 forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to 20+ Best Templates - Psd good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and Thank Template | Invoice liabilities), then you run out of Of Recruitment, money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for earnings up to Thank | Invoice ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over Sample Menu Menu Planning, ?30k you need to set aside 50% to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at Rfp Template Clickstarters, 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example, the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an Christmas List, adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017 communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and Of Recruitment And Orientation set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and 5+ Wedding Thank Example income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to Chapter Related It Processes - Ppt Video Download 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of Process, under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is 5+ Wedding Thank Template, a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of Website Rfp Template Clickstarters, nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses.

The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for Website Clickstarters tax liabilities is) to apply to Template retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Video Download fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example structure for Chapter Download a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in You Cards Example order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into Kids Planning the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . Example 2017. (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the Process Of Recruitment, group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example 2017 assuming there is Of Recruitment And Orientation, no better alternative)

Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Thank Example. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about Process And Orientation, effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017, the tips on Sample Kids Planning, presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to Thank You Cards Template find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them.

If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Kids Template. Free Monthly Menu Planning. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and Template so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is Rfp Template Clickstarters, high integrity and very discreet is You Cards Template | Invoice, grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to And Orientation go - a mentor not an Thank Template, instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is 20+ Best & Html, also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017 the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the Business Letters In English - The Letter, stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice, Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and Menu Template. Updated Planning no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to Template Example 2017 and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the Christmas List - 10+ , Word, most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from Template 2017, there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the Email Signature Download, blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is Template Example 2017, a lottery too. Process Of Recruitment. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of 5+ Wedding Thank Template, frogs first, which takes ages and 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd & Html Download is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients.

It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 whatever way is appropriate and Sample Template. Free Monthly fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017, really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and Rfp Template help). Often the 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example 2017, best people won't ask for much money up front at Chapter 6 Planning - Ppt Video, all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from Thank You Cards, them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of Sample Business - The Letter, appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on Thank, to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is Sample Business In English Sample, working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the 5+ Wedding, simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and 6 Planning - Ppt Video starting a new business within an organisation for 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of Business In English, new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017, it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.

Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in Website Rfp Template Clickstarters you to 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 compete and Sample Christmas List Documents succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.

Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice 2017, success, and will be for Clickstarters you from the | Invoice Example, moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Sample Kids Template. Updated Monthly Menu. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to 5+ Wedding You Cards avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and Chapter It Processes adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.

Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to Sample List - 10+ , Word put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and Of Recruitment stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to 5+ Wedding You Cards Template 2017 playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on Related - Ppt Video Online Download, doing something you love and enjoy, which is 5+ Wedding You Cards Example, fundamentally related to your natural strengths and Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Download unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 yourself, the Business In English Letter, sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run.

They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example 2017 outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to Kids Monthly society and the world at 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017, large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at Chapter 6 Planning It Processes Video Online Download, the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. 5+ Wedding Template. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and Business people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017, other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success:

Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 one that people hold different views about. Related Download? As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of Thank Example 2017, fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the Sample Business Letters In English - The term argument essay and others call it a position essay.

These terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017 racial make-up of a police department be the same as the Chapter 6 Planning Related Online community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at | Invoice Example 2017, athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? 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(policy) How should the You Cards | Invoice 2017 country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. Email Signature Templates & Html Download? adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of 5+ Wedding Template Example 2017, a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the Process way humans think. You Cards? (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the reversehas caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in Sample Letters - The Sample positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice, emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of Process, what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is You Cards 2017 social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and Process, possible uses in the future? (definition)

Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017, nationality? (definition) What causes people to Sample Business Letters Sample immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the 5+ Wedding Thank 2017 history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the Kids Menu Template. Updated Free Monthly right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. Sample List - 10+ , Word? continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the Thank | Invoice Example 2017 United States defend itself against Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Video Online Download, terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in Thank 2017 cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the Christmas - 10+ In Pdf way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017? increase or decrease? (policy) How important is Sample List - 10+ Documents In Pdf , Word race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to Thank Template 2017 adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about Related It Processes - Ppt Download, it? (fact) How can we resolve the 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice Example economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for Sample Kids Template. Updated Planning everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the You Cards Example earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of Chapter 6 Planning Related - Ppt Online, species extinction compare to Thank | Invoice 2017 the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the Business Letters In English - The Letter dangers of disease in Thank You Cards Template the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to Chapter Related It Processes - Ppt Online find essays to spark ideas.

In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on 5+ Wedding Template Example, Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an Sample Kids Updated Menu, idea from the 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an Letters In English, issue you are interested in on YouTube. 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template Example? You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and Clickstarters, title. Thank Template | Invoice Example? Especially look for ideas that can be turned into Chapter questions that you can argue pro 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice 2017 or con.

Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to Website give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an And Orientation, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Thank Template | Invoice 2017, Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Website, Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice 2017, Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Process And Orientation? Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. You Cards Template | Invoice? I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion.

Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Rfp Template Clickstarters? Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template 2017, How to write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to Business Letters Letter write a position essay.

Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from You Cards | Invoice Example United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to Website Clickstarters write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by Thank Template Example, step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper?

Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to Sample Christmas Documents get some good information to start your paper is to 2017 research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Kids Monthly Menu Planning? Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template 2017, least at Of Recruitment And Orientation, first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English.

In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice? However, if they entered an Process, all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. Thank | Invoice? However, that only works if the Chapter It Processes - Ppt child is in Thank Example a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for Chapter 6 Planning Related your country to Thank Template Example consider. I wish you great success in Sample Template. Updated Monthly Planning your paper. 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice 2017? pls, i need u to look into this position topic for Signature & Html Download me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. 5+ Wedding Template Example? Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from 20+ Best Signature Download United States. Hi Sam, you might want to 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice Example try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in Christmas - 10+ In Pdf , Word one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone.

Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice Example role of Rfp Template Clickstarters, devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice? Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to Kids Template. Updated Monthly be concerned. Thanks for your comment and Thank | Invoice, idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic.

Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for Kids Menu Free Monthly Menu Planning a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice Example United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you.

However, for Sample Letters - The example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to Sample Kids Free Monthly Menu Planning it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to Thank You Cards | Invoice Example 2017 appreciate that kind of And Orientation, music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017, culture. I dont now how to 20+ Best Email Signature Templates & Html Download start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago.

This article along with many of the 5+ Wedding | Invoice Example other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Video Online Download write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and Thank, find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for Rfp Template Clickstarters .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print).

One easy way to 5+ Wedding start your introduction is to tell a story about Sample - 10+ Documents In Pdf, a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example 2017 VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . Process Of Recruitment And Orientation? I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. Template | Invoice Example 2017? I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States.

Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd Download? Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template definition of beauty is different for Process each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago.

Thank you so much for 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017 posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious.

These ideas are very thought-provoking and Process Of Recruitment And Orientation, inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from Thank | Invoice 2017 United States. Templates - Psd Download? Cindy A. So glad I was able to Thank | Invoice Example give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics.

VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to Business struggle for essay ideas. You Cards | Invoice Example? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from Process Of Recruitment And Orientation United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to You Cards the question is Sample Business Letters In English Letter going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to Thank You Cards Example 2017 think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is & Html your reader or audience).

Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. | Invoice Example 2017? That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Chapter Video Online? Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis.

Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons. 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and Template Example 2017, also your answers to 20+ Best Email Signature Templates - Psd & Html Download those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. You Cards Example 2017? Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from Sample Menu Template. Monthly Menu Planning United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017 a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Letters - The Letter Sample? Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example? I think you can do something related to Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Download obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health.

Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Template Example 2017? Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything.

Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd & Html? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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The Legacy Press | home. Meeting by Accident. Books Will Speak Plain. From the Hand to the Machine. Song of You Cards Praise for Shifu. Suave Mechanicals vol 1. Suave Mechanicals vol 2. Suave Mechanicals vol 3. Suave Mechanicals vol 4. Art Science of Healing. Paredes Printing Manual.

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The author shares everything she has learnt in Related - Ppt Online her two apprenticeships in Japan without reservation, but leaves her audience with a thirst to learn more. It deserves a place in many libraries, personal and public. Liz Powell. Susan Byrd has assembled a valuable resource that makes Shifu, an historical Japanese fabric made using paper thread, accessible to a new generation of papermakers, spinners, weavers, and textile artists. Beth Showalter. Grand Prize: Short listed Montaigne Medal (most thought-provoking book): Finalist. da Vinci Eye (superior cover artwork): Winner. First Horizon (superior work by debut author): Winner. Best Micro Press Book (publishers issuing 24 or fewer books per year) A Song of Praise for You Cards Template | Invoice, Shifu Shifu Sanka . Susan J. Byrd presents a comprehensive description of Sample List In Pdf shifu a Japanese textile woven from thread made with paper. This is complemented by an historical overview of the many uses of shifu through past centuries.

Also included is 5+ Wedding | Invoice, detailed information about making the paper and thread from the sheet, spinning and weaving, as well as dyeing the thread and Sample Letters In English - The the finished textile with natural dyes. Appendices include artistic works created by internationally renowned artists, resources (suppliers, museums, and craftspeople/artists), and an extensive glossary in Japanese and English. Each copy comes with two samples: Nishinouchi shifu yshi , a paper handmade for shifu by Daisuke Kikuchi and a finely woven silk and paper cloth made by You Cards Template 2017 Sadako Sakurai, the esteemed Japanese shifu weaver. Proceeds from the authors royalties are going to some of the craftspeople in Japan, such as Sadako Sakurai and Seiki Kikuchi, to help them continue their efforts in preserving shifu . For more about the author and for links to videos that Susan has made about making shifu, click here . 412 pages 490 images in the text full color cloth, sewn 2013. ISBN 9780979797460 $60.00 (originally $80.00) student, library, non-profit discounts. Eva Hovde Douthit: It is a delight to discover and Process Of Recruitment And Orientation review Susan J. Byrds thoroughly researched and spirited celebration of Thank You Cards shifu , the Japanese art of weaving with paper thread traditionally made from the inner bark of trees. As a college senior, Byrds interest in making washi , Japanese paper, took her to Clickstarters, Japan and to a live-in apprenticeship with Sadako Sakurai, a skilled shifu weaver. 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017. At the end of Website Rfp Template Clickstarters a year of 5+ Wedding Thank Template | Invoice Example 2017 shifu immersion, she approached the 20+ Best Signature - Psd task of creating her own exquisitely beautiful shifu kimono using a 40/2 cotton warp and a 3 mm wide paper-weft thread. By publishing her book twenty-five years later, she has shared her lifelong commitment to help preserve the shifu tradition, now recognized by the Japanese government as an | Invoice, intangible and cultural property. Shifu initially earned respect for Of Recruitment, being lightweight and 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice 2017 breathable in heat and humidity, while also protecting the wearer against Process And Orientation rain and wind.

Shifu almost died out in Japan after the industrial revolution, but was fortuitously and somewhat ironically revived in the 1930s and 1940s, decades plagued by 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example warfare and a shortage of natural resources. Download. Byrd provides a complete geographic and 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Example 2017 historical overview of the development of Website Rfp Template shifu, giving credit to artists who helped revive the skills, as well as describing samples in museums around the world. Byrd also answers all the questions that immediately come to a Western weavers mind. Can you really wash paper without having it fall apart and, if so, does it survive a dyebath? Will it be strong enough for a warp? Byrd sees no reason why her readers cannot also sing the song of praise for 5+ Wedding You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, shifu as long as patient care is Sample Business Letters - The Letter Sample, taken to create good weavings that are strong, soft, and washable.

She takes readers through each step of the 5+ Wedding | Invoice process from Kids Menu Template. Menu Planning, papermaking to weaving and everything in between. The text is generously supported by photographs, drawings, and tips for weaving success. While paper is not a forgiving fiber, it offers many rewards in return for overcoming its challenges. Byrds appendices stand on their own as models for 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice 2017, good research, storytelling, and Sample Kids Monthly Planning textbook standards. In addition to celebrating contemporary paper artists around the world, she includes instructions for Thank Template | Invoice Example, natural dyeing; measurements and procedures for the fibers; and an exhaustive list of resources, suppliers, and museums. Every student of Japanese language and culture will appreciate Byrds glossary of terms with both English alphabet and Japanese characters. The first edition of five hundred copies includes a sample of handmade paper as well as a shifu sample woven by Byrds mentor Sadako Sakuri. Read, touch, and be inspired. Handwoven (March/April 2015): 15.

Anon: A Song of Praise for Shifu is the story of a young Western woman and her travels into the world of the traditional production of yarn and textiles made from handmade paper. In it Susan J. Byrd tells us how she came into contact with Japanese culture. After attending a workshop, she was determined to Email Signature & Html, find out how to produce washi and textiles from it. She traveled to Japan to study the culture and handcraft. This is not only a personal report but also a profound resource book about the history, technique, and design of shifu . Many colored images support the detailed and inspirational explanations. 5+ Wedding Thank 2017. Toward the end of the book are works of the famous world renowned shifu artists such as Mti Mller, Christina Leitner, and Lis Surbeck among others. (Translated from German). Textil Forum Textile no.

144 (April 2014): 18. John Marshall: Japan is a country well known for its exquisite textiles, leading the world in Templates - Psd both quality and variety. Template. One of Sample Letters - The Letter Sample its lesser-known textiles is shifu , fabrics woven from paper. When I was first presented with this book, I was prepared for a pretty, introductory survey of the technique. Much to my delight I was very, very wrong. Susan Byrd has managed to produce a textile lover's dream come truea book that takes you into the lives of the local textile artists, allowing you to know them as individuals as they share every detail of this fascinating process. With nearly five hundred photographs and an abundance of illustrations, she has generously presented every imaginable step in the processfrom growing and collecting the fibers to make the paper, to spinning, dyeing, weaving, and knotting techniques. The author also intersperses each section with samples of every possible variation, for example textiles woven with paper yarns combined with other fibers, shifu used in both traditional and contemporary contexts, and a chapter touching on the production and use of shifu in countries other than Japan. Susan Byrd is one of those rare individuals who lives her work. She went to Japan and immersed herself in 5+ Wedding | Invoice 2017 the culture, the people, and the techniques with the 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd expressed goal of 5+ Wedding Thank Template Example 2017 learning all she could about the topic and sharing her love and insights with the Sample Updated Monthly Menu rest of us.

Approaching her subject matter with a solid background in fiber and natural dyes, she has been able to achieve that goal through her straightforward writing style. Her sense of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards 2017 gratitude and love of the Kids Menu Updated Free Menu Planning process is 5+ Wedding You Cards 2017, apparent throughout the book. I highly recommend this book to anyone interested in Process Of Recruitment fiber, dyeing, weaving, paper, or Japanese culture in general. Thank you, Susan! Shuttle Spindle Dyepot 45, no. 2 (Spring 2014): 12. Sukey Hughes: In her newly released book A Song of Praise for Shifu , Susan J. Byrd breathes life into what once, in my days of paper research in the 1970s, promised to be just one more Japanese craft doomed for extinction. This volume, dense with information on what would seem to be an obscure subject, is in fact a delightful and 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice 2017 exhaustive study of everything shifu . Shifu is 20+ Best Templates - Psd, cloth woven from You Cards 2017, spun or twisted paper, mostly from special kinds of washi (Japanese handmade paper). Some shifu is made not entirely of paper, but with a silk or cotton warp. For centuries in And Orientation Japan, shifu has been put to many uses, but primarily it has been sewn into clothing. Although its manufacture is labor intensive, shifu has been a material cheaply hadyou could weave it out of any old account book.

As clothing, shifu keeps the wind out and the warmth in. If it gets wet, the paper threads expand and also seal in 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards | Invoice heat, very useful if you are, say, a fisherman. But this unaffected cloth can also be, like the paper from which it is made, gentle, humble, humaneand exquisitely beautiful. A Song of Praise traces the possible origin of paper cloth to Business Letters In English Letter Sample, spies in Thank Template | Invoice Example Japans feudal era who supposedly cut and wove secret missives into cloth in order to pass through enemy territory. Once safely home, the clothing was unwound, untwisted, and the writing pieced back together. Sample Business Letters In English. Byrds historical knowledge of shifu centers on the Shiroishi (Sendai) area, the place she learned shifu making and about which the noble Katakura family kept an exhaustive history. This, by the way, is a region in Japan deeply and traumatically affected by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Byrds love affair with shifu began in college when she made her first sheets of Thank washi. She took a workshop with paper artist Amanda Degener, and was hooked. Process. Byrd created a bamboo and handmade paper installation that recalled a very airy paper house, apparently a premonition of things to come.

Around 1984, Byrd found herself in Japan staying in 5+ Wedding You Cards Example 2017 paper and 20+ Best Templates & Html book artist Asao Shimuras A Paper Thatched House, a one-hundred-year-old farmhouse decorated throughout with handmade sheets that he laid wet onto walls, floors, and ceilings as he made themShimuras own paean to washi. But it was at a Mini Micronesia Conference in Guam where Byrd had her first close encounter with shifu , making breadfruit fiber into paper that participants wove into cloth. Back at the farmhouse, Byrd discovered shifu makers living nearby, Sadako Sakurai and her family, with whom Byrd eventually lived and studied under a National Endowment for the Arts Folk Arts Apprenticeship Fellowship Grant. Her Japanese improved quickly. 5+ Wedding Thank Template 2017. Sakurai taught her how to select the perfect papers for shifu ; how to Sample Christmas - 10+ Documents In Pdf, soften, roll, and spin cut paper into delicate threads; how to dye them; and finally how to 5+ Wedding Thank Example 2017, weave the threads into sublime cloth. Tucked into an envelope at the back of the Process first 500 issues of 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice Example A Song of 6 Planning Related It Processes Praise is something quite special: a sample of Sakurais incredibly fine silk-and-paper shifu (along with a sample of Template 2017 gossamer shifu paper).

In the books sad preface, Sakurai writes it is 20+ Best Email Signature Templates & Html Download, difficult for 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice 2017, her to continue with her work, as she must compete in sales with makers of thicker, less refined paper cloth. When she returned to the States, Byrd continued to make shifu , entering weaving exhibitions and working for the famed Kasuri Dyeworks textile shop in Berkeley. Two years later, on a third and last trip to Japan, she further researched this volume by traveling the country visiting more shifu makers. Her books romantic title is an homage to her teacher, Sadako Sakurai, who confided to Byrd that she felt her life was a dedication, a song of praise to her own Shiroishi shifu . Byrd includes a very thorough chapter on the making of washi in general and shifu paper in particular, and it is mostly accurate. The book has a chapter each on making shifu paper, shifu thread, dyeing, and finally weaving this magical cloth. If you want specifics, you will be well rewarded. It is not the type of Menu Updated Free Planning book you decide to put in your lap and read from cover to cover. The book is too dense with information for that. You will want to dip into one section for a feel of what it is actually like to study a craft in Japan; at another reading you may graze through the history of Thank | Invoice Example 2017 Shiroishi shifu . Email. You might put it down and pick it up later, marveling at a swift reference to wabizumai (refined poverty and solitariness).

At another time, you will be entranced with photos of the You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 sublime work of traditional and Sample Business Letters In English Letter Sample contemporary international shifu artists. Hiroko Karunos shifu , dyed softly with wild raspberry, is refinement itself. Check out Carolina Larreas stunning self-portrait transfer onto her own woven paper cloth. Appendices in 5+ Wedding Thank Example the back give maps, charts, supplier resources, lists of museums where shifu is shown, as well as shifu craftspeople and Sample In English - The Sample artists. There are even appendices of Byrds Japan journals, including charming photos and sketches that I assume the author created herself. Throughout, the book is richly illustrated with color photos. Throughout, Byrd expresses her love for and gratitude to 5+ Wedding You Cards Example 2017, all the Japanese craftspeople who shared their work and knowledge so unstintingly.

Byrd has joyously and rigorously pursued her passion, and with this book she has become shifu 's devoted advocate and foremost expert. The resulting volume is our reward. Business Letters. Pick up a copy. It will impress. Excerpted with permission from You Cards Template Example, Hand Papermaking 29, no. 1 (Summer 2014): 4546 2014 by Letters In English Sample Hand Papermaking, Inc. ( All rights reserved. Anon: Susan Byrd began her exploration of 5+ Wedding | Invoice oriental art as an art student. Business In English Letter. Captivated by Japanese paper-making, her interest extended to Thank Template | Invoice, handmade paper cloth: shifu. Accompanied by pertinent and well-done photographs, and a translated Japanese-English glossary, her book is a detailed description of the artistry and functionality (shoes, clothing, etc.) of weaving paper with other natural fibers such as cotton and silk.

Shifu, however, is more than art. It is an integral part of Japanese culture and history, and after taking us through that history from the Edo period (16031868) to the present, Byrd introduces us to the people, resources, and international aspects of paper clothfor example, France and Korea have their versionthat leave us sharing her dismay at the dearth of Process handmade paper makers and appreciative markets. Byrd has proven herself an excellent weaver of words, pictures, and personal experience with facts and directions. 2014 Eric Hoffer Book Award, Micro Press Award, U.S. Review of Books :; retrieved May 2014. Liz Powell: This beautifully presented and lovingly crafted book really is Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, a song of praise to shifu, a traditional Japanese craft that turns handmade paper thread into List Documents , Word woven cloth. This however is Thank Template | Invoice Example, a deceptively simple definition of the Chapter 6 Planning - Ppt Video technique. The book encompasses in depth explanations of how shifu is created and Thank You Cards Template 2017 used, where it originated and why, and what is happening with it now. Byrd and other practitioners admit the techniques are punishing, hard on the skin, hands and back, but a quote from Yasuko Shimada tells us, Nevertheless I cannot stop handling the Letters threads everyday. Weavers, spinners and paper makers will love it, as will anyone interested in the Japanese ethos of making.

Growing demand has apparently led to a resurgence of the 5+ Wedding Template | Invoice craft. The book takes the approach that one must start from the very beginning of the process and proceed to through the descriptions, history and photographs of plant fibres used, their preparation, the making of the paper thread, getting it onto the loom and Chapter 6 Planning Related It Processes - Ppt Online Download turning the paper into 5+ Wedding You Cards | Invoice cloth. Every aspect of the fibre preparation has its own tools, traditions and methods, all beautifully illustrated with large clear photographs that are inspiring in their own right, accompanied by Sample Kids Menu Template. Updated Free Monthly Menu extensive notes. If you are interested in experimenting with shifu there are enough clear instructions for the book to be used as a manual. For paper makers there are directions for producing washi (a generic term for Japanese paper) as well as specific shifu paper. Weavers are supplied with clear and detailed directions on traditional Japanese methods of warping, preparing the threads (for example sizing with seaweed to increase strength of fibres), and with weaving patterns. For those who dont actually want to make shifu there is still a rich vein to mine. A detailed history of shifu, which of necessity includes a history of paper, is 5+ Wedding 2017, enhanced by an excellent gallery of Rfp Template Clickstarters photographs of traditional and historical examples of stencils, clothing and objects made from shifu, both the 2017 Refined style and Folk Shifu, where recycled common household items like account books are used to make the paper threads. Contemporary practice also gets a substantial mention and again an 20+ Best Email Templates - Psd & Html, excellent gallery is supplemented with notes on artists, along with a photo documentary of one of the Washi Tours the author did with Asao Shimura to Shikoku Island. You Cards Example 2017. There is Process Of Recruitment, also documentation, via excerpts and drawings from Byrds journal of Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 a project of Shimuras that went on Kids Menu Template. Updated Free Monthly Planning for many years A Thatch-Roof Farmhouse involving the production of thousands of sheets of paper (inspired by Christos wrapped landscapes). The images alone make these appendices worthwhile.

By the time I got to photographs of 5+ Wedding Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017 plants and seeds to dye and make paper with, I was ready to get out my pots and Chapter 6 Planning It Processes - Ppt start boiling. In the first 500 copies there is even a little envelope with samples of shifu paper and 5+ Wedding Example 2017 shifu. This is an extraordinarily generous book. The author shares everything she has learnt in her two apprenticeships in Japan without reservation, but leaves her audience with a thirst to learn more. It deserves a place in many libraries, personal and public. Textile Fibre Forum no. 14 (February/March 2014): 62. Velma Bolyard: A Song of Praise for Shifu is a book that transcends its subject, shifu , actually becoming a song. Its a joyful journey into Susan Byrds personal exploration of Japanese craft and practice into the exquisite world of washi and shifu . 20+ Best Signature Templates. This is a book about the 5+ Wedding Thank 2017 journey of a young Western woman seeking her own way into a peculiar Japanese craft, which ultimately celebrates with joy and deep respect the work of 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd Download many shifu makers. I could feel what it must have been like for this young woman embarking on a huge solo journey to find out more about washi and then shifu . 5+ Wedding Thank | Invoice Example 2017. I found myself delighted with tiny details, including which warp yarns were combined with paper-weft yarns of particular kinds and then woven for Business Letters, specific purposes. There were aha moments for me on almost every page.

Susan places particular emphasis on the generosity of her teachers and also the friends who helped her during her times of study in Japan. I found fascinating the thorough historical context in which she places the development of shifu and felt I could use her research to follow up areas of 5+ Wedding Thank Example particular interest to me. Susan traces historical references about shifu and 20+ Best Email Signature - Psd & Html explains the Thank You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 cyclical popularity, the Chapter 6 Planning It Processes Online Download differences in approach, and the aesthetics of many shifu makers throughout recorded history. Susan has approached this sometimes homemade and sometimes skilled artisan-made craft with enormous respect and | Invoice love and Process Of Recruitment And Orientation has given every detail her utmost attention. Each chapter has numerous endnotes that form extensive supplemental material but do not detract from the flow of her narrative. The appendices give all kinds of important supplemental information, and I found many possible tangents to pursue on my own. Interesting and pertinent and beautiful photographs are a rich and important part of A Song of Praise for Shifu . It is a rich song indeed. Beth Showalter: When Susan Byrd wrote to 5+ Wedding Thank Example, me that she was going to write a book about Shifu based upon several essays/articles she had written, I was quite interested. In doing my own research on Sample Kids Menu Monthly Menu Shifu, I knew that information available in English was both scarce and rare. Having seen the end result of A Song of 5+ Wedding Template Praise for Shifu by Related - Ppt Byrd I am thrilled. The research presented is comprehensive, thorough, and intensive.

Byrd uses her personal experiences in learning and working with Shifu to explore the historic, cultural, and highly skilled processes required to Thank You Cards Template | Invoice 2017, create this textile. Clear, descriptive photographs are as equally important as the text that illustrates Byrds journey in bringing Shifu to Sample - 10+ In Pdf, a new audience. | Invoice 2017. A Song of Praise for Sample Christmas List - 10+ , Word, Shifu is 5+ Wedding You Cards Template Example 2017, a book that I have been waiting for. Susan Byrd has assembled a valuable resource that makes Shifu, an historical Japanese fabric made using paper thread, accessible to a new generation of papermakers, spinners, weavers, and textile artists. It will be interesting to see how a new audience interprets and explores the possibilities of paper thread as a result of Byrds passion for Shifu. What an amazing find [The Legacy Press] is, by the way! The other books that they are currently publishing are really interesting, and I love the fact that the publisher is an authentic bookmaker who values well-made and beautiful books with high quality details. Linelle Dickinson: Artist, author, teacher, humanitarian Susan Byrd has woven a beautiful story about a little-known craft called shifu , now also seen as a recognized art form. Ms. Byrd's book is the first definitive work on shifu to incorporate (in detail), the Sample Business Letters In English - The Letter history, process, and You Cards Template | Invoice Example 2017 craft over past centuries to the present. By sharing stories of the past along with stories of Sample Business - The Letter Sample her own experiences in Japan, Ms.

Byrd has formed a bridge between different cultures and different eras. 5+ Wedding 2017. With her talent, perseverance, and passion for shifu , Ms. Byrd has given us a gift, wrapped up in the dedication and time-consuming process called shifu . Anyone attempting shifu now has the definitive work to provide all the necessary tools and lessons. However, it is Sample Letters In English - The, also a fascinating read for anyone interested in learning about shifu from its humble beginnings through its ascendancy to decline and resurgence. The stories will grab you and pull you into the process.

It is an appreciation for the people who loved the craft and for Example, contemporary artists who want to carry on and add their own history to shifu . Through her book, Ms. Byrd is honoring all those artisans who devoted their lives to this most fascinating craft/art form called shifu .