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patents resume This patent resulted from a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/788,557, filed Feb. Business Report.? 27, 2004 now abandoned; which is a continuation of U.S. Tire Conversion Chart? patent application Ser.
No. 10/437,650 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,718,345), filed May 13, 2003; which is a continuation of Business Report Example-Of-A U.S. patent application Ser. Sample? No. 10/121,247 (now U.S. Pat. Format Of A Report. Sample Report? No. 6,564,188), filed Apr. Report-Format By Vishal? 10, 2002; which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser.
No. Format Of A Business Report. Business? 09/054,339 (now U.S. Pat. No. For Career Change? 6,718,340), filed Apr. 2, 1998; which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/597,359 (now U.S. Pat. No. 5,758,324), filed Feb.
8, 1996; which in Of A Sample Business Example-Of-A, turn claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. 15, 1995; all of which are incorporated herein by reference. The invention relates to electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and methods.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Employers annually spend billions of dollars to Project Report-Format By Vishal solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those is resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for Of A Report. Sample Business job applicants. Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for 12 Best On Pinterest Management, each, and finally delivering them is burdensome and Format Of A Business Business Report Example-Of-A, time-consuming. The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of For Scholarship Pdf | resume collection and Business Report., handling. Tire Conversion? The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on the employer. Format Of A Report. Sample Business Report? Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets.
The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. From the above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management. Yet prior attempts to resolve some of these problems have achieved only Network Dinner And Dance, limited success. Document scanners have been used in Format Of A Business Business Report Example-Of-A, some attempts to reduce the physical space consumed by physical resumes. However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in For Scholarship Pdf |, some attempts to convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to review the format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is of value. Still other attempts have employed the aforementioned OCR conversion to allow the use of “keyword” search methods on the resulting text of Of A Business Report full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases. However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the Diamond Hispanic Network Mexicana And Dance, nature of written language.
As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation “IN”. The letter pair “in” appears frequently in Format Report. Sample Business Report, the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to do with the Diamond Hispanic Network Mexicana Dinner, searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with “keyword” search methods is the Format Of A Report. Sample Example-Of-A, requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and Tire Conversion Chart, phrases. Such wide variation causes “keyword” search methods to often erroneously exclude qualified applicants—without notification to the searcher—while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at applying computer technology to Format Business Sample Business Report resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and usefulness. For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or “headhunters.” Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from Business Appraisal 2 accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,164,897 to Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative.
The first sentence of the prior art section of this patent describes the prior art as applying to “employment agencies (sometimes called search firms).” The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by such agencies and firms—without direct applicant involvement of Format Business Sample Report any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for 12 Best Bsc Images On Pinterest | Change Human ongoing involvement. Such approaches can result in outdated information and questionable results. Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. The difficulty in learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately “trained.”
Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned “keyword” searches on Of A Business Report. Example-Of-A the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at incorporating computer-based searching methods is Report-Format By Vishal, seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). Of A Report. Sample? This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. Format Change? Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards—individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions. Third, employers are asked to Of A Report. Business Report Example-Of-A rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard. Format For Career? Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to each other, compounding assumptions upon assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results.
Another attempt at providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. Format? 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template. However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resumedata; no searching by fields is available. A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the 10+ Motivation Sample Musicre, resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. There is also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means. Of A Report. Business? Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resumetext. None have succeeded in addressing all of the Format Change, problems described above.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of Business Report resume images in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and For Scholarship Pdf | Musicre Sumed, apparatus for storing formatted summaries or “outlines” of resume images, and efficient searching and subsequent selection of the resume outlines and their associated resume images. One embodiment of the Format Report. Sample Business Report, invention provides a user interface for creating the Diamond, aforementioned resume outlines which is based on a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the training required to Sample Business effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the aforementioned stored resume outlines in Conversion, a manner which minimizes the Of A Business Report. Sample Business Report, need for specialized equipment and training. In one embodiment, such searches can be suspended, and resumed at a later time. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for enabling the automatic and continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for coordinating the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in Chart, the entry and searching of the Of A Report. Report, aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for Perfomance Appraisal the controlled expansion of the Of A Business Report Example-Of-A, terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry of and searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the “World Wide Web”, or other commercial “connectivity services”, for 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Sample Sumed applicant submission of Business Business outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images.
One embodiment of the Report-Format By Vishal, invention employs modern communications systems to Of A Business Report. Sample automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the Format Change, expiration of a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to Format Of A Report. reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems for Resume Change billing and payment for services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in Of A Business Report. Example-Of-A, the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is Bsc Images On Pinterest | Change Management, Human, a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a server included in the system shown in FIG. 1 . FIG. 3 is an example of Business Sample Example-Of-A a resume outline form sent from the server of Report-Format FIG. 2 to an applicant's client machine included in Of A Business Report, the system of FIG. 1 . FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of FIG. 12 Best On Pinterest Management, Human? 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1 . FIG. 5 is an example of Format Business Report. Example-Of-A a summary of a resume outline sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine in response to a search request.
FIG. 6 is an example of a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. FIG. Bsc Images | Change Management,? 7 is an Of A Sample Business Example-Of-A example of Pdf | Sumed a resume image stored by the server of FIG. 2 . FIGS. Format Business Business Report Example-Of-A? 8A , 8 B, 9 - 11 , 12 A, 12 B, and 13 define a flowchart of a process performed by the server of Report-Format FIG.
2 . in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. This disclosure of the Format Business Sample, invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws “to promote the progress of science and useful arts” (Article 1, Section 8). FIG. 1 shows a resumestorage and retrieval system 10 embodying the Project Report-Format, invention. The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14 , and a database 16 defined in Format Business Report. Example-Of-A, the memory 14 . The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX™ machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Bsc Images On Pinterest Management, Intel™ PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc.™ personal computer or clone, or Apple™, Macintosh™, or PowerPC™ personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). The server 12 includes typical components ( FIG. 2 ) such as a CPU or processor 18 , input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and Format Of A Business Sample, printer, RAM 20 , ROM 22 , serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24 , which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc.
In one embodiment, the By Vishal, communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to the Internet, so that the server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly, in one embodiment, the server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiment, the server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the Format Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, server is a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is 12 Best On Pinterest Management,, a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12 . The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28 . Various possible types of communication link can be employed for Format Report. Report the communication link 28 between the server 12 and Tire Chart, the applicant's client machine 26 . For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the Format Business Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A, preceding, or any other desired type of connection. Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the Project Report-Format By Vishal, server 12 at the same time. Business Report.? Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of Project Report-Format By Vishal communication links 28 . For example, one of the Format Of A Report. Business Report, communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is established, communications can 23 take place over the link using any of Project various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variations on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol.
During a session, the Format Of A Business Report. Report, server 12 communicates to Report-Format By Vishal the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 ( FIG. 3 ) to be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of Of A Report fields 31 relevant to employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by the applicant. The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on Manager traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32 , an optional information section 34 , a position desired section 36 , an education section 38 , and Format Of A Example-Of-A, an employment history section 40 . Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31 . For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39 , 41 , 42 , 44 , 46 , 48 , 50 , 52 , 54 , and 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58 , 60 , 62 and Bsc Images On Pinterest | Change Management, Human, 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and Of A Example-Of-A, 68 relating to security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74 , 76 , 78 , and 80 relating to Tire Size Conversion Chart the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82 , 84 , 86 , and 88 relating to compensation requirements, and Format Business Sample Example-Of-A, a field 90 relating to the date when the applicant will be available for Perfomance the new position; the education section 38 has fields 94 , 96 , 98 , 100 , 102 , 104 , 106 , and 108 relating to Business Report. Sample majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100 , 102 , 104 , 106 and 108 can be included for For Scholarship Sample multiple colleges attended); and the employment history section 40 has fields 110 , 111 , 112 , 114 , 116 , 118 , and 120 for employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and end date for that position (multiple copies of fields 110 , 111 , 112 , 114 , 116 , 118 , and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in Of A Sample Business Example-Of-A, place of the words shown in FIG. 3 adjacent the fields. For World Wide Web applications, the For Career Change, form 30 is an HTML form, and Business Sample Report, has “submit” and “clear” buttons 122 and Small Appraisal, 124 using which the Format Of A Business Report, applicant can either send the Tire Chart, information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and start over.
The form 30 further includes a “vocabulary assistance” button 146 , the function of Format Business Report Example-Of-A which is 10+ Motivation Letter Sample Musicre, discussed below. Upon receiving the form 30 , the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26 ) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32 . Format Business Sample Report? The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 ( FIG. 7 ) of the applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and Manager 2, margins of a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to employers wishing to gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. Of A Business Report. Business Example-Of-A? The graphics file can be, for example, in a file format identified by Project Report-Format, one of the following extensions: .GIF, .TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE), .BMP, .TGA, .EPS, .PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and font information of the Of A Business Report. Business Report Example-Of-A, original document. The applicant can create the graphics file in Bsc Images, any appropriate manner at a location 134 remote from the server 12 . For example, the Of A Business Business Report Example-Of-A, applicant can create the graphics file using a scanner 128 ( FIG. 1 ), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 ( FIG. 1 ) to fax his or her actual printed resume to 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Sample Pdf | Musicre a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the Of A Business Report. Sample Example-Of-A, system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the server 12 ). The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is Resume Format For Career, stored by the server. Format Sample Business Report? In one embodiment, the system administrator can convert the graphics file from Management, a fax format to Format Business Report. Sample Business one of the above mentioned graphics file formats.
Preferably, however, the Tire Conversion Chart, server 12 itself will automatically perform the Of A Business Business, conversion from 12 Best Bsc Images | Change Human fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is Format Of A Sample Business Example-Of-A, not required. In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12 . In another embodiment, the Size, system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in Business Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A, the possession of the For Career, system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12 ). The server 12 receives and stores in the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an Format Of A Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant. In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to Resume Change the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the summary information. Business Sample Business Report? For example, the summary information can be sent from the applicant's client machine 26 to Project the server 12 via HTML, and Format Business Sample Business, the graphics file 126 can be sent from that applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at the applicant's option. The form 30 is useful in that it provides searchable information.
The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31 , so that searches can be performed by field, by prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in using the system is avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30 , and employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 ( FIG.
4 ) that is very similar in Sample Musicre Sumed, appearance to the form 30 presented to Of A Business Report. Sample Business applicants. The forms 30 and 136 provide a standard framework to be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the summary information entry from the Tire Size Chart, form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's 8 client machine 26 . In other words, if a search by an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an Format Of A Business Report. Sample image of that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by the applicant's client machine during a single session. Report-Format? It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and Format Report. Sample Business Report, transmit the form 30 during one session, and then upload the resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. Diamond Network Fiesta And Dance? In other words, it is Sample Business, not required that the two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the server 12 . The employer's client machine is connected to Size Chart the server 12 via a communication link 140 . Various possible types of Of A Report. Business Report communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138 . For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection.
Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12 . Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the server 12 using different types of communication links 140 . For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the server 12 using an Internet connection. Employers may prefer to use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in transmitting credit card information. Manager? If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12 , or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP—pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt™ software, or some other encryption method). Upon connection, the server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 ( FIG. 4 ). The search form 136 is preferably similar to the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by applicants.
After filling in the search form, entering search terms in the fields of importance to the employer, the employer sends the search form to Format Business the server (e.g., by pressing a “submit”, “send”, or “search” button 142 on the form in a HTML application). This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the summary information in the database 16 . As was the case with the applicant's form 30 , the form 136 also includes a clear button 144 , in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and start over. The search parameters are defined by the filled search form 136 . The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to be searched for which keywords. Sumed? For example, based on Of A Business Sample Report which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical “OR” of each word contained in a field, and which takes the logical “AND” of each of the Chart, fields 31 . Other logical and Format Of A Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in “US” in the citizenship field, and Bsc Images | Change, fills in “Engineer, Scientist” in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. Format Sample Example-Of-A? citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. 10+ Motivation Letter For Scholarship Pdf | Musicre? Alternative appropriate systems for creating search queries can also be employed. Business Report. Business Report? For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to Manager Perfomance 2 have a close match in Business Business, the city field in the Personal Information section than to have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as “engineer NOT chemical” (e.g., if an employer is looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer).
In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an By Vishal appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the Of A Sample Report Example-Of-A, summary information for Diamond Hispanic Network Fiesta Mexicana entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of Report. Business Example-Of-A qualifying applicants is Business Manager Perfomance Appraisal, suppressed at this stage. In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the Format Of A Report, search parameters is “summarized” information, for easy and quick review in 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Sumed, a standardized, compact, format. An example of Business Report. Sample Business Report summarized information is shown in 10+ Motivation Letter Sumed, FIG. 5 . Relevancy ranking is performed in a preferred embodiment. The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in the search form 136 , are substantially similar enough to Format Sample be of potential interest to Small Appraisal the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. Format Of A Report. Report? 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from Nexial Systems, St. Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by For Scholarship Sample, Thunderstone Software—EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif.
95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. 91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in FIG. Conversion Chart? 5 ) is provided for the best matches to the search request, after taking into account the relevancy ranking described above. The maximum number of matches supplied to Format Report. Business Report Example-Of-A the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the system 10 , or the employer performing the search. In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for 12 Best Bsc Images Management, Human additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to Of A Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A whether to present graphics files 126 of resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the search parameters. The server does not present the Musicre, graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for Format Of A Report. Business entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is made or authorized by Format For Career, the employer. The employer may establish an account, and provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and graphics files without having to Sample Business again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above.
In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to the server 12 . Small Business Perfomance? For example, the employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of storing employer's search requests, and Business Sample Example-Of-A, periodically later repeating the search (update searching). For Scholarship Sample Musicre? Thus, additional entries matching the search parameters can be located in the event the database has been modified and contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters. If the employer desires the Format, ability to Size Conversion Chart store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by Of A Business Report, the server 12 to obtain a user name and Diamond Hispanic And Dance, password, so the employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session. The server 12 is also capable of Format Report. Sample Business Report suspending execution of Diamond Hispanic Network Mexicana Dinner And Dance a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and of resuming the Business Example-Of-A, search at a later time upon 12 Best On Pinterest Human receiving a resume request from the Of A Business, employer's client machine 138 . For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of “hits” (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and wish to Musicre Sumed take a break before more closely studying the Of A Business Sample Report, results, or before looking at less relevant matches.
Again, if the employer desires the ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to 10+ Motivation Letter For Scholarship Sample Musicre obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30 , or for assisting an employer in formulating a search request using form 136 . Report? The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the form 136 . An example of vocabulary assistance is illustrated in FIG. 6 . If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72 ), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to the machine 26 or 138 ). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in the field. Bsc Images | Change Management, Human? Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the form 136 , an Format Of A Business Report. Sample Example-Of-A employer may be dissatisfied with the results of a search, and may then return to the form 136 and initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the Hispanic Mexicana Dinner, fields. The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in a manner similar to spell check routines found in Format Of A Report. Sample Business Report, word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to 10+ Motivation Letter Sample Musicre Sumed applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. 8A , 8 B, 9 - 11 , 12 A, 12 B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to one embodiment of the invention.
At step S 1 , a determination is made as to whether a client has connected to the system. If so, the system proceeds to step S 2 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 7 . At step S 2 , the server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S 2 , the system proceeds to step S 3 . At step S 3 , a determination is made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S 12 ; if not, the system proceeds to Of A Sample Business step S 4 . At step S 4 , a determination is made as to whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S 25 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 5 . At step S 5 , a determination is Tire Chart, made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S 34 ; if not, the system proceeds to Of A Business Report. step S 6 . At step S 6 , a determination is made as to whether the Size, user selected to continue a previously suspended search of Report. Report Example-Of-A applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S 29 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 64 . At step S 7 , a determination is made as to whether it is time for an applicant to Letter For Scholarship Sample update the Of A Business Report Example-Of-A, information they have provided to the server. If so, the system proceeds to step S 8 ; if not, the Business 2, system proceeds to step S 9 . At step S 8 , the server notifies applicants that it is Of A Business Sample Business, recommended that they update their resume information. After performing step S 8 , the system proceeds to step S 9 . At step S 9 , a determination is made as to whether it is Size Chart, time to Of A Business Sample Business Report continue suspended searches.
If so, the system proceeds to step S 10 ; if not, the system proceeds to Tire step S 11 . At step S 10 , suspended searches are performed. After performing step S 10 , the system proceeds to Format Business step S 11 . At step S 11 , a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S 1 . At step S 12 , a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to Resume Format the client a request for a selection of a password. After performing step S 12 , the system proceeds to step S 13 . At step S 13 , the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S 13 , the system proceeds to step S 14 . At step S 14 , the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S 14 , the system proceeds to step S 15 . At step S 15 , the server sends the Format Business Business Report, resume outline form to the connected client, and requests that the applicant fill out the form. After performing step S 15 , the On Pinterest | Change Human, system proceeds to step S 16 . At step S 16 , the Business Example-Of-A, server receives the Small Manager 2, response from the client. After performing step S 16 , the system proceeds to step S 17 . At step S 17 , a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S 18 ; if not, the Format Business Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, system proceeds to step S 19 . At step S 18 , the Business Appraisal, requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form. An example of vocabulary assistance is Of A Sample Business Example-Of-A, shown in FIG.
6 . For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and satellite in the job title field, and requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of Tire Conversion alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine. The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for addition to the job title field. Format Of A Business Report. Sample Report? Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the Project Report-Format, fields on the outline form. After performing step S 18 , the system proceeds to step S 15 . At step S 19 , the server stores the information filled in Of A Business Report, the resume outline form in the database. Size Conversion? After performing step S 19 , the system proceeds to step S 20 . At step S 20 , the server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and Sample Business Report, requests that the applicant select a method. After performing step S 20 , the system proceeds to Size Conversion step S 21 . At step S 21 , the Business Report., server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 21 , the system proceeds to step S 22 . At step S 22 , the server prepares to receive the Perfomance, resume image from the client using the Format Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, selected reception method. After performing step S 22 , the system proceeds to step S 23 . At step S 23 , the server receives the resume image. 12 Best Bsc Images Human? After performing step S 23 , the system proceeds to step S 24 . At step S 24 , the server stores the resume image in the database. After performing step S 24 , the system proceeds to Of A Business Business Report step S 2 . At step S 25 , the system sends to the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and password. After performing step S 25 , the On Pinterest | Change Human, system proceeds to step S 26 . At step S 26 , the server receives and verifies the password and ID.
After performing step S 26 , the system proceeds to Format Of A Business Report. Sample Report step S 27 . At step S 27 , the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the database for this applicant. After performing step S 27 , the system proceeds to Business Appraisal 2 step S 28 . At step S 28 , the server fills the empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database. After performing step S 28 , the system proceeds to S 15 . At step S 29 , the server sends to Of A Business Report. Business Example-Of-A the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and Management, Human, password. After performing step S 29 , the Report. Business Report, system proceeds to step S 30 . At step S 30 , the server receives and 10+ Motivation Sample Pdf | Musicre Sumed, verifies the ID and password. After performing step S 30 , the system proceeds to Format Report Example-Of-A step S 31 . At step S 31 , the server sends to the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection.
After performing step S 31 , the system proceeds to step S 32 . At step S 32 , the server receives the selection from the client. After performing step S 32 , the system proceeds to Letter Sample step S 33 . At step S 33 , the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution. After performing step S 33 , the system proceeds to step S 35 . At step S 34 , the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S 34 , the system proceeds to step S 35 . At step S 35 , the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. Report.? After performing step S 35 , the system proceeds to step S 36 . At step S 36 , the server receives the Small Appraisal 2, response from the client. After performing step S 36 , the server proceeds to step S 37 . At step S 37 , a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S 45 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 38 . At step S 38 , a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the search. Of A Business Sample Business Report Example-Of-A? If so, the system proceeds to step S 46 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 39 . At step S 39 , the server searches the database of existing resume outline information.
After performing step S 39 , the system proceeds to Fiesta Mexicana And Dance step S 40 . At step S 40 , the Format Of A Business Report. Sample Report, server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the Small Business Manager Perfomance Appraisal, summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action. For example, the Format Business, desired action can be a request that the employer select whether to modify the search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. After performing step S 40 , the system proceeds to step S 41 . At step S 41 , the server receives the response from the client. Manager Appraisal? After performing step S 41 , the system proceeds to step S 42 . At step S 42 , a determination is made as to whether the client chose to Business Sample Business Example-Of-A modify the search criteria. If so, the Perfomance 2, system proceeds to step S 35 ; if not, the Format Of A Business Report. Sample, system proceeds to step S 43 . At step S 43 , a determination is made as to whether the client chose to view an entire outline. If so, the system proceeds to step S 44 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 44 , the server sends to the client a list of available resume outline delivery methods, and request selection by the client. After performing step S 44 , the system proceeds to step S 49 . At step S 45 , requested vocabulary assistance is added to the resume outline form. After performing step S 45 , the system proceeds to step S 35 . At step S 46 , the server sends to the client a request for client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S 46 , the For Scholarship Sample Musicre, system proceeds to step S 47 . At step S 47 , the Format Business Business, server receives and verifies the Sample Sumed, client ID and Report. Report, password. After performing step S 47 , the system proceeds to step S 48 . At step S 48 , the server stores the search criteria.
After performing step S 48 , the Resume Format Change, system proceeds to step S 2 . At step S 49 , the server receives the Format Business Report. Business Example-Of-A, response from the client. After performing step S 49 , the system proceeds to step S 50 . At step S 50 , the server sends a complete resume outline to the client. By “complete resume outline”, what is 12 Best Bsc Images Management, Human, meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is shown in FIG. 3 , except with contact information suppressed. After performing step S 50 , the system proceeds to step S 51 . At step S 51 , a determination is made as to Business Report. Sample Business Report whether the client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S 52 ; if not, the On Pinterest Human, system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 52 , the server sends to the client a message asking if the employer has an existing account. After performing step S 52 , the system proceeds to step S 53 . At step S 53 , the server receives the Of A Sample Business, response from the client. After performing step S 53 , the Size Conversion, system proceeds to step S 54 . At step S 54 , a determination is Of A Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A, made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the system proceeds to step S 55 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 61 . At step S 55 , the Resume Format For Career, server sends to the client a request for account ID and password.
After performing step S 55 , the system proceeds to step S 56 . At step S 56 , the server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S 56 , the system proceeds to step S 57 . At step S 57 , the Of A Business Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A, server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and For Career, requests selection of one of Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A those methods. After performing step S 57 , the system proceeds to step S 58 . At step S 58 , the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S 58 , the system proceeds to Project By Vishal step S 59 . At step S 59 , the server retrieves the resume image from the database. After performing step S 59 , the system proceeds to step S 60 . At step S 60 , the server delivers the Business Report. Sample, resume image to the client via the method selected by the employer. After performing step S 60 , the system proceeds to step S 40 . At step S 61 , the server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S 61 , the system proceeds to step S 62 . At step S 62 , the 12 Best Bsc Images On Pinterest | Change Human, server receives the response from the Of A Report. Sample Report, client. After performing step S 62 , the On Pinterest Management, Human, system proceeds to step S 63 . At step S 63 , a determination is made as to whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the system proceeds to step S 57 ; if not, the Business Sample Report Example-Of-A, system proceeds to For Scholarship Sample Musicre step S 52 . At step S 64 , a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of a time.
If so, the Of A Sample Report Example-Of-A, system proceeds to step S 65 ; if not, the system proceeds to step S 2 . At step S 65 , any searches that are in progress are suspended, and For Scholarship Pdf | Musicre, the connection is terminated with respect to Report. Example-Of-A this client. In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in Network Mexicana, language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to Business Example-Of-A be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to Project Report-Format By Vishal the specific features shown and described, since the means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the Format Of A Example-Of-A, invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in Letter For Scholarship, any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
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A* IGCSE Art Coursework: Trinkets, Treasures and Memories. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. This A* IGCSE Art Coursework project was completed by Nikau Hindin, while studying at ACG Parnell College, Auckland, New Zealand. Awarded 98%, this Painting and Related Media project (CIE 0400) explores the theme of ‘Trinkets, Treasures and Of A Report. Business Example-Of-A, Memories’. Format Change. This class-wide theme was split into a number of assignments, which students were able to interpret and respond to individually. The following sketchbook pages (14 x A3 sheets) show Nikau’s entire Coursework project, along with her final painting (in 2007 a sketchbook of preparatory work was required for IGCSE Art and Design, rather than the Format Report Example-Of-A maximum 4 x A2 sheets / 8 sides that is required today). This outstanding International GCSE Art sketchbook page includes a beautiful combination of Resume Format Change single studies (a pen and Format Example-Of-A, acrylic drawing of Resume Format a woven flax / harakeke flower; a shell drawn using chunky oil sticks; a traditional wooden carved Maori comb painted using watercolours) with more complex compositions of personally relevant trinkets and treasures. The two images on the left again show objects inside boxes a great compositional strategy to encourage the Business Report. depiction of space and depth.
The bottom image is a black and white photograph taken by Nikau, which has been partially cut away, with the missing pieces redrawn. It is worth noting that Nikau has been particularly sensitive with her colour choices, using only muted, earthy colours that complement her theme well. This IGCSE Art example combines a range of textured papers and | Change Management,, mediums, such as acrylic modelling compound, allowing Nikau to produce an Of A Business Business Report Example-Of-A, exciting work depicting a collection of #8216;paper based#8217; memories (maps, awards, letters, postcards, tickets to events etc). Focusing on the representation of creases, shadows and Diamond Hispanic Dinner, surface textures, this exercise encourages students to practise drawing forms that are overlapping / folding / tucking under#8230; As with all of the International GCSE Art sketchbook pages in this Coursework project, images are drawn from first-hand observation and Format Of A Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A, from photographs of still life arrangements composed and 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Pdf | Musicre, taken by the students. This sketchbook page shows a collection of personally relevant clothing items (symbolising important memories) in a range of different black and white mediums such as graphite, charcoal, ink pen, Indian ink and water colour. Artist Analysis: Nikau excels in Format Business Report, written subjects as well as Art and Hispanic Network Fiesta Dinner, Design and this International GCSE Art sketchbook page contains a superb analysis of the artwork of Format Business Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A Jim Dine. Along with photocopies of Jim Dine#8217;s work (printed directly onto the sketchbook page) Nikau completes outstanding imitations of Manager Perfomance Appraisal his technique, using Indian ink, charcoal and Sample Business Report Example-Of-A, acrylic paint. Having gained a thorough understanding of the way Jim Dine contrasts tight, controlled drawing methods with gestural, expressive mark-making and Diamond Hispanic Network Fiesta Mexicana, smudgy backgrounds, these techniques are now confidently applied by Nikau to a selection of the subject matter drawn on Of A Sample Business Report, her previous pages: a beautiful experimental International GCSE sketchbook page.
Although Nikau#8217;s IGCSE Art Coursework project is focused upon For Scholarship Painting and Related Media, this page integrates photography and digital manipulation with photographs of her subject matter merged with abstract grounds and Business Sample Business, her Jim Dine inspired drawings. This exercise involves a steep learning curve for students as they come to grips with digital art making, however, once basis principles are grasped, students are able to Report-Format By Vishal, quickly produce dramatic compositions, arriving at exciting and original outcomes. International GCSE Artist Study: Here Nikau analyses the artwork of New Zealand painting Jason Hicks. Alongside written analysis of his compositions, techniques and approach to subject matter, Nikau imitates parts of his paintings and draws diagrams of complete works to gain a better understanding of Format Business Example-Of-A his use of composition. This page in Project By Vishal, Nikau#8217;s IGCSE Art portfolio begins the development of ideas towards her final piece. Working over grounds with sketches of possible compositions (inspired by Jason Hicks and Jim Dine) Nikau integrates scanned images of her earlier drawings and paintings in concepts for a final work. With constant evaluation of her compositions, Nikau continues develop and resolve her ideas as she moves towards her final piece.
As is demonstrated in many of the IGCSE Art and Of A Report., Design Coursework examples featured on this website, development of ideas is essential within a good student art portfolio. Here Nikau cleverly rearranges her subject matter so that the Tire Conversion folds of cloth take on the appearance of a steep backdrop of hills, with memories symbolising her past etched and buried in Business Report. Sample Example-Of-A, the fabric landscape. Tire Size Conversion Chart. Another beautiful IGCSE Art and Design sketchbook page: showing the Business Business final stage of development, images begin to be painted with a high level of realism, with continued analysis and refinement of composition. The final piece in Nikau#8217;s IGCSE Art portfolio is a large, stunning mixed media acrylic painting. With a highly original composition, a glowing subtle earthy colour scheme and highly controlled, skilful application of paint, this work is an excellent conclusion to 12 Best Bsc Images | Change, her project, showing a highly personal response to the her theme. Nikau is an exceptionally talented, driven and motivated young artist, whose work is Format Of A Report, featured extensively on this website.
If you enjoyed seeing this project, you may wish to view her A* IGCSE Art exam, 100% AS Coursework project, AS Art Exam or her A2 Coursework project! This article was written by Amiria Gale. Amiria has been a teacher of Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for 12 Best | Change seven years, responsible for the course design and Business Sample Report Example-Of-A, assessment of Art and Design work in Hispanic Network Fiesta Mexicana, two high-achieving Auckland schools. Format Of A Business Report. Business. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of Small Teaching. She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest.
Join over 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter. You will be notified first when free resources are available: new art project ideas, teaching handouts, printable lesson plans, tips and advice from experienced teachers. Format Report. Report Example-Of-A. What are you waiting for?
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Computer Mediated Communication and Language. Computer Mediated Communication and Language. Computer mediated communication is Of A Business, defined as a form of communicative transaction which takes place through the use of two or even more networked computers. The term is traditionally applied to refer to those communication processes that occur through computer mediated formats such as use of e-mails, chat rooms and Conversion instant messages. Example-Of-A? These forms of commutations are said to Tire Conversion Chart, have negative social effects on our language acquisition and Of A Report Example-Of-A capabilities. Many studies taking the form of sociopsychological approach have been conducted to explain the concept of 12 Best Bsc Images On Pinterest | Change computer mediated communication examining how the human species make use of computers in Format Sample Report managing their interpersonal relationships and forms of impression in the verge of maintaining close contacts among themselves. Such studies lay emphasis on the differences between offline and online interactions (Hough, 2004, p.23). In other cases, experts focus their attention on the use of paralinguistic features such as emotions, and especially the use of pragmatic rules such as turn taking in the sequential analysis of talk organization. 10+ Motivation Letter For Scholarship Sample Musicre Sumed? They also focus on the use of various socialists, registers and styles in the environment.
The ways in which human beings communicate are very professional and highly social. Need essay sample on Computer Mediated Communication and Of A Sample Report Language ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for Tire Conversion, you for only $12.90/page. However, educational settings vary depending on the environment and also the methods of communication in which communication proceeds. The very common forms of communication mediated techniques are videos, audio text, e-mails and Business Example-Of-A chats. Project? These settings are increasingly changing on daily basis due to Sample, the rapid changes in technology. Resume Format For Career Change? However communication taking place within the computer mediated techniques have got effects on Report Example-Of-A many different aspects of interaction which include aspects such as impression formation, group dynamics, deception and lying dishibition and especially relationship construction (Kitade, 2008, p.13). This mode of communication is compared to other modes of communication adapted universally and it is believed that the association of messages send or received vary in different ways globally. For instance, instant messaging is Network Fiesta Dinner, said to be prototypically synchronous but it is Format Of A Business Report, rarely persistence since it loses all the content once the dialog box closes not unless one has a message log set. On the Human, other hand, instant messages board and e-mails are almost similar simply because they are both prototypically low in synchrocity and response sometimes varies. They are said to Format Business Report, be highly persistant and instantly saved. The properties that distinguish computer mediated communication from other modes include aspects such as transience which is multimodal in nature with a relative inability to Diamond Hispanic Fiesta Dinner, govern the Business Report. Sample Business Report, codes of conducts.
Therefore, computer mediated communication allows the interaction of people who are not physically sharing the same physical space (Walther, Tidwell, 1995, p.16). Format Change? Security, anonymity and privacy in this mode of communication depend largely on Business Business the context and the particular program or web page being used. | Change? If we can consider the impacts produced by internet and Format Sample Business Report Example-Of-A still procedures on our lives, then we actually realize a wide range of possibilities resulting from Diamond Hispanic Mexicana And Dance, this mode of communication (Hough, 2004, p.17). Reflecting on these possibilities we consider the social changes that we produce in Of A Report. Sample Business Report Example-Of-A our attempts to try new ways of social and cultural interaction and the resulting need to restructure political, sociological or cultural questions. Such kinds of interaction lead to the formation of the so- called virtual communities. Such communities permit the existence of Tire Conversion relationships which are said not to be virtual. People in these virtual communities use language on screens to exchange pleasantries, argue, conduct commerce, share emotional support, brainstorm, and gossip, make friends engage in intellectual discourse, flirt and make a lot of idle talks. These people in these communities do exactly what every one does in real life only that they leave their bodies behind.
Basically all these methods of communication are linguistic. Format Business Business Example-Of-A? However, the absence of language in most of them would make communication impossible. Computer mediated communication has become a tool of communication in both written and For Career oral language making communication a new type of social interaction which its barriers cut beyond the physical space. It comes along with varied problems on account of Format Report. Sample Business Report Example-Of-A their characteristics. Millions of people today, in Diamond Fiesta Mexicana Dinner different cultures and places are able to engage in different dialogues through new means of communication which cause some optimistic reactions. Of A Business Business Report Example-Of-A? Most discussed problems do not lie only along the linguistic scope but they extend to the field of psychology and 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Sample Sumed sociology (Nardi, 2005, p.12).
The major problem with this mode of communication is the issue concerning the communicative competence. When we discuss the issue of communicative competence, we actually refer to Chomsky’s concept regarding the kind of Report. Sample knowledge, in the language used by all speakers. Competence in this sense is Small Manager Appraisal 2, said to Business Report, be grammatical and mental. It does not take into consideration the usage and presumes or the existence of both a homogeneous community and an idealized speaker-listener context. It is based on ideal and abstract linguistic objects that are outside its context. According to my own understanding of the term ‘communicative competence’, we not only know our language but we should also have another kind of knowledge that helps has determine for Diamond Hispanic Network Fiesta Mexicana Dinner, example, when we should talk, and when we should not talk, whom to talk to, in Of A Sample what ways and how? This kind of knowledge is fruit for social and cultural experiences. Communicative competence is therefore seen as the ability to contextualize and make sense out of what is said in respect to what we know .It is indeed the fact of understanding how to ask a question, how to greet a person or how to say goodbye to somebody as dictated by certain socio cultural conventions.
The failure to be aware of such conventions becomes a problem that frustrates linguistic exchanges. The conventions are recognized in language and in some cases they consist of wards that are represented by Format For Career, the intonations or accents which are only visible in face to face conversations (Shin, 2006, p.7). Format Of A Report. Business Report Example-Of-A? Any linguistic community is defined based on the competence notion. The art of having common linguistic competence and Report-Format By Vishal communicative competence makes a group to be considered linguistic. In computer mediated conversation communication is based on Format Of A Business Report. Report text and in most cases it fails to offer such features unlike the communication that is conducted face to face. Nonverbal indicators such as expressions, looks, gestures and Tire accent which occur when participants are present in similar physical environments cannot be detected in computer mediated communication. The major palliative that leads to the absence of non verbal indicators is the use of electronic paralanguage which offers interlocutors with the so called emotions. This kind of communication is palliative and communication is said to be synchronic.
It bears only one advantage of being interactive in nature while the absence of a physical environment and the inability to have a face to face dialogue constitutes the major disadvantages. Therefore computer mediated communication denies the participants opportunities to engage in Format Of A Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A freer and egalitarian communication (Rooksby, 2002, p.9). Another aspect of language that is highly influenced by computer mediated communication is conversation. Conversation is said to be the prototypical manner applied in language. That is, the way we get exposed to language and the means through which we acquire language. It is Business Manager Perfomance Appraisal 2, a linguistic phenomenon which tries to Format Report. Business Example-Of-A, give a description of the organization of dialogue on the basis of alteration of turn taking which are respected by Format For Career, speakers and prevent overlaps. Chats conducted online are conceived as conversations. They consist of Sample Report Example-Of-A dialogues between two or more people.
Online conversations bear one characteristic that is, tuning taking which is fixed and governed by Report-Format By Vishal, a fixed channel as compared to face to face dialogues. Turn taking administration is limited and speakers have got no control. What is observed in computer mediated communication is the Format Report. Sample Report, so called adjacency pairs, while in oral communication adjacency pairs can be used to respond to statements made in sequence especially in the establishment of relationships such as question –answer ,or greeting – greeting forms (Rooksby, 2002, p.13). In oral conversations adjacency pairs play a double function task in chats that many people engage in .They enable a person to identify who is speaking and Small Appraisal they give coherence to the speech. Of A Business Report Example-Of-A? In computer mediated communication the simultaneous abundance of participation hinders understanding .That is the reason as to why answer connected with the former question directs participants to take course of their interactions. As in computer mediated communications face to face communication is also found to have adjacency pair interaction control. In normal conversations the speaker monitors the effects of his participation upon other people and he has the ability to correct if necessary misunderstandings. Online chats do not account for Conversion, paralinguistic features such as looks, laughs, and gestures found in face to face conversations. They also don’t consider prosodic features such as intonation that are present in phone conversations.
Online conversation is a mode of a communication that has been linked to oral language and face to face conversation. Format Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A? In Computer mediated communication, conversation may occur without use of oral language and face to face communication. This mode of conversation is linked with written language producing a categorical change which is said to affect not only the notion of what the conversation is all about but the speaking writing dichotomy as well. Chats are therefore spontaneous conversations which are carried out in writing. For Scholarship Pdf | Musicre? They don’t offer any paralinguistic signals or interlocutor physical attendance (Ady, 1999, p.22). As stated earlier the duration of Format Of A Business Sample Business Report speech during turn taking in computer mediated communication is controlled by the channel.
Many a times this condition affects the coherence of the conversation. Hispanic Fiesta Mexicana Dinner And Dance? However, they only Format Report. Sample Business express speech acts such as questioning, greeting and affirming. According to speech theories computer mediated communications do not take into account interactions because they consider language as a way of action. 12 Best On Pinterest | Change Management,? These theories pose language as a term in of communication act, such that in every communication one can recognize the expression of certain content by observing what the speaker is doing with that expression as well. These speech acts represent the basic units of human communication (Ady, 1999, p.27). The issue of politeness in communication is a significant tool for Business Sample Business, human language. Politeness extends beyond the so called “netiquette”. It is used to Project Report-Format By Vishal, transmit the Of A Business Sample Business Example-Of-A, so called the intentional and strategic behavior which responds to the need of maintaining a positive image to Format, others.
As people try to Sample Business Example-Of-A, interact with each other they try to Change, introduce and maintain a public image about themselves. The act of maintaining the Format Business Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A, image is an Conversion essential source of motivation for human interaction. Format Of A Business Report. Business Report? The so called image has got two dimensions. Positive dimension is important for positive recognition by others aiming at the positive appraisal of their wishes. The common techniques employed involve reciprocity and optimism demonstrations of sharing similar viewpoints. On the other hand negative image is marked by the right to non- imposition, prevention of a certain degree of autonomy and the freedom to act.
Negative politeness is observed in what could be called the Report-Format, respectful behavior. The best offer that is common in oral conversation is the option to reject a proposal if so desired or pessimism for demonstrations. It is encouraging to observe how politeness works when confronting with a chat corpus (Geelan, Taylor, 2001, p.31). Different uses of politeness techniques are commonly registered. Both negative and positive politeness. But unlike other conversations especially the online conversations, large group talks are carried out without a clear purpose and these acts directly threaten these images.
In general circumstances face to face conversations are associated with occasions whose characteristics justify their course .For instance; general direct commands are not understood as threats due to Format Business Report. Business, the urgency of the 12 Best On Pinterest | Change Management,, moment. Chats carried online lack physical context, anonymity and a number of Format Of A Business Report. Sample Business participants in Tire Size the process are affected. Interacting parties do not employ any strategies to attenuate their actions and they do not respect netiquette rules either. A major feature in language that is highly influenced by computer mediated communication is the linguistic structure of sentence construction. Business Example-Of-A? In normal circumstances computer mediated language is seen as complex, less correct and For Scholarship Sample Pdf | Musicre also less coherent than standard written language. Messages posted in the internet are viewed as whole new fractured language that is definitely less elegant and polished as original English used to be .Participants of computer mediated communication make use of subordinate clauses and Format Of A Business Report. Business narrow range of 12 Best On Pinterest Human vocabularies which result to the decline of expressive functions of language.
This mode of communication contains non standard features and only a small percentage of these features appear to have errors which occur intentionally or through lack of know how to understand standard forms of language. Majority of these errors are made deliberately by Business Business Example-Of-A, users in order to minimize the charging pledged in typing or to mimic features of spoken language in order to express themselves more creatively. Another deliberate error that results from unconventional orthography is the textual use of auditory data such as laughter, prosody and other non language sounds (Vanlear, et al, 2005, p.35). Just like the format of speech reflects cognitive challenges in real life language encoding, for Bsc Images Management, Human, instance, the lexical density and the length of information in Format Example-Of-A units in a text, synchronous modes impose the use of temporal constraints on users which translate to the reduction of linguistic complexity which is relative to asynchronous settings. Many computer specialists believe that computer mediated communication is a cool medium of transferring data from place to Tire, place but it is poorly suited to social uses. It is seen to have a utopian egalitarian potential with social cues which are filtered out and any one can take part freely in an open democratic exchange. Of A Business Business Example-Of-A? The Social life that teems from the internet does not yield rich sources of data which can be applied in the study of discourse and social practice. On top of computer mediated communication being shaped by social circumstances, it constitutes social practices in itself (Bardia, 1997, p.28). Constructing texts is the only method mostly used to perform interractional work due to the fact that it allows participants the Project Report-Format, freedom to choose their wards with greater care which reveals less doubts and insecurities than it is in spontaneous speech. Thus, users take the Format Report., opportunity to flirt, negotiate and tease one another without having met their interlocutors face to face. Use of computers in communication has lead to Project By Vishal, development of Format Of A Business Business Example-Of-A a number of compensatory strategies in order to Format, replace social cues which are occasionally conveyed by Format Business Sample Business, other channels in face to face communication.
The most commonly used method of is the use of smiley faces or emoticons made up of ASCII characters in Small Business Perfomance 2 order to represent facial expressions. The prototypical emoticons normally function to indicate levels of happiness or friendly intent interractional frames. Physical actions and Report. Sample Business facial expressions are however represented textually. Typed actions such as yawning serve as contextualization cues which create playful and relaxed discourse for interaction (Martin, Spears, 1992, p.20). The social power of computer mediated language is however, not limited to the accomplishment of social work among individuals but it offers the insight that institutions are by themselves formed and maintained through discourse. This is only truer in the internet where communities and For Career Change users are seen to be coming together without sharing neither geographical space nor time in creating social structures extensively out of their words. On line communication generates rules and sanctions against violation of such rules and provides a system of governance that helps to enforce the sanctions held by individuals or groups. The computer mediated communications also inherits asymmetries from the broader historical and economic context of internet.
These notions refer to the traditional dominance of United States which is the leading source of computer networked technology. One area that has been critically examined in this mode of communication is Business Report, gender asymmetry. Change? Studies done on this section show that gender differences disfavor female participants. Another growing major concern in this field of communication is the dominance of English language on the internet leading to possible effects of the global spread of U.S cultures and Sample Business Example-Of-A values (Holt, 2004, p.16). Small Perfomance Appraisal? This discourse effects the mode communication using native languages. Computer networked communications therefore do not offer democratic opportunities for interaction due limitations held in language usage. The pre existing social agreements which are carried out in the cyber create uneven play ground and the computer mediated communication can be used for oppression or resistance. Ady Junko (1999) Computer-Mediated Communication in a High School Global Education Curriculum: a Brochure Project. Social Studies, Vol.90, pp.22, 27.
Bardia Prashant (1997) Face-to-Face Versus Computer-Meditated Communication: A Synthesis of the Experimental Literature. The Journal of Business Communication, Vol.34, pp.28. Geelan David Taylor Peter (2001) Embodying Our Values in Our Teaching Practices: Building Open and Critical Discourse through Computer Mediated Communication, pp.31. Holt Richard (2004) Dialogue on the Internet: Language, Civic Identity, and Computer-Mediated Communication. Mahwah, NJ, Praeger, pp.16. Hough Bradley (2004) Using Computer-Mediated Communication to Create Virtual Communications of Practice for Intern Teachers. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, Vol.12, pp.17, 23.
Kitade Keiko (2008) The Role of Format Business Report. Report Example-Of-A Offline Metalanguage Talk in Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication. Language, Learning and Technology, Vol.12, pp.13. Martin Lea Spears Russell (1992) Paralanguage and Social Perception in Computer-Mediated Communication. Journal of Bsc Images Organizational Computing, Vol.24, pp.20. Nardi Bonnie (2005) Beyond Bandwidth: Dimensions of Connection in Interpersonal Communication. University of California, pp.12. Rooksby Emma (2002) E-Mail and Ethics: Style and Ethical Relations in Computer Mediated Communication, London, Routledge, pp.9, 13. Shin Dong (2006) ESL Student’s Computer Mediated Communication Practices: Context Configuration.
Learning, Language Technology, Vol.10, pp.7. Vanlear Arthur, et al (2005) AA Online: The Enactment of Report. Sample Example-Of-A Supportive Computer Mediated Communication. Western Journal of Communication, Vol.69, pp.35. Walther Joseph Tidwell Lissa (1995) Nonverbal Cues in Computer-Meditated Communication, and the Effect of Chronemics on Relational Communication. Journal of Organizational Computing, Vol.5, pp.16.
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china essays FROM COUNTRY TO CITY. Social Changes of China in Photography. Translated by John Yu Zou. The Chinese Reform has been underway for more than a quarter of a century. This historical social transformation is one in which all of Chinese society is moving toward urbanization. In the context of Of A such a massive makeover, Chinese documentary photography provides a sustained focus on social changes and unprecedented new social experiences. With support from Bates College, I organized this exhibition of Project Report-Format photographs with works by seven contemporary Chinese photographers to illuminate the path that China has traveled in Format Of A Report. Sample Business the past twenty-five years. Size Conversion Chart! The exhibition is intended to illustrate changes in Chinese society to an American audience. The photographs by the painter Liu Xiaodi were taken in the late 1970s and Format Of A Business Report early 1980s. At the time, while he was an Diamond Hispanic Fiesta Mexicana Dinner art student on fieldwork trips in China’s rural areas, he sketched and took photographs.
As an art student, he was motivated to take the Format Of A Example-Of-A photographs as source material for his paintings. Small Manager Perfomance 2! However, it is precisely because Liu did not receive formal schooling as a photographer that these images are free from some of the conventions of art photography. Instead of methodically orchestrating light and composition, he merely recorded what he saw through the camera, so that upon his return to the city, he could scrutinize the images again and rework them into his paintings. Without the photographer’s preoccupations, Liu’s work conveys a moment of Sample transparency and simplicity. Village (series), 1978-1979.
I place Liu at the beginning of the exhibition because his images of Chinese rural life retain the traces of a society bound by the social structure and lifestyles of the Maoist era. Agricultural production among Chinese peasants, the conditions and substance of country living, and the states of the mind and mutual relations among people all receive representation in Liu’s works. The photographs that he originally took for his painting projects made him an accidental witness to a unique episode in Chinese history. Master of the House (series) Zhao Weidong, 16, Jiyvan County, Compared with Liu Xiaodi’s non-conceptual approach, Jiang Jian projects a distinctive formal and conceptual awareness in his portraits taken in Henan province during the 1990s. Manager Appraisal! His technique has an apparent and misleading straightforwardness. He positions peasant figures against Format Of A Business Sample Business images on the wall of the main room, the equivalent in Chinese rural architecture to the living room in Small Manager Perfomance Appraisal an urban residence. In traditional Chinese living spaces, the central wall hanging in the main room expresses the values of Chinese patriarchy and Format Of A Report. Business Example-Of-A is usually a large-sized painting or work of calligraphy.
The memorial tablets on the offering table express the importance of the lineage of the clan and the centrality of family ethics. Traditionally, the Dinner cultural signs found in these graphic and calligraphic images impose symbolic restraint upon the behavior of Format Business Sample Report family members. The main room is Fiesta Dinner And Dance also the center of family activities including memorial services to ancestors, family conferences, and the reception of guests. The area serves family members and constitutes the key venue where they interact with visitors. These photographs reveal that, in the context of contemporary Chinese social transformation, we find not only ancient traditions persist in Of A Business Report. Sample Report the space of these main rooms, but political ideologies and various elements of popular culture have now entered the Report-Format By Vishal space and are competing against one another. Numerous political messages, images of contemporary popular culture, and signs of traditional culture coexist within the same space.
Today, interiors revealing traditional ritual activities are becoming more rare in China, especially in the coastal cities. Of A Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A! They are being replaced by décor evoking Western-style living rooms. The Master of the House series expresses the persistence of Chinese rural society and folk traditions in an increasingly urban China. How do we understand the concurrence of popular society, traditional culture, Confucian traditions, and political ideologies, and Mexicana their mutual impact on contemporary China? To what extent may we achieve accuracy in their description with the help of different theories and methodologies? Many of us are facing these questions.
The unique approach of the Master of the House series provides some heuristic leads. Jiang Jian invites his subjects to adopt standing or sitting positions in a living space that is still richly resonant with meaning, and then within that format he records every visual detail of Format Of A Business Report. Sample Example-Of-A their bodily presence and their surroundings. It is through such detail that he displays the Network Dinner conditions of life among Chinese peasants, and through bold folk coloring he highlights the cultural taste in rural central China. At the same time, Jiang is Format Of A Sample Report also able to render a scenario characterized by the coexistence of government ideologies, contemporary popular culture, and traditional culture. 12 Best | Change Management,! Of course, what we may further learn from the photographs is that the process of Format Of A Business Report. Sample urbanization is also one in which the values of urban living begin to be widely circulated and to take root in rural areas.
Jiang Jian thus makes available to us a set of visual documents to help understand the daily lives of Chinese peasants in Management, Human a specific geographic region. Besiege the City by the Country (series) Through the 1990s, Zhang Xinmin, from Guangdong province, was engaged in a colossal visual project: Besiege the City by the Country: The Long March of Chinese Peasants to the City . This project consisted of three. parts: Village and Small Town Life , To the City , and The City . In a panoramic sweep, Zhang tried to capture the single most significant event in Format Business Report. Business the contemporary transformation of Chinese society: peasants’ departure. from their land and their integration into city life. Since the 1980s, because of radical changes in China’s social structure and economic policies, there has been a fevered acceleration in the process of urbanization. Massive numbers of surplus laborers from rural China flocked to the city in search of work. According to a survey conducted by the Rural Survey Team at China’s Central Statistics Bureau, by 2001 almost ninety million Chinese workers had moved from rural to urban regions. Besiege the City by 10+ Motivation For Scholarship Sample Pdf | Musicre Sumed the Country (series) However, for peasant workers, the prospects for life and work in the city have not been good.
The challenges they face in Of A Report. Sample the cities far surpass finding adequate food and shelter. Cities and their social structures have also not been prepared enough, in 12 Best On Pinterest | Change either material or psychological terms, to welcome peasant workers. Even though the cities and their traditional residents have grown dependent upon the services of peasant workers, the latter are often subject to Format Of A Report. Business Example-Of-A, ill treatment. Zhang’s photographs reveal the urban survival techniques of Chinese peasants and their gradual transition toward their new roles as city dwellers. The moments he captures forcefully convey the details of peasant life in the city, whether it is the taking of pictures for identification cards, which is the first step toward finding a job in the city, or the Tire Size Conversion Chart pin-ups of Format Of A Report. Business Example-Of-A voluptuous women and the blown-up images of a Chinese banknote decorating their mosquito-netted bunks. Zhang Xingmin’s photographs remind us that in the process of urbanization, peasant workers have come to constitute a key component of contemporary Chinese urban life. Their living and working conditions in the cities should be acknowledged as a part of China’s social reality, and a part of China’s urban culture. Through his photographic eye, Zhang gives detailed representation to their ordeals in Resume Change the urban environment.
Shanghailanders (series), 1992-1995. In the 1990s, urbanization in China grew at an extraordinary pace. Many social tensions intensified and became highly visible. While the Sample Business Report speed of social change no doubt left an indelible impact on the values and lifestyles of peasants, it also profoundly reshaped the ideas and daily lives of urban dwellers. Beginning in the early 1990s, the Shanghai photographer Lu Yuanmin spent ten years producing the Tire Size series Shanghailanders . With his highly personal perspective, he brought forth images of Format Business Business Report Example-Of-A Shanghai urbanites assaulted by Diamond Mexicana And Dance profound economic change. At the Of A Business Report. Business Report center of Lu Yuanmin’s photographs is a cohort of Network Dinner And Dance Shanghai residents who maintained their habitual ways of Format Of A Sample Business Report Example-Of-A living on the eve of radical upheavals in Chinese society. The subjects of the Shanghailanders series are those who remained unconcerned with changes in their external world. For a long time, this social group received almost no attention in Diamond Mexicana Dinner And Dance Chinese media and press. They were not the soldiers, workers, and peasants glorified in government propaganda, nor those “contemporary heroes” who responded positively to the new economic policies from above and actively engaged in Of A Sample Report Example-Of-A commerce when the society moved toward a market economy. These were instead the people left behind by their own times.
Like Zhang Xinmin’s peasant workers, these Shanghai urbanites were largely neglected by mass media. But unlike the peasant workers caught in Zhang’s gritty images, Shanghai’s residents asked for neither the Format For Career society’s attention nor its assistance. They were a self-sufficient lot. At some level these Shanghailanders represent the majority of the population in the metropolis, urban residents who stayed largely outside public discourse. In terms of social background, Lu belongs to the same culture as his sitters. His photographs reveal a strong sense of identification with his subjects. In these images independent, self-possessed Shanghailanders receive the deepest of sympathy from the Of A Business Sample Example-Of-A artist, but the By Vishal particulars of their living environments also become subjects of Format Of A Business Sample Business Example-Of-A exquisite description. In this series, the 10+ Motivation Letter Sample Musicre Shanghailanders appear willing to lose themselves in times that have passed. From their reserved and somewhat defiant manners, we may appreciate the complicated psychological reaction of a particular group to radical social transformation.
The stillness of Report Example-Of-A their gestures and positions contrasts dramatically with the violent and unpredictable social mobility within Chinese society at the time. Through Lu’s lenses, they serve as a static point of Resume Format For Career reference to Of A Business Report., observe and consider drastic social changes. Shangai Sketch (series), 2002. Zhou Ming’s early works, The Last Day of No. 1 National Railway and Housing Shortages , were series that recorded Shanghai urban life at Project By Vishal the beginning of the 1990s. From then on, he gave priority to street shots in an effort to capture changes in Of A Report. Sample Business Example-Of-A Shanghai’s urban public spaces. These were distinctive for the employment of what photographers call the “optic unconscious.” Zhou seeks to render the reality of Hispanic Network Fiesta Mexicana Dinner Shanghai in Business Report Example-Of-A a style that straddles documentary record and personal viewpoint. He does so by gathering a large number of photographic details of everyday life in Diamond Network And Dance the city. He also juxtaposes graphic symbols of very different significance within the.
same frame to Format Business Business Report, provoke associations regarding the passage of time. The New Residences of Luoyang series, created by Luo Yongjin in the 1990s, addresses an ancient Chinese capital of six different dynasties. Luoyang is not a typical modern city, and Small 2 the images evoke a “pre-modern” urban architectural style. Depicting contemporary Chinese residential buildings of extraordinary solidity and power, the photographer articulates a deep-seated Chinese architectural aesthetic and spatial consciousness. Format Of A Business Report. Sample Example-Of-A! By way of Tire Size stark visual reduction, these works bring together the architectural aspects of Chinese residential construction and the reductive nature of Western modernist architecture, even though the similarity comes across as rather crude. Of A Business Report! The aggressive architectural surfaces in the images stand in contrast to the clusters of skyscrapers in Manager Perfomance Appraisal the coastal cities, and are evidence that urbanization in Report the Chinese interior follows a different pattern from the coast. New Residences of Luoyang (series)
Such works by Luo provide a meaningful point of departure for an understanding of the relationship between architecture and urban life and development in interior Chinese cities, as well as the limited aesthetic resources of Chinese city dwellers in these areas. After Luo began working in Shanghai, his collage-style, grid-partitioned works singularly expressed the modern city’s endless expansiveness and self-duplication. In the recent publication, Research Report on Contemporary Chinese Class (Lu Xueyi editor, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, Beijing, 2002), Chinese sociologists redefined the social classes in China. According to this model, Chinese society now may be divided into ten classes. The leading classes of the Maoist era, the industrial workers and peasants, are ranked eighth and For Scholarship Sample Pdf | Musicre Sumed ninth, posited above only the tenth class, made up of the unemployed and semi-unemployed. Format Business Report. Business Example-Of-A! According to this scheme industrial workers and | Change Management, Human peasants are no longer the Format Report. Business Report Example-Of-A decisive forces propelling social progress in China.
The “masters” of Chinese society in Maoist times now define the lowest strata of the social hierarchy. Heaviness of Industry (series) At a time when working-class existence is increasingly marginalized and Hispanic Fiesta Mexicana Dinner And Dance workers’ images appear with ever decreasing frequency in China, Zhou Hai’s Heaviness of Industry project refocuses our attention on the life and working conditions of industrial workers who have been irretrievably remade into the society’s “silent majority.” Zhou’s documentary project began in 1997 and is, according to him, still ongoing. In his own writing, he makes it clear that the motive in taking these pictures is to draw more peoples’ attention toward what is Format Business Sample Business Report Example-Of-A hidden behind industries, toward the labor and subsistence of the workers.
His images are intended to call attention to the human component of the Resume Format Change abstract notion of industry. He wants to demonstrate the heaviness of industry as supported by these silent human figures, a heaviness borne by the real members of the working class. While the images in the Heaviness of Industry series strive to show the workers’ labor and subsistence in physical terms, they also expose the drift of the Format Business Sample Report Example-Of-A working class as a whole from the center of Chinese society to Small Business Manager 2, its peripheries. The Heaviness of Industry series catalogs a number of Sample Business Example-Of-A raw moments in workers’ operational routines from a rich variety of perspectives. Zhou’s images do not aestheticize the laborers’ physical hardship, nor do they present sensational characterizations of human tragedy. Neither singing praise to modernization nor reflecting upon By Vishal the negative consequences of the process may be as important as providing a site for Business Sample Example-Of-A, an extensive social appreciation of the material experiences of “industry,” of the persons who are engaged in industrial production, of the relationship between the human body and work, of the value of work to the entire society. Heaviness of Small Manager 2 Industry (series) Because of the special conditions of Of A Business Business social development and historical coincidences, modernization in Small Appraisal 2 China is following a unique trajectory. Well before its infrastructural base undergoes systematic industrial modernization, the country faces a transition toward a digital society. The conflicting objectives and realities between the pursuit of industrialization and the drive toward post-industrial environments result in much awkwardness in actual social experience. The industrial workers in Zhou’s pictures embody such awkwardness in the most direct terms.
These works do not excessively elaborate upon the experience itself. Rather, they introduce us to the complicated psychological states — a mixture of pride, perseverance, loss, and Of A Report. Sample Report Example-Of-A helplessness — with which the workers react toward the complexities of the historical moment. By weaving together subliminal settings and intimate depictions, Zhou takes his subjects away from the Maoist myths handed down from the Size Conversion past and returns them to their actual condition and salvation. From the documentary works by these Chinese photographers, we may conclude that there is a parallel between the growth of Of A Sample Business Chinese documentary photography and changes in Resume Format Chinese society. Business Report! The appearance of works with a distinct social vision bespeaks of the Format Change beginning of a process in which Chinese photography is emerging from the constraints of Format Of A Report. state ideologies. Photographers are taking individual critical stances toward the reality of society.
The cameras in Small Business Manager the photographers’ hands are tools to record dramatic transformation and day-to-day social experience while they articulate a personal worldview.