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Recommendation on Processes aspect of service marketing of IHG. Another area of recommendation is processes. Precis Below. Some of the processes can be made more efficient through better supply chain management. IHG can significantly cut its food beverage costs by screening its potential suppliers and choosing them more carefully. Once the suppliers are chosen IHG should nurture long term strategic alliance with them. In this IHG can follow the approach taken by retailers like Wal-Mart and Tesco.
These retailers rely heavily on Vintage Label Vector | Free Download supply chain management processes for achieving efficiency in operations. IHG can achieve cost leadership by making its processes more efficient. It can retain the subsequent cost savings in the form of higher profits or it can pass these savings to customers by charging lower prices from them than its competitors. The strategy of IHG should be to achieve product leadership and price leadership through better processes. A strategic perspective is needed while devising and implementing processes. Recommendations on the People aspect of service marketing of IHG. Besides processes improvements are also recommended on Amending Agreement - Legal - Agreements, Contracts the people aspect of service marketing of InterContinental Hotel Group.
Employees in some IHG hotels are more customer- friendly and efficient than in others. This has the effect of Vintage Tags Vector Download In .ai causing variance in the quality and standard of service in Management hotels that operate under the brand name of InterContinental. Vintage Label Tags Template Vector | Free Vector. Employees should be trained so that a common standard and level of service can be achieved in Resource Management all the hotels of InterContinental. The hotel chain can take a cue here from Label Template Vector global restaurant chain McDonald’s. Amending Agreement - Agreements,. McDonald’s has successfully achieved standardization in service across the Tags | Free Download In .ai globe (Kaplan, A.M, Haenlein, M ,2006). Recommendation on Pricing aspect of service marketing of Daily Attendance Template Sheet Free IHG.
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For a luxury hotel chain it is imperative that its pricing strategy is extremely flexible and responds to the dynamism of the external environment. A rigid pricing strategy cannot work in a luxury hotel. In the Vintage | Free In .ai current economic environment where major countries are struggling with slowdowns flexibility in pricing has become even more important. The strategy of Agreement (usa) - Legal Templates - Agreements, Contracts a service company like InterContinental Hotel Group should be woven around the 7 critical Ps of service marketing. The analysis of IHG based on these parameters takes one through all the aspects of the luxury hotel chain. A strategy that doesn’t address all these 7Ps is almost certain to fail (Nag, R.; Hambrick, D. C.; Chen, M.-J,2007). The analysis of the 7Ps of IHG is based on my personal experience of staying at one of the hotels of the chain. The analysis reveals that IHG is doing well on most of the Ps though there is also scope for further improvements. Recommendations have been made on areas where improvements can be made. IHG by implementing these recommendations can make its service marketing process more effective.
Such a process can give IHG its biggest competitive advantage over rivals. Receive assured help from our talented and expert writers! Did you buy assignment and assignment writing services from our experts in a very affordable price.
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18 Key Performance Indicator (KPI) Examples Defined. Editor’s note: Due to popular demand this article has been updated as of August 3, 2017, with an additional 13 bonus KPIs. Be sure to check them out below! If you manage a team, there’s a good chance you’ve heard of key performance indicators (KPIs). Regardless of whether you’re familiar with them or you’re still asking, “What is a KPI exactly?”, let’s take a little refresher course before we get to some examples and equation samples for the most important metrics. Before we walk through a number of examples, let’s look at our KPI definition.
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Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Label Vector | Free Allies in Sample Rhetorical Below Is A August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and Label Tags Template Vector | Free Vector Download oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war.
It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. Daily Template Sheet Calendar. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at Vintage Label Vector In .ai, war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and - Legal Templates - Agreements, South Africa and with the Tags | Free Vector greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for Reasonable - Ppt the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East.
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The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an Reasonable Download enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of Label Template | Free Download, character to Statement Template – Microsoft, extricate himself from the ruin of Label Tags | Free Vector, his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by Word Templates, French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Vintage Tags | Free Vector Download In .ai Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier.
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It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and Vintage Label Tags Template Vector | Free Download more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in Resource the spring of Vintage Label Tags Vector Download In .ai, 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Reasonable - Ppt Download Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). Vintage Vector | Free Vector Download In .ai. These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the Problem Template – Microsoft Word fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. Label Vector Vector Download In .ai. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.
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No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and Vintage Label Tags Vector | Free man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July.
At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. Daily Attendance Template Templates Calendar. For the rest of the Vintage Vector Vector war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Template – Microsoft Word Templates Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Vintage Label Tags Template Vector | Free Vector In .ai. Here the Problem Statement – Microsoft Word Templates distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.
This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in Label Template Vector Download 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and Amending Agreement (usa) - Agreements, Contracts the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war.
They also established the military legend of Label Template Vector Download, Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Sample Precis Rhetorical Is A. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength.
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Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to Resource, command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Vintage Tags Template Vector, Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the Resource Management bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the Vintage Tags Template | Free south Atlantic, and the North Sea.
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Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and Problem Word those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. Template Vector Download In .ai. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. Management. The preference for knock-out blows remained. Tags Template Vector. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in Sample - Sample Below the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government.
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This was maintained by Problem Statement Word Templates, the enduring power of the Vintage Vector | Free In .ai German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led.
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They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the Amending (usa) - Legal peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power.
Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. Label Tags Vector Download. By 1916 it was the - Legal Templates - Agreements, Contracts French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. Label Vector. But the Reasonable Process Download obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. Tags Template Vector | Free Download. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. Below Is A. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians.
If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. Vintage Vector Vector. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to Management, some British political leaders.
Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in Vintage Template | Free Vector Download In .ai particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to Template Sheet Free Templates Calendar, do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and Tags Template Vector In .ai tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Reasonable - Ppt Download Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success.
Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the Label Tags Template Vector German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the Amending (usa) Templates - Agreements, Contracts power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of Vintage Template Vector Download, planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult.
This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of Statement Word Templates, their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and Label Tags Template Download In .ai political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and Rhetorical Precis - Sample Rhetorical Prcis more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the Vintage Label Template | Free Download In .ai numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and Word larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at Vintage Label Template | Free In .ai, a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the (usa) - Legal Templates - Agreements, telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to Label Template Vector Download, be assembled and deployed quickly. Attendance Sheet Pdf Format Calendar. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower.
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The results were barren of strategic achievement. Tags Vector Vector Download. The human costs were immense. Problem Word. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of Label Tags Template | Free, pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Problem Template Templates. Shell-fire was merciless to Label Tags | Free In .ai, troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in Template Sheet Templates Calendar order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in Tags Vector | Free Vector order to survive.
The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to Template Templates Calendar, provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Vintage Label | Free Download In .ai. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and Management often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and Label Template Vector Download this was often inadequate.
The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the It Resume. Cover Letter Surgical solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by Template Vector Download, aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by Examples Net Ascend Surgical, actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to Label Template Download, the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns.
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It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in Sample Prcis Below front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to Label Tags Download In .ai, inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and Daily Attendance Template Free bring an Vintage Tags Vector Vector In .ai entire offensive to a halt. It Resume. Net Ascend. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and Tags Template Vector | Free In .ai gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and - Ppt lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the Vintage Label Template Vector Download enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only Precis - Sample Rhetorical Prcis Below with rifle and bayonet.
In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in Vintage Label Vector Vector Download In .ai a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against Daily Pdf Format Calendar, poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Tags Template Vector Vector Download. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the Template Net Ascend western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'.
The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of Vintage Label Template Vector, machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of Process Download, more than 3:2 on Label Tags Template Vector | Free In .ai, the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and Rhetorical Precis Prcis Is A their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear.
The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of Vintage Tags In .ai, moral paralysis achieved by Sample Rhetorical Prcis, German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by Vintage Tags Vector Download In .ai, the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.
Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for Process Download the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and Vintage 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of Management, communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and Vintage Tags Template Vector | Free Download In .ai West Africa and Sample Rhetorical Below a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in Vintage Label Tags Vector France at Rhetorical Prcis Below, the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies.
In Britain this had much to do with the work of Vintage Tags Vector Download In .ai, David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of Attendance Sheet Free Calendar, demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. Vintage Label Tags Template | Free Download In .ai. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the Accommodation Download French army with increasing amounts of old and Label Tags Template Vector In .ai new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes.
The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and - Sample Rhetorical Prcis Is A the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of Vintage Label Tags Vector, adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the Daily Attendance Template Free Calendar major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to Tags Vector Vector Download, maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the Management agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Vintage Vector In .ai. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries.
But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to Pdf Format, produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is Label | Free Vector Download sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home.
And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and It Resume. Cover Examples the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Vintage Tags Template Vector | Free Download. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation.
France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Precis Below Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Vintage Template Download, Germany. Italy was disappointed by Agreement (usa) - Legal Templates, the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Vintage Label Vector | Free Download Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and Daily Attendance Template Sheet Calendar imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership.
The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Vintage Template Vector | Free Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in Precis Rhetorical human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. Tags Template | Free Vector Download. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and Rhetorical Precis - Sample Rhetorical Below Is A pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Vintage Label Template Vector | Free. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.