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Portraying context with aesthetic beauty will make your product unique and add to user delight. Education & Training | Templates & Designs. Ensure images are dynamic and context-relevant. Wedding Guest - Deciding. Use predictive visuals to substantially improve the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, user experience. Use imagery that is context-relevant. When necessary, it’s acceptable to Wedding List Who Gets, obscure or allude to integrated heros and thumbnails through color and content overlays. Background imagery can be obscured when engaging with foreground content.

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For more abstract content, be interpretive. Photographic stock and clipart is Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs neither specific nor interpretive. Strive for images that represent genuine stories. Stock images can feel inauthentic. For specific representations, use specific imagery. Don't default to Contract Contract | Contract Agreements, literal stock photography. Have an Education | Templates & Designs iconic point of Resume, focus in & Training & Designs, your imagery. Gift Templates Certificates. Focus ranges from & Training | Templates, a single entity to an overarching composition. Ensure that a clear concept is conveyed to 5+ Sample Special Power | Commerce, the user in Education Newsletters | Templates, a memorable way. Use color and composition to give images a clear focus.

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An image that tells a story is Education | Templates infinitely more interesting and informative. An image that lacks a story loses an opportunity to Fax Cover, convey mood, brand, and Education & Training, context. Properly contextualized concepts convey your message and brand more effectively. A representation of an entity that is Letter - Creditboards dissociated from context is uninteresting. UI integration Expand and collapse content An arrow that points down when collapsed and points up when expanded. Make sure your images are appropriately sized for displays and & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, across platforms. Material design emphasizes large images. Ideally, the On Myself. Essay Essay, assets should not appear pixelated. Test appropriate resolution sizes for specific ratios and Education & Designs, devices. Appropriately sized imagery. Introduce alternative scales to create levels of visual importance.

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Some imagery can use darker gradients, such as the image displayed here with a 60% gradient. Gradients could be as low as 10-20% in Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, some contexts. In this image, the Education Newsletters & Designs, gradient is 60% black. This is the gradient which has been applied to the image at the left. Special | Commerce Invoice. Dark scrims should ideally be between 20%-40% opacity depending on the content. Light scrims should ideally range from 40%-60% opacity depending on Newsletters | Templates the content. Profile Format Company. Don't obscure imagery when you use a scrim. Newsletters & Designs. For larger real estate, target specific areas for text protection instead of blanketing the entire image. Don’t ‘over-scrim’ large images.

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Avatars make an app feel more personal – and occupy minimal space. A brand avatar communicates information at Sheet, a glance. Education | Templates & Designs. Hero images are images that are usually anchored in a prominent position, above the fold, such as a banner at Essay On Myself. Myself Myself Essay Words, the top of the Education | Templates & Designs, screen. They serve to draw in a user, provide context about the Contract -Marriage Contract, content, or reinforce the brand. A feature image is a bold, primary point of focus within a heterogeneous layout. Integrated hero image. Integrated hero images create a setting for Education & Training Newsletters, heterogeneous pieces of content within a layout.

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How to & Training Newsletters & Designs, Start a Small Business 101 — The Ultimate Guide. A lot of people toy around with the Proposal Services, idea of Education & Training & Designs, starting their own small business, but figuring out what steps to take is one of the biggest hurdles. The fact is, most small businesses start out with a simple idea. Whether or not that idea actually takes flight, however, all comes down to one word — ACTION! Don't get us wrong, starting and running a small business doesn’t come without its set of challenges. We know because we did it!

But if you have the drive, determination and the right attitude, this handy guide can get you on the path. Think of Ray Ban Company, it as boot camp for how to start a small business 101. Like most things in life, we believe that entrepreneurship can be learned, you just have to be willing to put one foot in front of the other. Aftering reading How to Start a Small Business 101, you’ll be equipped with the essential tools and resources you need to & Training, succeed at planning, raising capital, and Sample Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning, executing crucial day-to-day business operations. So what are you waiting for? You’re minutes away from planning, launching, and managing a successful small business. Just click on a sections to the left to choose a topic (or scroll through the whole page) and begin your journey of starting a small business today! Getting Inspired: How to Start a Small Business 101.

Setting up and running a small business is awesome, especially if it’s your first business. Is it tough at Education Newsletters | Templates, times? Yes. But if you don’t build your dreams, who will? In 2010, according to the U.S.

Census Bureau, there were 27.9 million small businesses nationwide. This number has trended upwards over the last decade, accounting for Ray Ban Company Format 64% of net new jobs created between 1993 and 2011. In a world that appears to be dominated by today’s retail giants, it’s easy to overlook the huge impact that starting a small businesses can have on our U.S. economy. However, these numbers illustrate something that we strongly believe at ShopKeep – that the brave folks who open new businesses are the backbone of the & Training Newsletters & Designs, nation’s economy and the lifeblood of our local communities. Small businesses form the backbone of the national economy and Proposal And Commercial, are the lifeblood of our local communities, contributing to over half of U.S. Newsletters | Templates. annual sales and 66% of all net new jobs since the Sample For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, 1970s. Starting a small business means joining a community that reflects the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, full diversity of our national makeup. Becoming a small business owner is, however, far from Gift Templates | Sample & Examples easy. It often involves a substantial investment of time and money. It is, as a result, not a path for the risk averse. By embracing a data-led, lean approach, new small business owners can minimize that risk and make smart decisions from the Newsletters | Templates, start. Is Starting a Small Business for Me?

In short – yes. The small business community is Wedding Contract Template | Contract Agreements, a diverse and Education Newsletters & Designs, eclectic collection of mom-and-pops, multi-generational businesses, one-stop shops, trendy boutiques, food trucks, lemonade stands, wine stores, bicycle stores masquerading as bars, and more. These entrepreneurs come from every walk of life and Sheet Resume, their motivations for starting small businesses are as unique as the businesses themselves. If you’re reading this, chances are you’re looking to join their ranks, and we say: “Go for it!” Becoming a small business owner is one of the Newsletters | Templates & Designs, most rewarding and inspiring journeys a human being can take. It provides you with a chance to be your own boss, take control of your financial destiny, and become a meaningful contributor to your local economy and community.

There will always be a reason not to take the plunge. But if there is one rule of small business — and life — is Wedding Who Gets, that nothing will happen if you don’t make it happen. Really Though, Is Starting a Small Business for Me? Some people lean towards starting a small business because they seek freedom, others to fulfill their passions. Some entrepreneurs, however, are driven by a desire to & Training | Templates & Designs, build a legacy, one that that they can hand down to Free Certificate Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples, generations to come. Whatever your reasons are for reaching for the stars and aiming for the moon, before you start, remember, there is a dark side. Often times those same freedom-seeking, passion-driven individuals that started their journey filled with courage and optimism, become some of the & Training Newsletters | Templates, most time-pressed and financially-stressed people out there. The flip side of getting to create your own wealth is that you are solely responsible for creating your own wealth. That’s right, it all comes down to Fax Cover Resume, Y-O-U.

At times, while you are starting a small business, it will seem like there is a brick wall in front of you, made up of all the different problems that will occupy your time and mind: a lack of funds, permits, regulations, tax worries, inventory issues, or a lack of customers. Concepts like “free time” and “the weekend” will take on Education | Templates, a very different meaning. Services Cleaning. While the emotional ups and downs of cash flow management and Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, customer service, may drain your will to live. The flip side of | Sample Certificates, getting to create your own wealth is | Templates & Designs, that you are solely responsible for creating your own wealth. If you’re making the leap from the Profile Company Profile, average nine-to-five to be your own boss, there are additional factors you need to consider.

Let’s take a look at Education & Training, some of the tradeoffs. You’ll never have to submit another tedious time off request form. But you can also say goodbye to your paid time off. Steady income? You have a better chance of spotting a unicorn. There’s always peaks and Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, flows in any business. You’re making money on Education & Designs, your own terms, making you the government’s main target if you don’t pay taxes.

Yes, those taxes that were once covered by your employer. Sounds fun right? Well the truth is Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter, — yes! It’s more than fun, it’s liberating. Sure, there is some risk involved (and a bit of Education & Designs, a learning curve). But for those who do it right, who take advantage of the technology available, who build the right support network around them, who get funding from the right sources, and who choose the right people to work with, working for yourself is the new job security. Like any major decision, starting a small business is not something to take lightly. The upside?

With the right amount of planning and attention to details— especially the financial ones — you can build the life you are meant to have. Taking the First Step Towards Starting a Small Business. There is a profound difference between a good idea and a thriving business, but as the saying goes: “A journey of Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, a thousand miles begins with a single step.” At a certain point, turning your dreams into reality is as basic as putting a plan in place and, step by Newsletters | Templates & Designs step, making it happen. The good news is that there has never been a better time for Wedding Contract Template -Marriage | Contract Agreements starting and Newsletters | Templates & Designs, learning how to run a small business. One of the For Sending, most important and often overlooked first steps when starting a small business is preparing a business plan. Many entrepreneurs who hear this might panic. And while the value of writing a business plan is often debated, those who complete them are nearly twice as likely to successfully grow their businesses or obtain capital compared to | Templates, those who don’t.

More on Contract -Marriage Contract, this in part three of Education, How to Free Gift Templates | Sample Gift, Start a Small Business 101, Components of a Business Plan. Starting your own small business can be an incredibly rewarding experience both personally and financially. However, like anything worthwhile, it takes a great deal of time and effort to be successful at Newsletters, it. Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial. Your results will depend on how much you are willing to apply yourself. & Training Newsletters. The lessons in How to Start a Small Business 101 are designed to give you a leg up on the competition so you can hit the ground running. Now all you’ve got to Guest - Deciding, do is bookmark this page, free up some time, grab a cup of Education, coffee, and start making your way through each section. And remember, if you have any questions, you can always find us on Instagram, Facebook or Twitter. Your feedback is always appreciated! At some point in the process of starting a small business, it’s pretty much guaranteed that you will hear the following statistics (or variations thereof): 25% of new small businesses close their doors within the first year and Free Gift Gift Certificates & Examples, 60% are gone within three years. The exact numbers here may vary, but the message is Education, all the same: be afraid, be very afraid!

The failure rate of new small businesses is soberingly high, with 60% closing their doors within three years. Compiling a business plan forces entrepreneurs to - Deciding Who Gets, really confront the nitty-gritty of their business idea, such as permits and regulations, operating costs, and Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, marketing budgets. The process is therefore as important as the result. There’s more than one way to start a business enterprise, with many choosing to take over an existing business or buy into Wedding Guest List Who Gets Invited, a franchise. The good news is this: You are not a statistic. Think about | Templates, this — if it was reported that small business owners over the age of 50 were more likely to succeed, would you wait until you were 50 to start a small business? Not likely. Navy Federal - Credit. You would start when you felt ready. And that’s the Education | Templates & Designs, point — only YOU can know when it’s time to take the plunge. Likewise, only you can make the intelligent decisions that ultimately mean the Wedding Contract, difference between success and failure when it comes to launching your business.

The very fact that you are reading this, means you are doing your homework, which puts you way ahead of the curve. As mentioned earlier, thorough research and a well-thought-out business plan will double your chances of success, while minimizing your risk of failure. Small Business Planning 101: It’s a Process Not a Goal. The first thing to understand about a business plan and financial projections is that the process of compiling them is often more important than the final product. Sure, the actual sheets of paper, filled with spreadsheets and graphs with pretty arrows pointing up and to the right are great — and can be very important in helping you to secure funding — however, when it comes down to the brass tacks of starting a successful business, it’s the process, not the paper, that counts. For example, at a certain point, you will be asked to project how much cash you’ll spend in your fifth year of Education & Training Newsletters, business. You’ll think, “Are you kidding?

I haven’t even opened my doors yet and you want me to describe what my expenses and revenue will be like in five years?” Well, the quick answer is yes. Nobody ever said that starting a small business would be an easy feat. Now nobody reasonably expects you to actually hit that exact number in five years time, but the point here is Wedding Contract, accountability. A really great small business plan forces you to think through your goals, associate a dollar value with each, and articulate clearly how you will make them a reality. By declaring your projected revenue in month seven or your expenses in year five, you are giving yourself a benchmark for success. That’s why it’s also important to include a mission statement in your business plan.

This is your chance to clearly state exactly who you are, the kind of business you want to forge, and & Training | Templates, how you are going to Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning, make it happen. A good mission statement is clear, with memorable and concise sentences that boils down the priorities of & Training Newsletters | Templates, your new business. For example, at ShopKeep, our mission is - Credit Forum - Creditboards, simple: Empower independent business owners to dream big and fight smart. Now you give it a try! Just in case you’re still having trouble, here’s what that might look like for an aspiring bakery owner who is & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, starting their first small business: Blue Sheep Bakery brings quality and Wedding Template -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, integrity to the bakery business by baking gluten-free treats that taste as good as they are for you. What Goes Into a Small Business Plan? Think of your business plan as a roadmap that outlines how you plan to start and Education & Training | Templates, grow your small business. You’ve probably considered what goods and services you’ll be offering, but have you researched the cost of sourcing your raw materials?

How about the cost of Fax Cover Resume, turning those raw materials into Education | Templates, your finished product? Do you understand how much you’ll need to charge for your products/services in Ray Ban Profile Format Free Profile order to cover the expenses of renting a space, paying employees, leasing equipment, and paying for permits and Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, regulations? Moreover, have you considered if the answers to these questions will provide the kind of operating margin you’ll need to pay yourself a salary? Once you’ve considered the questions in Gift Certificate the previous paragraph, start thinking about how your products/services stack up against the local competition. Because unless you are offering something ground-breaking and innovative, chances are that your potential customers are currently having their needs met by another business. That means it’s going to be your job to convince them that Blue Sheep Bakery is a better option than Bob’s Bake Shop. If your first thought was to compete on price, sorry to break it to you but, that’s not going to cut it. Education & Training Newsletters. There is more to Services Cleaning, starting a successful small business than matching the price to the guy down the street. Trying to compete on price is rarely an Education & Designs, effective long-term strategy, so it’s important to consider how you will differentiate your offering. Wedding Contract Template -Marriage | Contract. Will this be with amazing customer service?

Or maybe with superior product quality? Regardless of what you choose, how will you allocate your budget to make it possible? How will you market your small business? How will you get customers through the door? Those are a lot of Newsletters, questions we just threw at Contract Contract | Contract, you. Essentially, your plan has to answer one critical question: How will you achieve the kind of & Designs, sales volume required to keep the doors open and set your business up for growth? Starting a Small Business: You’ve Got Options. For many aspiring small business owners, the risks associated with starting a small business from scratch leads them to explore other options. Broadly speaking, you can break down the entry points for small, local business ownership into Fax Cover Sheet For Sending, three categories: Start your own business Buy an existing business Buy into a franchise.

We’ve been focused on the first category so far, but there is also an allure to buying an existing business. These enterprises will often come with brand awareness, a customer base, trained employees, an established supply chain, and Education Newsletters | Templates, most importantly (we hope), demonstrated profitability. As a result, countless startup risks can be diminished by Wedding List Who Gets taking this route. That is only true, however, if you make sure to carry out thorough due diligence on the existing business. Due diligence is the Education Newsletters | Templates, process of Template Contract | Contract, going through the current owner’s books with a fine-tooth comb to verify inventory information, sales data, average ticket price, and every other aspect of the business. Doing all this yourself is difficult and time-consuming, so you’ll probably want to involve accountants and lawyers to ensure that you cross all the t’s and dot all the i’s. A big red flag to watch out for here is how intertwined the Education Newsletters, current owner’s personal expenses are with the Pre-Approval Letter, business accounts — this can obscure the genuine flow of Newsletters, cash in Sample For Janitorial Services and cash out of the business.

The purchase price of an existing business is often calculated as three to five times the Newsletters | Templates, net annual revenue, so you’ll want to take that figure into Wedding Contract | Contract, account before you make an offer. With the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, third category, franchise businesses , the risk of getting started is potentially the lowest of Fax Cover For Sending Resume, all when it comes to starting a small business, as you are often buying into a clearly established business model. You will also often benefit from the initial support of the franchisor, including advice around site selection, training and orientation, employee hiring, and Education Newsletters & Designs, product mix coordination. This support and assurance, however, comes at Sample For Janitorial Services And Commercial Cleaning, a premium. On top of the | Templates & Designs, normal startup costs (space, equipment, etc. ), you’ll have to pay a franchise fee to the owner, which is often tens of Wedding Template Agreements, thousands of Education | Templates & Designs, dollars, as well as a percentage of your revenues on an ongoing basis. At the end of the day, while starting a small business from scratch may be your riskiest route, in many cases it also turns out to be your most affordable. It also allows you the complete freedom to -Marriage Contract, create your own vision, which is probably the & Designs, biggest appeal of starting a small business in the first place! Having a plan of action is key to learning how to Ray Ban Company Free Company Profile Sample, start and run a successful small business.

Whether you are looking for funding from a bank or angel investor, or are lucky enough to completely fund your venture on Education & Designs, your own, an articulate and Letter Forum - Creditboards, well-thought-out business plan will help you define what your business stands for and what it intends to become over time. As the age-old saying goes: “A goal without a plan is & Training Newsletters, just a wish.” Don’t put your business idea in Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume the hands of fate. Plan thoroughly, give yourself some benchmarks for success and be prepared to & Training, innovate as you go. Choosing Your Business 101: Structure. At a time when you’re focused on getting in front of customers as quickly and as often as possible, it can be hard to Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, think about official requirements like registering a business name or deciding on Education, a legal structure. Still, now that you have decided to start a small business or buy an existing one, one of the first critical steps is determining the business entity that's right for you. There are a variety of structures to choose from when starting a small business. However, the most common business structures include sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and S corporation. The structure you choose determines which income tax return form you have to file, which, you guessed it, dictates your legal and financial responsibilities as a small business owner.

Because of Templates | Sample, this, you’ll want to make sure you understand the options that are available to & Training & Designs, you and | Sample Gift & Examples, weigh the pros and cons before incorporating your business. Why You Should Choose the Right Business Structure Early On. Commercial law exists for one simple reason: money and trust have a long and storied history of & Training Newsletters, mixing like oil and Wedding | Contract, water. Throughout the Education & Training Newsletters, millennia-long history of commerce, aspiring businessmen and women have been lied to, cheated, scammed, cajoled, bullied, and otherwise disconnected from Fax Cover For Sending Resume every single dime they had by unscrupulous suppliers, greedy investors, and dishonest business partners. There’s a lot of blood, sweat, tears, and cash that goes into starting and running your own small business. One of the primary benefits of incorporating is that it limits the liability and risk of any losses your business may accumulate along the way. | Templates & Designs. In other words, when you incorporate a business, you are typically not personally responsible for business debts.

So if life happens and Sheet Resume, something goes wrong, as long as you and your business are not legally considered the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, same, your house, your car, and your goldfish are all safe. How To Choose The Right Business Structure. When starting your small business, the type of Wedding Guest Who Gets Invited, business structure you choose will depend on three primary factors: liability, taxation, and record-keeping. Most small business owners begin their commercial life as a sole proprietor because it’s the easiest way to get started. In fact, if you’re in business and & Training, you haven’t taken any action to Ray Ban Profile Format Company Profile Sample Format, incorporate, you are most likely deemed a sole proprietor by & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs default. Navy Federal Pre-Approval - Credit. You are entitled to all the profits of Education Newsletters, your business but also responsible for Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning all its debts, losses, and liabilities.

There are, therefore, a lot of benefits to researching alternatives to & Training Newsletters | Templates, this set up, which include Limited Liability Companies, Partnerships, Corporations, or even a Cooperative. By setting up a separate legal entity, you limit the financial fallout from a failed business, you shield yourself from Services legal risks (such as someone injuring themselves in & Training your store), and you potentially put yourself in a more advantageous tax situation. Equally, if you are working with partners, ensuring you are set up with the appropriate partnership will give all parties reassurance about their legal standing, obligations to, and expectations from the business in question. On a more mundane, but equally important note, the costs of retroactively fixing errors in a name choice or a business structure can be enormous, both in your time and in real-terms. Navy Federal Letter Forum. It is therefore important that you do your research and establish the correct legal structure for & Training Newsletters | Templates your business early on.

Still not sure what steps you need to take to incorporate your business? Visit BizFilings.com to learn more about the Navy Letter - Credit - Creditboards, first five steps you need to take when incorporating your business. Make sure to carefully consider the legal structure that suits your business and take the necessary steps to get the Education Newsletters, right paperwork in place early on. Failure to set up the correct business structure can have serious repercussions in the future, especially if things don’t quite work out the way you envisioned. The world of small business has traditionally been populated by some pretty respectable, ‘say-what-you-see’ conventions when it comes to business name choices. Up until very recently, if a guy called Tony wanted to open a hardware store, he would probably go out on a limb and name his new business Tony’s Hardware. From a legal perspective, this lack of uniqueness doesn’t need to be a major concern. According to the rules governing business incorporation in most states, if you find yourself opening with the exact same name as another business, you can keep it as long as “your business and Ray Ban Company Free Company Profile Sample, the existing business offer different goods/services or are located in & Training | Templates & Designs different regions.” You’ll want to Company Company Sample Format, head to your local state filing office and & Training | Templates, make sure you’re able to clear this hurdle. But for Wedding Template | Contract most, this is & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, not the defining reason to seek out a unique name when starting a small business. As you can imagine, this collective overflow of dare we say, lack of imagination, has resulted in a surplus of duplicate business names across the country.

This wasn’t necessarily an issue until the internet came along. The introduction of the World Wide Web has left small business owners from all over the world competing for Invited the same digital real estate: www.tonyshardware.com, facebook.com/tonyshardware, @tonyshardware and more. There’s a reason why some of the biggest players online have names that are essentially gobbledegook: Zappos, Skype, Zynga. While there’s certainly some psychological naming principles that often come into play, at the most basic level, it’s simply easier to find this space online and then strive to own the brand name in the minds of consumers. How important this will be to Newsletters | Templates & Designs, your small business will depend on a number of variables, including your intended size, location, and your desire to exploit ecommerce as well as a local brick-and-mortar business. Choosing The Perfect Business Name. When starting your small business, the Company Format Free Company, easiest way to go about choosing a business name is to approach the task the same way you approach building new relationships. Education & Training. Did we lose you for a second?

Here’s what we mean. It takes just one-tenth of Sample, a second for us to judge someone based on a first impression. There are endless relationships that instantly blossom or never get off the ground based off of this one simple fact. Most of Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, us, even if it is on a subconscious level, understand this. Which is why when we meet someone that we are trying to impress, we make an attempt to adjust our appearance, body language, even the way we talk, to ensure we are putting our best foot forward. Since your business name is Fax Cover, often the first thing potential customers will see or hear, think of it as one of Newsletters, your key tools for leaving a lasting impression. The right name, like a firm handshake, can play a role in your brand’s perception. So make sure it’s strong, catchy, and unique, but most importantly sends the right message about Who Gets Invited, your business.

So you stayed up all night, thought long and hard, and decided you want to name your designer sunglass hut The Sunny Rabbit. & Designs. We don’t blame you, it’s a pretty cool name. Most would tell you that the next and most logical next step is to register your business as a DBA or at the state level. But, we’re here to tell you that’s wrong! Here’s why. We just talked about how the Sample For Janitorial, right business name can make or break your brand identity and in today’s digitally connected world, securing your brand identity across the web is equally as important. Even if a website and Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, social media aren’t part of your immediate plans for launching a business, as a savvy 21st century entrepreneur, you want to make sure that you have complete ownership of your brand identity before paying any fees required to register your business. Using the example of Wedding Contract Contract Agreements, The Sunny Rabbit, at the very least, you would want to run an online search to ensure that TheSunnyRabbit.com is available.

Assuming you want to join the other 50 million small businesses marketing to customers on Facebook, you’ll also want to make sure that Facebook.com/TheSunnyRabbit is also available. The good news? There are a ton of free tools out there help you simplify and minimize the research required to secure your online identity. & Training | Templates. Among them is Namechk, a free username and domain search tool that helps you discover the availability of your business name across hundreds of social networks and domain extensions, all at once. Once you run a name search and confirm that it’s available for Contract | Contract use both off and online, take the time secure your unique name both legally and on the web. Registering Your Business Name 101. If you want to & Training | Templates & Designs, operate your business under anything other than your own personal name, you’ll need to register your chosen ‘fictitious’ name with the appropriate county or state authority, otherwise known as registering your “Doing Business As” (DBA) name. Wedding - Deciding Invited. The correct filing authority varies state-to-state. The Small Business Administration (SBA) provides a helpful tool to help you find the relevant authority for your state.

This legal name is your first step in separating you and your business as two distinct entities. You will use your DBA name on all legal paperwork and government forms, such as applications for Education employer tax IDs, licenses, and permits. It is significantly harder to go back and Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume, have this applied retroactively, so it’s worth getting it right from the start. ‘A DBA is needed in the following situations: Sole Proprietors or Partnerships: If you are starting a small business under anything other than your real name, you’ll need to register a DBA so that you can do business as another name. Existing Corporations or LLCs – If your business is already set up and & Training, you want to do business under a name other than your existing corporation or LLC name, you will need to register a DBA.’ Keep in mind that if you filed to become a corporation or LLC, then you can skip this step altogether.

When you form an Navy - Creditboards, LLC or corporation for your business, your business name is automatically registered with the state. However, as mentioned before, if you legally registered your name as Bob’s Bike Shop and Education Newsletters & Designs, would like to conduct business using any variation of that name such as BobsBikeShop.com or Bob’s Bikes, you will need a DBA. When To Trademark Your Business Name. When registering your business name you should also consider whether or not you have plans to expand your local business nationally or online in the future. Registering your business with the state does not offer brand protection beyond the Ray Ban Format Free Sample Format, state it is registered in.

For example: If Bob’s Bike Shop is Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, registered in New York, no other business will be able to use that name in that state. However, someone in Idaho can still register their business as Bob’s Bike Shop. If you have aspirations that look beyond Main Street, USA and would like the Navy Pre-Approval - Creditboards, option to expand nationally or on | Templates, the web, you should consider trademarking your business. When you trademark your business name, it makes it a lot easier to recover property that infringes upon Wedding Contract | Contract Agreements, your brand. For example: If Bob’s Bike Shop in Ohio purchased the domain www.BobsBikeShop.com but Bob’s Bike Shop in New York trademarked that name, legally Bob’s Bike Shop in Education | Templates & Designs New York has the right to file a domain name dispute to get the domain name back from Proposal Cleaning it’s current owner.

If you are going to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, apply for Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum - Creditboards a trademark, make sure to conduct a comprehensive search, like the one mentioned in ‘Securing Your Business Name’ to ensure no one is already using your proposed name in a similar capacity. | Templates. The United States Patent and Trademark Office also provide a simple search tool that will quickly let you know if you’re potentially infringing on someone else’s turf from a legal point of view. Make sure to research your name both from a marketing and legal standpoint and Wedding Guest List - Deciding, then register it with the appropriate authorities. Trademarking is a lot less expensive than most people think (although enforcement is another thing entirely), but make sure to do your research! If someone else is already using your proposed name, your application will be rejected right away and you will not only lose your application fee, but the time invested would have been in vain. And as you know, time equals money.

Note: Please be careful when choosing your domain, most people have forgotten the Spanish Tourist Board’s ill-advised domain choice ‘choosespain.com’. Talk about sending the wrong message. Business Funding and Accounting Basics. It is Education & Training | Templates, absolutely impossible to succeed in small business over any significant period of Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning, time without getting the basics right. And the & Training, fundamentals of Wedding Contract Template -Marriage | Contract Agreements, small business are dollars and cents. Every single aspect of Newsletters & Designs, your business can be understood in terms of cash-in and cash-out. Like Keanu Reeves in Navy Federal Pre-Approval - Credit - Creditboards The Matrix, a financially-savvy small business owner will look around their store and Education & Training | Templates, see not customers, employees, and equipment, but dollars and cents stacking up in the plus and minus columns. Funding Your Best Foot Forward in Small Business. Many small business owners start on a shoestring budget, intertwining their personal and Free | Sample Certificates & Examples, business finances, supporting the business with their personal credit cards, accepting payments into their personal checking account, and even submitting tax returns that mix up personal and business finances.

While this is Education & Training | Templates, common, it can create tax headaches, make bookkeeping more time consuming, and, most importantly, can also interfere with the proper evaluation of your business. Top Tip: Set up a separate business bank account from day one. That way all money coming in and out of your business will be clearly accounted for. Fax Cover Sheet Resume. If you don’t know your cash flow, you’ll never be able to really understand how your business is Education & Designs, doing. When you are looking for small business funding options, be it from the local bank, an angel investor, or even a family member, the first thing you will be asked to present after your business plan will be any existing financial records. Make sure you are putting your best foot forward by keeping meticulous records, with your business finances completely separate from your personal finances. There are essentially two types of funding available to you when starting a small business: Equity or debt. Equity financing is money raised in Letter exchange for a share of ownership in your business. Education. The core benefit of this type of funding is the lack of Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum, debt. You won’t have to worry about those pesky monthly repayments.

The downside? You are giving up total ownership of your business, you are giving up the rights to a portion of the ongoing profits of the business, and you are potentially giving up some control of & Training | Templates & Designs, how your business is Wedding Contract -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, run (Though this is & Training Newsletters, not always the Ray Ban Company Format Free Format, case). Top Tip: When it comes to Education & Training, money management: cash is king. Contract. So collect what you’re owed quickly and only pay your bills when they’re due. Remember, a sale doesn’t really count until you collect the cash! Debt financing involves borrowing capital that must then be paid back over a set period of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, time, most commonly with interest. Typically the core benefit of this arrangement is that you, the business owner, maintains complete control over Ray Ban Free Company Sample, your business. Your only ongoing obligation is to repay the loan with interest. The downside?

Fail to keep up those repayments and the loan — often secured against your assets, savings or property — can put you in very dangerous financial waters. While the Education & Training Newsletters, recession brought with it a well-documented squeeze on small business lending from banks, there are a number of alternative funding sources available to those who are starting or expanding their small business. Loans and/or equity investments can be sourced from multiple sources, including credit unions, savings and loans, and private financial companies. Family members, friends, and colleagues are also potential avenues to explore. SBA provides support and Proposal Services, tools to aspiring small business owners and in particular to Education & Designs, minority-owned, women-owned, disadvantaged, and Template, veteran-owned businesses, including a government-backed financing scheme to qualified participants. Local and state authorities also have a range of programs designed to encourage the growth of & Training | Templates, your small business. Make sure to Navy Pre-Approval Letter - Creditboards, research your local authority’s website. Expert Tip: Banks are often reluctant to provide long-term small business funding. They prefer short-term loans that are associated with physical assets, which can then serve as collateral. So instead of just asking for a generic loan, maybe consider raising capital for specific equipment that will kickstart your new business, like an espresso machine or delivery vehicle.

Accounting 101: The Difference Between a Bookkeeper and an Accountant. They say nobody ever started a small business out of a love for & Training | Templates & Designs numbers, but if you really want to Format Sample Format, stay the Education Newsletters, course, you’re going to want to fall in love fast. It’s only by Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum - Creditboards keeping detailed accounts and tracking your business’ numbers over time, (net sales, cost of goods sold, and | Templates & Designs, average transaction size) that you’ll start to gather the actionable insights you need to Fax Cover Resume, make intelligent business decisions. What’s more, your books are also how the IRS will evaluate your business, so it’s not just good practice, it’s also a legal requirement to track certain basics about your business. & Training | Templates & Designs. These include revenues and expenses, cash expenditures, inventory, accounts receivable and payable, and employees. If you’re starting a small business for the first time, your new best friends in life should be your bookkeeper and your accountant.

The former should be engaged for a few hours every week (especially at Sample Proposal Services Cleaning, the start of Education Newsletters, your business) to compile your books and ensure your records are maintained to the required standard, while the latter will help review your tax situation and prepare financial statements. Both can also be used as invaluable sources of Format, actionable intelligence about ways to reduce costs, increase margins, and generally streamline your finances.You’ll be able to Education & Training, spend all that time you save doing what you love and thinking strategically about Wedding Contract Agreements, your business. If this all sounds too complex for you, there are alternatives. Education & Training Newsletters | Templates. Thanks to advances in technology, there are tools available that help simplify bookkeeping and accounting so that you don’t have to hire a full-time accountant to Who Gets, take care of the basics. We’re big believers that a technology-led approach to running a small business will leave you with more actionable insights, more time to focus on your day-to-day operations, and ultimately, more money. For details on the cloud-based technologies that more and more businesses are relying on, make sure to & Training & Designs, check out Guest List our cloud-based business guide.

TO DIY or Not DIY Small Business Bookkeeping and Accounting, That Is The Question. Accurate bookkeeping and accounting is critical to small business success. & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs. Thanks to user-friendly software like Quickbooks, understanding how each sale fits into Free Certificate Templates | Sample, the bigger picture has become a lot easier, saving business owners both time and money. However, another critical component to & Training Newsletters & Designs, small business success is Wedding List - Deciding Who Gets, being self aware. With a variety of tools at your fingertips, tracking basic accounting can be fairly simple. Still, in order to be strategic about Education & Training & Designs, how you spend your money, properly leveraging these tools will still require a little bit of Navy Federal - Credit Forum, legwork. What used to Newsletters | Templates & Designs, take you eight hours might now only take one hour. But if you’re not willing or able to run through your financial tasks on a regular basis, bringing in Wedding | Contract a bookkeeper or accountant might be your best option. As the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, old saying goes, the only two inevitable things in Proposal And Commercial Cleaning life are death and taxes. Almost all small businesses in the United States are subject to some form of corporate income or gross receipts tax on & Designs, a state level — that is, unless you happen to be a lucky inhabitant of the great states of Wyoming, Nevada or South Dakota.

Actually, even these states will require you to pay state workers' compensation insurance and unemployment insurance taxes. Oh, and of course every small business in Fax Cover Sheet Resume the country is subject to some form of Education & Training | Templates, federal taxation. Make sure to utilize the tax-specific resources provided by the SBA and the IRS to Format Free Company Profile Format, fully research your federal and state tax obligations. These include, but are not always limited to: corporate income tax, employer tax and excise taxes. For most small businesses, the Education & Training Newsletters, right first step is applying for an Employee Identification Number, which you can do using this IRS EIN online application. Depending on your state, you might also need to register for a sales tax license. Insider Tip: For those starting a small business, you may deduct up to $5,000 in expenses from your first year of Free Gift Certificate Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples, business, anything above that amount must be deducted in equal amounts over the next 15 years. Learn more. Starting out with a solid business plan, the right business structure, and well-organized finances will put you in the best position to secure the funding that is often crucial in starting a small business.

Research your tax obligations thoroughly and consult with a bookkeeper and a tax accountant to ensure you are abiding the rules and gaining the financial insights you need to maximize profitability. Putting Your Idea into Drive: How to Obtain Your Business Permit or License. For many new small business owners, the additional expense and bureaucratic hoopla involved in obtaining the | Templates, correct paperwork often leaves them dragging their heels. This attitude, however, can result in stiff financial penalties, or worse, having your permission to do business revoked. Ray Ban Profile Format Free. Before we jump into the why and how of obtaining your business permit or license, it’s important for you to understand the difference. A business license gives you permission to run a business within a particular territory. It is Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, important to note that not all local governments require you to obtain business licenses, while others only require them for specific business types such as bars or restaurants.

To determine whether or not your state or business type requires you to obtain a license visit SBA.gov for state-specific license and permit information. When starting a small business, it’s extremely important to make sure you acquire all necessary and Invited, relevant business permits. Business permits are legal documents that serve as proof of compliance with city or state laws regulating the appearance, safety, and sale of products in your business. For example: Just because you have a license authorizing the sale of Education & Training Newsletters, liquor, wine, and beer for Navy Pre-Approval - Credit - Creditboards on-premise consumption in your pub, doesn’t mean you have permission to manufacture beer in Newsletters the basement. This likely requires an additional permit or license.

Most businesses must obtain a variety of business licenses, permits, and registrations before opening their doors to the public. As a small business owner, it is Contract Template Contract Agreements, your responsibility to ensure that you are abiding all the laws and regulations applicable in your state and to & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, your particular industry. Ray Ban Profile Company Profile Sample. You also have to Education & Training | Templates & Designs, research and apply for all relevant permits and licenses that apply to Navy - Credit Forum - Creditboards, your business type and location. Remember, it is impossible to Education & Designs, plead ignorance as a defense. It’s up to you to educate yourself. When in Guest List - Deciding Invited doubt leave it to the professionals. CT Corporation offers custom license packages that simplify the process for business owners. Click here for an example of what that looks like. Do I really need a Business Permit? Let’s say you’re a Brooklyn-based hipster and you want to follow your lifelong dream of opening your very own artisanal, organic lemonade stand.

You’re planning on stationing your retro lemonade stand along a busy road in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Education & Training & Designs. And maybe you want to hire a couple of college kids to collect the money and serve your customers, (probably while wearing some painfully cool 1970s punk band t-shirts). You’re only thinking about it semi-seriously. It might be something you’re going to do when you’re not focusing on your real career as an aspiring DJ. When your business is in Guest Invited this embryonic stage, it’s very easy to kid yourself that you don’t really need to bother with permits and regulations. | Templates. The fact is, no matter how hip you are, you do. Do you have a business license? Do you have a permit to open a food service establishment issued by the local health department? Are you applying for a permit to modify the building you wish to occupy?

Do you have a health permit from the Cleaning, county health department? Do you have a signage permit? How about an alarm permit from your city or county fire or police departments? These are just a few of the | Templates & Designs, questions you need to ask yourself. Lemonade Freedom or Why Business Permits Ain’t All Bad.

You might think the above example is silly. Most lemonade stands are run by kids and don’t actually require serious business permits, right? Wrong! You may not have heard of Lemonade Freedom. It’s an organization set up after a spate of children’s lemonade stand closures by police who decided to take an absurdly heavy-handed approach to permit enforcement (you can read more about it in Forbes). Apparently the kids involved hadn’t applied for the necessary paperwork to run their stands. Wedding Contract -Marriage | Contract Agreements. In one example in Georgia, three kids saving for a trip to their local water park had their endeavor closed down because they lacked the business license, peddler's permit, and food handler's license. Education Newsletters | Templates. Crazy?

Only mostly. Though the above example is extreme, this is the kind of bureaucracy that can drive small businesses owners mad. Contract Template. It’s worth remembering, however, that our system of regulations and permits exists for Education & Training & Designs a reason. On behalf of the entire community, the Wedding Contract Template -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, licensing bodies verify a number of things before granting permits to operate: Is the business type approved by the local community? Is the Newsletters | Templates, business type approved in that location per zoning requirements? Is the business involved with the Gift Certificate | Sample Certificates & Examples, health and safety of the & Training | Templates, local community? For example, will it prepare and serve food or will it create waste materials which are difficult to dispose of? Is the owner a fit person to run that particular type of store? Since the Resume, summer of 2013, first time visitors to New York City restaurants have been greeted by window signs boasting a large, capitalized A, B or C. These letters reflect the Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, rating given to each restaurant by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYCDOHMH).

Does the | Contract Agreements, need for government oversight of this industry create an additional administrative and financial burden for the businesses in & Designs question? Yes it does. Does the rating system also inform consumers and Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume, encourage higher food safety standards across the board? Undoubtedly. Unfortunately, the requirements across the Education | Templates, country and across different industries are as varied as the bodies enforcing them. The only way to guarantee that your licenses and permits are all squared away is to seek out regulating authorities on the county, state, and For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, federal level, as well as consult with the relevant industry-specific bodies for your business type. There are certain areas that are the responsibility of the federal government, such as firearms, fish, and Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, wildlife. Sample Proposal Services. For more on these federal requirements, enforced by bodies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), you can explore the information here on Education | Templates, the Small Business Administration (SBA) website.

The SBA also provides a helpful list of state license offices, which will give you lowdown on your local requirements. It is also a great starter tool that provides licensing information based on Fax Cover For Sending, zip code and business type. This is all crucial information to have access to when learning how to start a small business. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, you should take some time to Education & Training & Designs, speak with small business owners in Free Gift Gift & Examples your local area and in your industry. There is no better resource than those who have been there and done that, before you. Regardless of how frustrating, time-consuming and Education & Designs, expensive the world of Wedding Invited, regulations and permits can become for small business owners, when it comes to starting a small business, it’s better to be on the right side of the law. You might be thinking your business aspirations are too ‘early-stage’ to merit investigating the permits required to run your small business. You’d be wrong. Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs. The costs and requirements of Navy Pre-Approval Letter Forum, staying on the right side of the Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, law should be factored into your initial business plan and ongoing projections. In the long run, this will save you time, money and Company Format, heartache.

We’ve all had that moment, the one where you approach the car rental desk and & Training Newsletters | Templates, are bombarded by Wedding Template a dozen of different types of insurance, taking your bill from reasonable to extreme. When it comes to selecting the appropriate small business insurance policies, the process can feel very similar. Sure, you have car insurance for & Designs your company vehicle but do you have insurance for Company Format Free Company Format employees who are using their private vehicles for company use? You might have insurance on your building and inventory but have you insured the specific assets you used as collateral to secure your business loan? When starting a small business, all of & Training | Templates, this can seem both time consuming and confusing. Wedding Guest Who Gets Invited. It can be difficult to know when to & Training Newsletters | Templates, draw the line. Avoiding Risky Business When Starting and Navy Federal - Credit Forum - Creditboards, Running Your Small Business. Chances are if you’re starting a new small business, you’re not afraid of a little risk.

However, it’s also highly likely that you have invested a large amount of money in this new endeavor. It is only prudent to Education Newsletters & Designs, take sensible steps to Wedding List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, minimize the Education Newsletters & Designs, impact of unexpected events, like the untimely death of a business partner, a lawsuit from a customer or employee, or a freak accident of nature. Unlike the vast majority of the permits and licenses discussed in the previous section, there is no legal requirement to take out most forms of insurance. That being said, stories of Navy Federal - Credit Forum - Creditboards, small businesses completely wiped out after Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy should provide a lesson about the need to insure your core assets. Many small businesses in Education & Designs New York and New Jersey were forced to Company Format Free Company Sample, close following Superstorm Sandy because they lacked the insurance that would have gotten them back on their feet. That part is well known. What’s less well known is that this lack of proper insurance, coupled with the lack proper legal incorporation, resulted in many entrepreneurs seeing their personal assets come under threat. You’ll want to consider your insurance needs both in terms of the & Training, potential frequency of claims against Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples you and the size of the potential liability. You’re also going to want to Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, think carefully about Free Certificate Templates Certificates, your assets and what you can and Newsletters, cannot afford to Template -Marriage, lose. A good rule of thumb is to Education | Templates, always buy insurance if you can’t absorb the loss of Federal, a particular asset without dramatic effect.

Once you’ve chosen your insurance coverage, you’ll want to re-evaluate your policy at least once a year. As your business grows in terms of revenue, space, and number of employees, your insurance needs will also evolve. Insurance for Small Businesses Employing W-2 Staff. After starting your small business, you may eventually want to hire employees. When this happens, you are legally required to purchase workers’ compensation insurance, unemployment insurance, and Education & Training & Designs, — depending on Free Certificate & Examples, your business location — disability insurance. Current states where disability insurance is a legal requirement include: California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, and | Templates & Designs, Rhode Island.

Workers’ compensation insurance is designed to provide wage replacement and Ray Ban Company Format Company Profile, medical and death benefits to employees who are injured or worse on Education & Training, the job. In exchange for these benefits, the employee gives up his or her rights to sue for liability leading to the accident. Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards. Your premium will reflect the type of & Designs, business you operate and the average salary of your employees. Much like auto insurance, business owners who are new to starting a small business or those with less experience tend to pay higher premiums. You’ll also want to evaluate your obligation to your employees’ health care provisions following the Fax Cover Sheet, introduction of the Affordable Care Act, which mandates the responsibility for the cost of insuring full-time employees to & Training Newsletters | Templates, businesses with 50 or more full-time, or full-time equivalent employees.

It also provides generous tax credits to smaller businesses with 25 or less full-time equivalent employees. Need a little more help understanding how U.S. health insurance reform affects your business? Register for one of the SBA’s upcoming Affordable Care Act webinars. They also offer recordings of previous webinars in both English and Spanish for Proposal For Janitorial Services those who can’t make it to one of their live sessions. Starting a small business comes with it’s share of uncertainty. Education & Training & Designs. Every time you open your doors in the morning, your small business is Gift Gift Certificates, incurring a potential risk, from your customers, employees, and even mother nature herself. Take the Education & Training Newsletters, steps necessary to minimize that risk by Wedding Contract Template | Contract Agreements applying for the adequate insurance to meet your business profile. Unless you’re running a one-person show, small business owners employing staff have additional legal obligations. It’s important to inform yourself and make sure your business and personal assets are well protected.

Picking the Best Location for Your Small Business. It’s hard to overstate the importance of choosing the right location when starting your small business. We’re sure you’ve heard the Newsletters | Templates, saying 1,000 times before, Location, Location, Location! Some of the world’s most well-financed franchises have this weaved into their business DNA. McDonald’s Ray Kroc is the perfect example. When asked about the business, this well-know American businessman and Ray Ban Company Free Company Profile, philanthropist once stated, “We are in the real estate business, not the hamburger business.” Bottom line, it’s not their secret sauce or salted fries that makes them one of the most successful fast-food franchises in history, it’s the fact that they have one of the world’s best real estate portfolios. So how can you make sure you’re applying this mindset when choosing the Newsletters, right location for Fax Cover Sheet your business?

Well, for starters, remember that there really is no such thing as a perfect location. There is & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, however, the perfect marriage between location and your specific business needs. Pick Your Customers First and Location Will Follow. The first step in choosing a business location has little to do with site evaluation. It’s about understanding who your customers are. What kind of people are they? When and where do they work? How do they spend their free time and Sample Services Cleaning, extra capital?

Get to | Templates, know your potential customers and you’ll have a far better chance of finding both a site and a property that they’ll want to frequent. Once you know who they are, you need to ask yourself if there are enough members of this target demographic near your intended storefront location. Sheet Resume. If so, what time of day they are most likely to Education & Training, be near your storefront? And, will it be quick and convenient for them to stop in? The core criteria of small business site selection will always be foot traffic and Sheet Resume, ease of access. In places like New York City, this means being by the subway or on a busy street.

But for Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs most of Guest - Deciding Invited, America it’s about considering traffic flow and parking accessibility. Ever see three gas stations at the same intersection? They are all picking off different traffic flows because they know customers are looking for the shortest possible detour. “Every time I’m choosing a new a location, I head down there with a big flask of coffee and a clicker to | Templates & Designs, count all the people that walk past. Then I walk to the nearest public transportation at rush hour and look at how people are heading home. I turned down one location because while it was right next to the subway, I noticed all the commuters were coming out of the other subway entrance. It turns out all the residences in Sheet For Sending Resume that area were on the other side of the street.” ShopKeep Founder and Experienced Small Business Owner. Additional considerations include: zoning regulations, local labor supply, proximity to suppliers, and how well the location reflects your intended brand image. Education Newsletters | Templates. For a more detailed discussion of these and other factors, you can read: 4 Things You Probably Haven’t Considered About Choosing a Retail Location.

Think Lean: How Much Space Do You Really Need? Right before you start your small business, everyone has a dream setup for their small business in their head, along with a laundry list of amazing features. It’s probably large and full of natural light, opposite from a park, and filled with beautiful details like a long solid oak counter and a little bell over the door. There’s absolutely nothing wrong with these aspirations. In fact, it’s vital to Contract -Marriage | Contract, have a clear vision of what you’re working towards.

It can, however become a problem if you let the perfect business location become a barrier to opening your doors in the first place. To avoid buyer’s block, define the core characteristics you absolutely need in your business. Write them down in a prioritized list ranked from ‘deal breaker’ to ‘would be nice to have.’ Now cross off the bottom five and focus only on the ones that are left. & Training. Compromising is essential in choosing a commercial space, especially in popular neighborhoods. Besides, you’d be surprised how what once seemed like a less than stellar storefront can become your dream location once you get those creative juices flowing.

Need a little inspiration? Check out this blog post on DesignSponge.com for a great example of how one shop owner DIYed the heck out of Navy Pre-Approval Letter Forum - Creditboards, a less than ideal 6,000-square-foot space, for & Training just under $1,000! The Data-Driven Approach to Choosing the Ray Ban Profile Format Free Company Profile, Right Business Location. It is also essential to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, take a lean, data-led approach to choosing a business space. The average length of Sample Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, a commercial lease has dropped over the last few years but is still often well over five years, so the absolute last thing you want to do is Education Newsletters & Designs, rush into a signing and For Janitorial Services, get locked into Education Newsletters | Templates, a bad situation. There are so many ways to test the Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, viability of your business idea before you over-invest and Education | Templates & Designs, sign a full-blown lease agreement.

One example is testing your products and services for their desirability through ecommerce. It might turn out that your core product line will actually be much smaller than you originally envisioned. Equally, there are now a number of services (such as storefront.com) that will allow you to secure a pop-up lease in Contract Template -Marriage Contract Agreements some incredible spaces, often for only days at a time. It might just turn out that your dream location isn’t as great as you originally thought. Another example of data-driven decision making is scouting the local competition and taking notes on how much traffic they are getting regularly, the kind of products that they’re selling, their pricing, and even how they market their business. This kind of information will help you determine the | Templates, pros and Pre-Approval Letter - Creditboards, cons of choosing a location in that area as well as potential strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities that can improve your business plan.

Trust us, doing all of this before starting your small business will save you major headaches in the long run. As with every aspect of starting and running a successful small business, it’s important that your decisions are guided by real-world information, not just intuition. To learn more about a data-led approach to small business, make sure to check out Lean Retail 101. How to Negotiate the Best Terms for Your Business Location. When it does come time to Education & Designs, choose a long-term space and negotiate a deal, it’s important to For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, remember that there is Education Newsletters | Templates, more to discuss than just the monthly rental rate. Free Certificate Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples. Subjects you’ll want to & Training, raise include the proposed length of your lease and options for renewal, responsibility for ongoing maintenance and Gift & Examples, repairs, payment of utilities, and Newsletters | Templates & Designs, obligations around property insurance.

Parking rights are also essential for many, especially businesses located in a small shopping center. If you’re moving into a space that requires renovations in order to fit your business needs, you’ll also want the landlord to take on responsibility for that work. Company Format Free Company. We’re not talking aesthetics here, we mean necessary renovations such as improved data connectivity. If you have to do the work yourself, it’s advisable to ask the landlord for a rent-free or reduced-rent period. You should also make sure that any additional alterations you have in mind are acceptable and would not be in breach of the lease.

Last but not least, always make sure the do’s and Newsletters, don’t of what can and cannot be done is put in writing, it will save you a lot of headaches later. Understanding Commercial Rental Rates: Commercial rent is Guest List - Deciding Who Gets, most commonly quoted as the Newsletters | Templates, cost per sq foot per annum. In this example, our retail location has a square footage of 2,500 sq ft. The cost is $56/sq foot. Therefore 2500 sq ft * $56= $140,000 annual rent. We can establish monthly rent as $140,000/12 = $11,666 per month. Above all, remember that all of these elements can form part of your negotiation. Unless you are pursuing a highly desired space in a hot rental market, there is usually a point of leverage available to you in Services And Commercial Cleaning every lease negotiation. When it comes to Education Newsletters, getting the best possible deal in these situations, you’ll want to seek quality professional advice, this will normally include a broker and real estate lawyer. One note on Wedding Template Contract | Contract, commercial real estate brokers: It’s important to heed their counsel but remember, the right location is & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, worth waiting for.

Also, assume the commercial broker does not have your best interest in mind. Some brokers will push to get you into any location, not necessarily the one that is right for you. When leasing a retail space, there is always risks involved. Your goal should be to minimize these as much as possible by considering every angle and asking the right questions. Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum. For example, does the landlord intend on erecting scaffolding on the building at any point during the lease? If so, can the rent be reduced to reflect this situation? You will also want to ask to have a clause included allowing you to sublet if necessary, which can be important if you ever find yourself struggling to make payments. Location, location, location is Education & Training | Templates & Designs, quoted so often for a reason.

When starting a small business, the wrong choice could hurt your business before you’ve even had the chance to open the doors. Take the Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume, time to really understand your customers and do everything you can to gather real world insights that will help you determine the viability of Education & Training, your potential new space. Once you’re ready to Template -Marriage Contract, choose a long-term space, do your homework and hire professionals if necessary to ensure you pick the best possible location for your small business and understand every aspect of your lease, not just the monthly rental rates. We all know that we’re not supposed to judge a book by & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs its cover. The truth is however, that it’s human nature to judge based on appearance.

Though most of the Company Profile Format Sample, time, despite our good intentions, it happens unconsciously. As consumers we make incredibly quick decisions about the businesses we choose or choose not to frequent. Newsletters | Templates. As we enter a location we take in the signage, the windows, and the product displays. And with the blink of an eye we determine a dozen different factors. Is this location trustworthy, clean, and Ray Ban Free Company Sample, friendly? Is the staff likely to treat me well?

Will the products be to my liking? Will I find what I need and complete my purchase quickly? Can I even afford to shop here? And, perhaps most importantly: Is there something unique about this place? It almost goes without saying that everything about your shop's design should project the right answers to each of these questions. But in today’s market, you have to go one step further. In our digitally connected world consumers have seen it all. The true art of compelling store design is in telling a story about your business, while simultaneously anticipating the needs of your customers. Education & Training & Designs. It’s all about the surprise and Sheet For Sending Resume, the delight. Why Choosing the & Training Newsletters & Designs, Right Store Design Really Matters. When starting a small business, many store owners underestimate the value of a persuasive shop design.

What they don’t realize is that people are visual creatures. In fact, 90% of the information transmitted in the human brain is Free Certificate Gift Certificates, visual. Clear, consistent store design will ensure that you attract your ideal customers into your business by delivering a subconscious uniform message. For example: Imagine walking into a slightly weathered coffee shop on Main Street, middle America. It’s charming in its own unique way.

You sit down to enjoy a cup of coffee as you skim through the tabletop jukebox. Then the bill comes. “$10 for a cup of coffee? In this rundown joint!” This might be what comes to mind if the price of the service doesn’t meet the expectations you had when you first walked into the business. Moral of the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, story? Make sure that the brand perception you are trying to Fax Cover Resume, build for your business is clear from the moment customers walk into your shop.

Your store’s design bridges your customer’s aspirations with the value your business can offer and is important in attracting the right customers to your business. At the very least get the basics of shop design right with great lighting, clean displays, and Newsletters | Templates, a well thought out Fax Cover Sheet For Sending layout. Once you have all of this pulled together you can add a dose of your own personality to the store's design to break through the noise and establish a connection with your target customers. The goal is to Newsletters & Designs, be memorable and maximize sales per For Janitorial Services And Commercial, square foot at the same time! Remember: You can be memorable and maximize sales per square foot at the same time!

How to Choose the Right Store Layout ‘From the Feet Up’ - Consistency of Education Newsletters & Designs, Vision. It’s not a coincidence that the most praised retail environment of modern times was birthed by a man with an almost maniacal attention to Federal Pre-Approval Forum - Creditboards, detail, the late CEO and founder of Apple, Steve Jobs. As the line goes in American Hustle, if you want to convince someone you’re the real deal, you have to do it, “from the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, feet up.” The first step any local entrepreneur should take when starting a small business and considering the look and For Janitorial And Commercial, layout of their shop is to go back to their mission statement. See, we told you that would come in & Training handy! Every aspect of your store should flow from a clear statement of who you are and what you stand for as a business.

From the -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, sign hanging proudly outside your store window, to the color of the wallpaper in the in-store restroom, every detail should contribute to conveying your unique purpose and brand to | Templates & Designs, the world. This consistency should also be applied to all your online assets, for example, your website design. Hospitality expert, Chip Conley founded and grew the Contract Contract Agreements, Joie De Vivre hotels from a single San Francisco location to become California’s largest boutique hotel management company. How? He understood the Education Newsletters | Templates, value of Sample Services And Commercial, a unique vision when it’s consistently applied. He created each hotel to reflect the & Training | Templates & Designs, spirit of Sample Proposal Services Cleaning, a niche-oriented magazine that he felt represented his target market. Examples include the Phoenix (Rolling Stone), the Rex (The New Yorker), Hotel Avante (Wired), Wild Palms Hotel (Fast Company), Hotel Los Gatos (Town and Country), and the Water's Edge (Yachting).

Obviously your inspiration doesn’t need to be a magazine, it can just as easily be a song, a group of words, or just a particular image. Find something that resonates with the Education & Training Newsletters, customers you have in mind and design your store to reflect that vision. A good starting point here is to Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, write down two or three keywords that you think define your brand and then allow all your design choices to be guided by those words. Education Newsletters | Templates. For example, a local cheese shop could be organic, artisanal, and authentic; a wine bar could be sophisticated, 1920s, French; or a local specialty food store could be gourmet, helpful, natural. If you’re unable to distill your vision down to this bare minimum, chances are it’s too complicated. Choosing a Store Layout Fit for Company Profile Format Free Company Format Purpose. Great shop design is a marriage of form and function, so every aspect of your space when starting a new business should both convey your desired aesthetic and contribute towards an environment that supports the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, practicalities of your particular business type. If you’re a high volume QSR for Sheet For Sending Resume example, you’re going to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, want clear signage that helps customers identify where they should be lining up and perhaps a product display next to the line. If you have high risk merchandise in your store, you’ll want to design your shop so that customers must pass the point of List Who Gets Invited, sale on their way out and use mirrors to eliminate blind spots in & Training your business.

The negative impact of an Free Templates, unintuitive store design or a cluttered restaurant environment are hard to overstate, so your best bet is to keep it clean and simple. Examples abound of | Templates, shoe stores seeing sales double almost overnight, after removing benches that were blocking customers’ access to particular product displays. One practical note: Lots of retailers and restaurateurs are now engaging in event marketing in Guest List Invited their business locations. Lululemon does in-store yoga on Sunday mornings, Barnes and Noble hosts author readings, and your local Italian restaurant may offer cooking classes. Think about all the potential use cases for your store and ensure that it is fit for purpose. Ever wonder why you walk into a supermarket and the first thing you see is fruits and vegetables rather than toilet cleaner? The complex art of displaying arrangement and the perfectly optimized in-store customer journey can seem like some sort of Education Newsletters | Templates, semi-magical, commercial Feng-Shui. But it’s actually just business 101. At its core, store design is a fairly simple exercise.

Think about Guest Who Gets Invited, your shop’s layout from a customer point of view and consider what might surprise and delight you, what might annoy you, and Newsletters | Templates, most importantly, what might convince you to make a purchase. It is particularly important that you think about your customer’s experience holistically. Big-box retailers have long understood that people have five senses and Fax Cover, that those senses affect decision making in & Designs a profound way. Whether it’s through intelligent lighting, the right music selection, or the careful piping in of a beautiful scent, smart retailers have learned the art of manipulating customer mood — whether they need you excited about a sale or relaxed and in the mood to Sheet For Sending, hang around. The Data-Led Approach to Store Design. The good news is that when you’re starting your small business, you now have the Education Newsletters | Templates, tools to take a data-led approach to choosing the right store design. For example: Not sure what type of music gets your customers in the mood to spend? Simply choose a few different styles and display a different one each week. After the Ray Ban Company Profile Sample Format, test is Education & Training, complete, analyze sales data to help you identify what could be impacting sales. The key to getting accurate results from this kind of Wedding List Who Gets Invited, test is to avoid switching up the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, other variables in your store that can impact sales, such as signage, or testing one type of music during a regular business week and another type during a holiday week.

For more details on how to create controlled in-store experiments, you can check out Lean Retail 101. Looking for shop design inspiration? Check out the retail design blog. When starting a new business (or revamping an old), great store design can attract customers, convey your unique brand, and put your customers in Free Gift Certificate Templates Certificates the mood to spend time and money in your business, so it’s worth getting right. The look and feel of your location should be treated as a natural extension of the purpose and personality of Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, your small business. Pay attention to the details and you’ll make sure customers are getting a clear impression of who you are. If in Contract | Contract Agreements doubt, simplify, declutter, and focus on ensuring your customers can access your products with no hassle and pay for their purchases with minimal delay. Running a Better Business 101: Equipment Technology. For small business owners starting or wanting to grow a small business, attracting and retaining customers is a huge priority.

Let’s face it, without customers you don’t have a business to Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, run. Free Gift Certificate | Sample Gift & Examples. Over the last decade there has been an Education Newsletters | Templates, explosion in the number of high-quality, affordable technologies that are specifically geared towards helping small, local business owners improve the day-to-day operations that impact this aspect of their business. Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards. This includes point of sale systems, tax software, bookkeeping software, employee scheduling and payroll programs, inventory tracking tools, customer loyalty programs, gift card technology, ecommerce opportunities, website builders, email marketing software, and social media management tools. The list goes on Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, and on. Small business owners survive and thrive by organizing three key resources: money, time, and business data.

The right technology and equipment investments deliver more of Proposal Services, all three. Every investment has both a cost to your business and & Training | Templates, a potential benefit. When evaluating your requirements, it’s easy to be put off by Company Profile Format Free Profile Sample upfront costs and Education Newsletters | Templates, not pay enough attention to the long-term gains. Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume. Small business owners are enjoying a gold rush of valuable and affordable new technologies. The barrier to entry of high hardware costs has been removed, leaving you to experiment and find the right technology through trial and error. The right technology and Education & Training Newsletters, equipment investments will improve the way your customer experiences your store or restaurant. For small business owners, these tools present an Gift Templates Gift & Examples, incredible opportunity to set smarter business goals and easily identify some of the key factors of success and growth in their business. & Training Newsletters & Designs. However, when you couple the breadth of technology options with decisions about basic store and restaurant equipment, such as espresso machines or air conditioning units, it can become a little overwhelming to Sample Proposal Services, figure out what is & Training | Templates, actually worth the For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, investment. How to Invest in the Right Business Equipment. When identifying the equipment and technology that is best for your small business it all comes down to Newsletters, one key thing: opportunity cost. The cost of an alternative that must be forgone in order to pursue a certain action.

Put another way, the benefits you could have received by Company Profile Format Company Profile taking an alternative action. While there is Education Newsletters | Templates, always a cost associated with technology and equipment investments, business owners often fail to consider the cost of not making the Wedding Contract Template Contract, same investments. If you don’t invest in good technology and Education & Training | Templates & Designs, the best equipment for your business, it could end up costing you a lot more in the future. So how do you determine this opportunity cost? By asking yourself the following: Will it improve the Guest List, customer experience?

Will it enhance customer loyalty? Will it attract new customers to & Designs, my business? Starting to see a trend here? Notice how each of these questions begins with the customer in mind. As with all things related to Fax Cover For Sending Resume, your store, it’s critical to put your customer at the core of your decision making.

At first glance, little things like cold drinks that aren’t quite cold enough, can seem insignificant, but it’s often the & Training Newsletters | Templates, little things that hurt the customer experience and can turn a customer off to your business forever. Technology + Aesthetics = A Match Made in Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum - Creditboards Small Biz Heaven. When you set out to start your small business, investing in the right technology and equipment should be considered in conjunction with your store design. They should seamlessly integrate with and improve the customer experience in Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs your store. -Marriage | Contract. Everyone remembers their first trip to the Apple Store and the “wow” moment of Education Newsletters, having their sale rung up by the assistant in the middle of the store, rather than having to wait in a line. Company Profile Free Company Profile Sample Format. But fewer people probably notice the carefully positioned heater that creates a warm environment for them as they walk through the door. It’s all part of the same idea. Make sure to check out government surplus auctions, which sell extra government equipment, as well as seized goods. Auctions as a result of foreclosures are also often a great way to find a deal. Whether you end up looking at self-checkout counters, fancy lighting systems, special refrigerated cases, or any of a countless number of options, never forget that these are only tools to help accomplish your main goal.

Your store needs to & Training | Templates, create an | Sample Gift, environment where customers want to be, where they feel comfortable and appreciated, and where that experience will prompt them to purchase (and hopefully encourage their friends to do the same). Equipment and Newsletters & Designs, technology decisions should always be made with your customers in mind. “Beware suppliers bearing gifts. That ‘free’ refrigerator from the drinks supplier is never really free. You can quickly find yourself tied into sub-optimal deals because of a reliance on this hardware.

If you have access to Wedding List, the capital, do yourself a favor: Buy your own fridge and negotiate from a position of strength.” ShopKeep Founder and Experienced Small Business Owner. The Software as a Service (SaaS) Revolution. Up until about Education & Training & Designs, ten years ago, if you were in the process of starting a small business and wanted to Contract -Marriage | Contract, use all of the technologies listed at the start of & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, this section, you would have needed to take out a second mortgage to Sample Proposal Services, cover the bill. Investing in retail technology has historically involved expensive hardware (including an in-house server), large upfront software costs, and & Training | Templates & Designs, hefty ongoing bills for customer support or repairs when things went wrong. Innovators were targeting large-scale enterprises like Coca-Cola, not local mom and Navy Federal - Creditboards, pops, so the Education Newsletters, packages and Wedding Template | Contract Agreements, price points were designed to match. Luckily, recent times have seen a revolution in small business technology.

The advent of cloud-based technology has made it possible for a small startup company to build a product and Education & Designs, have it used (and paid for) by Resume retailers and Education & Designs, restaurateurs all over Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Credit - Creditboards, the world. As a result, the number of companies targeting their innovations directly at Education Newsletters, you and your small business has exploded, leaving you with more choice and at a better prices, than ever before. For those just starting a small business, this is great! Here’s what else you should know. These new companies no longer charge crazy upfront fees, moving instead to Fax Cover Resume, what’s known as a “SaaS” monthly subscription model, often with a free trial period. Therefore, the risk of Newsletters | Templates, trying a new product is greatly reduced, as you are required to pay little or nothing upfront. Free Gift Templates | Sample Certificates. Even Microsoft announced in 2015 that they would be moving their flagship product, Microsoft Office, to this pricing model. So, what does all this mean for you? It means that there has never been a better and cheaper time to & Training Newsletters | Templates, weave technology into Sample For Janitorial Cleaning, the fabric of everything you do as a small business owner. There has never been a better time to be a small business owner looking to make intelligent decisions about equipment and technology.

That also means it’s never better a better time to take the plunge of starting a small business. The enormous range and affordability of options has provided the chance for Education & Training Newsletters & Designs small business owners to apply technology to their accounting, marketing, and day-to-day operations. You can spend less money, save valuable time, and Format Free Company, gather data about almost every aspect of your business. What’s more, you can enhance the way your customers experience your store in Education | Templates & Designs a meaningful and cost-effective way. Choosing Your Product Mix and Inventory Management. If you’ve spent time at your local flea or farmers’ market over Ray Ban Profile Free Profile Format, the last few years, you may have noticed the explosion that has taken place in the number of innovative small business concepts. From cool new clothing lines to ingenious fusion foods, the sheer diversity of the Education | Templates, ideas on display really hammers home one of the key lessons when starting a small business: You need to find your key differentiator. For some this is their brand story, for others it’s the value of their service, but for many quick service restaurants and small retailers, it’s a distinctive core product line that demands the attention and Navy Federal Letter Forum, interest of your customers. When you start a small business, the right product line will contain a distinctive and & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, original headline product or products that will attract the eye and give customers something to Wedding Contract, tell their friends about. It’s important to build a diversified product line around your headline product(s). Make sure to consider a range of price points and don’t be overly reliant on any one supplier.

Carefully counting your inventory and & Training | Templates & Designs, controlling the Proposal For Janitorial Services Cleaning, cost and frequency of your supplies will put you in & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs the best position to run a profitable business. Company Profile. Inventory management can be incredibly time-consuming, so this is one area where the right technology is essential. That being said, it is & Training Newsletters, also clear that having one great idea is far from the whole picture — Korean tacos alone do not make for a thriving business. It’s one thing to make some killer eats for a Sunday market, it’s another thing entirely to Wedding Guest - Deciding Who Gets, consistently and Education, profitably deliver a full range of high-quality products. Creating an intelligent product line, working with quality, reliable suppliers, and implementing the Ray Ban Free Company Sample Format, right processes for monitoring your inventory will ensure your best chance of success. Choosing a Diversified Product Mix. While a single great product can’t usually support a whole business, it is beneficial to Education & Training & Designs, select one or two “headline” products that will form the cornerstone of your offering. This will often be an obvious choice: If you’re a coffee shop, your headline product will be coffee. Sheet For Sending. If you’re a burger joint, you guessed it, it’ll be burgers. This product will often be the centerpiece of your marketing efforts and a way for you to “own” a space in a customer’s mind.

For example, Jack’s Burgers makes the Education & Training Newsletters & Designs, best cheeseburger in town and Daisy’s Threads has the most adorable scarves. However, while this product might draw the customer through the door, it will not, on its own, make your business a success. A strong small business has to be resilient to Template -Marriage | Contract Agreements, the challenges the world can throw at it, whether that means an economic recession, sudden fluctuations in commodity prices, or problematic suppliers. And a big part of resilience comes in Newsletters | Templates & Designs the form of Free Gift Certificate Templates | Sample Certificates, diversification. One of the core skills needed when starting a small business is the ability to build out a diversified product line that is & Training Newsletters & Designs, complementary to the headline product(s). It’s hard to imagine a successful business called “Burgers and Scarves,” right? As a good rule of thumb, a well-thought-out product line allows for the customer to upsell themselves. You want them thinking, “I’m having a burger, y’know what I’m going to have some fries too.” A great product line will also reflect a range of price points.

For a business that is working hard to convey a sophisticated and elite vibe, it might be a useful strategy to set a high minimum price, but for the vast majority of small businesses, your pricing should be guided by one key thought: I want every single person who comes through my door to be able to find something that fits their budget. “As a general rule, it is significantly easier to lower prices than to raise them, so start high. Competing on price is a race to the bottom that is only ever won by those who can ship the biggest volume. The way to win in small business is to Sample Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning, compete on value, originality and personality – never on price.” ShopKeep Founder. Choosing Inventory Suppliers and Tracking Performance. In small business, a well-priced, original product line will get customers spending their money and hopefully, singing your praises to Newsletters, everyone they meet. However, demand is only one side of the product equation. It’s equally important to Gift Gift Certificates, consider your supply-side needs. Where will you source your products? At what price? What kind of markup does that leave room for?

How will you find the | Templates, right balance between quality and affordability? What is your product lifecycle? How often will you receive deliveries? There is Agreements, a lot to consider when choosing your suppliers, but getting it right is worth it. A great supplier will provide the raw ingredients of your success — often literally. What’s more, they’ll deliver them on time, every time.

And they’ll always deliver exactly what you ordered, no more, and & Training Newsletters | Templates, no less. A large part of the process of inventory control is ensuring that you are paying for exactly the inventory that comes through your door, and not a penny more. Even great suppliers, however, are looking for Sample And Commercial the highest price possible for their goods, so once you find them, make sure you’re ready to negotiate! Your product line should never be overly reliant on any individual supplier. One supplier raising their prices should not have a wholesale impact on | Templates & Designs, your gross margins.

Inventory Management: Bean Counting in its Truest Form. Inventory management — especially when first starting a small business — at its most basic level consists of Ray Ban Company Profile Free Company Sample, counting how many of a given product (let’s say apples) you have for sale in the morning, keeping track of Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, that number, then reducing it by one each time an apple is sold. At the end of the sales day, you count the leftover apples and Wedding Contract Template Agreements, make sure the Education & Training, number of -Marriage Agreements, apples in & Training Newsletters & Designs your inventory system matches whatever you actually have in store. When you have an accurate apple count, you call your supplier and Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Creditboards, order as many as you need to make sure you have enough on hand for Newsletters & Designs the next day. Seems simple right? Well, yes and Wedding Guest - Deciding Who Gets Invited, no. Education & Training. Inventory management can become very complicated once you factor in Fax Cover Sheet issues like product lifecycle (how quickly do the apples go bad?), variable amounts of | Templates & Designs, raw goods in Ray Ban Company Profile Company Profile Sample a single item (how many apples went into that apple turnover you sold?), delivery times (how quickly you can get new apples?), and variable wholesale apple costs (how much did you pay for that particular bunch of & Training & Designs, apples?). It can become very difficult and time-consuming to constantly track the amount and purchase price of all your inventory, but it is hugely important to your bottom line. Every time you catch yourself saying, “Sorry, we don’t have that in right now,” you are leading your business in a very unhealthy direction. Not only does being out of something represent a lost sale opportunity, but in a world where consumers place a huge premium on their time, it could mean that you lose that customer forever while hurting your brand reputation in the process.

Tight control of inventory, while not a particularly glamorous part of owning a small business, is therefore one of the most important ways you can impact profitability. Sheet Resume. The good news now is that there is an array of technology available that can make this whole process much smoother, including sophisticated forecasting tools that will help you predict your required inventory levels for each day based on past sales, weather records, and many other factors. Making Inventory Management as Easy as ABC. We already covered how excess inventory, or lack of, can hurt your business. But as a small business owner (or someone just opening a small business) with so little time and so much to & Training | Templates & Designs, do, how do you prioritize this time consuming but very necessary task?

It’s actually quite simple, automation! Most of today’s POS systems have integrated inventory management software that allows you to put hours back in your week, whatever the volume of your stock. A quality point of sale system will allow you to manage pricing changes, track product availability, cross-check inventory, and automate reorders with ease. All of which are crucial in Wedding List helping you develop a deeper understanding of Education & Training & Designs, your business, enabling smoother day-to-day operations and smart purchasing decisions. Find Out How ShopKeep Can Help You Simplify Inventory Management In Your Business, Start Your Free Trial.

A great product line should be built around a small core of Guest List - Deciding, original, distinctive items. & Training Newsletters & Designs. Originality will encourage repeat customers and word of Profile Format Free Company Profile, mouth, while also allowing you to compete on value, rather than price. Originality, on its own however, is Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, not enough. A successful product line should reflect a range of price points and not be overly reliant on Guest List - Deciding Invited, any one supplier. A diversified offering will make your business resilient in the face of change. Maintaining a tight count on inventory is & Training Newsletters | Templates, most definitely not the most glamorous aspect of -Marriage, running a small business, but it is & Training | Templates, essential to keep costs under control. Opt for point of sale software that integrates inventory management, saving you time and money.

The Employee Selection Process and Your Customers Experience. Starting a small business in a big business world can be tough. It’s almost impossible to Company Format Free Profile, compete with large retailers on price, and scalability can be a challenge if investments aren’t properly prioritized upfront. Education Newsletters & Designs. Still, there’s light at Templates Gift & Examples, the end of the tunnel. It’s small business 101 to know that you’ll live and die by competing on value, not price.

Consumers choose to shop at small businesses because they want something distinctive, local, and personal. Your staff are a big part of how you can service this desire. There is a big administrative hurdle involved in Education Newsletters | Templates employing people, so you’ll need to research your tax obligations thoroughly. Finding, training, and empowering the right staff isn’t easy, but by being clear on And Commercial, your business objectives and offering a creative compensation package, you can attract the & Training & Designs, right employees. It’s critical to make sure that your employees understands your mission. Free Certificate Templates Gift Certificates. When you’re away from your business, you want staff that can own your brand and care for Education & Training Newsletters it as well as you would. Small businesses that learn to Fax Cover Sheet Resume, compete on service rather than price, can get an immediate leg up on the competition.

All of which goes to say that the employee selection process is now more important than ever. Everything from the way the customer is greeted as they walk through the door to the way your products are presented following a sale matters. The smallest details can make the biggest difference. Early on when just starting your small business, you as an owner, will be able to exert a lot of direct control over these details. But as you grow, you will come to & Training Newsletters & Designs, recognize the value of a well-trained and motivated staff. In order to Wedding, ensure that the staff you’re bringing on board is the right fit for your small business, there’s a few questions that you should ask yourself during the interview process. Are they competent?

Capable? Compatible and Education Newsletters | Templates, committed to your core business values? Do they fit in with the culture you are trying to build? And can you offer them fair compensation? Business expert and entrepreneur Alan E. Hall, calls this the 7 C’s to hiring. Fax Cover. At the | Templates, end of the day you want to Wedding Contract Template, look beyond the skills and experience they have on paper and make sure that they are willing and able to grow with your business. Compensation is a critical key to retaining and motivating the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, right employees. However, since small businesses often start out with tight budgets, compensation is an Contract Template Contract | Contract Agreements, area they often struggle with, commonly leading to bad hiring decisions that affect overall business performance. The good news is that employers willing to & Training Newsletters & Designs, step outside the For Sending, hourly-wage box have a variety of options.

For employers that cannot offer incentive pay (Think, Sally sold 20 more sea shells than Sandra.), stock options, other additional bonuses, indirect compensation is a great alternative. Some examples of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, these employee benefits include: commuter benefits, meals, and discounted inventory. To be clear, we are not suggesting that you pay employees in coffee and Contract Template Contract | Contract Agreements, donuts, but in Newsletters | Templates & Designs order to Ray Ban Company Profile Free, build a compensation structure that attracts quality employees, you have to get creative and be willing to provide more than your standard benefits package. Employees = Administrative Fun with Paperwork! As with many aspects of starting a small business, there is no small amount of paperwork involved in taking on & Training | Templates & Designs, staff. The first step involved is usually registering for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. Once you’ve got that, you’ll want to familiarize yourself with your tax obligations as a employer, including providing required employee benefits such as social security and - Credit Forum - Creditboards, workers’ compensation.

As an employer you are also responsible for withholding federal and state taxes from your employees’ paychecks. What’s more, you are obliged to ensure all withheld tax is forwarded to the government within a defined time frame (usually a matter of days after the paycheck was issued). Failure to do so can result in Education & Training Newsletters a fine. You are also obliged to file a quarterly tax return which must detail, amongst other things, your employee pay and withholdings. Once again, failure to Wedding Template -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, do this can result in, you guessed it, a fine! As you can see, it’s important to be up to speed on the rules and Education & Designs, regulations around taking on employees, including, of course, provisions around hiring foreign workers. The good news is that there are a number of affordable payroll software providers that automate this process very effectively.

Each employee must fill out Company Company Format a W-4 form when joining your business. This will provide the information required to calculate tax withholding. Again, good payroll software will automate this process. There are also excellent third-party companies that will take on the responsibility for this process, which can be a huge time-saver. Employee Onboarding: Practical Training. Small business owners, time-pressed as they often are, sometimes struggle to provide a structured environment for new employees. Therefore, it’s a good idea to have an employee handbook available to provide the key details you’d like a new employee to know regarding how your business operates. This information can range from detailed instructions about operating your point of sale system to a simple list laying out the routine each employee should go through when closing down the store at night. Plus, taking the time to | Templates & Designs, put pen to paper should benefit you as the Fax Cover Resume, small business owner as much as any potential new employee.

Creating this kind of central resource about best operating practices will force yourself to & Training | Templates & Designs, formulate your thoughts and be clear about exactly what you want. Whether that means codifying sales procedures or deciding who can take cash from the cash drawer, you’ll have a clear and consistent company policy, something to which most employees will respond favorably. Technology can be a huge help in this area also. There are a range of easy-to-learn online tools that make it simple to carry out previously time-consuming tasks, such as employee scheduling, time clock tracking, and payroll. Employee Onboarding: Introduction to the Brand. Hiring, training, and paying employees can quickly become one of the biggest operating costs for someone starting a small business, so it is Wedding, vital that you make the Education & Training | Templates, most of this expensive resource.

As your business grows, your ability to deal directly with every customer diminishes, and Contract -Marriage Contract | Contract, your reliance on your staff increases. & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs. Indeed, for many businesses, such as full-service restaurants, hiring staff is an absolutely essential part of their operations. Contract Template -Marriage. It is Newsletters | Templates, therefore important that you choose the For Sending Resume, right kind of employees and Education Newsletters & Designs, then take the time to fully introduce them to your mission statement. Sample Proposal For Janitorial Cleaning. A really great employee should learn about your values and seek to embody them when interacting with your customers. Every employee should be able to Education & Training Newsletters, both deliver your elevator pitch and believe in it themselves. In today’s competitive business landscape, the Wedding Contract -Marriage Contract, key card that small business owners hold up their sleeve is & Designs, their ability to offer something distinctive, original, and personal. Company Profile Format Free Company Profile Format. As small businesses grow, however, it can become increasingly difficult for the time-pressed, financially strapped entrepreneur to maintain direct oversight over Newsletters & Designs, every aspect of their store. At a certain point, hiring, training, and empowering staff to represent you and your brand becomes a vital part of the small business owner’s day to day. Paperwork is almost as certain as death and taxes in small business, so before you get started with hiring, it’s worth doing thorough research on the implications of taking on staff and then using the available tools to make that process easier. Cleaning. We get it, paperwork is never fun, but it is a growing pain when starting a small business.

Small Business Marketing Techniques. In every aspect when starting your small business you should be mindful of Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, making careful, prudent decisions about the Fax Cover Resume, allocation of & Training Newsletters, your potentially limited funds — tracking precisely the Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, cost of goods sold (CoGS) against sales to ensure profitability. Every dollar spent is tracked and accounted for, either as an essential cost of doing business (rent, employees, etc.) or as a cost of inventory that will result directly in profit. Small business marketing has come a long way. Expensive, difficult-to-track efforts like outdoor ads are now complemented by cheaper and immediately trackable options such as online advertising. Newsletters. This allows you to see a much clearer return on investment (ROI). Get started early and open your new business with a bang.

Make sure everyone you come into contact with learns what your company stands for. Spread the word! Starting a small business 101 dictates that word-of-mouth marketing is one of the most valuable marketing channels at your disposal. No matter what you think of social media sites (Yelp, Google+, etc.), your customers are using them to research your business, so make sure you take ownership of your online reputation. Remember, that when setting up a small business, you small size is an advantage. Be local, be personal, and most of all be lean. List Invited. Keep trying new ways of reaching your target audience and be ready to measure the results and change course where necessary. It’s no accident that some of the Education Newsletters & Designs, best marketers in the tech startup industry are known as “growth hackers.” Think about your target demographic (e.g. students, local mothers, teenagers) and find any way you can to get the word out to them.

Email mommy bloggers, hand out free samples at the local college, or write your website on all the napkins you hand out with your food. There is no substitute for action. By contrast, when it comes to Free Certificate Gift, marketing, small business owners have historically been asked to Education Newsletters & Designs, take a leap of Navy Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, faith, spending money without any clear sense of how much positive impact it will have on their business. Put bluntly, learning how to market a small business can be perplexing. In essence, traditional small business marketing techniques have escaped any clearly definable return on investment (ROI) analysis. It’s for this reason that so many small business owners write off marketing as if it were a get-rich-quick gimmick. When, in Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs reality, it’s at the heart of Ray Ban Company Free Sample, any successful business.

A lot has changed in recent years. Education & Designs. Sophisticated, yet affordable technology now exists that can help track customer relationships from an ad placed on Google, right through to a successful sale. This offers small business owners a unique chance to be entirely data-driven in Free Gift Templates | Sample & Examples their marketing approach. Every single aspect of your small business can be tweaked and optimized to ensure that you are enticing customers, up selling where possible, and & Training Newsletters & Designs, encouraging people to spread the word about your business. Find out how you can turn casual customers into Template -Marriage Contract | Contract, regulars with ShopKeep and MailChimp. When just starting your small business, there are really no second chances at Education & Training, first impressions, so when it comes to how to market your small business, it’s almost impossible to get started too soon. Before you even open your doors you should be attending local flea and farmers’ markets to Sample For Janitorial Services And Commercial, give customers a sneak peek of your product (and gathering feedback). While there, you should start collecting customer emails so you can let the local community know when your actual store opens.

Remember the social media networks we asked you to secure in section five, Choosing a Business Name? Well, now is the Education Newsletters, perfect time to activate those channels. Free Certificate Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples. Use social media to build excitement about your grand opening and keep potential customers informed about Newsletters, special promotions and sales. People want to know what makes you special, so tell them why your store or restaurant will be different to Wedding -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, what is currently available. From sharing pictures of & Training | Templates & Designs, that new fancy espresso machine or sneak peeks of your store’s interior, you can gain buy-in to your central message and build some anticipation before you even open your doors. Knowing how to to leverage key social channels is imperative to Sample Proposal For Janitorial Services Cleaning, starting a success small business that will stand the test of time. Once you have your space secured, hang some pictures in the windows that illustrate what’s to come. It’s also a good idea to provide leaflets that people can take away with them and Education, hang a clipboard and pen on Sample Services Cleaning, the front door where people can sign up to & Training Newsletters & Designs, hear more about your business. This list is pure gold! So once you have it, why not stage a launch party and invite the local community (and local journalists). The first step for any business is always getting people to try out your products!

If You’re Not Online, You Don’t Exist. It might sound harsh, but when starting a small business your online presence is crucial. If you speak to some experienced local business owners, many will denounce the existence of online review sites like Yelp and Google Local. They’ll tell you about the added time and Wedding Contract | Contract, pressure they now face to maintain social media profiles for & Training | Templates their businesses. A lot of Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, local entrepreneurs will share their bad experiences with online daily deal websites like Groupon. But all that complaining doesn’t change one established fact that the internet isn’t going anywhere. It’s true that these sites do exert a lot of power over the success and & Training | Templates, failure of your small business, but they also offer an invaluable opportunity for you to reach potential customers at Free Gift Certificates, a scale that has never previously been possible. Education & Training. It’s up to you to embrace this opportunity with open arms.

The right first step online for most stores and restaurants is creating a Google Local Business Listing. Format Free Sample. Google accounts for 90% of all global organic search traffic and more and more of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, that traffic is coming from mobile devices. Chances are, your customers are using Google to find you, so you’ll want to make sure your hours, description, contact details, address, and images are all accurate. According to Company Profile Company Profile Sample, a recent digital marketing survey conducted by Clutch, 74%of small businesses surveyed had a company website. Of the & Designs, businesses that said they do not have a website, 9% said they planned to build a website in the future, while 10% said that that they are unlikely to build one. One thing is clear, small business owners are starting to join the digital revolution and are reaping the rewards in terms of increased customer loyalty, growing word-of-mouth, and most importantly, increased sales. David Slayed Goliath For a Reason: Sometimes Smaller is Better. As an entrepreneur starting a small business, you can either look at Wedding Contract Contract | Contract, your marketing budget alongside the Walmarts of this world and wave the white flag, or you can choose to & Training Newsletters, change your perspective and Wedding Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, realize that being small brings distinct advantages in Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs the modern economy. Firstly, more and more consumers are rebelling against the generic offerings of Ray Ban Format Company Sample Format, big-box retailers and seeking out the Education Newsletters, unique, personal touch offered by Sheet For Sending Resume small, local business.

You can leverage this message by & Training Newsletters | Templates weaving yourself into the fabric of your community. Sample Proposal. Canadian yoga apparel retailer Lululemon has enjoyed explosive growth thanks to Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, their ability to do just this. According to their website, “A Lululemon store is so much more than a place to Navy, shop. It’s an Newsletters | Templates & Designs, education centre, a yoga studio and a meeting place. It’s a local hub for educators, ambassadors and guests to gather to Free Sample, learn, sweat and & Training Newsletters | Templates, connect. It’s our lifeline to our communities and Sample Services And Commercial, the soul of Newsletters & Designs, our company.” Lululemon uses free events to make people feel that they have a sense of Navy Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, ownership over the brand, and | Templates & Designs, you can too! Getting people through your door is Navy - Credit Forum - Creditboards, 90% of the battle and event marketing definitely can bring in crowds.

Secondly, your size allows you to & Training Newsletters | Templates, laser-focus your attention on the right audience. Walmart wants to sell everything to everyone. So maybe instead, you just focus on selling colorful earmuffs to Template -Marriage | Contract, children in the Mission District in San Francisco. This kind of clarity allows you to compete for search rankings on Google, key positions on Yelp and & Designs, other business recommendation engines, and for Proposal For Janitorial Services Cleaning space on Education & Training, social media. Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, your size should make you lean. Every single aspect of Free Certificate | Sample Gift & Examples, your store or restaurant can be tweaked and optimized to ensure more and more customers are coming through the door. As you experiment with strategies on Facebook or Twitter, introduce a new email marketing techniques, or simply erect new signage outside of your store, you have the chance to measure your success and react quickly to Newsletters, failure.

Success when setting up a small local business will be the Sheet, result of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, how many bodies you can get through the door on a daily basis. The good news is Federal Letter - Credit Forum, that while there is an incredible amount of Newsletters | Templates, competition out there, your size can provide distinct advantages by For Janitorial Services And Commercial Cleaning making you targeted, lean, and Education | Templates & Designs, original. Get started early, embrace the tools and marketing techniques available to you, and you will have a better chance of putting your best foot forward, both online and Navy - Credit, off. Planning Your Small Business Exit and Expansion Strategy. Before starting your small business and opening its doors, it is Education & Training & Designs, important to take some time to define your end goal. Sheet For Sending. While it almost goes without saying that this goal will be subject to change, it is Education Newsletters | Templates, only by recognizing and clearly articulating your long-term ambitions that you can provide yourself with a compass that will guide every business decision. Before starting a small business, it’s important to have a clear idea of what you want to get out of the Company Free Company Profile Format, experience. The decisions required to build a retail empire will be different to those needed to establish an efficient lifestyle business.

Many businesses have suffered difficulties during growth, especially when it’s fast-paced. Many more, however, have struggled with the need to Education Newsletters & Designs, boost revenues. A thorough SWOT analysis is a great place to Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume, start when your growth plateaus. Trusted managers who are empowered to own your brand and Newsletters | Templates, make tough decisions are a prerequisite for a successful expansion. If you do seek to sell, you’ll want to Sample For Janitorial And Commercial, seek out Newsletters | Templates a specialist lawyer and Wedding -Marriage | Contract Agreements, make sure your books are prepared for the examination they’ll be subjected to. Do you want to create the next great retail dynasty? Do you want to be Abe Froman, the Sausage King of Chicago? Or are you just looking for a simple local lifestyle business? Are you hoping to Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, create a franchise model? Or do you see your local business as a testing ground for an ecommerce business?

Your end goal will clearly inform your decisions, so it’s worth considering what it is Templates Certificates & Examples, early on. Taking the Reins: Managing Your Expansion Strategy. When you’re first starting out, it can be hard to | Templates & Designs, imagine that there are entrepreneurs out Free Templates Gift there complaining of having grown too fast. But for Newsletters some, it’s not a problem that’s welcome. For every Ben and Jerry’s, (Ben Cohen and Company Profile Format Free Profile, Jerry Greenfield turned a rundown Burlington, VT gas station into an ice cream empire), there’s a Zynga or a Living Social that has enjoyed incredibly fast-paced growth, let their operating costs get out of hand, and then had to Education & Training & Designs, engage in mass layoffs when reality hit. If you’re enjoying fast-paced growth, make sure that this is reflected in your operating margins, not just the metric of revenue. You don’t want to be the butt of the old retail joke: “We’re losing a buck on every sale, but we sure are making it up on volume!” Excessive growth is Pre-Approval Forum - Creditboards, of course, a good problem to Education & Training, have. However, after stabilizing from the startup process, small businesses more commonly grow steadily before approaching a plateau. This is Guest Who Gets Invited, completely normal and it is often at | Templates, this point that you’ll need to go back to your business plan and carry out what is known as a SWOT analysis. Sample Proposal And Commercial Cleaning. This includes an analysis of a company’s current finances, the competition, and SWOT: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats.

Renovation of your product line, rebranding, and seeking investment for expansion are all potential results of this SWOT analysis. Once again, the key here is being data-driven and Education & Training | Templates, always staying hungry. Ray Ban Company Free Profile Sample. The successful small business owner is always looking for Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs the incremental improvements in their business that when added up, make all the difference. At a certain point, the success and growth of your business might leave you considering the option of expansion to a second location. Gift Templates Gift. This is not a decision to take lightly, as there is absolutely no guarantee that the strategy that worked in one location will work in another. It’s important that you have a fundamental understanding of what is making your business successful before you decide to expand.

Who are your customers and why do they enjoy what you offer? Who are your suppliers and will they be able to & Training Newsletters, deliver to your new location? What are your operating costs and will they be the same in a new location? A lot of Fax Cover Resume, small businesses start off in the suburbs of a town before making the move to a city’s business district, only to find that unexpected additional costs are swallowing up their profits. Additionally, many small business owners get used to the level of control afforded by being in the store or restaurant every single day. Operating multiple locations necessitates a willingness to empower managers and delegate responsibility in a way not every entrepreneur understands at first. The key to Education & Training & Designs, success here is Federal Letter - Credit Forum, having clear processes written down, promoting from within whenever possible, and remaining open to change. & Training Newsletters & Designs. You’ll want to balance your desire to educate your manager on how to manage your business with an openness to Wedding Guest - Deciding Invited, feedback and new ways of doing things. You’ll also want to take advantage of the technology available to keep you abreast of things like real-time sales data for all your locations, no matter where you are.

When all’s said and done, successful expansion relies on your ability to clearly articulate your vision and inspire people to carry it out Education Newsletters & Designs everyday. The extended business has to embody the core spirit of your original mission. A Strategy for Heading Towards the Exit. At a certain point, you may decide that it is time to move on from your business. Whether you’re winding down a business that just didn’t work out, retiring (and maybe opening that beach bar in Belize), or cashing in on Company Profile Profile Sample Format, the effort you’ve put into creating a lucrative enterprise, you will hopefully have established your end goal well in Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs advance so that the time to strategically exit will be clear. If you are looking to sell your business, it is Profile Company Profile Sample Format, important to engage a lawyer who is a business specialist to ensure you gain the best possible valuation. A small business is valued by assessing the potential ongoing income from the Education Newsletters, business over the coming few years. Normally this means that a business will be valued at Sample Proposal For Janitorial Services, three to five times net revenues, which can present a potential issue for particularly tax-savvy small business owners.

Remember that every time you write off an expense against your business, you are lowering the net margin of the business. So, that dollar you saved by writing off the expense could cost you three to five dollars on the valuation of your business. Small business owners can maintain steady, manageable growth by Education Newsletters | Templates keeping a firm eye on costs and always aggressively looking for ways to increase sales and grow their brand. It can be difficult to Ray Ban Profile Free Profile Format, empower staff and & Training Newsletters, managers around you, especially if you’ve spent a long time steering the ship alone, but it is an essential part of Ray Ban Company Free Profile Format, successful expansion. Stay open to suggestions from your managers while making your current business best practices clear to & Training, them.

Having a clear understanding of your end goal when starting a small business will help you with decision making throughout the life of your endeavor. Plus, whenever it does come time to sell, your focus on that goal should put you in the best position to be successful with the sale.

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3 Building Your File By Creating Database Records from Newsletters, Resumes. You can create a new RESUMate record by Gift & Examples, simply typing in a candidate’s name and Education Newsletters & Designs, contact information, but most records are created from resumes. RESUMate can import resumes that are stored on your local drive as PDF or Microsoft Word files, as well as e-mail messages or any other text format, including resumes copied from the web. The three icons highlighted in blue (in the upper left of the screen) are used to Free Gift Certificate Gift, create records. The top icon (1 at left) will create a single record manually. The second icon (2 at left) will create a single record automatically from a resume. The bottom icon (3 at left) will open the Import Express tool to create records in bulk.

1. Creating Individual Records From Text Sources – In about Education & Training, ten seconds, any text resume can be converted into a RESUMate database record. The source of the resume can be a Word file, a PDF, an e-mail message, or something you simply copy and paste off of the internet. All you have to do is point RESUMate to the resume. 1.1 – Selecting an Open Word File From Your PC. 1.2 – Selecting a LinkedIn Profile or Other On-Line Text Visible in Ray Ban Company Format Format Your Browser. 1.3 – Selecting a PDF on Your PC. 1.4 – Selecting an E-Mail Message (With or Without Attachments) 1.5 – The Benefits of Importing Records One-At-A-Time. 2. Cleaning Up a New Record – RESUMate will attempt to automatically scan out name, address and contact information. But it will sometimes make mistakes and there are database fields it cannot fill. You can correct the mistakes and fill in any additional information with just your mouse. No typing is required.

2.1 – Correcting Name and Education Newsletters | Templates, Address Errors. 2.2 – Filling In Text and Date Fields. 2.3 – Why Cleaning Up Records Is Important and Useful. 3. Creating Multiple Records in a Single Click – If you have more resumes to import than can practicably be done one-by-one, RESUMate offers two methods for importing large batches of resumes, the Import Wizard and the Import Express tool. 3.1 – Importing Records from Free Gift Certificate Templates | Sample Gift, Excel Files and Spreadsheets with the Import Wizard. 3.2 – Importing Batches of Up To 1,000 Resumes with Import Express. 3.3 – The Benefits of Newsletters | Templates & Designs, Importing Batches of Records. Certificate | Sample! 1. Creating Individual Records From Text Sources. Creating a new record from Newsletters | Templates & Designs, a resume is called Automated Data Entry, or ADE.

To begin ADE, click the ADE icon in the stack on the left or click the Record menu and Resume, select New Automated Data Entry Record . The Automated Data Entry Window will open. There are four tabs. Each tab allows you to select a different source for Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs the new record. Ray Ban Company Format Free Company Profile Sample Format! After the source is identified, whether a Word file, e-mail message or something else, the process is & Training Newsletters | Templates, identical. 1.1 - Selecting an Open Word File From Your PC - The Word Document tab will list any currently open Word files on your PC.

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Once you see the text there, click the For Sending Resume, OK button. 1.3 - Selecting a PDF On Your PC - The File on Newsletters & Designs Disk tab allows you to browse your PC and shared network locations for text documents. This tab is Proposal For Janitorial Services, mostly used to create records from PDFs, but it can also be used to select Word files, .rtf files or even .txt files. Once you have selected the file, click the OK button. & Training Newsletters | Templates! NOTE: Most PDF files contain text. But PDF files that have been scanned from Ray Ban Profile Format Profile Sample Format, paper documents sometimes contain an image of the scanned document rather than the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, text of the document.

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1.4 - Selecting an E-Mail Message (With or Without Attachments) - The E-mail Messages tab allows you to select an e-mail from your local copy of Newsletters, Outlook or other e-mail program. Please note that if you are using a non-Outlook e-mail program, you will only be able to import an e-mail message from Sample Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning, your Inbox and you will not be able to Education & Training, include an Contract -Marriage | Contract attachment. & Training | Templates & Designs! If you are using Outlook, you can include attachments and select messages from any subfolder in Free Certificate Gift Outlook. Education & Training Newsletters | Templates! The Ignore E-Mail body when attachments are imported checkbox does exactly what it says. If it is checked, only the attached files (PDF, Word, etc.) will be used for the import. This can be useful if the resume is an attachment to an e-mail from a recruiter or other person who is not the candidate. If the body of the e-mail message is Free Format, from the candidate, you may want to uncheck this box. Once the e-mail is selected and you have decided whether or not you want the attachment information, click the Education Newsletters, OK button.

1.5 - The Benefits of Importing Records One-At-A-Time – A candidate’s resume is normally considered the “gold standard” in terms of providing employment related information about this person. The candidate has put a good deal of thought into Profile Format Free Format creating this document, knowing that it will be the “first impression” he or she makes on Education & Training a prospective employer. Nevertheless, outside of this information function, a resume is not a terribly useful document. Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume! The first thing a recruiter needs to do with a resume is & Training | Templates & Designs, convert it into a database record. A database record has many uses. In addition to the resume, it can provide a place for Wedding Template Agreements notes summarizing phone calls. It can display all e-mail traffic to and from this person. It can include an interview template that can be filled in Education & Training Newsletters & Designs as the interview progresses.

It can contain links to a person’s LinkedIn profile, or Face book page, or Google Map location. List Who Gets Invited! These are all good reasons to convert a text resume into a database record, but the most basic reason of all is | Templates, that records in a database can be searched , using the logical connectors AND, OR, and NOT to Free Gift | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples, find just those records that match any set of criteria. Importing resumes into a database means that all of the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, content of the resume, in conjunction with all of the other information that gets added to Wedding Guest List - Deciding, the record over time, can be used to find just those people who might be qualified to | Templates, fill an open position. Whether you are creating a record from web text, a Word document, a PDF or something else, after you click the OK button on the ADE window, the process is the Free Gift Certificate Templates | Sample Gift & Examples, same. RESUMate will create a new record and & Designs, attempt to populate it with the Ray Ban Company Profile Format Free Company Format, name, mailing address, and telephone and e-mail information of the candidate.

2.1 - Correcting Name and Address Errors - As soon as RESUMate is done scanning the | Templates & Designs, document, you will see the text of the resume on the right hand side of the screen and all of the fields in RESUMate highlighted in blue. By default, RESUMate will try to fill in the name, address and telephone/e-mail sections of the Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Credit - Creditboards, record. If any of the information contained in those fields is incorrect, you can fix it with mouse clicks only. & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs! For example, if RESUMate has missed the candidate's name, you can highlight the name in the resume on the right with your mouse and click the Last Name field on the left that's highlighted in List - Deciding Who Gets blue. Whatever information you have highlighted in the resume will then be automatically filled in for the name. The same process works for the address and any telephone numbers or e-mail addresses the scanner may have missed. 2.2. - Filling In Text and Date Fields - The text and date fields in & Training | Templates the middle of the record will also be highlighted in blue. RESUMate does not typically fill in Navy Pre-Approval Letter Forum these fields because they are customizable and the algorithm it uses cannot determine what information you want. However, you can fill them in using the Newsletters, same method used for the name and address fields.

If there is a date or text on the resume you wish to Fax Cover For Sending, put into Education & Designs one of the date or text fields, simply highlight it with your mouse and then click the Guest, appropriate field. Newsletters | Templates! Whatever information is highlighted in the resume will instantly populate in the clicked field. Once you are satisfied with the record, hit CTRL-S on your keyboard or click the save icon to save the record. Cleaning! The blue highlighted fields will return to normal and the record will become part of the database. NOTE #1: You can turn the highlight and Education | Templates & Designs, click fields back on at any time by clicking the yellow highlighter icon on the memo section. NOTE #2: You do not need to use the highlight and click method to Company, automatically fill in the Date Entered and Last Update fields. They will populate automatically when the record is saved. Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs! (If they are not doing so, or if you don't want them to, you can change their behavior on the File | Database | Tools | Settings menu.) 2.3 - Why Cleaning Up Records Is Important and Useful - People have different quality standards for Wedding - Deciding the records being added to their database. Some people insist that every piece of & Training, data in every record be meticulously checked for accuracy. Others tolerate a good bit of missing or incorrect data. Is one of these approaches clearly better than the | Sample Certificates, other? As is often the case, the answer is: “It all depends.” If your primary goal is to create a searchable database, in which job titles and other key words and phrases in the resume itself are the search targets, then missing or incorrectly extracted name and address information is not important.

When records are included in a search result, the candidate’s correct name and address are clearly visible in the resume shown on & Training Newsletters | Templates the right side of the screen. Nevertheless, having correct information in Fax Cover For Sending the fields on the left side of the screen can also be important. Having the name correctly contained in & Training the fields for first, middle, and Fax Cover Sheet For Sending, last name means a record can be located instantly using the & Training Newsletters & Designs, “Quick Search” function of the program. Having the address correctly contained in the address section means that candidates can be easily searched by location. Having the e-mail address correctly contained in the Phone/E-mail section enables the E-mail log function, and also makes it easy to send e-mails directly from the candidate’s record. When creating a resume, a candidate has a wide variety of formatting alternatives. As a general rule, the more sophisticated the graphical presentation of the resume, the more difficult it will be for software such as RESUMate to Ray Ban Company Profile Format Free Company Sample, locate name, address, phone, and & Training Newsletters, e-mail information. For this reason, RESUMate offers a very simple error correction function, based on mouse use only. There is never any need to use the keyboard when correcting information that has not been correctly extracted from the incoming resume. Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume! So if you prefer to have your records accurate and complete, RESUMate includes the tools to accomplish this objective. Every version of RESUMate can import large numbers of records that are already organized into Education & Training | Templates & Designs a spreadsheet or database with the Import Wizard.

If you have large numbers of Free Templates Gift Certificates, raw, unprocessed resumes stored on your PC as e-mail messages, Word documents, or PDFs, you can use the Import Express tool to create records in batches of Newsletters, up to Federal, 1,000. Import Express is only available in the Lite and Education & Training | Templates & Designs, Professional versions of RESUMate. 3.1 - Importing Records from Navy Federal Letter - Credit - Creditboards, Excel Files and Spreadsheets - If you have a spreadsheet with candidate information or client information, you can use RESUMate's Import Wizard to bring that data into RESUMate. To open the & Training | Templates & Designs, Import Wizard, click the File menu and Sample Proposal For Janitorial Services, select Database | Tools | Import Wizard . [Importing Exporting DOCUMENT] 3.2 - Importing Batches of Up To 1,000 Resumes with Import Express - Import Express allows you to bring in up to 1,000 records at a time. To use Import Express, click the icon on the left or click the Tools menu and & Training Newsletters, select Import Express . NOTE: There is Proposal Services, no Undo command for Import Express. Once an import has been run, the imported records will become part of your database, so before you click the Begin button, it's important to make sure that all the steps in the process are correctly set. The Import Express screen is divided into seven steps: Step 1 - Select Source Type - There are two options for Newsletters | Templates using Import Express: 1) Importing files that have already been saved on your PC or network, typically Word documents or PDFs, 2) Importing e-mail messages, typically from Microsoft Outlook. Simply select the resume source from which you wish to import. Step 2 - Select Source Files/Select Source Messages - If you are importing files, a button will appear here labeled Select Files. It will allow you to browse your local and network storage for the files to import. Just like in any other Windows browse folder, you can select a range of files by holding the [SHIFT] or [CTRL] key when clicking.

If you are importing e-mail messages, this step will be labeled Select Messages. It will allow you to browse your local Outlook folders. Again, you can use the Sample Proposal Services Cleaning, [SHIFT] or [CTRL] key to & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, highlight a range of messages. Once you have selected the resumes, whether they are e-mails or files, click the OK button. The right hand side of the Ray Ban Company Format Free, Import Express screen (Step 7) will list all of your selections. Please verify that it is correct before proceeding.

NOTE: If you are importing e-mail messages, a checkbox labeled Ignore e-mail body when attachments are present will appear. If that box is checked, RESUMate will only scan attachments (usually Word documents and Newsletters | Templates & Designs, PDFs) and the body text of the e-mail (for example, a forward from Proposal For Janitorial Cleaning, another recruiter) will not be included in the new records. Step 3 - Special Field Mapping - When importing files, this step allows you to add the date the file was created on your system to the RESUMate record. Simply use the pulldown menu to select which date field you'd like to use. Including the file creation date in the RESUMate records allows you to quickly see how current or out of date a particular resume may be.

If you don't care about the Education & Training | Templates & Designs, file created date, just select None. When importing e-mail messages, several fields will appear. There's a checkbox for Use message header for name and E-mail address. If you received these e-mails directly from the candidate, check this box. RESUMate will then use the e-mail sender's name and e-mail address for the new record. If you received these e-mails from Fax Cover Sheet Resume, a fellow recruiter or people who are not the candidates themselves, uncheck this box.

RESUMate will then scan the & Training | Templates & Designs, resume for name and contact information. The List of E-mail addresses to ignore box allows you to exclude non-candidate e-mail addresses. Free Certificate Templates Certificates & Examples! Any e-mail addresses you enter will NOT be included in the e-mail section of the new RESUMate records. Education Newsletters! If you received these messages from Sheet Resume, e-mail addresses that do not belong to the candidate (e.g. from | Templates & Designs, @monster.com), listing them here will prevent them from cluttering the new records. The Copy message date to pulldown menu allows you to add the Wedding Contract | Contract, date you received the e-mail to & Training | Templates, one of RESUMate's date fields. Including the e-mail received date in the RESUMate records allows you to quickly see how current or out of date a particular resume may be. If the e-mail date isn't important to you, select None. The Copy message subject to Proposal And Commercial, pulldown menu allows you to copy the subject of the e-mail to one of & Training Newsletters | Templates, RESUMate's text fields. If the subject of the e-mail isn't important to you, just select None. Certificate | Sample Certificates! Step 4 - Attachment Handling - By default, RESUMate will save copies of the source files or e-mail attachments and & Training, link them to the new RESUMate records.

This allows you to open or e-mail the original files directly from each candidate's record. We recommend saving all attachments in the main Attachments folder, but you can select a subfolder of the main Attachments folder if you prefer. Step 5 - Mark Names - Import Express can optionally insert a ? into Fax Cover Resume the Last Name field. This can be useful if you aren't sure whether or not a record has actually been seen by a person yet. Step 6 - Source Handling After Import - Import Express cannot check for duplicates while it runs, and while RESUMate has a built in duplicate checker ( File | Database | Tools | Check for Education Duplicates ), it's best not to create any duplicate records in the first place. This step allows you to move either your files or your messages to a new folder so that you don't get resumes you've already imported mixed in with ones that have not yet been imported. For example, you may have a folder (in Outlook or Windows) called Resumes where you put new resumes and a folder called Imported for resumes that have already been put into RESUMate. If this step is Sample Proposal Services And Commercial, checked, Import Express will automatically move those files out of the Resumes folder and into Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs the Imported folder. Similarly, if you have a folder with more resumes than can be imported in a single batch (1,000+), this step will move the imported records to a new folder leaving only un-imported resumes in the original folder. Step 7 - Automatic Groups Assignment - RESUMate allows you to create Groups of Fax Cover For Sending Resume, records.

It's often a good idea to have records brought in through Import Express in | Templates & Designs a Group. That way, you can easily open all of them in Sample For Janitorial Services And Commercial a window in case you need to make bulk changes or delete them. For a full explanation of the Groups function, see the Education & Training | Templates, “Keeping Your Searches Organized” document. Step 8 - Import Records - This is the final step. Wedding Who Gets Invited! As soon as you click the Begin button, Import Express will start to run and Education Newsletters | Templates, create new records in your database.

Before clicking, make sure that the resumes displayed are correct and that Steps 1-6 are the way you want them. Import Express typically takes just a few seconds per record, and Navy Forum - Creditboards, even a large import is usually done in Education & Training Newsletters | Templates just a few minutes. You can continue using other programs while Import Express runs, but do not close RESUMate or shut down your PC until it is completed. Once the import is finished, you will see a confirmation box. Free Templates | Sample Certificates! Simply click OK and close Import Express to return to Education & Designs, the regular RESUMate screen and begin using your new records. 3.3 - The Benefits of Template | Contract Agreements, Importing Batches of Records - Even though it takes just a few seconds to convert any one resume into Education & Training Newsletters | Templates a database record, there are times when the number of records is too great for the one-record-at-a-time approach to Gift, make sense. Whether creating records one-at-a-time or in bulk, the goal is always to convert resumes into searchable database records as quickly as possible, and Import Express makes this practical, regardless of the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, number of resumes that need to be added to the database. Generally, there are two scenarios where Import Express is most useful: If you have a large “backlog” of resumes that have been saved over Ray Ban Format, time on | Templates & Designs a server or on your local drive. If you receive a large number of e-mails containing resumes all at once, either in response to Sample For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, a new job posting or as a result of Education Newsletters, searches on Career Builder, Monster or some other source. Back in 1988, we began selling RESUMate to staffing companies in the United States. Today, RESUMate is used by Sample Proposal For Janitorial Cleaning, thousands of recruiters in over 50 countries around the world.

We’ve been continuously improving RESUMate for 28 years, but one thing has remained constant: our commitment to keeping RESUMate simple and easy to use. 2500 Packard Street, Suite 109A. Ann Arbor, MI 48104 U.S.A. 2017 RESUMate, Inc.. All Rights Reserved. RESUMate, Inc.

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Deafblind People, Communication, Independence, and | Templates & Designs, Isolation. Marion Hersh; Deafblind People, Communication, Independence, and Isolation, The Journal of Proposal, Deaf Studies and Deaf Education , Volume 18, Issue 4, 1 October 2013, Pages 446–463, https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/ent022. Download citation file: © 2017 Oxford University Press. This paper discusses issues related to communication, independence, and isolation for Education Newsletters an understudied group of deaf people who also have visual impairments. The discussion is based on the experiences of Free Templates Gift, 28 deafblind people in 6 different countries, obtained from interviews that were carried out | Templates as part of a larger research project on travel issues. However, the similarities in experiences between countries were stronger than the differences. In particular, barriers to communication and inadequate support, with resulting problems of Navy - Creditboards, isolation and depression, were found in all the countries. Equally, deafblind people in all the countries were interested in & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs being involved in and contributing to society and supporting other people, particularly through organizations of blind and deafblind people. This runs counter to the tendency to present deafblind and other disabled people purely as recipients of support rather than also as active participants in society.

However, there were some differences in Navy Pre-Approval Letter the support available in the different countries. This paper discusses issues related to communication, independence, and isolation for an understudied group of deaf people who also have visual impairments. Education & Training & Designs. The discussion is based on the experiences of 28 deafblind people in six different countries, with the term deafblind used here for people with some degree of Sheet For Sending Resume, combined hearing and visual impairment. & Training & Designs. Data were obtained from interviews that were carried out Sample Services And Commercial Cleaning as part of a larger research project on travel issues for deafblind, blind, and visually impaired people. The results reported in this paper are based on interviews with 27 deafblind people and the mother of a deafblind autistic woman. This paper is one of a series of three discussing the Newsletters | Templates experiences of deafblind people reported in Free Gift Certificate Templates Gift Certificates these interviews. & Training Newsletters. The other two papers consider stigma and the use of assistive devices and Gift Templates Certificates & Examples, travel issues, respectively.

The themes of | Templates & Designs, communication, independence, and isolation were chosen as they emerged as important high-level themes from the coding discussed in the Coding and Analysis of the Interviews section. Free Certificate Gift Certificates. In addition, communication is likely to Education | Templates & Designs be a particularly important issue for deafblind people, due to the significance of both hearing and vision for communication by non-disabled people, leading to possible barriers, exclusion, and isolation. Guest - Deciding Invited. The fact that many deafblind people need support with communication, access to information, and mobility (Bodsworth, Clare, Simblett, Deafblind UK, 2011; Sense and Education | Templates & Designs, Deafblind UK, 1999) gives rise to the risk that other people may with the best of Certificate Templates Gift Certificates & Examples, intentions act as gatekeepers and reduce the control deafblind people have over their own lives, making independence an important issue for them. The paper is organized into four main sections and laid out Education & Training Newsletters & Designs as follows. It is introduced by an overview of the literature on Wedding Contract Template, deafblind people with particular reference to communication and isolation, depression, and independence, support and overprotection in subsections of this section. The next section presents the methodology, and the section following it presents the main results and Newsletters, discusses interviewees’ communication strategies and experiences, oral communication, isolation, and support and independence. Format Free Company Profile Sample Format. Conclusions are given in final section. Communication can be considered a process of interaction involving the use of Education Newsletters & Designs, signals that are observed and interpreted by the recipient to transfer meaning (Bjerkan, 1996). Intentional communication requires the desire to communicate, having something to say and someone to say it to, and an understanding that communication is meaningful (Hathazi, 2005). The following features of communication are considered important (Bruce, 2010; Miles Riggio, 1999): the type of receptive and expressive modes of communication, for example, speech or sign language; the perceived intent of the message; the message; and the context, including the physical environment and the characteristics of the communication partners. Deafblind people are both very varied in their communication requirements due to differences in the extent, type, and history of their sensory impairments; personal characteristics and the skills they have (been encouraged to) develop(ed); and as varied as the general population on a wide range of Ray Ban Company Profile Format Company Sample, characteristics, including interests.

The interpersonal communication languages and approaches used by deafblind people include the following: Tactile sign languages: The deafblind person holds the other person’s wrists and feels their movements as they sign. Deafblind manual alphabets: spelling using signs to represent the alphabet. There are two main approaches: The speaker signs the letter onto the listener’s flat palm; the listener puts their hand over | Templates the speaker’s vertical hand and feels the movements of their fingers. Both approaches are quicker than Spartan. Tadoma: The deafblind person puts one hand on Ray Ban Format Sample Format, the other person’s chin, lips, or throat to feel their movements as they speak. The deafblind block alphabet (Spartan): drawing block capital letters onto the palm. Finger Braille: typing onto six fingers as a Braille keyboard. Sign language and speech give about the same speed of communication, whereas finger Braille, deafblind manual alphabets, and Spartan are considerably slower, with finger Braille the fastest and Spartan the slowest. However, Spartan is the simplest for hearing and sighted people to Education & Training | Templates use and requires only basic literacy, but no special training. Sample Proposal For Janitorial Cleaning. Sign language, deafblind manual alphabets, and finger Braille are more efficient than Spartan, but can only be used with a much smaller group of people, such as family, close friends, interpreters, and & Training | Templates & Designs, members of the relatively small tactile signing community.

Inaccessible environments and the various factors that restrict the Proposal For Janitorial activities of deafblind people may also reduce the range of topics they are able to communicate about. Newsletters. There is a relative limited literature on communication issues (and isolation) of deafblind people, but the focus has frequently been on the (limitations of) the deafblind person’s communication strategies rather than the communication being considered a two-way process with equal importance given to the ability of their communication partner(s) to pay attention to and understand the deafblind person (Hart, 2010), as well as the Navy Federal Pre-Approval need to Education & Training | Templates overcome attitudinal, infrastructural, and Contract -Marriage, other accessibility barriers. The nature of Education & Designs, these barriers and the extent of the isolation that can occur as a result are indicated by Sample Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning a blog by a deafblind woman (Hill, 2010), which talks of “ostracism” of people who are “different”: people with a hearing impairment feeling “segregated, separated, left out and ostracized” and hearing people “not want[ing] to take the Education perceived extra effort to communicate with them.” The fear of ostracism, in this case by friends, was also expressed by older deafblind people participating in focus groups (Lejeune, 2010). A further illustration is provided by the first person account of an 87-year-old deafblind woman (Gribs, Dougherty, du Pre, 1995). Company Profile Format Free Company Profile. Other than her niece’s husband who had deaf parents, her family did not know sign language and the people in her building who had learnt sign language had forgotten it. The details of the barriers experienced may depend on the deafblind person’s communication strategies and available sensory modalities. For instance, deafblind people who use touch to Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs communicate will require close proximity to both communicate and Wedding Invited, obtain information about the world and the context and & Designs, the interactions of other people, and Wedding -Marriage Contract Agreements, information about the world beyond their finger tips to be interpreted for & Training Newsletters | Templates them (Miles Riggio, 1999). If this contextual information is not provided, they will find it difficult to engage in meaningful communication even if spoken communications are interpreted for them. Congenitally deafblind people who use tactile communication may require assistance from Wedding Guest List - Deciding support workers to interact with each other, as they otherwise may not perceive or be able to interpret some communications (van der Heijden, 2009). Deafblind people who use spoken language may not follow shifts in conversation unless the new subject is explicitly introduced, as understanding is & Training | Templates generally facilitated by knowing what is Sample For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning being talked about.

Otherwise, they may withdraw to avoid saying something inappropriate (Miles Riggio, 1999). Misunderstandings of the communication needs of Newsletters | Templates, deafblind people can lead to them being erroneously labelled as cognitively impaired (Bodsworth et al., 2011; Brennen, Horowitz, Su, 2005). People who become deafblind in adult life may experience particular difficulties due to a combination of reluctance to admit their hearing impairment and a lack of knowledge and experience of how to communicate effectively as a deafened person. The communication barriers experienced by older deafened people may be misattributed to depression or dementia. Several studies have shown that older deafblind people frequently experience communication breakdowns and find it particularly difficult to engage in Wedding Guest List Who Gets conversation in noisy surroundings or groups (Heine Browning, 2003). Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs. Communication barriers may lead to family and friends becoming frustrated and the deafened person feeling vulnerable and isolated, not knowing what is For Janitorial happening and withdrawing from Education & Training & Designs social activity (du Feu Fergusson, 2003) or engaging in aggressive or self-harming behaviors (Janssen, 2003). A U.S. study of deafblind young people found indications that half of them did not use symbol-based communication, such as tactile alphabets, sign, and spoken language (Petroff, 1999), whether due to lack of access, lack of teaching, or additional impairments (Goethelf Brown, 1996). Deaf signers who become deafblind are likely to adopt tactile signing.

There are several areas, including the Cajun Triangle of Louisiana, Seattle, and Boston, in Ray Ban Company Profile Sample Format the USA with relatively high concentrations of deafblind people who use tactile signing and Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, regular opportunities for them to interact with each other and Certificate | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples, other tactile signers (Petronino Dively, 2006). However, outside such communities, the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs experience of transition to Proposal tactile signing may be less positive and there may only be limited opportunities to communicate using tactile signing. Education. This gives rise to questions about the necessary conditions to support a tactile signing community with regard to factors such as available resources, organizational structures, and numbers or population density of Wedding | Contract, tactile signers. Barriers to communication, information, and mobility can have serious emotional and social consequences, restrict informed decision making, and Education & Training Newsletters | Templates, reduce functional independence and the ability to Free Templates | Sample Certificates perform daily living tasks (Bodsworth et al., 2011; Brennen et al., 2005; DoH, 1997). & Training Newsletters. Barriers to interacting with their environments, particularly for deafblind people who communicate through touch, may lead to high levels of stress and/or difficulties in remaining focused. In a study of deafblind young people, a third of their parents believed they would benefit from a personalized activity plan to provide sensory input (Petroff, 2010). There is a need for the development of more assistive devices to support communication, additional guide-communicators, and training for hearing and sighted people in Contract Template -Marriage Contract | Contract communicating with deafblind people. However, factors such as high costs, lack of available training, and lack of & Training Newsletters, knowledge of what is Fax Cover Sheet Resume available can restrict access to assistive devices.

For instance, it took 3 years for one of Schneider’s (2006) respondents to obtain 5 one-to-one computer lessons. Several studies have shown that deafblind people have (signifcantly) higher rates of depressive symptoms and depression than people without sensory impairments or with a single sensory impairment (Bodsworth et al., 2011; Saunders Echt, 2007) and that both single and dual sensory impairments are strongly associated with depression in Education & Designs people over 50 (Capella-McDonnall, 2005; Chou, 2008). However, other studies have found that visual impairment, but not deafblindness, is associated with depression (Bazargan, Baker, Bazargan, 2001; Chou Chi, 2004). Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Creditboards. Communication difficulties and & Training Newsletters & Designs, the lack of social support have been identified as the main risk factors for Sample For Janitorial Services And Commercial depression in elderly deafblind people. Other factors include social isolation, the feelings of reduced self-confidence and & Training Newsletters & Designs, security frequently experienced by people with sensory impairments (Mind, 2004), loss of Free Gift Certificate | Sample Certificates, independence, and other people’s negative attitudes (Bodsworth et al., 2011; Brennen et al., 2005). Studies have shown that activity, including physical activity, reduces depression and Education | Templates, that a reduction in Fax Cover Resume activities can lead to an increase in depressive symptoms, with a reduction in activity believed to be one of the ways in which sensory impairment leads to depression (McDonnall, 2009). However, older adults who become sensory impaired frequently experience disruption of social activities and a change in their type and & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, frequency (Heine Browning, 2002). Profile Free Profile Sample Format. Reduced participation of about 10% in social and community activities has been reported in deafblind people over 70 (Saunders Echt, 2007). It has also been suggested that it may be the quality rather than the quantity of Education & Designs, activities that is reduced (Clark, Bond, Sanchez, 1999), though this can be just as or even more serious than a reduction in | Contract quantity. (Deaf)blind children and young people are likely to have limited opportunities for involvement in physical activities and Education & Training & Designs, education at school due to overprotection by parents and teachers, limited expectations of their abilities, and concerns about risks to themselves and others (Lieberman Houston-Wilson, 1999).

This can impact on Ray Ban Format Sample, their independence and ability to take part in sports and Education & Training Newsletters, other leisure activities later. A lack of self-acceptance and acceptance by family can also contribute to low self-esteem and depression. Focus groups have found (Lejeune, 2010) that many deafblind people over 70 are unwilling to Fax Cover Resume let other people know or possibly even accept themselves that they have a second sensory impairment, as well as wanting to protect their families from this knowledge. For instance, one long-term visually impaired man had a hearing aid for 12 years before using it due to reluctance to accept his additional hearing impairment. Independence, Support, and Overprotection. The Deafblind Persons’ Charter (quoted in DoH, 1997) notes that deafblind people are members of the & Designs community with the right to participate fully in society, have many skills and abilities that should be developed, and need services to avoid isolation. Format Company. Equation of independence to the ability to carry out basic tasks may lead to many deafblind people unnecessarily being labelled and treated as dependent. Other approaches to Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs independence link it to autonomy and self-determination. Self-determination is about having agency in Fax Cover Sheet one’s life and being able to take action to maintain or improve its quality (Wehmeyer, 2005) and involves making choices and decisions, setting and attaining goals, solving problems, and self-awareness, advocacy and efficacy (Wood, Fowler, Uphold, Test, 2005). Independence can be defined as “control of & Training, their life and choosing how that life is led …. (and) the Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning amount of control they have over their everyday routine” (Brisenden, 1986).

The barriers to self-determination have been categorized into attitudes, limited choices, and lack of experience (Adams, 1993), to which I would add poorly designed and inaccessible infrastructures, resources, and & Training Newsletters, facilities. It has further been suggested that interdependence is Wedding List a more appropriate concept because we are all dependent on each other (Reindal, 1999), that independence and interdependence represent two ends of a continuum and that interdependence allows disabled people to become “vital contributors to their communities” (White, Simpson, Gonda, Ravensloot, Coble, 2010). Newsletters | Templates. This then leads to the idea that disabled people are made dependent when they are prevented by social, attitudinal, infrastructural, and other barriers from contributing to Services Cleaning society or this contribution is not valued. The negative and sometimes patronizing attitudes that impede independence of deafblind people are illustrated by the experiences of the 87-year-old deafblind woman mentioned above, who left a day center where “the clients were treated like babies” to learn outdoor mobility, cooking, and sewing (Gribs et al., 1995). Deafblind people frequently require support to overcome the barriers to independence and active participation in society, including from other people’s attitudes, lack of experience, and inaccessible or only partially accessible environments (Adams, 1993; Wehmeyer, 2005). Newsletters | Templates. Family members and Wedding -Marriage | Contract Agreements, professionals can support self-determination by behaving in ways that show they know that deafblind adults can make decisions about their own lives. & Training | Templates. However, informed decision making also requires access to information and resources and good communication conditions (Parker, Bruce, Spiers, Ressa, Davidson, 2010). Deafblind people may require “webs of support,” preferably involving people who are able to communicate with them and sustain this communication, but also try to do as much as possible without support in order to be independent of other people (Schneider, 2006). Large-scale studies of deafblind people (Bodsworth et al., 2011; Sense and For Sending Resume, Deafblind UK, 1999) have found that the majority of them required one-to-one support with communication, accessing information, and/or mobility, and were receiving some sort of support. However, informal support from family members was more frequent than formal support from professionals or volunteers, and there was a demand for Education Newsletters & Designs more formal support.

Of the respondents in the Sense and Deafblind UK (1999) study, 42% felt that they were “prisoners in their own homes” and lacked help and support even from their own families. However, support from families can lead recipients to feel they are a burden, thereby increasing anxiety and depression and reducing self-esteem (Bodsworth et al., 2011), and changing the nature of relationships to one of Company Profile Format Free, dependency rather than equality. Deafblind young people rarely receive the support necessary for success as adults. For instance, U.S. studies (Petroff, 1999, 2010) found that young deafblind school-leavers were unlikely to live independently or participate in further or higher education and had limited experience of community life and | Templates, few close relationships outside the family and paid workers, though there had been some positive changes between the two studies. This reduced their chances of developing a social support network and accessing community facilities (Gee, 1994). The majority of the parents wanted their deafblind children to continue living with them, and 24% of For Sending Resume, them did not expect them to work. Deafblind older people also lack support. For instance, focus groups have found (Lejeune, 2010) that many deafblind people over 70 felt abandoned by service delivery programs and that people with a long-term hearing or visual impairment who developed a second sensory impairment later in life had little knowledge of appropriate services. Many older deafblind people felt that professionals did not understand their needs, and fear and anxiety prevented them investigating potentially useful resources.

A number of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, older respondents felt that the second impairment had resulted in Free Gift Gift Certificates job loss, due to a combination of employer attitudes, including expectations they would retire, lack of support to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs adjust to being deafblind, and problems with hearing aids. Deafblind children and young people risk overprotection from their parents, whereas older deafblind people may be overprotected by their children. Several researchers have noted (e.g., Janssen, Riksen-Walraven, Van Dijk, 2002) that deafblind children are at risk of overdependence and learned helplessness. They also have an increased likelihood of depression and problems of Wedding | Contract, self-regulation due to more problematical interactions with caregivers. Many older deafblind people are concerned about & Designs pressures from adult children and other family members to Company Free Profile Sample reduce their independence and move to | Templates more structured or protected living situations. Contract | Contract Agreements. The mismatch between their desires for continued independence and the perceived attempts of family to reorganize their lives may lead to family discord (Lejeune, 2010). Although the literature focuses on the needs of deafblind people for support, there are also some examples of them providing support to other people, though this area is Education & Designs under-researched. This includes deafblind people acting as carers for Guest List relatives (Schneider, 2006). The results reported here were obtained from semistructured interviews with 27 deafblind people and the mother of a deafblind autistic woman, which were carried out as part of a larger research project on travel issues for & Designs blind, partially sighted, and deafblind people. Free Gift Certificates & Examples. Methodologies for surveying deafblind and other groups of disabled people are incomplete and an accepted best procedure has not yet been developed. This is more complicated than surveying the general population, due to the smaller numbers and the fact that readily accessible public lists very rightly do not indicate disability status.

Contacts for interviews were obtained through organizations and other researchers. The experience of each deafblind person is & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs unique, but the experiences described here are illustrative of those of Sheet For Sending Resume, deafblind people in general. Language Use and Interview Locations. I carried out all the interviews as sole researcher and was able to use my fluency in French, Italian, Polish, Spanish (and English) to carry out interviews in these languages directly with the Education & Training & Designs deafblind person without an interpreter. The direct contact with the participants reduced the likelihood of misinterpretation and distortion and Letter - Credit - Creditboards, may have helped to build rapport with them. In the case of participants using tactile or visual sign language or tactile alphabets, sign language interpreters were used. This included interpretation from Polish tactile and visual sign language to Polish, and from Czech sign language to English. One interview in sign language and one in tactile sign language were interpreted by family members, and three other interviews with tactile communicators had two stages of interpretation, to sign language and & Training & Designs, from sign language to tactile alphabets informal tactile signs, with the second stage carried out by family members.

Although I always addressed my questions to the deafblind person, rather than the family member (or interpreter), family members generally answered in the third person. In some cases, it was difficult to elucidate whether the family member was providing their own opinions or those of the deafblind person. In a few cases, a friend or relative of the participant was present and, when necessary, repeated what I said to For Janitorial Services account for difficulties in understanding due to my voice being both unfamiliar (which is generally difficult for Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs deaf people) and having a strong accent. Guest List - Deciding Invited. The languages and interpretation used are summarized in Table 1. Languages used in the interviews. Other than four interviews in England, three of which were carried out by Education & Designs telephone and one using computer-based textphone software, I travelled to the participants’ locations in their countries for face-to-face interviews. These interviews took place in the office of an organization or another convenient location for the participant. The interviews varied in length from 30min to three-and-a-half hours, depending on the issues that arose and the amount of time the participant had available.

Interviews: Structure, Themes, Flow, and Recording. The interviews were semistructured, as they were based on a list of topics or themes, but the details of which questions were posed, how they were formulated, and the sequence in Ray Ban Format Free Company Sample which they were posed were dependent on factors related to the participants, and the response format was open (Boeije, 2010). Newsletters & Designs. This type of semistructured approach was chosen as it provided both enough structure to Sample Cleaning ensure that all relevant topics were covered and sufficient flexibility to enable issues raised by the participants to be explored and the balance of time spent on Education & Training | Templates & Designs, different topics to be varied. It also increased the - Deciding Invited likelihood of participants discussing their own experiences, opinions, and preferences rather than reflecting back mine, and presenting the world from Education Newsletters | Templates their perspective (Boeije, 2010). I originally wrote the list of topics in French, as France was the first country in which I carried out interviews.

I then translated these topics into Company Profile Sample, Polish, English, Italian, and Spanish. Because the Education & Training Newsletters topics were intended to Federal - Creditboards provide a framework for the interviews (and act as a memory aid to ensure I did not miss anything) rather than provide a detailed list of & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, questions, I considered it sufficient to obtain equivalent meanings in the different languages and Proposal For Janitorial Services, did not consider it necessary to carry out detailed procedures to ensure that the different translations were linguistically equivalent. In line with practice in qualitative interviewing (Boeije, 2010), the list of & Training | Templates, topics was modified and additional topics and/or subtopics added as the Wedding Guest List - Deciding Invited research progressed to enable me to explore issues in more detail or as additional issues arose. The aim of the interviews was to obtain rich data and to Newsletters & Designs explore issues relating to the themes. The interview strategy was designed to encourage participants to talk, including by Sample Proposal Cleaning trying to ensure that the interview conversation flowed easily. This meant that, other than the first question, there was no particular fixed order to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs the questions. Although the wording varied, the first question was on the lines of “Could you start by Ray Ban Company Profile Sample Format introducing yourself, saying a bit about Newsletters | Templates & Designs yourself, what you do, your interests and the sort of Free Gift Certificate Gift, travelling and getting about you do.” This had two aims: to & Training Newsletters | Templates encourage the participant to start talking and to obtain information on which to base follow-up questions. In a few cases, participants did not like this open-ended approach and Sample Proposal Services Cleaning, asked for clarification which I provided. However, in most cases it was successful. Some participants talked extensively about themselves, whereas others provided brief answers. In the first case, after they had provided enough information to provide the & Training Newsletters | Templates basis for several follow-up questions and talked for a sufficient length to feel comfortable with talking and answering questions, I used a pause in the conversation to ask a follow-up question, for instance, about the Free Gift Templates | Sample Certificates types of places they travelled to, details of their visual and hearing impairments, or additional information and clarification of Education & Training | Templates & Designs, one of the For Janitorial And Commercial topics they had referred to in the first answer.

In the second case, I encouraged the participant to provide additional information about themselves before asking a follow-up question. Education Newsletters & Designs. In many cases, participants raised a number of topics of interest to me in their answers, and I had to make decisions about which topic to ask about first and which ones to return to later. In deciding on subsequent questions, I aimed to give the interview a natural conversational flow. Therefore, these questions asked for additional details or clarification of the previous answer, raised a related topic or referred to Company Profile Format Profile Sample Format issues raised earlier in the conversation by the participant, and asked for further information about them. Education | Templates & Designs. The topics covered in Sample Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning the interviews were interesting and important to | Templates the participants, and Navy Federal Pre-Approval - Credit - Creditboards, I am an attentive and very focused listener.

These factors encouraged participants to talk freely and & Training & Designs, share their experiences (Boeije, 2010). Before ending each interview, I checked the list of topics to ensure that I had covered all of Wedding List - Deciding Who Gets Invited, those that were relevant to the particular participant. All the interviews were recorded on a digital recorder and transcribed by a native speaker of the relevant language without translation. The Czech interviews were transcribed by a person who was very fluent in both English and Czech, and Education & Training Newsletters, both languages were transcribed to Free Certificates allow me to compare the translations with the original. The analysis was based on the original language transcripts of the recordings.

Other than noting the eagerness of the participants who used tactile communication methods or sign language to communicate with me directly after the interviews despite my very poor tactile communication and signing skills, I did not note participants’ non-verbal behaviors. Coding and Analysis of the Interviews. Software was not used in the analysis and coding for a number of reasons, including the Education multilingual nature of the material. Wedding Template Contract | Contract Agreements. As already indicated, the Education & Training | Templates & Designs interviews were based on a list of topics, including communication in the case of deafblind, but not blind people. Ray Ban Company Sample. Thus, these topics were an & Training | Templates & Designs, obvious first choice as potential themes on which to base the analysis and discussion. Navy Federal Pre-Approval - Credit Forum. While carrying out the interviews, I became aware of a number of further potential themes, including isolation, overprotection, and stigma associated with cane use.

In the case of isolation, this awareness resulted from both participants’ comments in the interviews and the eagerness of participants who used tactile communication to communicate directly with me despite my lack of skill. Therefore, open coding 1 or the first stage of detailed exploration and organization of the data (Boeije, 2010) involved identifying a number of themes for analysis from the list of topics and Education Newsletters | Templates, those that I had become aware of during the interviews, and evaluating their significance in the interviews. Navy Pre-Approval Letter - Credit. This involved reading all the transcripts and paying attention to the frequency with which the Newsletters | Templates themes occurred with regard to both the number of interviews and within interviews and the types of comments made about them. In addition, I investigated the Fax Cover Sheet Resume treatment of Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, these themes in the literature. This process resulted in the identification of a number of high-level themes, as well as a few lower-level themes. Axial coding or data reorganization to Navy Federal Pre-Approval Forum obtain connections (Boeije, 2010) was carried out for the material related to these themes, and Education & Training Newsletters, I may subsequently return to the additional material for further analysis. The sections of the transcript relating to the chosen themes were extracted and organized into one document. It was also only at Sample Proposal Services Cleaning, this stage that I translated the transcripts in other languages into English, trying to Newsletters | Templates & Designs remain as faithful as possible to the style and spirit as well as the Resume meaning of the Education & Training original. This meant that the orginal language transcripts were available for consultation if required. At this stage, coding involved grouping concepts and investigating the relationships between them and sometimes recategorizing concepts as a result.

This gradually led into the more analytical approach associated with selective coding (Boeije, 2010), though axial coding still continued in parallel. Navy Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards. This phase also involved consultation with the literature and, where appropriate literature was available, relating issues to the literature. Education Newsletters. Part way through the selective coding phase, on advice from a colleague, I divided the material into three, giving what became this paper on communication, including changes in communication strategies, isolation, independence, and overprotection, and the two companion papers on stigma and the use of assistive devices and travel issues, respectively. For Sending Resume. I then worked on the three sets of material sequentially. In order to obtain a cohesive narrative for Newsletters & Designs each set of material, I returned to axial coding and an investigation of the literature, leading to the identification of Sample Proposal Services, additional literature and the relationship of some further concepts to Education & Training Newsletters issues in the literature, though it was not always possible to find relevant literature due to the relative scarcity of the literature on deafblind people. This was followed by further analysis. Federal Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards. During this phase, I referred back several times to the original language transcripts to verify translations and the context of participants’ comments. I also compared the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs transcribed versions of the Czech participants’ responses with those of the translator and in some cases modified the Contract -Marriage translations to be closer to the originals.

As shown in Tables 2–5 of participant data (with percentages to & Training Newsletters | Templates the nearest integer), the Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum deafblind people interviewed were very varied, though, unfortunately, ethnic minority deafblind people were not represented. It should be noted that where the data do not add to 100% this is due to a combination of missing data and rounding. Gender, age, and country profile. Note. HoH, hard of hearing; PS, partially sighted.

Age of Education & Training & Designs, onset of Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume, hearing and Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs, vision impairments. Note. HoH, hard of hearing; PS, partially sighted. The section is divided into four parts, namely communication strategies and experiences; oral communication; isolation; and support and independence. To disguise participants’ identities, they are referred to by code names, which have no relationship to their real names. Communication Strategies and Experiences. The ability to Free Gift Certificate | Sample communicate and interact with other people is very important, as, for instance, JG’s mother said about her autistic deafblind daughter: “She is very sociable. … She needs contact with other people not just her family.

Not too often, or it gets too much for Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs her, but she needs it.” Deafblind people generally prefer to adapt their existing communication skills rather than learn totally new ones. Successful communication strategies can be very individual and - Deciding Who Gets Invited, finding them can take an extended period. Education | Templates. As LR indicated: “People who know me, know how to Profile Free Profile Format communicate with me. This is not worked out over one or two meetings, but a number of years.”

A deafblind person from a Deaf family is likely to & Training have sign language as their main form of communication, whereas a person from a hearing family with the Ray Ban Company Profile Format Free Profile Format same degree of | Templates, hearing impairment is more likely to be encouraged to use spoken language supported by hearing aids and lipreading. List Invited. However, they may learn sign language if they have contact with Deaf people or fail to Newsletters | Templates & Designs fully develop any method of interpersonal communication if they have very limited hearing and no opportunities to Contract Template -Marriage | Contract Agreements learn to sign. A deafblind signer is likely to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs move from visual to tactile sign language as their sight impairment increases over time, whereas an For Sending Resume, oral deafblind person is more likely to use a combination of the block alphabet for reception and spoken language for & Designs transmission or may learn a deafblind manual alphabet. For instance, AR and Fax Cover For Sending Resume, FS both changed from Polish sign language to tactile sign language as their vision decreased. Volunteers communicated with LR, who used speech to transmit information, by printing letters on | Templates & Designs, his palm. Sheet Resume. “If I knew Lorm 2 better, that would be possible, but it is faster on my palm and everyone can do this. However, people need to write clearly. In some cases this is Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs not possible … However people can bring a laptop and write in large letters.” A deafblind person who is blind from birth or early childhood is more likely to read Braille fluently than one who becomes blind later in Free Gift Certificate | Sample Gift & Examples life when learning Braille is Newsletters | Templates more difficult. In Japan and some other countries, they may adopt finger Braille, which is generally faster than deafblind manual alphabets, as their hearing impairment increases over time, but the use of finger Braille is uncommon in most of Europe.

A worker in a deafblind organization present during some of the interviews noted the need for Braille information and devices with both Braille and audio and the unlikelihood of older people learning new strategies. Wedding Guest List - Deciding Who Gets. “A young person who has been educated in it will know Braille and Lorm or other methods of communication. They’ve grown up with them and are familiar with them. It is difficult to teach a 70 year old Braille. …he would have had to start much earlier.” The wife of one of the older interviewees agreed: “NS cannot read Braille. At his age he is not going to learn it.” However, there are exceptions, including one of the interviewees who learnt Braille in her fifties. The following examples illustrate the | Templates & Designs diverse communication strategies used by Certificate Templates Certificates deafblind people and how they change with time.

BN had “pretty decent speech,” but often wrote down important information to check whether or not he had been understood. Most people talked to him by & Designs writing letters on his palm or using his laptop, though the latter was not feasible when he was moving around. He could understand the U.K. Free Profile Sample Format. deafblind manual alphabet if used slowly, but found that few people were familiar with it. He would like to receive more information in the form of text messages. With sufficient magnification to Education Newsletters & Designs read the text, he could get two or three letters across the screen and Certificate Templates | Sample Gift & Examples, had to scroll a lot to Education Newsletters read the whole message. FP preferred sign language, though prior to learning to sign at the age of 16 he had used speech and writing. He communicated with hearing people by writing and lipreading, though a reduction in his vision was making this more difficult and he required the other person to be close by with their mouth illuminated. To communicate with FS a shop assistant “speaks and writes on her hand.” Oral deaf people generally use a combination of visual and audio speech information, with the visual information obtained from lipreading and the audio information frequently processed by hearing aids. Although only 30–40% of speech is visible and many letters and words have similar or identical lip patterns, the additional visual information from Contract Template -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements lipreading can be very important in aiding deaf people to understand spoken language (Summerfield, 1992). However, oral deafblind people who do not have sufficient visual acuity are unable to lipread, leading to a reduction in their ability to Education understand speech.

Some deafblind people find this particularly frustrating, whereas others are philosophical about the difficulties and Federal - Credit Forum - Creditboards, more concerned about the reactions of other people. RB was now totally blind and had recently started losing her hearing. Although she wore two hearing aids, she found her hearing loss more difficult to deal with than her blindness. “I feel I’ve got my blindness under control, but my deafness floors me, because I can’t read people’s lips, which is really difficult for me, but there is | Templates & Designs nothing I can do. I have to adapt and above all my family and friends need to adapt.” She noted the Free Templates Certificates way “the two disabilities aggravate the situation,” since she cannot lipread whereas a friend who was “almost totally deaf, if I speak to Education & Training & Designs her when I am right in Guest Who Gets front of Newsletters, her, she reads my lips and manages very well.” However, despite the fact that in discussion groups she was only able to hear “possibly a quarter of what goes on,” LB did not seem particularly upset that she was unable to lipread, as “I can’t see the lips clearly enough.” She was more concerned that “everybody else is comfortable.” SK had some vision and used speech but required good listening conditions to understand it. This is typical for hard-of-hearing people and is likely to be even more of a problem for Wedding deafblind people due to Newsletters their limited information from lipreading. Using the telephone presented particular challenges, as is again typical of hard-of-hearing people. “If there is a lot of noise I sometimes have problems, but I generally know what they are saying. If someone sends me an SMS and I’m not able to Ray Ban Format Free Format read it normally, I have a function for spelling letter by letter. … That makes it easier for me to understand. Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs. … It’s more difficult than normal [to use the phone on Fax Cover Sheet For Sending, a noisy street] … but it’s even worse when I’m on a tram and Education, someone rings me. I answer the call, ask who is calling and … then say I am on the tram and will ring off, as the tram is noisy and Navy Federal Pre-Approval Letter Forum, everything gets muddled up.” She used the loudspeaker mode, which meant that everyone could hear the person speaking to her. Education & Training Newsletters & Designs. “Sometimes when I go with ES [her partner] I give him the phone and he speaks for me.

He repeats what it is about, I answer and Free Templates & Examples, he repeats what I have said on the phone.” Some concerns were also expressed about other people’s reactions and lack of patience, though “people do try” [CF]. It is frequently easier for hard-of-hearing people to understand people they know, as well as to ask them to Education Newsletters & Designs repeat something, but communication difficulties can make other people impatient. “If I already know someone a bit and I don’t understand it, I’ll ask them to repeat it, but I try to avoid this, as people don’t like repeating things. … People don’t have patience with poor hearing. I try to avoid asking people to Company Profile Format Free Company Profile Sample repeat things, but sometimes … I have to…. & Training & Designs. When I’m talking to people and I say my hearing’s bad, over the last 20 years no-one has gone away because they were bored talking to me. - Credit Forum - Creditboards. … People might show their impatience and irritation in Education & Training | Templates their voices, but they stay and try to Wedding Template Agreements explain. I can’t complain that people do not try to & Training | Templates help me, but I try to be as independent as possible” [CF].

CF “generally understand[s] people, except when people talk quietly because they do not know I’m deaf … Sometimes people are offended when I don’t answer questions. I have to accept that. Sometimes I don’t understand, sometimes people are angry when I don’t answer. I remain confident, serious. … but I generally understand. Besides, I generally use the same transport. Navy Federal - Creditboards. When I go to work, people often know me.” He did not always tell people he was deaf when he had problems understanding. “If I’m not able to hear, then I don’t know who to tell that my hearing’s bad. If people say something, but I’m not sure whether they are talking to me, I don’t answer, as I don’t know who to answer.”

KL had two digital hearing aids and had worn aids since she was three. She found it easier to understand people she knew. “When my classmates spoke at the start of & Training, last year I did not understand them. For instance, one of my classmates has a quiet voice and I did not understand her last year, but now I’m used to her and understand her better, I also pay more attention. … When someone I don’t know speaks I have to Guest List pay attention. … It depends on the voice.” Some of their experiences may have a humorous note and the participants may make light of them subsequently, but were very frustrating and/or distressing at the time. BN discussed an incident at the post office when he went to collect a missed delivery. “I … couldn’t even see which counter was open, they all looked the same. Someone pointed me at one so I went to Education | Templates that and List - Deciding Invited, slid the card under the glass partition … no idea what they said probably wanted ID? I just showed blind reg[istration] card that has name address and states I’m reg[istered] blind … got the parcel but had to walk to the end of the counter where there’s a window that they can pass it through and I couldn’t find that window but we got there eventually.” Other incidents, for Newsletters instance when travelling, have the Free Gift & Examples potential to be more serious and even dangerous.

The fact that transport staff have not been trained to Education & Training Newsletters & Designs communicate with deafblind people further complicates the situation, though some of them recognize regular deafblind travellers and know their main destination(s). For instance, BN did not know what happened when everyone got off a delayed train he was on. “Then I noticed everyone getting off again, so I did the same but had no idea what was going on, apparently it was taken out of service. … I made my way to the assistance office and the guy on Fax Cover For Sending Resume, duty there took me to the next platform where another train was coming in to replace the first one. Education. … I don’t really understand them [people in the assistance office] as they’re not too clued up on Ray Ban Company Company Sample, deafblind issues but they know which train I should be on to get to T [city].” Like other disabled people, deafblind people often need to find ingenuous solutions to Education & Training overcome barriers. Gift Certificate Gift & Examples. Recently when looking for & Training Newsletters a school he had not been to previously, BN realized that he was on the right road but had gone too far, as the area was becoming too built up for the park he knew was opposite it. Company Format Free Company Format. He turned round and texted someone else going to the same meeting to watch out for him and text him when he walked past the entrance. However, communication barriers do not end when deafblind people reach their destinations. As LR said, “It’s often not just a case of Education & Training & Designs, going somewhere, but doing something when you get there.” People with significant hearing impairments frequently need assistance to communicate with their doctors (Damen, Krabbe, Kilsby, Mylanus, 2005), raising the Wedding Invited issue of the need for additional training for Education & Training Newsletters & Designs doctors in communicating with hearing impaired people. This parallels the findings of recent research (Hersh, Ohene-Djan, Naqvi, 2010; Ohene-Djan, Hersh, Naqvi, 2010) on Guest - Deciding Who Gets Invited, the need for training for the police, driving instructors, public transport drivers, and other personnel in communicating with deaf people.

Communication with, for instance, doctors and lawyers also raises privacy issues, which may make the use of volunteer or even professional guide-communicators an unsuitable option. LR considered that he needed to & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs visit doctors and officials with someone else, as “officials don’t respect deaf people, they don’t want to Gift Certificate Templates Gift Certificates & Examples write everything down with large letters. … I need to go to the doctor with my wife, you cannot do everything with a guide. … Few officials are willing to write things down or repeat their questions. They are impatient. … On my own there’s no point in Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs going … only for For Janitorial Services And Commercial a printed paper I can’t read.” He also experienced difficulties when shopping. Education & Training. “I come with my basket, the Fax Cover Resume assistant says something, I indicate my ears, she shows me her screen, I indicate my eyes. … Generally I work out the Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs cost myself. I do not buy things if I do not know the prices, as I cannot talk with the assistant. … It would be better if I knew what everything cost, but sometimes it’s not possible, as the prices change. … If there’s a price, I take out my magnifying glass and Fax Cover For Sending Resume, look at it. If there’s no price, I don’t buy it.”

Isolation was a problem for some of the participants due to a combination of the difficulties other people experienced in communicating with them and the barriers to Education & Training | Templates independent travel. FS was dependent on Wedding Contract Contract | Contract, volunteers to take her out and commented that if more volunteers were available she would like to “go for walks once or twice a week, just to get out of the Education Newsletters & Designs house, no matter where—cafe, airport, park, town centre, just to get out of the house.” She had joined a religious group whose members collected her and took her to services, whereas her daughter said “it is very interesting, … the translation is good and she understands everything.” From her daughter’s perspective, “the meeting lasts two hours, so I get two hours off.” Though neither FS nor her daughter said anything to indicate this, it seems open to question whether the main attraction for FS was having people to tactile sign with rather than any religious belief, as well as whether this matters. Many countries have very small organizations of deafblind people. Although many participants reported very positive experiences with organizations of Fax Cover, blind people, FP’s experiences were less satisfactory. At the Union of Deaf People he was asked “What are you doing here? Why don’t you go to the Union of Blind People? However, few people sign there. Deafblind people … are rejected by both deaf and blind people. That’s very sad.” He lived with his mother who knew the Polish deafblind manual alphabet, but was only able to sign a few words. FP was used to lipreading her, but this was becoming more difficult for & Training him.

Participants had also lost friends or been treated in Wedding List - Deciding a different way due to becoming (more obviously) disabled, though equally many of them had made many new friends and taken up new activities. RB, who was in her seventies, noted “When I first became blind … everyone kept their distance … and I realised that this distancing was due to … not knowing how to behave, … they felt awkward and found it easier to avoid the problem. … my children were upset that … people did not ring me any more.” This parallels the experiences of older focus group participants who feared ostracism by friends if they found out about their hearing impairments (Lejeune, 2010). Support, Independence, and Overcoming Depression. Becoming deafblind in Education & Training | Templates adulthood, whether gradually or suddenly, is Federal - Credit Forum - Creditboards very challenging, practically, emotionally, and psychologically. Support is generally required both to Education Newsletters learn the Free Certificate | Sample Gift new skills required for independence as a deafblind person and to accept and integrate the new identity. Learning practical skills will generally require the & Training | Templates involvement of professional trainers, whereas psychological support can come from a variety of Proposal And Commercial, sources, including family, friends, organizations of | Templates & Designs, blind people, psychologists, and other professionals. However, family, friends, and deafblind people themselves may have little factual information and accept and be influenced by negative perceptions and stereotypes (Adams, 1993). For instance, VR “had never met a blind person before, so I couldn’t imagine it.

At first I thought that I would be left at home waiting for someone to visit me.” Therefore, involvement with organizations of deafblind, blind, or deaf people is needed to present more positive images, as well as to Wedding Contract | Contract Agreements obtain information and support and facilitate involvement in a range of activities. Although there have been some improvements in a number of countries, this is by no means universal and Education & Training | Templates & Designs, many people are still just given a diagnosis without any further information. Navy Pre-Approval - Credit. They are then left on Education & Training Newsletters, their own to find out Free Certificates about services and training and to cope with the impact of knowing they are losing their sight and/or hearing and to come to Education & Training Newsletters terms with and intergrate this new self-image as a disabled person. As a result of this lack of support, depression is not an uncommon reaction. PV had a mini breakdown and a period of depression after having to give up driving. He recovered with the Company Profile Free Profile Sample Format help of medication and counselling, but “had to fight very hard to get it on the NHS [National Health Service]. … They don’t discuss the & Training Newsletters & Designs mental and emotional psychological problems that arise. Federal Pre-Approval - Credit Forum. Yeah one friend of mine committed suicide just because he was going blind. … Counselling support would be a very important backup. & Training Newsletters & Designs. … They need mobility support from the Format Company Profile local authorities and they need to level the playing field out Newsletters | Templates because some areas of the country can’t get mobility officers.” However, he considered that things had improved with, for instance, the national organization for blind people now providing weekends away in an adapted hotel for supportive discussions. An initial period of Fax Cover Sheet, depression followed the loss of GL’s sight, when she was not provided any information. “I used to read a lot. When I lost my sight, I became depressed.

I didn’t know what to do with myself. Education | Templates & Designs. My dream in my old age was to Contract Agreements be able to Education | Templates read anything I wanted whenever I wanted. I really loved handicrafts. I knew I would not be bored in my old age. There is Sheet very little information on where to seek help when you lose your sight.” A further cause of Newsletters & Designs, depression, particularly when combined with a lack of information about available support, is no longer being able to ignore slowly progressing sensory impairments or the onset of Sample Proposal, a second sensory impairment (Lejeune, 2010). Sixty-three-year-old VR was born with a mild hearing impairment and started using hearing aids when she started losing her sight 18 years ago. About 5 years ago, she stopped going out in the evening due to the start of Education | Templates & Designs, night blindness. “I just stopped seeing my surroundings properly, … and I wasn’t sure about Certificate Gift Certificates & Examples my steps.” This continued with her trying to ignore what was happening. Newsletters & Designs. “Then I started losing the ability to recognise colour and Wedding Guest List - Deciding Who Gets, details and then I realised it was getting serious. … So I didn’t want to go outside the Education | Templates & Designs door. Free Gift Gift. … I was starting to have problems with everything, with cooking, … keeping the house and cleaning. Education & Training Newsletters. … I was just crying and crying.” When she was diagnosed, the doctors just told her the diagnosis and Free Certificate | Sample Gift Certificates, give her treatment, but did not tell her about any organizations for & Training Newsletters & Designs deafblind or blind people. Some deafblind people resist looking for support, including for Wedding -Marriage | Contract Agreements depression (Lejeune, 2010) and/or feel that they either do not need support and should try to be as independent of Education, other people as possible or that they are not entitled to support.

RB “did not go to anyone for help, as I would have refused to go to a psychologist, as I thought I had to manage on my own. List - Deciding Who Gets Invited. … in the end I gradually found reasons and told myself that I did not really have depression, because I had children who were still around, … and I travelled with my husband. … I also had a lot of help from the Education & Training | Templates Union of Blind People. … I had always refused the Free Gift Certificate Templates Gift & Examples Union, … if I’d come here earlier I’d have probably suffered less. But I did not want to come. If you go to the blind Union, it means you are blind!” It was through contact with her national Union of Blind People that RB realized that “Blind people can do things!” Several other participants were also very appreciative of support from a national organization of blind people, but found out about it by chance. For instance, a chance encounter at a hospital eye department led DH to the national organization of blind people and training in a rehabilitation centre. “In the hospital they gave me a cane and told me to use it, but did not tell me how.” At the rehabilitation centre, DH, who became blind a few years ago in her fifties, quickly learnt to use the cane and to read Braille, which she continued to enjoy. “I learnt for myself to have contact with the written word. … I was born for a second time.” Involvement with an organization of deafblind people enables newly deafblind or blind people to meet other (deaf)blind people who frequently act as role models, show them what is possible with regard to activities and Education & Designs, lifestyles, and even teach them particular skills. For instance, DH was influenced by MP, who “is a very good man. … He is able to pass on his knowledge to other people. If he can work, manage a firm, his family, get around, then so can I. I have been in the local blind union for six years. I am now the Fax Cover For Sending Resume president after the last elections.” Observing blind and deafblind people carrying out ordinary activities, enjoying life, and being happy can also be very important.

RB was influenced by Newsletters | Templates & Designs WK, who she met at the local organization of Fax Cover Sheet Resume, blind people “but then I came here … and & Training | Templates, met WK and realised that she was independent, that she got around, I heard her laugh, saw how happy she was. It was an illumination.” VR’s period of depression ended when TL, a worker from the For Sending organization of deafblind people, came to visit her. “She told me that blind people use a cane. … I used to & Training | Templates read a lot, but couldn’t read any more, so TL told me about Sample Braille and that I would be able to read again. TL also helped me with mobility, so I could manage in the house on Education & Training & Designs, my own and Gift Templates | Sample Gift Certificates & Examples, manage the cooking and everything. … She told me about activities and Education & Training, holidays … And thanks to joining these activities I realised I that I can still go swimming, go crosscountry skiing, do lots of things.” However, there are insufficient professionals (and volunteers). For instance, the guide-communicator service in the United Kingdom provides support with both travel and Contract | Contract, communication, but is limited. BN described the type of service he would like, with a guide-communicator available whenever and for whatever activities needed, but that was not currently available. “You should be free to just go when you want. Newsletters. let’s say you wake up on a Sunday morning and fancy some retail therapy but you’ll need a communicator guide who just doesn’t happen to be free right now.” On the one hand, support from family members can enable deafblind people to engage in a range of activities. Ray Ban Free Company Profile. On the & Training | Templates other, it may lead to dependence, and the deafblind person may feel endebted, be concerned about what will happen if the Proposal Services And Commercial relative dies, and feel that they have lost their privacy (Senseand Deafblind UK, 1999). Relatives have a limited amount of free time and relatives and professionals may try to restrict the deafblind person’s activities to those they approve of and Education & Training | Templates & Designs, consider safe rather than recognizing that disabled people, including deafblind people, are entitled to make their own decisions about risks and Sample Proposal For Janitorial And Commercial Cleaning, have the same responsibility for their own safety as everyone else (Tregaskis, 2004). The comments by AR and his wife, who interpreted into & Training | Templates, tactile sign language for him, illustrated some of these points.

AR thought he would be able to travel further on his own, whereas his wife disagreed. “He needs a guide. For instance, he goes to the shop and bumps into a shelf with goods and everything falls. If a child cannot see from when it is small, it has learnt. The school has taught it. It is very difficult to teach an adult. He does not know what is Wedding Guest List Who Gets Invited happening.” It was difficult to get a reply from AR directly. Newsletters. However, he became very stressed when asked if better training with a cane would help him become more independent. “If my wife went and left me on my own, I would commit suicide, because I would not know who would do the shopping and help me.” Both AR and his wife agreed on the communication difficulties, with AR noting “There are difficulties in translation. I am with my wife every day, we are used to each other and Pre-Approval Letter - Credit Forum - Creditboards, we understand each other very well. When I have an interpreter … I don’t understand him, we don’t have contact.

It needs practice.” His wife stated that “It is difficult for him to & Training | Templates communicate. It is very hard for a deafblind person on his own, because he gets bored, he is not able to contact people. He needs a wife. If he had good vision, he would be independent.” In some cases of overprotection, the solution is just to ignore the opinions and concerns of Wedding Contract Template Contract | Contract, family and friends. & Designs. For instance, RB “didn’t ask them, I just took the cane and went out.” However, this requires considerable self-confidence and may also put tension on family relationships.

Professionals may also both provide support and restrict the activities of deafblind people as a result of (over)protection. HK received some orientation and mobility training, but was discouraged by his instructor from travelling on his own. “I had orientation and mobility training, but have not been able to travel on my own, my hearing loss could make it dangerous. … [When I had orientation and mobility training my hearing] was a bit better, but my instructor did not want me to Wedding Contract Contract Agreements travel on my own. He was afraid … If you could hear, at the end of the course you were able to travel independently, to travel home on your own. In my case it would have been too dangerous, so they did not want to Education | Templates give me permission. … I know a lot of techniques of using a cane, it’s just a question of my hearing. If you can’t hear you have to use a guide.” However, a number of deafblind people do travel independently and Sample For Janitorial Services Cleaning, it seems that HK was not given sufficient information to evaluate the & Training | Templates & Designs risks and make a decision for Ray Ban Company Profile Free Company Profile Sample Format himself. This is an example of the Education way in which disabled people are made dependent by being prevented from taking risks or not given the information to make informed choices about Wedding Contract Contract Agreements activities involving a degree of risk (Perske, 1972; Tregaskis, 2004). Deafblind people are not just passive recipients of Education | Templates, support. They are also able to provide support to other people and/or become active in community, campaigning, political, and charitable organizations. Four of the - Creditboards interviewees were on the executive committees of organizations of blind or deafblind people: SG and LB were the presidents of small national organizations for deafblind people, and DH and GT the presidents of the | Templates local branch of a national organization for Sample And Commercial Cleaning blind and Newsletters & Designs, deafblind people respectively. SG was involved with his organization and Free Templates Certificates & Examples, the support of a research institute in developing an “internet kiosk” to & Training & Designs give blind and visually impaired people access to newspapers. Previously he had worked for many years for the national organization of blind people and -Marriage Contract | Contract Agreements, been involved in Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs developing rehabilitation programs.

GT was involved in a project evaluating internet services and once a week provided computer training for blind, partially sighted, and deafblind people. He also worked and And Commercial, was responsible for one of the regional departments of his firm. As he said “I do a lot. I am not a passive person.” The need to be involved in society and to help other people was expressed very clearly by DH: “The worst thing is to shut yourself up in the house and do nothing. … To help even one person … to Education & Designs help them learn to live again would be a great success.” The need to do something of value and contribute to society is just as important for deafblind as for Who Gets non-disabled people. This sentiment was very clearly expressed by & Training & Designs FP’s mother, who interpreted for him. “We come here [Deafblind Centre] to help make flyers. We have a need to help. A while ago there was a sign language class, so he came along as a volunteer. He was eager to help. … It did not pay, but it was even more important to him from the psychological point of view to be needed.” This paper has discussed communication, independence, and isolation for Fax Cover an understudied group of deaf people who also have visual impairments, using data from semistructured interviews in six different countries with 27 deafblind people and the mother of an autistic deafblind woman.

Although the aim was to obtain rich data rather than a statistically representative sample, interviews were carried out Education Newsletters | Templates with deafblind people with a range of different characteristics, though there were no deafblind people from ethnic minority groups. The themes that emerged included the Wedding Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited barriers to communication, the changes in communication strategies over time, the need for support, including in overcoming these barriers, the differences between support and overprotection, and the problems of Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs, isolation and depression, as well as the fact that deafblind people want to make a contribution rather than just be passive and are, therefore, actively involved in organizations of blind and deafblind people and in providing support to other people. The research participants used a variety of different communication strategies, determined largely by their available senses and Sample For Janitorial Services And Commercial Cleaning, communication skills. Many of & Training Newsletters & Designs, them had changed communication method, for instance, from sign to Resume tactile sign language or to printing letters on the palm in addition to speech, as their hearing impairment increased. Several of the respondents used speech supported by hearing aids and lipreading. The combination of the two impairments and difficulties in lipreading were both issues for these participants. They felt that other people “tried” and & Training Newsletters | Templates, did not like to Fax Cover Sheet ask them to repeat things, as well as finding it easier to understand people they knew. There is a need for better training in communicating with deafblind and deaf people for many groups of workers, particularly those who interact with the & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs public. Although some of the communication difficulties experienced were purely frustrating, others had the potential to put the person at risk. In the literature, there has been a tendency to consider communication problems to be purely a consequence of the deafblind person’s impairments rather than the Free Gift Certificate Gift attitudinal and infrastructural accessibility barriers and other people’s lack of knowledge about communicating with them.

In the interviews, deafblind people generally took responsibility for other people being able to understand them rather than seeing this as a social responsibility. Although this further illustrates the fact that deafblind people are responsible members of society who are eager to Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs participate in and contribute to it, there is a need for Letter greater social and communal responsibility for Newsletters & Designs communicating with deafblind people, as well as recognition of the disadvantages to society as a whole from their exclusion. A combination of barriers to And Commercial Cleaning communication and independent travel had left a number of the participants very isolated. Participants who did not go out (beyond the local shops) on their own were dependent on family members, volunteers, and sometimes professional guide-communicators. Education | Templates. There were generally too few volunteers available and even fewer professional guide-communicators, leading to Fax Cover Sheet For Sending Resume both pressure on family members and isolation of deafblind people. One of the respondents expressed the resulting isolation and the need “just to get out of the house, no matter where” particularly clearly, whereas her daughter expressed the need for additional activities for deafblind people as well as the Education need for support from professionals and volunteers to enable her to have “time off.” There is thus a need for a wide range of activities to be made accessible to deafblind people through communication (and travel) support and Profile Free Sample, activities organized specifically for deafblind people that take account of their communication needs.

Discussions of independence and support in the literature often equate independence to the ability to carry out Education & Training Newsletters | Templates daily living activities, so that deafblind people are generally considered dependent and to require support to Profile Format Company Format overcome their functional limitations. Newsletters & Designs. Alternative approaches consider independence in terms of autonomy and Federal Pre-Approval Letter - Credit, decision making and | Templates & Designs, interdependence with regard to contributing to and participating in the wider society and this contribution being valued. This then leads to Free Gift | Sample & Examples consideration of the support and other measures required for deafblind people to participate in and contribute to society. The different approaches have significant practical as well as theoretical consequences, because the policy and support measures for deafblind people are generally determined by the dominant theories, and the resulting low expectations and negative attitudes are considered barriers to self-determination (Adams, 1993). Two participants eloquently expressed the need to be active, participate in society, and make a contribution. The engagement of deafblind people as active citizens and in providing support for other people was illustrated by Education Newsletters the fact that four of the participants were the presidents of national or local branches of national organizations for blind or deafblind people and Wedding - Deciding Invited, that a fifth participant volunteered at his local center for blind people. Although not represented amongst the interviewees, a number of deafblind people act as carers or personal assistants to older or disabled relatives. Although changes are probably taking place, at least in Education some countries, most of the Wedding Contract Template Contract | Contract Agreements participants were given a diagnosis with little subsequent support or follow-up. For a number of the interviewees, this lack of support led to shorter or longer periods of depression. Several of Education & Training, them mentioned the role of their national organization of blind or deafblind people in Guest List Who Gets Invited providing support, engaging them in activities, and showing them that they could still have a good quality of Newsletters | Templates & Designs, life. They also mentioned specific individuals active in these organizations who acted as role models and showed that “[deaf]blind people can do things.” Although many of the respondents were grateful to organizations of deafblind or blind people for their support and showing them that they could still have a good quality of life, one respondent had found that organizations of both blind people and deaf people were less than welcoming.

Some of the Proposal Services And Commercial Cleaning respondents initially resisted the idea of support or the & Training Newsletters | Templates idea of involvement with an organization of blind people, as that would involve accepting that they were indeed blind. There seemed to be greater similarities than differences in the experiences of participants in the different countries with regard to communication barriers, depression, and isolation. However, there were differences in the availability of support, including in organized services of volunteers and the availability of professional guide-communicators. Where professional guide-communicators were provided, for instance, in the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic, there were too few of them. Support was provided in all the countries by organizations of deafblind, blind, and deaf people, though the resources of these organizations and the support they were able to provide differed.

This work was supported by Contract Template -Marriage | Contract Agreements a Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust. No conflicts of interest were reported. I would like to thank the Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs Leverhulme Trust for the award of Ray Ban Free Sample Format, a Research Fellowship, which supported this work; the many blind, visually impaired, and deafblind people who participated in interviews and | Templates, gave of their time and Fax Cover For Sending Resume, expertise; and the colleagues and organizations who provided me with support. Education & Training | Templates. Although I cannot unfortunately mention everyone, particular thanks are due to Hanna Pasterny and CRIS, Monica Schmid and l’Instituto Maugeri, Mario Barbuto and Gift Templates | Sample & Examples, l’Instituto Cavazza, la Federation des Associations des Chiens Guides, Rene Farcy, Mike Johnson, ONCE in Santander and La Rioja and Polski Zwiazek Niewidomych. I would also like to thank Jo Ferrie and Education & Training | Templates & Designs, the anonymous reviewers for their very helpful comments and suggestions. Online ISSN 1465-7325 Print ISSN 1081-4159 Copyright © 2017 Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and | Sample, education by publishing worldwide. Copyright 2017 Oxford University Press Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Site Map Accessibility Get Adobe Reader.

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Creative resumes and visual layouts are not yet well accepted by all hiring managers, so be sure to consider your industry. Template -Marriage Contract. We created 12 new designs featuring a variety of graphics for you to download – see our Infographic Resume Library. This new resume template library provides resume examples for various careers and career stages. If you are a student or recent graduate with little or no job experience, then try our entry-level job examples: For students or recent graduates with some work experience, see more of our entry-level resume samples: Use these industry-specific examples if you have three or more years of professional experience in customer service or healthcare industries: If you live in one of the Newsletters & Designs South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against using templates and resume builders. They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and keeps you from standing out from Cleaning other candidates.

This concern is & Training & Designs, worth considering. Recruiters and hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and moved to the slush pile. Templates fix the issue of poor formatting by doing it for you. With a template, you will not spend hours trying to adjust margins and Contract Template -Marriage Contract Agreements fonts. The content produced by & Training, resume templates and Proposal And Commercial builders, however, is not meant to be the Newsletters & Designs final result. Every job seeker’s experience is unique, and a template needs to be customized to match and Guest List - Deciding Who Gets Invited promote that singular experience.

A chronological resume template should not be used by a job-hopper, and a skills-based resume is not the best choice for Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs executives with an impressive vertical career progression. Templates are meant to be a place to start the difficult process of Pre-Approval - Credit Forum creating your resume. They aren’t one-size-fits all, cookie-cutter solutions, and they shouldn’t be treated as ready-made resumes. When used for guidance and inspiration when writing your own unique and original resume, resume templates can be a powerful weapon in landing more interviews more quickly. What are they and & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs do you need one? If resume formatting is not your thing, you can get help from an Sample For Janitorial Cleaning online resume builder. This resume-making tool handles both design and content, and & Training | Templates can create excellent first drafts.

The search for | Contract work is a race, and resume builders are starting blocks. They don’t get you to the finish line, but can give you a head start over your competition. Resume builders offer many features that simplify the Education & Designs job-hunting process. Here are a few: Email and online resume – You can email prospective employers or post your resume online in many formats. Writing Tips – Use tips and sample phrases to Free Gift Certificate | Sample Gift & Examples describe your work history and achievements. Cover letter templates and builders – Build a strong cover letter with templates and tips.

Design – Built-in resume templates take care of formatting and design. Resume samples – Compare your resume against Education & Training Newsletters, samples. Ray Ban Profile Company Profile Sample. Resume analytics – Find out if your resume is being viewed and Education & Training | Templates downloaded. … but keep in mind. As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts.

The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and Resume industry jargon. They do not, however, always sound natural. | Templates & Designs. As Brenda Barron pointed out at business.tutsplus.com, “Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing.” Resumes serve two functions. Their overt function is to list your skills, experience, and education. But their covert function is to show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style. Because of this, you need to edit your resume so that it sounds close to your natural, professional speaking voice. If you feel a resume builder is the tool for you, see this page to find an online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to do more than introduce you and highlight some of your skills. Sheet. It needs to Education | Templates be engaging, well crafted, and well researched.

It needs to avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to tell the story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Tell the potential employer why this job is important to Company Free Company you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the following guidelines. Don’t skimp – While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of Education & Training Newsletters | Templates & Designs time. Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job interview—even if the employer doesn’t read it.

And if the hiring committee has a tough choice between you and a few other applicants, then a cover letter can be what separates you from your competitors. Keep it brief – And the Who Gets shorter the Education Newsletters | Templates & Designs better. According to Navy Federal Pre-Approval a resume survey of Newsletters employers in Orange County, California, “Nearly 70% of Free Gift Certificate & Examples employers want either a half page cover letter or ‘the shorter the better’ approach.” But there is some leeway here. If the Education position or your experiences warrant it, then using more than half a page would be fine. Just make sure it’s well crafted. If possible, create a narrative – Especially when experience or the Gift Templates Gift & Examples position warrants a longer cover letter—executive resumes, for Newsletters & Designs example—make it tell a story. The narrative structure is a powerful device, and if you can use context, conflict, and resolution, then the reader won’t care that it is long. Sheet For Sending Resume. For a resume, a narrative’s context might be your work history. The conflict may be experiences you’ve had in the past that left you wanting to do more than your previous position allowed. And the resolution could be getting this new job. Do your research – Research each company you apply to, and craft a new cover letter for each of them.

With social media, this is far easier than it used to & Training & Designs be. Follow accounts of the company and Profile Free Format its executives on Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. & Training | Templates & Designs. Focus on details – Make sure that every word is essential. Use a spelling and grammar checker and writing apps. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice. Read from the Navy Letter - Credit end to the beginning and use other editing and | Templates & Designs proofreading tips. Learn how to Contract | Contract format a resume by making the most of Microsoft Word’s features. Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and tricks. How to use paragraph styles and themes How to change header, footer, margins, and page size How to fit resume text on Education Newsletters one page, and how to Wedding Template Contract | Contract Agreements remove blank pages How to customize tabs, text boxes and tables How to add and remove sections. Please keep in mind that:

All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and & Training & Designs many of them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and Pre-Approval - Credit OpenOffice. We create our templates in Microsoft Office 2010 and we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on & Training & Designs your computer. We use text styles and Sheet For Sending Resume built-in color schemes to & Designs create our templates. Wedding. Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the process of modifying a template. While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. You can change the page size to make it compatible with the size used in your country.

For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the & Training Newsletters | Templates page color to “none” and print on a high-quality colored paper. If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved.

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