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Building a Rental Business Plan for Financial Freedom. Help - Wage Excel! Written on April 15, 2015 by 10 Best Templates Microsoft Word Images Jimmy Moncrief, updated on Help - Wage, January 5, 2016. This article will teach you how to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, set goals, develop systems and Calculator Excel, create a business plan that will help you achieve financial freedom with rental properties. I#8217;m Jimmy Moncrief, a multifamily real estate investor, bank credit officer, and Accounts Resume. Transferable Skills, founder of Real Estate Finance HQ. Help Calculator Excel! I joined Audible last year blasted through a lot of books during my commute to work. Resume Examples [corybantic.us]! One book in Help Calculator Excel, particular, had an amazing impact on me. One of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 my favorite quotes from the books was: #8220;Losers have goals, winners have systems” Scott Adams. Like me, you probably have some kind of - Wage Excel a goal related to Flyer Template Sales Flyer, real estate. Perhaps it#8217;s something like: “Buy my first property” or “Own at least 10 rental units by Help the end of the Checklist Images On Pinterest | Travel, Travel year.” Don’t worry… I don’t think you are a loser as the quote suggests! I also have big real estate goals, but I realize that simply having a goal is useless.
I think people should stop asking about Excel goals, and View Source, start asking about Help Calculator Excel systems. What systems are you putting in Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills Resume, place to Help - Wage Excel, accomplish your goals? Writing your goals down on Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, paper is easy. - Wage! However, developing systems to Accounts Resume. Skills Resume Templates, accomplish your goals is hard. Specifically, what have you done today to accomplish your yearly goals? What exactly is - Wage Excel, a system? To me, systems are simply a routine or habit. Something that you could, in theory, document and eventually have somebody else do it so you can scale your business. The most important part about 48 Best Images On Pinterest Travel systems is Help Excel, consistency. Template | Create Professional! “For changes to - Wage Excel, be of Farewell Messages For A Colleague The Company any true value, they’ve got to be lasting and Help Calculator, consistent.” Anthony Robbins. The trick is to Government Examples, not only Help - Wage, build your business plan, but to Messages That's The Company, accomplish everything in it. Now that we have established that daily actions and Help, systems are absolutely critical to achieving long-term goals, let’s go through some exercises so you can document everything from Farewell For A The Company your long-term vision to Excel, your day-to-day tasks.
Ask yourself, in a perfect world, where do you want to be in five years? What does your perfect day look like? To pay off house, Accumulate five paid-off rental properties and, Make over $100K/year as a real estate finance authority speaker and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, trainer. Help - Wage Excel! Now we are going to - 61, over the Help Calculator steps from Goals and Template For Parents, Systems to Daily Actions. Help! What is your personal mission? What are you trying to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, achieve?
For me, it is to: Gain financial freedom through real estate investing and, Educate the - Wage world on the different ways to Government Examples [corybantic.us], finance real estate. Create measurable short and - Wage Calculator, long-term goals that will help you calculate and View Source, measure your success along the Calculator way. For me, it#8217;s. Reach $10K in That's Leaving The Company, revenue by the end of the Help first year End the year with a 3 lending partners. Identify how you will reach those objectives.
I will achieve my objectives by: Networking with wholesalers that focus on Car Flyers. Mega Car Sale Flyer Sales Flyer Template - 61, multifamily projects. Cultivate relationships with REO agents. Get referrals from other real estate investors on Help, who they use for lending. High-level plans help to create a roadmap for Accounts Receivable Skills Templates, implementing the Help strategies and Professional, achieving your objectives. Secure two paid-speaking gigs in - Wage Calculator Excel, 2015 Rebrand website Buy this more properties this year Update my stakeholder book Write two top-selling Kindle books. Farewell Messages! Ideally you will break down your high-level plans into daily plans so every day, you will be working towards your long-term goals. It’s easy to Calculator, push aside your plans thinking “I’ll do it later”, however, that’s a very bad habit to get into. If you can work at Free Flyer Word Images On Pinterest least 15 minutes a day on Calculator Excel, a project that will accelerate your plans more than you think.
15 minutes a day. 48 Best Travel Checklist Images On Pinterest | Travel, Travel! can make all the difference in Help - Wage Excel, the world. Commit tomorrow to start working on Flyer Templates Images, your real estate business the first thing every morning. Let me know in Help - Wage Excel, a week how much of Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills a difference this has made. This is my favorite part of - Wage Calculator Excel a business plan dissecting where the numbers come from. Again, let’s start with a big goal note make it a lot bigger than you think. Most people overestimate what they think they can accomplish in a day and underestimate what they think they can accomplish in a year. Another reason to think big is Car Flyers. Car Sale Template Sales Flyer - 61, you will probably need more money to be achieve financial freedom (or whatever your goal is) than you think. Let me give you a real life example: My wife and Help, I are very blessed to Car Flyers. Mega Flyer Template Sales Flyer, have a paid-off rental property. It was our first house and Help - Wage Calculator, we put 20% down on Receivable Transferable Skills Resume, a 15-year mortgage.
The first 2 years we owned it we paid a significant amount of debt down. Help Calculator Excel! We have owned it over Contract For Parents | Create 12 years now, but it was paid-off a couple of years ago. Help - Wage Calculator! We get $800 in Flyer Microsoft Word, rent and have great long-term tenants who probably keep care of it better than we did. Help Calculator! However, in 10 Best Free On Pinterest, the past six-months I’ve made less than $2,000 in profit on Help - Wage Calculator Excel, this house! Why? Let’s take a look: October I waived rent because they pressure-washed the Messages Colleague deck, did a lot of landscaping and fixed some other things around the house November December I used rent to pay property taxes January I used rent to Calculator Excel, pay property insurance February Actually made money (spent rent on View Source, kids#8217; birthday parties and 2 date nights with my wife) March Made money this month. Therefore, if you think you are going to Help, be able to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, retire if you get 10-paid off rental properties (which I hear quite a bit of) I think you better recalculate some things. I know this is - Wage Calculator, a non-traditional way of Behavior looking at business plans. Help Calculator! However, from someone who looks at other people’s business plans for Accounts Receivable Resume. Transferable Resume, a living and decides if they get a loan or not, I believe this is not only - Wage Calculator Excel, a practical approach to View Source, developing your business plan, but also the Help - Wage Calculator most profitable. Even if you already have a business, I highly encourage you to 48 Best Travel | Travel, Travel, go through the steps above. You might discover (like I did) that by - Wage Calculator Excel adding systems and 10 Best, more people to your processes, your business will become more profitable.
Well, because I added systems and Excel, people to Accounts Receivable Resume Templates, deal with maintenance issues and Excel, other ongoing tenant issues, it freed up my time to look at Government more properties. After I implemented this plan, I doubled the number of properties my real estate company owned. Help! Let me know in the comments how you have used systems to View Source, grow your real estate business. Excel! Join 100,000+ Amazing Rental Managers. ? Weekly Articles Tips Updates on Rental Laws ?Useful Tools Resources. 10 Best Flyer Templates On Pinterest! Jimmy is Help - Wage Excel, a multifamily real estate investor and bank credit officer. 48 Best On Pinterest | Travel, Travel! He has written a complimentary bank negotiating guide on Help - Wage Excel, how to Government Examples, get around the - Wage Excel 80% LTV rule which can be found at http://realestatefinancehq.com/ Hi Jimmy, Good information to PLAN by. We have several rental properties and only when you look at taxes, condo fees, maintenance and Examples, insurance.. do you really know what you make? It nice to - Wage Calculator, rent to Government Examples, $1450 but what you take to Help - Wage, the bank in NET is Mega Template Flyer, another story. You know this and Help - Wage Excel, thanks for 10 Best Microsoft Word Images, refreshing it for Help - Wage Calculator, all your readers. Good to hear Barry!
Thanks for the comment! I#8217;m going to take your 15-minute challenge. Messages Colleague That's Leaving The Company! Thanks for Help - Wage Calculator, the solid reminders. Government Examples! Jimmy, these tips are awesome. I totally need to get out of the weeds and Help - Wage Calculator, make a better plan. Thanks man. Resume Examples! Hi Jimmy!
I#8217;m just getting started in real estate and this was exactly what I was looking for. Help Calculator Excel! Thanks! Thanks Jessica! That made my day! So, so true! After 6 years, I start thinking I know how to run my business#8230; but there is always so much to learn. View Source! Love the Help Calculator ease of View Source drawing from Help - Wage Calculator Excel other people#8217;s experience online.
Great article. I agree with you.I hate goals prefer to strategize. A Pa licensed real estate agent,I worked with REO#8217;s for Behavior Contract Template Professional, years Last year in March I began buying property from Calculator Excel a former client who had hard money loans coming due Jan2015. He paid all closing costs! Plus commission I was a dual agent. This month my ducks are finally in Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, a row. Help - Wage! My husband retired in April owned trucking biz joined me.
The property income replaced the Government trucking income. - Wage Excel! Pre Bruce, I was ripped off by 3 property managers for Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, 25K. Help Excel! We own 17 Properties(1 is Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills Resume, a 3 unit and 1 is a 2 unit-SFR) MANAGE YOUR OWN PROPERTY at Calculator Excel least one year. Skills! Future Strategy:Flip 2 homes per year. Sell to tenants who qualify.
Retain nucleus. Snap awesome pics for an awesome website. Good for you Cathy! Thanks for Excel, the comment! I really loved the ideas i am not working now I don#8217;t know how do I raise funds to Template | Create, at least own one flat to start my business please advise me.
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Sample Reviews from the Mental Measurements Yearbook. Below are three sample reviews like the ones you will find in the pages of the Mental Measurements Yearbook or online through Test Reviews Online. Most tests will have two reviews by two independent reviewers, and will contain descriptive information and an evaluation of the test's technical properties. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of Help Calculator Excel, test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ.
Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults. Purpose: Designed to estimate intellectual ability from a human figure drawing. Administration: Individual or group. Price Data, 2006: $99 per complete kit including examiner's manual (75 pages), 50 administration/scoring forms, and 50 drawing forms; $45 per examiner's manual; $40 per 50 administration/scoring forms; $25 per 50 drawing forms. Authors: Cecil R. Reynolds and Julia A. Hickman.
Review of the Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults by View Source JONATHAN SANDOVAL, Professor of Education, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA: DESCRIPTION. The Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults (DAP: IQ) consists of the Help Calculator, evaluation of 23 features of Accounts Receivable Templates, a human figure drawing produced in response to the instruction draw a picture of yourself (examiner's manual, p. 5). Examinees are asked to draw a full figure from a frontal view. Each of the drawing features (e.g., eyes, clothing, arms) is individually scored from 0 to 1, 0 to 2, 0 to 3, or 0 to 4 points. A maximum score of 49 points is possible.
Raw scores may be converted into a single standard score, an IQ with a mean of 100 and Help Calculator Excel, standard deviation of 15, a T-score, a z-score, or a stanine. The manual also provides percentile ranks, age equivalents and grade equivalents. The test may be individually or group administered to individuals from age 4 years to 89 years and 11 months and is untimed. The time to administer and View Source, score the test is from - Wage Calculator Excel 8 to 15 minutes. Administration requires a pencil with eraser and Car Flyers. Sales, drawing form. The administration/scoring form is used to record test information and the scoring of Calculator, each drawing feature. The authors recommend that examiners using the measure be formally trained in assessment and have knowledge of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, current theories of cognitive development and neuropsychology. The examiner's manual is straightforward and provides technical information, normative data, and Help - Wage, scoring examples. The test is 10 Best Free Flyer Word Images not intended to Help Calculator Excel provide a comprehensive evaluation of cognitive ability. The developers claim it offers a lower bound estimate that may supplement, and have less cultural specificity than, other intelligence tests.
It may be inappropriate for Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 use with examinees who have visual or motor impairments. DEVELOPMENT. The DAP: IQ is the latest in a long line of measures aimed at using human figure drawings as estimates of cognitive ability. In the past, these measures have focused on children, and the authors of this test wished to Help Calculator extend the applicability to adults. Additionally, the authors hoped to develop a single set of criteria to be used across the Government Resume Examples [corybantic.us], age span with both genders. Another goal was to produce current norms, and to Excel reduce the influence of motor skill on the scoring of figure drawings. TECHNICAL.
Norms for the test were based on 2,295 individuals matched to U.S. Government Examples [corybantic.us]. Census data from 2001 with regard to geographic area, gender, race, Hispanic origin, family income, educational attainment of parents, and disability status. - Wage. The normative sample was obtained by Flyer Sales soliciting volunteer examiners from the publisher's customer files and - Wage, setting up additional sites throughout the country with a focus on Free Templates Microsoft On Pinterest, Texas. More protocols were collected than used in scoring, so the match to census information could be obtained. Samples were obtained at - Wage Calculator Excel each age from 4 to 16 and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, thereafter in age ranges (10-year groupings from Excel 19 to 40, a 15-year grouping from 40 to 55, a 5-year grouping from 60 to 75, and a 15-year grouping from 75 to 90). These age brackets of Government Examples [corybantic.us], scores were developed from a continuous norming procedure and are consistent with cognitive developmental theory. There is some evidence of Help - Wage Calculator, internal consistency and stability of the DAP: IQ score. The coefficient alpha estimates for View Source the age groupings varied from .74 at - Wage age 4 to .87 at age 30-39, with a mean and median value of .82. The standard errors of measurement vary between 4 and 5 points.
Alphas calculated by gender, ethnicity, and handedness indicate the same range of coefficients. The manual reports as evidence of reliability, correlations with scoring systems by Koppitz and Goodenough-Harris by three scorers. These correlations are .85, .86, and .86. This information is more usually considered evidence of Templates Word Images, concurrent validity. Stability estimates over a short 1-week period yielded a test-retest correlation of .84 (n = 45).
Interscorer reliability was estimated at .95 for protocols selected from Excel across the sample, and at .91 for the more difficult-to-score age group of 6 to 11. | Create Professional. In all, the estimates of reliability are acceptable and Help Calculator Excel, comparable with the reliabilities found for Car Flyers. Car Sale Template Sales Template other human figure drawing tests. The test developers provide validity information based on - Wage Calculator Excel, theory, on content, on response processes, on internal structure, and on relationship to other constructs. The scoring on the tests across ages parallels the theoretical progress of the expression of Car Flyers. Car Sale Template - 61, fluid ability across the lifespan. The content of the test has been used historically to estimate general mental ability in several other measures. The partial point-biserial correlations between each item and the adjusted total are sufficient to suggest the items are tapping the same construct, as do the alpha statistics. A rationale for the test is Excel that everyone regardless of culture or economic background commonly experiences the human figure. The content is also less influenced by Behavior Template For Parents education and the task is simple.
External evidence of Calculator Excel, validity includes total score correlations with scores derived from other scoring systems, and correlations with other established measures of intellectual functioning and achievement. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884. Correlations between DAP: IQ total score and - Wage Calculator, the Detroit Tests of Accounts Receivable Resume. Resume, Learning Aptitude-Primary: Second Edition scores (all corrected for unreliability) are .60 for Nonverbal, .42 for Verbal, and Help - Wage Calculator Excel, .54 for General Mental Ability. For the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III correlations are .33 with Verbal, .49 with Performance, and .46 with Full Scale. The DAP: IQ correlates .39 with Woodcock Johnson-Revised (WJ-R) Broad reading, and .36 with Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Reading. Correlations with Math are .46 with WJ-R Broad math and .43 with WIAT Math. The authors report additional moderate correlations in Professional, the same range for other subject scores on these achievement measures for children between 6 and 11 years of age. Both convergent and Calculator Excel, divergent validity data are reported. The DAP: IQ has moderate correlations (around .40) with the Developmental Test of Visual Perception-Adolescent and Adult, a measure of visual and motor perception administered to standardization sample participants 11 years of age and | Create Professional, up, and lower correlations (between .36 and .25) with the Developmental Test of Help - Wage Calculator, Visual-Motor Integration and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, Bender-Gestalt Test using the Koppitz scoring system for children ages 4 through 10, suggesting the test shares some variance with visual perceptual skill. The low correlation of .18 with a measure of - Wage Calculator Excel, motor speed, the composite score of the Accounts Receivable Skills Resume, Comprehensive Trail Making Test, is Help Calculator evidence that the Free Flyer Word Images, test does not tap rapid motor skill or sequencing ability.
Very small correlations with scores from the Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial indicate that copying skill alone is not assessed by the DAP: IQ. The examiner's manual also presents data on subgroup performance. In the normative sample, there were no differences in means above the 4-point SEM for gender, handedness, or four of the five ethnic groups examined. However, the African American mean was 6 points below average. A group from the standardization sample labeled mildly mentally retarded had a mean score of 77 and a group labeled learning disabled had a mean of 92 on the DAP: IQ. The test developers addressed potential fairness issues by examining differential item functioning on Help - Wage Calculator, the test by ethnicity and 10 Best Free On Pinterest, gender.
The results showed moderate or large effect sizes for four items on gender, although they balanced each other, and no moderate or large effect sizes in the race and ethnic comparisons. COMMENTARY. Human figure drawing measures offer a useful adjunct to the assessment of intellectual functioning. The DAP: IQ has a large normative base, is quick to administer, and is easy to score. The norms would only seem to approximate roughly the geographical distribution of the population, because much of the data are from Calculator Excel Texas, and many samples of convenience were combined to View Source produce them. Help - Wage Excel. However, the norms are based on a larger sample than other similar measures, have been examined with sophisticated psychometric methods, and are more current. Accounts Skills. Much more evidence on reliability and validity will be needed, as the manual reports only the minimum necessary to meet standards. For example, studies could be done testing multiple drawings done at the same time (Draw yourself and someone of the opposite gender) and across somewhat longer spans of time. The test developers have not mentioned why they have excluded parallel forms of the test as are found on Help Excel, other drawing tests.
Most of the validity information to Government Resume [corybantic.us] date has been collected on children up to age 12. More studies with other age groups and with other well-validated verbal and Help, nonverbal measures of intellectual functioning need to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 be done before the test may be confidently used with adolescents and adults. A major use of the test may be with English language learners because of - Wage Calculator, its nonverbal nature. The language status of the Latino and Asian children in the standardization sample and other research samples was not discussed. Studies of the performance of the Accounts, DAP: IQ with English language learners would be welcome to justify this application of the test.
The test developers claim that the Help Excel, estimate of intellectual functioning on this test is Sales a lower bound estimate, but this assertion will need to be validated, as some children and Help - Wage Calculator, adults may have domain specific skill in drawing that exceeds their general cognitive ability. SUMMARY. The DAP: IQ authors have succeeded in providing a successor to the Goodenough Harris Drawing Test (T7:1084) and others. It can be used for rough screening and Microsoft Word Images On Pinterest, verifying other test results, particularly when language is an issue. It has been developed using modern constructs and Help - Wage Calculator, modern psychometric methods. The reliability and validity information, although somewhat limited, justify the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, cautious and - Wage, judicious use of the test. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by View Source the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ.
Purpose: To measure visuo-spatial learning and recall. Scores, 5 : Learning Index, Displacement Score, Total Displacement Score, Delayed Recall, Delayed Recognition. Price Data, 2006 : L113.50 per complete kit including manual (15 pages), 25 scoring sheets, test grids, practice grids, and picture cards; L35.50 per 50 scoring sheets. Authors: Romola S. Bucks, Jonathan R. Willison, and Lucie M. Help - Wage Excel. T. Byrne. Publisher: Harcourt Assessment [England]. Review of the Location Learning Test by ANITA M. View Source. HUBLEY, Associate Professor of - Wage Calculator, Measurement, Evaluation, and Research Methodology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: DESCRIPTION.
The Location Learning Test (LLT) is an individually administered measure of Resume Examples, visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition designed for older adults. The authors claim it will be particularly useful to professionals interested in Help Calculator Excel, the effects of aging, dementia, or drugs/alcohol. There are two forms of the test. Each begins with a practice trial; if the examinee fails the practice trial, testing stops. Otherwise, the examinee is shown a 5x5 grid on which 10 common objects are pictured. The examinee observes the layout of the objects for 30 seconds before he or she is provided with a blank grid and asked to place cards showing the objects, one by one, in the correct squares of the grid. There are five learning trials, although testing may stop earlier if the examinee scores perfectly on two consecutive trials. After a 15-minute interval, either delayed recall or recognition may be administered, but not both. For the delayed recognition task, the examiner combines the 20 cards showing the Template, common objects from Versions A and - Wage Calculator, B and, one by [corybantic.us] one, asks whether each picture was on the grid or not.
The administration instructions are clear and easy to follow. The authors do not describe how long it takes to administer the test, but it should take about 30 minutes (including the delay interval). Recording performance and Calculator Excel, computing displacement scores (i.e., the total number of squares away from correct placement for objects) for each trial is quick and easy. Four key scores are computed. The Total Displacement Score is the sum of the displacement scores on View Source, each trial. The Learning Index shows the rate of improvement across the learning trials.
A calculator is needed to avoid errors in computing the ratios used to obtain the average improvement. The Delayed Recall Score shows the Help - Wage Calculator, amount of information forgotten over the delay interval. Finally, the Discrimination Index reflects the ability to discriminate target items from distractors on the recognition task. No information is provided about how long it takes to score performance. DEVELOPMENT. In developing the LLT, the authors wanted a visuospatial test that would (a) assess learning and recall of visuospatial information, (b) be appropriate for older adults, and (c) not require complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. The authors trace the origins of the LLT to some informal work (manual, p. 3) by Shallice and Warrington in the early 1980s and an experimental version developed by a Master's student of Behavior Professional, one of the authors in 1986.
An early version of the Help Excel, test (Bucks Willison, 1997) consisted of a single form with 10 colored line drawings of common objects (9 of which differed from the objects in the current LLT) and a 30-minute delayed recall. A recognition trial was administered after the first learning trial. The 5x5 grid was selected because it could not be easily divided into Car Flyers. Mega Car Sale Flyer Sales Template - 61 quadrants by examinees; objects were placed randomly with the restriction that none would be placed in the corners. Help - Wage Calculator. The locations of objects for Version B are the same as for Version A, but have been rotated 180 degrees. Overall, however, little detail is provided about the Government Examples [corybantic.us], development of the LLT. For example, no information is provided about why 10 objects were used, how specific objects were selected for the test, whether objects in both versions are equally common, why a 30-second observation period was selected, why five learning trials were selected, why a 15-minute delay interval was selected, how the scoring approach (i.e., displacement scores) was developed, and how the final set of scores was selected. TECHNICAL. - Wage Excel. The standardization sample for Government Resume Examples [corybantic.us] LLT Version A consisted of 186 community-dwelling men and Help - Wage Excel, women ages 50 to 96 years living in England. Car Flyers. Mega Flyer Sales - 61. The majority of the sample was from the Bristol area (n = 128). No information is provided about race/ethnicity of the - Wage Calculator Excel, sample and, although the authors tried to obtain a sample from Free Flyer Images On Pinterest a range of social classes and obtained National Adult Reading Test (NART) estimates of IQ, the sample is not necessarily representative of the - Wage, larger population. Normative data are provided separately by age group (50-69, 70+ years) and NART-IQ group (85-99, 100-114, 115+).
A 2 x 3 x 4 (gender x NART-IQ group x age decade) ANOVA was conducted to determine the normative groups to be used; however, it is unclear how many men and Resume, women were obtained in each age decade and the small sample size raises concerns about the statistical power of the analyses and thus the selection of normative groupings. As the - Wage Calculator, authors noted, the Mega Template, norms are not appropriate for individuals with NART-IQs less than 85 and caution should be exercised when using the norms for individuals with NART-IQs in the 85-99 range. Norms are provided in the form of percentile ranks for Total Displacement Score, Learning Index, and Delayed Recall Score and Calculator, a 5% cutoff score for the Delayed Recognition Discrimination Index. Although the entire standardization sample completed all five trials of the LLT, the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, norms for Delayed Recall and Delayed Recognition are based on Calculator Excel, very small groups as participants only completed one of these tasks. Meaningful estimates of reliability for memory tests are often difficult to Resume Templates obtain due to features such as item interdependence within and between trials and practice or recall effects. In the present case, parallel forms reliability was sought using LLT Version B, which was completed by a subsample of only 49 individuals and could not be examined by age and NART-IQ group.
The majority of this group (n = 31) completed Version A first and Calculator Excel, Version B 1 week later; the rest completed the View Source, tests in the reverse order. The two versions correlated .71 for - Wage the Total Displacement Score and .49 for the Learning Index. The correlation of the Word Images, two versions at delay was not reported. Very limited validity evidence is Help Excel provided to support inferences made from the LLT. The test manual reports that correlations between the LLT Learning Index and two visual tasks (the Design Learning subtest of the Adult Memory and Information Processing Battery [Coughlan Hollows, 1985] and the Shapes test from Doors and People [Baddeley, Emslie, Nimmo-Smith, 1994]) were in the low moderate range (rs = .49 and Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills Resume, .44, respectively) but were higher than the - Wage Calculator Excel, correlation (rs = .22) with the View Source, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (Brandt, 1991) in a sample of 47 older adults. Correlations between the Calculator Excel, LLT Displacement Score and both the Design Learning subtest and the HVLT were similarly low (rs = -.24 and View Source, -.29) whereas the Help Excel, correlation with the 10 Best Free Images On Pinterest, Shapes test was slightly higher (rs = -.37). This is fairly weak evidence. Further validation work is needed, including contrasted or known groups validity that shows LLT performance differs between cognitively intact and impaired samples. For example, some promising preliminary work conducted with an earlier version of the LLT showed performance differed between small groups of cognitively intact elderly and dementia patients (Bucks Willison, 1997), but this needs to be shown with the current version of the test. COMMENTARY.
The LLT is a brief and easy test to Help Excel administer that shows a great deal of promise. Its key strengths are that it has ecological validity for older adults and does not rely on Behavior, complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. Scoring is Help - Wage Calculator not too difficult but does require a calculator. The norms need to be strengthened using a larger and perhaps more ethnically and 10 Best Free Flyer Templates Microsoft On Pinterest, geographically diverse sample. The evidence supporting the parallel forms reliability of Versions A and B is not convincing enough to recommend using the norms with Version B. In future development of the LLT, the authors might consider using statistical equating procedures to equate performance on Versions A and B. Most critically, however, validity evidence is extremely limited. It is surprising that a test that the authors describe as particularly useful to . those concerned with the effects of dementia and ageing, as well as the effects of drugs and stressors such as alcohol, benzodiazepines and cholinesterases (manual, p. 4) is presented without any validity evidence to back up these claims. Once appropriate validity evidence is obtained, the - Wage Calculator, manual would benefit from the Government Resume [corybantic.us], addition of specific recommendations to assist test users with interpretation of the results (e.g., case studies with different profiles of performance or different clinical groups). SUMMARY. The LLT was designed to be an individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition for older adults that would be of particular use to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, and drugs/alcohol.
The test meets its goal of assessing visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition in an ecologically valid manner and stands out from the majority of visuospatial tests in that it does not rely on complex motor control or drawing ability. Unfortunately, very little validity evidence is provided to support the Help Calculator, inferences to be made from the LLT and the lack of known groups validity evidence, in particular, means the LLT cannot be recommended for clinical use at this time. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of View Source, test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: Designed for adult probation and parole risk and needs assessment. Population: Adult probationers and parolees. Scores: 8 scales: Truthfulness, Alcohol, Drugs, Resistance, Aggressivity, Violence, Antisocial, Stress Coping Abilities. Price Data: Available from publisher. Comments: Both computer version and paper-pencil formats are scored using IBM-PC compatibles; audio (human voice) administration option available.
Author: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Publisher: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Cross Reference: For a review by Tony Toneatto, see 12:338. Review of the SAQ--Adult Probation III by ROBERT SPIES, Associate Director, Buros Institute of Mental Measurements, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, and MARK COOPER, Training Specialist, Center on Children, Families the Law, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE: DESCRIPTION. The Substance Abuse Questionnaire--Adult Probation III (SAQ) is a 165-item test, administered either by paper-and-pencil or computer.
All items are of the selection type (predominantly true/false and multiple-choice). Risk levels and recommendations are generated for each of eight scales: Alcohol, Drug, Aggressivity, Antisocial, Violence, Resistance, Stress Coping, and Truthfulness. The Truthfulness scale is meant to identify test-takers who attempt to minimize or conceal their problems. Nonclinical staff can administer, score, and interpret the Help Excel, SAQ. Data must be entered from an answer sheet onto a PC-based software diskette. The computer-generated scoring protocol produces on-site test results--including a printed report--within several minutes. For each of the eight scales, the report supplies a percentile score, a risk categorization, an explanation of the risk level, and Resume, (for most scales) a recommendation regarding treatment or supervision. The percentile score apparently is based on the total number of problem-indicative items that are endorsed by the test-taker.
According to the Orientation and Training Manual, each raw score then is truth-corrected through a process of adding back into each scale score the amount of error variance associated with a person's untruthfulness (p. 8). The adjusted percentile score is reported as falling within one of - Wage Calculator Excel, four ascending levels of risk (low, medium, problem, severe problem). The responsible staff person is Flyer Sales expected to use information from the Excel, report, along with professional judgment, to identify the Receivable Resume, severity of risk and needs and to develop recommendations for intervention. DEVELOPMENT. This SAQ is the latest version (copyright, 1997) of a test that has been under development since 1980. The original SAQ, intended for - Wage assessment of adult substance abuse, has been adapted for use in Flyer On Pinterest, risk and needs assessment with adult probation and parole clients. Two scales--the Antisocial and Violence scales--have been added since development of the SAQ in 1994.
Materials furnished by the developer (including an Orientation and Training Manual and An Inventory of Scientific Findings) provide minimal information regarding initial test development. The definitions provided for Help each scale are brief and relatively vague. The constructs underlying several scales appear to overlap (e.g., the Free Flyer Microsoft, Aggressivity and Violence scales), but little has been done to theoretically or empirically discriminate between these scales. No rationale is offered in the manual for how these scales fit together to Excel measure an overarching construct of substance abuse. The developer cites no references to current research in the area of substance abuse. TECHNICAL. Information describing the norming process is Resume Examples [corybantic.us] vague. The Orientation manual makes reference to local standardization, and Help - Wage Calculator, annual restandardization, but does not provide details. In one section the developer claims to have standardized the SAQ on the Department of Corrections adult offender population (p.
7). In another report, standardization is said to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 have eventually incorporated adult probation populations throughout the United States (An Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 5). One might assume, based on the citing of SAQ research studies involving literally thousands of probationers that the recency and Help - Wage, relevance of norms is beyond question. The developer, however, has not provided the documentary evidence needed to justify this assumption. The developer has investigated--and found--gender differences on some scales with certain groups to whom the View Source, test has been administered. In response, gender-specific norms have been established for those groups (usually on a statewide basis). There is no evidence that other variables such as ethnicity, age, or education have been taken into account in Calculator, the norm-setting process. The items selected for use in View Source, the test have several commonalities. Most items focus on personal behaviors, perceptions, thoughts, and Help Calculator, attitudes and are linked in a direct and very obvious way to the content of Behavior Template For Parents Professional, associated scales (e.g., I am concerned about my drinking, from the Alcohol scale). Almost all items are phrased in the socially undesirable direction; agreeing with the item points to the existence of a problem or a need for intervention.
The developer acknowledges that the items may appear to some people as intrusive, and that clients are likely to minimize or under-report their problems. In the Help Calculator Excel, SAQ, the response to this concern has been the inclusion of the Truthfulness scale and calculation of truth-corrected scale scores. Unfortunately, the statistical procedures underlying this important score correction are neither identified nor defended. Internal consistency for the individual subscales of the Receivable Resume. Transferable Skills Resume Templates, SAQ has been well-established by a large number of developer-conducted studies that report Cronbach alpha estimates generally in the .80s to .90s. These high values for internal consistency may in part be explained by Help Excel the similarity of the items within each scale (i.e., repetition of the same basic question, using slightly different words or context). Evidence of View Source, other reliability estimates (other than for Calculator Excel internal consistency) to support this instrument generally are lacking. The Inventory of Scientific Findings cites only one study in which a test-retest reliability coefficient was reported. Administering an early version (1984) of the SAQ to a small sample of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, 30 college students (not substance abusers or legal offenders), a test-retest correlation coefficient of .71 was found across an interval of one week.
Evidence to - Wage Calculator support the validity of the SAQ is limited. Some concurrent validity evidence is presented, in 10 Best Free Microsoft Word On Pinterest, the form of multiple studies showing modest correlations between some SAQ scales and subscales of the - Wage Calculator Excel, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The developer indicates that the Resume. Transferable, MMPI was selected for this validity study because it is the most researched, validated and widely used objective personality test in the United States (Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 14). This explanation, however, does not suffice as a rationale for use of the Calculator Excel, MMPI to support concurrent validity; and no theoretical framework is provided about how the SAQ subscales relate to Contract Template | Create the personality constructs underlying the - Wage Excel, MMPI. In other reported studies, the SAQ is shown to be modestly correlated with polygraph examinations and the Driver Risk Inventory (DRI). Again, the View Source, developer does not adequately specify how any correlation between these measures advances the efforts at validation. The studies cited, and the validation process in Help - Wage Calculator, general, do not meet accepted psychometric standards for substantiating validity evidence established in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1999). These same deficiencies were noted in Free Flyer Microsoft Word On Pinterest, the prior review of the SAQ (12:338), but no corrective action appears to have been taken. COMMENTARY.
The value of the Calculator, SAQ as a measure of substance abuse severity with criminal justice populations seems to Accounts Receivable Resume. Transferable Templates be compromised on a number of levels. First, the Excel, test lacks a clear focus. Only two of eight scales deal directly with substance abuse, and the developer has made no attempt to combine the scale scores into some form of aggregate substance abuse severity score. Given this, the test name is a bit misleading, and the test itself probably is most wisely judged on the basis of the eight individual scales. Second, there are concerns--previously noted--about the individual scales and items selected for the scales.
Included within those concerns are lack of construct articulation, lack of construct differentiation among scales, the predominance of items that are phrased in a socially undesirable direction, and homogeneity of item content within scales. Item phrasing and the bluntness of the items (e.g., I am a violent person, from the Violence scale) would appear to invite problems with response sets. The use of truth-corrected scores to handle problems with test-taker denial cannot be fairly evaluated due to insufficient information from the developer. Last, caution in the interpretation of reported risk levels and risk level recommendations must be advised. The developer, for example, has determined that percentile scale scores falling within a given percentile interval represent a medium risk level, whereas scale scores falling within a contiguous but higher interval of scores qualify for a problem risk level. There is no clarification, however, of the meaning of the Accounts Resume. Transferable Skills Resume Templates, labels medium and problem. Further, there are no statements regarding how the two risk levels are to be discriminated from one another, and no identification of outcomes (or probabilities of outcomes) that are tied to Help - Wage Calculator Excel the levels. The categorization of scores into risk levels essentially amounts to implementation of three cut scores on each scale. Given the Free Flyer Templates Word Images On Pinterest, developer's failure to ascertain or cope with errors of measurement, the risk level interpretations and their corresponding recommendations are substantially compromised.
SUMMARY. The developers, to their credit, have produced a risk assessment instrument that can be administered, scored, and interpreted in Calculator, a relatively efficient and Car Flyers. Mega Car Sale Flyer Sales, cost-effective manner. They have considered thorny issues such as denial on the part of test-takers and gender differences in the norming process, but the Help - Wage Calculator Excel, differential impact of ethnicity and age has not been addressed. Accounts Transferable Templates. An earnest attempt has been made to provide risk assessment information and recommendations that are pertinent to - Wage Excel the demands of the 10 Best Free Templates Microsoft Images On Pinterest, criminal justice practitioner. On balance, however, the SAQ falls far short of the mark. Insufficient reliability or validity evidence exists to assert that the test consistently or accurately measures any of its associated constructs. There is continued doubt, in the words of the Help - Wage Calculator, prior reviewer of the SAQ, that the test conveys any useful information additional to simply asking the client if they have an alcohol-drug problem, if they are violent, and how they cope with stress (Toneatto, 1995, p. 891).
Readers seeking an alternative test for Resume Examples [corybantic.us] a substance abusing population may wish to Help Calculator consider tests such as the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI).
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How do I start my discussion chapter? On Twitter this week two people asked me for advice for starting the discussion chapter of their thesis / dissertation (I’m going to use the word thesis from now on because I am Australian). Excel! I didn’t feel up to answering in 140 characters or less, so I promised a post on it today. If you are feeling anxious about the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, discussion section rest assured you are not alone . It’s an issue that comes up time and time again in Help - Wage Calculator my workshops. There’s no one answer that can help everyone because every project is original, so I thought I would offer a few thoughts on it by way of starting a conversation.
Evans, Gruba and Zobel, in their book “How to Government, Write a Better Thesis”, describe the discussion chapter as the place where you: “… critically examine your findings in Help - Wage Calculator Excel the light of the previous state of the subject as outlined in the background, and make judgments as to what has been learnt in View Source your work” Essentially the discussion chapter tells your reader what your findings might mean, how valuable they are and why. I remember struggling with this section myself and, looking back, I believe there were two sources of anxiety. The first is Help Excel scholarly confidence. At the Resume Examples [corybantic.us], University of Help - Wage Excel Melbourne we used to talk about Government Examples [corybantic.us] how a good thesis has a ‘ Ph Factor’ . The Ph factor is somewhat elusive and Help - Wage Excel hard to describe, but basically it means you have to make some knowledge claims. You need to have the confidence to Government Examples, say something is ‘true’ (at least, without getting too post modern about it, true within the confines of your thesis). Help - Wage Calculator! This can feel risky because, if you have been approaching the View Source, thesis in the right spirit, you are likely to be experiencing Doubt. The second source of anxiety is the need to Help - Wage, think creatively.
Most of the rest of the thesis asks us to think analytically; or, if you are in Behavior Template For Parents | Create Professional a practice based discipline, to make stuff; or perhaps, if you are an - Wage Calculator, ethnographer, to observe the world in some way. Creative thinking involves your imagination , which means you have to switch gears mentally. So the problem of the discussion chapter is a problem of creative thinking and confidence, but there are some stylistic conventions and knowledge issues that complicate the task. Every thesis needs to have discussion like elements, but they may do it in different ways. In a conventional thesis, what we call the IMRAD type (introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion) the Receivable Transferable Skills Templates, discussion chapter appears a discrete chapter. Before you worry about the discussion chapter too much, consider whether you need to treat the discussion as a separate section at all. You need to keep in mind that the IMRAD structure is best used to write up empirical research work (the type where you collect data of - Wage some kind).
In the past I have referred to the IMRAD formula as the Template Flyer - 61, ‘dead hand of the - Wage Calculator, thesis genre’; a phrase I picked up from my colleague Dr Robyn Barnacle. It’s a dead hand because of the role it plays in the imagination of the Behavior Contract, research community throughout the Excel, world. The IMRAD formula is the most widely understood format because it is the Contract Professional, type most widely described in the ‘how to’ genre and has a close and abiding relationship to the scientific method. Many students try to Help - Wage Calculator, make their research fit into the IMRAD format, when it is 10 Best Free Flyer Templates Microsoft Images On Pinterest not appropriate to do so. I can be easy to - Wage, feel ‘blocked’ if you are a non scientist trying to separate out the discussion from the rest of what you are writing.
Remember there are many ways to skin the Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills Resume, discussion cat . For example, an artist may discuss each project and what it means separately. Help - Wage Calculator! An ethnographer might devote a chapter to Receivable Resume. Resume Templates, each theory they have built from observation. - Wage Excel! Likewise a historian may break the thesis up into time periods and do critique and evaluation throughout the whole. So I have diagnosed some of the Car Flyers. Sales Template, problems, are there any easy solutions? Well, the best way to start in my view is just to write, but perhaps start to write without the specific purpose of the discussion chapter in mind. Write to try and work out what you think and then re-write it later. You can use a couple of basic techniques to help you with this process: Try the old ‘compare and contrast’ technique. Excel! Draw up a table describing where your work is similar to others and where it differs. Use each of Resume Examples these points as a prompt to write a short paragraph on Help - Wage Calculator Excel why.
Use the “The big machine” trick as suggested by Howard Becker in his book ‘tricks of the trade’ (now only $3.99 on Kindle? Bargain!). Pretend your results are produced by Behavior Contract Professional a machine then describe the machine. - Wage Calculator Excel! How would the machine work? What would it look like? What parts would it need? What might make the machine break? Another useful suggestion from Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, Howard Becker is the null hypothesis technique; write down why the results mean nothing.
Sometimes forcing yourself to argue the reverse position can highlight the relationships or ideas worth exploring. Sometimes having an audience can help. Explain the results to a friend and record yourself, or use voice recognition software to tell your computer some of your preliminary thoughts. Many people find talking an easier way to get ideas out. Alternatively write them in an email to - Wage, someone. Explain the limitations of the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, work: what is left out Help - Wage or yet to do? Sometimes, like the null hypothesis, talking about the limitations can help you better define the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, contribution your study has made. I hope some of these suggestions help to get you started. Help - Wage! Do you have any more?
Are there ‘tricks’ you have used to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, help you get your creative juices flowing? Interesting and excellent read! Having finished my PhD recently I remember having difficulty writing the discussion(s) and scientific/practical/societal relevance of my study. Reading a lot of papers of previous research by - Wage Calculator Excel others made me get the Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, illusion my thesis wouldn’t add anything new or worthy. A long and thorough discussion with my Professor made me realize I did present some new elements, but it took a while before I really believed him. In stead of writing one discussion chapter, each chapter in which I present my results or approach contains a discussion. This had the advantage that when writing the chapter, you are better able to Help - Wage Excel, consider the differences with other findings and you have the best knowledge of your own findings. The conclusions then summarized the most important elements of these discussions. The null hypotheses was also mentioned by my professor, in an other form. He asked me if I could falsify my own conclusions with the same data, but with other approaches or models, and how I would actually do so.
These questions made me think about the Car Sale Template Template - 61, possibilities and other models which I didn’t consider. It really helped me in writing the discussion. Congratulations on finishing! Do you have any post PhD plans? Really interesting ideas, since I come from the scientific background, I’d never considered how to frame things from a non-scientific background. Scientists are lucky to have a ‘pre-fabricated’ phd structure. I remember being very jealous of them when i was writing one. I thought I’d chime in from the literature perspective.
I’m describing a new, emerging model for Calculator Excel utopian fiction, so discussion is peppered heavily throughout. Each aspect of my methodology has implications for utopianism and utopian scholarship, so I discuss that in each chapter. In the conclusion, I will do a lot of Contract Template For Parents | Create what you called “what is left out or yet to do,” since there is no way I can fully explore my new methodology or the novels it’s based on Excel within my page/time limit. I’ve produced the ideas for discussion throughout my writing process because, from the very beginning, I’ve had to justify to my committee and myself that my project is valid and supportable by the textual evidence, and prove not only that my work is different from Behavior Contract Template | Create Professional, existing scholarship but also justify the need for a “new” model and methodology. (The last was a hard sell.) Every time I sit down to - Wage Calculator, write, the question foremost in my mind is, “So what?” Why is Receivable Resume. Transferable Skills Templates this important? How does it add to - Wage Excel, existing scholarship? If I were to write a sequel to View Source, this thesis, what might come next? Thanks for a great post! Great ideas – thanks so much for sharing #128578; Thanks for your comments, and - Wage thanks for the post! I am in the process of writing my discussion, and tried the questions of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 “so what?” and found that i got stumped.
I really think my thesis is boring, not adding anything interesting, and even if its different, its based on data that’s riddled with response and attrition biases! I am finding it hard to ‘pretend’ it says something interesting. Any suggestions would help! Thanks! Hm, so strange – I’m a couple of Help Calculator paragraphs away from finishing my conclusion and shockingly enough, everything’s fallen together just how I wanted and expected it to. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884! I’ve taken into Help Excel, account any contradictory arguments I could think of, and accepted them or suggested alternatives, in addition to piecing together all the arguments I put out in the last chapters to View Source, explain how they led me to this conclusion. Calculator! I might be overconfident right now because I haven’t shown my supervisors yet but I expect they’ll find something to point out that brings me down #128550; Radhika: I know exactly what you mean. View Source! I’ve written material that I thought was insightful, only to have it “shot down” by one or more members of my committee. The most traumatic example was a poorly-theorized section of my prospectus. I ended up spending the whole summer researching, taking notes, and thinking about the new material my prof required me to read, then the entire fall semester figuring out what it meant for my thesis.
But now that I look back at my original material, I absolutely cringe. The new research may have added months to - Wage Calculator Excel, my work, but it also improved it dramatically. I still cringe at the fear of Government Resume [corybantic.us] a negative reception from my committee, but at - Wage Calculator least I know they criticize in order to Professional, help. There’s another side to that, though. It’s a joke around my house that my committee chair probably thinks I have oppositional-defiant disorder because every time I’ve pitched a paper to him, he’s told me it was a bad idea, and Help - Wage Excel then I went ahead with it anyway. The thing is, he has always ended up liking the result. I’m sure the problem is Receivable Transferable Resume that I don’t articulate my ideas well in Calculator Excel the beginning, so they don’t sound viable. I’ve learned to 10 Best Free Flyer Word Images On Pinterest, recognize a certain sense of confidence that, yes, this is a good idea and I can pull it off, given enough time to think, research, and write.
I guess it’s a balancing act between understanding your own capabilities and the level of tolerance you can expect from your prof/committee. I wish I was as close to being done as you are! Totally jealous over here. #128521; I still have trouble pitching ideas to my colleagues until they have made it into Calculator Excel, writing. 10 Best Templates Images On Pinterest! I guess we learn to think through writing. now I write abstracts to clarify my thoughts first – there’s a coupke of tips for writing abstracts in my prezi ‘write that journal article in 7 days’ Being so close to finishing makes it worse!
I had my soups shoot down entire chapters in the past but then I had enough time (or so it felt) to fix things and not take things too personally or, you know, panic! My last meeting had them telling me to switch around my entire chapter structure. However NOW the bother is - Wage Calculator Excel that all the chapters refer back to each other so even a little change e.g. 10 Best Templates Images! one in structure will be a mighty task! Also, don’t be jealous, please! This is just a Master’s degree, I only Help Excel have 2 years to do it! PhDs never end, I hear #128578; Hey thanks for this. In my last month, can you do something on Behavior Contract For Parents | Create introductions and conclusions?
This is all really useful as I write my findings chapters as it reminds me of Help - Wage what needs to be in the discussion chapter. enjoying reading about Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 procrastination too. - Wage! Hmmm must get back to writing #128578; Thank you so much. I was very stuck on what to Behavior Contract, do with my discussion since my paper is - Wage Calculator qualitative with no research at all and I need to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, make the Help - Wage, discussion and limitations discrete sections. Thank you very much for this. My results are mostly the dreaded ‘n.s.’, so the first and third bullet points were very useful for me.
Now that I have whacked out a rough discussion chapter, it’s just tying up the loose ends now. *not looking forward for it to be shot down though* thanks a lot #128578; surely helped a lot! currently writing the discussion for my undergrad thesis… it’s been tough even if it’s just undergrad thesis #128528; how I wish my thesis professor was just like you in trying to alleviate the stress of going through thesis writing. Thank Inger, this is brilliant. I’ve just sat down to write my discussion chapter. I have several stand-alone chapters with analysis and Car Sale Template Template discussion in each, and was wondering if I needed an overall thesis discussion chapter. Your first few lines convinced me that I do, and - Wage Excel after jotting down the ‘state of the subject’ and Mega what I’ve added, I’m excited about writing the chapter and feeling positive about my work.
I also enjoyed reading everyone’s comments and learning that doubt is normal, that other people aren’t great at pitching ideas without first writing and exploring them too. Thanks everyone! how i can write my problems that faced me during research working? I?m working on my discussion and I found it VERY difficult! I doubt about the importance of my research and results and that make me feel more insecure abiut discussion. It is good to read that this chapter is complicated for someonle else than me! Tanks. Thank you for the posting. I am starting the Ph.D discussion chapter in January 2013 but I was confused about how to begin. Here you are with the new year’s gift.
Thank you. this is a great piece of Help Excel work . I learn a lot. i have seen really different interesting ideas and comments on these replies on different topics of writing thesis but still i am not getting fully confidence how to write out Car Flyers. Mega Flyer Template my discussion chapter. In real i am writing about ethological discussion on wild buffalo from Help Calculator Excel, Nepal KTWR. Transferable Skills Templates! i request for all interested but ecological skilled person for Help - Wage Excel good suggestion. Reblogged this on Meta Masters and commented: Marcie sent this along as a helpful blog post. This may be another blog to follow. #128578; Reason being that while sure, you have those cards selling at Templates low prices, they can afford to spend more in popularizing the Calculator Excel, product.
Hiya! I just want to give an enormous thumbs up for the good information you may have here on this post. I will be coming again to your weblog for more soon. Am starting postgraduate and found it difficult on how to start writing my work. Its like you read myy thoughts!
You seem to grasp a lot. about this, suuch as you wrote the e-book in Behavior Contract | Create Professional it or something. I believe that you can do with a few percent to. pressure the mewsage home a little bit, but othber than that, this is - Wage Calculator Excel wonderful blog. A great read. Flyer Images! I’ll certainly be back. If you desire to increase your experience simply keep visiting this website and be. updated with the Help - Wage Excel, most recent news posted here. Reading this put me at ease instantly!
Thank you! It was definitely the View Source, confidence thing I was worrying about and Help - Wage Excel the creative writing is definitely accurate. Nice blog here! Also your site loads up fast! What host are you using?
Can I get your agfiliate lijk to your host? I wish my web ite loaded up as. fat as yours lol. Hi! I just wanted to [corybantic.us], ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers? this was an informative read! i had to write the discussions chapter a few days back and Calculator Excel i just couldn’t figure out how. finally what it took was only to Accounts Receivable Transferable Skills Resume Templates, get down to writing. though i had to Calculator Excel, edit my first draft quite a lot, but the Flyer Templates Microsoft Word Images, thesis got accepted. also, as suggested by my supervisor, i took professional proofreading help from a service provider . Help - Wage Excel! their services were very helpful. This post is very helpful. my Phd. thesis got accepted only a few days back and 10 Best Free Microsoft this post really helped me to - Wage, get through the discussions chapter. Initially, i just couldn’t start. After reading this post i gathered some confidence and started off.
As sophia has also mentioned, professional services are quite helpful too. My supervisor had adviced the same. I contacted a a href = www.getpublished.co professional proofreading service company to add quality to my work. Reblogged this on 3lifex. Excellent, what a website it is! This weblog provides useful information to us, Thanks, this has really resolve some of the difficulties am experiencing as I write my discussion chapter and View Source dealing with a large quantity of data. I appreciate your great article. I wonder how working it out will be? The Thesis Whisperer is dedicated to - Wage Calculator, helping research students everywhere.
It is edited by Dr Inger Mewburn, director of research training at The Australian National University. The Thesis Whisperer has contributors from around the world. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884! Read our about page if you are interested in writing for us. Excel! New to our blog? Check out our ebook. We are a not for profit site; all proceeds are used to cover running costs.
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10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics. The post will give you the 10 most common IELTS Writing Task 2 topics. A question my students keep asking, again and again, is #8216;What are the most common IELTS writing part 2 topics?#8217; They are worried that they won#8217;t be familiar with the - Wage Excel topic and will not have any relevant ideas. This is especially true for students from Skills, #8216;developing#8217; countries, because most of the - Wage questions are #8216;first world#8217; problems and issues. Let#8217;s turn that disadvantage into an advantage. To answer the question I have asked my students over the last few years to send me the topics on their exams. A big thank you, to those students, who were kind enough to send me their questions. I have built up a huge amount of questions and I think it is about time to analyse them. Are the same Writing Task 2 topics repeated? The answer is yes and no. Government [corybantic.us]. There are a huge amount of topics that come up in writing task 2. At last count there were around 50 different topics (based on collecting data over the last few years) and if you would like all 50, please let me know, but I#8217;m more concerned about the topics that come up again and again.
If you have time to familiarise yourself with over 50 topics then please do, but I think must people have to be smart with their time and - Wage Calculator, it therefore makes more sense to prioritise the most common topics. I try to encourage my students to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, be efficient when it comes to Help - Wage Excel, learning. However, I don#8217;t agree with the saying #8216;Work smart, not hard#8217; as this implies you can do very little work and still achieve your goals. Government [corybantic.us]. My motto is work hard and Excel, smart. There are 10 general topics that come up more often than all of the rest put together. They are: So what can I do with this information? Now you know the common topics there are 3 things you can do: 1. Develop a vocabulary list for each topic.
Having relevant vocabulary for each topic will give you a big advantage. Many students fail to Contract Template | Create Professional, provide relevant vocabulary and their band score suffers. When looking at Help Calculator new vocabulary try to guess the meaning from context first and then look up the meaning to Flyer Templates On Pinterest, make sure your idea matches the actual meaning. Also, be sure to Help - Wage Excel, look at the word within a sentence to be aware of the way it relates to other words. When recording vocabulary do it in a way that will help YOU remember it. Everyone learns in a different way and | Create Professional, everyone learns vocabulary in a different way. Some people like to draw pictures beside the word, some people like to write synonyms or antonyms, others prefer to write a few sentences and some people like to use the phonemic chart to write the word that way. Whatever works for you, do it. It is also very important to review words regularly. This is the most effective way to remember the Help - Wage words. So many people learn lots of words and a week later they can’t remember them.
I would recommend reviewing them one day after learning them for the first time, then one week later and then finally one month later. After that they should be firmly stuck in your head for Car Flyers. Flyer Template Sales good. I am developing a vocabulary list for each of the topics above which you can access here. 2. Practice reading and Calculator Excel, listening within these topics. To do well on your IELTS test you should practice at home. Even just 60 minutes per day can make a big difference. Resume Templates. This will not only improve all four skills but familiarise you with the common topics at the same time. Help - Wage. Why waste time listening or reading something, if it is about something that probably won#8217;t come up on Transferable Skills Resume the test? Unless of course you are listening or reading for pleasure, in that case, be my guest. If you are reading an English newspaper, look for articles on the common topics and highlight any good vocabulary.
If you like listening to the radio or podcasts, find ones on the common topics. Please check out Help, my 25 online language learning tools for lots of ways you can study at home for free. This method is so effective that some of the best IELTS schools are starting to adopt this approach. If you are going to study or practice anything then do it within the context of 10 Best Free Templates Microsoft Word Images On Pinterest one of the Help Calculator Excel common topics. For example, if you are practicing speaking with a friend on Skype, why not discuss one of the issues above? If you are practicing writing essays, find a question about one of the most popular or repeated IELTS topics. This method allows you to Behavior Contract Template | Create Professional, practice both the skills and learn about these crucial topics. They also come up quite a lot in the speaking test. Can I just focus on these topics and get a high band score? Obviously, there is much more to Excel, achieving a high score than just focusing on the repeated topics but this will allow you to study and Government [corybantic.us], prepare in a smarter and more efficient way, giving you a huge advantage. However, I would like to add that it is also important to study things you have a passion for.
If you are genuinely interested in a topic then it is much easier to Help - Wage Calculator, study and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, you are less likely to quit. Please also make time to read, listen, talk and write about your passion. If you love football, read about your team everyday on www.goal.com. Love fashion?- find some fashionista blogs. Have a passion for photography?- why not blog about Excel it? Have a passion for astrophysics?
Listen to star talk radio. Government Resume. I looked at 15 Writing Task 2 papers over July, August and Help - Wage Excel, September of 2015 to see if the same common topics were coming up. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884. Here are the topics: Traditional Culture Government Spending Technology Technology Education Health Technology Traditional Culture Education Health International Aid The Environment Economics Education Health. As you can see, Technology, Health and Help, Education are still prominent Task 2 topics. It was interesting to see Traditional Culture popping up twice in such a short period of time, but that doesn#8217;t mean that it will definitely feature again soon. I still think that Technology, Health, Education and Government, the Environment are important topics and will feature regularly in the future. Reading within these topics will help you and you will also pick up other vocabulary just by reading about them. Help - Wage Calculator Excel. The important thing is to read actively. When you see a word you don#8217;t know, note it down and View Source, find out the Help Excel meaning, collocation and synonyms. Transferable Skills Resume Templates. Soon you will have a notebook full of new words and you review them regualelry until they become part of Excel your vocabulary.
Here#8217;s a live video I did on Facebook about this topic: I would recommend looking at our IELTS task 2 page for lots more lessons, tips and View Source, sample task 2 answers. Help Excel. The best way to View Source, keep up to date with our latest posts is to like our page on Help Facebook. There are also daily practice activities on our Facebook page. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884. As always, if you have a question about this post or anything else, please let me know in Help - Wage Calculator the comments section below. 46 Comments on 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics Chris. am not able to watch ur video.any idea? i think the first step is to pass the 10 Best Flyer Templates ielts exam is to understand where you are on in regards to your 4 skills and then prepare your plan ,without plan and agreed source of knowledge you will be lost . the question is how to prepare a proper plan to enhance your skills ,get familiar with the exam ? also if you can prepare PDF for all the Tips that we need to Excel, take care of during the exam of the 4 skills ,that will be great . hello from Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, uzbekistan))) Hello from Tashkent)) Home » Writing Task 2 » 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics.
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Introduction to Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of musical theatre combines the - Wage Calculator, drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the Accounts Resume, extent of this musical collaboration has changed over the years, from operas to orchestras to full-fledged plays. Help. From its humble beginnings to its current status as Broadway spectacle, the art form has carried a great influence in the world of Government Resume [corybantic.us], performance. In this essay, a detailed history of musical theatre, from its infancy to now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the style dates all the way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and Calculator dance were common to the plays of Accounts Resume. Skills Resume, Aeschylus and Help - Wage Sophocles, who acted as composers and choreographers to their own works.
In Rome in the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to their songs. Free Microsoft. Roman theatre also innovated the process of dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to the shoes of - Wage, performers to make their steps easier to hear and notice in the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to View Source, performance; with traveling minstrels moving from Help - Wage Calculator town to town and village to village, performing songs and small routines. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884. Small troupes of performers would do the Help - Wage, same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to those who would watch them. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. This would evolve into the mystery play, which told a story of the Bible in View Source, a musical manner. Excel. The mobility of performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the advent of pageant wagons. These were mobile stages the 10 Best Free Microsoft On Pinterest, troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and pack up. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers. In the Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the development of Calculator Excel, commedia dell’arte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the art of clown to create broad humor throughout. Sales. Music became a large part of Jacobean and Help Calculator Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene.
Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to Car Flyers. Mega Car Sale Sales Template - 61, add levity. This is Help - Wage Excel, where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the first inklings of Flyer Templates Microsoft On Pinterest, modern musical theatre were created. In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and acting to Help Calculator Excel, music. View Source. The purpose of these masques were often to Calculator, flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in the audience at Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, the time. The masques were popular types of - Wage, theatre created by playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the musical components of masques would be made into View Source operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of musical theatre.
The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). These developments led to the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and Help - Wage Excel more. By 1685, however, English opera started to View Source, lose its luster. In the 1700s, musical theatre in England developed into two distinct varieties: ballad operas and comic operas. The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the Help Calculator, popular songs of the time, the olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to original music; The Bohemian Girl by Michael Balfe is a fine example of a comic opera. In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and 10 Best Flyer Word Images On Pinterest opera comique, which led to the notions of burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of theatrical life in England, and this led to Help Calculator, the popularization of melodramas and burlettas. In Colonial America, the first real presence of theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in Williamsburg, Virginia by William Hallam, which performed classic English plays.
Soon after, however, they moved to The Beggar’s Opera and other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. These early plays were the Templates Microsoft Word Images On Pinterest, first to be widely recorded and toured, with hundreds of performances in a single run for Help Calculator many musical plays. The further evolution of musical theatre came with the development of the operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve. These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the model for all musical theatre that would come after it. Receivable Skills. After Jacques Offenbach and Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and - Wage Excel Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and Hammerstein. The music hall and musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to be the very first play that would fit the modern conception of the musical – this combined dance and original music which would supplement the View Source, straightforward story being told.
In 1866, this play premiered in New York and Help Excel became a staggering success. Other musical comedies came out around this year, and View Source the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to Help - Wage Calculator Excel, the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to be more legitimate, with complex plotting and View Source significant characters. By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to Help - Wage Calculator, those who put on these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to theatrical procedure that allowed for longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to Mega Flyer - 61, come out at night; therefore, night shows became the Help Excel, norm, adding a larger number of performances for Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 each show. With the money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and West End shows increased substantially. Gilbert and - Wage Calculator Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Behavior Template | Create Professional, Penzance , were family friendly and very accessible, leading to worldwide success.
Due to - Wage Calculator Excel, their unparalleled success, the standards for theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and the lyrics were combined to make the story more understandable and sensible, even with the integration of music into Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 the performance. P.G. Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and more would take this particular style of comic opera and develop it further. The Savoy operas in the 1880s began to enjoy considerable success in America as well. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to look down upon. Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to be for Help - Wage Excel perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for Car Sale Flyer Sales Flyer - 61 everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of musicals in Calculator Excel, the 1890s as well; attempting to ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of Government Examples [corybantic.us], theatre, a different, more fast-paced and modern variety of vaudeville. Musical comedies continued throughout the early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs.
In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the original cast. In the Calculator, “Gay Nineties” (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 the London Stage. George Edwardes took over the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to change it from the Help Excel, bawdy burlesque show that it was and providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and View Source politically charged Savoy operas that were the flavor at Help - Wage Calculator Excel, the time. He decided to try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and spectacle. Behavior Contract Template | Create. While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and the replacement of - Wage, low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and Contract For Parents | Create Professional singers.
These types of plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of musical theatre in London. Many of these plays, like The Shop Girl and A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of romances where the poor maiden falls in Help Calculator Excel, love with royalty, and faces many obstacles before finally winning him. These set the tone for musical comedies that would sweep across the 10 Best Templates Microsoft Word Images On Pinterest, face of musical theatre in both England and America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones’ The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to the prevalence of Help - Wage Excel, Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in the early 20th century with the operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in London and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 Broadway. This success led to the direct competition of musicals and Help Calculator Excel operettas for the next few years, with new and old operettas being brought out on the stages of both American and England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and Resume [corybantic.us] modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an attempt to cash in on Help Calculator the still-popular Gilbert and Sullivan-style musical, P.G.
Widehouse, Jerome Kern and Guy Bolton all came out with “Princess Theatre shows,” which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and View Source plot, offering a complete, detailed and complex story throughout. Unlike the broader comedies of the Help Excel, time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to develop the characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in the plotting and development of musical theatre. With the advent of the 10 Best Free Images, Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in business with the start of World War I; given the Help Calculator, devastation of the battlefield and Accounts Transferable the front, audiences flocked to the stages in order to get some escapism.
Irene , a play by Harry Tiernet and Joseph McCarthy, premiered in - Wage Excel, 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the Broadway record for longest run (670 performances) for a long time. While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to [corybantic.us], the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for - Wage Calculator over two thousands performances. Revues started to become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to take dominance in both popularity and quality. The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the Accounts Transferable Templates, development of shows like the Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals. Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of modern musicals at the time, and the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to get shows produced. This shift in American musical theatre’s popularity was due to the changes in Help - Wage, society that were happening at the time; the increase in Government Resume Examples [corybantic.us], vernacular and naturalism that was desired by Help Calculator audiences of the modern era led to a slow death of the broad, the theatrical and the operatic. Shows and musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the motion picture, and its rise in popularity; this proved to be a challenge for theatres. Even though they were silent at first, and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 so could not offer the audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to live theatre.
Musicals in that era started to bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and music hall sensibilities in lieu of complex plotting and character development. Despite the fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and light entertainment. Theatre writers began to transition into Help - Wage popular music, as most of the music people were listening to at the time was what they heard in these reviews and vaudeville shows. Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to Behavior For Parents, produce than ever. The concept of standards became popular in the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the public’s mind. Help Excel. As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into the limelight for a time, and Noel Coward and other composers started to enjoy newfound popularity. Behavior Contract Template For Parents | Create Professional. Show Boat in 1927 proved to Help Excel, be one of the most complex mixes of score and book that there had been to 10 Best Free Flyer Microsoft Word, date; even the Help - Wage Excel, Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of sophistication. There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the show, from the movement to the setting. This integration of production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the Great Depression led to people going back to lighter entertainment.
When the Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to go to the ‘talkies’ than see a show, making it even more challenging for theatres to View Source, find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by musical films, as they agreed to - Wage Excel, be filmed for Mega Sales Flyer - 61 one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of Calculator Excel, their work. There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the first musical that was given the Pulitzer Prize. Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to View Source, star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933’s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by George Gershwin and released in 1935. Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by - Wage Excel Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and detailed the history of New York City.
With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Resume Examples Broadway, like I’d Rather Be Right and Calculator Excel The Dancing Years . Cole Porter came into popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of these contributions led to the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the worst this country has ever experienced. The evolution of musical theatre at this time allowed for fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of Behavior For Parents Professional, previous eras. Musical theatre in the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical Oklahoma! Continuing the Show Boat tradition of having complex plotting and serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and integrated the Help, music more cohesively into the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for men to see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for this show, and it revolutionized the format of musical theatre by providing a decided lack of tawdriness and an earnest desire for storytelling that was not present at this level before. In the opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the Free Images On Pinterest, actual play began with “Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'”. This earnestness and quality of production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. It got the Pulitzer Prize, and the musical achieved new narrative heights.
It turned into Help - Wage Calculator the first Broadway show to Car Sale Template Sales Flyer - 61, be considered a “blockbuster,” and was even adapted into Calculator film. In the canon of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, musical theatre, it was the first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history. The success of the play sent Rodgers and Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of Music. In all of their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in musical theatre; Oklahoma’s villain was a murderer, and - Wage Calculator Carousel tackled the theme of Flyer Templates Word Images, domestic abuse. Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to emulate them, which meant a string of successive musicals in that vein; this led to the Golden Age of Help - Wage Excel, American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finian’s Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the overall quality of the musical theatre canon. In the 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the Receivable Resume, tradition of Help - Wage Calculator, complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances. Each of these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of Contract | Create, them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and Hollywood.
Stars like Julie Andrews and Judy Garland dominated musicals at this time. Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the Broadway system to be critically and financially successful. Help Calculator Excel. The orchestras were smaller, and Flyer Template Sales the scale was toned down, but they could still work. West Side Story adapted Romeo and Juliet into a modern New York City setting, and brought home significant box office returns and Help - Wage Calculator Excel myriad Tonys. Accounts Resume. This cemented Stephen Sondheim’s reputation as a master composer for musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and experimentation on the part of musicals. More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and Calculator Excel Man of La Mancha would be created, and View Source some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the Calculator Excel, popularity of Free Flyer Microsoft On Pinterest, Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the 1960s. Stephen Sondheim and Jerry Herman would significantly shape the Help - Wage Calculator, pattern of Car Flyers. Template, musicals in this decade and the next, through the darker themes that he would explore in works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on - Wage Calculator Excel the Way to the Forum . These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the sunny dispositions of earlier musicals to make plays about singing surprisingly dark and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 brooding.
Into the Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of some of the plays’ themes. Help Calculator Excel. Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and breaking the Contract For Parents | Create Professional, fourth wall to - Wage Calculator, the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and intriguing again. With the start of the musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into musicals. Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and Government [corybantic.us] also indicative of musical theatre’s propensity to challenge societal attitudes at the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and Help - Wage more).
Racial integration finally occurred in the end of the 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in View Source, Hair , and then moved onto other shows. In the 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the theatrical realm, bringing with it an Calculator Excel added edge that was never before seen onstage. Some of Template, these plays, like the Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of - Wage Calculator Excel, opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and most of the story and character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the Skills Resume Templates, black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and more. As the Calculator, Broadway canon expanded, more and more variation occurred, with musicals of every genre coming into prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in 1975, the play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and spectacle, busting box office records and reaching incredible critical acclaim. 10 Best Flyer Templates Microsoft On Pinterest. This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to Calculator Excel, the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to invade musicals to a larger degree, and larger production values brought incredible spectacle to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, these productions, like falling chandeliers in The Phantom of the Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to be the - Wage Excel, norm, and European influences were more and more prevalent. 10 Best Templates Word Images On Pinterest. Andrew Lloyd Webber became an incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and Evita , The Phantom of the Opera and more.
A greater emphasis on adaptations has been put forth as the - Wage Excel, 1990s rolled along; corporations began to get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to the stage; Julie Taymor’s production of The Lion King stands out among that canon. With the greater opportunities available for smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of Broadway, and the quirkier, smaller musicals of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, off-Broadway. Little Shop of Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for small sets of Help - Wage Calculator, characters and 10 Best Free Flyer Word developed storylines. Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and a new niche audience was created for them. In order to attract younger audiences, Rent was released on Broadway and the West End, a dramatic tale of New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to the advent of interesting, new and unusual shows. Urinetown and Help Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same. While Broadway continued to play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of taking an established property and making it into Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 a musical.
The point of this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from Help - Wage Calculator established material and have a fondness for, and offer a musical component to [corybantic.us], it. The jukebox musical, exemplified by Mamma Mia! and others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.
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essay on amerindians CONTACTS WITH AMERINDIAN POPULATIONS. There remains very few pure hunters/gatherers, that is, speaking anthropologically, non-sedentary populations living exclusively from Excel, hunting, fishing and the gathering of wild fruit and plants growing in the forest. For the great majority of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 Indians, food is provided basically by agriculture, the remainder coming from hunting and fishing. American Indians cultivate small areas taken from the Help forest by slash and burn method: during the dry season, a portion of the For Parents Professional forest is cleared then burnt, the seeded plants developing when the rainy season starts. The Central and South American rainforests often grow on poor acid soils. Through burning, the necessary basic elements are brought to the soil. - Manioc (manihot esculata) is Help Excel, particularly adapted to poor acid soils. The poorer the soil, the more prussic acid containing cyanide is Template For Parents, found in the plant.
The juice of the manioc is Help - Wage Calculator, very toxic and must be extracted before it can be eaten. As I already mentioned above while speaking about white soils, plant life is View Source, more difficult and - Wage Calculator Excel they protect themselves more against predators. Poor soils get exhausted rapidly. A study has shown that the yield per hectare after the third year represents only Contract | Create Professional, 45% of the first year's yield. New fields thus must continuously be cleared. Populations being traditionally not dense, the impact on the rainforest is negligible but Indians have to move their villages from place to place often, which explains their semi-nomadic way of life. Amerindians are experts at using the resources from the - Wage Calculator rainforest. One example: the Mega Flyer Template Template use of the moriche palmtree (mauritia flexuosa) by - Wage, the Warao Indians of the Orinoco Delta: The palm leaves are used to cover roofs.
Fruits are eatable. Fibers are used to 10 Best Flyer Templates Word Images, make superb hammocks. Larvae from an insect develop inside a felled trunk, they are delicious (when eaten raw, they taste like butter). Openings are made in Help Calculator the trunk on the ground. Rainwater accumulated in them ferments and View Source produces an alcoholic beverage! Indian villages are usually composed of few families.
A community composed of 50 people is - Wage, considered large. View Source. However, thanks to Excel, medical aid, their population increases sharply in Mega Car Sale Sales Flyer Template - 61 certain zones. The pressure on hunting and fishing is more and more important. Indians sometimes have to travel far by dug-out canoes in order to - Wage, find game. They often overuse the nivraie, a creeper which contains chemicals that prevent fish from breathing, forcing them to Car Flyers. Flyer Sales Template - 61, go up to the surface where they can easily be picked. The surplus population has to emigrate towards the closest Creole communities to which they finally get assimilated, loosing their identity and often becoming tramps. The increase in population density in the rainforest breaks the Calculator equilibrium that maintained the traditional slash and View Source burn cultivation method. More and more areas have to Help Calculator Excel, be cleared, on [corybantic.us], larger and larger surfaces. On the poorest soils, if the vegetation is eliminated on a large scale, the rains soon wash away the Help - Wage Excel fertile layer and a barren base remains on which only grasses and Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 scraggy bushes will grow. Rain and heat facilitate the formation of Help iron and aluminium oxides, giving these soils the Resume [corybantic.us] characteristic red colour of - Wage Calculator laterite.
Don't expect to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, meet populations who have never had access to Calculator Excel, the outside world, especially during a hike that lasts but a few days. The Indians whom you will meet are used to contacts with tourists who sometimes represent their livelihood. You will see young Indians proudly displaying their soccer tee-shirt or their latest model Walkman. The adults possess motor dug-out canoes and hunt with rifles. But apart from these small details, their way of Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884 life has remained the same. And this is Help - Wage Calculator, what counts for the preservation of their culture. Among interesting remarks that I have heard, a gentleman told me how disappointed he was at View Source not having seen real Indians. Does a true Frenchman always wear a beret and an Englishman a bowler hat? The most occidentalized Indians regularly organize traditional festivals during which they wear their beautiful feathers, paint their bodies and dance according to Help - Wage, ancestral rites. Foreigners are usually not invited, but sometimes you can be lucky. If you have the chance of being able to travel to more remote zones of the rainforest, you might meet much more primitive populations.
Nearly every year in Amazonia, communities who have never had any contact with the civilized world are being discovered. They are extremely vulnerable and, as far as I am concerned, they should be systematically protected and their access be either severely limited or forbidden. Even with American Indians used to Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884, contacts with tourists, there are rules of good behaviour to - Wage Calculator Excel, be followed. First of all, according to Receivable Resume. Resume Templates, my thinking, nothing is Help - Wage Excel, worse than condescendence (oh, the poor things!). Some people have the tendency to confuse happiness with material riches. If Indians usually possess hardly anything, nothing allows us to state that they are not happy. Life is good in the forest, food is abundant, freedom is extraordinary, and Accounts Receivable Resume Templates stress is unknown.
Indians are indeed materially poor, but they are certainly less miserable than the people who live in shantytowns or other favellas of the large sprawling cities. I was once with a group in a Ye'Kwana village of South Venezuela when we chanced upon a French missionary who had been living with Indians for the past 37 years. When a lady asked him: Father, what do you feel when you return to civilization? He answered with a smile: Madame, the word civilization is a plural, not a singular word. The Wayanas of Guyana have several tens of different names to qualify a wasp. Help - Wage Calculator Excel. I personally know a Ye'Kwana chief of Venezuela who is capable of identifying in his language more than 350 tree and plant species. A botanist friend who worked at length with him was full of 10 Best Free On Pinterest wonder. That too is culture#133; The more primitive, structured and hierarchical the civilization, the more it imposes on its members strict rules of behaviour. Even though Indians are very conscious that these rules do not apply to foreigners, it is Help - Wage Calculator Excel, advisable to avoid behaviour that could put them ill at ease or shock them : American Indians are usually calm, silent and rather introverted.
They can perceive a loud or exuberant behaviour as an invasion. They hate to have to take decisions hurriedly or abruptly. The decision taking process is for them slow and involves wide consultations. If someone tells you no, don't keep on insisting. You can commit a blunder unknowingly. For example, in Mega Car Sale Flyer Template Template certain tribes, to ask to speak directly to - Wage Excel, the chief or have a conversation with the sorcerer can be against protocol, especially for a woman. Avoid excentricities and familiar behaviour, and 10 Best Free Flyer Microsoft Word Images On Pinterest don't bathe half or completely naked in front of them (furthermore, the eventual presence of the candiru is a good excuse not to do so!). Help Calculator. The American Indians are extremely modest. Don't ask questions about their intimate lives. Don't put them in situations where they can loose face, even as a joke. That is not how you will gain friends#133;
Taking pictures is a delicate question: you always have to ask permission to the villagers, even if you don't photograph people directly. If they refuse, don't take pictures behind their backs#133; (I seem to give obvious advice, but my experience has shown me that it is not so obvious, unfortunately!). The sad practice of paying people to photograph them seems morally doubtful to me. Along the Maroni river, between French Guyana and Surinam, there are populations of Behavior Contract For Parents | Create African origin. They are what is called marrons, that is descendants of former slaves who escaped from Help Calculator Excel, plantations of what used to View Source, be Dutch Guyana at the beginning of the Excel 19th century.
They have kept many ancestral characteristics. The Boni, Djuka and Saramaka have in common a profound dislike of Government Resume [corybantic.us] photographs. They even put up signs to tell tourists not to take any. Be careful, they are built like Hercules! I once saw a transgressor receiving a good thrashing#133; When you arrive in an Amerindian community, you might be offered the Help Calculator cachiri, a weak beverage made of fermented manioc or other ground root. It looks yellowish, lumpy and not very appetizing.
As for the taste, you have to have generations of American Indian ancestry to like it. Furthermore, in certain tribes (not all happily), women spit in Free Templates Word Images the preparation to speed fermentation. However, it is rude to refuse. Help - Wage Calculator Excel. You can ask however to be served only a small quantity of 10 Best Templates Microsoft Images it. Dip your lips in it, or swallow a small mouthful and smile broadly (but not too broadly or else you will be served again!). If they offer you to share their meal (a rare thing) don't expect an Help - Wage Calculator Excel unforgettable gastronomical experience. Indians only Behavior Contract Template | Create, like nearly burnt meat and will not hesitate to boil together a fish and some game. The Pemon Indians of Southern Venezuela consider grilled ants a delicacy. These ants are the large winged stud Atta species, the leaf-cutting ant.
As a matter of fact, it is Help Excel, not bad, leaving a peanut aftertaste. BE CAREFUL OF THE ALCOHOL THAT YOU BRING INTO THE VILLAGES! If you have to Contract Template For Parents | Create, sleep in a community, don't offer alcohol, rhum in particular, to Indians. Calculator Excel. The sweetest Amerindian becomes hard to bear and often violent under alcohol (they are not the only ones #133;). Mega Car Sale Flyer - 61. Don't drink ostensibly and Calculator Excel don't leave the Flyer Template Flyer Template - 61 bottles conspicuously. This is also true in Creole villages. Giving presents is - Wage, another delicate subject. I have seen people arriving with bags full of old clothes and Examples distributing them to Indians. You must remember that a free gift does not exist in primitive societies. It always must be accompanied by a gift in return, there has to be a counterpart or else there is no equilibrium in the transaction.
Don't think that Indians will be grateful or have some regard towards you if you act that way: they often consider that your gift is what you owe them as a consequence of some virtual obligation you might have towards them. Once I wanted to please a dug-out canoe driver who had worked well and - Wage Excel I offered him my forehead lamp. He was furious. He wanted the lamp AND the fishing equipment! It is always better to exchange in order not to create dependency and begging behaviour. There are always interesting things to For Parents Professional, exchange in villages: crafts, bows, blow-pipes, etc. But always choose things they like, not remains#133; Indians in general love things like knives, lamps and everything pertaining to fishing and Help - Wage hunting. The great majority of Amerindians use money to buy fuel, cartridges, etc#133; A good way to help them is to View Source, buy their crafts if they sell some. You can of course bring candy for Help, the children but choose some without paper wrapping or else you will find all the wrappings scattered throughout the village!
Don't expect the impossible from contacts with Indians. Some agencies use meeting others as a marketing device#133; It is rather naïve if not foolish when applied to Amerindians. They are fascinating but secret and introverted and Free will certainly not talk about their lives to a tourist spending two hours in their village. It takes years for them to Help - Wage, accept you.
The missionary whom I mentioned above told me that when he arrived with other members of his congregation, they settled outside the village and studied Indians for 5 years before starting their mission #133; 5 YEARS! It seems to | Create, me that we have passed from the excesses of civilizing and evangelising missions to the excesses of humanitarian missions! Culture loss phenomena must be analysed in the middle and long term#133; For example, you will have the impression that you are doing a good deed by bringing medicine to Calculator Excel, Indians. But you must realize that the result of the accumulation of Receivable Resume. this type of action leads Indians to abandon and Help - Wage Excel finally forget their traditional medicine, which is often very efficient. It is much easier for them to ask for a drug at the dispensary than to pass long hours in the forest looking for a certain root, for example#133;But if the dispensary disappears, they will be unable to cure themselves. It is possible to Accounts Receivable Skills Templates, bring help on the short term but to destroy in the long run, I suppose that it is a moral problem which each one of Excel us must solve according to one's conscience. Personally, I always take great pleasure being with Amerindians.
For a passionate lover of the rainforest, they are an endless source of fascinating information. Accounts Receivable Skills. I have true friends among them. But if I have the choice, I prefer not to stay overnight in villages. I think that it is always better to camp in the forest, a little aside. The nightly concert of barking dogs is followed at dawn by that of roosters and other domestic animals. Their conception of hygiene is often quite different from ours, that is the least one can say. I recently went on an expedition in the South of Venezuela during which we slept in a Sanema village, a sub-group of the Yanomami Indians. As in most tribes, there is a communal central hut where visitors are welcomed, it is Help - Wage Calculator Excel, also used for festivals and other tribal meetings. The Sanema hold a tobacco quid nearly permanently under their lower lip. Art-Director-Cover-Letter-1-638.jpg?cb=1392953884. This savoury habit leads them to Help - Wage Excel, spit continuously everywhere inside the huts, eventually under your feet.
While I was preparing dinner, there were about fifty Indians around me, spitting every 30 seconds or so. I must say that it somewhat cut our appetite#133; Furthermore, Sanemas very often suffer from tuberculosis. Expect to have many children permanently around you, even while you perform the Templates Images On Pinterest most private daily functions. Finally, I have always been personally embarrassed by all the unpacking of - Wage equipment and food in Government [corybantic.us] front of people who possess nearly nothing#133; In communities that regularly welcome tourists, the Indians, who are conscious of these small annoyances, often build aside a special hut for foreign visitors.