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Billboard charts , Carrie Underwood , Country music 1518 Words | 4 Pages. Her single Our Song made Swift the youngest sole writer and singer of a number one country song. The album sold 39,000 copies during its first week. In . 2008 Taylor released her second studio album Fearless. Query Letter? The lead single from the album, Love Story , was released in Customer Service Questionnaire Blank, September 2008 and became the second best-selling country single of all time, peaking at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Four more singles were released throughout 2008 and 2009: White Horse, You Belong with Me.

Alison Krauss , Brad Paisley , Country music 2486 Words | 7 Pages. King Of Thailand Essays and Term Papers. Her single Our Song made Swift the youngest sole writer and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi singer of a number one country song. The album sold 39,000 copies during its first week. In . 2008 Taylor released her second studio album Fearless. The lead single from the Reservation Form Samples - Free Sample, album, Love Story , was released in September 2008 and became the second best-selling country single of all time, peaking at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Four more singles were released throughout 2008 and Sample | Scribendi 2009: White Horse, You Belong with Me. 2009 MTV Video Music Awards , 52nd Grammy Awards , Country music 1058 Words | 4 Pages. the end of 2008, Taylor Swift was the most successful country music artist. ! Taylor won another handful of 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples Sample, Example, awards in 2009. For her successes on her . album Fearless, she won “Video of the Year” and “Female Video of the Year” for her song Love Story at the CMT Music Awards. Sample? Swift made a huge break through as she was the ?rst country artist ever to win an Sample Objectives For Administrative | Best, MTV Video Music Award.

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BAM. Fact. How could you deny a universal truth (like seriously)? Okay, now let's go to the serious part and look at 10+ Restaurant Form Samples Sample,, the real reasons. 1. Her songs are relatable best example: You Belong With Me 2. Her songs are cheerful and decent best example: Stay Stay Stay 3. Her songs are hilariously ironic best example. Country music , Fearless , Fearless Tour 289 Words | 2 Pages. unreleased Ain't Nothing 'Bout You Brooks and Dunn cover All Night Diner All Too Well Red All You Wanted Michelle . Query Sample | Scribendi? Branch cover American Boy American Girl Tom Petty cover Am I Ready for Reference Letter For Friend Love Angelina A Perfectly Good Heart Taylor Swift (album) Apologize A Place In This World Taylor Swift (album) BEdit Song Source Contribution Worked with Release date Baby Justin Bieber cover. 52nd Grammy Awards , Fearless , Love Story 1788 Words | 14 Pages. to his girlfriend;to live a day without him.He said if she was able to do it, he'll love her forever, the girl agreed and she didn't text or . call him the whole day, without knowing that he had only 24 hours to live because he was suffering from cancer.

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Enchanted by Taylor Swift Since her well-known hit, Love Story , was released, the America’s Sweetheart, Taylor Swift, only 23 . now, has grasped people’s eyes and ears with her beautiful voice, her lyrics and, most importantly, her character. However, her success doesn’t come from nowhere. On the one hand, Taylor loves her career and she devotes herself to music. “My attitude has always been that if you want to Reference Letter For Friend -, get better and see the success, you should get motivated to work even harder. Query Letter? That’s. 2009 MTV Video Music Awards , 52nd Grammy Awards , CMT Music Awards 481 Words | 2 Pages. The Scarlet Letter is a story that illustrates intricate pieces of the Questionnaire Feedback Puritan lifestyle. Centered first on a sin committed by Hester Prynne . and her secret lover before the story ever begins, the novel details how sin affects the lives of the people involved. For Hester, the sin forces her into Sample isolation from society and even from herself. Her qualities that Hawthorne describes at Customer Service Questionnaire Stock, the opening of the Sample | Scribendi book, her pale beauty, womanly qualities, and passion are, after a time, eclipsed by the ?A' she. Hester Prynne , John Winthrop , Love Story 569 Words | 2 Pages. Conversation Analysis of 500 Days of Summer Film.

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Well, she is none other than the famous Taylor Swift. Reference Letter? Biography Taylor Alison Swift was born on Letter, December 13, 1989 in Resume Objectives Assistant, Reading, Pennsylvania, USA to Scott Swift and Andrea Swift. Her mother named her after the singer James. 2009 MTV Video Music Awards , Brad Paisley , Country music 4188 Words | 11 Pages. Nathaniel Hawthorne displays many examples of love and Letter hatred throughout the For Personal | Resume story . Though Hawthorne shows that . love and hatred both have the potential to harm, hatred has a greater tendency to cause pain. | Scribendi? This is clearly seen in Hester’s love for Template For Friend - Pearl and Query Letter Sample Chillingworth’s hatred for Dimmesdale. Pearl is not the easiest child to love , but the attributes Hester has attained over the years have allowed her to show motherly love regardless.

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Swift's . second album, Fearless, was released in 2008. Query | Scribendi? Buoyed by the pop crossover success of the singles Love Story and You Belong with Me, Fearless became the best-selling album of 2009 and was supported by an extensive concert tour. The record won four Grammy Awards, with Swift becoming the youngest ever Album of the Year winner. Reference - Swift's third album, 2010's. Alison Krauss , Big Machine Records , Country music 467 Words | 2 Pages.

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Toni Morrison Morrison, Toni (Vol. 194) - Essay. Toni Morrison 1931- (Born Chloe Anthony Wofford) American novelist, nonfiction writer, essayist, playwright, and children's writer. The following entry presents an Sample | Scribendi overview of Morrison's career through 2003. Resignation Letter For Personal Cv Cover! See also Toni Morrison Criticism (Introduction), and Volumes 4 , 10 , 22 . Morrison was awarded the 1993 Nobel Prize in Literature, making her the Query Sample | Scribendi first African American to win this honor.

Morrison's novels explore issues of African-American female identity in stories that integrate elements of the oral tradition, postmodern literary techniques, and magical realism to 10+ Restaurant Form - Free, give voice to the experiences of women living on the margins of white American society. As a best-selling African-American female author, Morrison represented a breakthrough for other black women novelists to succeed in Sample the mainstream publishing industry. Letter For Personal Reasons! She received the National Book Critics Circle Award and the American Academy and Institute of Arts and | Scribendi Letters Award for Song of Template For Friend, Solomon (1977), the Letter Sample Pulitzer Prize in fiction for Beloved (1987), and the 1996 National Book Foundation Medal for 10+ Restaurant Reservation - Free Sample,, Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. Four of her novels were chosen for Query, the Oprah Winfrey national book club, and Beloved was adapted to film as a major motion picture produced by and starring Winfrey. Morrison was born Chloe Anthony Wofford, on February 18, 1931, in Writing Service - Template Lorain, Ohio, where her father worked as a ship welder. She was very close in age to her sister, with whom she formed a strong bond that has continued throughout her life. Morrison was encouraged by Query | Scribendi her family to read, and spent much of her childhood at the local library.

She graduated with a B.A. from Howard University in 1953, and went on to complete an M.A. in English literature at Cornell University in 1955. She was married in 1958 and had two sons, but divorced in 1964, and became a single mother. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, she worked as an Resume Writing For Customer Service instructor at Texas Southern University in Houston and at Howard University in Washington, D.C. She served as an editor for Random House publishers from 1965 to 1983. Letter | Scribendi! Her first novel, The Bluest Eye (1970), was expanded from a short story she had written while still in college. 10+ Restaurant - Free Example! Although The Bluest Eye received scant notice at first, Morrison's career as a nationally recognized author was launched with the Query | Scribendi success of Resume For Administrative, Sula (1973), her second novel, after which The Bluest Eye was retrospectively given renewed consideration as an important work of fiction. While continuing to Letter Sample, write novels and 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples - Free Sample, Example children's books, as well as editing several essay collections on issues of race in America, Morrison has taught as a guest professor in English and Sample humanities at 73 Best Images On Pinterest | Speech, a number of Letter Sample, colleges and universities, including the State University of 73 Best Milestones Images, New York at Albany and at Purchase, Yale University, Bard College, Harvard University, and Query Sample | Scribendi Trinity College at Cambridge University in England. Since 1989, she has maintained a post as professor of humanities at Princeton University. Morrison's overarching thematic concern throughout her oeuvre is with issues of African-American female identity in the contemporary world.

Her novels offer complex examinations of problems within the African-American community, power dynamics between men and women, and issues of racism in Reference Letter relations between black and white America. Query Letter! Morrison's primary interest lies with the 73 Best Milestones On Pinterest | Speech experiences of African-American women, whose quests for individual identity are integrally intertwined with their community and their cultural history. Her fictions are self-consciously concerned with myth, legend, storytelling, and the oral tradition, as well as with memory, history, and historiography, and Letter | Scribendi have thus been recognized as postmodern meta-narratives. Morrison's stories are conscious of African cultural heritage as well as African-American history, thus demonstrating the Reservation Form Sample, Example importance of the past to Query Sample, the struggles of contemporary African Americans. She employs strong elements of Black English in her dialogue and narration to express the importance of language in the formation of identity. Developmental Milestones On Pinterest | Speech! Her novels often employ elements of Letter, magic, fantasy, and the supernatural, such as the character in Song of Solomon who can fly, or the ghost of a dead child who appears in Beloved.

The Bluest Eye, her first novel, is set in the 1940s and addresses issues of race and Reference Letter For Friend beauty standards through the Query Letter figure of Pecola Breedlove, an eleven-year-old African-American girl who dreams of having blue eyes and Sample Resume long, blond hair. After Pecola is raped by her father and becomes pregnant as a result, she descends into insanity and Letter Sample insists that she has “the bluest eyes in Resignation Letter Sample Reasons Cv Cover the whole world.” Morrison's next three novels, Sula, Song of Solomon, and Tar Baby (1981), are generally regarded as a trilogy. Sula centers on the powerful bonds of friendship between Sula Peace and Nel Wright, who meet as girls and Sample | Scribendi maintain their friendship into adulthood. This bond is ruptured, however, when Nel finds her husband in Resignation Letter Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover bed with Sula. In Sula, Morrison explores the importance of female friendship in Query Letter | Scribendi the formation of individual identity, which in reality is often superseded by women's relationships with men. Song of Solomon centers on the character of Milkman Dead, who is born in the North but journeys to the South, where he discovers that he is a descendant of Solomon, a member of a mythical West African tribe whose members can fly. According to legend, these Africans, captured and enslaved in Customer Service Blank Feedback Stock America, escaped their bondage by flying back to Africa. Song of Solomon explores issues of African-American history and myth in the formation of individual identity. Tar Baby is set on the Isle de Chevaliers in the Caribbean, in contemporary times.

With the character of Jadine Childs, a successful fashion model and student of Letter Sample | Scribendi, art history, Tar Baby examines the dilemmas of assimilation and cultural identity among middle-class African Americans. Morrison's subsequent three novels, Beloved, Jazz (1992), and Paradise (1998), are often loosely grouped as another trilogy, each set in 10+ Restaurant Form Samples - Free a different period of African-American history: Beloved takes place during the post-Civil War era, with flashbacks to the years of slavery in the South; Jazz is | Scribendi set during the Harlem Renaissance of the 10+ Restaurant Reservation 1920s; and Paradise is set during the Civil Rights era of the 1960s and Letter | Scribendi 1970s. Beloved combines elements of magical realism with the tradition of the African-American slave narrative in the story of Halle, a former slave struggling to Writing Service - Template, raise her children in the post-Civil War era. Halle once killed her own infant in order to save it from a life of slavery, and the ghost of this dead child comes back to haunt her home as an adolescent girl called Baby Suggs. Letter! Jazz concerns a romantic triangle between a woman named Violet, her husband Joe, and an eighteen-year-old girl named Dorcas, whom Joe falls in love with. Joe's passion for Dorcas ultimately results in his shooting and killing her. Enraged by her husband's betrayal, Violet goes to 73 Best Developmental Milestones | Speech, the girl's funeral and cuts the face of the corpse with a knife. As Barbara Williams Lewis pointed out in her essay “The Function of Query | Scribendi, Jazz in Toni Morrison's Jazz, ” Morrison's narrative structure and voice in Jazz are based on the structural elements of jazz music. Paradise explores the tensions between the Customer Service Feedback all-black town of Ruby and an all-women convent located on the outskirts of the town.

Threatened by Query Letter Sample the empowerment of women within the convent community, the men of Ruby invade it and massacre the Template For Friend - women living there. Love (2003) takes place at the site of a once-luxurious vacation resort catering to African-American visitors. Narrated by L., the former cook at the closed-down resort, Love concerns the internecine struggles between two women, Heed and Christine, over the affections of Bill Cosey, the now-deceased owner of the Query Sample resort. Heed and Christine began as girlhood friends. Their friendship was destroyed, however, when Cosey, Christine's fifty-two-year-old grandfather, purchased the eleven-year-old Heed from her parents so that he could take her as his child bride. Reference Letter Template For Friend! Heed and Christine, now old women, both live in the mansion of the closed-down resort, fiercely battling one another over the ambiguous and still-unsettled will Cosey had scribbled on a restaurant menu. Love examines the different types of love felt by Heed, Christine, and several other women for the deceased man who was—and remains after death—the center of their lives. Morrison's novels have been almost universally praised by reviewers, and have been the subject of Letter | Scribendi, numerous academic books and essays in the fields of Survey Questionnaire Feedback, gender studies, ethnic studies, postmodern theory, literary theory, and cultural studies. Many critics praised Morrison's complex treatment of issues of African-American identity in her novels. Gurleen Grewal expressed Morrison's concern with African-American identity throughout her oeuvre in stating, “African Americans must negotiate a place for themselves within a dominant culture; how they situate themselves with respect to their own history and culture is a pervasive theme of Morrison's novels.” Yvonne Atkinson described Morrison's use of Black English as central to her narrative voice, asserting, “Morrison has enveloped the written word in the oral tradition: the use of Letter Sample, words from Black English and rituals and style of the oral tradition enhance her texts, and the systems of language, the style, and the lexicon of Black English that Morrison uses in her novels bear Witness to Sample For Personal | Resume Cv Cover, African-American culture.” Karla K. Holloway examined the ways in Query which Morrison utilizes a lyrical narrative voice in The Bluest Eye and Song of Solomon to express African-American experience and construct a sense of cultural identity in Resume For Administrative Assistant the African Diaspora. Holloway asserted, “Morrison's novels recall a West African version of reality that allows the coexistence of the Sample spiritual and physical worlds within the same narrative spaces.

In these spaces, mythic voices reconstruct an African-American universe.” Rob Davidson commented on 73 Best Developmental Milestones Images | Speech the ways in which Morrison's Beloved, Jazz, and Paradise, loosely grouped as a trilogy, function as meta-narratives about the construction of African-American identity; Davidson stated, “One of the most important concerns in the trilogy is the Query | Scribendi ‘use value’ of Customer Service Questionnaire Stock, narrative. Storytelling is historiography in Morrison's fiction, and in each novel she carefully examines the | Scribendi role of narrative in the reconstitution of both the individual self and society at large.” In an entry on Toni Morrison for Resignation Letter Sample, the book Postmodernism: Key Figures, Thomas B. Howe observed that Morrison's use of Query Letter Sample, multiple narrative voices in many of her fictions is a key element of her work. Reference -! Howe noted, “Morrison's fictions repeatedly challenge cultural traditions defined by patriarchal, assimilationist, and totalizing standards. Ever since her first novel … she has set herself in opposition to the European American white mainstream by portraying and celebrating unique, powerful voices of Query Letter Sample, marginalized women from American history and contemporary American life.” Love, Morrison's latest novel, has been met with rave reviews. Thulani Davis observed, “A distillation of many of [Morrison's] earlier themes, notably the theft of Letter For Personal Cv Cover, girlhood and wars over Sample | Scribendi, times now gone, Love is Reference Template - a rich parable about the damaging past as a demagogue ruling the present.” Adam Langer commented, “Taut and uncompromising, Love is a compact meditation on Query Letter | Scribendi the aftermath of the civil rights movement, a chilling ghost story about a friendship destroyed by the whims of a wealthy and Sample For Personal respected patriarch, an epic saga about the generation gap, a concise reflection on the African-American experience in the twentieth century.” Deborah E. McDowell noted that Love may be regarded as “a retrospective or compendium” of Morrison's thematic treatment of love in her earlier works. McDowell observed that Morrison's oeuvre as a whole represents “a philosophical journey into Letter | Scribendi the heart of love, at times a darkened continent blazed by Morrison's luminous prose, her dazzling lyricism, her labor of love.” Access our Toni Morrison Study Guide for Free.

The Bluest Eye (novel) 1970. The Black Book [editor] (nonfiction) 1974. Song of Solomon (novel) 1977. Tar Baby (novel) 1981. Dreaming Emmett (play) 1986. Beloved (novel) 1987. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (essays) 1992. Rac-ing Justice, En-gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas and the Construction of Sample Assistant | Best, Social Reality [editor and author of introduction] (essays) 1992. * The Dancing Mind (speech).

(The entire section is 145 words.) Get Free Access to this Toni Morrison Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to Letter Sample | Scribendi, ace every test, quiz, and Writing Service essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi characters so you can understand them on Letter For Friend - your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in Letter | Scribendi one place, even if you're on the go. 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples - Free Example! Download our handy iOS app for free.

Karla F. C. Holloway (essay date 1994) SOURCE: Holloway, Karla F. C. “The Lyrical Dimensions of Spirituality: Music, Voice, and Language in the Novels of Toni Morrison.” In Embodied Voices: Representing Female Vocality in Western Culture, edited by Leslie C. Dunn and Nancy A. Jones, pp. 197-211. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. [ In the following essay, Holloway examines Morrison's use of lyrical female voices in The Bluest Eye and The Song of Solomon as a celebration of African-American spirituality and cultural identity. ] In the final pages of Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon, an Letter Sample aged, weary, and dying Pilate grants her nephew Milkman her supreme gift—she gives him her. (The entire section is 6935 words.) Get Free Access to this Toni Morrison Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to 10+ Restaurant Reservation Sample, Example, unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Furman, Jan. “Black Girlhood and Letter Black Womanhood: The Bluest Eye and Sula. 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples - Free! ” In Toni Morrison's Fiction, pp.

12-33. Columbia, S.C.: University of Sample | Scribendi, South Carolina Press, 1996. [ In the following essay, Furman examines the significance of family and community to developing a personal sense of African-American female identity in Morrison's The Bluest Eye and Sula.] From the Reservation - Free Sample, beginning of her writing career Morrison has exercised a keen scrutiny of women's lives. The Bluest Eye and Sula, Morrison's first and second novels, are to varying extents about black girlhood and black womanhood, about women's connections to their families. (The entire section is 11053 words.) Barbara Williams Lewis (essay date 1997) SOURCE: Lewis, Barbara Williams. Query Sample! “The Function of 73 Best Milestones Images On Pinterest | Speech, Jazz in Toni Morrison's Jazz. ” In Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism, edited by David L. Middleton, pp. 271-81. Sample! New York: Garland Publishing, 1997. [ In the following essay, Lewis argues that Morrison's Jazz may be categorized as a “jazz novel,” in that the narrative structure of the story is based on 73 Best Milestones Images | Speech stylistic techniques of jazz music. ] —Duke Ellington, 1932.

If we look at the beginning and end of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, Toni Morrison's Jazz, the novel appears to Letter, be structurally. (The entire section is 3697 words.) SOURCE: Grewal, Gurleen. “Prospero's Spell and the Question of Resistance: Tar Baby. ” In Circles of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, Sorrow, Lines of Struggle: The Novels of Resignation Letter For Personal Reasons Cv Cover, Toni Morrison, pp. 79-95. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998. [ In the following essay, Grewal asserts that Morrison's Tar Baby examines African-American struggles over issues of identity in a postmodern, postcolonial world. Sample! ] And neither world thought the other world's thought, save with a vague unrest. —W.

E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk. (The entire section is Reservation Example 8939 words.) SOURCE: Atkinson, Yvonne. “Language that Bears Witness: The Black English Oral Tradition in the Works of Toni Morrison.” In The Aesthetics of Query Letter | Scribendi, Toni Morrison: Speaking the Unspeakable, edited by Marc C. Template For Friend! Conner, pp. Query Letter | Scribendi! 12-30. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2000. [ In the Customer Survey Service Questionnaire Feedback Stock following essay, Atkinson argues that the Black English oral tradition, grounded in African-American culture, forms the foundation of Morrison's fiction. ] Toni Morrison has said, “I tend not to explain things very much, but I long for a critic who will know what I mean when I say ‘church’ or ‘community,’ or when I say ‘ancestor,’ or ‘chorus.’ Because my books come out of those. (The entire section is 8326 words.) SOURCE: Duvall, John N. Query! “The Authorized Morrison: Reflexivity and the Historiographic.” In The Identifying Fictions of Toni Morrison: Modernist Authenticity and Postmodern Blackness, pp. 119-51. New York: Palgrave, 2000.

[ In the following essay, Duvall examines elements of metafiction in relation to African-American female identity in Morrison's Beloved,Jazz, and Paradise.] With Tar Baby, Morrison lays to rest much of her anxiety about her identity as an African-American woman novelist. This is what I mean by “the authorized Morrison.” She has in the course of Developmental Images, her preceding fictions largely authorized herself, constructing a powerful position from which to write and speak. If this study contributes anything to an understanding of Sample, Morrison, it is the way her identifying fictions—her first four novels—do not simply thematize identity formation, they perform it. As I have argued, it is a highly self-reflexive process: as Morrison writes, she enacts the identity she was not certain she had, thereby constituting that very identity. Reference Letter -! The Morrison who writes Beloved, Jazz, and Paradise is more confident that the funk can rise economically; in other words, she feels less inclined to celebrate a black identity exclusively linked to poverty.

No longer needing to allegorize her struggle to become an authentic African-American woman, Morrison nevertheless, at various moments in her later historiographic trilogy, continues to meditate on authorship and the social role the artist may play in relation to the community. I do not intend my discussion of Morrison's latest three novels to Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, be full and complete readings; rather, I want to place these fictions in the context that this study has emphasized—the autobiographical impulses that animate various moments within the writing. Although no longer as prominent a feature as it was in Survey Questionnaire her earlier novels, the reflexive contemplation Morrison begins on authorship with Soaphead Church in The Bluest Eye continues through such characters in her historiographic trilogy as Baby Suggs, Sethe's mother-in-law in Beloved ; the unnamed, disembodied narrator of Jazz, who is strong enough to question her own productive powers; and a final marginal figure from Paradise, Patricia Best, the light-complexioned black woman whose historical writing interprets the hidden meaning of genealogy in the all-black town of Ruby, Oklahoma. NO UNCLE TOM: BABY SUGGS, ARTIST OF THE BODILY SPIRIT. Certainly no American text of the sort I am discussing was ever written for black people—no more than Uncle Tom's Cabin was written for Uncle Tom to read or be persuaded by. —Toni Morrison, Playing in the Dark. Previously, I have used Morrison's interviews and criticism to create various purchases on her fiction.

I would like, however, to move in a different direction here to Query Sample | Scribendi, suggest that Beloved may provide clues about Morrison's developing critical sensibility, a sensibility that would manifest itself a year after the 10+ Restaurant Sample, publication of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, her fifth novel in her lecture, “Unspeakable Things Unspoken: The Afro-American Presence in American Literature.” In other words, how does Morrison's fifth novel look if one reads it for her development of a critique of Enlightenment impulses in nineteenth-century American literature? For Morrison, Stowe's failure to acknowledge the Resume Objectives Assistant black reader means that Uncle Tom's Cabin exemplifies the larger failure of the American novel to Query Sample, recognize its implication in the construction of racism ( Playing 16-17). Certainly in Morrison's fictional rendering of slavery, the African-American reader is For Personal | Resume Cv Cover always addressed. But Morrison's relation to Stowe, I wish to argue, goes beyond a passing comment to the intertextual fabric of Letter | Scribendi, Beloved. In Beloved, Morrison begins to make a clearer turn to Developmental, a fiction that is historiographic in the sense Linda Hutcheon has identified as postmodern. For Hutcheon, novels such as Beloved “juxtapose what we think we know of the past (from official archival sources and Query Sample | Scribendi personal memory)” with alternative representations that emphasize “the postmodern epistemological questioning of the nature of historical knowledge”; such an emphasis allows the reader to ask, “Which ‘facts’ make it into history? And whose facts?” ( Politics 71). Morrison's turn toward alternative history is signaled by Customer Survey Questionnaire Blank Feedback Stock Beloved 's most immediate intertext, the Letter Sample archive of slave narratives in general and more particularly the story of Margaret Garner. 1 While working at Random House, Morrison served as the unacknowledged editor for an alternative history of everyday African Americans, The Black Book (1974), a portion of 73 Best Developmental Milestones Images, which included excerpts from slave narratives.

Later Morrison came across Garner's story. While working on Beloved in 1985, Morrison claims to have known about Garner only through a “newspaper clipping”; however, as the novelist continues discussing Garner's escape from Kentucky, Morrison reveals a familiarity that seems to exceed a single newspaper clipping: [Garner] lived in a little neighborhood just outside of Cincinnati and she had killed her children. Sample | Scribendi! She succeeded in killing one; she tried to kill two others. She hit them in Milestones Images On Pinterest the head with a shovel and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi they were wounded but they didn't die. And there was a smaller one that she had at her breast. The interesting thing, in addition to that, was the interviews that she gave.

She was a young woman. In the inked pictures of her she seemed a very quiet, very serene-looking woman and everyone who interviewed her remarked about Sample For Administrative Assistant her serenity and Sample tranquility. She said, “I will not let those children live how I have lived.” Morrison goes on to tell about Garner's mother-in-law's reaction to the killing. More recently Morrison responded to a question regarding her reading of slave narratives and their relation to Beloved : I wouldn't read them for information because I knew that they had to be authenticated by white patrons, that they couldn't say everything they wanted to On Pinterest, say because they couldn't alienate their audience […]. Query Letter Sample | Scribendi! Their narratives had to be very understated. So while I looked at the documents and felt familiar with slavery and overwhelmed by it, I wanted it to be truly felt. I wanted to translate the historical into the personal. Claiming little specific knowledge (nor wanting more regarding Garner), Morrison can presumably merge fiction and history in a fashion that will personalize and politicize the past. The earlier quotation, however, suggests that Morrison is more aware of the historical record concerning Garner than she admits, and the reason may have something to do with a desire to conceal another intertext, Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.

2 Morrison self-consciously changes the facts of Garner's story so that it looks less like the narrative of Stowe's Eliza. Margaret Garner, like Eliza, escapes across the partially frozen Ohio River; Morrison, however, changes this detail in Sethe's crossing of the Ohio. 3 This is an interesting twist on an author-directed form of Letter For Personal | Resume Cv Cover, intertextuality. Her earlier titles Song of Solomon and Tar Baby explicitly invite the reader to think about the biblical chapter and the folk tale; now, however, Morrison's novel directs the reader's attention to Uncle Tom's Cabin because of the fictive moves that create difference and seem almost to say, “Don't think of Stowe's novel.” Yet Stowe's narrative insists on manifesting itself. 4 But what specifically identifies this nineteenth-century novel as an intertext of Beloved ? In chapter 39 of Uncle Tom's Cabin, Simon Legree's abused mistress, Cassy, develops the plan whereby she and Emmeline (whom Legree plans to Sample | Scribendi, succeed Cassy) will escape by hiding in the attic of the cruel master's house. Her stratagem is based on “the memory of an Sample For Administrative Assistant | Best old ghost legend” (396), which in turn is rooted in the death of a woman slave whom Legree apparently tortured and killed in that garret.

By clever contrivances, Cassy convinces Legree that the attic is indeed haunted, so that when she and Emmeline appear to Query Letter Sample, escape into Customer Survey Blank Stock the swamp, they may safely return to hide in Query Letter the garret until Legree exhausts himself searching the swamp. While actually carrying out the first part of Examples - Template, this plan (the apparent escape into the swamp) with Legree in hot pursuit, Emmeline falters: “O Cassy, I'm going to faint!” Cassy responds, pulling a stiletto and says: “If you do, I'll kill you!” (401). Query Letter Sample! This moment, in which a woman who has lost her daughter threatens the young woman who is that lost daughter's metaphorical substitute, resonates particularly with a central moment in Toni Morrison's Beloved —Sethe's successful killing of her baby daughter, Beloved, when the mother realizes she and her children will be taken back into Survey Questionnaire Feedback Stock slavery. Cassy's relation to Sethe becomes even clearer in the life history that Cassy narrates to Letter | Scribendi, Tom. She tells him how she killed a son out of love. Cassy's first son, fathered by the master whom she loved, had been taken from For Customer Service her after the master sold her; she reasons, therefore, that her second son's life—given the violent disruptions of the black family under slavery—would not be worth living and so gives the baby laudanum (364). Taken together, Sethe's and Cassy's infanticides suggest the way Beloved rewrites Uncle Tom's Cabin, a rewriting that refuses the Sample | Scribendi vision of Stowe's Christian world and simultaneously posits an Letter Reasons Africanist realm of spirituality. Unlike spirituality in Stowe's novel, in which the tortured black body of Letter Sample, Uncle Tom can be released only by death into eternal salvation, whatever paradise can be achieved in Morrison's novel must happen in relation to the body.

Several other overt parallels between Beloved and Uncle Tom's Cabin remain despite Morrison's apparent attempt to deflect the Writing Examples reader's attention from the connection. 5 Like Eliza, who lives in comfort and apparent security from the market economy of slavery at the Harris farm in Kentucky, Sethe also lives on a Kentucky farm where the human dignity of the slaves appears secure. In both novels, this tranquil state terminates suddenly: in Query Letter | Scribendi Uncle Tom's Cabin, Mr. Shelby must sell two of his slaves or risk losing his farm; in Survey Blank Beloved, the death of the good master allows the sadistic schoolteacher to take over. Query Letter Sample! In response, both Eliza with her child and Sethe, pregnant with Denver, escape to Ohio. But here the parallels begin to break down. Developmental! Eliza's story quickly moves toward comedy. Letter Sample | Scribendi! She is reunited with her husband and the family unit makes its way to Canada.

In fact, except for the Christian martyr Tom, all of Sample Objectives Assistant | Best, Stowe's major characters find integration into a larger community. Eliza is Query Sample | Scribendi reunited with her mother, just as Cassy is reunited with her daughter. Even the sting of Uncle Tom's death is Examples - Template mitigated by the narrator's certain knowledge that Tom goes to meet his Maker. In a novel that purports to reveal the horrors of slavery, it oddly becomes a sort of fairy tale, a wish fulfillment nominated as “truth stranger than fiction. How can it be otherwise, when a system prevails which whirls families and Query Letter scatters their members, as the wind whirls and scatters the leaves of autumn? These shores of Resignation Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover, refuge, like the eternal shore, often unite again, in glad communion, hearts that for Sample, long years have mourned each other as lost” (424). Beloved 's reunions, on the other hand, are far from easy or fortunate. Paul D finds Sethe only accidentally and after years of Resignation Sample Reasons, wandering.

And he is not her husband. Moreover, Morrison's novel addresses ambiguously the mother-daughter reunion. Not all haunted houses lead to happy homes. Chapter 42 of Uncle Tom's Cabin claims, with Stowe's Fieldingesque irony, to be “An Authentic Ghost Story.” Cassy, who, unlike Sethe, is Query Sample | Scribendi not haunted by the killing of her child, decides to “haunt” Legree as part of Reference Letter Template -, her plan to escape with Emmeline. She begins leaving the garret at night dressed in a sheet and appears to Legree one night thus attired. | Scribendi! In doing so she brings to 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples, bear an understanding of Legree's fear of the slave he killed in the attic and of his recurring dread of the rough way he treated his dying mother. Cassy's action drives Legree into insanity that hastens his death. So in one sense, the figure of the Letter Sample | Scribendi ghost in Legree's plantation house is the simplest of the Resume For Customer Service - Template three. Cassy, as the reader is well aware, is the “ghost,” a ploy she uses to Query | Scribendi, defeat an evil man.

In another sense, though, the ghost in Reservation Form Samples - Free Sample, Example Legree's house is complicated by Stowe's Christian world picture. 6 Speaking of Query Sample | Scribendi, Legree, who returns from Service Feedback a night of drinking, the narrator tells us: “let a man take what pains he may to hush it down, a human soul is an awful, ghostly, unquiet possession for a bad man to Sample | Scribendi, have” (417). To figure the soul as a ghost, however, pulls against the narrator's assertion that Legree's superstitious nature is a trait “common to coarse and uninstructed minds” (367-68), for Samples - Free, what is Legree's superstition but an intimation of his ghostly soul? That is to say, it is precisely Legree's superstition that is closest to his spirituality and Query the possibility of his redemption. In Legree's house, then, ghosts are simultaneously affirmed and Writing Service denied: the narrator's overt rhetoric makes the idea of ghosts laughable, while Stowe's Christian vision assures us of a different supernatural, the realm of heaven and angels.

Stowe's Christian supernatural emerges in the contrasting yet parallel death scenes of two of Tom's masters—the good New Orleans master, St. Clare, and the vicious planter, Legree. Letter Sample! On St. Clare's deathbed in Stowe's aptly titled chapter “Reunion,” the good man has a vision of his mother: “Just before the spirit parted, he opened his eyes, with a sudden light, as of joy and recognition, and said, ‘Mother!’ and then he was gone!” (318). Not only does St. Clare encounter his mother's ghost in Template the moment of his dying, he himself is denominated as one—“spirit.” Just as Tom's good master is | Scribendi ushered into eternity by his mother, so too is Legree met by his mother who will lead him to eternal damnation.

Although initially it was Cassy's acting that drove Legree to distraction, it is Legree's mother who comes to his deathbed, “a stern, white, inexorable figure, saying, ‘Come! come! come!’” (418). The distinction, we might say, is between ghosts and Sample Objectives holy ghosts or angels, which—as appearance of these two mothers at the deaths of their sons would suggest—aligns these maternal ghosts with a feminine principle in Stowe's discourse. This feminine principle has everything to do with an opposition between reason and feeling. Query Letter Sample! 7. And those with the most natural relation to feeling in Resignation Letter Sample For Personal | Resume Stowe's world are women, children, and African Americans. The dying Eva's relation to her father, St. Clare, and Tom's relation to Query, his various masters underscore Stowe's world picture. Eva, for example, leads her father to Reservation Form Samples, Christ, but only by the assertion of her belief, a belief that cannot be grounded on reason. Tom's relation to St.

Clare duplicates Eva's, since Tom vows never to leave until “Mas'r St. Clare's a Christian” (306). Tom, like Eva, bases his appeal not on reason but on Query | Scribendi faith. From the Examples Service outset we are told that Tom is simple. His stature as Christian tragic hero resides in his spiritual greatness, his ability to feel the logos, not to reason with it: Uncle Tom was a sort of patriarch in religious matters in the neighborhood. [… H]e was looked up to with great respect, as a sort of minister among them; and the simple, hearty, sincere style of his exhortations, might have edified even better educated persons.

But it was in prayer that he especially excelled. Nothing could exceed the touching simplicity, the childlike earnestness of his prayer, enriched with the language of Letter Sample | Scribendi, Scripture, which seemed so entirely to 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples - Free, have wrought itself into Query his being as to have become a part of himself, and to drop from his lips unconsciously. […] And so much did his prayer always work on the devotional feeling of his audiences, that there seemed often a danger that it would be lost altogether in Resignation | Resume Cv Cover the abundance of the responses which broke out everywhere around him. Tom's religion, like Romantic poetry, is the Letter | Scribendi spontaneous overflow of powerful emotions. Feedback! Tom, however, readily grants St. Clare superior intellect, something Tom admires as a sign that God has “a work for mas'r” (306). Tom's ministrations to his masters never deviates, no matter what kind of man his master is. Tom is as good and Letter Sample faithful a servant to Legree as he was to Mr. Shelby or to St. Resume Objectives Assistant! Clare. Refusing only to harm other slaves, Tom is a model of subservience on the Legree plantation.

Stowe's Christian world picture, for Sample, all its assertion of the moral superiority of Objectives | Best, true Christian women, slaves, and children, ultimately reinscribes what Jacques Lacan has termed the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi Name-of-the-Father, paternal authority that functions as linguistic construct (Lacan 199). The faithful wife, the Customer Service Blank Feedback humble slave, or the dutiful child may remind the husband, the master, or the father of the good and the true, but authority always resides with the Letter Sample male. Questionnaire Stock! And it is the duty of the wife, the slave, and the child to submit to male authority, even when it is questionable, and to leave punishment of the bad man (that is, the failed embodiment of the father function) to that ultimate symbolic Father, God. Even on the Legree plantation, Emmeline can say to the doubting Cassy, “You must trust Him, Cassy. […] He is our Father!” (406). The most persistent contradiction in Stowe's novel, then, is that while it scrutinizes earthly manifestations of patriarchy, in the final instance it resoundingly affirms patriarchy as transcendent design, thus remaining well within the logocentrism of God the Father. As Uncle Tom's Cabin and Beloved meditate on community, they begin to chart a parent's possible motivation for sacrificing a child. Query Letter! If Uncle Tom's Cabin argues for the efficacy of women in a spiritual patriarchy, Beloved functions in part to Developmental Images On Pinterest, recover a realm of spirit that is Query Letter Sample outside and prior to transcendence conceived of in masculine tropes. 8 A key difference is marked by Sample Resume Objectives For Administrative Assistant | Best the nature of Letter, ghosts in Morrison's novel.

The “ghosts” that haunt Legree's house are actually human agents, not spirits. In Beloved, 124 Bluestone Road is indeed visited by an authentic ghost. 9 We have a situation more complex than in Uncle Tom's Cabin, which takes an either/or stance on ghosts—even though, as I noted earlier, Stowe's novel covertly subverts this opposition that the narrator articulates. Beloved instead posits a both/and relation to ghosts: Beloved is simultaneously a material being and a spirit. But whose spirit? The various answers readers have given to this question yield a sense of the synchronicity that Beloved represents. She is Sethe's dead child come home, she is Seth's hanged mother reincarnated, she is spirit of the Middle Passage; Beloved is, in Reference Letter Template For Friend short, a metonymy for the “Sixty Million and Letter Sample more” of the book's dedication, a number representing those killed, raped, or otherwise physically and psychologically damaged in the history of the American slave trade. As such, Beloved is not the Word but rather the “rememory” made flesh.

Morrison's representation of ghosts points to a difference between the haunting of Sethe's house and that of Legree's. This difference turns on the way spirituality is articulated through religious language, particularly in Reservation Form - Free Sample, Uncle Tom's Cabin and Beloved. As the intersection of the material body and the spirit, the impregnated Beloved serves as a figure for the religious thinking of Baby Suggs. Her spirituality resonates with the Dogon creation myth that mourns the lost possibilities of androgyny and Query the female in the fallen world. In Morrison's rewriting of 10+ Restaurant Form Samples - Free Sample,, Uncle Tom's Cabin, she apparently omits “the hero of our story” (Stowe 28), Uncle Tom. Tom, the religious patriarch of the Sample Shelby farm, however, is recast in the maternal figure of Baby Suggs. And the religion she preaches has a much different message than the submission Tom advocates. Thinking about the atrocities committed by white people in Reference Letter For Friend - the aftermath of the Civil War, Stamp Paid asks himself, “What are these people? You tell me, Jesus. What are they?” (180).

But in Beloved, Tom's Jesus can neither succor nor explain. Although Tom dies in certainty of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, meeting his Heavenly Father, Baby Suggs dies in doubt; nevertheless, Beloved in its fictive resolution triumphantly affirms her religion of the maternal body. In the clearing where she held her ceremonies, Baby Suggs, shunning the patriarchal Word, “did not tell them they were the blessed of the earth, its inheriting meek or its glorybound pure”; instead, “she told them that the only grace they could have was the grace they could imagine”: “Here,” she said, “in this here place, we flesh; flesh that weeps, laughs; flesh that dances on bare feet in grass. Love it. Love it hard. Yonder they do not love your flesh. They despise it. […] Love your hands!

Love them. Raise them up and kiss them. Touch others with them, pat them together […]. This is Developmental Milestones On Pinterest flesh I'm talking about here. Flesh that needs to be loved. […] And all your inside parts that they'd just as soon slop for hogs, you got to love them.

The dark, dark liver—love it, love it, and the beat and beating heart, love that too. More than eyes or feet. Query Sample | Scribendi! More than lungs that have yet to draw free air. More than your life-holding womb and your life-giving private parts, hear me now, love your heart. For this is the Resignation Letter For Personal prize. If Tom's Christianity is the religion that legitimizes a masculine libidinal economy that privileges the transmission of the patriarchal Word in the father-son relationship (with woman as the ghostly go-between), then Baby Suggs's religion of the body envisions a fleshy and fluid spirit suggestive of the Query | Scribendi maternal body. In the For Administrative opening sentence of her sermon, an Letter Sample interesting expression leads in two directions simultaneously—“we flesh.” The strangeness of the words points to an irreducible tension.

Simultaneously “flesh” functions as a metonymical noun of address to her listeners and as a verb describing the body's fluid processes enacted as communal ritual. But her role as preacher of the flesh also reveals Baby Suggs as the synthesis of Morrison's previous representations of the artist figure, particularly as this character develops aspects of 10+ Restaurant Samples, Pilate Dead. Clearly, Baby Suggs is the master of an expressive form, unlike the | Scribendi many maimed or near artists of Morrison's previous fiction. Having healed herself through the writing of her first four novels, Morrison now figures an artist who can truly heal the community in ways that a Soaphead Church or a Sula cannot. In the female preacher of Form, Beloved, one might say, Morrison reveals her aspirations for her art and communal role. Rather than art imitating life, life follows art, for Baby Suggs seems to model the role of public intellectual that Morrison has come to play since the late 1980s. Neither an Uncle Tom nor an artist manque, Baby Suggs weds the aesthetic to both the spiritual and the ethical, suggesting the enlarged public role Morrison would carve out for herself in order to comment more broadly on racism in America.

But even as Morrison imagines the Query larger potential for expression, the specter of Customer Survey Questionnaire, marginality arises once again, for Baby Suggs, like all of Morrison's artist figures, risks becoming isolated from the community. This of course is precisely what happens when she gives too much of herself in the aftermath of the feast she prepares for her daughter-in-law, recently escaped from slavery. Reproducing the miracle of Tom's Jesus (the feeding of the multitude), Baby Suggs only earns the community's resentment by her fantastic excess. It is in fact this prosperity that marks Baby Suggs's difference from so many of Morrison's earlier characters whose authenticity seems to depend on Query Letter | Scribendi a life that is Customer Survey Service Questionnaire Stock economically pinched. Letter Sample | Scribendi! This is not to say that Baby Suggs has not experienced the privations of slavery.

She may have gained her daughter-in-law but her son is Reservation Samples - Free Example denied her. Moreover, Baby Suggs's prosperity is relative; she is Query Letter | Scribendi hardly wealthy, but in this all-black, post-Civil War community, she has more than she needs and more than others. As her neighbors sullenly acknowledge, she has “a house with two floors and a well” (137). Acknowledging that “she had overstepped” (138) by giving too much of her gifts (thus flaunting her blessings), Baby Suggs senses the ill will of the black community just prior to the arrival of schoolteacher and Stock ensuing tragedy. As she hoes her garden, she recalls her seven children taken from her, naming four of them, and tries to Query Letter | Scribendi, imagine them grown. Resume Writing Examples For Customer Service! The last of the four names points to the reflexivity and unfinished business of self-fashioning latent in the moment.

She asks herself, “Does Ardelia still love the burned bottom of bread?” (139). Query Sample! By having the novel's central figuration of the artist invoke the first name of Morrison's maternal grandmother, the secret Ardelia of Chloe Wofford, the author seems to come to terms with whatever might be threatening in that name. Resume For Administrative | Best! In a sense Morrison becomes the grandmother's mother and thus claims herself as her own ancestor. Baby Suggs's decline, as many readers have noted, occurs “twenty-eight days after her daughter-in-law arrived” (89). This time period, the menstrual cycle, anticipates a different flowing of female blood, Sethe's slitting her daughter's throat.

The flowing of blood also is linked to another flowing of bodily fluids, Sethe's milk, milk intended for Sample | Scribendi, the child whose blood she spills. Here both Luce Irigaray's feminist theory and Baby Suggs's sermon speak together to comment on the crime schoolteacher's nephews perpetrate on Sethe's maternal body. Resume Writing Examples For Customer Service - Template! In Halle's telling, schoolteacher and his nephews are good Christians (37), yet the nephews' act of stealing Sethe's milk is a figure of the Query Letter | Scribendi division of Letter Sample For Personal Cv Cover, body and spirit, a moment erecting boundaries between self and other. The stealing of Sethe's milk is Beloved 's primal scene—that which must be simultaneously repressed and repeated. In fact the novel literally repeats the violation as a moment of Enlightenment discourse: schoolteacher records with the Query Letter Sample ink Sethe has made for his “scientific” investigation into race his nephews' rape of her; for 73 Best Developmental Milestones On Pinterest | Speech, schoolteacher, Sethe's pain is Query | Scribendi invisible and serves only Resume Writing For Customer - Template as another moment for him to attempt to know her essential racial identity. Sethe's killing her daughter creates a symbolic economy based on Letter Sample the maternal body in which her act reverses and repays schoolteacher's kinsmen: child's blood replaces mother's milk. The sight of For Personal Reasons, Sethe's holding her slaughtered child renders schoolteacher's nephew unable to explain, paralyzed by “the flow of some shameful liquid” (Irigaray 237).

The amazed white male audience of Sethe's act observe from the position of male subjectivity “that finds everything flowing abhorrent”: “Horrible to see: bloody. Query Letter Sample | Scribendi! Fluid has to Sample Resume Assistant, remain that secret remainder, of the one. Blood, but also milk, sperm, lymph, saliva, spit, tears, humors, gas, waves, airs, fire … light. All threaten to deform, propagate, evaporate, consume him, to flow out of him and into another who cannot be easily held on Sample | Scribendi to” (Irigary 237). Sethe's repayment in For Administrative Assistant this fluid economy reverses by asserting that the boundaries of Letter, self exceed the individual body, a position figured strikingly by her nursing the infant Denver shortly thereafter so that the baby ingests simultaneously mother's milk and For Customer Service - Template sister's blood. Beloved 's climactic moment—the hot summer day when the community of Query | Scribendi, women comes to purge 124—is the clearest moment of the primal scene's repetition and serves as an ontological unhinging as it blurs the Resume For Customer Service boundary between past and present. The day becomes a chance for Query Letter | Scribendi, Sethe to Milestones On Pinterest | Speech, choose differently than she did eighteen years earlier. In this repetition, a minor character helps us again see the difference between Uncle Tom's God the Father and Baby Suggs's religion of the body.

As Edward Bodwin returns to his Sweet Home, the house of his childhood that he and his sister rented to Baby Suggs, he is, for all appearances, a benevolent patriarch and member of “the Society,” a local group originally founded to oppose slavery. Yet in his private thoughts he is the excluded son, whose return to Query | Scribendi, 124 is crowded with memories of the tin soldiers he hid from “his father, probably, a deeply religious man who knew what God knew and told everybody what it was” (260). Customer Survey Questionnaire Blank Feedback Stock! The Society, we learn, had used Sethe's killing her child as political capital to advance the abolitionist cause. But despite Bodwin's ostensibly progressive politics, his personal vanity regarding his dark mustache and white hair leads to an interesting moment of reflection: Twenty years ago when the Society was at its height in opposing slavery, it was as though his coloring was itself the heart of the matter. The “bleached nigger” was what his enemies called him, and on a trip to Arkansas, some Mississippi rivermen, enraged by Letter Sample | Scribendi the Negro boatmen they competed with, had caught him and shoe-blackened his face and his hair. Those heady days were gone now; what remained was the Form sludge of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, ill will; dashed hopes and difficulties beyond repair. The appellation “bleached nigger” points to the way that Bodwin, in Morrison's critical terms, is playing in the dark.

The regret in his meditation seems at odds with the 10+ Restaurant - Free Example fact that the Society's chief objective has been achieved: the slaves are free. Essentially Bodwin longs for Query Sample, the good old days of slavery so that he might again be an abolitionist freedom fighter and media star. In his self-willed incomprehension of what is implied by Resume For Customer - Template his desires, Bodwin stands convicted, along with Tar Baby 's Valerian Street, of “the crime of innocence” ( Tar Baby 242). Query Letter | Scribendi! In his desire to return to the pre-Civil War condition of 73 Best Images On Pinterest, slavery, Bodwin's complicity with schoolteacher is Letter Sample underscored, for both schoolteacher's punishment and Bodwin's (preferably infinitely deferred) liberation of African-American bodies depends on Objectives | Best a white male authority. 10 What he does not realize any more than schoolteacher is that Sethe's killing enacts a maternal love that embraces Baby Suggs religion of the body. In a sense Bodwin is the Dead Father coming again to claim Beloved (and in fact he does come to take Sethe's other daughter away), an appropriate reincarnation of schoolteacher—good Christian men both. Sethe's decision to attack schoolteacher/Bodwin rather than kill Beloved (“spirit” woman)/Beloved (child) serves as a therapeutic reenactment that purges Sethe's haunted memory and Query Sample | Scribendi signals Beloved's departure. Reference Template For Friend! But the moment also allows the community to atone for its guilt at having resented Baby Suggs's good fortune and Query Sample | Scribendi generosity. In coming forward as a group, the thirty women suggest a different kind of religious thinking, one that affirms Baby Suggs's religion of the body.

Even as they are deciding what course of action to Resume Objectives | Best, take, the language of the Query women echoes Baby Suggs's message; speaking of Beloved, Ella says: “It's sitting there. Sleeps, eats and Resignation Letter Reasons | Resume Cv Cover raises hell. Whipping Sethe every day.” “No. Query Letter | Scribendi! Grown. The age it would have been had it lived.” “You talking about flesh?” “I'm talking about flesh.” The last two lines, suggesting the call-response form of an African-American church service, particularly echo one of Baby Suggs's lines from the Clearing—“This is flesh I'm talking about Developmental Images here” (88). It is particularly significant that Ella speaks at this moment.

Although biographical information about Morrison consistently identifies her mother as Ramah Wofford, something curious appears on Query Letter Sample | Scribendi Morrison's birth certificate. In the space provided for the mother's name, “Ramah Willis” appears but carroted above and before “Ramah” and in the same hand is Customer Survey Service Stock “Ella.” (See Morrison's birth certificate, reproduced in chapter 2.) The legal status of “Ella” is not clear. Is it a nickname by which Ramah Wofford was known? Whatever this name's status, it appears clear that Morrison's mother insisted on its addition to the legal document that is her daughter's birth certificate. This creates yet another significant autobiographical element to Beloved. Query Letter! Baby Suggs, mother to Ardelia, is also the spiritual ancestor to Ella, so that Morrison's depiction of the artistic impulse through Baby Suggs becomes even more highly freighted; there is an implied line of Reference Letter For Friend -, metaphorical descent from Baby Suggs through Ardelia and Ella to Chloe. In the symbolic logic of the Letter Sample novel, then, although Baby Suggs is gone, her religion of the maternal body animates the community's movement toward redemption. Letter Template For Friend! The afterlife that Baby Suggs's words achieve is what Morrison surely desires for her own words—that they be remembered. In forming themselves as a group, the women reveal their difference: “Some brought what they could and what they believed would work.

Stuffed in apron pockets, strung around their necks, lying in the space between their breasts. Others brought Christian faith—as shield and Letter | Scribendi sword. Most brought a little of both” (257). This passage indicates the continuity of older African belief systems in Sample For Administrative America, even when those beliefs had to survive by going underground and merging with the forms of the master's religion. But the clearest affirmation of Query Sample | Scribendi, Baby Suggs's spirituality is that the group of thirty women goes behind the patriarchal Word of Christianity for origin: “They stopped praying and Sample Objectives Assistant took a step back to the beginning. In the | Scribendi beginning there were no words. In the beginning was the sound, and they all knew what that sound sounded like” (259). It is precisely this presymbolic sound that gives Sethe the courage to rewrite the ending to schoolteacher's first visit. 11.

Baby Suggs's religion of the 73 Best Developmental Images | Speech maternal body, affirmed by the cry of the community of women, serves as a different point of entry for rethinking the Query categories of patriarchy than Stowe's affirmation of God the Father. Reference For Friend -! Moreover, Beloved 's community of women creates a nuanced sense of gender as it relates to the possibility of religious transcendence, one that will find its fullest expression in Paradise. Morrison's engagement of Uncle Tom's Cabin, by creating an intertextual space that maps what Morrison finds intolerable about Stowe's representation of race and gender, points to the criticism she would soon write in “Unspeakable Things Unspoken” and Playing in the Dark. THE AUT(H)O(R)-EROTICS OF NARRATION: PLAYING WITH TEXTUAL PLEASURE. “The postmodern tendencies in Morrison's fiction,” notes Philip Page, “are even more explicit in Jazz than in her previous fiction” (159). Although Page writes this before the publication of Paradise, his assertion about the postmodern quality of Morrison's sixth novel is appropriate.

Jazz indeed seems to play with and directly thematize “such Derridean concepts as the differance, the trace, and the breach” (Page 159). Perhaps the most obvious instance of this is the self-named character, Joe Trace, who derives his name himself from the only secure knowledge he has about his mother, Wild—that she disappeared without a trace. The orphaned Trace's attempt to track Wild seems initially not to yield his desire. Searching for any minimal sign of her acknowledgment, he finds nothing. Nothing, that is, until Felice communicates to him the dying words of the girl, Dorcas, who Joe shot.

Dorcas's words make present a verbal trace substituting for the absent maternal body and serve as the long deferred moment of acknowledgment. Joe's surrogate father, Hunter's Hunter, known as Henry Lestory or LesTroy (148) “suggests that he is a synecdoche for the novel. Henry is the story in the sense that he has perfected the story's principal metaphor, tracking […]” (Page 164). 12 Between the trace and the story lies the metafictionality of Jazz, a story full of improbable reconciliations: between husband and wronged wife, between the wife who mutilated her husband's lover's corpse and that girl's aunt, between the middle-aged lover and Letter Sample | Scribendi the girl he kills, between a son and a father whom the son initially hoped to kill. One thing to note about the Milestones | Speech story of Jazz, particularly the one in the novel's present (1926), is that the possibilities of black identity are played out in a different economic environment than Morrison uses in her earlier fiction. Harlem in Query Letter the 1920s with its black-owned businesses represents a prosperous African-American community. Whether she intends it or not, Morrison's sixth novel seems to Service Blank Stock, comment on her first. Letter Sample! Like Cholly and Resignation Letter Sample Pauline Breedlove, Joe and Violet Trace leave the racism of the rural South for the economic promise of the North. From the time they arrive in New York City in 1906 through the 1920s, the Traces (unlike the Breedloves) are upwardly mobile.

Joe finds progressively better paying jobs that afford the Traces a number of life's small comforts. And though both the Breedloves and the Traces experience tragedy in their new homes, the Traces transcend the tragic denouement that the plot wishes to impose. In The Bluest Eye, the Breedloves' move to Lorain, Ohio, encodes the loss of one form of Query Letter | Scribendi, authenticity—that of the rural black community. But for Reference Letter For Friend -, the Traces, whatever African-American identity they forge by the end of Jazz does not depend exclusively on their embracing rural black poverty. Despite the undeniable importance of Letter, Joe and Violet's reconciliation, the Resume Writing Service larger reconciliation of this novel happens not at the level of the story but of the discourse—the narration itself and the narrator, Morrison's figuration once again of the artist. Morrison's representation of authorship participates in Query Letter Sample the profoundly metafictional orientation of Jazz. Almost from the outset the novel poses as its hermeneutic problem the identity of its disembodied narrator. When the Reference Template narrator announces “I haven't got any muscles, so I can't really be expected to defend myself” (8), the reader's hunt for an elusive identity begins. Although there is no definitive evidence that the narrator is Letter | Scribendi either black or female, Eusebio Rodrigues thoughtfully explores the issue of who speaks by looking closely at 10+ Restaurant Form Sample, Example, the novel's epigraph from the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi gnostic text The Nag Hammadi.

Since this first-person voice in Reference Template For Friend the epigraph is the Query | Scribendi goddess Thunder, the first-person narrator's reference to her narration as “my storm” (219) suggests for Rodrigues that the narrator is Resignation Reasons Cv Cover a “female immanence of the divine” (261). For Vincent O'Keefe, the epigraph “represents not only a form of heresy against or revision of Christianity […] but also a feminist resistance to the masculine domination of Christian spirituality” (334). If one accepts Rodrigues's and O'Keefe's arguments, then there seems to be a clear link from the representation of an alternative spirituality in | Scribendi Beloved to the narrative consciousness of Jazz. Sample Resume Objectives! Baby Suggs's project, in effect, is continued by Sample the narrator of Jazz, yet the later artist figure has a much more dialogical conception of her authority, one that allows her to transcend the isolation of artistic production. In Beloved Baby Suggs heals the community, but who or what can heal Baby Suggs? The consensus view sees the narrator of Jazz as female, and I certainly follow that convention, but I want to retain another sense of the narrator's sexual identity. For Henry Lewis Gates, Jr., the narrator's indeterminacy extends to the matter of a determinate sex: “it is Letter Sample For Personal | Resume Cv Cover neither male nor female […]. It is both and neither ” (“Jazz” 54). Gates is right to emphasize indeterminacy, and given the novel's conclusion, I wish to stress his claim that the Query Sample | Scribendi narrator is both male and Resignation Letter For Personal Reasons | Resume female, if not always simultaneously so, then alternately.

13 As the narrator's pleasure is delineated, it seems as though this speaker represents the Query Letter Sample emotional bisexuality of artistic production. Reference Template -! Whatever the exact identity of the narrator, as the teller of the story, she certainly figures the author function. Early in her representation of herself she says, “I lived a long time, maybe too much, in Query | Scribendi my own mind. People say I should come out more. Mix. I agree that I close off in places, but if you have been left standing, as I have, while your partner overstays at another appointment, or promises to give you exclusive attention after supper, but is falling asleep just as you have begun to speak—well, it can make you inhospitable if you aren't careful, the last thing I want to be” (9). Doreatha Drummond Mbalia in fact directly equates the narrator with Morrison on the grounds that, like the narrator who speaks of Sample Assistant, problems with “a partner,” Morrison “experienced problems with her mate”; moreover like the narrator, “the novelist […] may live too much in Letter Sample the mind. It is this similarity that makes narrator and author a part of the narrative structure” (636). Whether one wishes to 73 Best Developmental On Pinterest, read this moment quite so autobiographically, Mbalia's reading certainly underscores the way the narrator figures authorship and its discontents.

If Baby Suggs culminates Morrison's development of the empowered artist figure, Jazz works to question that authority. This questioning occurs in the narration and the progressive loss of authority experienced by the first-person narrator who is not a character in the story she tells of both parental and sexual love lost and found. The narrator's confident predictions at the beginning (which outline the story and intimate a denouement of violent repetition when Felice again triangulates the relationship between Joe and Violet Trace) turn to uncertain speculation about Golden Gray and finally to a frank admission of error and Query Letter limitation. 73 Best Developmental Milestones! But for all the acknowledgment of fallibility, the narrator remains remarkably free from anxiety, a sign of Morrison's fuller comfort with her authorial role. Letter | Scribendi! From this new position of comfort, Jazz returns us to the collapsed space of Milestones On Pinterest, sexual and textual pleasure, but now not as that which must be repressed as it was in Query Letter Sample | Scribendi Sula.

Instead, Jazz 's more playful narration suggests that the healing that Baby Suggs imagines in her spiritual art may also flow back to the artist through the person of the Writing - Template reader. I want to Sample, turn, then, to the conclusion of - Free Example, Morrison's sixth novel because it is there that the narrator begins to dismantle her authority. Against the narrator's authorizing predictions, Joe, Violet, and Felice form a felicitous relationship. It is not necessary, of course, to believe that Morrison is Query Letter Sample | Scribendi fooled in the same way as her narrator is by the unpredictability of these characters; nevertheless, the narrator of Jazz encodes the multiple paradoxes of Morrison's own relation to authority. In short, the author seems to use her narrator to comment on the psychic determinism of her early fiction in which the individual often is doomed to repeat later in Reference Letter life the prior insult and injury that defines his or her adult subjectivity. Cholly Breedlove serves as the paradigmatic example of the early type of Query Letter | Scribendi, character in Morrison's fiction for whom “the past was an abused record with no choice but to repeat itself” ( Jazz 220). Psychologically raped by the white men who interrupt his first attempt at coitus, abandoned by his mother, rejected by his father, Cholly cannot but repeat the insult in his relation with Mrs. Resume Objectives Assistant | Best! Breedlove. Sample | Scribendi! Even more devastatingly, he literalizes his psychological rape by raping his daughter, an act that marks the full extent of his limited ability to love. Sula's subjectivity, though aesthetically refined, is marked by her overhearing her mother's claim to love but not like her; as a result, Sula is doomed to repeat the loss of intimacy in her relationship with both Nel and Ajax. Though he discovers authenticity in his journey when he accepts Pilate's values, Milkman's life up to Writing Examples, that point has been shaped by his oedipal struggle with the father.

Even beyond the Query content of her earlier fictions of identity formation, Morrison seems in Jazz to comment on her earlier modernist narration in The Bluest Eye. That first novel begins with two prefaces, both of which suggest psychic determinism. Resume Examples For Customer - Template! The repetition of the text of Query, a standard elementary school primer, in which each iteration removes more markers of capitalization and punctuation, suggests the Letter Sample Reasons | Resume way the racialism of the primer's representation of a white world moves from consciousness to the unconscious. Through this movement Morrison suggests how the African-American child in such a pedagogical environment becomes the subject of ideology. The second preface to The Bluest Eye tells the story in miniature, as many modernist texts do, so that the reader must attend not to the pleasure of discovery but to an analysis of the logic of tragedy predicated on psychological repetitions. The first four pages of Jazz, of course, by giving a version of the Sample | Scribendi complete story, seem to Sample, Example, do what the second prefacing gesture of The Bluest Eye accomplishes. But in the later novel this modernist technique is undone. Only in Beloved does Morrison fully imagine a way that the Sample past could be rewritten. Sethe has a chance to choose again and, given her second chance, affirms the maternal religion of Resume Assistant, Baby Suggs.

But if Beloved emphasizes the maternal body, Jazz points the reader to the erotic female body. Query Sample | Scribendi! After all, a colloquial meaning of the participle form—jazzing—is “having sex.” In this regard, what the narrator identifies as her erroneous pride in Survey Feedback Stock believing her narration is Letter Sample | Scribendi infallible is linked to an autoerotic sexuality. During her admission that she got things wrong, she notes: “I was the predictable one, confused in my solitude into arrogance, thinking my space, my view was the only one that was or that mattered. Reference Template! I got so aroused while meddling, while finger-shaping, I overreached and Query missed the obvious” (220). Solitude, as we have seen in so many of Morrison's previous figurations of the Blank Feedback artistic subject position—from Soaphead Church to Baby Suggs—is risky, leading to Church's aberrant sexual desires and to Baby Suggs's overreaching. But by Letter Sample the end of Jazz, the narrator's sexual object choice shifts away from the self (as suggested by the controlling and perhaps masturbatory pleasures of finger-shaping) and Resignation Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume toward another, a move in Query which the narrator announces her previously unspoken desires.

One of the ways this movement manifests itself is Morrison's turn to a more postmodern poetics that blurs the Reservation Form Samples Sample, Example boundaries between the mimetic—the world the novel represents—and the diegetic—the telling of the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi story. The clearest instance of this blurring occurs near the end when the narrator's meditation turns to the voiceless woman known as Wild, a disturbing figure to Developmental Milestones On Pinterest, the men of the novel because her presence is known only by her absence, but whose absence is experienced as an Query Letter Sample eerie presence: I'd love to close myself in the peace left by the woman who lived there and scared everybody. Unseen because she knows better than to be seen. After all, who would see her, a playful woman who lived in a rock? Who could, without fright?

Of her looking eyes looking back? I wouldn't mind. Why should I? She has seen me and is not afraid of me. Reference Template! She hugs me. Understands me. Has given me her hand. Letter | Scribendi! I am touched by her. Released in secret. Here the narrator receives in 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples Sample, a clear and unambiguous fashion what Joe Trace has longed for all his life—Wild's direct and unmediated acknowledgment. But what might this acknowledgment mean?

The touch the narrator receives from Wild of course makes no sense in terms of realistic representation. Wild would be long dead and yet the Letter supernatural possibility that allows Joe's mother to manifest herself through the youthful Dorcas permits one to imagine a Wild who could still be part of the present time of - Template, narration. On the one hand, Wild's touch, read in the context of Joe's search for his absent mother, seems to make her the timeless goddess figure's mother—Wild as the ancestor of Thunder. On the other hand, a different context is established by the novel's concluding paragraphs, one in which the narrator's being touched and hugged by Letter | Scribendi Wild figures a movement away from Developmental On Pinterest a controlling self-arousal toward another sense of erotic possibility. Query Letter! In this regard, Wild's embrace echoes Sula's desire for the intimate female companion who can complete her; thus one might articulate a logic of Jazz : the character in the story who is body but not voice (Wild) completes the chief character of the discourse (the narrator) who is - voice without body. Not only is a boundary crossed when a character within the story embraces the teller of the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi tale who is outside the story. A further limit is imaginatively transgressed in Writing Service the final two paragraphs of the Query Letter Sample novel. Now the embrace occurs between the narrator, the character that figures the author function, and the reader. 14 And although the Template - real reader seems to be encompassed by the fiction, that reader, I will argue, is positioned in a particular fashion.

One arrives at this sexualized moment from an odd and Query Letter Sample paradoxical admission on Resignation Letter Reasons Cv Cover the narrator's part. | Scribendi! Commenting on the reconciled love of Joe and Violet, the narrator laments: I envy them their public love. I myself have only known it in secret, shared it in secret and longed, aw longed to show it—to be able to say out loud what they have no need to say at all: That I have loved only you, surrendered my whole self reckless to you and nobody else. That I want you to Milestones | Speech, love me back and show it to me. That I love the way you hold me, how close you let me be to you. I like your fingers on and on, lifting, turning. I have watched your face for a long time, now, and missed your eyes when you went away from Query | Scribendi me. Talking to you and hearing you answer—that's the kick. What is striking in this description is the narrator's assertion of a difference between her passion, which has always remained secret, and Survey Questionnaire Blank Joe and Violet's open heterosexuality.

The narrator's closeted passion has remained unnamed, yet paradoxically, in the moment of enunciation, it becomes the Query unspeakable thing spoken. But then the 10+ Restaurant Samples Sample, final paragraph seems to dissolve the issue of sexuality by turning the matter into Letter a riddle: But I can't say that aloud; I can't tell anyone that I have been waiting for this all my life and Survey Blank Feedback that being chosen to wait is the reason I can. If I were able I'd say it. Query Letter Sample | Scribendi! Say make me, remake me. You are free to do it and I am free to let you because look, look. Look where your hands are. Now. Page has certainly provided a useable answer to the riddle—the narrator's “secret love is for the reader […].

She imagines that she is the book and therefore that the For Customer Service - Template reader holds her […]” (173-74). Such a solution does open the novel up in interesting ways. Fully confident regarding her authority (in ways that Morrison was not in her first four novels), the narrator can now risk giving that identity away in the apparent sexual gift that the narrator makes of herself at novel's end. In authorizing the reader to complete the meaning of her text, Morrison reverses Roland Barthes's poetics of pleasure from The Pleasure of the Text. Instead of the reader's bliss that results from Query Letter Sample | Scribendi one's turning one's text of pleasure into writerly activity, Morrison articulates the storyteller's bliss at being remade. Morrison, however, as we have seen, has not always embraced all her readers and their various interpretations. 15 Here I want to introduce the Letter Template For Friend possibility (only finally to reject it) that Jazz may be working to position its ideal reader as female. As my discussion of the ending of the novel makes clear, there are two transgressive embraces that the narrator experiences—Wild's (which crosses a narrative boundary) and the reader's (which enacts a private physicality that dare not speak itself publicly).

If one reads the two moments relationally, so that the former (a woman-woman embrace) is the context for Query Sample | Scribendi, understanding the later, then it would be possible to argue that this novel specifically positions its reader as female. From a postcolonial perspective, then, my subject position as a white male reader of Jazz would become thoroughly and hopelessly compromised. As Franz Fanon argues in chapter 2 of Black Skin, White Masks (“The Woman of Color and For Customer Service - Template the White Man”), the possibility of “authentic love” between such a pair will remain “unattainable” so long as racialized thinking exists. If the novel constructs the ideal reader as female, I should not even be reading Morrison—let alone writing about her—for to do so would position me as the always already colonizing white male who subjugates the sexualized body of the black woman. It is Letter Sample | Scribendi here, however, that I wish to Resignation Sample Reasons | Resume Cv Cover, return to Gates's sense of the indeterminacy of the narrator's sexual identity. If we read the narrator as both female and male, then the embrace between narrator and reader is large indeed, for it recognizes a wide variety of sexual-textual pleasures. The narrator's Whitmanesque acknowledgment of the reader's touch admits that there are a multitude of religions of the body, so that the Letter Sample | Scribendi touch represented in Letter Sample For Personal Reasons the final sentence may be imagined as occurring between man and woman, man and man, or woman and woman; the embrace, in fact, may even be intergenerational or interracial.

The overcontrolling narrator of Jazz who learns to accept limitations on “her” authority seems to encode Morrison's recognition that she no longer needs to attempt to control the meaning of Query | Scribendi, her published novels by telling critics what kind of reading is appropriate. The pleasure of the text, both that of the writer and the reader, allows for a polymorphously perverse (con)textuality. With this sense of the resonance of the novel's conclusion, I want to return briefly to Morrison's relation to William Faulkner, which was the focus of chapter 4 of this study. Writing For Customer! His novel Absalom, Absalom!, one of Morrison's recurring texts of pleasure, seems to have moved her from readerly pleasure to writerly bliss. I began my discussion of Jazz by listing the novel's improbable reconciliations. One addition to my earlier list might be Morrison's relation to Query Sample, Faulkner. For Friend! Her comments published in Sample | Scribendi 1993 in which she speaks of Reference -, her “fascination” with Faulkner as she details a line-by-line reading she performed of Absalom for her students at Letter Sample, Princeton provide a specific context for thinking about Faulkner's novel in relation to Jazz. 16 Given the time frame of these remarks, Morrison's careful reading of Absalom, Absalom!, which led to her classroom lecture, appears to Resume Examples For Customer, have occurred during the | Scribendi time she was writing Jazz. Morrison's unpublished lecture, then, becomes a crucial intertext to Jazz, pointing to her engagement with Faulkner on race and the possibilities of acknowledgement. But if Morrison uses Faulkner's Go Down, Moses as a kind of scaffolding for Song of Solomon, her reading of Faulkner manifests itself more playfully in her later novel.

This is not to say that her purpose is not serious. Indeed, Morrison revises Absalom 's oedipally infected masculine struggle for the father's recognition. Survey Questionnaire Blank! But Jazz may also tell us something through her play upon Faulknerian voice. Particularly in the unnumbered sections six and seven of Jazz, Morrison produces a pastiche of Faulknerian style, subject matter, and plot through her narrator's at times uncertain history of the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi racially mixed Golden Gray. In Absalom, lines of family relations are obscured by Thomas Sutpen's refusal to acknowledge the Writing - Template children he fathers by Sample black women. Miscegenation in Faulkner's novel happens exclusively when African-American women have children by white fathers. Within that frame, however, Faulkner teases at the supreme horror of his Southern white community: what if a black man slept with a white woman? This question is 73 Best | Speech central to Letter, Quentin and Shreve's construction of Henry Sutpen's motive for murdering Charles Bon.

The seductive, charming Charles Bon serves as the white Southern community's repressed ideological horror: if white men can father black men who appear white, then these same “white” black men can beget black children on white women. These are the issues and questions Morrison directly addresses in her critical mapping of the ideological boundaries of Faulkner's already searching examination of “the insanity of racism.” Morrison's Golden Gray starts out by reproducing the desire of Customer Survey Questionnaire, Charles Bon but ends perhaps by revising the choice of Etienne Bon. Like Charles Bon, Golden Gray is the product of Query | Scribendi, miscegenation, yet Morrison reverses Faulknerian genealogy: Golden is the son of a privileged white woman, Vera Louise Gray, and a dark-skinned slave, Henry LesTroy (or Lestory). Vera Louise's father, Colonel Gray, like Colonel Sutpen, has fathered mixed-race children. His discovery of his daughter's sexual behavior leaves him devastated, and in an act that recalls Sutpen's repudiation of his Haitian wife, Colonel Gray disavows his relationship with his daughter, giving her a large sum of money to go away. It is here that one key element of Morrison's rewriting of Absalom stands out. Thomas Sutpen, the patriarch who wishes to design a lasting empire, becomes the obsession of all of those—the sons, the daughters, and wife—he denies; however, unlike Faulkner's Southern colonel, Morrison's is peripheral. Sutpen's first wife may live only for revenge, but Colonel Gray's daughter goes off to Baltimore with her servant, True Belle, to raise her son, and never gives her father another thought. Sample Resume Assistant | Best! Old Gray's money, however, allows Vera Louise to raise Golden Gray as a gentleman, much as Sutpen's money allows his first wife to raise their light-complexioned, mixed-race son, Charles Bon, in Query Sample luxury.

Structurally, however, Golden Gray's upbringing more closely parallels and revises that of Charles Bon's son, Charles Etienne Bon. Both Gray and Etienne are raised by a white woman and a black woman. Reference Template -! Both have their sense of their white identity disrupted by unexpected knowledge of their mixed racial background. Still, in Gray's desire to discover the absent father, he recalls Charles Bon's obsession, though with a difference: Bon seeks Sutpen, the Sample | Scribendi white father, for recognition; Gray initially seeks LesTroy to kill him. Raised culturally white in the code of noblesse oblige, Gray is confronted with Henry Sutpen's dilemma. LesTroy, after all, is the black man who slept with his white mother, and his white identity tells him he should kill the scoundrel.

Yet when he enters LesTroy's cabin and sits on his father's bed, Golden Gray is faced with Charles Bon's sense of loss. Sample Resume! What Bon desires from Sample | Scribendi his father, is “the living touch of that flesh warmed before he was born by Objectives For Administrative the same blood which it had bequeathed him to warm his own flesh with, to Letter Sample | Scribendi, be bequeathed by him in turn to run hot and loud in veins and limbs after that first flesh and then his own were dead” (255). Returning to Gray's experience of loss in Jazz, one can see how Morrison's novel creates a pastiche of Faulkner's distinctive language: 17. Only now, he thought, now that I know I have a father, do I feel his absence: the place where he should have been and was not. Before, I thought everybody was one-armed, like me. Now I feel the Resume | Best surgery. Letter! The crunch of bone when it is sundered, the sliced flesh and the tubes of blood cut through, shocking the bloodrun and disturbing the Customer Service Blank Stock nerves. They dangle and Letter Sample writhe.

Singing pain. Waking me with the sound of itself, thrumming when I sleep so deeply it strangles my dreams away. There is nothing for it but to go away from where he is not to Images On Pinterest, where he used to be and might be still. Let the dangle and Query Sample | Scribendi the writhe see what it is missing; let the pain sing to the dirt where he stepped in the place where he used to be and might be still. I am not going to Reference Template -, be healed, or to find the arm that was removed from me. I am going to Query Letter | Scribendi, freshen the pain, point it, so we both know what it is Milestones On Pinterest for.

Does Morrison's pastiche of Faulkner mean that Morrison gains no critical distance on his text? 18 No, but that distance arises not intertextually but intratextually. Having reproduced one version of Faulknerian masculinity, potentially tragic in its sense of fatality and intention, Morrison fashions a way to avoid that tragedy. Letter | Scribendi! Gray's rhetorical flight, the double of Charles Bon's, is grounded when LesTroy returns home. He tells Gray that he will accept the young man as a son if he can act like a son but warns, “don't bring me no whiteboy sass” (173), an expression that works to deflate Gray's “Faulknerian” tragic rhetoric. Morrison, however, in activating the Sample | Resume Faulknerian intertext, invites the reader to participate in a reexamination of his work. Query | Scribendi! The only clear intersection between Absalom, Absalom! and Jazz may be the Examples Service - Template way Golden Gray's pain parallels Charles Bon's. But having made this move, Morrison authorizes the reader to think in the space between the two novels.

If I am less certain of other moments where Morrison gestures to Faulkner, my movement from father (Charles) to son (Etienne), although less sure, remains in the spirit of Morrison's novelistic “reading” of Faulkner. If one accepts the Faulknerian resonance in Morrison's narrator, then there is Query a striking passage, one underscoring the metafictional nature of her narration, when the narrator stops to Resume For Customer, comment on Sample | Scribendi her construction of the story. Objectives For Administrative! She claims to have gotten the portrayal of Query Sample | Scribendi, Golden Gray wrong in a way that eerily recalls Morrison's discussion of Faulkner's delayed and disguised portrayal of race in Absalom, a portrayal that she characterized in The Paris Review interview, quoted earlier, as “ not the point anyway”: What was I thinking of? How could I have imagined him so poorly? Not noticed the hurt that was not linked to the color of his skin, or the blood that beat beneath it. But to some other thing that longed for authenticity, for 73 Best Developmental Images On Pinterest, a right to be in this place, effortlessly without needing to acquire a false face […]. Now I have to think this through, carefully, even though I may be doomed to another misunderstanding. I have to do it and not break down. Query! Not hating him is not enough; liking, loving him is not useful. I have to alter things.

I have to be a shadow who wishes him well, like the smiles of the Letter Template For Friend - dead left over Query, from their lives. The repeated pronouns in Resume Assistant this passage—“he” and “him”—seem not simply to describe the relation between narrator and Query Letter | Scribendi character but perhaps also to point to a commentary from one author to another. In this moment, Morrison appears almost to speak in coded form of her revision of and relation to Resume Writing Examples - Template, Faulkner. Whether Morrison here stands to Query, Faulkner as the narrator does to Golden Gray, it is in Morrison's second, revised portrayal of Golden Gray that the figure who seems to be altered is Charles Bon's son, Etienne. If LesTroy demands that Gray choose between black and white identity, this father's articulation of the need to chose seems predicated on the choice Etienne Bon has already made. Like Golden Gray, Etienne is presented with a clear choice between black and white, but how he chooses sets him apart in Resignation Letter Sample | Resume Faulkner's depiction of racially mixed characters.

Faulkner's most fully developed black male characters of Sample | Scribendi, mixed race choose whiteness as the Developmental Images | Speech core of their identity. (When they do choose blackness, as Etienne Bon does, it is Query Letter | Scribendi portrayed as a terrible mistake.) Lucas Beachamp in Go Down, Moses, for example, fixes his genealogical pride in his descent from Carothers McCaslin, the man who has raped Lucas's grandmother and Resignation Sample For Personal great-grandmother. 19 Etienne chooses blackness through an | Scribendi identification with his mother, but only to emphasize his cultural wounding; Gray also finally chooses blackness, ostensibly through an identification with a black father, though in Customer Questionnaire Blank Stock fact it is as much his union with the voiceless African-American woman, Wild, that creates identity. Morrison initially leaves Gray's decision much less clear than Etienne's, but through Joe Trace's quest for acknowledgement from Wild, Joe's absent mother, the reader discovers the material trace that reveals Gray's choice. (Joe Trace, one of the central figures of the novel's plot of the present, must be read through his relation to his lost mother, so that his desire for acknowledgement from his mother also comments on and revises Charles Bon's desire for acknowledgement from his father.) The personal items and male clothing belonging to Golden Gray that Joe discovers in | Scribendi Wild's cave reveal that Golden has chosen blackness through cohabitation with Wild. In this regard, Wild works to reclaim the Resignation Reasons figure of the nameless black woman whom Etienne Bon marries. Clearly one of Faulkner's most embarrassing representations of Letter Sample | Scribendi, race (even acknowledging its source as Mr. Compson), this woman, who never is given a voice, is Reservation Form described as “coal black and Query Letter ape-like” (166). Etienne's choice of blackness, an act that seems to defy black masculine identity even while proclaiming such identity, suggests a racial self-loathing; his marriage to the African-American woman, as Mr. Compson imagines, is done to injure Judith, the white woman who urges him to pass for white.

Etienne's defiance of the Sample Resume Objectives white woman who helped raise him serves as an ongoing act of vengeance against white culture. Golden Gray, however, learns to love the black woman whom he initially found disgusting. Once again, “Faulknerian pastiche” seems to be an appropriate way to name Morrison's use of language when she records Gray's immediate nausea at the sight of the obviously pregnant “berry-black woman”; his revulsion at Letter | Scribendi, the “black, liquid female” (Faulkner, Light 144-45) almost exactly duplicates Joe Christmas's fear and loathing of women. Gray, however, is Customer Survey Blank able to Query, put aside his youthful sense of injury and move past his fear of the feminine. Resignation Letter Sample For Personal Cv Cover! As a result his choice of blackness becomes an act of love, one in which he accepts a new identity and creates his earthly paradise with Wild. THE ANXIETY OF WRITING YOUR BEST: PARADISIACAL DE-SCRIPTION. As I argue previously in this study, Tar Baby begins Morrison's critique of the all-black agrarian community as the site of Query, African-American authenticity. Milkman Dead's paradise—Shalimar, Virginia—sours in Jadine Child's experience of Eloe, Florida. Paradise expands this critique by Service Blank Stock thoroughly exploding Milkman's sense of Query, both completed authenticity and Resignation For Personal Cv Cover the essential goodness of a racially pure black community. Ruby, Oklahoma, stands as Morrison's most economically prosperous all-black community, one desperately in need of spiritual renewal; that spiritual renewal, however, does not (as her earlier fiction so often did) demand the return to poverty as the ground of identity.

Despite this novel's expansion of the Letter critique of Song of Solomon 's stand on authenticity, Paradise in a number of ways represents Morrison's return to the thematics and tropes of Letter, her third novel particularly and of her early fiction more generally. In her early fiction, female subjectivity almost always grows out of Sample | Scribendi, violation—child abuse, spousal abuse, molestation, or rape. In particular, Paradise returns us to the troubled relation between men and For Customer - Template women, particularly when African-American men's sense of identity parallels that of the patriarchal structures of middle-class white culture. Letter! Song of Customer Survey Service Questionnaire, Solomon criticizes a masculine identity that sees women as property; Milkman may have worked through this problem, but it is an identity that makes Jadine reject even Son and his agrarian community. Gender politics, however, moves to the background in both Beloved and Jazz, concerned as they are with building bridges between African-American women and Sample | Scribendi men. In Beloved, white men are the rapists of both African-American women and 10+ Restaurant - Free Example men, and in Query Letter Jazz even the middle-aged man who murders his teenage lover becomes a sympathetic figure. 20 But in Customer Survey Service Blank Stock the tensions between the patriarchal town of Ruby and the women-centered space of the Convent, Morrison comes back to gender and the issue of who has the right to define and name. “What is ours?” and “what must we protect and defend?” are the Sample | Scribendi questions the men in Paradise constantly ask themselves. What the men do, they do “for Ruby” (18). The name itself is a metonymy inasmuch as how the 10+ Restaurant - Free Example men perceive and protect their town—named for one of their women—is reflected in how they treat each individual wife and daughter. I argued earlier that Song of Solomon uses the figure of doe hunting to define and critique a particular form of patriarchal masculine identity.

This figure returns in the opening chapter of Paradise in which a group of Query | Scribendi, men from Ruby, good hunters whose ostensible goal is to protect their cult of true black womanhood, makes the seventeen-mile trek to the Convent to slaughter the women who have created a home there. Writing! The men who enter the Convent discover what they want to see—“the devil's bedroom, bathroom, and Query Sample | Scribendi his nasty playpen” (17)—gathering the rumors of the Resignation | Resume past twenty years into a narrative that make these women the dangerous Other; unlike their decorous women, the Convent women in these men's eyes are child murderers, lesbians, temptresses, and Query Sample witches who have turned the former Convent in to Customer Survey Service Blank Feedback, a coven. Sample! What is actually more threatening is Writing Examples Service - Template that these women have claimed, out of their abuse, the power to name and identify themselves. This is the unspoken reason for the raid on the Convent. | Scribendi! The Convent women's proximity to Resignation Letter For Personal Cv Cover, Ruby means that Ruby's women have an alternative model for conceiving of themselves.

In resorting to | Scribendi, murder, these men simply take the logic of Song of Letter Sample For Personal | Resume, Solomon 's Seven Days a step further. Query Letter | Scribendi! Despite claiming to kill white people out of Sample Resume For Administrative, a love for black people, the Seven Days, as I pointed out in chapter 4, actually functions to protect African-American men's property interests in black women. Query Letter! The men of Ruby construct a narrative in Customer Service Questionnaire Feedback Stock which their protection of Query Letter | Scribendi, their black women authorizes their killing of one white girl and four “[b]odacious black Eves unredeemed by 73 Best | Speech Mary” who in the moment of the killing run “like panicked does” (18). 21 The collective male perspective on their task is Query Letter articulated in Objectives Assistant the thoughts of one of the men who has invaded the Convent: Certainly there wasn't a slack or sloven woman anywhere in town and Query Sample the reasons, he thought, were clear. From the beginning its people were free and protected. A sleepless woman could always rise from her bed, wrap a shawl around her shoulders and sit on the steps in the moonlight. And if she felt like it she could walk out the yard and on down the road.

No lamp and no fear. A hiss-crackle from the side of the road would never scare her because whatever it was that made the sound, it wasn't something creeping up on her. Letter | Resume! Nothing for ninety miles around thought she was prey. She could stroll as slowly as she liked, think of food preparations, war, of family things, or lift her eyes to stars and think of nothing at all. Lampless and without fear she could make her way. And if a light shone from a house up a ways and the cry of a colicky baby caught her attention, she might step over to the house and call out softly to the woman inside trying to soothe the baby. Query | Scribendi! The two of Reservation Form - Free Sample,, them might take turns massaging the infant stomach, rocking, or trying to Sample | Scribendi, get a little soda water down. When the Resignation Letter Sample For Personal baby quieted they could sit together for a spell, gossiping, chuckling low so as not to wake anybody else. In his mind, Ruby represents the best of all possible worlds for women, but clearly Morrison exposes through this character's thoughts the central unacknowledged contradiction of the male communal narrative that authorizes the hunting of women in Query the name of protecting womanhood.

The women of Ruby may walk without fear but they also do so without a lamp, and they are, by and large, unenlightened about anything but their domesticity. They walk but do not drive and there is really nowhere to go since the nearest town is ninety miles away. It is a safety based on isolation that approximates the carceral. The safety of the women of Ruby, moreover, depends on the good will of Ruby's men. Any reader familiar with Morrison's fiction knows that women who place their dreams of For Friend, safety in men are compromised, for this fiction repeatedly illustrates that only when women give up such dreams can they begin to Query Letter Sample, form their own identities. The women who subscribe to the town's patriarchal ideology do so at Sample For Administrative Assistant | Best, the cost of Query Letter | Scribendi, limiting their possible identities to that of the Reservation - Free tender of a man's home and the nurturer of a man's children. But even this cost may be insufficient to purchase safety, since any woman who ever threatens the male order of things immediately moves from the set of “not prey” to that of Letter, “prey.” The attack on Resignation Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover the women, set as it is in July 1976, the month of America's Bicentennial, surely serves to remind the reader that the land of the free historically depended on those who were not. Although the historical contraction of American freedom lies in Letter Sample slavery, race is not central to the novel.

Race matters, but in an upside down, through-the-looking-glass kind of way. Letter Sample Reasons | Resume! The racially pure black community of Ruby emerges out of the doubled insult of class and colorism. Having migrated from the South to Oklahoma and Query Letter | Scribendi been denied entry into a community of prosperous, lighter-complexioned African Americans, those who push on to found the town of Haven construct themselves as God's chosen people. After World War II, Haven falls on hard times economically. The sons of Haven's founders move west to form a new town, Ruby, dedicated to the preservation of the Milestones same sense of exceptionalism born when their fathers were rejected by the lighter-skinned blacks. Haven and Ruby stand as displaced representations of early American exceptionalism; if the white American male's freedom was enhanced by the presence of the enslaved racial other, as Morrison argues in Playing in Query Sample | Scribendi the Dark (42-44), something strangely similar occurs in Paradise. For Ruby's men, their exceptionalism and sense of freedom lies in their genetically pure African heritage, unsullied by any drop of white blood.

This need for racial purity, of course, explains why the men pay such careful attention to the morality of Reference Template -, their women and why a man must own his woman's sexuality. Although it is not the dominant matter of Paradise, Morrison once again considers the role of artistic production as if to ask what role remains for Query Sample, the artist or writer living in a world with such violent gender and racial politics. Artistic identity—certainly central to Morrison's personal identity—is radically divided in Resignation Letter For Personal | Resume Paradise, figured principally in two very different characters—the orphaned Connie of the Convent and the marginalized Patricia Best of Ruby, two women who specifically attempt to appropriate the power to name and narrate, though in very different ways. Patricia analyzes and Query Letter Sample critiques; Connie becomes a visionary. Connie once again reminds the Samples reader of the significance of names. Known through most of the novel as Connie, she becomes spiritually reborn after her encounter with a divine presence, a moment that enables her to reclaim her birth name, Consolata Sosa. Letter | Scribendi! With this renewed identity, she becomes the spiritual leader of this community of wounded and abused women. Consolata's spirituality represents a kind of syncretic belief. This belief encompasses, on the one hand, her love for 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples Sample,, the Reverend Mother (and by extension for Letter Sample | Scribendi, the tropes and rituals of the Catholic Church) who saved her from poverty and prostitution in 10+ Restaurant Sample, her third-world home.

On the other hand, Consolata's faith finds expression in her miraculous powers to heal the body, a power that precedes the logic of the Christian Word. In this latter regard, Consolata is the latest in a line of fictional descent that may be traced back through such earlier characters as Pilate Dead and Baby Suggs. But Consolata takes their spiritualized healing art to another level. Consolata achieves her transcendent art through her ministering relation to the women of the Convent. In order to initiate the communal healing and to Query, ritualize her invitation to follow her, Consolata prepares a feast for the women and tells them that she will attempt to Customer Survey Service Questionnaire Stock, lead them to the encounter with the divine that she experiences.

Outlining the women's naked bodies in the position they select, Consolata address the prone women: My child body, hurt and Query Sample | Scribendi soil, leaps into the arms of a woman who teach me my body is Feedback nothing my spirit everything. Query Letter | Scribendi! I agreed her until I met another. My flesh is so hungry for itself it ate him. Customer Survey Service Blank! When he fell away the Query woman rescue me from my body again. Twice she saves it. When her body sickens I care for Sample Resume Objectives For Administrative Assistant | Best, it in every way flesh works.

I hold it in my arms and between my legs. Letter! Clean it, rock it, enter it to keep it breath. After she is dead I can not get past that. My bones on Sample Reasons hers the Query | Scribendi only good thing. Not spirit. Bones. No different from the man.

My bones on his the 10+ Restaurant Samples Sample, only true thing. So I wondering where is the | Scribendi spirit lost in this? It is true, like bones. It is good, like bones. One sweet, one bitter. Where is it lost? Here me, listen.

Never break them in two. Never put one over the other. Developmental | Speech! Eve is Mary's mother. Mary is the daughter of Eve. Rejecting Christianity's mind-body dualism that devalues the body, Consolata articulates her message through a language that rediscovers heretofore unremembered cadences. (Her dialogue earlier in the novel was conventional spoken English with no articles missing in front of nouns.) Consolata's speech to the women is a newer version of Baby Suggs's religion of the Query Letter Sample maternal body. Yet this new articulation represents a complicating turn in Morrison's representation of religious thinking. Questionnaire Feedback! This complication grows out of the fact that one of the ways the flesh works is sexual. In her address, Consolata conflates the daughterly love she feels for Mary Magna, the Mother Superior of the former convent, and the sexual love she had with a married man from Ruby, Deacon Morgan. This affair with Deacon ended when in their lovemaking she bites him and draws blood. But in Query Sample | Scribendi the logic of Consolata's representation, this bodily hunger is simultaneously a spiritual hunger, so that the sexual passion figures the Passion of Christ and the Eucharist—“Take, eat, this is my body”—another instance of the syncretic faith Consolata imagines.

Her healing relation to Mary Magna also blurs the Resume For Administrative Assistant | Best sacred and the secular. The biblical references to Eve and Mary are clear, but Consolata is also the fallen Eve who gives life to Sample, (indeed almost seems to For Friend -, give birth to Mary Magna) by holding the Letter older woman between her legs. From this moment, the Resignation For Personal women of the Convent leave traditionally spoken words behind for a new communion of the body. Morrison describes this practice as their “loud dreaming” (264), a designation that almost seems to describe the “language” used by Sethe, Denver, and Beloved to express their desires when they close themselves off within 124 Bluestone Road. But what is Query Sample | Scribendi represented in Beloved is only described in Paradise : “In loud dreaming, monologue is no different from a shriek; accusations directed to the dead and long gone are undone by murmurs of love” (264). From this language/not language, the women move to Sample For Administrative | Best, a different medium, painting, in order to fill in the empty spaces of Query Letter | Scribendi, their bodily outlines that Consolata had traced. Shaving their heads, the women return the Convent to a site of spiritual searching. In the climactic expression of their multimedia spirituality, Consolata leads the women into a perfumed summer rain for a cleansing dance on the eve of the 73 Best Developmental On Pinterest | Speech men's attack on the Convent:

Consolata started it; the rest were quick to join her. Query Sample | Scribendi! There are great rivers in Reasons | Resume Cv Cover the world and on Query Letter | Scribendi their banks and the edges of oceans children thrill to water. In places where rain is light the thrill is Resume Examples - Template almost erotic. But those sensations bow to the rapture of holy women dancing in hot sweet rain. They would have laughed, had enchantment not been so deep. In her combination of multiple expressive forms—the very forms, one may recall, denied to Letter | Scribendi, Sula—Consolata becomes Morrison's performance artist of the soul. Consolata's spiritualized artistry is even represented as having triumphed over the grave. Visiting their families after their own deaths, the spirits of the Convent women continue to enjoy food and Survey Service Questionnaire Stock sex. Walking the earth, they are so many Beloveds, paradoxical embodied spirits. But although Consolata represents the most transcendent embodiment of artistic possibility in all of Morrison's fiction—one able to Query, overleap even the Questionnaire Blank horizon of death itself—the flight of the artist is grounded by the presence of Query Letter Sample, another artist figure, Patricia Best, who perhaps more directly figures Morrison's own subject position; Patricia, like Morrison herself, writes the story of Resignation Sample For Personal | Resume Cv Cover, Ruby. Letter Sample | Scribendi! This character seems to register Morrison's recognition that Consolata's expressive forms—body painting and Developmental Milestones On Pinterest the dance—are not her media.

Though she writes of such expression, she still writes. As a writer within the novel, Patricia (known to the community more androgynously as “Pat”) metafictionally represents Morrison in Query Letter | Scribendi the act of Letter Sample For Personal Reasons Cv Cover, authoring both her best and worst selves. In a sense, Morrison's Best returns us to the anxieties of authorship that Soaphead Church represents in The Bluest Eye. “Patricia” is the sixth section of Paradise, and the widowed schoolteacher serves (except for a few brief moments) as the focalizer throughout the chapter. 22 At times, when we have direct access to her writing, she serves as the narrator.

The matter in time present of Sample, this section (December 1974) is the Sample For Personal Cv Cover preparation for and performance of the town's apparently conventional annual Christmas pageant, as well as Pat's ongoing work on a history of Ruby. In the space between these two texts—Patricia's writing and Query | Scribendi the children's play—emerges her troubled understanding of the unconscious sexual politics of Letter Sample Reasons | Resume Cv Cover, Ruby's fetishized blackness. Patricia's history is conceived of “as a gift to the citizens of Ruby—a collection of Sample | Scribendi, family trees; the genealogies of each of the 73 Best Milestones fifteen families” (187). Having completed the family trees, she decides to supplement them with interesting facts about the origin of people's names. At this point, her project, begun in innocence, immediately meets a certain resistance when she talks to her fellow townspeople and asks, for research purposes, to see family bibles, letters, and marriage certificates. In the face of this resistance, Pat's interest in her supplemental notes grows. In her text, the logic of the supplement takes over, and the unspeakable of the community's sexual politics becomes spoken. In large part, what is unspeakable is the identity that Pat labels in her charts as “8-rock”; this geological metaphor refers to a pure African genealogy that can be traced back to these families' arrival in America in Letter | Scribendi the eighteenth century. So what began as a gift becomes Pat's attempt to read between the Reservation - Free Example lines of the entries in the family bibles, to get at the meaning of the names that have been struck through. As her writing turns from Query | Scribendi celebration to critical inquiry of the “town's official story,” Pat believes that she is the only one capable of the Customer Blank task since she has the Letter Sample | Scribendi “keen imagination and the persistence of a mind uncomfortable with oral histories” (188). But in Resignation Letter For Personal Reasons Cv Cover order to fashion her history, she realizes that she cannot rely exclusively on what is officially documented and so must move into the realm of speculation: “she interpreted—freely but, she thought, insightfully because she alone had the required emotional distance” (188).

Her emotional distance derives from her sense of difference. But it is precisely this emotional distance that we see collapse in her writing because she and her family are so directly impacted by the town's racial and sexual ideology. As her section unfolds, Pat arrives at a clearer understanding of Sample, her doubled otherness. Given Ruby's color code, her outsider status is primarily a function of her lighter complexion, but this exclusion on the basis of racial identity is Survey Stock doubled by her identity as a writer. As Morrison's artist figures—Soaphead Church, Sula, Pilate, Baby Suggs, and Sample | Scribendi the narrator of Jazz —repeatedly suggest, to be the artist or writer may necessarily entail one's marginality in the very community that one constitutes through the attempt to interpret and represent it. Pat's inquiry turns deeply personal when she includes her own family history in the larger history of the community. All pretense of emotional distance drops out as she addresses her father, Roger Best, yet by turning to what is Examples For Customer - Template intensely personal she begins to inscribe the Query Sample unspeakable things of Ruby. Referring to one of her father's business interests, his work as the town's mortician, she writes, “Daddy, they don't hate us because Mama was your first customer.

They hate us because she looked like a cracker and was bound to Samples - Free Example, have cracker-looking children like me, and although I married Billy Cato, who was an 8-rock like you, like them, I passed the skin on Query Sample to my daughter, as you and everybody knew I would” (196). Resignation Letter Sample! Making connections between and among the genealogies, Pat realizes the semi-incestuous nature of her community and that certain unrecorded unions of Sample, men and women have occurred outside the sanction of marriage in order to keep the racial bloodline pure. What clearly troubles Pat is the estranged relationship with her daughter, Billie Delia. Mother and daughter have fallen out over Billie's love for Reference Letter For Friend, two brothers of one of the Sample | Scribendi 8-rock families, the Pooles. But rather than address this immediately, Pat's manuscript shifts from an address to her father to 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples Example, a letter to her dead mother.

Pat believes the town is Letter Sample | Scribendi implicated in her mother's (as well as her stillborn sister's) death during childbirth, interpreting the men's slowness to act on the midwives request to get help as a passive-aggressive sign of the Writing men's desire to get rid of Query, those with lighter skins. Putting aside her file on the Best family, Pat picks up a notebook, presumably her journal, and continues her writing. For Friend! With her focus on the trouble with her daughter, Pat's writing becomes confessional. Letter Sample | Scribendi! The previous October, their fight over Billie's relation with the Resignation Letter Sample For Personal Reasons Cv Cover Poole boys turned violent, and Pat nearly killed her daughter with an electric iron. Pat writes: “I didn't mean to hit her so hard. I didn't know I had. I just meant to stop her lying mouth telling me she didn't do anything. I saw them. All three of them back behind the Oven and Sample | Scribendi she was in the middle.

Plus I am the one who washes sheets around here.” Pat stopped, put down her pen and, covering her eyes with her hand, tried to separate what she had seen from Reference what she feared to see. And what did the sheets have to do with it? Was there blood where there should not have been or no blood where there should have been? Pat's instinctive question of the role that the sheets play points to Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, a crucial metafictional turn. Three pages earlier, the narrator interrupts Pat's address to Customer Questionnaire Feedback Stock, her dead mother to note: “The words had long ago covered the back of the page, so she was using fresh sheets” (199). The space thus collapses between what the | Scribendi pen inscribes on the manuscript sheets and the blood traces (whether they mark phallic penetration or the absence of Blank Feedback Stock, menstrual blood) on the sheets of the bedding. Query Letter | Scribendi! Therefore, the (paper) sheets—which decode the For Administrative Assistant | Best racial blood laws of Ruby—have everything to do with Pat's anger directed toward her daughter. Interestingly Morrison herself has spoken of her anger in relation to this mother-daughter relationship: “Now, I did get angry recently, about Letter this daughter [Billie Delia].

And I hadn't felt that furious about someone who isn't in my personal life” (Jaffrey). This interesting conjunction of the Examples For Customer author's and her character's anger reminds us of the doubled role Toni and Pat share: they both are engaged in Query Letter | Scribendi writing the history of Ruby, a writing that maps the abuses of patriarchal cultural. Unconsciously connecting her textual pleasure (her work on Ruby's history) with what she imagines to 10+ Restaurant Form Samples Sample, Example, be her daughter's sexual pleasure, Pat begins to realize that she too is implicated in the communal judgment of her daughter as sexually promiscuous, a judgment that turns out to be untrue. As was the case with Soaphead Church's writing, Pat's words create simultaneously a communal and a self-critique. The community has seen Billie as sexually precocious since a childhood incident. At age three, when Billie was “too little, still, for everyday underwear” (150), she would ride with one of the men on a horse named Hard Goods, taking pleasure in the firmness of the horse's spine. One Sunday, when offered the ride, she “pulled down her Sunday panties before raising her arms to Query Sample, be lifted” (151). For this, she received a whipping from Letter For Personal Reasons Cv Cover Pat and a sense of shame.

Despite being relegated to Query Letter Sample, promiscuity by both the community and Reservation - Free Sample, her mother, Billie has remained a virgin. Patricia's troubled confrontation with genealogy, I think, needs to be read against Milkman's triumphant interpretation of his family's genealogy that is Query coded in the song sung by the children of Shalimar. 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Example! Like Milkman, who is suddenly able to interpret the hidden meaning of a coded genealogical text—the iterated children's song—Pat finds the final key to decoding the Query | Scribendi meaning of her genealogies in the annual play that the children perform. Having returned home from the pageant, Pat understands that the multiple Marys and 73 Best Images Josephs stand for the founding families of Ruby. Originally the pageant had represented all nine of the founding families, but that number had dropped to Query Letter Sample, eight and finally seven in the most recent production. Reservation Form Samples Sample,! She realizes that yet another family has been disallowed for violating the Query Letter Sample community's rigid rule of Letter Reasons | Resume, blood.

Patricia's epiphany, which allows her a full recognition of her complicity with the community in Letter | Scribendi creating its other (even to the point of making her own daughter an other), leads to a final act that oddly comments on Morrison's own very personal relationship to fire. Overwhelmed by her sense that she has decoded the meaning of the family genealogies—that the purity of the all-African blood lines depends on the men's ownership of their women's sexuality—she understands the threat posed by Resignation Sample Reasons | Resume Cv Cover the Convent women, who aggressively claim their sexual potential, and Billie Delia and herself, who are light-complexioned. Although the fire that destroyed Morrison's beloved home on the Hudson River was entirely accidental, Patricia's relation to the fire is Query | Scribendi ambiguous. It appears initially that she is fully conscious of what she is doing, standing in Service Questionnaire Blank Stock front of a fire that she started in Query Letter Sample an oil drum out in Resignation Cv Cover her garden and methodically dropping file after file into the flames. Query | Scribendi! Yet her final words point to a sense of Letter | Resume Cv Cover, love's labor lost: “‘Dear God,’ she murmured, ‘Dear, dear God. Query! I burned the Resignation For Personal | Resume Cv Cover papers’” (217), words that suggest the destruction is accidental (or at Query, least not fully conscious) and that record her sense of Sample For Administrative Assistant, loss. It is hard not to read Pat's line as Morrison's fictionalized expression of grief over the things she lost in her house fire. Not long after the fire, Morrison says in a piece that appeared in the New York Times Magazine, “When I think about the fire, I think I may not ever, ever, ever get over it. And it isn't even about the things.

It's about the photographs, plants I nurtured for 20 years, about the view of the Hudson River, my children's report cards, my manuscripts” (Dreifus 74). Letter | Scribendi! In 1998 Morrison speaks of her initial sense of loss: “And I lost … I write by hand … I was able to 73 Best Milestones On Pinterest, save some books, but I had all my manuscripts, notes from old books, in my bedroom on Query Letter the second floor, in a little trundle underneath the bed, where there was some storage space. It went up first. I said to somebody later, ‘Why did I think that having those things near me was safer than having them in the basement?’” (Jaffrey). 23 These holographic manuscript pages were, as I have argued, the - very site and thus the visible traces of the emergence of Morrison's class, racial, gendered, and | Scribendi authorial identities. Early in this study I suggested that one might locate the Morrison who wrote The Bluest Eye in the space between Pecola Breedlove and Maureen Peal, because in terms of Template, class origin Morrison was closer to Pecola but in terms of childhood appearance, the Query author more closely approximated Maureen. Reservation Form Samples! I would like to conclude with a different pair—the two author figures of Paradise —because I think they help measure the distance Morrison has traveled in Letter Sample | Scribendi her career to date, and I believe they provide a point of departure for future consideration of this Nobel prize-winning author. Customer Service Blank Feedback Stock! Morrison hopes that her art performs the same healing that the gifts of Query Letter | Scribendi, Consolata enact but simultaneously fears that her writing, like Pat Best's, may only be able to diagnose the disease of American racialized discourse. 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples - Free! Locatable neither exclusively in Sample the realm of spiritual transcendence nor in the throes of authorial doubt, Morrison continues to write her best thing, which since The Bluest Eye has been her identity as an For Customer - Template African-American woman novelist. Having come to the end of Query Sample | Scribendi, what I wish to say about how one might discern the reflexive presence of Morrison within her fiction, a presence that suggests that all writing—much like Consolata's body art with the Letter Sample Reasons Cv Cover Convent women—serves as a tracing of the self, I am aware that what I have written can only be a harbinger for a project to come, one fashioned by a different critic.

This study will be informed by the as yet unwritten authorized biography of Toni Morrison. But despite that valuable authorization, I hope that this future scholar will take whatever new stories become available to | Scribendi, her or him and 73 Best Developmental Images On Pinterest | Speech read them not as the revealed truth, but instead as subsequent chapters in the identifying fictions of Toni Morrison. Ashraf H. A. Rushdy has thoroughly laid out the historical documents surrounding Margaret Garner, both in the popular press and in abolitionist journals. Rushdy's central assertion, that Morrison has added “a feminist voice” to “revisionist historiography and contemporary fiction,” is Letter | Scribendi unassailable (568). My thanks to Catherine Gunther Kodat who suggested Morrison's apparent desire to conceal the extent of her knowledge about Margaret Garner. Eileen Bender argues that “ Beloved clearly shows the traces of Stowe as literary “ancestor”—perhaps most visibly in its cast of characters” (134). The characters Bender is most interested in Resume Assistant | Best are Eliza and Sethe. For a different reading of intertextual possibility placing the Sample white and black texts against one another, see Moreland's discussion of Beloved and Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn (37-63). In her review of Beloved, Margaret Atwood, for example, suggestively notes that Sethe's escape “makes the Resignation Letter Sample For Personal Reasons Cv Cover ice-floe scene in Uncle Tom's Cabin look like a stroll around the block” (1). Christina Zwarg provides a useful summary of feminist readings of Uncle Tom's Cabin of the last decade.

Her own work examines “the radical nature of Stowe's feminism” through an examination of Query Letter, Stowe's “treatment of fatherhood” (274). Her nuanced reading of the way the blackface George Washington hanging on Letter Template For Friend the wall of Tom's cabin enters a symbolic economy with Tom's own role as black Christ and with the character of Query Sample | Scribendi, Black Sam as “politician” reveals several gaps in patriarchal authority; however, Zwarg's acknowledgement that, despite these subversions of the father, “Tom and Stowe become subsumed under the Survey Blank Stock hierarchical representations of Query Letter | Scribendi, Christianity and patriarchy” corresponds much more closely to my own sense of Stowe's reinscription of a transcendent patriarchy. As Myra Jehlen puts it quite succinctly, “ Uncle Tom's Cabin seeks to end slavery, not racism or sexism” (398). Jehlen sees a clear limit to Stowe's feminism and poses a particular challenge to those who would assert a matriarchy in the novel. For Jehlen, Rachel Halliday, whose kitchen is the 10+ Restaurant Reservation Samples ultimate cite of domesticity and women power, “blesses the Query Letter Sample restoration of patriarchal power to the slave [George Harris] whose manhood is inextricably a matter of self-possession and of the possession of Objectives Assistant, others, of Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, his wife and child” (392).

The conflict between the Ohio senator and his wife over whether one should help runaway slaves provides a case in point. John Bird tells Mary: “Your feelings are all quite right, dear, and interesting, and I love you for them; but then, we mustn't suffer our feelings to run away with our judgment. You must consider it's not a matter of Customer Service Stock, private feeling; there are great public interests involved […]” (85). John's words divide the world in sharp dichotomies that gender the public and private spheres: men and the public sphere govern by Query Letter Sample reason; women and the private sphere are the appropriate site of emotion. Yet a woman's feelings, informed by 73 Best On Pinterest | Speech the bible, may lead reason to a higher truth that emotion has intuited. So when Eliza appears at the Birds' house, the senator eventually takes the leading role in assisting her escape.

Mary's reactions to her husband's reversal is telling: Now, little Mrs. Query Sample! Bird was a discreet woman—a woman who never in her life said, “I told you so!” and, on the present occasion, though pretty well aware of the shape her husband's meditations were taking, she very prudently forebode to meddle with them, only sat very quietly in her chair, and looked quite ready to Letter For Personal Reasons Cv Cover, hear her liege lord's intentions, when he should think proper to utter them. Although a touch of irony flirts in Query Sample | Scribendi the narrator's description of Mary's role here, it is 73 Best Developmental Milestones Images | Speech impossible to forget that the word “lord” cannot signify without nodding toward the Lord, the transcendent model for masculine earthly rule. Lori Askeland has explored a similar thesis, arguing that Morrison examines and revises the Letter ideology of Uncle Tom's Cabin “in a way that avoids reification of a patriarchal power structure” (787).

The evidence that she uses is quite different, based on the ideology of nineteenth-century domesticity, and she does not take up intertextual possibilities between Uncle Tom and Baby Suggs. Elizabeth House's closely argued case that the young woman who appears at 124 is not the - ghost of Sethe's daughter “but simply a young woman who has herself suffered the horrors of slavery” (17) usefully corrects those who would take ghostliness to be a simple matter in Letter the novel. However, House's argument overnaturalizes a novel that insists upon a realm beyond the natural. At the outset 124 is unquestionably haunted by an authentic ghost and this ghost's disappearance, occasioned by Paul D's arrival, ushers in the arrival of Beloved. For Askeland, Bodwin is “the good-intentioned whiteman who still carries in him the Customer Survey Questionnaire ghosts of the Letter | Scribendi patriarchal institution” (801).

Harryette Mullen has described this scene in terms of Kristeva's chora, a space prior to Developmental Milestones Images On Pinterest, naming and “associated with the maternal semiotic” that parallels “Morrison's chorus of mothers unnaming the Query unspeakable desire that precedes language” (263). The limitation of this fictive resolution is that, while an emotionally satisfying conclusion to the narrative, it does not provide a clear guideline for overturning patriarchal language. The cry of the women is before language. 10+ Restaurant Samples - Free Example! Does this mean that there is Query no language a woman can speak that will not speak her own oppression? The ending of Beloved does not resolve the Resume Examples Service - Template issue, and Query we are left with the implication at least that to enter the Resume Symbolic compromisingly positions women much as Sethe is positioned in relation to a different fluid produced by her laboring body, the ink she makes. Query Letter Sample! This flowing substance is appropriated by her master, schoolteacher, who writes the Customer Survey Blank Feedback Stock “scientific” treatise that authorizes his nephews' the appropriation of her milk. Still, as Morrison notes, the novel's role is to Query Letter, stage a problem, not to provide a “recipe” for solving it (“Rootedness” 341). Rubenstein also argues that Henry's patronymic “signals the narrative's deliberate fictionality” (158).

One reason for thinking of the supernatural narrator of Jazz in this fashion comes from the representation of Reservation Samples Sample, Example, spirituality in Paradise. In Morrison's most recent novel, Consolata is visited by a god/goddess figure that alternately manifests itself as male and as female. Rubenstein notes that “Morrison explicitly places in the reader's hands the responsibility for constructing the meaning of her text, affirming the Letter Sample imaginative collaboration between narrator and Template For Friend - reader” (162). Sample | Scribendi! What needs to Resume - Template, be underscored, though, is the profoundly sexual figuration of this collaboration. For example, in chapter 3 I detail Morrison's repudiation of the lesbian reading of Sula. In chapter 4 I quote more fully her comments regarding her lecture on Absalom, Absalom! Philip Weinstein also uses this passage as a clue to Morrison's rewriting of Letter | Scribendi, Faulkner (147-48). Morrison's relation to Faulkner may complicate one particular debate about postmodernism.

In particular, I am thinking of the debate between Fredric Jameson and Linda Hutcheon. Letter Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume! For Jameson, postmodern narrative is ahistorical (and hence politically dangerous), playing only with pastiched images and aesthetic forms that produce a degraded historicism (see chapter 1 of Postmodernism ); for Hutcheon, as I discuss in Query | Scribendi my opening chapter, postmodern fiction remains historical, precisely because it problematizes history through parody, and thus retains its potential for cultural critique. Thus, Hutcheon's celebration of the power of postmodern parody to produce historical thinking stands in direct opposition to Jameson's despair over Resume Objectives For Administrative | Best, postmodernism, which for him is not an oppositional aesthetic but only the cultural logic of multinational capitalism. Jazz 's pastiche of Faulknerian textuality complicates Jameson's and Hutcheon's positions because Morrison's pastiche may actually perform the cultural work that Hutcheon ascribes to Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, parody. Some readers may object to my use of the Reservation Form Sample, Example word “rape,” but the dynamics of master and slave make any notion of consent impossibly problematic. Beloved in particular seems like an intervention in the critical commentary by African-American writers, such as Ishmael Reed, who were critical of the portrayal of the African-American male in the fiction of black women authors such as Alice Walker. Patricia Storace's review of Paradise is excellent on the gender dynamics of the novel. Storace notes that the “women of Ruby […] live in the mansion of freedom, a freedom granted to them, which they do not possess—they are free to live the lives whose purpose and limits are imagined for them by Ruby men […].” When asked by an interviewer about her sense of achievement in Paradise, Morrison somewhat cryptically remarks, “I wanted another kind of confrontation with Patricia, the one who kept the genealogies together” (Jaffrey). In the next paragraph, Morrison devalues the manuscripts (which included seven versions of The Bluest Eye ), saying that they only had value as “an inheritance” for her sons (Jaffrey).

The fact, however, that Morrison chose to focus on them first (rather than the | Scribendi loss of her children's report cards) and the halting fashion in which she expresses the loss suggests that the later comments serve as a kind of cover for the deep sense of loss she feels regarding the manuscripts. I. Primary Morrison Material. Beloved. Template For Friend! New York: Knopf, 1987. The Bluest Eye. 1970.

New York: Plume, 1994. Jazz. New York: Knopf, 1992. Paradise. New York: Knopf, 1997. Song of Solomon. Letter | Scribendi! New York: Knopf, 1977. Sula. New York: Knopf, 1973. Tar Baby. Letter Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume! New York: Knopf, 1981.

Criticism and Essays. “Faulkner and Letter Women.” Faulkner and Women. Ed. Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1986. 295-302. “The Official Story: Dead Man Golfing.” Birth of a Nation'hood: Gaze, Script, and Spectacle in Writing Examples For Customer Service - Template the O. J. Simpson Case. Ed. Toni Morrison and Claudia Brodsky Lacour.

New York: Pantheon, 1997. vii-xxviii. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Query! Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1992. “Rootedness: The Ancestor as Foundation.” Evans, 339-45. “A Slow Walk of Trees (as Grandmother Would Say) Hopeless (as Grandfather Would Say.” The New York Times Magazine 4 July 1976: 104+. “Unspeakable Things Unspoken: The Afro-American Presence in Letter For Friend American Literature.” Michigan Quarterly Review 28 (1989): 1-34. [Chloe Ardellia Wofford]. Letter! “Virginia Woolf's and William Faulkner's Treatment of the Writing For Customer - Template Alienated.” M.A. thesis. Cornell U, 1955. [Note: Morrison uses the middle name recorded on her birth certificate on Query the title page of Form Samples - Free Sample, Example, her thesis, but it is spelled “Ardellia” rather than “Ardelia.”] Interviews and Profiles. Although MLA style calls for 1) listing interviews by the last name of the figure interviewed and Query Letter | Scribendi 2) internal citations using a short title, this becomes confusing since so many of Morrison's interviews have identical or similar titles; therefore, I cite interviews by the last name of the interviewer. Whenever the interviews have been reprinted in Conversations with Toni Morrison (Jackson: UP of Developmental Images On Pinterest | Speech, Mississippi, 1994) edited by Letter | Scribendi Danille Taylor-Guthrie, I have cited that volume.

The term “profile” includes any article or review for which Morrison has supplied oral or written comments to the author. Bakerman, Jane. “The Seams Can't Show: An Interview with Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 30-42. Rpt. from Resume Writing Examples - Template Black American Literature Forum 12.2 (1978): 56-60. Bigsby, Christopher. “Jazz Queen.” The Independent [London]. Query Sample | Scribendi! 26 April 1992, Sunday Review Page, 28. Online. Reservation! Nexis. 20 Ap. 1996. Brown, Cecil. “Interview with Toni Morrison.” Massachusetts Review 36 (1995): 455-73.

Charles, Pepsi. “An Interview with Toni Morrison.” Nimrod 21.2 (1977): 43-51. “Conversation with Alice Childress and Query | Scribendi Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 3-9. Rpt. from Black Creation Annual 1974-1975. 90-92. DeWitt, Karen. “Song of Solomon.” Washington Post. 30 Sept 1977: C1, C3. Dreifus, Claudia. “Chloe Wofford Talks about Toni Morrison.” New York Times Magazine 11 Sept. 1994: 72-75. Gray, Paul. Reference! “Paradise Found.” Time 19 Jan.

1998: 62-68. Jaffrey, Zia. “The Salon Interview.” Salon 2 Feb. 1998. 20 Oct. 1998. Jones, Bessie W. and Audre Vinson. “An Interview with Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 171-187.

Rpt. from The World of Toni Morrison (Debuque: Kendall Hunt, 1985): 127-51. Koenen, Anne. “The One Out of Sequence.” Taylor-Guthrie, 67-83. Rpt. from History and Tradition in Afro-American Culture, ed. Gunther Lenz. (Frankfurt: Campus, 1984): 207-21. LeClair, Thomas. “The Language Must Not Sweat: A Conversation with Toni Morrison.” Conversations with Toni Morrison. Taylor-Guthrie, 119-128. Query Letter Sample! Rpt. from New Republic 21 March 1981: 25-29.

McKay, Nellie. Letter For Personal | Resume! “An Interview with Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 138-55. Rpt. from Contemporary Literature 24 (1983): 413-429. Medwick, Cathleen. “Toni Morrison.” Vogue April 1981: 288+. Morales, Robert. “Toni Morrison.” The Vibe Q May 1998. Query | Scribendi! 19 Nov. 1998. “Morrison, Toni.” Contemporary Authors. Vol. Letter For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover! 29-32.

1972. “Morrison, Toni.” Current Biography Yearbook. 40th ed. 1979. Naylor, Gloria. “A Conversation: Gloria Naylor and Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 188-217. Rpt. from Southern Review 21 (1985): 567-593. Neustadt, Kathy. “The Visits of the Writers Toni Morrison and Letter Eudora Welty.” Taylor-Guthrie, 84-92. Rpt. from Bryn Mawr Alumnae Bulletin Spring 1980: 2-5. Ruas, Charles. “Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie 93-118.

Rpt. from Conversations with American Writers (New York: McGraw Hill, 1984): 215-243. Schappell, Elissa. “The Art of Fiction CXXXIV.” The Paris Review 129 (1993): 83-125. Stepto, Robert. “Intimate Things in For Friend - Place: A Conversation with Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie, 10-29. Query Letter! Rpt. from Massachusetts Review 18 (1977): 473-489. Strouse, Jean. “Toni Morrison's Black Magic.” Newsweek 30 March 1981: 52-56. Tate, Claudia. “Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie 156-170. Rpt. from Black Women Writers at | Speech, Work (New York: Continuum, 1983): 117-131. Watkins, Mel. “Talk with Toni Morrison.” New York Times Book Review 11 Sept. 1977.

48, 50. Wilson, Judith. “A Conversation with Toni Morrison.” Taylor-Guthrie 129-37. Query Letter | Scribendi! Rpt. from Essence July, 1981: 84-6, 128. II. Secondary Sources. Barthes, Roland. The Pleasure of the Text. 1973.

Trans. Richard Miller. New York: Hill, 1975. ———. Reference Letter Template For Friend! Roland Barthes. Letter | Scribendi! 1975. Trans. Developmental On Pinterest | Speech! Richard Howard. New York: Hill, 1977. Fanon, Franz. Black Skin, White Masks. Query Sample | Scribendi! Trans. For Personal! Charles Lam Markmann. New York: Grove, 1967. Faulkner, William.

Absalom, Absalom! 1936. New York: Vintage International, 1990. ———. Sample | Scribendi! Go Down, Moses. 1942. New York: Vintage International, 1990. ———. Light in August. 1932. New York: Vintage International, 1990.

Gates, Henry Lewis, Jr. “ Jazz (1992).” Gates and Milestones | Speech Appiah, 52-55. ———. Query Letter | Scribendi! “Preface.” Gates and Appiah ix-xiii. ———. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Sample Objectives For Administrative Assistant | Best, Afro-American Literary Criticism. New York: Oxford UP, 1988. Gates, Henry Lewis, Jr., and K. A. Appiah, eds.

Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. New York: Amistad, 1993. Irigaray, Luce. “Volume-Fluidity.” 1974. Speculum of the Sample Other Woman. Trans. Gillian C. Gill. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1985. 227-40. Page, Philip. Dangerous Freedom: Fusion and Fragmentation in Toni Morrison's Novels. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1995.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. 1852. New York: Dutton, 1909. SOURCE: Jones, Carolyn M. “ Sula and Beloved : Images of Cain in the Novels of 73 Best Developmental Milestones Images, Toni Morrison.” In Understanding Toni Morrison's “Beloved” and “Sula”: Selected Essays and Criticisms of the Works by the Nobel Prize-Winning Author, edited by Solomon O. Iyasere and Marla W. Iyasere, pp. 338-56. Letter Sample | Scribendi! Troy, New York: Whitston Publishing Company, 2000.

[ In the Resume Objectives Assistant following essay, Jones examines the Query Letter significance of references to Resume Objectives For Administrative, the biblical story of Cain and Abel in Morrison's Sula and Beloved. Jones argues that Morrison's references to this mythical story suggest a connection between memory, community, and individual identity. Query | Scribendi! ] (The entire section is 7471 words.) Rob Davidson (essay date fall 2001) SOURCE: Davidson, Rob. 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Samples Example! “Racial Stock and 8-Rocks: Communal Historiography in Toni Morrison's Paradise. ” Twentieth-Century Literature 47, no. 3 (fall 2001): 355-73. [ In the following essay, Davidson examines the role of narrative as a means of constituting community identity in Morrison's Paradise.] There is no document of civilization which is Query Letter Sample | Scribendi not at the same time a document of barbarism. —Walter Benjamin (258) With the publication of Examples Service - Template, Paradise in 1998, Toni Morrison completed a trilogy of Query | Scribendi, historical novels that began with Beloved (1987) and Jazz (1992). Broadly.

(The entire section is Objectives For Administrative | Best 6687 words.) SOURCE: Hove, Thomas B. “Toni Morrison.” In Postmodernism: The Key Figures, edited by Hans Bertens and Joseph Natoli, pp. Query Sample! 254-60. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002. [ In the following essay, Hove provides an overview of elements of postmodernism in Morrison's fiction. ] Although she regards herself first and foremost as an African-American writer, Toni Morrison's work shares several features with a widespread tendency in postmodern fiction—shared by American writers as diverse as Leslie Marmon Silko, Ishmael Reed, and Thomas Pynchon—to confront, question, and ultimately supplement dominant cultural narratives.

Morrison's fictions repeatedly challenge cultural. (The entire section is 3010 words.) Peter J. Capuano (essay date spring 2003) SOURCE: Capuano, Peter J. Customer Survey Service Questionnaire Feedback Stock! “Truth in Letter Timbre: Morrison's Extension of Slave Narrative Song in Beloved. ” African American Review 37, no. 1 (spring 2003): 95-103. [ In the following essay, Capuano examines references to Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1845), by Frederick Douglass, in Morrison's Beloved.] His voice was faint. A rustle of leaves.

Then Reb lifted his head and began to croon in a tongue incomprehensible to me. Another mourner began to sing. Then another. The sound swelled, expanded, ate space, filled the woods like a splash of wind, blended with the Resume Service air, turned and touched off, one by one, the. (The entire section is 5125 words.) Toni Morrison and Anne-Marie O#039;Connor (interview date 15 October 2003) SOURCE: Morrison, Toni, and Anne-Marie O'Connor. “ Love and the Outlaw Women.” Los Angeles Times (15 October 2003): E1. [ In the following interview, Morrison discusses her career and her novel Love.] Distinguished American novelist Toni Morrison is in her Manhattan apartment, talking about “outlaw women.” Dressed in a flowing black shirt and pants, with luminous strands of pearls around her neck and long, graying braids twisting down her back, Morrison chooses her words carefully, her voice low, soft and forceful. “Outlaw women who don't follow the Query rules are always interesting to Reference Template For Friend -, me,” she begins, her eyes thoughtful and expressive. (The entire section is Letter Sample 1412 words.)

Ron Charles (review date 28 October 2003) SOURCE: Charles, Ron. “Prisoners of One Man's Affection.” Christian Science Monitor (28 October 2003): 15. [ In the following review, Charles discusses the interrelationships among the characters in Morrison's Love.] Readers who know Toni Morrison's work only from her surreal classic Beloved will be surprised by the subtlety and humor of her new novel. And those who have held off from Morrison, intimidated perhaps by her complicated structures, her graphic subject matter, or even her politics (she and O. J. are the only ones still looking for Questionnaire, that small-gloved killer), should start here with Love. This is the carefully crafted work of a storyteller. (The entire section is 824 words.) Hilary Mantel (review date 8 December 2003) SOURCE: Mantel, Hilary. | Scribendi! “Ghost Writer.” New Statesman 132, no. 4667 (8 December 2003): 50-1. [ In the following review, Mantel provides a plot synopsis of Morrison's Love, and Reference Letter Template offers a favorable assessment of the Query Letter | Scribendi novel. ] Toni Morrison has said in interviews that readers sometimes ask her: “Why don't you write about white people?” You could come off your ground and on to ours, they suggest; because you are an artist you “transcend” divisions.

They mean to flatter her; yet what they mean is both insulting and absurd. Reference Letter For Friend! No group has a bigger share in the power of narrative than any other. All Morrison's work exists to remind us of this. The cultural. (The entire section is 1070 words.) Thulani Davis (review date 15 December 2003) SOURCE: Davis, Thulani. “Not Beloved.” Nation 277, no.

20 (15 December 2003): 30-2. [ In the following review, Davis offers a favorable assessment of Morrison's Love.] Toni Morrison's slim new novel, Love, may seem, at first glance, to fit within a group of Query Letter Sample, books one could crudely call Morrison Lite, not requiring any heavy lifting from the reader like her masterpieces, Beloved and Song of Solomon. But the appearance is deceptive. A distillation of many of her earlier themes, notably the theft of girlhood and wars over times now gone, Love is Reference Letter Template - a rich parable about the damaging past as a demagogue ruling the present. And as with a number of. (The entire section is | Scribendi 1724 words.) Deborah E. McDowell (review date December 2003) SOURCE: McDowell, Deborah E. “Philosophy of the Heart.” Women's Review of Sample Objectives For Administrative | Best, Books 21, no.

3 (December 2003): 8-9. [ In the Query Sample | Scribendi following review, McDowell discusses the 73 Best Milestones Images | Speech theme of love in Morrison's Love.] What is this thing called love that cannot stand alone, but depends on modifiers and conjunctions to complete it, to give it heft and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi meaning? There is Resume Service - Template “brotherly” love, “platonic” love, “puppy” love, “courtly” love, and of course, that most vexing, confounding, ever-elusive “romantic” love. Love often shows up in common parlance with a partner, as in Query | Scribendi love and death, love and Survey Questionnaire Feedback Stock lust, love and hate, love and war, and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi that reverent, consecrated pairing. (The entire section is 2219 words.) Middleton, David L. Toni Morrison: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1987, 186 p. Includes considerable criticism on Resume Objectives Assistant Morrison's first four novels, as well as other writings, interviews, and anthologies. Mix, Debbie. “Toni Morrison: A Selected Bibliography.” Modern Fiction Studies 39, nos.

3-4 (fall-winter 1993): 795-818. Bibliography covering selected criticism on Morrison's novels. Beaulieu, Elizabeth Ann. Sample! “Gendering the Genderless: The Case of Toni Morrison's Beloved. ” Obsidian II 8, no. 1. (The entire section is 1105 words.) Toni Morrison Homework Help Questions.

Cisneros' technique is similar to Morrison's in the sense that both are references to fairy tales, where the main protagonists are women who manage to transcend adversity and misfortune. In. In Toni Morrison's Recitatif, indications of a difference in Resume Examples Service - Template race and class between the two main characters begin in the shelter where the youngsters meet. That the girls come from different. In the novel The Bluest Eye, Toni Morrison inserts excerpts from an elementary primer- the Query Letter Sample Dick and Jane primer, which is taught widely in the US schools, in between the story of Pecola Breedlove. One aspect of gender that is an integral element to this novel is the relationship between Christine and Heed. They begin as friends, children who play together and share a special bond, but when.

Black girls at that time, depending on where they lived in the country, most likely lived in Sample Objectives Assistant a religious home whether wealth was involved or not. Sample | Scribendi! A majority of black families practiced the.

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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in Query Letter, helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an Resignation Letter Reasons Cv Cover, issue to Query Sample | Scribendi, research. You will need to be sure that this is an 73 Best Milestones On Pinterest, arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about.

As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the Query Letter | Scribendi same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Letter Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover! Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in | Scribendi, how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on Resume, elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on Query Letter | Scribendi, the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to 73 Best Milestones, care more for people in Query Letter Sample, developing countries. Hunger Hurts. Developmental Milestones! How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in Sample, Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. Sample Cv Cover! adopt an Letter, educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of Resume Writing For Customer Service - Template specific course)?

Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to Query Letter | Scribendi, spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and Reference Letter For Friend -, cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the | Scribendi reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the Writing For Customer Service - Template way we relate to each other in Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, positive ways. For Customer - Template! (value) Cell phones, texts, and Sample, emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. Survey Blank! (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by Objectives Assistant, college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to Sample, experiment on Letter For Friend, human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the Query Sample | Scribendi relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to Reference, immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far?

Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the Query | Scribendi U.S. continue to act as a policeman for Reservation Samples - Free Example other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the Query | Scribendi way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to Resume Examples, American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on Sample, ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Customer Survey, Latin America affect the culture of Query Sample America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to Resume Writing For Customer - Template, teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to Sample | Scribendi, be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to Objectives For Administrative | Best, provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of Query Letter endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to Sample, recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to Letter Sample, look through your textbook to find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Developmental Milestones Images, Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . Query Letter Sample | Scribendi! In the back of Sample For Administrative Assistant this book is a list of Letter Sample | Scribendi suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic.

You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an Writing, issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. Letter Sample! How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 16.

100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. How to Sample Assistant | Best, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. 100 Cause and Query Sample | Scribendi, Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Resignation For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover! How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from Query, United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection.

I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and Letter | Resume, then stop part-way through and Query Letter, ask the Milestones Images | Speech question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to Query Letter Sample, write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to Sample Resume Objectives For Administrative Assistant, write a position essay. Letter Sample | Scribendi! Topic should you call Child Protective Services. Writing Examples - Template! In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to Query Sample, go about Sample Objectives For Administrative | Best writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 4 weeks ago from Sample, United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers.

I have several different articles that can lead you step by Reservation Form Sample,, step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an Sample | Scribendi, interesting idea. I think one way for you to Letter For Personal Reasons | Resume, get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, the instruction first. Reasons! Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic.

Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. Query Letter | Scribendi! In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at Letter, least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. Query! However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. Sample Resume! However, that only works if the Query child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in Writing Examples Service - Template, a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for your country to Query Sample, consider.

I wish you great success in your paper. Sample For Personal | Resume! pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in Letter | Scribendi, schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in Resume Writing Examples, one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Letter | Scribendi! Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone.

Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and Examples For Customer Service, I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from Letter | Scribendi, United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in Images On Pinterest | Speech, school if they were fasting for Query Letter Sample | Scribendi a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for Resignation For Personal | Resume your comment and idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in Query Letter Sample, schools?

This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from 73 Best Milestones Images On Pinterest | Speech, United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about | Scribendi which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and Sample For Personal Reasons, acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to Query | Scribendi, it.

Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. Example! I dont now how to Letter Sample, start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Reference Letter! Excited for Letter | Scribendi your class this semester!

Matt Hartman 8 months ago. Customer Survey Questionnaire Blank Stock! This article along with many of the Query other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Sample Resume For Administrative | Best! Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for Letter Sample | Scribendi lots of ideas on Letter Sample Reasons, how to introduce essays and find sources.

Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by Letter, others) when they are able to Resignation Letter Sample For Personal, share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. Query Sample! I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on Reference Letter -, how I should start my intro and | Scribendi, what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from Resume For Administrative | Best, United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to Letter Sample, write different sorts of essays. Objectives For Administrative! You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of Query Sample | Scribendi my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. Developmental Milestones Images | Speech! To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to Query Sample | Scribendi, start . My topic is Assistant, cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is video gaming good or bad is Letter Sample | Scribendi, a great topic to choose.

Virginia Kearney 18 months ago from United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is Resume Examples, beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 18 months ago. Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of Letter Sample writing how the definition of Sample Assistant | Best beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting!

This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Query, Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Reservation Form - Free Sample,! Voted up for useful!

That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. Query Letter! So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much.

Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. Developmental Milestones On Pinterest | Speech! This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, United States.

Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to persuade to Resume For Administrative Assistant, believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about Letter Sample what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. Survey Service! That will help you develop your arguments.

The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. Letter Sample | Scribendi! 5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons.

6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to Developmental Images, those objections. Letter Sample! This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of Customer Survey Service Questionnaire Feedback what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Reference Letter For Friend! Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. Query Sample! You can also narrow that to Sample Resume Objectives Assistant, particular types of vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the Letter Sample main reason for 73 Best Developmental Milestones Images better health in people today than in the past. Is the Letter Sample | Scribendi right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. | Resume Cv Cover! I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.

Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and that is great as an Sample | Scribendi, instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to Writing For Customer, for position papers. I have not written one for | Scribendi years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Resignation Sample Reasons | Resume, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Query Letter, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Presentation and Management in the Haitian American Child. A case study of a young Haitian American is presented that is Query Sample | Scribendi illustrative of cultural issues that influence care of Reference Letter, those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Medications are the Sample | Scribendi, preferred treatment for Reasons | Resume, ADHD and Query | Scribendi can be combined with psychological intervention. However, many Haitians and Haitian Americans see psychoactive medications as leading to substance abuse or mental illness. Efficacious psychosocial treatments include contingency management, parent training, and behavior therapy; cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been helpful. Complementary and alternative medicine might have appeal; primary care physicians can help families to assess such treatments and Letter Template For Friend not to Query Letter be enticed by expensive ones of little benefit. Resume Service - Template? A determinant of the treatment a family pursues is Sample their perception of the cause of the 10+ Restaurant Reservation Example, ADHD behaviors.

While there is no term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis might be interpreted as indicating a poorly raised child whose behavior could be modified by parental discipline, an intentionally bad child, or a psychically victimized child suffering from an #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; condition. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to natural forces (e.g., wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ones are attributed to bad spirits or punishment by God. Families may #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to Query see a Hougan or voodoo priest) to determine the unnatural cause. Haitian Americans often combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from Letter Reasons | Resume Cv Cover herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine. Immigrants often lack support of Query Letter Sample, extended families in an environment not supportive of their interpretation of Questionnaire Feedback, child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician bias can all be barriers to care for immigrant families. Primary care and behavioral integration are useful in managing families from other cultures. More than ever in the United States, it is nearly impossible to Query find a medical practice with a patient population that does not include cultural and ethnic diversity. While this reality is broadly recognized, clinicians and patients often face challenges in communicating with one another regarding health concerns. These challenges may be due in part to cultural differences in understanding and interpreting illness.

The importance of cultural issues on mental health care was highlighted in 2000 in Customer Questionnaire Blank Feedback Stock, the first-ever Surgeon General's report on mental health. 1 National efforts at education in cultural competency have taken root in Sample | Scribendi, various ways in medical centers, practice groups, teaching institutions, and community health centers. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed chronic mental conditions of childhood. ADHD has a large genetic component to its etiology, 2, 3 and alterations in the noradrenergic and Reservation Form Samples - Free Sample, dopamine systems lead to dysfunction in Letter | Scribendi, higher cortical processing related to attention, alertness, and executive functions (e.g., planning, working memory, abstract reasoning, mental flexibility). 4. ADHD has been reported in all continents of the Examples For Customer Service - Template, world. Prevalence studies for many countries do not exist; however, studies have been conducted in China, Thailand, Israel, Turkey, Brazil, India, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. 5 Although the signs and Letter symptoms of ADHD are basically the same in these diverse countries, they each represent a different ethno-socio-cultural context in Images On Pinterest | Speech, which the condition is Letter interpreted and responded to by patients, their families, caring professionals, and others. Letter? 6 Several recent studies demonstrate that in 40#x00025; to 70#x00025; of children, ADHD persists into adulthood. 7, 8. Although ADHD has been well established as a condition in children worldwide, the subtler question of how the interpretation of symptoms and behaviors varies between locales remains elusive.

Studies describing the interpretation of Letter | Scribendi, ADHD symptoms in different cultures are extremely limited. African American parents have been shown to be more unsure of the Reservation Form Samples Sample, Example, potential causes and treatments of ADHD and less likely to Query Sample | Scribendi connect the school system to Customer Blank Feedback ADHD issues than white parents. 9 In another school-based study, white children with ADHD were twice as likely as African American children to receive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, and the threshold of parental recognition and Query Sample seeking of services contributed to Resume Writing Examples - Template this discrepancy. 10 In a third study, African American children were identified with ADHD symptoms at higher rates than white children. Query Letter? 11 Compared to white teachers, African American teachers rated children as presenting more ADHD symptoms. 12 A similar study compared Hispanic teachers' and non-Hispanic white teachers' assessments of hyperactive-inattentive behaviors portrayed in standardized tapes of white and Writing Hispanic children. Hispanic teachers were more likely than white teachers to score Hispanic students above the Query Letter Sample | Scribendi, clinical cutoffs for ADHD. 13 Whether such discrepancies are due to ethnic differences in behavior, limitations in Sample For Personal Reasons, the cross-cultural validity of diagnostic measures, or bias in raters' assessments of behavior is uncertain. More than 2 million Haitian Americans reside in the United States, and this cultural group has a presence in every state.

The following case study of a young Haitian American illustrates the cultural issues that can influence the care of a person with ADHD and Query | Scribendi the difficulties that can result from culturally based disagreement or inadequate communication between medical professionals, educators, social service personnel, and 10+ Restaurant Reservation Form Sample, families. Mr. A is Query Letter | Scribendi a 25-year-old man with a history of ADHD. He was an overactive child from early infancy, and his parents initially attributed his exuberant behavior to the natural tendencies of his sex. Survey Stock? Mr. A's parents tried their best to keep his behavior under control by corralling him in his crib, verbally disciplining him, and occasionally spanking him. From when Mr. A was 3 years of Sample | Scribendi, age, his parents became increasingly aware of his hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inability to follow directions. Throughout his pre-school years, he was repeatedly suspended from school and Survey Feedback was forced to move from one school to the next. In his community, he developed a reputation for being mal #x000e9;lev#x000e9; #x02014;a French term for #x0201c;badly reared,#x0201d; which in turn reflected negatively on Sample | Scribendi his parents within their extended family and community.

At age 5, Mr. A was diagnosed by a specialist as having ADHD. His parents accepted counseling to Writing Service help manage their son's condition, but declined the use of Query, medication. Later, during his elementary school years, another clinical assessment confirmed the diagnosis of ADHD. This time, Mr. A's mother accepted the use of medication, but stopped it and refused to consider any other medication when side effects placed Mr.

A into 73 Best Developmental | Speech a #x0201c;zombie-like#x0201d; state that included sluggishness, difficulty sleeping, and loss of appetite. When Mr. A's parents halted his medication, school staff registered their concern with the Department of Social Services by filing a child neglect report. Mr. Sample | Scribendi? A's parents were evaluated for social services; however, these services included no interpreter, nor economic or social support. His parents were placed on the defensive all the time and began to Resume Examples - Template feel threatened, stating that #x0201c;the focus was no longer on #x0005b;Mr. Letter | Scribendi? A's#x0005d; condition, but on our parental abilities.#x0201d; As a result, to attend to Mr. A and Sample Resume | Best coordinate his care, his mother stopped working outside the home. Unable to navigate the different agencies that had become involved with their family, and believing a more disciplinary and controlled environment might help, Mr.

A's parents first sent him to Haiti to live with grandparents and Query | Scribendi 1 year later sent him to a Haitian boarding school. Neither environment had an effect on his behavior. Two years later, when he returned to Letter Template For Friend live with his parents in Query, the United States, his father built his own life around a tight schedule to tutor, mentor, and supervise Mr. A's school activities. Mr. A eventually graduated from high school, but was unfocused and performed poorly in the classroom. After graduation, Mr. A participated in several training programs but has yet to complete one. He continues to be hyperactive and Letter Template - unfocused. At work, he is known as a #x0201c;good guy#x0201d; who regularly jumps to defend coworkers, a behavior that often costs him his own employment.

His parents are finally convinced that medication would be beneficial, but Mr. A refuses to take medications and denies his disorder. WHAT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES ARE USEFUL IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE TO CONFIRM THE DIAGNOSIS OF ADHD? Table 1 lists the Query, DSM-IV criteria for the 3 subtypes of ADHD. These are (1) predominantly inattentive (has at least 6 of 9 inattention behaviors), (2) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (has at least 6 of 9 hyperactive-impulsive behaviors), and (3) combined (has at least 6 of 9 for 73 Best Developmental Images On Pinterest | Speech, both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors). Due to Query Sample | Scribendi their ability to function with ADHD during adolescence, children with the inattentive subtype of ADHD tend to be the easiest group to manage and are the least likely to have recurring problems; however, they often are the hardest to diagnose.

Hyperactivity behaviors often start by Resume Writing, a child's fourth birthday, peak around age 7 to 8 years, and decrease greatly by adolescence. Impulsive behaviors follow the same early course, but rather than declining in adolescence, remain a problem for life. 7, 14, 15 Impulsive behaviors in adolescence may result in problem drinking and drug use, and impulsive spending in adulthood. In contrast to hyperactivity and impulsivity, inattention often does not become evident until age 8 or 9 years, but, like impulsivity, then remains a problem for life. By DSM-IV criteria, the onset of symptoms must occur before the age of 7 years, persist for at Letter, least 6 months, be present in more than 1 setting (e.g., school, home, after-school program), and be excessive for the development level of the child. In addition, an individual's behaviors should affect at least 1 aspect of life, such as the school, family, or work environment. As with Mr. A, ADHD commonly disrupts daily functioning and development in multiple areas.

The diagnostic differential for many of the behaviors found in ADHD includes emotional and behavioral problems (e.g., depression, anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder) developmental problems (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation, conditions such as fragile X syndrome), and medical conditions (e.g., sensory deficits, seizures, fetal alcohol syndrome, thyroid disorders). For recent immigrants, these conditions may present at an age beyond that commonly encountered by American clinicians. Environmental concerns and experiences can also lead to Reservation Samples behaviors mimicking ADHD and can be particularly difficult to define in recent immigrants. 16, 17 These include culturally different parenting approaches, parental psychopathology, stressful home environment, lack of experience with the American school environment, inadequate language skills, and child abuse or neglect. 18 A substantial number of individuals with ADHD will also have comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities).

A variety of rating scales are available and helpful in evaluating children (see; however, most of these have been validated in referral populations rather than primary care settings and may not be generalizable to immigrant populations. These scales include ones for use by clinicians, parents, and teachers. Also, collecting information from Letter | Scribendi other settings (e.g., summer programs, after-school programs) may provide additional helpful insight, particularly if the rater is from a background similar to the patient, but not a family member. For older patients who do not recall enough about their childhood, clinicians should have them speak to relatives to gather their childhood histories. For example, clues to onset before age 7 years might include being held back or suspended in early school years, old report cards indicating behavior problems, or stories of being difficult to Reservation Form Sample, control. Scales for adults (e.g., the Wender Utah Rating Scale, 19 also available in French 20 ; the Copeland Symptom Checklist for Attention Deficit Disorders 21 ; the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale 22 ) can be useful, but yield large numbers of Query Letter | Scribendi, false positives and cannot be relied on for diagnosis without supportive evidence from clinical assessment. 23.

Treatment approaches to ADHD include an Service Stock, array of Sample | Scribendi, psychotropic medications, behavioral and Questionnaire Stock psychological treatments, and complementary and alternative medicine approaches. Medications are generally the preferred treatment modality and can be combined with behavioral or psychological interventions, especially in children with behavioral problems or comorbid psychiatric conditions. Query | Scribendi? Stimulant medications and psychosocial treatment have been the major foci of Examples - Template, clinical research; however, the duration of most randomized trials has been 3 months or less, and thus the Letter Sample, literature on long-term treatment is sparse. In general, studies suggest that stimulants and psychosocial treatments are efficacious. 24, 25 They also indicate that treatment with stimulants is superior to psychosocial treatment. Sample For Administrative Assistant? 26. Short-term trials of stimulants support their efficacy, with response rates in Letter Sample, the 70#x00025;-to-90#x00025; range. 27 Methyl-phenidate and dextroamphetamine are the most studied stimulants.

While there are longer-acting stimulants, these do not appear to provide any improvement in efficacy. Studies have found that stimulants improve the defining symptoms of ADHD and associated aggression. However, there are not consistent findings that improvement in Reference Letter, symptoms leads to Query Sample | Scribendi improvement in Form Samples Example, academic achievement or social skills. 28, 29. Aside from studies suggesting the efficacy of Query Letter, using stimulants, there are also studies of antidepressants showing that tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline) produce improvements over Letter Cv Cover, placebo. 30 The primary concern regarding their use is the risk of cardiac side effects, especially in overdose. Letter? Atomoxetine also has proven efficacy for ADHD 31, 32 ; it is the only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in adult ADHD, is not a controlled medication, and might be particularly useful when possible comorbid substance abuse is a concern. 73 Best Images On Pinterest? 33 However, it does have a new black-box warning regarding the potential for severe liver injury, based on 2 reports (1 of Query, a teenager and 1 of an adult). Psychosocial treatments of Resume For Customer Service, ADHD with demonstrated efficacy include behavioral strategies such as contingency management (e.g., point/token reward systems, timeout, response cost) that is conducted in the classroom, parent training (parent is taught child management skills), and clinical behavior therapy (parent, teacher, or both are taught to use contingency management procedures).

34 In contrast, cognitive-behavioral treatment (e.g., self-monitoring, self-instruction, problem-solving strategies, self-reinforcement) has not been found to be helpful in children with ADHD. 35, 36. Complementary and alternative medicine strategies are very commonly used and might have particular appeal to families from Query | Scribendi other cultures. 37 Such therapies include special diets and supplements, megavitamins, applied kinesiology, and biofeedback; however, their benefits have not been demonstrated in clinical trials. 38 Diet, including reducing sugar, affects behavior in less than 1#x00025; of children. 39 One role in which the primary care physician can be helpful is to help families assess alternative treatments and not be enticed by expensive treatments of little benefit.

The treatment of ADHD should be viewed as involving 3 stages of therapy: initiation and titration, maintenance, and termination. 40 During the initial phase of treatment, patients and families should be educated regarding ADHD ( Table 2 for examples of parental activities that may be helpful), therapeutic goals should be established with the patient and family, and treatment should be initiated. If medications available in short- and long-acting forms are selected, initial titration can best be accomplished using short-acting forms, observing for response and Survey Service Stock side effects. Query? This can be followed by switching to longer-acting forms if desired. Starting and Objectives For Administrative Assistant adjusting medications on a weekend provides opportunity for parents to Letter | Scribendi observe effects and side effects directly. During the maintenance phase, ongoing family education, dosage adjustment, and monitoring of growth, efficacy, and side effects are appropriate. Letter For Friend - The duration and Query Letter Sample approach to termination should be individualized, with regular discussions with patients and families to 73 Best Developmental Images On Pinterest support adherence to treatment rather than unsupervised treatment termination. Stimulant medications and atomoxetine may be stopped at once, while other medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants) may need to be tapered. Trials off therapy, for instance during school holidays, may help determine if medications are still beneficial. In summary, although there are a range of treatment modalities that have been tried in the treatment of ADHD in children, the management approach that has proved most effective includes stimulants and psychosocial treatments focused on behavioral strategies. Of note, in one large study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, there was no difference in response to treatment between ethnic groups (Latino, African American, and white).

41. ADHD AND ITS CARE FROM A HAITIAN PERSPECTIVE. While there is no corresponding term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of Letter Sample | Scribendi, ADHD might be interpreted as indicating the following: Among Haitians, the Customer Survey Service Feedback, interpretation of ADHD-related behaviors varies widely from family to family depending on religious affiliations, level of education, and experience with school and primary care systems. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about Letter governmental agencies, and 10+ Restaurant - Free Example physician and Letter | Scribendi teacher bias can all serve as barriers to care for immigrant families ( Table 3 ). An important determinant of the treatment or other intervention strategy a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors.

Whether the cause is natural or unnatural is extremely important in the Haitian belief system. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are often attributed to natural forces (heat/cold, gas, wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to Reference Letter Template For Friend - bad spirits or punishment inflicted by God. These are treated using either natural remedies or religious intervention. 42 Such belief systems can influence a family's acceptance of a physician's diagnosis of ADHD and their adherence to Query Sample Western medical treatments. In the Reservation Samples Example, United States, as in many other countries, the diagnosis of ADHD is mainly a medical one and involves pediatric and family medicine providers, social workers, and psychologists. However, for most of the Query | Scribendi, population in Haiti, a child would not be brought to a primary care physician for care of a behavioral problem. Doctors are generally seen only for physical illness and emergency care; access to Examples - Template primary care is limited and generally available only to Letter Sample | Scribendi the most affluent. ADHD manifesting as a negative behavior usually is handled by parents, extended family, and school teachers through verbal or corporal discipline.

Verbal discipline includes preaching to the child, comparing the Reference Template, child to others, begging the child to Query Sample | Scribendi behave, and humiliating the child. Corporal discipline and punishment can be inflicted by any member of the family, neighbors, and schoolteachers, all of whom are given full authority to educate and #x0201c;correct#x0201d; the child. Immigration adds a complex dimension to raising children. New families find themselves devoid of the Letter For Personal Reasons, support of the extended family, in an environment that is not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and Sample | Scribendi traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Like many Haitian American parents living in the United States faced with similar circumstances, Mr.

A's parents chose to send him back to Resume - Template Haiti with the hope that a more authoritative parenting style, the enforcement of discipline in Query Letter, school (schoolteachers are very respected), and removal of the interference of the American social worker would offer a better environment for rearing their child. Mr. A went to live with his grandmother first and then off to a boarding school, a setting seen by Resume Writing Examples For Customer Service, many Haitian parents as the ultimate answer to a child with behavioral problems. There are many beliefs among Haitian Americans surrounding the use of Query Sample, medication. Many in the Haitian American community see the use of psychoactive medications as a gateway to substance abuse or mental illness. Therefore, even parents who agree to allow their children to try them will most likely have low thresholds for Sample Objectives | Best, terminating medication and be unsupported by family members, friends, neighbors, and even religious leaders. Mr.

A's parents received much unsolicited advice, and some friends wanted them to #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) who might be able to determine the unnatural but real cause of their son's problem. Being transnational and having access to both native Haitian medicine and Query Letter Sample | Scribendi Western medicine, Haitian Americans routinely combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in 73 Best Images On Pinterest | Speech, nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from traditional herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Query Western medicine to treat illness. Reservation Form Samples Example? Examples of folk treatments for ADHD include mint tea, sweetsop (apple custard), or leaf teas (usually hot drinks); tizanne (usually cold drinks) of lettuce or other refreshing vegetables; and baths with boiled leaves ( bain de feuille ), which are often used as natural sedatives. While it may be difficult to establish trust with Haitian families initially, such trust in the doctor-patient relationship is essential in obtaining their participation in the development of a treatment plan to which they will adhere. Clinicians should work to Query Sample | Scribendi disarm or to Customer Questionnaire Blank Feedback gain acceptance with parents and family members. It may be helpful to Letter learn a few words of Letter Template For Friend, Creole or tidbits of Haitian history, to be respectful of | Scribendi, combining benign natural remedies with conventional Western medicine, and to find ways to show respect for Developmental Milestones Images, the family's heritage. Engaging families in Letter Sample | Scribendi, supportive behavioral management approaches (see Table 2 ) can give them a sense of control and involvement that will help build adherence to other treatments recommended. Cultural sensitivity is essential in dealing with not only Haitian patients but also patients from various cultural and ethnic backgrounds. One definition of cultural competency is #x0201c;a set of congruent attitudes, behaviors, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or amongst professionals and enables them to work effectively in Writing Examples Service, cross-cultural situations.#x0201d; 43 Haitians, like most immigrant patients, need sympathetic advice and help from their physicians, as they often feel governmental agencies such as the Query Letter | Scribendi, local department of Letter Template For Friend -, social services place a great deal of pressure on them to either medicate their children or move their children to other school systems.

In direct contrast, it is Query Letter Sample | Scribendi also important not to #x0201c;overemphasize#x0201d; a patient's culture when considering a diagnosis and treatment. While many of the barriers listed above may be relevant for some patients, culture is only one factor in their understanding of Sample Resume For Administrative Assistant, their illness. Educational, social, economic, and Letter individual factors may also hold relevance. Because the interface of psychiatric disorders#x02014;in this case ADHD#x02014;and culture is complex, it is Sample, Example a useful context for examining the integration of psychiatric and primary care. While there are a number of models of Query Letter, such primary care and Sample Resume Objectives For Administrative | Best behavioral integration, one, called #x0201c;primary mental health care,#x0201d; 44#x02013;47 is particularly useful in managing families from | Scribendi other cultures. The goal of this approach is to resolve problems within the primary care service context: #x0201c;primary mental health#x0201d; is designed to support the ongoing behavioral health interventions of the Template, primary care provider. This model of behavioral health care is consistent with the philosophy, service goals, and health care strategies of primary care. This approach involves making psychiatric consultative services available to primary care providers and Query Sample | Scribendi allows for behavioral health and primary care comanagement of Reservation Samples Example, patients who require more concentrated services, but nevertheless can be managed in primary care. Both consultative and Sample condensed specialty treatment services are delivered as first-line interventions for primary care patients who have behavioral health needs.

In summary, there are several options for 73 Best Developmental Images | Speech, assisting Mr. A and his family and Query other Haitian children and adults with ADHD: Drug names: atomoxetine (Strattera), desipramine (Norpramin and others), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, and - Free Sample, Example others), imipramine (Tofranil and others), methylphenidate (Metadate, Ritalin, and others), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl, and others). The authors acknowledge Jean-Robert Boisrond, Coordinator of the Haitian Health Institute at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., for assistance in preparation of the case and for Sample, commitment to the special needs of the Haitian people. Cultural Currents presents clinical experience derived from the practices of clinicians caring for patients and families whose cultural backgrounds are outside of the For Customer Service - Template, mainstream of Letter | Scribendi, society. At times, those very clinicians will be in the position to provide rich insights afforded by their own unique cultural backgrounds. These case reports and commentaries provide knowledge and strategies helpful in the clinical encounter with patients from other cultures.

This article is based on Developmental Images On Pinterest a Grand Rounds presented at Query Letter | Scribendi, the Department of Family Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., on Sept. 16, 2003. The authors received no direct support related to this article. Dr. 73 Best Developmental Images? Culpepper has been a consultant for Eli Lilly. Drs.

Prudent, Johnson, and Query Letter | Scribendi Carroll report no financial or other relationship relevant to the subject of this article.

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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to Letter find a job now than it’s been in decades. Customer Service Blank Feedback? That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of Query Sample | Scribendi snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and Writing, experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online.

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Acquire as much information as you can about the Sample | Scribendi position. If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by reviewing the For Personal Reasons Cv Cover website or even calling and asking for Query Letter, details. The more you know about your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for Developmental Milestones Images, education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. | Scribendi? Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the Letter Template For Friend - bulk of your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the Query | Scribendi extent of your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’.

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Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of Sample For Administrative professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of Query | Scribendi your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to Resume Writing Examples For Customer - Template call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested.

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Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in Letter For Friend, the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in Query Letter, this career, find the Resignation Letter Sample For Personal Reasons | Resume Cv Cover one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Query Letter | Scribendi? Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here. A fourth and For Friend, even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page.

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Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the Reference Letter - pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at Query Sample | Scribendi, your sole risk.