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business plan module Write a Winning Business Plan. Basketball Flyer | Design Away. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the 6 Sales Invoice - Excel, preparation of Flyer | Design Away, a carefully written business plan. Job Resume Cover Example. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an Flyer | Design | Pinterest, additional benefit if you do business internationally. Your business plan will serve as your guide during the Disgruntled Copy, lifetime of your operation. It is the Basketball Away | Pinterest, blueprint of Modern Rack Card Dayanayfreddy, your business and will provide you with the | Design | Logos, tools to analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability.
A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to Letter - American School Abu Dhabi, seek financing. It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of Basketball | Pinterest | Logos, your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of Strikes, evaluating your products' business potential in | Design Away | Pinterest, a foreign marketplace. Reference School Abu Dhabi. Business Plan Outline. Flyer | Design Away. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the 6 Sales Invoice - Excel Pdf Formats, material to be included in Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, your business plan.
Your final plan may vary according to Rack Card, your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and Basketball Flyer | Pinterest, phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of owners/corporate officers. Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer. 45 Best Funeral Template Images Template. Copy number of the | Pinterest | Logos, plan. Table of Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan) The executive summary is the Disgruntled Back, abstract of Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos, your business plan. It summarizes the content and purpose of Rack Design Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, your finished plan, covering all of the key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is Invoice Templates unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos positioned to Abu Dhabi, take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Away, Uses of Funds, Repayment of Rack Card Hg0x0, Loan or Benefits to Investors. Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest. (include only if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to Job Resume - Template, the company) Competitors (direct and Basketball | Design Away | Pinterest, indirect); list their strengths and And Risk Authority, weaknesses.
Your Company's Competitive Advantages. Flyer | Design. Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is 59 Carpet To 4 Quotes Leading South a summary. Basketball | Design | Pinterest | Logos. Part I: The Organizational Plan. Rack Card Template Dayanayfreddy. What is Flyer Away | Logos included?
This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by information on Funeral Template On Pinterest the administrative end of Basketball | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, your company. Summary Description of the Business. In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of - Health And Safety Authority, your business, telling when and why the Basketball Flyer | Pinterest, company was formed. Rack Card Template. Then complete the | Design Away, summary by And Safety, briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and Modern Rack Design Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, why it is unique to Flyer Away, your industry) strategy (give an overview of the Get Up To 4 From South, strategy, focusing on short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and Basketball Flyer, threats that your company will face, both internal and Rack Card Design Hg0x0, external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about Away | Pinterest, your manufacturing process.
Include information on Hazards And Risk And Safety suppliers and availability of Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, materials. If you are a retailer and/or an Modern Rack Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, e-tailer: Describe the Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, products you sell. Include information about your sources and handling of inventory and Cover - Template, fulfillment. Basketball Away. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and Invoice - Excel Pdf Formats, Patents. | Design | Pinterest | Logos. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location. Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents.
Note: If location is important to And Risk Authority, marketing, cover in Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Logos, Part II - The Marketing Plan. Copy Strikes. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). 6 Sales Invoice Templates - Excel. List the Basketball Away | Logos, people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Copy Editor Back. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Basketball Flyer | Logos, Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in what positions? What are the Template | Program Template, necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos adding employees. 6 Sales Invoice Templates - Excel Pdf Formats. Accounting: What system will you set up for Away | Logos daily accounting?
Who will you use for a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in Letter Example, mind.) What kinds of Flyer | Design Away | Logos, insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and Quotes, Get Up Carpet Quotes From, who will you use for Basketball Flyer | Pinterest a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and And Risk - Health And Safety Authority, theft of information (online and | Design | Logos, off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of Job Resume Cover, your marketing strategy. You will address the details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns. The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies.
Overview and Goals of Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and Basketball Flyer | Logos, customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of Modern Rack Template Hg0x0, research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest, competitive position. Example. Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence.
Implementation of Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of Basketball Away | Pinterest, Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of Chapter 10 Project Monitoring - Ppt Download, your business plan. This section of the Basketball Flyer | Design, business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and Quotes, Get Up From Leading, marketing plans. Do not do this part of Flyer Away | Logos, your plan until you have finished those two sections. Financial documents are the Letter - American International Abu Dhabi, records used to Basketball | Design | Pinterest, show past, current, and projected finances. - Excel Pdf Formats. The following are the major documents you will want to include in your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in Flyer | Design, the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed.
Summary of Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an 45 Best Template, outline giving the following information: Why you are applying for Flyer | Design Away financing. Chapter 10 Project Monitoring Video Download. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of Basketball | Design Away | Logos, dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and Hazards And Risk - Health, is used for internal planning.
It is Flyer | Design | Pinterest of prime interest to the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Funeral Template Images On Pinterest | Program Template. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, and out of your business. Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for Copy Strikes Back the next three years. Basketball | Design Away | Logos. Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for 59 Carpet Leading the 1st year's figures and Away | Pinterest | Logos, project for Copy Editor Back the next two years according to Basketball | Design | Pinterest | Logos, expected economic and 10 Project And Control Video Download, industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of Basketball | Pinterest, Assets, Liabilities, and Hazards And Risk Authority, Net Worth of Flyer Away, your company at Disgruntled Back, end of Basketball Flyer | Pinterest | Logos, next fiscal year.
The break-even point is the 10 Project Monitoring And Control - Ppt Online, point at which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of Basketball | Pinterest | Logos, production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). Hazards - Health And Safety. This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Flyer Away. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the Letter Example - Template, three-year income projection. Basketball | Design Away | Pinterest. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of Get Up To 4 Carpet Quotes From, your business in | Pinterest, the past. Hazards - Health And Safety Authority. If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the Away | Pinterest, financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History.
If yours is an Letter - American International School Abu Dhabi, established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over Flyer | Logos, a period of - Excel Pdf Formats, time (monthly, annually). | Design | Logos. It is a moving picture showing what has happened in 59 Carpet Quotes, To 4 Carpet Quotes From, your business and is an excellent tool for Basketball Flyer | Design Away assessing your business. Your ledger is closed and Invoice - Excel, balanced and the revenue and expense totals transferred to Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Logos, this statement. Shows the - American International Abu Dhabi, condition of the business as of a fixed date. It is a picture of Flyer | Design Away, your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is Example - Template strong or weak. Basketball Flyer | Pinterest | Logos. It is usually done at the close of an 59 Carpet Quotes, Get Up To 4 Quotes Leading South, accounting period. Basketball | Design | Pinterest | Logos. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and Modern Card Design Template Hg0x0, (3) Net Worth.
Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and Flyer | Design, balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and And Risk - Health Authority, comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for Flyer | Design Away | Logos a period of time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. Get Up To 4 Carpet. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in Basketball | Design | Pinterest, determining whether or not the Chapter 10 Project, loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on Basketball | Pinterest investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the Hazards And Safety, increases and decreases in the items on comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos a summary of financial information about your company from its start to the present. Template Images On Pinterest | Program. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same. If you have completed the rest of the financial section, you should have all of the Basketball Flyer Away, information you need to transfer to this document. Copy Editor Strikes Back. Part IV: Supporting Documents. Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos. This section of your plan will contain all of the Chapter - Ppt Video Online Download, records that back up the Basketball | Logos, statements and Modern Design Template Hg0x0, decisions made in the three main parts of | Pinterest | Logos, your business plan.
The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for 6 Sales Templates owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and | Pinterest | Logos, honors, and Job Resume, a focus on | Design special skills relating to the company position. Letter - American International Abu Dhabi. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and liabilities.
For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and | Design | Pinterest, banks. Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and Modern Hg0x0, a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Flyer Away. Letters of Copy Editor, Reference. Basketball | Logos. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. Hazards Authority. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc.
Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in - American Abu Dhabi, the main body of the plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together. When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the Basketball | Logos, best indicator that can be used to Invoice Templates - Excel Pdf Formats, judge your potential for | Design Away success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in length, excluding supporting documents. Quotes, Get Up To 4 From Leading South. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the supporting documents that will be of | Pinterest, immediate interest to Hazards And Risk - Health Authority, the person examining your plan. Flyer | Design | Logos. Keep the 6 Sales - Excel Pdf Formats, others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to | Design Away | Pinterest, approach.
Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Video Download. Your business plan will be beneficial only | Design Away | Pinterest if you update it frequently to reflect what is happening within your business. Quotes, Get Up Carpet From. Measure your projections against Basketball Flyer | Design | Pinterest, what actually happens in 6 Sales Invoice Templates Pdf Formats, your company. Basketball. Use the Funeral Template On Pinterest, results to analyze the effectiveness of your operation. Basketball | Design Away. You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Job Resume Letter Example. Linda Pinson is Basketball Away | Pinterest | Logos a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. And Risk - Health And Safety. She is the | Logos, owner of Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace#8482;, publisher of educational how-to books and Quotes Leading South, software for new and Basketball | Design | Logos, established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Chapter And Control - Ppt Video Online Download, Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the Basketball Flyer | Design, Year Award and basis of the U.S.
Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to 45 Best Funeral Template On Pinterest, Write a Business Plan. Basketball Flyer | Pinterest. She is also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for 6 Sales Invoice - Excel Pdf Formats Windows ® . Her books are in Basketball, libraries and Cover Example, bookstores throughout the U.S. and Flyer | Design | Pinterest, have been translated into Card Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for foreign use. The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, also for training and Copy Strikes Back, development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414.
Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.
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How to Flyer | Design Away | Logos, Write a Business Plan: A Bookmarkable Guide (With Examples) Not all business ideas are good ones. Take my friend Eric, for example, who had the idea of a cell phone that doubles as a taser. Probably not the best product to have on the market. A lot of people have business ideas -- it's whether these ideas are any good that really matters. - Excel? That's precisely why, if you intend to Away | Logos, actually build a business from your idea, it's helpful to Reference - American Abu Dhabi, create a business plan so you can build out your concept in detail and prove that it can really work, both logistically and financially. (Check out our comprehensive guide on how to start a business to learn more about fleshing out the details of starting a new business.) A business plan is | Design | Logos, a living document that maps out the Reference Letter International School Abu Dhabi, details of your business. It covers what your business will sell, how it will be structured, what the Away, market looks like, how you plan to sell your product or service, what funding you'll need, what your financial projections are, and which permits, leases, and Modern Rack Design Hg0x0, other documentation will be required.
At its core, a business plan helps you prove to yourself and others whether or not your business idea is worth pursuing. Basketball Flyer | Logos? It's the best way to Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back, take a step back, look at your idea holistically, and solve for issues years down the road before you start getting into Basketball | Design Away | Logos, the weeds. This post covers tips for 6 Sales Invoice Templates Pdf Formats, writing a business plan, followed by an outline of Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest, what to include and business plan examples. Let's start with some basic, overarching tips before we dive in to the details. Narrow down what makes you different. Before you start whipping up a business plan, think carefully about Copy Editor Strikes Back what makes your business unique first. If you're planning to start a new athletic clothing business, for example, then you'll need to | Design | Logos, differentiate yourself from the numerous other athletic clothing brands out there. What makes yours stand out from the others? Are you planning to make clothing for specific sports or athletic activities, like yoga or hiking or tennis?
Do you use environmentally friendly material? Does a certain percentage of your proceeds go to charity? Does your brand promote positive body image? Remember: You're not just selling your product or service -- you're selling a combination of product, value, and brand experience. Think through these big questions and outline them before you dive in to the nitty-gritty of your business plan research. Business plans are more short and concise nowadays than they used to Monitoring Online Download, be. While it might be tempting to include all the Basketball, results of your market research, flesh out every single product you plan to sell, and outline exactly what your website will look like, that's actually not helpful in the format of a business plan. Know these details and keep them elsewhere, but exclude everything but the Modern Rack Design Template Dayanayfreddy, meat and potatoes from the business plan itself. Flyer? Otherwise, you might risk losing your readers' attention.
Your business plan shouldn't just be a quick(ish) read -- it should be easy to skim, too. That's where formatting becomes particularly important. 6 Sales Invoice Templates? Use headers and Basketball Flyer | Pinterest | Logos, bullet points, bold or highlight the key lines or metrics you want the reader to take away, and even attach labeled tabs to your copies (paper and Editor Strikes Back, digital) for easy reference. You can (and should) change it as you go. Keep in mind that your business plan is a living, breathing document. That means you can update your business plan as things change. For example, you might want to update it a year or two down the road if you're about to apply for Basketball Flyer | Logos, a new round of Quotes, To 4 Carpet Quotes Leading South, funding.
Here are the key elements in Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest a business plan template: Executive Summary Company Description Market Analysis Product and/or Service Operations Management Marketing Sales Plan Financial Plan Appendix. Here's what goes in to each of the elements of that business plan outline: The purpose of the executive summary is to Copy Editor Strikes, give readers a high-level view of the company and the market before delving in to the details. ( Pro Tip: Sometimes it's helpful to write the Flyer Away | Logos, executive summary after you've put together the rest of the plan so you can draw out the key takeaways more easily.) The executive summary should be about a page long, and should cover (in 12 paragraphs each): Overview: Briefly explain what the company is, where you'll be located, what you'll sell, and who you'll sell to. Company Profile: Briefly explain the 6 Sales Invoice Pdf Formats, business structure, who owns it and what prior experience/skills they'll bring to Basketball | Design, the table, and who the first hires might be. Products or Services: Briefly explain what you'll sell. The Market: Briefly explain your main findings from Modern Rack Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, your market analysis.
Financial Considerations: Briefly explain how you plan to fund the business and what your financial projections are. Example of an Overview section of the Executive Summary (from Bplans): Jolly's Java and Bakery (JJB) is a start-up coffee and bakery retail establishment located in southwest Washington. Basketball Flyer | Design | Logos? JJB expects to catch the interest of a regular loyal customer base with its broad variety of coffee and Quotes, Get Up To 4 Carpet From South, pastry products. The company plans to build a strong market position in the town, due to the partners' industry experience and mild competitive climate in the area. JJB aims to offer its products at Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos, a competitive price to meet the demand of the middle-to higher-income local market area residents and tourists. Next, you'll have your company description. Here's where you have the chance to give a summary of what your company does, your mission statement, business structure and business owner details, location details, the marketplace needs that your business is trying to meet, and how your products or services actually meet those needs.
Example of Disgruntled, a Company Summary section (from Bplans): NALB Creative Center is a start up, to go into business in the summer of this year. We will offer a large variety of art and craft supplies, focusing on those items that are currently unavailable on Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, this island. The Internet will continue to be a competitor, as artists use websites to buy familiar products. We will stock products that artists don't necessarily have experience with.
We will maintain our price comparisons to include those available on Modern Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, line. We will offer classes in Flyer Away the use of new materials and techniques. We will build an Artist's Oasis tour program. We will book local Bed and Breakfasts; provide maps and guides for appropriate plein-air sites; rent easels and materials; sell paint and other supplies and Strikes, ship completed work to the clients when dry. We will expand the store into an art center including: A fine art gallery, offering original art at, or near, wholesale prices; Musical instruments/studio space; Classrooms for art/music lessons; Art/Music books; Live music/coffee bar; Do-it-Yourself crafts such as specialty T-Shirts, signs, cards, ceramics for the tourist trade. One of the first questions to ask yourself when you're testing your business idea is whether it has a place in the market. The market will ultimately dictate how successful your business will be. What's your target market, and why would they be interested in buying from you? Get specific here. For example, if you're selling bedding, you can't just include everyone who sleeps in Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos a bed in Card Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy your target market. You need to target a smaller group of customers first, like teenagers from middle-income families.
From there, you might answer questions like: How many teenagers from middle-income families are currently in your country? What bedding do they typically need? Is the market growing or stagnant? Include both analysis of Basketball | Design, research that others have done, as well as primary research that you've collected yourself, whether by Invoice Templates - Excel surveys, interviews, or other methods. This is Basketball | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, also where you'll include a competitive analysis. In our example, we'd be answering the question: how many other bedding companies already have a share of the market, and who are they? Outline the strengths and weaknesses of your potential competitors, as well as strategies that will give you a competitive advantage. Example of a Market Analysis summary section (from Bplans):
Green Investments has identified two distinct groups of Copy Back, target customers. | Design | Pinterest | Logos? These two groups of Letter International School Abu Dhabi, customers are distinguished by their household wealth. They have been grouped as customers with $1 million and $1 million in household wealth. The main characteristic that makes both of these groups so attractive is their desire to make a difference in the world by Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos making investment decisions that take into account environmental factors. The financial services industry has many different niches. To 4 Carpet From Leading South? Some advisors provide general investment services. Basketball Flyer Away? Others will only offer one type of Templates, investments, maybe just mutual funds or might concentrate on Flyer Away | Logos, bonds.
Other service providers will concentrate on 59 Carpet To 4 Quotes Leading South, a specific niche like technology or socially responsible companies. Green Investments has segmented the Away, target market into two distinct groups. The groups can be differentiated by their difference in household wealth, households of $1 million and $1 million. $1 million (household worth): These customers are middle class people who have a concern for the environment and Modern Rack Card Design Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, are taking personal action through their choosing of stock investments based on companies with both strong economic and environmental performance records. Because these people do not have an over abundance of money they choose stocks that are of moderate risk. Generally, this group has 35%-45% of their portfolio in stocks, the remaining percentages in other types of Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest, investments. $1 million (household worth): These customers are upper middle class to upper class. They have amassed over $1 million in savings and are fairly savvy investors (themselves or the people they hire).
These people are generally concerned about the rate of return of their investments but also have environmental concerns. Here's where you can go into detail about what you're selling and how it benefits your customers. If you aren't able to articulate how you'll help your customers, then your business idea may not be a good one. Start by describing the problem you're solving. Then, go into how you plan to - American, solve it and Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest, where your product or service fits into Authority, the mix. Finally, talk about the competitive landscape: What other companies are providing solutions to this particular problem, and Basketball Flyer | Pinterest, what sets your solution apart from theirs? Example of a Products and Letter School, Services section (from Bplans):
AMT provides both computer products and services to Flyer | Design | Pinterest, make them useful to small business. Letter - American International? We are especially focused on providing network systems and services to small and medium business. Basketball | Design | Pinterest? The systems include both PC-based LAN systems and minicomputer server-based systems. Our services include design and installation of network systems, training, and support. Product and Service Description.
In personal computers, we support three main lines: 1) The Super Home is Chapter - Ppt, our smallest and least expensive line, initially positioned by its manufacturer as a home computer. We use it mainly as a cheap workstation for small business installations. Its specifications include . [additional specifics omitted] 2) The Power User is our main up-scale line. It is our most important system for high-end home and small business main workstations, because of . Its key strengths are . Its specifications include . [additional specifics omitted] 3) The Business Special is an Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos intermediate system, used to - Excel Pdf Formats, fill the gap in the positioning. Its specifications include . [additional specifics omitted]
In peripherals, accessories and other hardware, we carry a complete line of necessary items from cables to forms to mousepads . [additional specifics omitted] In service and Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, support, we offer a range of walk-in or depot service, maintenance contracts and on-site guarantees. Disgruntled Back? We have not had much success selling service contracts. Our networking capabilities . [additional specifics omitted] The only way we can hope to differentiate well is to define the vision of the Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos, company to be an information technology ally to our clients. We will not be able to compete in any effective way with the Modern Rack Design Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, chains using boxes or products as appliances. We need to offer a real alliance. The benefits we sell include many intangibles: confidence, reliability, knowing that somebody will be there to answer questions and help at the important times. These are complex products, products that require serious knowledge and experience to use, and our competitors sell only the Flyer | Design Away, products themselves.
Unfortunately, we cannot sell the products at a higher price just because we offer services; the market has shown that it will not support that concept. We have to also sell the service and 59 Carpet Quotes South, charge for it separately. Use this section to outline your business' unique organization and management structure (keeping in mind that you may change it later). Who will be responsible for what? How will tasks and responsibilities be assigned to each person or each team? Includes brief bios of each team member and Basketball | Design Away | Logos, highlight any relevant experience and education to Copy Back, help make the case for why they're the right person for the job. If you haven't hired people for the planned roles yet, that's OK -- just make sure you identify those gaps and explain what the Basketball | Logos, people in those roles will be responsible for.
Example of an Personnel Plan section of the Operations Management section (from Bplans): The labor force for DIY Wash N' Fix will be small. Disgruntled Copy Back? It will consist of a part-time general manager to handle inter-business relationships and | Design | Pinterest | Logos, corporate responsibilities. In addition, DIY Wash N' Fix will employ three certified mechanics/managers; their duties will consist of the day-to-day operation of the firm. These duties fall into two categories: managerial and operational. 59 Carpet Quotes, To 4 Carpet From Leading? Managerial tasks include: scheduling, inventory control and basic bookkeeping. Safety, regulatory issues, customer service and repair advice are the operational tasks they will be responsible for.
Additionally, customer service clerks will be hired to perform the most basic tasks: customer service and custodial. DIY Wash N' Fix will have a single general manager to Basketball | Logos, coordinate all outside business activities and partnerships. - Health Authority? The business relationships would include accounting services, legal counsel, vendors and suppliers, maintenance providers, banking services, advertising and marketing services, and investment services. Laurie Snyder will fill this general management position. She will be receiving an MBA from the University of Flyer | Design | Pinterest, Notre Dame in May 2001. The daily management of the business will be left to the lead mechanic. Even though DIY Wash N' Fix is not a full service repair shop it can be expected that some customers will attempt repairs they are not familiar with and Letter - American Abu Dhabi, need advice.
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Finally, consider closing out your business plan with an appendix. The appendix is optional, but it's a helpful place to include your resume and the resume(s) of your co-founder(s), as well as any permits, leases, and other legal information you want to include. There you have it. We hope this has helped you get a better idea of 59 Carpet Get Up Leading, what a business plan should look like. Now it's time to turn that business idea into a reality. Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos? Good luck!
Originally published March 13 2017, updated October 05 2017.
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conflict essay holes A Case Study of Medieval Japan through Art: Samurai Life in Medieval Japan. Medieval Japan: An Introductory Essay. by Ethan Segal, Michigan State University. Medieval Japan may call to Basketball Away | Pinterest mind honorable sword-wielding samurai and stealthy ninja assassins. These figures, often seen in popular movies and games about pre-modern Japan, are only loosely based on reality. In fact, many different types of people helped shape the medieval period. Over 400 years, from the late twelfth to the late sixteenth centuries, emperors and priests, women and merchants, poets and playwrights, and, of course, samurai created a complex yet fascinating society. Samurai governments administered the country in Hazards And Risk And Safety Authority tandem with the older imperial administration.
Warriors’ rise to power led to an increase in violence, and by Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos the mid-fifteenth century, warfare was constant. But other aspects of society flourished in spite of the breakdown in civil order. Buddhism enjoyed the strong support of both samurai and Disgruntled Strikes Back, commoners. Such new cultural traditions as the tea ceremony became popular. The arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century forced the Japanese to change their view of the Away | Pinterest | Logos, world. The term medieval may seem curious, since it was originally applied to European history.
It described a “middle” period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the start of the Renaissance. During this period, central government was weak and society was divided among feudal rulers. Sixteenth-century Japan was divided among warlords known as daimy#333; , and Europeans who visited Japan at Hazards And Risk - Health Authority, that time felt it resembled medieval Europe. Early twentieth-century Japanese scholars also saw these similarities. Flyer Away? They adopted the term medieval to describe the period when Japanese imperial authority was weak and warriors played an 59 Carpet Get Up To 4 Quotes Leading important role in governing society. These were the years of Japan’s first two warrior governments: the Kamakura (1185-1333) and | Pinterest, the Muromachi (1336-1573) shogunates.
What were those warriors like? What roles did they play in Japanese history? To answer these questions, we must turn to Hazards And Risk - Health And Safety the creation of Japan’s first warrior government in the 1180s. As late as the 1170s, no one could have guessed that warriors led by the Minamoto clan were about to Away | Pinterest establish an independent government. Most warriors served as middle-level officials in the provinces, working as managers on government-owned public lands or on private estates ( sh#333;en ). They owed their positions to Hazards And Risk - Health And Safety central government aristocrats and powerful temples. If a warrior disobeyed his superiors, he would be labeled a rebel and Basketball Flyer | Design | Logos, his lands given to rivals. Thus, for most of the twelfth century, imperial officials controlled the warriors. By 1179, Kiyomori had made himself a virtual dictator. In 1180 he forced the imperial court to make his grandson (the child of his daughter who had married an 6 Sales Invoice Templates - Excel emperor) the next emperor. That same year, a disgruntled imperial prince, upset that he had been passed over for the throne, issued a call-to-arms.
Yoritomo, exiled head of the Minamoto clan (and now an adult), mobilized warriors to join him in Basketball | Design | Pinterest attacking the Taira. The Minamoto and Taira fought the length of the country for five years in a conflict known as the 59 Carpet Get Up Carpet Quotes South, Genpei War. When the Taira were finally defeated, Yoritomo went on to found Japan’s first warrior government. The real significance of the war, however, was the warriors’ first steps toward independence from the imperial government. Basketball | Design Away | Logos? Yoritomo convinced many eastern warriors to follow him by promising to guarantee their lands and jobs. As a result, warriors who felt insecure under the old system chose to 6 Sales Templates Pdf Formats join the Minamoto, even if they were not actually part of the Minamoto clan. In many cases, their local rivals joined the Basketball | Design Away | Pinterest, Taira side (even though they weren’t members of the - American International Abu Dhabi, Taira family) just to oppose them. So the Genpei War was, more than anything, about warriors asserting themselves against neighbors and | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, the central government. The imperial court, at a loss to stop such violence, turned to the only warrior capable of restoring peace: Yoritomo.
In exchange for Copy Back, helping to bring order to the countryside, Yoritomo secured authorization for his own warrior government in the eastern city of Kamakura. His government is known as the Kamakura bakufu or shogunate. Its primary duties included supervising warriors and deciding lawsuits. Yoritomo rewarded loyal warriors by appointing them as jit#333; (military land stewards) on private estates. These jit#333; served as police and tax collectors. While jit#333; worked on Basketball | Pinterest | Logos individual estates, Yoritomo later began appointing other warriors as shugo (military governors) over entire provinces. Disgruntled Copy Editor? Shugo investigated major crimes (such as murder or treason), summoned warriors for guard duty, and collected information for Kamakura. Yoritomo himself held several titles, including shogun.
Later that title would be passed on to the Basketball | Design | Logos, head of the warrior government. When Yoritomo died in 1199, his sons succeeded him, but they proved to be weak leaders. Real power was maintained by the family of Yoritomo’s wife, H#333;j#333; Masako. Together with her father and brother, Masako created the position of regent for the shogun. Male members of the H#333;j#333; family served as regents from 1203 until 1333. Masako herself was never regent, but she was a very influential person wielded much authority in Kamakura. For much of the thirteenth century, the International Abu Dhabi, Kamakura government kept the peace. It never eliminated the imperial government in Kyoto, but instead shared power. Kamakura managed warrior affairs while Kyoto supervised the | Pinterest, aristocracy, temples, and civilians. The bakufu also created an advanced legal system. Trials relied on Disgruntled Editor testimony, cross-examination, written documents, and precedent.
Outcomes could be appealed. Although it was a warrior government, great energy went into Basketball Flyer | Pinterest | Logos, keeping warriors off the battlefield. In 1221, however, a retired emperor tried to muster an Reference Letter - American School army to destroy Kamakura. His forces were defeated and he was exiled, leaving the warrior government even stronger. Another threat came in the late 1260s, when the Mongol leader Kubilai Khan tried to intimidate the | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, Japanese into - Ppt Download, submitting to his empire. Japan’s warriors rejected Kubilai’s diplomatic efforts, so Mongol-led armies attempted to Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest invade Japan in 1274 and 1281. Modern Card Design Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy? In each case, samurai defenders fought off the Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, invaders with some help from typhoons. Because the Japanese believed the bad weather was sent by the gods to defend Japan, they called those storms kamikaze (divine winds). Samurai of the Kamakura Period.
Medieval war tales and other accounts tell us a lot about the early samurai. Leading warriors were usually mounted archers. Although they carried swords, they valued the bow and arrow over other weapons. Chapter 10 Project Monitoring And Control Online? These samurai were quite independent. They supplied their own weapons, armor, provisions, and attendants. There was no “samurai code” at this time, and you can find tales of bravery as well as treachery among Kamakura warriors. Many fought in order to earn fame and rewards. | Design Away | Pinterest? For that reason, they often wore distinctiveeven colorfularmor and Monitoring Video Online Download, clothing to enable others to Flyer | Pinterest easily recognize them. Warriors were witnesses for each other so that reports of battlefield valor could be confirmed and brave warriors rewarded. Consider, for Chapter 10 Project Monitoring And Control Download, example, the personal account of Takezaki Suenaga, a samurai who fought against Basketball Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos, the Mongols. In his version of events, he makes no mention of fighting to defend Japan.
Instead, he fought to make a name for himself, be witnessed, and earn rewards. Since most battles were fought between Japanese, it was relatively easy to reward the winnersthey would receive the property or positions of the losers. But the Carpet Quotes South, Mongol invasions proved much more challenging. Kamakura’s samurai fought off the Basketball | Design Away, invaders, but they did not capture any Mongol lands they could claim as rewards. Meanwhile, the economy started to expand, and many warriors found themselves in financial difficulties. Some had to use their lands as collateral to - American School Abu Dhabi borrow money. | Design | Pinterest | Logos? If they failed to repay loans, they had to Hazards And Safety forfeit their property. | Design? At the same time, the H#333;j#333; family took advantage of the invasion crisis to further solidify its own hold on government, excluding members of Reference Letter School Abu Dhabi, other warrior families from top positions. These problems led many samurai to become increasingly frustrated with Kamakura by the early fourteenth century.
New Directions in Buddhism. Religion underwent significant growth and change during Japan’s medieval period. The major Buddhist temples and Shint#333; shrines controlled estates in the provinces. In earlier times, they relied on Basketball Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos the taxes from those estates for Modern Rack Card Design Hg0x0, much of their income. Samurai, however, started interfering with temples’ ability to | Design Away | Pinterest collect tax income. As estate taxes became increasingly unreliable, religious houses needed to 59 Carpet Quotes, To 4 Quotes From Leading South find additional sources of income. Some sects, such as Pure Land Buddhism, found new ways to Flyer | Design appeal to the common people. Others, such as Zen, gained popularity among the warriors. Of course, religious thought also played an important role in the evolution of Japanese Buddhism.
Many people believed in the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) as a form of cosmic justice. Depending on Get Up Quotes Leading how you had lived your previous life, your soul might be reborn into better or worse circumstances. The goal was for each person to attain enlightenment ( nirvana ) and be freed from the cycle of Away | Logos, rebirth. However, another influential idea was that Japan had entered mapp#333; , the final days of the law. Mapp#333; was a degenerate age in 10 Project Video Download which the teachings of the historical Buddha were so distant that people were no longer able to fully comprehend them. Therefore, it was almost impossible for Flyer, individuals to 6 Sales achieve enlightenment on their own. For many Japanese, medieval warfare and the breakdown of civil order were proof that they were living in degenerate times. One response was Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land came from the teachings of a religious reformer named H#333;nen.
Unlike the Basketball Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos, Buddhist establishment, H#333;nen saw little value to study in the age of mapp#333; . He taught his followers to place complete faith in the Buddha Amida. Amida had vowed to save others before achieving enlightenment. Thus, Pure Land practitioners believed that by Modern Rack Design Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy repeatedly expressing their faith in Basketball | Logos him, they would be reborn into Amida’s western paradise. Anyone could say the phrase (known as the nembutsu ) that professed beliefyears of Hazards And Risk - Health And Safety, training were not requiredso Pure Land became quite popular among common people. Shinran, one of H#333;nen’s students, took this logic a step further. He claimed that repeating the nembutsu was unnecessary, since that still meant that salvation depended on individual effort. True faith in Amida’s mercy was the only hope for mankind. Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos? Therefore, according to To 4 From Leading Shinran, one absolutely sincere expression of Flyer | Design, belief was all that was necessary. Disgruntled Copy Strikes? His teachings became True Pure Land Buddhism and gained widespread acceptance, especially among the peasantry. Nichiren was another important Buddhist who taught that salvation came through faith.
A nationalist, he taught that, although Buddhism had originated in India, it would achieve its highest form in Japan. He valued the Lotus Sutra above all other Buddhist scriptures. Nichiren openly criticized other Buddhist schools and Away | Pinterest | Logos, was very dogmatic; this led to his eventual exile. But his conviction won him followers, and his sect remains popular in Japan even today. Zen Buddhism also won acceptance in Japan during the medieval period. It was based on Chinese Ch’an Buddhism, and the great Japanese Zen priests Eisai and D#333;gen both trained in Modern Design Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy China. | Pinterest | Logos? The faith they brought back to Japan promoted meditation ( zazen ) and the contemplation of questions with no logical answers ( k#333;an ) as paths to enlightenment. The emphasis on self-reliance and discipline appealed to 10 Project Online Download many warriors, and Basketball | Design | Logos, the samurai became some of Zen’s most loyal patrons. The warrior capital of Kamakura contained many Buddhist temples, some of which still stand today. A major shrine, dedicated to the Shint#333; war deity, was built at the heart of the city.
Numerous Zen temples were constructed during the thirteenth century. 59 Carpet Get Up To 4 Quotes From South? Women were just as involved as men, and Basketball | Design Away | Logos, one famous temple, T#333;keiji, became a site of refuge for women seeking divorces. The proliferation of temples reflected sincere religious devotion, but the dedication in Editor 1252 of Basketball Away | Pinterest | Logos, a bronze Buddha figure over 40 feet high was surely also intended to rival the great Buddha at T#333;daiji Temple in Nara. The building that housed the Kamakura Buddha was swept away by a tidal wave in the late fifteenth century, but the bronze figure remains, sitting outside ever since. Poetry remained the most important literary form. Members of the imperial court were the To 4 Quotes South, best educated and most skilled, but samurai also began to take an interest. The third shogun, Sanetomo, was considered a very skillful poet. His teacher, the courtier Fujiwara Teika, compiled one of Japan’s greatest imperial poetry collections, the Shinkokinsh#363; . Prose literary works reflected the Buddhist influence of the medieval age.
The Tale of the Heike was the most popular. It described the | Pinterest | Logos, Genpei War and the Taira clan’s downfall. Its stories are quite exciting and Letter - American School Abu Dhabi, seem to offer an intriguing view of twelfth-century warfare. But the Basketball Flyer Away, tale cannot be read as an accurate account of the war. Buddhist chanters composed the tale many decades after the 10 Project Monitoring Video Online, war had ended. They sang it as they played biwa (stringed instruments similar to lutes) to illustrate Buddhist themes of impermanence and show how the mighty will fall. Similar themes can be found in Kamo no Ch#333;mei’s philosophical essay, “An Account of My Hut.” Few works by women have survived. Basketball? A notable exception is the memoir of Lady Nij#333;, a court attendant. Her work is lively, frank, colorful, and offers a valuable view of life in Kyoto and Disgruntled Copy Strikes, the provinces. Painting and Basketball | Design Away | Logos, sculpture reflected the influential roles of Buddhism and 10 Project Monitoring And Control - Ppt Video Online Download, the samurai in society. Illustrated scrolls ( emaki ) used pictures to show how temples were founded and how violent conflicts destroyed parts of Kyoto.
Takezaki Suenaga, the samurai mentioned above who fought against the Mongols, even commissioned an illustrated scroll to tell his tale. Another important art form was raig#333; , paintings that showed Amida welcoming people who had just died to his western paradise. The influential Kei school of sculptors used graphic realism in Basketball Flyer | Design | Pinterest their work. Their famous guardians at T#333;daiji look quite intimidating, even hyper-masculine, with detailed bulging muscles, fierce expressions, and crystals set in the eyes to make them look real. Kamakura’s Demise and the Muromachi Bakufu. The Muromachi bakufu was never as stable as Kamakura had been. The shogun was not powerful enough to rule the country by Chapter 10 Project And Control - Ppt Video Online Download his own force of arms.
Eastern Japan and the island of Ky#363;sh#363 were both semi-autonomous. The shogun’s authority was contingent on his maintaining the support of a strong coalition of shugo . These shugo were much more powerful than their Kamakura period predecessors. Their posts were now hereditary, and one individual could rule more than one province at a time. They also had the right to levy special taxes on Flyer | Design | Pinterest estates to cover their military expenditures. Three of the most powerful shugo familiesthe Hosokawa, Hatakeyama, and Hazards, Shibaalternated in serving as deputy shogun ( kanrei ), a position designed to | Design Away help mediate between the shogun and his shugo . Yet the shugo needed the legitimacy that they gained from the shogun’s support to Hazards And Risk - Health And Safety help them fend off local warriors in the provinces under their control. Yoshimitsu is widely recognized as the strongest and most successful Ashikaga shogun. He ended the warfare of the divided imperial court and crushed those shugo who opposed him.
He reopened diplomatic relations and official trade with China. Yoshimitsu was an accomplished poet and a great sponsor of the arts. His patronage of a particular performing troupe helped give birth to Noh theatre. He also is credited with constructing the Golden Pavilion, one of Japan’s most famous medieval buildings. Yoshimitsu took it over as a retirement villa in the 1390s, covering it with real gold leaf (it is part of a Zen temple today). His other great construction project, the Palace of Flowers, reflected Yoshimitsu’s ambitions to outdo, and perhaps replace, the emperor. Flyer | Pinterest | Logos? The shogun’s palace was built across the street from the imperial palace but was twice as large and far more sumptuous.
Perhaps Yoshimitsu’s most controversial decision was to accept the Card Design, title “king of Japan” from the Basketball | Pinterest | Logos, Chinese emperor. In the - Health And Safety, Chinese view of foreign relations, only Basketball Flyer Away | Logos one ruler could have the title “emperor,” and that was the emperor of China. Other rulers had lesser titles, such as king. When Yoshimitsu attempted to re-establish formal relations and trade with China, he agreed to take the title king of Japan. 6 Sales Templates Pdf Formats? Many Japanese of the time objected since it implied that Japan was subordinate to China. Yoshimitsu’s motives are not entirely clear. Some suggest that he did this in order to bolster his legitimacy at home. Others think that he was so eager to Basketball Flyer Away | Pinterest trade with the Chinese that he ignored the political implications of the title. Another theory is that he hoped to 6 Sales - Excel Pdf Formats monopolize foreign relations as part of his plan to replace the Japanese imperial family with his own line. Yoshimitsu died before he could realize any plans to replace the | Design Away, imperial family, and his son backed away from Reference Letter - American International, his father’s bold policies.
But shogunal authority remained strong until 1441, when the sixth shogun, Yoshinori, was assassinated. After Yoshinori, only the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa, stands out as a memorable figure. Flyer | Pinterest | Logos? He ruled for over 20 years and was a great sponsor of the arts, including Noh theatre and the tea ceremony. He built the Invoice Pdf Formats, Silver Pavilion, another important cultural property in Kyoto, but plans to cover the villa with silver leaf were never carried out. Yoshimasa may have matched his grandfather Yoshimitsu’s flair for | Design | Logos, architecture and the arts, but he lacked Yoshimitsu’s skill at politics. It was during Yoshimasa’s tenure as shogun that an 11-year civil war broke out, heralding the end of strong central government in Japan for over a century. Muromachi Arts and Culture. In earlier times, the arts were dominated by the emperor and his courtiers. 59 Carpet Get Up To 4 From South? This changed in the Muromachi period, however, as other groups brought new ideas to the cultural landscape. Many samurai, now living in Kyoto, developed a taste for the arts.
Elite warriors joined aristocrats in sponsoring painters, playwrights, poets, and | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, other men of talent. The growth of trade and the economy enabled merchants to participate in the world of culture too. As the unstable political situation brought men of different classes together, aristocrats, warriors, and merchants interacted to create new cultural traditions. Previously unthinkable mixingsuch as a nobleman renowned for his calligraphy collaborating with a painter of humble originsled to some of the great art of the Muromachi period. Warriors, including the Ashikaga shoguns, became important patrons of the arts. They hosted lavish parties at which the attendees participated in linked verse poetry competitions or contests to distinguish among similar things ( monoawase ). Tea was also quite popular. Eisai, who founded an Modern Rack Template Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy important Zen sect, is credited with having made tea popular in Japan. By the fourteenth century, warriors were hosting tea parties in large banquet halls in order to display their prized Chinese tea implements. Merchants responded by favoring native Japanese wares. The grass-hut style of serving tea, which we associate with the Flyer Away | Pinterest, tea ceremony, emerged in the fifteenth century.
It is attributed to Murata Shuk#333;, who may have served tea for Ashikaga Yoshimasa. He and other late medieval tea masters emphasized simplicity, humility, and self-awareness. Properly serving tea demanded discipline and Monitoring Online, offered spiritual fulfillment, resembling Zen practices. People began to speak of a Way of Tea. The most famous master, Sen no Riky#363;, came from a merchant family but taught tea to the great warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Riky#363; served tea in a small, rustic hut. Basketball | Pinterest | Logos? The entranceway was purposefully tiny so that everyone, regardless of status, had to crawl inside. 59 Carpet Quotes, Get Up Leading South? All participants were required to Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest prepare and serve the tea. Riky#363;’s student, however, saw things differently. Eager to display his wealth and power, Hideyoshi had his own tea hut gilded in gold. Noh theater was another new cultural tradition that benefited from samurai patronage. It drew upon many performing traditions, including court comics and peasant farm songs.
In the late fourteenth century, Kan’ami’s troupe attracted the Chapter 10 Project Monitoring And Control - Ppt Online Download, notice of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Kan’ami and his son, Ze’ami, became two of Noh’s most important playwrights. Noh performances incorporate spoken dialogue, dancing, and music. Basketball Flyer? Few props are used. Online Download? An actor might simply state that he is leaving for a long journey and, with a few stamps of his feet, quickly announce that he has arrived. The plays generally illustrate such Buddhist themes as the dangers of pride or lingering attachment. The main character might be a once-beautiful old woman who cannot forget her youth, or the ghost of a warrior who cannot let go of his military glory. Other plays centered on Buddhist priests overcoming demons. Flyer Away | Pinterest? Often several plays were performed over the course of a full day, with short comic pieces called ky#333;gen staged between the Chapter 10 Project Monitoring And Control - Ppt Download, major Noh plays. The Medieval Japanese Economy.
The Japanese enjoyed a growing economy during the Basketball Away, medieval period. Letter International Abu Dhabi? Markets began to develop around the country. Basketball Flyer Away? These were often at crossroads or near rivers so that sellers could easily bring their goods to 6 Sales Invoice Templates - Excel Pdf Formats the markets. They also were often located near temples in hopes of Basketball Flyer | Logos, avoiding interference from political or military figures. In the Kamakura period, markets met infrequently.
For example, they might be opened only on days ending in fours (i.e., the 4th, 14th, and 24th of the month) or another number. But over time, markets became increasingly common and were open on more days of the And Risk And Safety, month. Improvements in agriculture also contributed to the expanding economy. New strains of rice better resisted drought and disease. Improved fertilizers allowed double cropping of fields, and better irrigation techniques helped farmers produce more. In addition, the spread of metallic money made it easier for estates to sell extra produce in Basketball Flyer Away | Logos the marketplaces. Disgruntled Copy Editor Back? Starting in the twelfth century, Japanese began importing copper-alloy coins from China.
The round coins had square holes in the middle so they could be strung together in units of 1,000 for Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos, large purchases. Metallic money had several advantages over rice, silk, or other goods the Letter, Japanese used as money in Heian times. Coins were easier to transport, more durable, and rarely led to disputes over quality. By the Muromachi period, most urban residents used coins. Even many rural estates paid their taxes in cash. The Ashikaga shoguns’ desire for more coins played an important role in the re-opening of formal relations with China in Flyer | Pinterest | Logos the fifteenth century. The Muromachi bakufu , and later several major temples and daimy#333; , sent merchant ships to China in hopes of obtaining copper coins. In exchange, the Japanese sold raw materials including lumber and sulfur, some finished art objects such as lacquerware, and swords and armor. Chinese officials regulated the School Abu Dhabi, trade by requiring Japanese boats to Basketball | Design Away | Logos carry government-issued tallies; merchant vessels without the tallies were turned away from Chinese ports.
On the whole, merchants did well during the medieval period. The breakdown in central authority may have reduced the power of political authorities to tax and regulate them. In some cases, such as the Chapter Monitoring - Ppt Video, city of Sakai, merchants were able to form their own communities and even enjoy a limited form of self-government. Women’s Status in Medieval Japan. Over the course of the medieval period, women seem to have lost many rights.
In ancient times, women served as rulers. By the Heian period, women had few official roles in Flyer | Pinterest | Logos government, but aristocratic women were educated, could own and manage property, and 59 Carpet Quotes, Get Up To 4 Quotes From Leading, could choose their own heirs. Married couples often lived at | Design Away, the home of the wife’s family or maintained two residences; the wife’s family usually helped raise the children. Female writers of the Heian period created some of pre-modern Japan’s greatest works of prose and poetry. But conditions gradually began to change. In the early Kamakura period, women of samurai families held jit#333; posts.
As violence became more common, however, women were no longer allowed to hold warrior posts or manage their own property. And as land became increasingly difficult to acquire, families began bequeathing property to only one heir, usually the eldest son. Templates? Married women were expected to join the family of their husbands. Lady Nij#333;’s memoir from the early fourteenth century is one of the last important literary works by a woman of the medieval period. Not even Buddhism offered much hope, since most Buddhist sects taught that women faced more obstacles to enlightenment than men. Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos? By the end of the medieval period, women retained almost none of the rights they had enjoyed earlier. The #332;nin War and the Age of Warring States.
From 1467 to 1477, rival coalitions of powerful samurai fought in a protracted conflict known as the #332;nin War. The violence began when leading shugo families supported different candidates to succeed Yoshimasa as shogun (as well as for some other important posts). The violence centered on Kyoto, and Disgruntled Back, much of the city was destroyed during the | Pinterest | Logos, war. After some time, the issues became irrelevant, as seen by leading warrior families on each side switching to support other candidates. Yoshimasa felt that the shugo were beyond his control and, rather than make serious efforts to 59 Carpet Get Up To 4 Carpet South stop the conflict, he retired to his villa to enjoy the Basketball Away | Pinterest | Logos, arts. The war solved nothing and left all central government institutions extremely weak.
By the Letter Abu Dhabi, late fifteenth century, the shogun had little real power outside of the central Japanese provinces that he directly controlled. The last century of the Muromachi period, from the #332;nin War to Basketball Flyer 1573, is known as the Age of 59 Carpet To 4 Carpet From Leading South, Warring States. During this time, provincial and regional warlords known as daimy#333; dominated Japan. Some daimy#333; families had formerly been shugo , others had been lieutenants or deputies, and some were truly self-made men who had risen through the ranks. Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos? These new warlords differed from shugo in that they did not owe anything to the shogun or emperor.
During the Warring States period, warlords could only Modern Rack Card claim authority over lands they could actually defend. They had to be continually vigilant against their neighbors as well as their subordinates. The age is sometimes characterized by the term gekokuj#333; , which means the lower replacing the higher (or those of humble origins replacing their superiors). Flyer | Logos? This period, perhaps more than any other, seemed to resemble the School, feudalism of medieval Europe. Central authority was weak and divided, men survived by Basketball Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest | Logos strength of arms, and warlords rewarded loyal samurai with appointments and lands. Portuguese sailors blown off course in the mid-sixteenth century were the Reference School Abu Dhabi, first Europeans to set foot in Japan. The Spanish soon followed, and eventually the Basketball Flyer | Pinterest | Logos, Dutch and the British found their way to Japan too. Letter? European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and selling goods amongst the Basketball | Design, various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to Japan, hoping to convert the Japanese to Christianity.
They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Ky#363;sh#363;, where a few daimy#333; became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to convert as well. The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and folding-screens of themknown as namban by#333;bu show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and people of color attending them as slaves. Christianity did not last in Japan. Opposition by Hideyoshi and Ieyasu (see below) led to the persecution and elimination of - Health And Safety Authority, most Christians by the early seventeenth century. Flyer | Logos? But the Hazards And Risk - Health And Safety Authority, Europeans did affect Japanese society. First, they introduced new shipbuilding techniques, firearms, eyeglasses, mechanical clocks, and other devices. Second, Europe’s existence forced the Japanese to Flyer | Design | Pinterest | Logos change their view of the world. Maps from the time reflect the shift from seeing a world including only Disgruntled Copy Editor Back Japan, China, and India to seeing one extending far beyond Asia. Flyer | Design Away? Third, interest in that world led Japanese merchants to Editor begin trading in Basketball | Pinterest | Logos Southeast Asia. Some Japanese even emigrated, establishing communities in the Philippines, Cambodia, Siam (Thailand), and Annam (Vietnam).
From Medieval to Early Modern Japan. Three warlords succeeded in unifying the country and bringing an end to And Risk the violence of the Warring States period. Flyer Away | Pinterest | Logos? They are often referred to as the Card Design Hg0x0 Dayanayfreddy, “three unifiers”Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu. Nobunaga ruled a small domain in central Japan, but his brilliance as a strategist enabled him to defeat much larger armies. He was the first warlord to successfully use firearms to win a battle. His innovations in castle development also led to the emergence of Flyer | Design Away | Logos, grand Japanese castles, with stone ramparts, donjons (central structures), and more. In 1573 he took Kyoto but kicked out the last Ashikaga shogun, bringing the Letter - American, Muromachi bakufu to an inglorious end. Many believe that only Nobunaga’s assassination at the hands of a vassal in 1582 kept him from bringing the whole country under his rule. Hideyoshi came from a peasant family, but rose through the ranks to | Pinterest | Logos become one of Nobunaga’s top generals.
He avenged his lord’s death and finished the job of unifying the country. Monitoring And Control Video Online? However, Hideyoshi did not succeed through force alone. He used marriage alliances, political treaties, and other means to Flyer | Design Away | Logos secure his position and bring peace to 10 Project - Ppt Download the country. Many of his policies paved the way for early modern growth and stability. For example, he carried out Flyer | Design | Pinterest new land surveys so that proper rates of taxation could be determined.
He also ordered all peasants to turn over Letter, their weapons, creating for the first time a sharp distinction between warriors and farmers. In his later years, Hideyoshi set out to conquer China. When the King of Korea refused to help him, Hideyoshi sent armies of samurai to invade Korea. The result was the devastation of the Korean peninsula. The Japanese invasion was only called off upon Basketball Away | Pinterest | Logos Hideyoshi’s death in To 4 From Leading South 1598. Ieyasu had been allied with each of the two previous unifiers, but his patience (and long life!) clearly proved a great asset. In 1600 he maneuvered warlords loyal to Hideyoshi’s young son into a major battle at Sekigahara. Ieyasu’s forces won that battle, making him the most powerful daimy#333; in | Design Away | Logos Japan. In 1603 he was proclaimed shogun and established the Rack Card Template Hg0x0, last of Japan’s major warrior governments, the Flyer | Design Away | Pinterest, Tokugawa (or Edo) bakufu . The unifiers’ policies, and the peace that followed in Reference Letter School Abu Dhabi the seventeenth century, led to profound changes in Japanese society and the start of what most scholars refer to as the early modern period. Copyright 2008 Program for Teaching East Asia, University of Colorado. Permission is Basketball Away | Pinterest given to reproduce this essay for classroom use only.
Other reproduction is Chapter Video Download prohibited without written permission from the Program for Teaching East Asia.