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Robert Gober shockingly isolates segments of the body from the whole, creating an eerie new reality of Certificate, free-f bating limbs and disconnected emotions. Body parts are disassembled and reassembled in the sculpture of Format Ascend, George Lappas, who also mixes time frames from the past and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the present. This shuffling of Form, historical, present, and 11+ Sample Of Birth, future time is Termination also characteristic of the 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info approaches of Termination, Wim Delvoye and Yasumasa Morimura. The figures in their works function in 11+ Sample Of Birth, historical, present. and future time simultaneously, giving a picture of the kind of time mix that is The Preschool Calendar: Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon likely to be more and more characteristic of the 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info way we will experience the Checks Reference Reference Form world. Time is Of Birth not the only element that is shuffled. Humans and animals are conflated in Thank, the work of Mike Kelley, humans and mannequins in 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the work of Charles Ray. and humans and machines in the work of For Job Application Surgical, Paul McCarthy. 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info. These artists present a shocking reformulation of humanity that gives a disquieting glimpse of the coming post-human situation. In Kelley#146;s world, the Psd Flyer - Styleflyers ever more intense underflow of violence and perversity bubbles over into an uneasy confusion of artificiality, innocence, and bestiality. In Ray#146;s sculpture, frighteningly out of scale mannequins represent intensified visions of post-human evolution, drained of all emotion and Of Birth Certificate, affect.
McCarthy#146;s Garden depicts an alien post-human future in which the Summer #19284 figure becomes a robotic shell seized by an uncontrollable sexual obsession from 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, which all human passion is Format For Job Application Ascend Surgical absent. Future genetic manipulation may spawn a race of post humans who are outwardly perfect but whose inner neuroses and 11+ Sample, instincts may not be so easily controlled. Artists are sensitive to Format For Job Application Ascend, this murky underside of displaced urges that may not be quite as easy to re-mold as a pair of flabby thighs. Of Birth Certificate. Janine Antoni#146;s cube of gnawed chocolate reveals the neurotic and desperate behavior sometimes hidden beneath the sleek facade of a woman#146;s image perfected through cosmetics. Kiki Smith#146;s flayed bodies, dripping with excretions, bear witness to the emotional wreckage that festers below the Kids Thank You Cards plastic surface. Of Birth Certificate. Artists are giving us a frightful warning of the irrational reservoir of dislocated emotions that may overwhelm the Nonprofit Job Description advances of 11+ Sample, technology. The emphasis on appearance versus essence, a central feature of the Termination new construction of self-identity. is 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate explored by Clegg Guttmann through their seemingly normal images of corporate-type personalities, which subtly reveal something empty and abnormal underneath. The new way in which personal identity is Resume Application For Download being constructed is examined through the mind-flow drawings of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, Karen Kilimnik, which enter into the interplay between model of celebrity and models of self. The fascinating collapse of the border between public and Kids Thank, private lives is also explored though Kilimnik#146;s work. evidenced by the new approaches to the private versus public, in everything from the scrutiny of the 11+ Sample personal lives of political candidates to Psd Flyer Template - Styleflyers, the behind the-scenes revelations of Certificate, Madonnas Truth or Dare, our entire understanding of the meaning of private life is in the process of being redefined. The re-creation of self through an embrace of fantasy and fiction embodied in the life and Employment, work of Jeff Koons. In the Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info course of a two-yea period, Koons transformed his body and his life through his courtship and marriage with Cicciolina.
The biological and material sculpture resulting from their union dissolves the dividing line between artificial and real, creating art that can truly be described as post human. As the organic, naturally evolving model of human life is replaced by t1 artificial evolution into the Post Human, art is likely to assume a much more central role. Resume Format Application For Download Ascend Surgical. Art may have to fuse with science as computerization and 11+ Sample Of Birth, bio-technology create further improvements on Nonprofit Job Description the human form. Many of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, U#146; decisions that will accompany the applications of computerized virtual reality and of genetic engineering will be related to aesthetics. Technology w make it possible to remodel our bodies and supercharge our minds, but a will have to Resume For Download Surgical, help provide the Of Birth inspiration for what our bodies should look Iike and what our minds should be doing. Kids You Cards. Will the 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info onset of the Post Human mean unprecedented freedom for U individual and for Reference Form, the artist?
Will we soon have almost unlimited ability recreate ourselves and break through the constraints of Certificate | Sendletters.info, genetic history. Will we have the Kids opportunity to express ourselves in any way we want through physical appearance? Will we be able to create art that is Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info also biology? Or will it happen that all these extraordinary new possibilities will result in Nonprofit Manager, increased social repression and 11+ Sample, a push toward conformity? Will the persuasive skills of the advertising industry convince us all to Employment, buy the | Sendletters.info same two or three genetic-improvement programs? Will governments assert their control over the powerful new biotechnology and restrict its use? Or will they take a more aggressive stance, exploiting the new technology to B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon, create genetically improved populations for economic and 11+ Sample Certificate, military superiority? Could the world evolve into a nightmarish situation with new, improved Post Humans in the wealthy countries ruling over the old humans in countries where the Thank new technologies cannot be readily afforded? All these scenarios remain unclear.
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lost highway essay On the Lost Highway : Lynch and Lacan, Cinema and Cultural Pathology. Other Voices , v.1, n.3 (January 1999) Copyright 1999, Bernd Herzogenrath, all rights reserved. Introduction: On Mediation. I want to begin this article on David Lynch's movie Lost Highway with a note concerning the use of Certificate Lacanian psychoanalysis in this paper. (1) Jonathan Culler has rightly argued that, since literature takes as its subject all human experience, and particularly the ordering, interpreting, and articulating of experience, it is no accident that the Party Psd Flyer - Styleflyers, most varied theoretical projects find instruction in 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info literature and that their results are relevant to thinking about The Business Plan Format literature. (2) What is true for literature, is also true for the other arts, such as painting and - film.
Taking Culler's observation as a guideline, this reading of Lynch's film partakes in Certificate the mutual informing of both theory and literature. Thus, the movies of Lynch are as 'useful' in illustrating Lacan's often cryptic remarks, as Lacanian theory is 'relevant' in thinking about Lynch's poetics. Lacanian psychoanalysis offers a theory of the subject that does without concepts such as unity, origin, continuity. It goes from the The Business, assumption of a fundamentally split subject and thus comes up with a model of subjectivity that grounds itself on a constitutive lack rather than wholeness. Thus, this theory lends itself as a useful and Certificate | Sendletters.info, relevant background for the analysis of a sample of Calendar: Sherrill 0651468189648: Amazon cinema that negates the idea of the autonomous, stable individual. According to Lacan, the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, human being is entangled in three registers, which Lacan calls the symbolic, the imaginary, and the real.
Whereas the Employment Termination, imaginary constitutes the (perceptual) realm of the 11+ Sample Of Birth, ego, the register that accounts for a (however illusive) notion of wholeness and autonomy, the Employment Termination, symbolic is the 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, field of mediation that works according to a differential logic. Whereas the imaginary constantly tries to 'heal' the lack-of-being of the For Job, subject, the symbolic accepts castration. The human subject is thus doubly split: on the imaginary level between the ego and its mirror image, while on the symbolic level it is language and the inscription into Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info a specific socio-cultural reality and its rules that bars the subject from any unity. Thus, this forever lost unity belongs to the third register: the real, which is simply that which eludes any representation, imaginary or symbolic. Checks Checklist Form Reference Check Form! Because of this lack, the subject, which, according to Lacan, is an effect of the signifier, aims at recreating that lost unity. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! The 'strategy' of desire emerges as a result of the subject's separation from the real and the 'means' by which the subject tries to catch up with this real, lost unity again. It is thus desire that accounts for the subject's trajectory through the human world, which according to Lacan isn't a world of things, it isn't a world of being, it is a world of desire as such. (3) This is true for Lynch's movies, as well for Nonprofit the relation of the Of Birth, spectator to the cinema in general. For a span of more than 20 years, director David Lynch has been forcibly changing the face of Party Psd Flyer - Styleflyers popular culture. When Lynch's movie Lost Highway came out last year, the movie was received with both excited appraisal and unsympathetic disbelief. Of Birth | Sendletters.info! European audiences were - and have always been - more enthusiastic in welcoming Lynch's visions.
From Eraserhad onwards, through The Elephant Man , Dune , Blue Velvet , Wild at Heart and Fire walk with me , Lynch's films have been immensely popular overseas, especially in France. The quite revolutionary TV series Twin Peaks featured prominently in the States as well, since the TV format of a 'soap' (even in its weirder form) dovetailed neatly with American viewing habits. True to Termination, his visionary style and personal obsessions, Lynch has always been cautious not to cater to mass appeal. Certificate! His career shows that he is indeed, in the literal Cahiers du Cinema sense, an auteur, willing to Manager Job Description, make the sorts of sacrifices for 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info creative control that real auteurs have to make - choices that indicate either raging egotism or passionate dedication or a childlike desire to run the sandbox, or all three. Nonprofit! (4) Being thus identified with what more people would accept as a European style of filmmaking, it should come as no surprise, then, that Lost Highway was financed by 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, the French company CIBY 2000 - as was his last movie, Fire walk with me . Five years after that movie, which had been a success with neither the critics nor the audience which saw it as a mere 'rip-off' of the Twin Peaks series, Lynch's new movie still divides both: two some, it might be the best movie David Lynch has ever made, (5) other reviewers emerged from an early screening of Lost Highway with the cry 'Garbage!' (6) So, what is the excitement all about? Although I am perfectly aware of the fact that any attempt to 'explain' Lost Highway ultimately results in a 'smoothening' of Calendar: Sherrill 0651468189648: its complex structure into a linear narrative, I will try to give a short outline of its content. Ostensibly, Lost Highway is the story of Fred Madison, jazz musician. His wife, Renee, is 11+ Sample Certificate a strangely withdrawn beauty. Format For Download! A disturbing study of Of Birth Certificate contemporary marital hell, the first part of the movie concentrates on Employment Termination, Fred's anxiety and insecurity, which escalates as he begins to realize that Renee may be leading a double life. Renee is the focus of Fred's paranoia: she is seen as both a precious object and the cause of her husband's nightmares. In the course of the 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, movie, they find a series of disturbing videotapes dropped at their door. The first merely shows their house.
The second depicts the couple in bed, from an Resume Format, incredibly strange angle. The third and final video shows Fred screaming over Renee's mutilated and bloody corpse. With brutal suddenness, Fred is | Sendletters.info convicted of Summer Psd Flyer murder and 11+ Sample, sentenced to The Business Format, die in the electric chair, though he can't seem to remember anything. In his death-row cell, Fred is continually haunted by Certificate, visions and headaches. At this moment, Fred somehow morphs into Pete Dayton, a young mechanic who is suddenly sitting in Fred's cell.
Pete's life is situated in typical Lynchian suburbia, an almost exact replica of the small-town in Blue Velvet . Nonprofit! Similarly to Blue Velvet 's Lumberton, Pete's life is overshadowed by his connections to 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, the town's Mafia boss, Mr. Checks Template Checklist Form Form! Eddy. At some point, Pete meets Alice Wakefield, Mr.Eddy's babe. Within a few minutes, Pete, although he is still dating his girlfriend Sheila, finds himself entangled in a sultry love affair with the 11+ Sample Certificate, local Godfather's moll - a woman who looks like Renee to Resume Format For Job Surgical, a hair: whereas Renee was brunette, Alice is a platinum blonde (if you're thinking of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate Hitchcock's Vertigo - double Kim Novak - here, you're right; Lynch himself had already made use of this 'double' in his Twin Peaks series). Alice, like Renee, is leading a double life.
Being a member of the porno underworld, Alice, in classic film- noir-femme-fatale fashion, tempts Pete to commit betrayal and murder until, finally, a strange encounter at a cabin in the desert connects the movie's two story strands full circle, or, to be more precise, full Moebius Strip: Pete disappears, Fred re-surfaces again. Such is the 'rough' plot. Calendar: Sherrill B Flora: Amazon! Already here it becomes obvious that the structure of this movie is anything but 'simple.' To this I am going to 11+ Sample, approach my subject asymptotically, that is, indirectly, in Checks Template Checklist Reference a series of excursions -- to circle my subject by 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, way of digressions. DIGRESSION 1: ON SUTURE/ SUTURE. The enigmaticity of Nonprofit Manager David Lynch's Lost Highway confronts us again with the question: What are we doing when we are watching a film? How do we read films? This very problem is and 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, has been at the heart of Film Studies, in connection with a related question: does the diegetic reality of the film mimetically represent reality, or does it have the status of Nonprofit a symbolic, differential structure? As Peter Wollen has put it, [t]o what extent does film communicate by reproducing an imprint, in Bazin's term, of reality and of natural expressivity of the world . Or, to what extent does it mediate and deform (or transform) reality and natural expressivity by displacing it into a more or less arbitrary and non- analoguous system and thence reconstituting it, not only 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info imaginatively, but in some sense symbolically? (7) Both problems collide in the question if a movie as such is something that necessarily should be about something, or if the stance against For Download Ascend, interpretation is in 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info fact the more appropriate attitude in particular towards postmodern cultural productions.
David Lynch himself has warned against attempts at Calendar: B Flora: an unequivocal reading of a filmic text, especially when asked for the 'hidden meaning' of Lost Highway : the beauty of 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info a film that is more abstract is everybody has a different take. Format For Job For Download! . When you are spoon-fed a film, people instantly know what it is . I love things that leave room to dream . (8) Being particularly vague with respect to the question of 'meaning,' Lynch on the other hand emphasizes film as an art form in its own right - It doesn't do any good . to Of Birth | Sendletters.info, say 'This is Format Application Ascend what it means.' Film is what it means ( Cinefantastique ). In the following, I want to return to my initial question - What are we doing when we are watching a film? How do we read films? - and rephrase it slightly: what is the position of the spectator with respect to a film? Christian Metz, in his seminal study of cinema as The Imaginary Signifier (9), has tackled the problem from within a Lacanian framework. His analysis starts off from the notion of perception - The cinema's signifier is perceptual (visual and | Sendletters.info, auditory) ( The Imaginary Signifier 42) - and goes on to distinguish the cinema from other arts inscribed into Employment Termination the perceptual register (such as painting, sculpture etc.) by stating that the cinema is 11+ Sample Of Birth more perceptional ( The Imaginary Signifier 43) by Checks Check Form, involving more perceptional axes. Compared with other types of the | Sendletters.info, 'spectacle,' such as the theater or the opera, this apparent superiority, however, is thwarted by the fact that in the cinema, the spectator and the spectacle do not share the same space, since not only the diegetic reality of film is an illusion, the unfolding itself is fictive: the actor, the 'décor,' the words one hears are all absent, everything is recorded ( The Imaginary Signifier 43). Thus, [t]he unique position of the cinema lies in Checks Template Reference Check Form this dual character of its signifier: unaccustomed perceptual wealth, but at the same time stamped with unreality to an unusual degree . 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! it drums up all perception, but to Checks Template Reference Form Check, switch it immediately over into its own absence, which is nonetheless the only signifier present ( The Imaginary Signifier 45). This conflation of (perceptual) wealth and simultaneous absence closely connects the cinematic, i.e. the imaginary signifier, to Lacan's object o , the object- cause that sets desire in motion, the belated reconstruction of the forever lost object. Metz himself draws this connection when he states with respect to film, that the lack is | Sendletters.info what it wishes to fill, and at the same time what it is always careful to leave gaping, in order to survive as desire. In the end it has no object, at any rate no real object; through real objects which are all substitutes (and all the more numerous and interchangeable for that), it pursues an Check Form, imaginary object (a 'lost object') which is its true object, an object that has always been lost and is always desired as such. ( The Imaginary Signifier 59)
In further relating film to (and also distinguishing it from) the dream, daydream and | Sendletters.info, (conscious) fantasy (and thus relating film to the status of a symptom, of a cultural - or, culturally sanctioned - pathology), Metz' imaginary signifier can be seen to be inscribed the Lacanian formula of desire, which is also the formula of fantasy/the phantasma, and which reads : The phantasma is defined in the most general form which it receives through an algebra constructed by us . the formula ( ), in which the Summer Party Psd Flyer - Styleflyers, romb should be read as 'desire for.' (10) The further question now arises how, in the cinematic situation, this 'desire for' the cinematic signifier is Of Birth Certificate realized. According to Metz, the spectator - simultaneously all- perceiving ( The Imaginary Signifier 48), since s/he first of all identifies with himself . as a pure act of Nonprofit Job Description perception ( The Imaginary Signifier 49), but in Of Birth Certificate fact 'missing' on the screen (which is Checks Form Check Form why the film is a very special kind of mirror) - also identifies with what's going on on- screen. 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! One (and in fact, the most common) way, is to identify with the Template Reference Checklist Check Form, 'central character' in/of the 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, film, which is ultimately an identification with a certain camera position. Metz thus defines the Nonprofit Manager Job Description, position of the spectator as basically voyeuristic, a position that has been thematized in 11+ Sample Certificate quite a lot of films ( Psycho , Peeping Tom , Halloween ), a paradigmatic example being Lynch's own Blue Velvet . In semiotic film studies, the relation of the spectator position to the film - which recalls the Application For Download Ascend, relation of the subject to its object of desire in 11+ Sample Of Birth Lacan's formula- is called 'suture.' (11) Being mainly a medical term, suture means both 'seam' and the process of stitching a wound. Following Jacques-Alain Miller's definition of suture, this concept denotes the procedures by means of which cinematic texts confer subjectivity upon their viewers ( Subject of Manager Semiotics 195).
However, even if Miller provided an elaboration of suture, it is first of 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info all a Lacanian term, and in the following I would like to do a cross-over of the cinematic reading of suture with a psychoanalytical reading of this concept, only fitting for a medium which is constantly brought into proximity with psychic formations. According to Lacan, the subject is an effect of the signifier, of discourse, insofar that the signifier even represents the subject for another signifier ( Écrits 316) The subject thus has to permanently re- invent and re-assure itself through its discourses - that is, through language, literature, and through film, among others. Miller defines suture as that moment where the subject fades by becoming represented - in discourse - by a signifier: Suture names the relation of the subject to the chain of its discourse . it figures there as the element which is lacking, in the form of a stand-in. Plan Format! For, while there lacking, it is not purely and simply absent. Suture, by Of Birth | Sendletters.info, extension - the Employment, general relation of lack to the structure of which it is an element, inasmuch as it implies the position of taking-the-place-of. (12) This definition not accidentally recalls Metz' observation that the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, spectator is Template Form Check Form as such missing from the cinematic discourse, and that the viewing subject might identify with the camera position as its stand-in.
This has lead some theorists, such as Jean-Pierre Oudart, to identify the 11+ Sample Of Birth, operation of suture with certain filmic techniques, especially the shot/reverse shot which facilitates (and directs) the spectator's identification with a certain gaze. Resume Format For Job Application! Stephen Heath has expanded the concept of suture, arguing against its equation with such formalized techniques and strategies. Since the 11+ Sample, imaginary and the symbolic are always simultaneously present - an image having no value in itself, but always with reference to a cultural background, to a set of rules or genre-conventions - suture in Heath's account refers to the play of presence and absence as a mode of subject production in which the identification with the image always has to be read against the background of a symbolic system: the spectator is always already in the symbolic . No discourse without suture . , but equally, no suture which is Job Description not from the beginning specifically defined within a particular system which gives it form . (13) With Lacan, the Of Birth, term suture denotes the conjunction of the imaginary and the symbolic. (14) With respect to the Lacanian registers of the imaginary, the symbolic, and Reference Form Reference Check, the real, suture thus refers to 11+ Sample, the stitching of the representational registers, with the seam closing off the The Business Plan Format, real from reality, closing off the unconscious from conscious discourse. Suture thus prevents the subject from losing its status as a subject, prevents it from falling into the void of the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, real, from falling into psychosis. Thus, the Resume Format, subject's identification with the movie fundamentally relies on this conjunction of the imaginary and Certificate | Sendletters.info, the symbolic levels within the cinematic discourse itself. Normally , that is, in most of the examples of the Summer Party Psd Flyer Template, classical Hollywood movie, this junction is well balanced: the means of representation parallel the narrative itself, in a mutual and constant comment.
If suture, then, ultimately ties the spectator into the movie by mapping the visual/aural (i.e. perceptual, and thus imaginary) means of representation onto the narrative (and the structure of the narrative), the ripping open of that seam consequently has to Of Birth Certificate, result in a problematization, if not complete undermining of identification. Termination! This de-suturing then draws attention to Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the fabrication of the illusion of whole-ness of both the spectator and the movie. The 1993 film Suture by Scott McGehee and David Siegel provides a good example for such a de- suturing . (15) Suture begins with the Manager Job Description, attempt of Vincent Towers, a millionaire who has killed his father, to kill his identical half-brother Clay Arlington in a planned car explosion and to 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, pass him off as himself to escape prosecution. The plan goes awry, and Clay survives - a mass of bruises and broken bones, having lost his memory. The movie follows Clay who slowly starts to take on his brother's identity. Still, Clay severely suffers from memory flashbacks which he cannot accept as his own. However, the Template Reference Checklist Form Check Form, end of the film - which indeed is its starting image as well, since the movie as such is a long flashback - shows Clay, who has by 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, now fully accepted his new identity as Vincent Towers, shooting his brother who has returned to bring his plan to a successful close. After his brother's death, Clay decides to remain the other rather than himself, leading a happy life with his beautiful cosmetic surgeon Renée Descartes. Checks Reference Check! No problem so far.
But, on Of Birth | Sendletters.info, the level of representation, the spectator is constantly held in the process of Reference de-suturing. The movie constantly emphasizes the physical similarity of the two brothers (on the blurb on the video jacket, they are actually referred to 11+ Sample, as 'twin brothers'), which is in fact a prerequisite for the film to function in the first place. Our physical resemblance, remarks Vincent at one point, is striking. However, the Summer Template #19284, two brothers could not be more different: Vincent is white, whereas Clay is an African-American. This perverse logic is consequently reflected in the title of the film: the movie Suture ultimately withholds suture. (16) Lost Highway , I argue, functions in quite a similar manner. In order to slowly approach this problem, I will in the following comment on certain aspects of the film which I think are most important for an understanding . First, there is the structure of the film. After the credit titles that flicker over the screen - fittingly accompanied by David Bowie's song I'm deranged, a track that sets the tone for what's to come - the movie begins with Fred sitting alone in front of 11+ Sample Certificate a window, smoking, his image mirrored in the pane of glass, when suddenly a message comes in through the intercom: Dick Laurent is dead! (29K .wav file) Fred does not - yet - know who this mysterious Dick Laurent is (or better: was), nor who it was who brought the message. Neither does the Termination, spectator.
Shortly before the end of the movie, Fred rushes to his house and delivers exactly this message - Dick Laurent is dead! - into his own intercom. Whereas most reviewers have failed to take notice of Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info this strange structure, in favor of a more straightforward telling of the B Flora: Amazon, tale, even the 11+ Sample Certificate, one article that has mentioned it fails to acknowledge its real impact: at the conclusion of Lost Highway , when Fred returns to his home to deliver the message that will set the whole narrative in motion again, a new element has entered . the script that was not there the first time around in the form of the cop cars waiting outside the home. This illustrates well that repetition is never identical, and that at the core of sameness is difference. (17) If we have a look - or much more importantly - a careful LISTEN - to these two scenes again . right after the Dick Laurant is dead message, you can hear sirens, and Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648:, a car speeding off . in fact, they're the same sirens (and car speeding off) that occur at the end of the movie. So, the reviewer quoted before was right, it is about repetition with a difference, there is a new element, but it's not the cop cars, it is the position of Fred. It is not, however, that he has simply changed from receiver to sender: he is both sender and receiver, AND AT THE SAME TIME . AND SPACE! In order to approach this mystery, a different topology is needed, a topology accounting for 11+ Sample a time-space that differs markedly from Euclidean space and teleological time concepts. A topological figure that makes such things possible is the Checks Checklist Form Check Form, Moebius Strip, and both Lynch and Barry Gifford, with whom Lynch collaborated on the screenplay, have mentioned this figure in interviews. (18) So, what is a Moebius Strip? DIGRESSION 2: HOW TO MAKE A MOEBIUS STRIP. Take a strip of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate paper Make sure that it has two sides Take one end of the strip, make a 180 degree twist, and put it to the other end. Tape - or, better, with respect to suture, which is important, as we will see - stitch the two ends together.
As a result, you now have a one-sided figure instead of a two- sided figure. Ill 1: The Moebius Strip. The Moebius Strip subverts the Summer Party Template - Styleflyers, normal, i.e. Euclidean way of spatial (and, ultimately: temporal) representation, seemingly having two sides, but in fact having only | Sendletters.info one. At one point the two sides can be clearly distinguished, but when you traverse the strip as a whole, the two sides are experienced as being continuous. This figure is one of the topological figures studied and put to use by Lacan. (19) On the one hand, Lacan employs the Moebius Strip as a model to conceptualize the return of the repressed, an The Business, issue important in Lost Highway as well. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! On the other hand, it can illustrate the way psychoanalysis conceptualizes certain binary oppositions, such as inside/outside, before/after, signifier/signified etc. - and can, with respect to Lost Highway , characterize Fred/Pete. These oppositions are normally seen as completely distinct; the Summer - Styleflyers, Moebius Strip, however, enables us to see them as continuous with each other: the one, as it is, is the truth of the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, other, and vice versa. Reni Celeste invokes a similar topology, when she comments on Lynch's rewriting of American metaphysics, a rewriting that emphasizes the position where violence meets tenderness, waking meets dream, blond meets brunette, lipstick meets blood, where something very sweet and The Business, innocuous becomes something very sick and degrading, at the very border where opposites becomes both discrete and indistinguishable (Celeste). In Lost Highway , the merging of opposites is crucial, and the problematization of the inside/outside opposition is a most important issue.
In fact, it is an important issue in Lynch's oeuvre as such - it suffices to refer to the scene in Blue Velvet , when the camera intrudes the severed ear that Jeffrey finds, and at Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info the end of the movie, the camera virtually seems to come out of Jeffrey's ear again. In Lost Highway , the question of inside and outside and Psd Flyer Template - Styleflyers, their conflation is repeatedly posed. On a general level, the diegetic reality of the movie - that what we actually see on the screen, as it were, INSIDE the movie - is composed out of bits and pieces from other movies: Lynch uses the 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, different genres of Hollywood as a kind of quarry. And not only the Termination, Hollywood genres: he almost violently exploits his own wealth of images, almost every shot initiates the shock of recognition. One might call this repetitiveness, but, after all, language in general - and 11+ Sample, especially a distinct film-language such as Lynch's - relies on repetition in order to function.
Another specific example of the merging of inside and Manager, outside apart from the frame-tale (Dick Laurent is dead) already mentioned, is, most important, the scene in which Fred meets the Mystery Man for the first time. 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info! In fact, the Mystery Man - simultaneously being inside and Psd Flyer Template, outside - can be read at the place where these (and in Certificate | Sendletters.info fact: all) opposites meet, he is For Job Application For Download - so to speak - the Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, twist in the Moebius strip. In Lacan's use of the Moebius Strip, the place denoting the suture of the imaginary and symbolic in a way hides the primordial cut that instigated this topological figure in the first place, the cut that is the unconscious (or, in Lacanian terminology: the real). It is by Termination, suturing off the 11+ Sample Certificate, real that reality for the subject remains a coherent illusion , that prevents the subject from falling prey to the real, that is, falling into Plan Format psychosis. It is no wonder, then, that the Mystery Man always appears when a change in personality is close. Reni Celeste is correct when she observes that in Lost Highway , there are three important fissures: that which exists between one discrete individual and another, that which exists between the individual and itself, and that which exists between the thing and its representation . Th[e] Nameless Man [Celeste's name for the Mystery Man] . stands between doubles, between passages from one realm to the next, and between each individual and itself (Celeste). However, it is important to note that the structure of the Moebius Strip re-conceptualizes these fissures, allowing them to be seen not so much as fissures, or ruptures, but as places of transition. Lost Highway 's moebial structure disallows the suture of the 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, subject into Checks Form the narrative.
In contrast to the traditional Hollywood diegesis, in which the narrative unfolds in a straightforwardly telelogical manner - even in spite of displacing strategies such as flashbacks, or the film within the 11+ Sample Certificate, film-motif - Lost Highway in fact presents a multiple diegesis. Employment Termination! The more so, since both stories - the story of Certificate Fred and Manager, the story of Pete - are not simply related to each other as prequel, and/or the Certificate, solution of the other. Although there are definite anchoring points that clearly connect the two stories: the one does not subsume the other without remainder. It might even be argued that with every identity shift, the narrative produces yet another author/narrator. Keeping to the Script. I now want to refer to the attempts of categorization of the movie undertaken by Resume Format For Download Surgical, its script writers. The movie has been dubbed by Lynch and Gifford (e.g., in the published version of the screenplay) as A 21st Century Noir Horror Film. A graphic investigation into | Sendletters.info parallel identity crises. A world where time is Termination dangerously out of control. A terrifying ride down the lost highway. 11+ Sample Certificate! Whereas the time dangerously out of control has already been hinted at in the section on the Moebius Strip, I want to use the remaining markers in the following as a kind of The Business Format guideline.
A 21st Century Noir Horror Film. I don't like pictures that are one genre only, so this is a combination of things, (20) Lynch has said in a recent interview. Of Birth Certificate! Elsewhere, Lynch has articulated his fascination with the noir genre: There's a human condition there - people in trouble, people led into situations that become increasingly dangerous. And it's also about mood and those kinds of things that can only happen at night (Press Kit). I want to focus on the noir genre, not with its foregrounding of amnesia, mistaken and/or changed identities (as, e.g., in Dark Passage ), of which there are obvious references in Format Lost Highway . I would like to concentrate on the genre's disturbed and Certificate, disturbing urban environment, on the figures of mobsters and Termination, femme fatales , with respect to the Oedipal constellation that underlies the genre, and I think it is Of Birth Certificate mainly in this connection that Lost Highway (and here especially the second part, Pete's story) can be regarded as a noir movie. (21) In the essay '10 Shades of Noir,' the e-zine Images states that [u]nlike other forms of cinema, the film noir has no paraphernalia that it can truly call its own.
The film noir borrows its paraphernalia from other forms, usually from the crime and detective genres, but often overlapping into thrillers, horror, and Termination, even science fiction. 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! (22) Hence Slavoj Zizek's observation that noir might not be a genre of its own kind . [, but] a kind of logical operator introducing the same anamorphic distortion in every genre to which it is Summer Party Psd Flyer Template applied. Certificate! (23) Zizek relates this anamorphic distortion to questions of identity which are more often than not played out in an Oedipal scenario. The first part of Lost Highway presents a marital scenario of uncertainty, anxiety, and The Business Plan Format, unspoken suspicion. It takes place in Certificate a house which more resembles a fortress than a cosy home. From the film's beginning, we have the Party Psd Flyer Template, feeling of 11+ Sample Of Birth tension and fear: home, the family unit is the place of trouble and terror. This feeling is emphasized by Lynch's masterly employment of the soundtrack.
For Lynch, [h]alf of [a] film is picture . the other half is sound. They've got to work together ( Press Kit ). So, in Lynch's work, the soundtrack is a most important factor to enhance the Resume Format Application For Download Surgical, mood of a scene. For example, during the dialogues between Fred and Renee there is no resonance to their voices. It is as if the works are spoken in a sound-absorbing environment, the whole spectrum of 11+ Sample overtones, all those features that make a human voice seem alive, seems to have been cut. In its dryness, the voices of Renee and Fred almost seem to enact an absence of sound, or better - an absence of room, of the acoustics of space: it's as if they are living in a recording studio covered in acoustic tile.
This soundscape underlines the similarity of this scenario with Lacan's subject being entangled in the register of the Checks Template Reference Form Check, imaginary, most powerful symbolized in the child's symbiotic relationship with the Other, its mother. The incestuous two-ness is underlined by various devices. The strange lights in 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info the Madison living-room, e.g., those lamps that somehow seem to be throwing their light in strange angles on no object but themselves (24) might indeed be read as a hint at this incestuous relationship: all there is is ourselves. As Steven Shaviro has noted, the Madison house in itself is a closed space, folded back upon itself. (25) Similarly, when Fred has sex with his wife, she lies there, showing no emotions - only after the The Business Plan Format, act, she strokes Fred's back, gently, like a mother soothes her child. In such a dyadic world, the child wants to be everything for its mother, and it wants the mother to be there just for | Sendletters.info it. (26)
Here, in the Madison marriage, we have a routine-version of this symbiosis. Plan Format! All distance has gone, and, since desire can be said to be exactly relying on this distance between subject and object, desire has gone, as well. Being too near to Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the object of Resume Format For Job Application desire causes anxiety. And indeed, there are also disturbing signs of something that threatens to undo this imaginary wholeness. First, there are those strange videotapes. In addition, both Fred and Renee have an uncanny feeling of being observed; note for example Renee's facial expression when she finds the first video, which might be both explained by the fact that she fears that it might be one of those porn videos she is 11+ Sample Certificate starring in, and of which Fred does not know anything, or by the general feeling of being observed, a feeling that takes shape in the fact that they live close to the observatory. The outside literally starts to intrude the inside, and Employment Termination, the threat is emphasized by the deep droning sounds (in a cinema with a good sound system, the spectators actually can feel this threat as a uncomfortable feeling in their stomachs . Certificate! already in Eraserhead , Lynch had made use of Resume Format For Job Application For Download Ascend this device, the constant droning of a ship's engine underlying the whole movie). (27) Fred also feels that he is not everything to his wife. Like the child, he feels that his mother desires something that is beyond him. Fred remembers/dreams of a night when he was playing saxophone in 11+ Sample Of Birth his club, and he saw Renee disappearing with another guy, Andy . Resume For Job Application For Download! one can see the neon EXIT sign there, and that's exactly how it is: Renee is Certificate looking for Employment an exit/escape out of that prison-like symbiosis. Certificate! So, after he had sex with Renee, Fred's face expresses not only horror, but also the burning question: What am I for you?
What am I for the Other? So, somehow, Fred is precisely dependent on the desire of the Other, and therefore it is Termination necessary for him that the Other, Renee, exactly remains in her position as love-giving, complete Mother, unspoiled by any lack - and it is such a lack that the mother reveals in her desire for 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate someone else, and Summer Party #19284 - Styleflyers, also the lack in the child, Fred, since he is seen as incapable of filling the lack. Thus, the imaginary scenario is an 11+ Sample Certificate, attempt of Fred's to disavow castration by all means. In the second part of the movie, Fred's story, the Oedipal scenario is brought to Employment, the fore even stronger. Here, now, we have Fred, the young man; Alice, the femme fatale ; and Mr. Eddy, the father-like mobster. Father, because both of 11+ Sample his age, and because he treats Pete with a kind of paternal attitude.
In Lacanian terminology, the father-figure is accepted by The Preschool Sherrill B Flora:, the subject as its ideal-ego, and as such serves for the internalization of the laws of society. However, the flip-side of this benevolent figure of the 11+ Sample Certificate, ideal-ego is the super-ego, the father as perverse father, the exception at The Business Format the origin of the law. The Master, the Father, he who gives the Law is an 11+ Sample, obscene, ferocious figure ( Écrits 256) that imposes a senseless, destructive . almost always anti-legal morality. (28) To imagine what is at stake, it suffices to recall Freud's notion of the Urhorde . The primal father enjoyed all the women of the tribe, he was the chieftain, the Checks Reference Form Reference Check Form, law-giver, and when his sons killed him, out of shame the forbid themselves to have all the women. So, at the bottom of the law, of the incest taboo, there is the figure of the One who had been the Certificate, exception to the rule. In Lost Highway , this becomes clear in Summer Party - Styleflyers the scene when Mr. Eddy beats and humilates a driver for Of Birth tail-gating (85K .wav file). Mr. Eddy explicitly takes recourse to Reference Form Reference Form, the law in his perverse pleasure, and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, with Slavoj Zizek it can be argued that it is exactly in the law, in the hyper-correct following of it, that the Termination, pervert finds pleasure. 11+ Sample Certificate! (29) In terms of the Moebius Strip, then, in Lost Highway there is a switch from the desire of the (M)Other to the Name-of-the Father (Lacan's nom/non de pere , which can also mean the No!-of-the-father, as in Mr. Eddy's warning that Alice is The Business Format his babe). (30) It is important to Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, note that here the Nonprofit Manager, spectator learns that Mr.
Eddy is Dick Laurent (the name Dick clearly associating phallic, paternal power), and that Dick Laurent is dead, that the dead father is already from the word go lurking there in | Sendletters.info the background, representing the symbolic agency that thwarts the symbiotic relationship of Renee and Fred. This twist parallels the switch from the realm of the pre-oedipal drives, closely related to the mother, to the realm of desire proper, and desire here inextricably related to lack, to the never-receding distance to the object, as can clearly be seen in the sexy love-scene between Fred and Alice - You'll never have me! (79K .wav file) A graphic investigation into parallel identity crises It is the phrase parallel identity crises that interests me the most here. It is usually read in terms of 'double identity,' mostly using the Sherrill B Flora: Amazon, term schizophrenia . There has been quite some misunderstanding about this very term. In 1911, the Swiss psychiatrist Paul Eugen Bleuler replaced Kraepelin's term for a group of psychoses, dementia praecox , with the 11+ Sample, term schizophrenia . Dementia praecox meant a psychosis of early onset, which Bleuler wanted to capture with the term schizophrenia, meaning literally split mind, since he thought the splitting of psychic functions to be the structuring element of these psychoses. Colin Ross, in his study on Dissociative Identity Disorders, a term including pathologies such as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) and the Borderline Syndrome, states that, dementia praecox is actually a better name for For Download Ascend this group of disorders [described by Kraeplin] than schizophrenia , while schizophrenia is a better name for 11+ Sample Certificate [Dissociative Identity Disorder] than multiple persona disorder. (31) Hence the popular notion of schizophrenia as split personality, a misconception that does not account for the fact that schizophrenia is an organic disorder of the Resume For Job For Download Ascend, brain, and Of Birth Certificate, not actually a personality disorder.
In addition to this reading of parallel identity crises in Summer terms of split personality, I want to suggest some further thoughts that account for this split with reference to the structure of the Moebius Strip. 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! Thus, it is not that simple that Pete's story is only the reverse of Fred's story (remember, a Moebius Strip has no such thing as a reverse side - it is one- sided!). Parallel, in The Preschool Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648: the moebial sense of the word , does not mean double or reverse here, but mutual . Pete's story is not only the reverse side of Fred's story, simultaneously Fred's story has to be the reverse side of Pete's story . 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info! otherwise the constant references to B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon, that night (the film's lacunae) would not make sense. True to the logic of the 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, Moebius Strip, what on a very local level seem to be two sides of the The Business Format, story is actually one. In this moebial twist, the truth of the one is the truth of the other, in that they are the same.
On the level of the images of the movie, this complicity can be shown by a comparison of two scenes that occur more than once in 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info Lost Highway. These two scenes of Fred in the dark hallway (Renee calling Fred!) and Pete in front of his parents' house (Sheila calling Pete!), viewed in Sherrill parallel, function like a kind of worm-hole which traverses the different event-levels of the movie - I would even argue that if you mirrored those two scenes onto 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info two screens put next to each other, it would have the effect of the one character changing over to the realm/screen of the other. Another 'perspective' of this simultaneous immersion can be seen in Party Psd Flyer Template - Styleflyers the transformation scene. Here again, the moebial twist of inside and outside, one and other, is 11+ Sample Certificate brought to the fore, this time effected by shots intruding the inside of the body. A last reference I want to make use of is the term psychogenic fugue that the French Production Company of Lost Highway , CIBY 2000, used as a kind of short- hand plot-synopsis in their pre-publicity campaign for the movie. The Preschool Sherrill B Flora:! In an interview with David Lynch, Chris Rodley asked Lynch if he was ever aware that such a mental condition, a form of amnesia which is a flight from reality, actually existed ( Lynch on Lynch 238-9).
Lynch answered that. the unit publicist on the picture, happened to find it in some medical journal or something. She showed it to 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, us, and it was like Lost Highway . Not literally, but an Plan, interior thing can happen that's very similar. 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! A certain mental disturbance. But it sounds like such a beautiful thing - 'psychogenic fugue.' It has music and it has a certain force and Plan, dreamlike quality I think it's beautiful, even if it didn't mean anything. ( Lynch on 11+ Sample Of Birth, Lynch 239) Yet it does mean something, and in this last section of this article, I want to situate Lost Highway in Plan the context of human pathology.
First of all, I want to return to Lacanian psychoanalysis and to the road metaphor in one and the same gesture. I have shown elsewhere that in a Heideggerian and Of Birth Certificate, Lacanian context, the metaphor of the road can serve as a trope not so much for freedom and rebellion, but as a trope for life as such as detour. (32) Lacan employs the Summer Party Psd Flyer, metaphor of the road in his account of the death drive, (33) but he makes it unmistakably clear that such a notion of the drive is far from representing an imaginary and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, narcissistic freedom from any law whatsoever. Even this drive for Amazon freedom depends for its existence on laws, on barriers . freedom needs barriers for 11+ Sample Of Birth their transgression. In his seminar on the psychoses, Lacan explores the factors that trigger off a psychosis. And again, he takes recourse to the metaphor of the road. In a chapter appropriately named The highway and the signifier 'being a father,' he writes: a succession of minor roads and a highway are not at all the same thing. . The highway isn't something that extends from one road to another, it's a dimension spread out in space, the presencing of an Employment, original reality. If I take the highway as an example, it's because . 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info! it's a path of communication. . the highway is an undeniable signifier in human experience. (34)
What Lacan is alluding here to is his notion of the point de capiton , the quilting point, which is that point which makes sure that some temporary notion of meaning can be created in language. Again, as in the concept of suture, the Employment Termination, metaphor of Certificate | Sendletters.info stitching and sewing comes to the fore, since a quilting point designates an upholstery button, a place where the mattress-makers needle has worked hard to Termination, prevent a shapeless mass of stuffing from moving to freely about. (35) So a point de capiton is a place where signified and signifier are literally stitched together - this is suture in the register of the Certificate | Sendletters.info, symbolic. Like a highway with respect to a system of Summer smaller streets, the quilting point holds that system of discourse together, and a minimal number of these points are necessary for a human being to be called normal, and which, when they are not established, or when they give way, make a psychotic ( Seminar III 268-9). According to Lacan, the most important points de capiton , the highway amongst some minor roads, so to speak, is the name of the father , the paternal metaphor, which is quite important in Lynch's post-patriarchal project. (36) The answer to Lacan's rhetorical question - [w]hat happens when we don't have a highway . ( Seminar III 292), or, in other words, what happens when the highway is lost - is: psychosis. The foreclosure, what Freud called Verwerfung , of the primordial signifier, the name of the father , is a strategy for 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info evading castration: the Nonprofit Manager, subject is castrated by its entry into the symbolic, into language and society. Thus, the denial of this castration leads to psychosis. This rejection of the symbolic Other that results in the disappearance of the phallic function leads to the subject's distortion of its relation to 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, the social order as well to its loss of sexual identity. As in Freud's case of Judge Schreber, Fred Madison tries to escape the threat of Nonprofit Manager Job Description castration, but he experiences a return of the repressed in Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info the real instead of in Reference Form Reference Form the symbolic, in his hallucinations (that is, in his second identity as Pete), because he does not accept the name of the father , the agency that might disturb his symbiotic relationship with Renee and/or Alice: Dick Laurent is dead! So, the Highway of the title is exactly this quilting point, this suture, that would be necessary for the subject to be inscribed into reality, into a state of normality.
Once this point is lost, once this seam is undone, the subject falls prey to the real, becomes psychotic. With respect to the delusional aspects of psychosis, Lacan comments on this buzzing that people who are hallucinating so often depict . this continuous murmur . is nothing other than the infinity of these minor paths ( Seminar III 294), these minor paths that have lost their central highway. What is the deep droning sound underlying most of the movie but this continuous murmur? The dissolution of reality is alarmingly hinted at when Fred, being asked to comment on the fact that he does not like video cameras, remarks - I like to remember things my own way. . How I remember them, not necessarily the way they happened. (117K .wav file) (37) Seen in this light, the videos might represent the truth the way it happened, that is: the repressed truth of Fred (and it is here that the sequence of the burning cabin shot in reverse gains special significance as a recurring image of Of Birth Certificate that repression). Lost Highway treats its topic performatively, not just representationally (Wallace). Thus, taken as metaphor, what is at stake here is the notion of the decentered or split subject. One image in the movie which makes it clear is the image of the highway itself. There are two variants of this specific shot that are important here. On the one hand, there is Resume Format For Download Surgical a kind of double-exposure of this particular image, which indeed hints at the split in the subject, at the dissociation. (38) On another level, the 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, dotted line can also be read as the subject's attempt at Nonprofit suture, at the stitching of reality and closing off the real again, of which the symptom itself is a way of dealing with. The very term psychogenic fugue in Lynch's statement connects Lost Highway to a pathology that has gained prominence particularly during the few last years - the before mentioned Dissociative Disorders, such as the Borderline Syndrom and MPD - Multiple Persona Disorder. The term psychogenic fugue in particular is Of Birth | Sendletters.info closely connected to the latter.
The symptom called psychogenic fugue involves a sudden, unexpected travel away from one's home or customary place of work, with an inability to recall the past, that occurs in the absence of an organic mental disorder . There is often the assumption of The Preschool a new identity. . Typically, individuals in Of Birth | Sendletters.info a fugue state have no memory of their primary identity. When they recover their primary identity, they often have a reciprocal amnesia for the events of the fugue state. (39) It is widely acknowledged that this symptom, closely connected to a kind of time-loss in the patient's memory, is a common feature of MPD, a disorder having entered mass consciousness through the biography, case study and movie The 3 Faces of Eve , starring Joanne Woodward. (40) Like the Borderline Syndrome, MPD is a type of narcissistic personality organization, (41) that is, basically, a disorder of the Nonprofit Manager, ego-functions. Whereas in the Borderline Syndrome, the subject is unable to 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, create a coherent ego, that is, to create the illusion of autonomy, MPD refers to Manager Job Description, the splitting of the subject's ego into 11+ Sample Of Birth several compartmentalized personae. Checklist Check! The revised third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [ DSM-III-R ] gives the following criteria for MPD: The existence within the individual of two or more distinct personalities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and one's self).
Each of these personality states at 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info some time, and recurrently, takes full control of the individual's behavior. (42) The main reason for the onset of MPD is to be found in traumatic experiences, one of the most common of which is continuous sexual abuse, mostly in early childhood. MPD thus is 0651468189648: Amazon a strategy invented by the subject to Certificate | Sendletters.info, cope with unmanageable stressors, (43) a strategy to escape the stress of an Amazon, unbearable traumatic event - such as, e.g., the murder of one's own wife. [or that night] Both the Borderline Syndrom and Certificate, MPD are almost exclusively American pathologies. The question has already been raised, what might be the reasons for this being so. Varma, Bouri and Vig, three Indian psychiatrists, have argued that twentieth-century Western man, especially in Checks Checklist North America, has shown a special fascination with role playing. The role is adopted with some gain or favourable outcome in mind. The fulfillment of the role may make him act even in a manner contrary to his usual self . The role adopted, like in multiple personality . Certificate | Sendletters.info! represents an expedient or expected behaviour conceived for a particular setting. The Preschool Calendar: Sherrill 0651468189648: Amazon! (44) While there are similar kinds of Certificate | Sendletters.info possession states in other cultures, e.g. Voodoo (Haiti), Latah (Malaysia) or Whitigo (Cree Indians), in the United States the equivalent would have to be looked for in media culture. Template Checklist Form Reference Check! No wonder, then, that in the literature dealing with MPD, cultural and media influences rate highly.
Ray Aldridge-Morris refers to the fact that North America is inextricably associated with show business . and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the film industry in particular (Aldridge-Morris 108), and Ian Hacking has observed that the different personae tend to be stock television characters, often assuming even names from sitcoms or crime serials . Indeed the rapid changes of Termination character remind one of nothing else than 'zapping.' (45) With regard to postmodern American consumer culture, Hanjo Berressem has rightly argued that a somewhat cynical case might be made for 11+ Sample the idea that multiple or fractal selfs are once more good consumers, because each role, or alter, can be inserted into a separate market. (46) With respect to Lost Highway , it has to be noted that the narrative of the movie is Termination located in Los Angeles, the Certificate | Sendletters.info, film metropole. Another point which I think might be worth-wile analyzing is the function of the abundance of references to means of media and Termination, communication in this movie: videotapes, camcorders, cell phones, phones, the intercom. 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! The whole movie, as it seems, is penetrated by a kind of communicational electro-smog , and somehow all of these devices are related to very strange and mysterious powers. Another point that in my eyes makes MPD an Checklist Form Form, especially American cultural pathology is a fact that relates it to American History itself. Commenting on Lost Highway , David Lynch highlighted the initial idea that started the | Sendletters.info, whole thing. What if one person woke up one day and was another person? ( Cinefantastique ). A review of the movie rendered this basic premise in more direct terms - What if I had a second chance? (Review by Steve Biodrowski in Cinefantastique ). This initial question, I argue, reminds one of one the most basic truths of American History.
John T. Irwin, in Resume Format Application Ascend Surgical his study American Hieroglyphics , has commented on the American desire for a limitless possibility, . an infinite 'second chance' or new beginning, one of whose historical manifestations was the idea of the expanding frontier. (47) Another of these manifestitions, it has to be added, was the idea of the open road . This especially American preoccupation with an ever new beginning, with a second chance, also nicely ties in with the cultural pathology of MPD. The clinical picture of MPD, I argue, is Of Birth | Sendletters.info put to The Preschool Calendar: Sherrill Amazon, use in 11+ Sample Of Birth Lost Highway as a metaphor for Job Description the split, decentered subject, in Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info a similar way of Allucquere Rosanna Stone's and Sherry Turkle's treatment of For Job Ascend Surgical this parallel. Turkle writes: Through contemporary psychoanalytic theory which stresses the decentered subject and through the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, fragmented selves presented by patients (and most dramatically by patients who present with multiple personality) psychology confronts the ways in which any unitary notion of identity is Format problematic and illusory. What is the self when it functions as a society? What is the self when it divides its labor among its constituent 'alters' or 'avatars'? (48)
I would like to add a final comment on the term psychogenic fugue, not as a clinical phenomenon, but as a term. In his interview with Lynch, Chris Rodley also mentioned the connection with the musical term fugue , describing it as one theme starts and is then taken up by a second theme in answer. But the Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, first continues to Summer - Styleflyers, supply an accompaniment or counter-theme . You could therefore describe Lost Highway uniquely as a film which truly echoes a musical term. . Did you and Angelo Badalamenti discuss the score in terms of a fugue? ( Lynch on Lynch 239). 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info! After giving you the additional information that in a fugue, not only one theme is taken up by a second theme, but also by another instrument, another voice, I want to give you Lynch's answer, which I think is quite revealing. He said, Fugues make me feel insane. I can only Nonprofit Job Description listen to a certain amount of a fugue, and then I feel like I'm gonna blow up from the inside out ( Lynch on Lynch 239). (49) And here we are back again, full circle, where we started - Lynch's fascination with the mystery: To me, a mystery is like a magnet.
Whenever there is something that's unknown, it has a certain pull to it ( Lynch on 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, Lynch 231). Lacan, in his evaluation of the mystery, of that which cannot by symbolized, but which nevertheless has immense effects in symbolization, goes even further: The tip of meaning, one can sense it, is the enigma, (50) insofar as meaning as such is something that can never be halted, never be fixed - there is always a remainder. This remainder, I argue, that which cannot be symbolized, is on the one hand given in Resume For Job Application the movie as a kind of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate excess of the Employment, images, a kind of surplus-value of the imaginary which manifests itself in moments of jouissance . On the other hand, the enigma in Lost Highway takes on Of Birth | Sendletters.info, its most concrete form in the gaps and voids, in the long sequences of darkness that permeate the whole movie. These so-to-speak materialized cuts (sometimes almost 30 seconds of Employment Termination pure dark screen) provide the 11+ Sample Certificate, space where a) suture is wilfully withheld, and Checks Form, b) where the mystery/enigma somehow can be both felt and filled by the spectator . finally, there is - or: can be - a certain strange version of suture that functions by alining the gaps in the cinematic discourse with the desire of the Of Birth Certificate, spectator: in filling the gaps with his own interpretations/obsessions / images, he becomes an important part of the diegetic reality of the movie, a kind of lynchian version of unconscious interactivity. So, what happens to Employment, Fred in Of Birth | Sendletters.info the end? The very last shot shows him in the process of transformation again.
Lynch had used almost the same scene in his second movie, The Elephant Man , where it denoted the effect of a traumatic experience on the process of giving birth to a new subject. What will be the result of Fred's transformation? Yet another persona? Or, will he re-transform into Pete, thus adding another temporal twist to the narrative - remember that Pete had been imprisoned once, not for murder, but for car-theft, and what the police will eventually find after Fred has transformed into Pete again, will simply be Pete, in a stolen car . only that now, since the The Business Format, cops had found Pete's fingerprints all over Andy's place, Pete will be charged for murder . but, does that explain things? Do we now understand ? In the recent remake of the thriller Nightwatch , now called Freeze , the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate, police inspector turned serial-killer, played by Nick Nolte, philosophizes: Explanations are just fictions to make us feel safe. Otherwise, we would have to admit the Summer Template, unexplained, and Of Birth Certificate, that would leave us prey to the chaos around us. Which is exactly what it is. Checks Checklist Form! Or, in terms of Lost Highway : identity is anything but simple, stable, whole. In the end, we can see what it really is: a terrible collection of fragments, fragments like the Of Birth, parts of Renee's mutilated body. My attempt at making sense of Lost Highway has tried to add another such fiction to make one feel safe (even if it in fact might have added even more confusion). (51) As Lacan would have it, [d]esire, in fact, is interpretation itself ( Fundamental Concepts 176).
My reading of Lynch's movie, then, necessarily and inescapably partakes in Nonprofit Manager Job Description this desire. It is entangled between ultimate failure and the jouissance that does not serve anything (52) - There is no Truth . Of Birth | Sendletters.info! But one runs after it all the same ( Fundamental Concepts vii). 1 This paper is a slightly revised version of a talk I gave at the American Studies Colloquium 1998 in Olomouc, Czech Republic. 2 Jonathan Culler. Summer Party #19284! On Deconstruction. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! Theory and Criticism after Structuralism . Ithaka, New York, 1982, 10. 3 Jacques Lacan.
The Seminar of Job Description Jacques Lacan Book II: The Ego in Freud's Theory and in Certificate | Sendletters.info the Technique of Employment Psychoanalysis 1954-55 . Trans. S. Tomaselli. Cambridge, 1988, 222. Subsequently quoted as ( Seminar II ). 4 David Foster Wallace. Article on Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, Lost Highway in Premiere , Sept. 1996. http://www.m ikedunn.com/lynch/lh/lhpremiere.html Subsequently quoted as (Wallace). 5 Mikal Gilmore. Article on Lost Highway and Interview with David Lynch. The Preschool Calendar: Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648:! Rolling Stone , March 6, 1997. http://www.mikedu nn.com/lynch/lh/lhrs1.html.
6 Richard Corliss. 'Mild at 11+ Sample Of Birth Heart.' TIME , April 7, 1997, 77. 7 Peter Wollen. Readings and Party, Writings: Semiotic Counter-Strategies . London, 1982, 2. 8 Frederick Szebin and Steve Biodrowski. 'A surreal meditation on love, jealousy, identity and reality.' Cinefantastique , April 1997. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! http://www.miked unn.com/lynch/lh/cinelh.html Subsequently quoted as ( Cinefantastique ). 9 Christian Metz.
The Imaginary Signifier. Psychoanalysis and the Cinema . Trans. C. Britton, A. Williams, B. The Business Format! Brewster and A Guzzetti. Bloomington, 1982. Subsequently quoted as ( The Imaginary Signifier ). 10 Jacques Lacan. crits . French Edition.
Paris, 1966, 774. Subsequently quoted as ( crits ), referring to the English translation crits . A Selection , by A. Sheridan, New York 1977. 11 Cp. Certificate | Sendletters.info! Kaja Silverman's account of this concept in Employment her study The Subject of Semiotics. New York, 1983, 194-236, subsequently quoted as ( Subject of Semiotics ). 12 Jacques-Alain Miller. 'Suture (elements of the logic of the signifier).' Screen 18:4, (1977/78), 24- 34, 25-6. 13 Cp. Stephen Heath.
Questions of Cinema . Bloomington, 1981, 'On Suture,' 76-112, 100-1. Cp. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! also the chapter entitled 'On Screen, in Frame: Film and Ideology' (1-18). 14 Jacques Lacan. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis . Trans. A. Summer Party Template! Sheridan. New York, London, 1978, 118. Subsequently quoted as ( Fundamental Concepts ). 15 For another comparative reading of the concept of suture and the movie Suture , cp. Hanjo Berressem.
Twisted and 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, Traumatized: Spatial and Temporal Loops in American Literature, Art, and Culture . Habilitationsschrift, Aachen 1997. 16 Another short reference to yet another movie: John Woo's Face/Off . In this movie, two men exchange identities; that is, they change faces. Suture , Face/Off , and Lost Highway - they all tackle the question of identity and of suture . in Plan a way, all three movies are about identity and its vicissitudes, about the construction of both the subject in the diegetic reality of the 11+ Sample Certificate, movie, and of the spectator. Suture thematizes the concept of identity as an Termination, effect of (illusory) identification, and ultimately withholds the comfort of suture, of a stable position both within diegetic reality and off-screen. John Woo's Face/Off comments on 11+ Sample Of Birth, the Aristotelean truth that physiognomy mirrors character. Manager Job Description! This truth is countered with an almost metaphysical sense of self beyond mere looks, a self, however, that most prominently reveals itself in a language of the body , in small gestures. 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info! The suture that holds the movie together is quite literally the seam which stitches Nicholas Cage's face onto John Travolta's head (and vice versa) and 'functions' in fact only if the spectator is Template Reference Checklist Reference Form willing to accept this improbability. In Lost Highway finally, the identity of the on-screen subject is related to different positions it takes with respect to different levels of reality, and, ultimately, to its desire. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate! Since this is a never-ending process, suture, for the spectator, is forever displaced and Nonprofit Manager, deferred.
17 Reni Celeste. 'Lost Highway: Unveiling Cinema's Yellow Brick Road.' Cineaction 43 (Summer 1997). http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists /film-philosophy/files/paper.celeste.html. Subsequently quoted as (Celeste). 18 see e.g. Lynch in the Official Press Kit for Lost Highway , http://www.mike dunn.com/lynch/lh/lhpress.html, subsequently quoted as (Press Kit), and Gifford in his interview for Film Threat , http://www.mi kedunn.com/lynch/lh/lhgifford.html. 19 Cp. e.g. 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info! Lacan's discussion of the figure of the interior eight in his article on 'Science et Verit' (crits, French edition, 855-77), or his 1966 lecture 'Of Structure as an Inmixing of an Nonprofit, Otherness Prerequisite to Any Subject Whatever,' published in: The Structuralist Controversy: The Languages of Criticism and the Sciences of Man . Of Birth! Ed. R. Macksey and Sherrill, E. Donato. Baltimore, 1970, 186-200.
The illustration was taken from this article. 20 Chris Rodley (ed.). Lynch on 11+ Sample Of Birth, Lynch . London, Boston, 1997, 231. Subsequently quoted as ( Lynch on Lynch ). 21 On yet another level, Lost Highway is obviously a noir film in a very literal sense: noir /black is the Employment Termination, prevailing color in Of Birth Certificate this movie, especially in Amazon the long dark sequences that seem to structure the Of Birth Certificate, narrative . 23 Slavoj ZiZek. Tarrying with the Negative . Durham 1993, 9-10. 24 Georg See?len has made similar observation, but has related this observation in his conclusions to the concept of self-reflexivity in Lynch's filmic language. Manager! See Georg See?len.
David Lynch und seine Filme . Of Birth Certificate! Marburg und Berlin, 3. erw. Auflage 1997, 187. 25 Steven Shaviro. Stranded in the Jungle . (forthcoming book; excerpts can already be found on Steven Shaviro's homepage; see his chapter 'Intrusion' on Lost Highway : http://www.dhalgren.com/Stranded/18.html. 26 Or, when Fred asks Renee if she will come to the club, she answers that she wants to read, and Fred asks, in disbelief, Read? Read what?
Apart from Sherrill B Flora:, this articulation of an Of Birth | Sendletters.info, otherwise unspoken suspicion that Renee might actually be an unfaithful wife, this remark of Fred's also shows his inability (or: unwillingness) to accept the need for something that goes beyond this symbiosis . maybe, one has to read Read very literally as a hint towards the symbolic, the agency that in the end very violently disturbs this dual relationship. 27 Michael Chion has already noted in his seminal study Audio-Vision. Sound on Nonprofit Manager, Screen . Trans. Certificate | Sendletters.info! Claudia Gorbman. Psd Flyer Template #19284! New York, 1994, that Lynch is one of the 11+ Sample Of Birth, directors that have liberated film sound from its long sleep of simply accompanying the images on-screen. Chion points out Checks Checklist Check that Lynch is one of those who have developed the soundtrack into the direction of a Sound Film - Worthy of the Name (141). 28 Jacques Lacan. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book I: Freud's Paper on Technique 1953-54 . Transl. by J. Forrester.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 102. 29 see Slavoj Zizek. The Plague of Fantasies . New York, London, 1997. 30 see Slavoj Zizek's interpretation of Hitchcock's Psycho with respect to this moebial twist in Slavoj Zizek (ed.). Everything you always wanted to know about | Sendletters.info Lacan (but were afraid to ask Hitchcock) . New York, London, 1992. 31 Colin Ross. Dissociative Identity Disorder. Diagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment of Job Description Multiple Personality . New York, 1997.
32 See Chapter 7, ' On the road : The Road Novel and the Road Movie,' of my book An Art of Desire. Reading Paul Auster . Amsterdam and Atlanta, 1999, 159-72. 33 Cp. | Sendletters.info! Jacques Lacan. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book II: The Ego in Freud's Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis 1954-55 . Trans.
S. Summer Psd Flyer #19284 - Styleflyers! Tomaselli. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, where he comments on the roads of life (81) and describes life as a dogged detour (232) towards death. 34 Jacques Lacan. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan. Book III: The Psychoses, 1955-56 . Transl. by R. Grigg. New York, 1993, 290-1. Subsequently quoted as ( Seminar III ). An example might clarify what is at stake here. Kafka, in his Letter to the Father , takes recourse to another topographical metaphor, referring to his father in 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info terms of a dimension spread out in space : Sometimes I imagine the map of the world spread out and you stretched diagonally across it. Franz Kafka. Letter to the Father . Prague, 1998, 65.
35 Malcolm Bowie. Lacan . London, 1991, 74. 36 This term is Anne Jerslev's. See her study David Lynch i vore jne. Employment! Copenhagen, 1991. 37 Thus, the whole second part of the movie (Pete's story), can be read as Fred's attempt to 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info, remember things his own way, even to re-member, in the literal sense of the word, both his fragmented sense of Checklist Form Reference self and Renee's dis-membered body . 38 A more hypermaterialistic rendition of the split subject is the scene in which Andy's head is virtually split by the glass table . it's as literal as you can get. 39 Frank W. Putnam.
Diagnosis and 11+ Sample, Treatment of The Preschool Sherrill 0651468189648: Multiple Persona Disorder . New York, 1989. 13-4. Subsequently quoted as (Putnam). 40 The case of 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info Eve has just recently been found out to have been faked by Resume For Job Application, the analysts. 41 Clary, W.F., Burstin, K.J., Carpenter, J.S. 11+ Sample! 'Multiple personality and borderline personality disorder.' Psychiatric Clinics of Summer Psd Flyer North America , 7 (1984), 89-100. 42 American Psychiatric Association. DSM-III-R . Washington, 1987, 106.
43 Ray Aldridge-Morris. Multiple Personality. Certificate | Sendletters.info! An Exercise in Checks Template Checklist Form Reference Form Deception . Hove, 1989, 107. Subsequently quoted as (Aldridge- Morris). 44 Varma, V.K., Bouri, M., Wig, N.N. 'Multiple personality in Certificate | Sendletters.info India: Comparison with hysterical possession states.' American Journal of Psychotherapy 35 (1981), 1. 45 Ian Hacking. 'Multiple Personality Disorder and Its Hosts.' History of the Human Sciences 5.2 (1992), 3-31, 11. 46 Hanjo Berressem. The Business Plan Format! 'Emotions Flattened and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, Scattered: Borderline Syndromes and Multiple Persona Disorders in Termination Contemporary American Fiction.' in: G. Hoffmann, A. Hornung (ed.). Emotion in Postmodernism . Heidelberg, 1997, 271-307, 293.
47 John T. Irwin. American Hieroglyphics . The Symbol of the Egyptian Hieroglyphics in the American Renaissance . New Haven and London, 1980, 112. 48 Sherry Turkle. Constructions and Reconstructions of the Self in Virtual Reality . Quoted in Allucquere Rosanne Stone. 'Identity in Oshkosh.' J. Halberstam, I. 11+ Sample Of Birth! Livingston (ed.). Posthuman Bodies . Bloomington, 1995, 23-37, 34. 49 Another, I think, most revealing information with respect to the fugue: Douglas R. Summer Party Psd Flyer! Hofstadter, in his book Gdel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid , comments on the compositions of Johann Sebastian Bach, which, in his time, were judged as quite notorious. Like Lynch's works, they were either thought to be pompous and confused, whereas others hailed them as masterpieces. For Hofstadter, Bach's fugues in general, and especially his highly complex fugue Ein Musikalisches Opfer/A Musical Offering , are of special importance for his study because of their structure, which is the structure of what Hofstadter calls strange loops. Of Birth! A most prominent example of such a strange loop is . yes, it's the Moebius Strip again. Summer Template #19284! And, finally, believe it or not, the original term for the fugue was the Latin term Ricercar , which means - enigma, mystery. Cp.
Douglas R. Hofstadter. Gdel, Escher Bach. An Eternal Golden Braid . New York, 1979. 50 Jacques Lacan. 'Vorwort zur dt. Ausgabe meiner Schriften.' in: Schriften II . Weinheim, 1991, 7. 51 Only after I finished this article (and the talk on which this article is based), Troels Degn Johansson, Department of Film Media Studies of the University of Copenhagen, pointed out an article to me in cinetext by Robert Blanchet: ' Circulus Vitiosus : Spurensuche auf David Lynchs Lost Highway mit Slavoj ?i?ek.' This article only mentions in Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info passim some of the The Business, aspects I have tried to discuss in more detail in this paper, so, both articles somehow respond to each other like the two sides of a Moebius Strip as well . cp. http://st1hobel.phl.univie.ac.at/cinetext/magazine/circvit.html. 52 Le Sminaire Livre XX: Encore . Paris, 1975, 10. My translation. American Psychiatric Association. 11+ Sample! DSM-III- R . Template Reference Form Form! Washington, 1987. Ray Aldridge-Morris.
Multiple Personality. An Exercise in 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info Deception . Hove, 1989. Hanjo Berressem. Termination! Twisted and Traumatized: Spatial and Temporal Loops in American Literature, Art, and Culture . Habilitationsschrift, Aachen 1997. ---- . 'Emotions Flattened and Scattered: Borderline Syndromes and Multiple Persona Disorders in 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info Contemporary American Fiction.' in: G. The Preschool B Flora:! Hoffmann, A. 11+ Sample Certificate! Hornung (ed.). Emotion in Postmodernism . Heidelberg, 1997, 271-307. Robert Blanchet: ' Circulus Vitiosus : Spurensuche auf David Lynchs Lost Highway mit Slavoj Zizek.' http://st1hobel.phl.univie.ac.at/cinetext/magazine/circvit.html. Malcolm Bowie.
Lacan . London, 1991. Michael Chion. Audio-Vision. Checks Reference Checklist Reference Form! Sound on Of Birth | Sendletters.info, Screen . Trans. Claudia Gorbman. Employment! New York, 1994. Clary, W.F., Burstin, K.J., Carpenter, J.S. 'Multiple personality and borderline personality disorder.' Psychiatric Clinics of Certificate | Sendletters.info North America , 7 (1984), 89-100. Richard Corliss. Summer Party Template - Styleflyers! 'Mild at 11+ Sample Of Birth Heart.' TIME , April 7, 1997, 77. Mikal Gilmore. Article on Lost Highway and Interview with David Lynch. Rolling Stone , March 6, 1997. http://www.mikedu nn.com/lynch/lh/lhrs1.html.
Ian Hacking. 'Multiple Personality Disorder and Its Hosts.' History of the Employment Termination, Human Sciences 5.2 (1992), 3-31. J. Halberstam, I. Livingston (ed.). Posthuman Bodies . 11+ Sample Of Birth! Bloomington, 1995. Stephen Heath. Questions of Cinema . Bloomington, 1981. Bernd Herzogenrath. An Art of Desire. Reading Paul Auster . Amsterdam and Atlanta, 1999.
Douglas R. Hofstadter. Gdel, Escher Bach. Manager! An Eternal Golden Braid . New York, 1979. John T. Irwin. American Hieroglyphics. The Symbol of the Egyptian Hieroglyphics in the American Renaissance . New Haven and London, 1980. Anne Jerslev. David Lynch i vore jne . Copenhagen, 1991. Franz Kafka. Letter to the Father . 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info! Prague, 1998. Jacques Lacan. crits . For Job Ascend! Paris, 1966.
-----. crits . A Selection. Trans. A. Sheridan, New York 1977. -----. Le Sminaire Livre XX: Encore . Paris, 1975. -----. 'Vorwort zur dt. Ausgabe meiner Schriften.' in: Schriften II . Weinheim, 1991. -----.
The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis . Trans. A. Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info! Sheridan. New York, London, 1978. -----. Checks Template Reference Form Reference Check Form! The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book I: Freud's Paper on Technique 1953-54 . Transl. by J. Forrester. Cambridge, 1988. -----. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan.
Book III: The Psychoses, 1955-56 . 11+ Sample Of Birth! Transl. by R. Grigg. New York, 1993. Christian Metz. The Imaginary Signifier. Psychoanalysis and the Cinema . Trans. C. Britton, A. Williams, B. Brewster and A Guzzetti. Bloomington, 1982. Jacques-Alain Miller. 'Suture (elements of the logic of the Summer Party #19284, signifier).' Screen 18:4, (1977/78), 24-34. Frank W. Putnam.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Persona Disorder . New York, 1989. Chris Rodley (ed.). 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate! Lynch on Lynch . London, Boston, 1997. Colin Ross. Employment! Dissociative Identity Disorder. Certificate | Sendletters.info! Diagnosis, Clinical Features, and Treatment of Multiple Personality . New York 1997.
Georg See?len. David Lynch und seine Filme. Marburg und Berlin, 3. erw. Auflage 1997. Steven Shaviro. Stranded in the Jungle . (forthcoming book; excerpts can already be found on Steven Shaviro's homepage; see his chapter 'Intrusion:' http://www.dhalgren. com/Stranded/18.html. Kaja Silverman. The Subject of Summer Party Template #19284 Semiotics . New York, 1983.
Frederick Szebin and Of Birth, Steve Biodrowski. 'A surreal meditation on Party Template, love, jealousy, identity and reality.' Cinefantastique , April 1997. http://www.miked unn.com/lynch/lh/cinelh.html. Varma, V.K., Bouri, M., Wig, N.N. 'Multiple personality in India: Comparison with hysterical possession states.' American Journal of 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info Psychotherapy 35 (1981). Peter Wollen. Readings and Template Checklist Form Reference, Writings: Semiotic Counter-Strategies . London, 1982. Slavoj Zizek (ed.). 11+ Sample! Everything you always wanted to know about Lacan (but were afraid to ask Hitchcock) . New York, London, 1992. Slavoj Zizek. Tarrying with the Negative . Durham 1993.
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The Value of Homework: Is Homework an Important Tool for Learning in the Classroom? Homework continues to be a controversial topic. 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info? The debate over Checks Form Reference Check Form homework is an old one, with attitudes shifting throughout the debate over the years. Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info? Proponents and opponents make cases to support their views on the necessity and importance of homework in the development of the student and the construction of knowledge. Good and Brophy (2003) indicate that many view homework as, “An important extension of in-school opportunities to learn” (p. The Business Format? 393). While some proponents of homework believe in its purpose, a question still persists about the role of homework in determining the student’s grade. 11+ Sample Certificate? Should homework be assigned and graded on a regular basis, or should it be viewed as an educational means to an end?
As a means to an end, should one centralized school or district policy govern homework, or should some flexibility exist? Education consultant Ken O’Connor (1999) suggests eight guidelines for successful assessment, which includes a directive to Employment Termination not mark every single assignment for grades, but rather take a sampling of student efforts in order to 11+ Sample assess how much they have learned. His approach pushes for a more standards based approach in determining grades, combining formative assessment to track students’ grasp of lesson concepts as they learn, enabling adjustment of teaching practice on-the-fly, and summative assessment in the form of a test or quiz, which measures the level of student knowledge and understanding after the learning process. This is also a valuable tool for the teacher, as they may be better able to gauge the efficacy of their lessons and unit. In a study conducted by Template Hill, Spencer, Alston and Fitzgerald (1986), homework was positively linked to student achievement. They indicate that homework is an inexpensive method of improving student academic preparation without increasing staff or modifying curriculum. “So, as the pressure to improve test scores continues to increase, so does the emphasis on homework” (p. 58). Of Birth? 142 school systems in North Carolina were contacted. Of the initial 142 schools, 96 responded, and were sent three-part questionnaires seeking information about the existence, scope, development and evaluation of homework policies in their schools. The researchers cite several general conclusions based on their findings, including the importance, and apparent lack, of homework policies in existence. Despite the The Preschool Calendar: 0651468189648: Amazon pervasive nature of homework in every participating school, only 50% of the schools indicated the existence of a written homework policy.
Amongst the policies reported by the other half of the participating schools, most of the policies specified the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate type or quality of homework to be assigned, and allowed some flexibility in the assignment and evaluation of homework. The authors indicated: Particularly encouraging signs were that a variety of types of homework were suggested, and the focus of homework assignment was toward meaningful, creative, and high-level thinking endeavors. and away from tedious busy work and drill . The Business Format? (Hill, Spencer, et. Of Birth? al, 1986, p. 68) Homework is seen as a valuable resource for teaching, allowing students to practice, and in doing so, learn the unit material. This study documented the importance of flexibility in the assignment and evaluation of quality homework assignments, but also the alarming lack of a written homework policy in 50% of the Reference Checklist Form Form participating schools. It can be drawn from this study that some type of homework policy is necessary, as is the 11+ Sample Of Birth assignment of higher cognitive types of homework and the flexible assessment and grading of that work in order to foster and track student learning. Cauley and McMillan (2009) define formative assessment as, “A process through which assessment-elicited evidence of student learning is gathered and instruction is modified in response to feedback” (p. 1). Employment? The authors suggest the use of feedback in the process, but suggest a steering away from performance-goal oriented extrinsic motivators such as grades. Emphasis on performance and grades during the formative process can be detrimental to eventual student achievement because it might shift student focus away from their goal of mastery of 11+ Sample Of Birth course material to concern over the way their abilities might be judged by their peers (Cauley McMillan, 2009, p. Checks Reference Checklist Form Form? 3).
Constructive feedback throughout this process maintains the focus on mastery goals created at the outset, and provides the student with the support necessary to make connections between new learning and prior knowledge. Homework, ongoing formative assessment, and feedback are all considered to be part of the instruction process. Grading and recording the work completed throughout this time would not accurately create a record of the student’s level of understanding and knowledge because they are still in the process of learning the material. McMillan, Myran and Workman (2002) conducted a study of over 900 teachers in order to investigate the assessment and grading practices in 11+ Sample Of Birth, practice. The authors used surveys returned by a sample of 901 participating teachers of grades 3-5, representing a total population of 1,561 teachers of those grade levels from 124 schools near Richmond, Virginia. The surveys featured a 6-point scale for participants to rate the emphasis they placed on Resume Ascend Surgical different assessment and grading practices, with 1 being not at all and 6 representing completely. The findings revealed relatively low emphasis on homework grades, but also a positive correlation between the importance of homework and increasing grade levels.
The authors state that: Given the relatively low emphasis on homework, comparisons with other students, other teachers’ grading, and the infrequent occurrence of borderline cases, these results suggest that teachers conceptualize two major ingredients actual performance, and effort, ability, and improvement. Of these two, academic performance clearly is most important, but effort, ability, and improvement remain as fairly important, especially for some teachers . 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info? (McMillan, Myran, Workman, 2002, p. 209) This study documents the importance of homework in the construction of knowledge, but also identifies the fact that there was little emphasis placed on the grades for that work. The majority of the assessment for the students was derived from test and quiz scores, or other forms of summative assessment.
O’Connor (1999) begins his list of eight guidelines for successful assessment with the indication that the only acceptable basis for student grades is Termination their own individual achievement. He goes on to specify that grades recorded must measure the student’s achievement of the learning goals established at the outset of the unit. This suggestion is aligned with the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info information provided by Template Checklist Form Reference Cauley and McMillan (2009), which emphasizes the importance of setting mastery goals prior to the instruction process. They also convey the idea that feedback, and | Sendletters.info, not grades, should be used during the learning process, as formative assessment takes place. The true measurement of Checks Reference Checklist Form Reference Form what the student has learned comes at the end of that learning process, in the form of a summative assessment, which McTighe and O’Connor (2005) suggest also be used at 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info the outset of the unit to establish realistic performance goals: This practice has three virtues. First, the summative assessments clarify the targeted standards and benchmarks for teachers and Employment, learners.
Second, the Of Birth | Sendletters.info performance assessment tasks yield evidence that reveals understanding. Third, presenting the Checks Template Form Reference authentic performance tasks at the beginning of a new unit or course provides a meaningful learning goal for the student . (McTighe and O’Connor, 2005, p. 2) Waiting until the end of a unit, however, to 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info measure student learning is Plan a mistake, since the time for instruction and learning of that material has ended. It is in the course of the instruction and learning process that McTighe and O’Connor also place importance on the formative assessment process. Homework is a form of formative assessment, along with draft work, ungraded quizzes and other exercises used with the intent of guiding and instructing the student to promote higher-level cognitive connections. Placing little or no emphasis on grades on those types of exercises and activities allows for focus on 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info the mastery goal, and keeps feedback constructive. “Although teachers may record the results of formative assessments, we shouldn’t factor these results into summative evaluation and grading” (McTighe O’Connor, 2005, p. 1). This philosophy could be seen in the low levels of emphasis placed on homework grades in the study by McMillan, Myran, and Checks Checklist, Workman. Effort, ability, and improvement remained important factors in that study, and McTighe and O’Connor echo that idea in their discussion of replacing old student achievements with new ones. They take into consideration, the varying learning curves of different students, and their progress toward goals set at the beginning of the unit.
A student will likely have a greater mastery over 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info the unit material at The Business Plan Format the end of 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info instruction, than at Checklist Form Reference Check Form the outset of instruction. That point, at the end of Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info instruction is the appropriate time to measure what the student has learned, allowing improvements to replace previous difficulties or failures. McTighe and O’Conner (2005) note, “Allowing new evidence to replace old conveys an important message to students that teachers care about their successful learning, not merely their grades” (p. Plan Format? 6). The material reviewed has established the importance of the existence of a flexible, written homework policy on Certificate a school or district level. Mr. O’Connor presents a total package, in this respect, to schools and districts that are seeking to Party Template - Styleflyers establish a policy, or re-evaluate their current one. Following my research and analysis of the relationships between the literature, and Mr.
O’Connor’s work, questions still remains unanswered, possibly to be addressed in further study: Will students be motivated to complete homework and/or classroom activities that they know will not be graded? If there were a problem with student motivation in this respect, what would the impact be on achievement in a setting where the same, or similar type of policy is in place? If a teacher wishes to Of Birth Certificate use homework for the purposes of Manager Job Description ungraded formative assessment, they must be certain that the work is truly that of the Of Birth Certificate learner him or herself, with no outside assistance coming from family members or tutors they might see outside of school. This is a major problem related to the use of homework in this way, as homework results may not truly be indicative of the student’s acquired knowledge. Cauley, K., McMillan, J. (2009). Formative assessment techniques to support student motivation and achievement. Clearing House, 83(1), 1-6. Resume For Job Surgical? Retrieved from Certificate | Sendletters.info Professional Development Collection. Good, T., Brophy, J. (2003). Looking in classrooms, ninth ed.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon. McMillan, J., Myran, S., Workman, D. (2002). Elementary teachers' classroom assessment and grading practices. Journal of The Preschool Calendar: B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon Educational Research, 95(4), 203 . Certificate? Retrieved from Professional Development Collection database: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.lemoyne.edu/login.aspx?direct=truedb=tfhAN=6673804site=ehost-live . McTighe, J., O’Connor, K. (2005). Employment Termination? Seven practices for | Sendletters.info, effective learning. Termination? Educational Leadership, Vol. 63, No.3. Cauley, K., McMillan, J. (2009). Formative assessment techniques to 11+ Sample Of Birth support student motivation and achievement.
Clearing House, 83(1), 1-6. Retrieved from Professional Development Collection. Good, T., Brophy, J. (2003). Looking in Summer Party #19284 - Styleflyers, classrooms, ninth ed. 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info? Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
McMillan, J., Myran, S., Workman, D. Plan Format? (2002). Elementary teachers' classroom assessment and grading practices. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info? Journal of Educational Research, 95(4), 203 . Retrieved from Professional Development Collection database: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.lemoyne.edu/login.aspx?direct=truedb=tfhAN=6673804site=ehost-live . McTighe, J., O’Connor, K. (2005). Seven practices for effective learning. Educational Leadership, Vol. 63, No.3. Carbone II, S. A. Checks Form Reference Check Form? (2009). The Value of Homework: Is Homework an Important Tool for Learning in 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info, the Classroom? Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse , 1 (12). Retrieved from Template http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=99.
Carbone II, Steven A. The Value of Homework: Is Homework an Of Birth Certificate, Important Tool for Learning in the Classroom? Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 1.12 (2009). http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=99 Carbone II, Steven A. Calendar: Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648:? 2009. The Value of Homework: Is Homework an Important Tool for 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, Learning in the Classroom? Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 1 (12), http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=99.
CARBONE II, S. A. 2009. The Value of Homework: Is Homework an Important Tool for Learning in the Classroom? Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 1. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=99. Utilizing Technology for Learning STEM Subjects: Perceptions of Urban African-American Middle School Students. Race, Class, and Oppression: Solutions for Active Learning and Literacy in the Classroom. Timed Writing Assessment as a Measure of Writing Ability: A Qualitative Study. 2017 Student Pulse . All rights reserved. ISSN: 2153-5760.
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colllege essay Exhibited December 15 to May 15, 2010. This exhibit encompasses the work of well known American artists born in | Sendletters.info the 19th century who painted New England scenes in Employment Termination a wide variety of mediums and styles. 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info? These works were chosen to The Business Plan, represent the inspiring diversity that is the artistic heritage of the region, including paintings from five members of the National Academy. Just scroll down to see each painting. Sparrowhead Light House, Grand Manan. Samuel Peter Rolt Triscott. Framed under glass with mat 28x34. Samuel Peter Rolt Triscott was born January 4, 1846 in Gosport, England. He was one of 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info five children and had a genteel middle class upbringing.
Triscott studied civil engineering. His artistic training in painting was at the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colors in London under Philip Mitchell. American Art Review, December 2002. George H. Drew (b. 1833) Along the Maine Coast, (c. 1880) The son of marine painter Clement Drew, George Drew and his father had a gallery in Boston in the 19 th century.
Harrison Bird Brown (1831-1915) View of Grand Manan. Oil on Checks Template Form Reference, Canvas 10x18. Harrison Bird Brown (1831-1915) Maine Coast in 11+ Sample Of Birth Autumn. Oil on Canvas 13x23. Harrison Bird Brown was born in 1831 in Portland, Maine, and is best known for Employment Termination his White Mountain landscapes and marine paintings of Maine's Casco Bay. By 1860, Brown was being praised as a leading American marine painter.
Landscape painting was popular in the mid 19th century, thanks in part to Certificate | Sendletters.info, the influence of Charles Codman (1800-1842), whose paintings were collected for their very romantic sentiments. It is Nonprofit Manager Job Description possible that Brown saw examples of Codman's poetic paintings, and was influenced by his works. Brown was one of the early artists to paint the coastline of Maine's Monhegan Island, where he depicted the headlands as awesome, mystical forces. Of Birth? Humanity versus nature, and the human relationship to nature, themes prevalent in mid and Calendar: Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon, late-19th century literature and philosophy, figured frequently in his seascapes. He often painted in the White Mountains, and his name can be found in the guest registers of many places artists frequented in those mountains. The coast of Maine was also a favorite painting venue of Brown's for over thirty years. 11+ Sample Of Birth? He depicted the wholesome outdoor environment of the state, with special fondness for the Casco Bay area and Grand Manan, an The Business Format island off the New Brunswick, Canada coast. Of Birth Certificate? Brown also produced two widely distributed illustrations of Crawford Notch for the Maine Central Railroad in 1890. Harrison Bird Brown exhibited at Template Check Form the National Academy of Design in New York from | Sendletters.info 1858 to 1860, and at the Boston Athenaeum and The Business Plan, Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in | Sendletters.info 1876.
By 1892 he had become the best known native Maine painter of his time, and gained fame for himself and the state with a large canvas in Summer Party Psd Flyer #19284 the Maine pavilion of the 1893 World's Colombian Exposition in Chicago. In 1892 he was elected president of the 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info Portland Society of Summer #19284 - Styleflyers Art. ALBERT BABB INSLEY (1842-1937) SURF AT PORT CLYDE, MAINE, 1915. Oil on canvas 14 x 19 in a fine carved wood gilt frame 22” x 27”
PROVENANCE: Acquired from the grandson of the artist. Landscape and marine painter Albert Babb Insley was born in 1842, growing up in Jersey City, New Jersey. Of Birth Certificate? He was active early in the arts. At age fourteen in 1856, he received his first major painting commission of the The Preschool Sherrill 0651468189648: Llewellyn Park Estate of D.C. Otis; and the same year he left school to become an apprentice photographer under his father, Henry Earle Insley, who was one of the Certificate earliest pioneer photographers in America. In 1860, at age 18, Insley made his first of many painting trips to the Green and White Mountains of Template #19284 Vermont and New Hampshire and to the Shawangunk Mountains of New York.
When only twenty-five, Insley began exhibiting on a regular basis at 11+ Sample Of Birth the National Academy of Design in Summer Party Psd Flyer Template - Styleflyers New York City, having exhibited 36 times from 1862 to 1898. He continued his artistic studies, even as an exhibiting artist, with the well-known Jasper Cropsey in 1864 and 1865. By the early 1860s, he was an art instructor with Henry L. 11+ Sample Certificate? Hillyer at New York University, Waverly Place, New York City. He was also a long-time exhibitor from Nonprofit Manager 1869 to 1891 at the Brooklyn Art Association. In New York City, he lived and worked at the Tenth Street Studio Building for 48 years. He also took regular painting trips north of the city and across the Hudson River in New Jersey, as well as in the New England states. | Sendletters.info? In the early 1880s, Insley's work reflected the influence of the Plan Barbizon School of France. Insley took an art class on glazing techniques with George Inness Sr. who influenced him to become looser and more expressive. During the summers of 1864 and 11+ Sample Of Birth, 1865, he studied landscape painting with Jasper Francis Cropsey at his home on Greenwood Lake, which caused him to lighten his palette. The long-lived artist died in Nyack, New York in Termination 1937 at age 95.
His memberships included the Certificate Boston Arts Club, Brooklyn Art Association, Nanuet Painters and Sculptors Guild, National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Salmagundi Club. His collections include the Employment Archives of American Art, Washington, D.C.; Cragsmoor Free Library, New York; Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington; Harding Museum, Chicago; Jersey City Museum, New Jersey; Preservation Society, Newport, Rhode Island; and the Rockland Historical Society, New York. Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art The Delicate Palette of Albert Insley Antiques and the Arts Weekly, June 22, 1984. Paul Bernard King, N.A. (1867-1947) Monhegan Island Harbor. 25 x 30 Oil (relined),Antique carved frame 31 x 36. Price available upon request. Versatility, artistic maturity and mastery of | Sendletters.info technique and medium are hallmarks of Paul King's art. Nonprofit Manager Job Description? His diverse works of portraits, landscapes, rural scenes and illustrations establish his reputation in Of Birth the first quarter of the century.
From 1906, when his oil painting Hauling in the Anchor Line (date and Psd Flyer Template #19284, location unknown) captured the Salmagundi Club's top two prizes, King regularly received recognition. His merit was freely acknowledged by Certificate his artist peers, as well as by the critics and the public. King was born in 1867 to Plan, a Buffalo, New York goldsmith. Apprenticed there to a lithography firm, he became an accomplished printer. King later studied at the Art Students League of Buffalo and, from 1901 to Certificate | Sendletters.info, 1904, at the New York Art Students League with Henry S. Mowbray. While a student, he was an illustrator for Life and Harper's magazines. From 1905 to 1906, King studied in Holland with Willy Sluiter, Evert Pieters and Bernard Bloomers. He was a board member of the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, serving as vice president and acting president, from 1908 to 1921.
In 1921, he moved from his long-time home in Germantown section of B Flora: Philadelphia to Stony Brook, Long Island, where he died in 1947. Memberships: Allied Artists,America Federation of Arts, Artists Aid Society, Artists Fund Society, International Society of Arts and 11+ Sample, Letters, Pennsylvania Academy of The Business Plan Format Fine Arts, Philadelphia Art Club, Salmagundi Club. Public Collections:Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo; Butler Art Institute, Youngstown, Ohio; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Reading Museum, Pennsylvania; Los Angeles Museum; Houston Art Museum; New Pantheon, Nashville, Tennessee. (From American Art Analog). Biography from Roughton Galleries,Inc. Figure in a Boat Near Shore. Monogrammed l.r., labels from Barridoff Galleries, Portland, Watercolor and gouache en grisaille on paper, sight size 2 3/8 x 6 in. framed. Born April 10,1837, Portsmouth, NH, Bricher grew up in Newburyport, MA. Largely self-taught by careful study of Cole, Church and Durand, Bricher studied art at Certificate | Sendletters.info Lowell Institute, Boston in the 1850's.
In the Resume Format For Job Surgical 1860s he followed his contemporaries to the White Mountains, and was active in Boston and Newburyport, MA until 1868 when he moved to New York. Bricher was a significant second-generation Hudson River School landscapist and marine painter who is considered to be the last of the relevant American luminists. Certificate | Sendletters.info? He is best known for his marine paintings depicting New England shorelines, in which crashing waves show the Checks Template Reference Form Reference dynamic forces of nature.With ease and finesse he captured the natural ambiance around the ocean and its coasts and the artist’s reverence for 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info the presence of what is Checks Reference Form Form before him is apparent. Keeping in step with the philosophical beliefs of his era, the artist was concerned with equating to canvas the Of Birth resplendence of nature and the morality of Format his convictions. He executed his best work during the 1870s-80s when he spent many summers painting on 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info, the coasts of Massachusetts, Maine (Monhegan Island), and Rhode Island (1871-76), as well on Long Island, especially at Southampton. Today A.T. Bricher is considered one of the finest marine painters of his era, and his work is in great demand because each of his canvases and watercolors show resplendently and with confident brushwork how nature looked during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Forest Interior (oil on canvas, 20 x 12) by Maria a Becket (1840-1904)
Gilded Antique Gold frame, 33 x 29 price available upon Format, request. Maria A' Becket was a well listed American painter who is cited in many American art references of her era. She was born in 1840 in Portland, Maine, Daughter of Charles Beckett, a Maine Landscape and genre painter. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate? In 1865 she studied with Homer Dodge Martin and later with William Morris Hunt in Boston. She was influenced by the Barbizon painters at The Preschool Sherrill 0651468189648: Amazon Pont Aven and painted with the famous French painter Charles Daubigny during a trip to | Sendletters.info, France.Though her Barbizon influence is often stressed, this work reveals strong elements of Tonalism and Impressionism and is quite similar to her seminal work “Northern Lights”.
She exhibited at the Boston Art Club in 1875, the National Gallery in 1883 and 1888, and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Nonprofit Manager Fine Arts from 1880 to 1884 and the New York’s Women’s Club to 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info, name just a few. It is only recently that we have fully recognized the great talents of our American women painters and started to give them the Plan praise which they so richly deserve. This new realization has made their works much in demand and valuable. (Robert) Bruce Crane, NA (1857-1937) FALL CONNECTICUT LANDSCAPE. Signed lower left Bruce Crane. N.A.
Fine deep carved frame: 31” x 39” price available upon request. Robert Bruce Crane was born in New York City on October 17, 1857. Of Birth | Sendletters.info? The son of Solomon Bruce Crane and Leah Gillespie, he was educated in New York's public schools and was exposed to Reference Form Check, the city's galleries and museums by his father, himself an amateur painter. By the 11+ Sample Certificate age of seventeen, Crane had moved to Elizabeth, New Jersey, where he was employed as a draftsman by an architect and builder. He soon decided to devote his career to painting, and about 1876 or 1877 sought the guidance of the landscape painter Alexander H. Wyant, with whom he subsequently shared a close friendship until Wyant's death in 1892. Between 1878 and 1882, Crane attended the Art Students League in New York and traveled to Europe for Format For Job Ascend further study. In the United States during this period, he painted in 11+ Sample New Jersey; East Hampton, Long Island; and the Adirondacks. He wrote to his father from the Adirondacks that among the influential painters working nearby at the time were Eastman Johnson, George and Checklist Check Form, James Smillie, and Samuel Coleman, and he described the dramatic terrain: Went to 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the famous Rainbow Falls which several artists have tried to paint . . . Wyant and Hart among them . . Manager Job Description? . over the top comes tumbling the water which strikes every few feet throwing a spray which catches the sun giving a most charming as well as wonderful appearance. Crane spent time in | Sendletters.info East Hampton, on the eastern end of Long Island, during the summer of 1880 or 1881 and Summer Psd Flyer Template #19284, possibly during other summers.
From there he wrote his father that the painters Stimson, Dellenbaugh, Moran, Robbins and Coleman are here . . . I have finished the study of an Certificate | Sendletters.info old house . . . and the artists say that [it] is exceedingly good. In another note he described some of his typical subjects at this time: I have been working on a 20 x 30 [inch] subject, a row of apple trees, gigantic in size . . Summer Party Psd Flyer Template #19284? . I commence in a few days the study sheep. In these early works, Crane painstakingly reproduced the pastures, hayfields, and barnyards of rural East Hampton. A critic later remarked that Troubled or placid skies, the bright luminous atmosphere of a summer's day, or the gray tones of autumn were given in these pictures, not only with truth to nature and a certain poetic sentiment, but with a brilliant sparkling quality of effect. Clark, Charles Teaze; Bruce Crane, Tonalist Painter, Antiques Magazine, November, 1982. Shepherd's Lane (oil on canvas, 12 x 16) Charles Appel (1857-1928) Born in 11+ Sample Brooklyn, New York, Charles Appel is known for romantic landscapes and marine paintings in Tonalist and Impressionistic styles.He was a pupil of Francis Luis Mora and William Merritt Chase at the New York School of Art and of Frank Vincent DuMond at Termination The Art Students League. The major influence on his career, however, was George Inness. Most of his life was spent in East Orange, New Jersey from 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info where he was active in New York art circles and Checks, was elected a member of the Salmagundi Club in 1906.
by Charles Appel (1857-1928) Oil on canvas, 12 x 16 $3500 in original goldleaf frame. Charles H. Woodbury (1864-1940) Oil on Canvas: 10 X 14. Born in Lynn, Massachusetts, an Of Birth Certificate industrial city about ten miles north of Boston, Charles Woodbury remains among the most influential artists to work in Employment Ogunquit, Maine and in Boston.
He taught more than 4,000 students including ones at Wellesley College, had more than 100 solo exhibitions, and wrote three widely read art education books. He remains a strong influence on Certificate | Sendletters.info, art education. Woodbury was from a comfortable, well-established family. He sold his first oil painting when he was 15 and at age 17 in Form 1884, was the youngest person ever elected to Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the Boston Art Club. He graduated from the The Preschool Sherrill B Flora: 0651468189648: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and 11+ Sample, credited Ross Turner, his watercolor instructor, as launching his painting career. As a young resident painter of Lynn, he was a leader among his artist colleagues in the formal application of Format paint in beach and marsh scenes, a unique subject for that time.
Immediately after graduating from MIT, he set up a studio at 22 School Street in Boston near Charles Green, his close friend and Of Birth | Sendletters.info, painting colleague. They determined to make a living only from their painting, and they succeeded. His formal art training began in 1890 when he, a newly married man, enrolled in the Academie Julian in Paris and stayed for a year. Format For Job For Download Surgical? Returning to the Boston area, he became a prominent plein-air painter and living until 1940 embraced Impressionism. He was a member of the Salmagundi Club (1899); an Associate (1906) and an Academician (1907) at the National Academy of Design; Ogunquit Art Association; Society of Water Color Painters; New York Water Color Club; Guild of 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info Boston Artists; Boston Society of Watercolor Painters. He won awards at the Lynn Art Exhibition for Amateurs (1880); Boston Art Club (1884, 1895); Atlanta Exposition (gold, 1895); Nashville, Tennessee Centennial (1897), Mechanics’ Fair, Boston; Paris Exposition (1900); Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo (1901); Worcester Art Museum (1903,1907); St. The Business Plan? Louis Exposition (1904); Carnegie Institute (1905); Buenos Aires Exposition (1910); American Water Color Society (1911); W.A. Clark Prize and Corcoran Medal (1914); Pan-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco (gold, 1915); Penn. Academy of F.A. (gold, 1924); Brooklyn (1931); Palmer Marine Prize and Ranger Fund Award, National Academy (1932); Noyes Prize, Society of 11+ Sample American Artists (1933).
He is represented at the Gardner Museum; Corcoran Gallery of Art; Art Institute of Chicago; Herron Art Institute; Boston Museum of Fine Arts; St. Template #19284 - Styleflyers? Louis Art Museum; Boston Public Library; Berkshire Atheneum; Detroit Art Institute; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Joslyn Art Museum; Worcester Art Museum; R.I. School of Design; Telfair Academy, Savannah; Colby College; Wellesley Colllege and in 100’s of other museums and institutions. Woodbury was given over 60 one-man exhibitions, the first being at the J. Of Birth Certificate? Eastman Chase Gallery, Boston (1887) and the last at the Winchester Public Library, MA (1939). 18 Memorial Shows were given (1940-41). In 1945 the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston held a Retrospective Exhibition. In 1968, Adelson Galleries, Inc. (then of Boston) and in 1978 Vose Galleries of Boston gave Retrospectives. In 1988 M.I.T. Reference Form Check? gave a monumental Woodbury exhibition titled Earth, Sea and Sky that traveled to museums through 1993. Woodbury taught art at the Worcester Art Association (1895); Wellesley College (1899-1906; 1913-1914); Dartmouth College; Pine Hill School (1907-1910); Ogunquit summer art school (1898-1939); Director, Woodbury School, Boston; Associate Professor, School of the Chicago Art Institute. Author: The Art of Seeing (1925) and Painting and the Personal Equation (1922).
American Art Review, August 1998. Peter Falk (Editor), Who Was Who in American Art. CHARLES EDWIN LEWIS GREEN (1844-1915) RED ROCK, LYNN, MASSACHUSETTS. 1881. Signed lower right C Green 81 Oil on canvas, 11-3/4 x 15-1/2
A native of Lynn, Massachusetts, Charles Green became an artist committed to painting American subject matter, especially the marine and landscape scenes of his native area. He often signed his paintings C.E.L. and was part of the seven Lynn Beach Painters that included his close friend, Charles Woodbury. From the 1880s through 1910, he was a regular exhibitor at 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info the Boston Art Club and also took lessons there. He was a plein-air painter, meaning he completed his landscape and marine scenes outdoors with minimal over painting of colors. In 1885, he moved to Boston, and he and Summer Psd Flyer Template #19284, Charles Woodbury had adjoining studios on 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info, Green Street and Termination, committed themselves to making their living exclusively with their fine art. 11+ Sample Certificate? They succeeded, and for several years, they were linked together as being non-European trained, stay-at-home artists with very similar impressionist styles and American subject matter.
They prided themselves on avoiding European influence, but in the 1890s, their styles became increasingly impressionist from seeing European work in Boston exhibitions. Green had his first one-man show in 1886 at the J Eastman Chase Gallery, one of Boston's most prestigious exhibition venues at that time. In 1906, Green moved from Boston to his hometown of Lynn where in 1909, he became one of the founders of the Lynn Art Club. He died on January 18, 1915, having been a major influence on succeeding generations of painters inspired to paint local marine scenes of the Boston area. Source: Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art Anthony Thieme, NA (1888-1954)
Landscape in Nonprofit Winter. Oil on Board 13.5x16.5. Framed under glass with mat 21x24. Anthony Thieme was born on February 20, 1888 in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied at Certificate | Sendletters.info the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague, Holland, under George Hacker; Garlobini, Guardaciona; and Mancini in Italy. Party? He also studied in Germany. Of Birth Certificate? In the 1920's he emigrated to the United States, initially residing in New York City where he painted Broadway backdrops, and eventually setting up studios in Rockport, Massachusetts and St. Augustine, Florida, seasonally moving from one to the other.
Known as a genre painter he did landscapes including farms, and Paris scenes; his best known works are of boats, fishermen, and harbors, reflecting his Northern and Southern studios in coastal towns. In Rockport, he established the Thieme School of Calendar: 0651468189648: Art where he was Director. Thieme was a strong proponent of the visual arts and held memberships in many associations: American Water Color Society; Art Alliance of 11+ Sample America; Salmagundi Club; Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts; Boston Art Club; Providence Water Color Club; Boston Society of Artists; North Shore Art Association; Springfield Art League; Rockport Art Association; New York Water Color Club; American Artists Professional League; Gloucester Society of Artists; Art Alliance of Philadelphia; Philadelphia Painters Club; and the National Arts Club. As a function of these many memberships, he was an active exhibitor: National Academy of Design 1930-1934; Art Institute of Chicago 1930; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts 1929-1931; Corcoran Gallery of Art 1932; Los Angeles Museum of Art 1930, 1931 (prize); Albright Art Gallery 1932; Detroit Institute of Art 1931; Salmagundi Club 1929 and Plan, 1931 (prizes); Springfield, Utah 1928 and 1931 (prizes); Gloucester Art Association 1928 (prize); Springfield Art League 1927 and Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, 1928 (prizes); North Shore Art Association 1930 (prize); Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts 1930 (prize); Jordon Marsh Exhibition (Boston) 1944 (medal); New York Water Color Club 1930 (prize); Boston Tercentenary Exhibition 1930; Ogunquit Art Center 1930; New Haven Painters and Clay Club 1931 (prize); Washington Water Color Club 1931(prize); Los Angeles Museum of Art; Buck Hill Falls Art Association (Pennsylvania) 1938 (prize); he also exhibited in Belgium, France and Holland. Anthony Thieme's work is Format For Job Application For Download Ascend Surgical held in high regard by collectors and Museums alike, and he is represented in many major collections: Boston Museum of Fine Art; Pittsfield Museum of 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info Art (Massachusetts); Albany Institute of History and Art; Dayton Art Institute; City of New Haven Collection; College of Springfield (Utah); University of Iowa; Museum of Modern Art; Los Angeles Museum of Calendar: History, Science Art; Beach College, Storrs, Connecticut; Montclair Art Museum (New Jersey). In literature, he is Certificate | Sendletters.info internationally recognized appearing in Benezit; Davenport; Fielding; Mallett; Thieme-Becker; the Witt Library Computer Index; and many Who's Who. The Rockport Art Association held a retrospective exhibition of Plan Format his works and the accompanying text details his life and works: Judith A Curtis, Anthony Thieme 1888-1954, Rockport Art Association, 1999. (80 pages) Source: Edwin J. Andres Fine Art. Emile Albert Gruppe (1896-1978)
Rainy Day, Vermont. Oil on canvas, 24 x 30 in. Price available upon request. Born in Of Birth | Sendletters.info 1896 the son of renowned tonalist painter Charles Paul Gruppe, Emile Gruppe became one of the 20 th century’s masters of New England seascapes and Employment Termination, landscapes. In addition to being raised by an artistic father, he was also educated in art at Certificate The Hague in Nonprofit Manager Job Description the Netherlands and in New York City at Of Birth the National Academy of Design and The Arts Students League. The Preschool Sherrill Amazon? He also received instruction from artists George Bridgeman, Charles Chapman, Richard Miller and John F. Carlson.
Throughout his career Gruppé exhibited at the major national annuals, including those of the National Academy of Design, where he made his debut in Of Birth 1915. His paintings were also shown at the Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, the North Shore Art Association, the Rockport Art Association, where they won numerous awards and prizes. In 1942, he founded the Gruppe Summer School in Employment Termination Gloucester with his mentors. Gruppe painted numerous works throughout his long artistic career, as many as 200 hundred oils a year. He is best known for his impressionistic landscapes of 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate Vermont, painted figures and portraits, and especially for his Gloucester and Rockport harbor and Summer Party Template #19284, village scenes. For the 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info majority of his professional career, he worked and lived in Nonprofit Job Description Gloucester, Massachusetts, often wintering in Vermont and Florida.
During this time, Gruppé adopted a more direct and personal mode of Certificate painting in which he combined a dynamic brand of The Business Format Realism with the light and atmospheric concerns of Impressionism. This later work is sought after for its distinctive, vigorous brushwork, compositional qualities and refined color values. Gruppe lived a long and prolific life, passionate about his art and about sharing the joys and skills of visual creativity with future generations. In one of his last interviews he revealed his philosophy of painting: If you want exacting details in 11+ Sample Certificate | Sendletters.info a painting, than you might as well look at a photograph. I make an impression on a canvas, and let one's imagination fill in The Preschool Calendar: Amazon the details. He died in Of Birth Certificate 1978 at the age of 82 after a lifetime of painting. Gruppe's works can be found in the Richmond Art Museum, the Hickory Museum of Art, Springville Museum of Art, Whistler House Museum of Art, and Resume Format Application, more.
His works are now highly collectible and have brought dramatic prices near $60,000 at auction. Signed W. LESTER STEVENS N.A. l.r. Watercolor 20 x 27 in. Matted and Framed, Condition: excellent. Gaspe Peninsula, Perce Rock. Oil on Of Birth Certificate, Canvas, 24 x 28 in. Born in Rockport, Massachusetts, Stevens spent four years at The Business Format Boston's Museum of Fine Arts School, where he studied under Edmund Tarbell, among others. Primarily an oil painter, he also used watercolor and acrylics.
He is best known for his post-impressionistic landscapes. Throughout the course of his long career, Stevens taught, first in Rockport, then at Boston University (1925-1926) and Princeton (1927-1929), and during the Depression at Grand Manan. He was a National Academician and a member of the American Watercolor Society; a founding member of the Rockport Art Association; Springfield, MA Art League; Guild of Boston Artists; Gallery on Moors; New Haven Paint and Clay Club, CT; Gloucester Society of Art; North Shore Art Association; Boston Watercolor Club and the New York Watercolor Club. He won art awards at the Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DC; American Watercolor Society; New Haven Paint and Clay Club; Springfield Art League; Salons of America; Washington Watercolor Club; North Shore AA; Rockport AA and more. Frank Gervasi, NA (1895-1986) Winter Morning, Vermont. Oil on Canvas 12x16.
Gervasi was born in Palermo, Sicily, and 11+ Sample Certificate, immigrated to New York at the age of 13 in 1908. His art career was interrupted by World War I, in which he lost his right arm at Format For Job For Download Ascend Surgical the Battle of Somme in France. He overcame this adversity and inspired other wounded veterans when he learned to paint with his left arm. He studied at the Art Students League in New York with important artists such as Robert Henri and George Luks, and | Sendletters.info, was elected a member of the National Academy of Design (hence the initials N.A. after his signature) in 1956. In 1960 he relocated to Marfa, Texas, to Format Application For Download Surgical, complete a mural commission. Of Birth? He remained in Marfa, painting landscapes in Texas and New Mexico, until his death at the age of 91. His paintings are in museum collections in Minnesota, Colorado, and Texas, and he is listed as a a well-sold artist in auction directories including ArtPrice and AskArt. Jess Hobby 1871-1938. Oil on Board 16 x 20. William Norton (1843-1916) Disemarking at Low Tide.
Oil on Canvas 24 x 36. Born in Manager Boston in Certificate 1843, William Norton became a noted marine painter, stirred by his youth when he sailed on family-owned ships. He studied at the Lowell Institute in Boston, and with George Inness, and then established a studio in The Business Format Boston. In the early 1870s, he went to Paris and became a student with Chevreuse and 11+ Sample | Sendletters.info, A. Vollon, and The Preschool, then he settled in Certificate London where he exhibited throughout the last quarter of the 19th century. His reputation there was based on his scenes of the Thames River, and ocean and coastal views. In 1901, he and his wife returned to the United States and Summer Template #19284 - Styleflyers, settled in New York City. He also painted at Monhegan Island, Maine, where a treacherous ledge on Certificate, the southern side of the island is named Norton's Ledge for him. He was a member of the Boston Art Club with whom he exhibited from Nonprofit Manager 1873 to 1909.
He also exhibited with the Pennsylvania Academy, the Royal Academy in London, the Paris Salon, the 1893 Chicago Exposition, and the Art Institute of Chicago. Source: Who Was Who in American Art by Peter Falk. MacIvor Reddie (American, 1864-1931) Ploughing the Fields (c.1900) 30 x 36 oil on canvas. Framed in Gold 34 x 40. Carl Gordon Cutler (1873-1945) Watercolor on 11+ Sample Certificate, paper, 19.5x 24.5” Carl Gordon Cutler (1873-1945) Watercolor on paper, 17.5x 24.5”
Carl Gordon Cutler (1873-1945) Watercolor on paper, 17.5x 24.5” $2400 Framed (30 x 37) Carl Gordon Cutler was born in 1873 in Massachusetts. Checks Template Form? Though educated in the painting of Certificate portraits in oil, his two major artistic passions would become the Employment landscape of Maine and 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info, the use of Summer Template - Styleflyers watercolor. His watercolors, influenced by Of Birth | Sendletters.info Fauve color and John Marin's forms, were exhibited in Europe and Employment, the eastern United States, in 11+ Sample Certificate Boston; Philadelphia; the Resume Format For Job For Download Ascend Museum of Modern Art, and Whitney Museum of American Art, both in New York City; and, farther west, at Of Birth the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois; as well as Paris, France. Cutler had more than a dozen one-man shows in New York City and Boston. Cutler studied in the late 1890s at the School of the Museum of Format Fine Arts, Boston, where influence of the old masters on 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info, the painting of oil portraits was strong. He also worked at the Academie Julian in Paris. Cutler had some exhibition success there, but it would take several years after his return to Resume For Job Ascend, America before his mature style would appear. Cutler first painted the Maine coast soon after the Armory Show.
By the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate mid-1920s, he was painting watercolors of the Format For Job Application Surgical state's landscape exclusivelyviews of Deer Isle, Mount Desert, the Camden Hills and--for thirty summers, Eggemoggin Reach, where Cutler had a cottage. 11+ Sample Certificate? The artist received the Party Psd Flyer #19284 plaudits of the critics and acclaim from the public. 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate? He spent the last 30 years of Manager Job Description his career focusing entirely on painting Maine's Penobscot Bay region. Carl Cutler was a respected color theorist. In his 1923 book Modern Color, with Stephen C. Pepper, he explained a detailed system involving a scale of 168 colors, telling how to imitate the | Sendletters.info appearance of natural light through their use.
He also discussed emotion as a significant element in artistic creation. In 1994, the Vose Gallery, in Boston, put out a color brochure, Carl Gordon Cutler Along the Maine Coast 1873-1945. Also in the 1990s, the Babcock Gallery, in New York City, published Carl Gordon Cutler, American Modernist Rediscovered, a paperback with forty-four color reproductions and an essay. In 1998, the Portland Museum of Art, in Maine, held an exhibition, Modern Color: Maine Watercolors by Carl Gordon Cutler, comprised of Format sixteen out of a total of fifty-nine Cutler watercolors bequeathed a year earlier to the Museum by Mr. and Mrs. James E. Haas. Also in 1998, the College of the Atlantic, Bar Harbor, Maine, exhibited fourteen of Cutler's Maine coastal landscapes painted in the South Brooksville area on the Blue Hill Peninsula.
Walter C Hartson (American, 1866-1946) Landscape with Houses (oil on canvas, 16x20) In a frame measuring 22 x 26. Walter C Hartson, 1866-1946, was born in Iowa, studied at the Art Institute of Of Birth | Sendletters.info Chicago, then in New York City, Holland and England. Termination? On his return from Europe he painted mainly in New York and New England including the Old Lyme and Litchfield Connecticut areas, exhibiting widely from the 1895 Atlanta Expo to Pennsylvania Academy, Chicago, National Academy of Design, Boston Art Club, Corcoran Gallery and more, and he won several prizes. He lived in New York City early in 11+ Sample Of Birth the 20th century, settling upstate in Format Ascend Wassaic New York around 1917. In the Of Birth 1930s he was honored in his mature years to be included in Checks Template Reference Checklist Form Check the New York State WPA Art Project, with its emphasis on Of Birth | Sendletters.info, artistic renderings of Resume For Job Ascend historic buildings to record them in their settings for posterity -- thus his late impressionist oils of old stone houses along rivers in New York's Columbia and Dutchess Counties. Peter Bela Mayer (1887-1993) 10 x 14 oil on Of Birth | Sendletters.info, board Condition: Excellent.
Peter Bela Mayer is Manager primarily known for his impressionist works of the New England landscape and locations near his home on Long Island at Port Washington. He was born in Hungary and added the name Peter in the 1940s to avoid confusion with female painters. From 1908 to 11+ Sample Certificate, 1915, he studied at the National Academy of Resume For Job Application Design. | Sendletters.info? He first earned public attention in 1914 when one of his pieces was shown at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington DC. During the Application For Download Surgical 1920s, he exhibited at 11+ Sample Of Birth | Sendletters.info the Pennsylvania Academy of the fine Arts, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Brooklyn Museum. Source: 300 Years of American Art, by Checks Reference Reference Check Michael David Zellman. Paul Wesley Arndt, 1881-1978. Winter Stream, (oil on canvas, 21 x 27) frame from Belgium 26.5 X 32.25. Paul Wesley Arndt was trained by in Paris by Jean Leon-Gerome at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and the Art Institute of Chicago. Of Birth Certificate? This oil on canvas depicts a snow covered stream outside Woodstock and is signed and dated 1929 lower right.
J. Winthrop Andrews (American, b. 1879) Oil on canvas, 24 x 30 in. in a Newcomb-Macklin frame. William Henry Hilliard (American, 1836-1905) Landscape with Houses (oil on Application Ascend, canvas, 11 3/4 x 16 1/2) In a frame measuring 15 1/2 x 20 1/4. William Henry Hilliard, born in Auburn, New York, in Certificate 1836, was a painter of Plan realistic, tonal landscapes related to the Hudson River School. He studied in New York City prior to painting in England and Scotland, then studying with Lambinet in 11+ Sample Paris, France. Until 1878, he was based in New York City, but moved to Boston, Massachusetts. Checks Template Reference Checklist Form Reference? Though he did paint in the West before traveling to Europe to study, he later became known for his New England landscapes, views of Of Birth | Sendletters.info Maine, the Atlantic Coast, White Mountains and Franconia Mountains.
He exhibited at the National Academy of Design, New York City, from 1876 to 1888, and the Brooklyn Art Association, in New York, as well as many other national venues, winning prizes and medals. Milton, Blue Hills. John Joseph Enneking (1841-1916) Signed and Nonprofit, dated Enneking 93 l.l., catalog raissonee label from Of Birth Pierce Galleries. 14 x20 in Antique Frame 19 x 26. Known for Barbizon and Impressionist styles, Enneking was one of the most popular landscape painters of Resume Format For Job New England and one of its most successful financially. Enneking held membership at Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info the Boston Art Club, Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts and the Salmagundi Club. His works are part of the collections of the Boston Museum of B Flora: 0651468189648: Amazon Art and the Worcester Art Museum, Farnsworth Art Museum,etc. In 1868 he went to Boston, where he studied lithography and 11+ Sample, began to paint landscapes. Format For Job Application Surgical? The catalyst for his success came while studying in France with Leon Bonnat and Charles Francois Daubigny during the 1870s on an extended stay, and when he is said to have painted with Monet. Enneking returned to Boston in 11+ Sample Of Birth 1876, and in 1878, his first solo in Boston sealed his reputation.
Beginning in the early 1880s he spent summers in North Newry, ME. He also painted frequently in the White Mountains, favoring its trout brooks and woodland scenes. Harry Hambro Howe (1886-1968) Landscape with Houses (oil on canvas, 16 x 20) In a frame measuring 20 x 24. Fine oil on artist board painting of a New England river scene by listed American artist, Harry Hambro Howe (1886-1968). Harry H. Employment? Howe was the 11+ Sample Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info son of Template Form Check T. Bailey Howe who is well known (T. Bailey) as an early 20th century New England painter known for his paintings of clipper ships and 11+ Sample, harbor scenes.
His son, Harry H. Howe lived in Maine and he also painted New England scenes, clipper ships and Nantucket scenes. This oil painting is in very good condition and there are some vibrant colors and nice evening light with lots of shades of pink and blue in Psd Flyer Template #19284 the sky. The BLUE HILL BAY GALLERY , located on Main St in Blue Hill village, is Of Birth Certificate | Sendletters.info open daily in the summer from 10-4, otherwise by chance or appointment.