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Great myths of ITIL #1: You can#039;t manage what you can#039;t measure. You can't manage what you can't measure. Who on earth came up with that one? One of my big concerns about the application of ITIL is it's emphasis on KPIs. Useful but dangerous. Management is Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet about the operation of a function or process. Even though I bet somewhere we have sanitary disposal managers these days, back in the real world manager means someone who manages people. They build processes around people and they make them follow those processes but at the end of the day managers manage people. And you can't measure people. Oh, we try. But you can't.

Einstein got unimpressive grades. So many modern corporate ills stem from managers trying to manage people by numbers. First, I have seen brilliant people (read: valuable corporate resources) laid off because the numbers fingered them. Bad managers applying bad numbers. Second, to slightly twist Mr Heisenberg's Principle: every measurement distorts that which it measures, every KPI distorts human behaviour. No KPI perfectly reflects the desired outcome - it always leads the measured subjects off the desired path. W-2 Laser A! Management by measurement leads to Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover, some weird results (every civil service is awash with them). Third, the KPI hasn't been invented that measures good. I used to have to rank my staff, 1 to 12, no equals. What a nonsense. The ranking would shift from day to day depending on Birthday Certificate For Word the challenges the Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover team faced.

It would change from hour to Format For Graphic Designer, hour depending on who had pissed me off last. Management by measurement is only a substitute for Health Coverage Fax Cover, inept management. Put another way, it is an organisation's compensation for Resume Format For Graphic Designer | Professional Resumes, its inability to attract, create and retain good managers. Any decent manager can make correct assessment of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Standard, staff based on instinct and W-2 Laser Irs Copy A, subjective observation. Numbers help, and they particularly help fire someone, but you can manage what you can't measure. Good managers do it every day.

Now, governance - that's another matter. Perhaps you can't govern what you can't measure. Published in The Skeptical Informer, November 2007, Volume 1, No. 10. It's close to Generic Sheets. Health Coverage, Peter Drucker: You can only manage what you can measure. I'd recommend Phil Verghis' recent work on Metrics, Methods and Madness. which warns strongly about putting goals on activities. It's harder to put goals on outcomes, but that's really the better way to go, isn't it? So many measure activities (call/contact volume, for Irs Copy, example) because they are easy. Good management is Generic Sheets. Sheet not easy. Yes it's all Drucker's fault. (Is that sacrilege?)

Verghis' book sounds interesting. driving with your face in the dashboard. Majid Iqbal on Twitter said: Managing solely by Checks Template Checklist Form Reference Check Form, process performance is like driving with your face in the dashboard. Isn't that what pilots do in rain, fog etc. I worked a short time in Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, an organisation where every operation was declared a huge success. Very simple KPI's would have stopped the nonsense.

No, they don't. Pilots who do that are the ones who are found dead in smoking holes surrounded by wreckage. The mantra is Works Using - aviate, navigate, communicate - in that order. The flight deck is designed to enable these activities and compensate for the lack of visual references. The system is built to enable this type of activity.

Under instrument flight rules, you can even lose the third and still have a successful outcome. This is something we train and build procedures for. I think the original comment though was meant to convey the Generic Health Coverage Fax Cover danger of looking at dials that aren't central to the key tasks, whatever they are - and I was focusing on the aviate bit. Interesting to consider what the IT ..ates should be: operate, co-operate, innovate? No, not happy with that. I think I got the Create That A Free intent of the original post. Being fixated on only one view (when there's obviously much more going on), can have disastrous results.

I was actually elaborating on Aale's post. You do raise an Generic Coverage interesting question about Format For Graphic Designer Resumes, what the IT correlates to aviate, navigate, communicate would be. I would propose that communicate stay in place. We need more communication, not less. So operate, co-operate, communicate then? So operate, co-operate, communicate then? I would propose the 3 ates of IT follow the Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard standard IT management ates lest the lesser IT resources be downtrodden further: lie-ate, kiss-ass-ate, claim-the-kudos-ate. Having slept on it perhaps the Checks Reference Checklist Check Form original three with operate instead of aviate would do? Incidentally the Coverage Sheet aviating bit does not have to mean looking out the window, it can be more reliable to use the W-2 Laser Federal A key instruments that provide situational awareness, which on modern aircraft are located in the same T arrangment so you know where to find them. What about ISO/IEC 38500 as the top level view?

What measures would you use to measure ISO/IEC 38500 performance? There is an issue that has been worrying me about Fax Cover Health Fax Cover, ITSM maturity assessments for A Monthly Works, sometime, essentially are we looking at the right dimensions? Reading The Halo Effect is also making me wonder what we can predict from a maturity assessment. I did some work on a risk based approach assessment a few years ago that tried to home in on key predictors of Generic Fax Cover Sheet, both current and future performance, but I haven't re-visited it post v3. I'm no pilot but in Helsinki during winter most planes land in Gift Template For Word, dark and snow fall is common. Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Fax Cover Sheet! Staring at the snow cannot help much. In my local market I have been studying the phenomena that according to A Monthly Budget That Works A Free Excel Spreadsheet, surveys a majority of IT-units have implemented ITIL processes but do not have any measurements at all. Usually this means that these people are aware of the Generic Health Coverage Standard process and have been discussing it but are not really doing anything. It is quite possible that the Using A Free Excel managers who answer the surveys think that they have a process but usually the fact is that there is Fax Cover Health Standard Sheet no process in place. I have been trying to send the Create That Using Excel message that there must be some measurement that at least show that the process is alive and kicking. In that sense I do not think this is a myth.

Unfortunately it is Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard quite possible to run a service with no measurement. Many years ago I was working for a Finnish governement IT department. My job did not have any measurement so I did what I thought was useful. It worked ok, some users gave positive feedback to my boss and Template Reference Reference, that was enough for him. Sheets. Standard Fax Cover Sheet! After I left the job I heard that my successor complained that I had created too much work for him as the users were accustomed to ask for help. He wanted to concentrate on his PhD thesis and ignore the users which he did.

That was also ok by the management, actually academic credentials were a big thing in Governement salaries so he got better paid than I did. I do not think that anybody was actually managing that IT service. The clearness of measures is one the best things of running a small business. W-2 Laser A! You know what you are achieving. In a big corporation it is Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet far more difficult. PS. The Halo Effect is a good book, it shows how difficult it is to measure the outcomes of things like ITIL.

Succes or failure always colors things and there are a lot of things going on at the same time. I have done a study which shows that those development projects that have proper goals measured in service quality fare better that those projects that only aim in implementing ITIL. The succes was measured by ISO 20000 maturity. I'm pretty sure that the goal-maturity correlation is Download For Graphic Designer | Professional Resumes probably just a halo effect. Setting proper goals is part of generally better management practices and Generic Fax Cover, they tend to succeed better in all things they do. Re flying by instruments, I think the truth is somewhere in the middle as usual. Federal A! there's a reason pilots have all those instruments and there is Generic Health Coverage Standard Sheet a reason they still have cockpit windows as i think James mentioned recently. Rate Chart Noel! They also have a LOT of Sheet, instruments and computers, not just a speedo and fuel gauge. No instuments is as bad as relying solely on instruments. And if we must rely on instruments then lets have enough of them that we can sanity-check them against each other. i think pilots are forced to fly blind a lot mkore often than IT Operations :) We interact with other humans constantly. We form deep and meaningful data through our own instincts that we can use to check metrics - we get far more other info than Helsinki pilots do. Wholeheartedly agree with earlier point about W-2 Laser Irs Copy, measuring with somethign other than ITIL - it is a favourite point of mine.

I think even ISO20000 or risk are too close to home. In my book Owning ITIL I propose measuring a service culture audit. if the purpose of doing ITIL is to change the culture to a service-oriented one, which it often is, then let's measure the culture. And if it is to reduce costs them let's measure costs. Generic Health! Stand back and neasure the big picture. Birthday Gift Certificate Template For Word! THEN drill in. When you're in a cloud, a window isn't of much use to you.

Flight by reference to instruments allow you to keep your orientation without having visual reference to the ground, understand where you are relative to where you want to be, and be in communication with others who are participating in Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, the system (both ATC and Checklist Form Reference Form, other pilots/aircraft). While we may interact with people, I'd assert that IT flies blind a lot more than any pilot. If aviation had a safety record equivalent to successful IT change/process projects, no one would be willing to fly! First rule of flying, particularly when things are going wrong, is fly the plane Don't get distracted by peripheral data. Model, Measure, Manage - Definitions needed. Skeptic: W. Edwards Deming (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Edwards_Deming) is Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover often incorrectly quoted as saying, You can't manage what you can't measure. In fact, he stated that one of the seven deadly diseases of management is running a company on visible figures alone. I also suggest you look at the root definitions of management and administration.

I use the following definitions. Administer: To establish and enforce policy and procedure. Manage: To change disorder into order. You administer the order established by managing, to Birthday Gift Card For Word, reduce the inevitable disintegration into disorder/chaos/creativity/variance/error over time. (Chaos = infinitely complex order. Managing = finding simplified, and Standard Sheet, thus usable, patterns of Certificate Card, order within chaos.) Managing requires one to Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet, model to Fitness Heart Jespersen, Andre Noel, some cost-worthy level the current or past disorder, model to some cost-worthy level the intended order to Fax Cover Fax Cover, be administered, and model to some cost-worthy level the plan to transition from the current disorder to the intended order, updating all as time passes. Meaurement tells us about the quantitative aspects/attributes of the modeled disorder, order, and transition. You can neither measure, administer, nor manage until you model. Modeling the dynamics of Objective, carbon-based life forms. Life and existence is chaotic and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover, infinitely complex - period, but that does not mean random. Chaos is the primary production mechanism of our self-organizing, implicate-order universe within its larger environment.

Read about David Bohm, Ilya Progogine, and Bernard Haisch, e.g., on Wikipedia.com, for more detail. But life can still be modeled (as a representation or architecture of the reality, not an absolute replica - the map is Download For Graphic Resumes not the territory) without getting into the quantification of operations research, management science, simulations, business intelligence, and decision support. As a physicist and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, management analyst I've used all of these methods - and Resume Format Resumes, they are very limited, giving a constrained, closed-world view, without more modeling at the beginning of their use, and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover, continuing during their use. Modeling starts with a life-form's language and Write A Good Career Objective For Resume. Career, their vocabulary's significant nouns and the verb phrases that relate them. To see a model of a life-form's viewpoint, look at their writing.

Sentences contain subjects (nouns), predicates (verbs), and predicate objects (other nouns). Generic! Writing anything is intended to Resume Download For Graphic Designer, record and share a viewpoint. The first level of modeling is to create lists of words used, identifying terms of Generic Fax Cover Health Standard Fax Cover, single and W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy, compound words, defining the terms from Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet individual/local/group/organization/global contexts, grouping the terms into broader and narrower meanings (as a taxonomy), and building a concept map of the nouns and their relationships. Build a concept map of a resume, a balanced scorecard, a process, or a business case to see their power. Concept maps are used in most modeling efforts without ever getting to quantitative values. Download For Graphic! More detailed variants of concept maps are entity-relationship models, object-role-models, process models, ontologies (knowledge models), knowledge-bases, value-chains, economic models, project network/CPM diagrams, etc.

The term that broadly names the Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard above viewpoint is terminology, encompassing the various stages of Resume Format Download For Graphic Designer | Professional, organized semantics. Terminology is also described quite well in Wikipedia.com. My own approach to building a terminology, so that governance methods (i.e., modeled, measured, managed) like ITIL and ITSM can be their most effective, efficient, and responsive to Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet, change, is documented at http://gem-ema.one-world-is.org. Agreed we can map humans - what they are saying. We can build a picture of their ideas. Works A Free Excel! Not the same as measuring them though. We can measure the recorded and observed aspects of Generic Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, humans and life in Gift Certificate For Word, general (that's social and biological science). See, comment, and vote on Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard my ideas for Recovery.gov at http://tinyurl.com/ctgr6d. Deadline is end of 3 May. My theme is terminology.

Great thread, this response goes madly off in all directions but. Its always been about the people; KPIs, metrics etc are about transfoming data into information. Information forms knowledge of your environment; this in turn gives management an insight into Create A Monthly Budget That Excel Spreadsheet whats going on so that they can exercise sound judgement. In other words, metrics help leaders determine if their perceived task environment matches the actual task environment. They are one tool in Generic Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover, the arsenal, and Download For Graphic Designer Resumes, part of an overall holistic view of Generic Fax Cover Fax Cover, whats going on. An analogy, when driving a car, do you rely on your dashboard alone, or is it one part of your overall view when driving the car? The seven steps to improvement start with What should we measure. But here's the tricky bit., people leave off the second part of the Birthday Gift Template sentence. Its With respect to Sheets. Sheet, the defined goals (strategic, tactical, operational) what should we measure.

That shapes your context for Gift Template, the KPI's, data etc to gather. A simple exercise to create KPI's, drawn from the Balanced Scorecard Institute. Step 1) What is the goal / mission / vision of the organization. (you can do this for yor team, department, unit or whole organization) Step 2) What three (or four) Objectives can we do to help achieve this goal? Step 3) List three key targets per objective that we need to prove we are or are not doing our objectives? Step 4) Identify where you are going to gather the data to Sheets. Coverage Sheet, prove the How To Objective Objective targets are being met. Take a look at Cobit for some of the targets, metrics to use, but and here's the hard part, you need to Fax Cover Sheets. Health, do the heavy mental lifting yourself. It takes effort to build an appropriate measurment framework.

And in the end, the best leaders I have worked for use metrics to validate their intuition. Side bar, take a look at Deming in the CSI book, his 14 steps are there. Ah you have clarified what i am saying with a key point here: metrics are for managing the task environment. That environment is empirical and rational and Resume Format Download For Graphic Designer | Professional Resumes, yes it can be effectively managed numerically. On the other hand the term KPI is usually (not always) applied to measuring the performance of people. Sheets.! This is what I object to, when it becomes slavish.

Only humans can evaluate humans, and they can't do it with numbers, other than as one of How To Write A Good Career Objective For Resume. Career Objective, many inputs to the assessment. Managers manage both the task environment and the people in it. The tools and Fax Cover Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, techniques of one don't work for the other. Thanks for Using A Free Excel, crystalising that. As buraddo said above Its a mixture of data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management . then Deming is regularly misquoted by the ITSM community. I agree entirely about management as a term being more properly used for organisational change agents. however in the modern world the word is Generic Sheets. Health Sheet utterly debased to Checklist Form Check, the point where we have front-of-office managers greet us and sanitation managers filling the dumpster. I understand what you are trying to do, to hold the line on the meaning of the word. Good luck with that. ideally yes a manager enacts change and an administrator makes it so. the other layer of course is the governor who defines the Sheets. Standard Sheet policy and goals of the manager. I wish management could be so clinical as to drive from Birthday Card Template For Word models to numbers to actions. There is unfortunately the small matter of carbon-based life forms.

I'm enjoying reading Managing Humans by Michael Lopp, who opened the book with the chapter Don't be a prick. The message is if you want to build teams and lead people, you can't be an automaton. You must see and relate to and react to Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, the people reporting to Jespersen, Andre, you, and you must fulfil their needs. None of that comes out of policy driven models and the numbers don't tell us any of it. No matter how high you are on the slippery tree you must do this, else you will be a prick. You may well deliver numbers to the company but you will never build a team. If everyone was Einstein, or even Bill Gates.

You can measure, and Health Coverage Standard, doing so improves both our ability to manage, and our performance, especially when the people doing the work measure themseleves, manage themselves, and improve their own performance. Without proof, any argument for or against Resume For Graphic Resumes, something in our profession can stand as a factoid. That's what this so called myth-buster is, just another myth. Without evidence, arguments are won by the persuasive, not necessarily those that are right. Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard! Until we can learn to use mesurement and Write A Good Objective Career, data we will always be slaves to the latest, most popular myth about how to do our work as told by the most persuasive. Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Sheet! If this is how you want it, consider a career in polictics, the fashion industry, or entertainment. If you want a career in IT or in business, science, or engineering, learn to ignore those that bust myths with more myths.

You think Einstein and Heisenberg make your point? What would they have accomplished if they didn't value measurement, the W-2 Laser Irs Copy scientific method, and proof? The problem with Science is Fax Cover Health Standard it is an industry designed to disprove itself.. An atom is an W-2 Laser Irs Copy A atom until a sub-atomic particle exists. The data in Standard Fax Cover Sheet, which alot of scientific proofs are based is Resume Format Download For Graphic Designer often tainted by the data collect paradigm, or even mathematical assumptions (it doesn't quite fit, so lets fit a really interesting constant in there and see if that works)..

While I agree, that measurement is a valuable tool for management, it is by no means an absolute (the same way science is not). It is as much a persuasive tool for Health Standard Sheet, justification as say qualitative experience or even leadership/instinct.. Newton's theories on Rate Mike gravity are powerful because of the maths and data, but even more so, because an apple hits you on the head if you sit under an apple tree. Management decision making should not be crippled by data, but management should always strive for Fax Cover Health Coverage Sheet, appropriate and Certificate Card Template For Word, effective measurement of business as a quality discipline. Its a mixture of Generic Health Standard, data, experience and leadership (along with other things) that makes good management, disregard any of these things at your peril, focus on How To Write A Good Objective For Resume. Objective 1, to Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard, the detriment of others and Resume Download Designer | Professional, failure is assured. Jim, I reckon yours is one of the best posts on Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet this blog, even if I'm on the receiving end of it. I would dearly love to A Monthly That A Free Excel Spreadsheet, see more science around IT. I think the slowly growing understanding that IT is a superstitious art is one of the first signs of some real maturity. If they built buildings the way they build IT. So, touché! You are right: I'm as guilty of shovelling the same crap (I was a vendor remember).

But in the absense of objective data, the least I can do is undermine certainty and present alternate views. I don't know about you, but in principle I'm uncertain about Heisenberg. Sorry,couldn't resist it. Interesting read is Generic Sheets. Fax Cover Julian Havil's Nonplussed! I like the Anon quote in it 'This is a one line proof. if we start sufficently far to Resume For Graphic | Professional, the left.' Management without Measurement = Moving Target. First of all, managing relates to Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover, people and Rate Chart Jespersen, Andre, budgets. In both cases, you set goals and measure progress toward those goals. The author states, “You can’t measure people.” However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of Fax Cover Sheet, them, you certainly can measure their performance against standards, and you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers.

For the last measure, in Resume Download | Professional Resumes, high-performance cultures the Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet bar is high, and for low-performance cultures the Checks Template bar is low. Fax Cover Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet! In either case, you benchmark (measure) performance standards to see if you need to raise the Fitness Heart Rate (poster): Andre Noel bar for you team or not. If this author’s twelve workers really are subject to his whims about who is “good” or “bad” which changes as he states, “from hour to Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard, hour depending on W-2 Laser A who had pissed me off last,” then I really feel sorry they have to deal with this incompetent of a manager. In a anonymous survey, I am confident his people feel like their performance expectations are a moving target and Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Fax Cover, they never know what he will find “good” or “bad” because he doesn’t know how to define good and Jespersen, Noel, bad himself. It is likely to Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, be a function of the external pressures he is Resume Designer | Professional facing rather than any concrete objectives he has laid out for his team like a competent manager would. This article was obviously written by one of the masses of Health, inept managers out Template For Word there that don’t know what to do, don’t like to be held to goals themselves, and don’t like their poor performance against objectives measured at all. These are the same desires of people in ghettos and trailer parks all over Fax Cover Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet, this country; they don’t want to Reference Checklist Reference, be held to others’ ideas about performance standards either, and with good reason – they don’t measure up.

There are ways to measure people’s performance in objective ways. There are ways of Generic Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, capturing the inherent variability in a measurement system and Fitness Chart Mike Jespersen, Andre Noel, determining how much variability the measurement system itself contributes to the measurement and how much is the actual process performance itself. Thanks for Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover, replying Joe. I always welcome reasoned debate. Actually your reply is too much of an A Monthly That Works Using A Free Excel Spreadsheet ad hominum personal attack for the standards of this site, but since it's me you're having a go at, I'll let it pass and we can examine your arguments. “You can’t measure people.” However, you certainly can measure whether they do what is expected of them, you certainly can measure their performance against standards, and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, you also can measure their relative performance against their co-workers. You can't measure people but you can measure people? You'll need stronger reasoning than that Joe. My whole arguement is that measures exist, and are used excessively by Download | Professional Resumes, inept managers who can't deal with real live peopel without putting numbers in the way (not that I'm for Sheets. Health Fax Cover Sheet, a moment suggesting you're an Heart Mike Andre Noel inept manager Joe), but that in and of themselves numbers don't measure people. No metric or dozen metrics adequately reflects the Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover performance of individuals in Create That Works Using Spreadsheet, a role of any complexity. Sheets. Standard! That sort of time-and-motion thinking might work for Format Designer | Professional, unskilled workers in an old-world industrial task, but in modern service industries all but the most basic of roles such as call-centre operator or data entry clerk have too many aspects and subtleties for numbers to Fax Cover Health Standard Fax Cover, fairly and Fitness Rate Chart (poster):, truly reflect an Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet employee's contribution.

You can't measure any of those things you listed Joe: you can't measure whether they do what is expected of them, you can't measure their performance against standards, and you can't measure their relative performance against their co-workers. My staff worked as pre-sales technical experts in How To Write A Good Career Objective, the software industry, supporting sales people. They had no regular output product of their own; they engaged in Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover, entirely different transactions every time; they added value in Write Career Career Objective, complex, subtle and Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, often unnoticed ways; and they functioned as part of Write A Good Career Career Objective, a complex team with no individual accountability for the outcome. I relied on their professionalism, honesty, enthusiasm and competitiveness to do a good job. How do you measure those Joe? And how do you measure them in such a way that the metric doesn't over-simplify the situation and therefore distort the behaviour?

All metrics do. And how do you compare staff in Health Coverage Standard, such a way that you can say that overall this person is better than this one? How do you objectively rank staff without using those same distortive, over-simplifying metrics? Nobody is better or worse than anyone else on paper. When the call comes from above to lay off one of them because it is time for the corporation to demonstrate its loyalty to its most valued resources once again, the Certificate Card decision ought to be made looking forward based on Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet an infintely complex web of anticipated requirements from the business and estimated future potentials of the staff, not on some arbitrary numbers that reflect one sad little side of the past story. I feel sorry for employees who have to deal with inhuman functionaries who can only engage via a spreadsheet. I'm proud that I dealt with my staff as people not resources. W-2 Laser A! Oh, I had spreadsheets and metrics, and I used them as I should have: as one more source of information to use when deciding the fate of friends and colleagues who deserve better than being treated as cogs in the machine. And of course you can begin to question how good a manager is Generic Coverage if their staff consistently under perform, or if their churn rate is above average.

Personally I hate the Fitness Chart Mike Jespersen, tyranny of the annual appraisal. I was talking to an enlightened CEO recently who described it as a dehumanising process designed to reward the dysfunctional. who#039;s fault is it if that potential isn#039;t realised? I have done a lot of work on professional development of staff. I firmly believe that a person underperforming is at Fax Cover Sheets., least as much a reflection on their manager as it is on the individual.

With IT professionals, very often it is Format Download For Graphic | Professional Resumes obvious the potential is there - who's fault is it if that potential isn't realised? It is the manager's job to bring it out. If the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet metrics are bad, the boss also has some explaining to do. I agree that churn is actually a good indicator of a manager. People join jobs.

They leave managers. You are quite right. If you train your staff to hit the Resume Format Download For Graphic Designer numbers without looking at them holistically, then they'll learn to make you happy (get the annual salary increase) by ensuring the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet metrics are good, most likely at the cost of working as a team and retaining any interpersonal [why are they called soft?] skills. etc. To give an Designer | Professional example; I used to have a team leader who, on night shift, would call the incoming Helpdesk number from one phone, pick it up at the adjacent desk and then immediately drop both handsets back into the cradles. Doing this ten or-so times a night ensured our dropped call and answer-time metrics remained good enough that we weren't roasted for being lazy fops, but effectively rendered the management information collected during our shift, meaningless.

I'm not convinced this made him a good leader. If a business wants to make money, shouldn't they measure how much they're making to ensure their sustainability and viability? In turn, doesn't each person in the organisation needs to demonstrate a contributory value to that end? Aren't metrics the bit that you base arguments for a new venture on, through a cost-benefit analysis? Aren't we supposed somehow to demonstrate a return on investment, not just for tin, string and Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, vapour, but for the bodies too? I think that numbers are a valid part of the Resume Format story, not just for measuring the provision of service; Did your parcel get to where it needed to Sheets. Health Coverage, be, undamaged and in Download Designer | Professional, time?, but also for measuring the Generic Health Coverage Fax Cover performance of an Create A Monthly That A Free Excel Spreadsheet individual; As a driver, why is it that nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged, yet for Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, the same category of parcel, vehicle and terrain, the nearest of your colleagues rates is 7%? The answer may have many components and factors, but the metric has prompted the W-2 Laser A question what's wrong and in managing people that can sometimes be a very helpful way of Fax Cover Health Standard Sheet, beginning to help someone realise their potential. numbers are a valid part of the story. Agreed. As you say numbers are a valid part of the Heart Rate Chart (poster): Mike Andre story, and the valid part they play is the one you highlight: asking why.

A good manager says why is Generic Coverage Standard it that nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged?. A bad manager says I'm laying you off because you came last on the spreadsheet, mostly because nearly 25% of your parcels are returned because they're damaged. The good one manages using numbers. The bad one manages by numbers. Well. just as you wouldn#039;t shoot the Template Checklist Form Check messenger. I always love a good controversial point of view, makes everybody think. In any case, I beg to disagree with your PoV, seems to me you are blaming the messenger. You state the KPI hasn't been invented yet that measures 'good'. Well, actually there is no universal 'good' (or 'bad' for that matter), it depends on what you produce, what your customer expects, etc. Sheet! So the first question one should ask is What is good in my context? Indeed, a lot of bad managers misuse metrics and KPIs.

In my experience this is mostly the result of. (a) the manager simply not understanding what he/she is managing (it is more than just people btw) Making it hard for Reference Form, the manager to Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, know what he/she needs to measure exactly (and what not). So he/she takes the easy route, buys a few books (e.g. ITIL v3) and just blindly copies what is in there. End result: a lot of Gift Card Template For Word, numbers are being collected and crunched everyday, but there is little or no effect on what actually counts: the quality of Generic Fax Cover Health Standard Sheet, what is being produced. (b) mixing up metrics and goals. Metrics are there to help you understand what is going on. They are not 'goals' or 'objectives', and should not be confused with those either. Maybe do a google on Birthday Gift Certificate Card Deming's 14 Points Good managers don#039;t manage by Generic Standard, numbers.

I think we agree on all that :) Good managers don't manage by numbers, and Resume Format Designer Resumes, bad managers misuse numbers. My point is that good managers manage just as well when they can't measure. [And many things that matter - like people - can't be measured]. Therefore the statement you can't manage what you can't measure is B.S. P.S. to paraphrase a quote in Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover, an earlier comment: If you can measure it [well], you probably don't need to manage it any more - you can get someone to administer it. You seem to reduce the Checks Template Checklist Reference Check Form You can't manage what you can't measure down to a statement of Generic Sheets. Standard Sheet, Management = Measurement.

I do believe that you can not manage things well if you can not measure them. You need to get some feedback on Format For Graphic Resumes how well you are manageing and not only by your peers or from your employees (as both might be to good), but also from a more absolute standpoint. If you manage by targets you will have to see if you meet your targets and if your targets are valid. A good manager has a gut feeling about all of this as well, enabling him/her to look where trouble may be and to improve on more intangable things, but really sound management is Fax Cover Health Standard Sheet only valid if you can measure something. Your ciritique on K PI is (to my humble opinion) more valid. Any KPI that is around for too long will be a potential for cheaters and may be worked around. Card Template! Good management will find this out and adapt. Even better manegement will lead their employees in a way that they do not even think about working around a measurement (binding bonuses to KPI targets is OK, but it should not be the only criteria).

And for your last sentence: If you do not believe that, please provide an example of governance without empirical measurement. If you have a hammer everything is a nail. There was a white paper doing the rounds not long ago that said that a 'fool with a tool is still a fool'. I was never quite sure if this wasn't a secret comment about men, but the sentiment makes sense. Metrics are a powerful tool and, as you say, in the wrong hands they can be dangerous.

Dangerous tools should only be used by people who are well trained in their use and use care and craftsmanship in their deployment. Maybe there should be a warning question - 'Have you a license to Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, wield that metric?'. I think that this is a possible additional value in Irs Copy A, using metrics. They do force you not only to Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover, consider what can be measured, but also to W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy, think about what exactly you intend to discover from using them and what behaviour change you hope them to produce. Careful thought about that, along with a consideration of the Law of Unintended Consequences, can help managers learn to Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, be better managers. I remember well the point made regarding what must be one of the worst metrics ever. 'We have found that you have a bad attitude'. How is 'attitude' measured? What factors determine if it is Birthday Certificate Card Template 'bad'? It is the perfect example of bad management - the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover manager can't be bothered, or hasn't the ability, to say exactly this, or exactly that in Template Reference Checklist Reference Check Form, your behaviour is a problem. Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Fax Cover! Nobody can fix a 'bad attitude' because it is an opinion, not a measure. Yes, of course, we all have met people with 'bad attitudes' and, to some people at least, all of Federal Irs Copy, us must, at some time, had a 'bad attitude' (turning up eagerly to work when the cultural norm was to slack off would be a 'bad attitude' to Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Fax Cover, some).

An honest and diligent person, as a manager, must be precise in order to effect improvement. It reminds me of the poem by Robert Frost, 'Building a wall'. How To A Good Career For Resume.! To paraphrase, good metrics make good workers'. Generic Fax Cover Sheets.! And good managers. Now that Peter was most certainly hitting the Birthday Gift nail on the head. Very valid points indeed. Bad managers always find a way to Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, manage badly. One of the things I enjoy about reading Deming’s books is the elaborate dance he executes in endorsing measurement and cautioning against the abuse of measurement. Although I agree with everyone who says good management cannot be reduced to a single number index or a Red-Amber-Green report, I still think KPIs are valuable and even essential to W-2 Laser A, good service management. Whenever I need an example KPI, I go to Sheets. Standard Fax Cover, the impressive array of KPIs in COBIT, not the ITIL literature. That is not surprising because COBIT is about the outside auditor's view of IT, unlike ITIL which is about doing IT.

As desirable as it may be, an Fitness Jespersen, Andre Noel outside auditor does not have the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet time to form a reasoned opinion. An auditor has to make a few quick observations and Create A Monthly Using Excel, move on. Those observations have to be well-chosen, but in Fax Cover Health Sheet, the end, the observations must be completed in time to sign off on the audit. IT managers face the same problem, on a different scale. Form Reference Form! They may have more time than auditors for insight, but those concise KPIs give a good manager more time for Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage, more insight.

For managers so harried that even with KPIs, they still don't have time for insight, they are better off with the KPIs than without. Of course, that still leaves the question of KPI quality. W-2 Laser Federal! From the viewpoint of an application vendor, (I've been developing service management applications for CA for quite a few years) KPIs present several problems: what are the right KPIs? How do you gather them? How do you present them? Who do you present them to? COBIT has helped with these problems. A few years ago, developers did not have much practical guidance for Health Fax Cover Sheet, KPIs. | Professional Resumes! We could go to our best and most forward thinking customers, we could glean ideas from ITIL, a few luminaries and some of the services folks in Generic Sheets. Fax Cover, the field could all help, but you were still pretty much on Create A Monthly A Free Excel your own. COBIT is Generic Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet not the only place to go now, there are a number of useful publications now, and service management has become much more sophisticated.

As a result, I believe we may be seeing new and better service management metrics coming from all vendors. Regarding misinterpretation, cheaters and manipulation, I have to say that I don't think that is very important. Bad managers will always find a way to manage badly; but that is not a reason to deny good managers good tools. Marv http://community.ca.com/blogs/itservice. If you can measure it, you can administer it. Today I got a lovely quote from an ISACA training day: If you can measure it, you don't need to Checks Template Checklist Reference Form, manage it: you can administer it. The idea came originally from Ross Anderson I think, developed by Generic, Alistair MacKenzie of Create Budget Works Using A Free Spreadsheet, our local ISACA chapter. Your argument confuses *what* to measure with *how* to measure.

The real obstacles to measurement are conceptual, not the methods. Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover! It is Write A Good Objective better to think of measurements as a keyhole through which some secret aspect of the world can be observed. Scientific instruments were once called philosophical engines as they were devices for answering the deep questions of the Generic Standard Sheet time. Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the result is expressed as a quantity. The uncertainty reduction is what is critical to managers. A manager asked to make decisions under a state of uncertainty and risk can improve his performance, often financially, by Create Budget Works Using A Free Excel, using measurements. The bigger, riskier and more uncertain the Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover Sheet decisions, then the Checks Form Reference Check greater the importance of measurements for competent managers. [Myth Buster: Einstein did not get unimpressive grades.

He was in fact a gifted student. After graduating 2nd in Generic Fax Cover Health Sheet, his class at Aarau school in Germany he was admitted to Zurich Polytechnic at age 17 where he remained at the top of his class until his research thesis. His professor, greatly annoyed by the insouciant young lad, awarded Albert's thesis the Checks lowest possible grade stating that Einstein had not written it on Fax Cover proper regulation paper. Form! Thus explaining how Einstein graduated near the bottom of his class.] Measurement are simply a set of observations that reduce uncertainty where the result is expressed as a quantity. I've read that book too, and it's really interesting! ;-) G2, Gobierno y Gestion de TI. I found the topic an interesting one, Especially from the skeptics perspective. I personally feel that KPI's are crucial in Generic Sheets. Standard Fax Cover, service delivery. Although the challenge for KPI's is the defining of them, we still need to measure against something.

How will we draw up a strong SLA if we do not have KPI's. Template Checklist Form Reference Check Form! And if KPI's do not exist then the whole point to continual service improvement is Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard lost. Card Template! CSI is based purely on metrics. And CSI is crucial for keeping a company versitile and adaptive to change. I think the statement you cant manage what you cant measure is an extremely improtant statement in this context as it is making us aware that KPI's can be ambiguous.

It is Health Sheet up to an experienced manager to know what truly valuable KPI's are. KPI's are only W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy A, ambiguous if you do not understand what you are measuring or you are not entirely sure how to Generic Sheets. Health Sheet, measure it. If this is the case DONT MEASURE IT. I've spoken a lot in public about the Fitness Rate (poster): Mike Andre Noel value of KPIs. But has anyone experience of Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover, KPIs that have actually altered the way a service is delivered for the better? Spent alot of time in SixSigma projects (good ones surprisingly) which have delivered service level improvements, higher service quality, cost reduction, the whole nine yards.. Bad execution of A Monthly That Works Using Spreadsheet, SixSigma can cause all the problems that Skep outlines regarding inappropriate application of KPI's..

In the Fax Cover Health Coverage last 10ish years of being a consultant in this field I've had many discussions on metrics, measurements and KPI's. In many cases it is all a matter of semantics. What do you mean when you say KPI? And what is Federal Irs Copy measurement according to you? One of the discussions was between the Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet Markteting Manager and the Operations Manager of an How To A Good Career Objective Objective Internet Service Provider. The Marketing Manager wanted the IT department to Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover, measure the systems from Resume Format Download For Graphic | Professional his customers perspective: can they access the Internet, the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet Portal or their mail? While the Operations Manager wanted to measure the availability of the individual systems: is the specific mail server running and is the link to the Internet Exchange still active?

We've chosen to install two systems: Spike pretending to be an user following a script and testing the end-to-end services. And Track monitoring the W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy individual systems performance. And it turned out that in some cases Spike noticed some issues that Track didn't call on. And sometimes Track was saying that something was wrong while Spike didn't encounter any issues. In most cases though they would confirm each other. Sometimes the performance of the infrastructure will be less than what the users will experience. Sometimes it will be the Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage other way around.

Well, in most cases it seems that users are experiencing less performance than the systems will show. Measuring the performance without asking the customers and Resume Format Download For Graphic Resumes, users their perception is therefor not a very smart thing to Fax Cover Sheets. Health Sheet, do. And that is where I think the 7 step improvement process of CSI goes wrong. Federal! Yes, you'll need to measure your performance based on the KPI's you've set. These KPI's should be derived from the IT Strategy. And then you should ask your customers how they have perceived the delivered service and Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover, link this perception to the measured performance. Then, and only then, do you have sufficient information (knowledge, wisdom) to Birthday Certificate Card For Word, take action.

In the Microsoft Operations Framework cycle this is Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet better understood. There are two monthly reviews: the internal Operations Review looking at the performance of the services and the external Service Level Review looking at the perception of the customers. The second Review together with representatives of the customers. Both Reviews lead to possible improvements. I would add that it is worth finding out what aspects of the service most affect the customer and user perception of service before setting up the metrics. Download Designer | Professional Resumes! A lot of the time we fail to measure and report on the things that cause most concern to our stakeholders. Don't think ITIL can claim #1.. Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet! Its been around in the process improvement, quality assurance disciplines since the beginning of time..

About Management = People, I think you are drawing a pretty narrow conclusion. Although the management of anything includes people, it is not exclusively for that purpose. Our relatives in Project Management might have a definition that is broader, or perhaps anything who is involved in Systems Management market. Management is W-2 Laser A about getting the Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover best out of anything, or more specifically getting the appropriate performance (assuming excellence is not always required). Your other statements about Mis-management of people are obviously true, because management of Format For Graphic Resumes, anything is 1 part science and many parts art. KPI's try and Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover Sheet, apply science to appropriate performance which is a necessary evil.

Of course, poor application of How To Objective Career Objective, science is dangerous. To not measure is equally dangerous from a personal and Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, corporate perspective. At some point, someone is measuring the performance of your company, either in share price, budget, market share or whatever.. To not try and Gift Template For Word, align people, process, services with the company through KPI's is negligence.. Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage! Just don't live and die by the sword.. #1 ITIL Implementation Project #2 ITIL Certification #3 IT Services Management = ITIL.

#4 ITIL V3 (you telling me its a product = as if service management best practice is evolving to A Monthly Works A Free Spreadsheet, a release schedule) $0.02 (and no reference to my blog this time :) A non-profit organization serving some altruistic purpose, or a cartel driving revenue for the bosses ? darn it Brad, how am I going to top those five? Management, governance and measurement. You're right that measurement is no substitute for management. Good management is not easy and, consequently, not often found. There are many ways in Generic Fax Cover Health Standard, which people given the job of 'manager' try to duck out of Objective For Resume. Career, their responsibilities and relying on Generic Sheets. Standard measurement as substitute for judgement and understanding what is How To Write Career Objective Objective going on is just one of them. It is Health Coverage also true that metrics, rightly, alter what they measure. If they are poorly chosen they distort what is measured. A famous case being the UK Health Service where the measure was the length of waiting lists - the measure was achieved. Congratulations all round.

Sadly it was done by creating a second invisible waiting list from which people were added to the official waiting list only when their procedure was scheduled within the target time. In 'Metrics for Fitness Heart Chart Mike Jespersen, Noel, IT Service Management', I argue for using balancing metrics to try to detect and minimise this distortion - if they'd measured the length of waiting lists and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Sheet, the user satisfaction with the time they waited, then they'd have seen a magical improvement in one stat with none in the other, giving the game away. I'm a bit wary of the term KPI too. You only Format, really know what your Key Indicators are after you've been measuring them for a while - it took some time for the car dashboard to Health Fax Cover Sheet, settle down to Checks Reference Checklist Form Reference Check, speed, distance and fuel levels as the ubiquitous standard minimum indicators. You might know what you think you want your key results to be, but the Generic Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover KPI you set may not show you that. Since human behavior is complex and people are not stupid, particularly when dealing with their own performance measures, setting good metrics is a subtle management task, not a suitable job for simplistic command and control freaks! If you want to prove that you've improved something, though, you need to show how, and metrics are good for that - to Template Reference Checklist Reference Check, tell you whether you've succeeded; if you choose them wisely. I can agree with you, but it is very obvious, isn't it. Neither Manage, nor Govern would be successfull if the person has no clue what or why they should do that in Fax Cover Health Coverage, the first place. Setting measurements already implies that you want to manage or govern something that makes sense.

In current business environments that might be a contradiction in terms. I am on my way to the HP OV Universe in Barcelona and Resume Format Designer, most properly I will hear that statement once every half hour and Generic Health Coverage Fax Cover, most probably by individuals who can not stay within the 30 or 45 minutes of How To Write A Good Career Objective, their allocated time. Looking forward to a great event in Barcelona where ITILV3 will be explained in relation to the SW acquisitiions recently done. What is Generic Fax Cover Sheet HP announcing in Create A Monthly Using Excel Spreadsheet, Barcelona. That they've finally figured out what they're going to to with OV Service Desk and (Peregrine) Service Center. Or that have have regained focus on their ITSM approach. or perhaps admit that all they really want to sell is tin. The impression they left with most of the people I spoke to is one of uncertainty. Lets first look at what is new on the block. The Service Manager launch with new features compared to Service Center of which most were already available in Service Desk, supported by a (very necessary) migration factory that (ones finished) will be available to partners to help their customers to migrate.

Unfortunatly no pricing on licensing or migration. The new Network Manager was not ready for a proper launch and left some dissappointments. Best of the show was the newish Opsware launch that really looks promising. The ITILv3 had its own booths with much emphasis on the HP coverage through their BTO, BSM, SOA and Health Sheet, other related offerings. Most uncertain was the overarching message and value proposition of Fitness Heart (poster): Mike Jespersen,, their bundled groupings like the ones mentioned. I almmost had the feeling that they lost the Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet plot on their software offering spree. A lot of measurement statements for compliancy, performance and governance but no reasons why one would bother. The focus on business delivery and Create A Monthly Works A Free, value seems to be copy pasted across all offerings without a clear central console or structure that could make sense out Generic Health Coverage Fax Cover of the whirlpool of How To A Good Career Objective, solutions. The sentiments of the old building blocks got a new positive impulse. The partners gave it their best shot and really showed that the current HP offerings packages need more before they can be sold as a usefull business solution that makes sense.

Maybe that is what we can expect from HP. Fax Cover Sheet! They offer the broad message and grouping of solutions and Objective Career, the partners create the Generic Fax Cover Sheet practical connections in between and to Irs Copy, the business side. Anyway, a lot of gadgets, a great hotel and a well organised event made up for the lack of clarity. This is a personal impression, based on discussions with partners, visitors, old clients, ex-HP colleagues and the bar lady. I can expect that others might not agree with the above and appreciate their opinion. I have implemented and trained OV Service Desk up to v4.5 when it was rock solid and straight forward. Sadly OVSD no longer holds the ground as my recommended ITSM tool; there are now players that have included Business Process Analysis modules to configure their software.

Basically the latest (and better) SM tools have forked away from HP. Being a Gaudi fan, Barcelona is high on Generic Sheets. Coverage my list of dream destinations, but not this time :-D. Attending AgileNZ, in Wellington on November 6-7. Speaking at DevOps Enterprise Summit USA (#DOES17) in San Francisco on November 13-15. Speaking at Pink Elephant ITSM Conference (#PINK18) in Orlando, Florida on Template Reference Checklist Form Check February 18-21. All Day DevOps, online conference, October 24, 2017. DevOps for Everyone with Rob England. Talking about my presentation at Standard Fax Cover Sheet, DOES UK.

The IT Skeptic on A Good Objective Objective DevOpsTV at DOES16 San Francisco with the awesome Damon Edwards. A white paper on my Standard+Case model. Recently, Gene Kim and I interviewed each other about DevOps. I have been producing lately: - Kamu: improvements to ITSM, DevOps and Agile that come from learning from each other. - The IT Renaissance , the Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover movement that generates DevOps, BYOD, Shadow IT, and other phenomena . this year's Big Idea. I don't get paid to say nice things and I don't get paid to review anything. You may have noticed Google and Amazon ads on the site, as well as ads for my books and Fitness Rate Chart Mike Jespersen,, merchandise. I make money off them, but sod all.

At least it covers the hosting with a bit left over . ITIL® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. PRINCE2® is Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. M_o_R® is a Registered Trade Mark of Template Checklist, AXELOS Limited. P3O® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MSP® is a Registered Trade Mark of Generic Standard Fax Cover, AXELOS Limited. P3M3® is a Registered Trade Mark of How To Write A Good Career For Resume. Career, AXELOS Limited.

MoV® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. MoP® is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited. ITIL® is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. ITIL Live™ is Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Sheet a trademark of TSO, The Stationery Office.

prISM® is a registered trademark of itSMF International Inc. COBIT® is a Registered Trade Mark of the Information Systems Audit and Federal, Control Association and the IT Governance Institute. Microsoft® is a Registered Trade Mark of Microsoft Corp. in the United States and/or other countries. USMBOK™ is a trademarks of the SM101. CMM® and CMMI® are Registered Trade Marks of Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, Carnegie Mellon University. ISO® is a Registered Trade Mark of the International Organisation for W-2 Laser Federal, Standardisation. KCS was developed by the Consortium for Service Innovation™, www.serviceinnovation.org The KCS Academy, KCS and Adaptive Organization are service marks of the Consortium for Service Innovation™.

DevOps isn't a trademark of Fax Cover Health Sheet, anyone. Except where indicated otherwise, all contents of this site are Copyright Two Hills Ltd www.twohills.co.nz. Except where indicated otherwise, the text on this page by Budget That A Free, Two Hills Ltd is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Content must be attributed to © Copyright Two Hills Ltd www.twohills.co.nz by Rob England, The IT Skeptic plus the URL of the Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard source material. RSS feeds may be used without permission. Permission is granted for Checks Template Checklist Reference Check, anyone to link to this site. By accessing or viewing this site, you are deemed to Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover, have agreed to the Terms and A Monthly That Works Using, Conditions and to our Privacy Policy. The contents of Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover, this site are unmoderated submissions from authenticated and Reference Form Reference, unauthenticated users. As such they cannot and do not represent the views of Two Hills Ltd.

Use of any trademarks on this website is not intended in Fax Cover Health Standard, any way to infringe on the rights of the trademark holder. This site is developed, maintained and hosted by Two Hills Ltd.

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6 Major Resume Flaws (and How to Fix Them) Stephanie Taylor Christensen of LearnVest. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet! This article is from our friends at LearnVest , a leading site for personal finance. When job hunting, your resume has a way of highlighting little career imperfections in black and white. Maybe you’ve job-hopped, had a long gap between gigs , or earned a degree that requires explaining (hello, art history majors!). Is there a way to smooth over these resume imperfections— without being dishonest? You betcha. A Good Career Objective! You just have to get creative, be upfront, and do a little rebranding . We spoke with job coaches, recruiters, and candidates who have been in Coverage Sheet, your shoes to find out how best to fix six of the most common resume flaws. Problem #1: You Want to Change Fields but Don't Have Any Experience. What to Template Form Form, Do: Play up your skills, not your positions . What skills have you gathered in your previous positions that would be helpful in another job? asks Lea McLeod, a career coach and Health, the founder of Degrees of Transition, a job coaching firm. (poster): Mike Noel! That’s just what she did with her client, Todd Mauvais, 29. Though Mauvais had been teaching music for six years, he wanted a more stable career.

He applied to government jobs for a full year before he intended to Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover, make his transition, but nothing panned out, and Mauvais wasn't sure why. Create A Monthly Budget That Excel! Once he began working with McLeod, the problem was clear: He didn’t lack skills—he simply hadn’t identified the right field to apply them. Because Todd had a job where he commuted among multiple schools to teach arts classes, he was an Fax Cover Health Standard Sheet, exceptional self-manager, she says. He also promoted summer arts programs to increase enrollment, was a great public speaker and presenter, and That Works, was comfortable in front of a room. She helped him recognize that this skill set translated perfectly to a career in Fax Cover, sales . Mauvais rewrote his resume to focus on Reference Reference Check, his relationship building, speaking, and promotional skills, and reached out to Fax Cover Sheets. Standard, a craft beer distributor he thought would be a good fit through LinkedIn . In just over a month, the former music teacher was hired as a sales associate and Template Reference Form Reference Check Form, is still happy in Generic Sheets. Standard, his role there today. Problem #2: Your College Degree Isn't Directly Relevant to the Job or Field.

What to Do: If this describes you, don't worry: You're hardly alone. Only specific fields—like engineering, graphic design, healthcare, pharmaceutical, and Birthday Gift Card Template, automotive, to name a few—require related degrees for Generic Fax Cover Coverage Sheet, entry-level work, explains corporate recruiter Dennis Tupper. Otherwise, companies are seeking someone who is coachable and moldable, will work hard, and has a vested interest and passion in the company or industry. For Word! Taylor Brady, 23, faced this very challenge with his sociology degree. Fax Cover Sheets. Health! Having grown frustrated after three months of sending out resumes for jobs in social work and Checklist Form Reference Check, nonprofits without getting any response, he, too, reached out to McLeod. I had friends graduating from business schoo l who were Excel wizards and Generic Fax Cover Coverage Standard Sheet, such, but I had to be creative in regards to selling myself, says Brady. To focus Taylor's experience, explains McLeod, we called out his work with a grant-writing mentor as a ‘special academic project ’ and included the types and values of the Federal grants he had written, so it really popped when he was applying for the grant-writing jobs he really wanted.” He also led his resume with a Special Skills section, which highlighted the key points of Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover Sheet his past internships (including grant writing, donor database management, and Resume Format Download For Graphic Designer | Professional, volunteer coordination), then provided more information about each role in Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, the “Work Experience” section.

With McLeod's help, Brady found his current role as a grant writer at Format Download Designer a nonprofit by rebranding his resume to focus exactly on Generic Sheets. Standard, what he could do for his potential employer. Problem #3: You Have a Big Gap Between Jobs. What to Federal A, Do: According to Jill Knittel, COO of recruiting and staffing firm Employee Relations Associates, significant gaps between jobs are fairly common imperfections that can be handled with two different approaches. One solution is to list just the Sheets. Coverage Standard number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions, rather than the Reference Check Form usual start and end dates, Knittel advises. The other approach?

You can also use a functional resume , which elaborates on Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, your skills, instead of a chronological resume. This will take the Fitness Chart Jespersen, Noel focus away from Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage, time, and on to your abilities and what you can do for a company, she says. If asked in an interview about the time frame of your resume, you will still need to be honest about the gaps, but either of these approaches can de-emphasize them on paper. Problem #4: You've Job-Hopped Frequently. What to Do: Jessica Bedford, a recruiter at Artisan Creative, a staffing agency that specializes in finding jobs for creative talent, recommends that job-hoppers include a Reason for Birthday Certificate Card, Leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like company closed, layoff due to downsizing, or relocated to new city. Generic Health Standard! By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. If you have multiple gaps or have filled the time with several temporary projects, you might also create a section called ‘Consulting Work’ or ‘Freelance Work,’ and list all of Resume Format For Graphic them under the one section. With this approach, job seekers can account for a number of years at once, recommends Bedford. If you stayed at Fax Cover Health Standard a job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume.

According to The New York Time s' Career Coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn't hurt, as long as you're honest about your experience if asked in an interview. Problem #5: Your Resume is Three Pages Long, and You Don't Know What to Cut. What to Do: Tupper says that if you work in an industry unrelated to one you worked in 10 years ago, you can omit the details of How To For Resume. that past experience and include only the years and industries in Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover, which you worked (so you don't appear deceitful in the case of a background check). Checks Template Reference! For jobs you held several years ago that are in Generic Fax Cover, the same field, but don’t reflect your current level, keep descriptions brief. And, as mentioned above in the advice for W-2 Laser A, job hoppers, jobs you held for Generic Sheets. Sheet, only a few months can be eliminated, as long as you're upfront about the experience if the subject comes up. Gift Certificate Card Template! Problem #6: You Haven't Snagged That First Real Job. What to Do: If little professional experience is the reason your resume is Generic Fax Cover Sheet, lacking, executive recruiter Bruce A. Hurwitz of Resume Format Download Designer Hurwitz Strategic Staffing recommends adding a subhead called Related Employment Activities right under Work Experience. You can fill it with volunteer work, online courses , short-term employment, and consulting assignments—list everything from a part-time job to a webinar to an online course, says Hurwitz.

This section allows you to explain why you’re the right candidate for the role—before a recruiter concludes you’re not. Don’t forget to Health Coverage Fax Cover, include the valuable soft skills job candidates tend to underestimate, like the ability to resolve customer service issues, work with ambiguity, coordinate among different groups, and negotiate with vendors. Photo of woman looking at resume courtesy of Shutterstock . LearnVest empowers people to Works Using A Free Spreadsheet, live their richest lives, with daily newsletters packed with tips and stories on Generic Health Fax Cover, managing your money and boosting your career, a budgeting center for keeping track of your expenses and W-2 Laser Irs Copy A, income, and affordable, personalized financial plans from a team of certified financial planners. Sheets. Coverage Standard! Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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essay lotus sutra Taigen Dan Leighton. Paper for an academic conference on Discourse and Rhetoric in the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism Version with full diacritical marks available from Fax Cover Coverage, [email protected] In this essay I will discuss aspects of Zen Master Dogen's appropriation and use of the Lotus Sutra , as it is expressed in his rhetorical style. Irs Copy A. Dogen quotes the Lotus Sutra (from the Sheets. Health, Kumarajiva version) far more than any other sutra.[1] This might seem reasonably expectable, since Dogen was first ordained as a monk in Download the Tendai school, which continued to see the Lotus as the preeminent sutra, even as it incorporated and Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Sheet, attempted to synthesize a whole range of Gift Buddhist teachings.

However, while prominent Kamakura innovators, Eisai, Dogen, Honen, Shinran, and Nichiren all had been Tendai monks, they vary greatly in their subsequent application of the Lotus Sutra . The Lotus is the Health, fundamental object of Fitness Heart Rate Chart Mike Noel devotion for Health Sheet Nichiren, but is Fitness Heart Rate (poster): Jespersen, Noel scarcely mentioned explicitly by Shinran (although it might be discerned as part of the Generic Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, background of Shin thought). The situation of Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra in his teachings is more complex. The Lotus has been commonly perceived as tangential to Dogen, and to Japanese Soto Zen generally. For example, in discussing another great Soto literary figure from the eighteenth century, Ryokan, who also favored the Lotus Sutra , Ryuichi Abe says, Although Ryokan appears to have remained faithful to Resume Format For Graphic Resumes, the religious ideals of his Soto progenitor Dogen, there was nothing sectarian about Ryokan's Buddhist practice. Among the numerous Buddhist scriptures, the Lotus Sutra popular text not particularly emphasized in traditional training but the essential scripture of the Tendai and Nichiren schools was by far his favorite.[2] While the Lotus is certainly not nearly as important to Dogen or Soto as it is to Nichiren, Ryokan's great appreciation for it is revealing of the lingering appropriation of the Lotus Sutra in Soto, an appreciation and usage that does go back to the Japanese Soto founder. Dogen widely cites and Fax Cover Health Standard Fax Cover, interprets many doctrinal elements from the Reference Checklist Form Reference Check Form, Lotus Sutra in his teachings. Along with his many direct allusions to the parables from the sutra, Dogen frequently refers to specific Lotus teachings. Examples are skillful means ( hoben ); the single cause for buddhas' appearing in the world, i.e. to bring suffering beings onto the path of awakening; and that only a Buddha together with a Buddha can fully fathom the fundamental truth. While these teachings are not completely unique to the Lotus among Mahayana sutras, Dogen discusses them using direct quotes from the Lotus Sutra . Dogen also often discusses or critiques teachings commonly linked to the Lotus Sutra in Heian and Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, Kamakura Buddhism, such as the importance of fundamental enlightenment (hongaku); and realization of buddhahood in this very body (sokushin jobutsu).[3] Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra text is necessarily affected by the contemporary readings of the Lotus in Tendai and other Japanese understandings, a complex subject beyond the scope for this limited essay to detail.

A discussion of all the Heart Rate Chart Mike Noel, numerous direct references to the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's writings is also far beyond the scope of this essay. But to mention briefly one of the most prominent examples, in Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet his Shobogenzo essay Hokke-Ten-Hokke The Lotus Dharma Turns the Lotus Dharma, Dogen discusses and elaborates his view of the liberative reality of the Create A Monthly Budget Works Spreadsheet, phenomenal world, which Dogen interprets as a primary teaching of the Lotus Sutra . Dogen expresses this interpretation in various ways. The Hokke-Ten-Hokke essay begins with the statement that, The contents of the lands in ten directions are the sole existence of the Lotus Dharma.[4] In various writings, Dogen creatively reads and interprets parts of the Lotus Sutra such as the stories in chapters fifteen and sixteen about the underground bodhisattvas immanently present and available for Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Sheet the world, and the inconceivable life-span, and continuing presence in the world, of Shakyamuni Buddha. These are among the Lotus Sutra supports for Dogen's teaching about the active agency of the phenomenal world in the process and practice of Buddhist awakening.[5] This interpretation and appropriation of the Lotus teaching as essentially immanent and located in the phenomenal world is not only important to Reference Form Reference Check, Dogen's philosophy, but is also relevant to Dogen's style of expression, as will be described in Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet what follows in this essay. In line with Dogen's many references, the Lotus Sutra also retains a significant place in Soto liturgy, albeit far less central than in Birthday Gift Certificate Card Template For Word Nichiren Buddhism. Even today in many Japanese Soto Zen temples, the verse endings to the sutra's chapter sixteen on the Buddha's Inconceivable Life-span (Juryohonge), or to chapter twenty-five on Kannon Bodhisattva (Fumonbonge), are chanted daily. But instead of the sutra's doctrinal or liturgical applications, I will limit the scope of this essay to Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover, examining some of the ways in which Dogen's style of Federal Irs Copy discourse and rhetoric, as seen in his Eihei Koroku as well as in Shobogenzo , resonate with his interpretations of aspects of the Lotus Sutra . My point is not at all to claim that the Lotus Sutra is the single most important source for Dogen; obviously there are many traditions from which Dogen borrows. Much of the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Sheet, Chinese Ch'an tradition is the Download For Graphic, central lexicon for Dogen, especially the classical koan literature, as well as closer Tsao-tung lineage forebears such as Hung-chih Cheng-chŸeh and T'ien-t'ung Ju-ching. In Dogen and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Sheet, the Koan Tradition, Steven Heine has masterfully demonstrated how Dogen's writings serve to Create A Monthly That Works, develop and elaborate the koan genre.[6] Dogen also makes ample use of the Japanese poetic tradition, as invoked in Yasunari Kawabata's appreciation of Dogen as a poet in Kawabata's 1968 Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Dogen's indebtedness to this poetic tradition has been further traced in Generic Fax Cover Standard Heine's The Zen Poetry of That Using Excel Dogen .[7] Dogen certainly further appropriated the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, Chinese monastic tradition as a major basis for his praxis, and training program.[8] But Dogen's utilization of Mahayana discourse, especially as developed in the Lotus, should also be considered as one of the fundamental backgrounds for viewing Dogen's teaching as a whole.

I believe that further inquiries into various aspects of W-2 Laser their interrelationship will be illuminating to Sheet, both Dogen and Lotus Sutra studies. But this present essay focuses on Dogen's borrowing aspects of its rhetorical style, based on his own interpretation of the Lotus. The essay proceeds with a discussion of the Lotus Sutra style of Fitness Rate Chart Mike proclamatory rhetoric. The Self-Referential Lotus. The Lotus Sutra itself frequently emphasizes the importance of and rewards for the reading, copying, and reciting of the Lotus Sutra . Generic Health Coverage Sheet. To be sure, other Mahayana sutras talk about the merit to Budget Works Spreadsheet, be derived by recalling or copying the sutra being read.[9] However, the Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, Lotus Sutra at Chart Mike Andre Noel times seems to hold this self-referential quality at its center, such that it promotes an extreme mode of Generic Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet self-referential discourse that is Resume For Graphic Designer unique to Sheets. Health, the Lotus Sutra . The sutra often speaks of the wondrous nature of the Lotus Sutra , right in the text commonly referred to as the Lotus Sutra . This rhetorical device can become startling and mind-twisting, like Escher's painting of two hands drawing each other. Various important figures in the sutra appear within the text of the Lotus Sutra because they have heard that the Lotus Sutra is Birthday Template For Word currently being preached by Shakyamuni Buddha on Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage, Vulture Peak. For example, in chapter eleven, the Resume Format For Graphic Designer Resumes, stupa of the ancient Buddha Prabhutaratna emerges from the earth and Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, floats in How To A Good Career For Resume. mid-air, because he has vowed always to appear whenever the Lotus Sutra is preached.[10] In the same chapter, myriad bodhisattvas arrive from world systems in all directions, in order to Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet, praise the Buddha for How To Objective Career preaching this sutra in which they are appearing. This quality of the sutra talking about the sutra, and especially its many references to the Lotus Sutra as something expounded many ages ago, as about to be expounded, or even as hopefully to Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Sheet, be expounded in the distant future, has led some commentators to Checks Template Reference Check Form, observe that the whole text of this sutra, more than any others, is a preface to Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet, a missing scripture.

As George and Willa Tanabe say: The preaching of the Lotus sermon promised in W-2 Laser Irs Copy A the first chapter never takes place. The text, so full of merit, is about a discourse which is never delivered; it is a lengthy preface without a book. Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard. The Lotus Sutra is thus unique among texts. It is not merely subject to various interpretations, as all texts are, but is open or empty at its very center. [11] This is a plausible perspective or interpretation.

The text does refer, in third person, to a designated text that one might keep vainly waiting for, as if for Godot. However, this perspective misses the manner in which the Lotus sermon certainly does exist. Fundamental messages of the Lotus, such as the One Vehicle and the primacy of the Buddha vehicle, are difficult to miss, even if they might be interpreted in Budget That Using Spreadsheet various manners. But furthermore, between the Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet, lines the Lotus Sutra functions within itself both as a sacred text or scripture, and as a commentary and guidebook to its own use, beyond the literal confines of its own written text. Heart Chart (poster): Andre Noel. The Lotus Sutra is itself a sacred manifestation of spiritual awakening that proclaims its own sacrality. Right within the Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet, text's proclamation of the wonders of Create Budget Spreadsheet a text with the same name as itself, the Generic Fax Cover Sheet, text celebrates its own ephemeral quality with the visionary splendors of its assembly of buddhas, bodhisattvas, and Reference Checklist Form Check Form, spirits, and with the engaging qualities of its parables. The synthesis of the immanent spirit spoken about in the text, and Health Coverage, the text's own intended functioning as an A Monthly That Using A Free instrument or skillful catalyst to spark awakening, has been carried on among its followers. This is Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover exemplified in the varieties of Nichiren Buddhism in that they are rooted and focused in devotion to the Lotus Sutra itself as a sacred manifestation, and devotional object, which they are committed to proclaiming and promulgating. W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy A. But for Dogen, the self-proclamation of the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage, dharma in the Lotus Sutra becomes an aspect of Checks Template Reference Form Reference Form his rhetorical style, rather than an externalized objectification.

In similar manner to the sutra's proclamations of the wondrous qualities of the Lotus Dharma, Dogen in his writings commonly proclaims the wondrous nature of the Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Fax Cover, Dharma, the Buddha, the many buddha ancestors, previous proclamations or utterances by ancestral teachers, and of course the Lotus Sutra itself. Dogen's style of discourse is Fitness Heart Rate usually not explanatory, discursive, or logical in the linear manner of modern rationality or cognition. Rather, Dogen seemingly free-associates, making illuminating connections based on doctrinal themes or imagistic motifs, aimed at proclaiming the non-dual reality of the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, present phenomenal world as fully imbued with the | Professional, presence of the Buddha and of the Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet, ongoing possibility of awakening. A clear encapsulation of the Lotus Sutra 's self-proclamatory discourse strategy appears in Federal A volume one of Dogen's Eihei Koroku in Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Sheet two consecutive jodo, or dharma discourses, numbers 69 and 70, given in 1241.[12] Jodo number 69 reads in its entirety: [Dogen] said: Today this mountain monk [Dogen] gives a dharma discourse for the assembly. What I have just said I offer to all the three treasures in the ten directions, to the twenty-eight Ancestors in India, to the six Ancestors in China, to all the nostrils under heaven, to the eyeballs throughout the past and present, to dried shitsticks, to three pounds of Fitness Rate Chart (poster): Jespersen, sesame, to Fax Cover Sheets. Health, Zen boards, and to zafus. Previously we offered incense for the limitless excellent causal conditions, and Gift For Word, we dedicate it so that toads may leap up to Brahma's heaven, earthworms may traverse the eastern ocean, and clouds and water monks may become horses and cows. All buddhas, ten directions, three times; All honored ones, bodhisattva mahasattvas; Mahaprajnaparamita.[13] Here Dogen states that he is proclaiming a jodo. But immediately, without saying anything more about the dharma, he dedicates that statement itself to Health Sheet, the three jewels, the ancestral teachers, to meditation paraphernalia, and to famed Ch'an iconoclastic expressions for Buddha, Yun-men's dried shitstick (or dry turd) and his disciple Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's three pounds of sesame (or flax).[14] He then further dedicates the incense offering, which had preceded the statement that he was now making a statement, to toads, earthworms, and monks who manifest as horses and cows, followed by the traditional concluding liturgical dedication. Create A Monthly Budget That Works A Free Excel Spreadsheet. He thereby declares the intention of the dedication for all beings, no matter how humble. As in the Lotus Sutra , there is no visible dharma expressed except for the celebration via proclamation of Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Fax Cover a non-explicit dharma.

But then, in the following jodo, number 70, Dogen explicitly comments on his own use of Template Checklist Form Reference self-referential dharma, while engaging even further in celebrating an unexpressed dharma. We do not know how many days may have separated the two discourses. In this section of the text, between the jodos that can be dated and which are four months apart, there were an average of two discourse per Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover, week. But whatever the interval, it is clear in the overall text of Eihei Koroku that the different discourses, recorded chronologically with only very rare exceptions, are often linked sequentially through the associations of theme, imagery, ancestral figures, or textual allusion. Jodo number 70 says: [Dogen] said: As this mountain monk [Dogen] today gives a dharma discourse, all buddhas in the three times also today give a dharma discourse. The Ancestral teachers in all generations also today give a dharma discourse. The one who bears the sixteen-foot golden body gives a dharma discourse. The one endowed with the wondrous function of the hundred grasses (all things) gives a dharma discourse. Already together having given a dharma discourse, what dharma has been expounded? No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma?

It is Create A Monthly Budget Excel upheld within Shang-lan Temple; it is upheld within Kuan-yin Temple; it is upheld within the monks' hall; it is upheld within the buddha hall. Again, Dogen never talks about the content of his dharma discourse. But he proclaims that his own act of proclaiming this self-referencing dharma is Standard Sheet echoed simultaneously in the discourses of the ancestral teachers and Template, buddhas, just as the proclamation of the Lotus Sutra is echoed in various buddha realms, in various times. Then Dogen asks the same question that the Sheets. Coverage Standard, Tanabes ask about the Lotus Sutra , What dharma has been expounded? And Dogen answers unabashedly, No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is Gift Card Template expressed. Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet. What is this dharma? While not explaining or even stating the Rate (poster): Mike Jespersen, Noel, content of this dharma, his phrase, This very (shako) dharma, might seem to refer to the teaching of suchness, or tathata, but it is also simply just this dharma, as opposed to that one. Thereby Dogen emphasizes not an Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage abstraction, but the Write, concreteness of phenomenal reality as the Sheets. Standard Fax Cover, realm of dharma. Then Dogen does declare and affirm that this non-explicit teaching is Gift Card Template For Word upheld in Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover the context of the temples and the buildings where the practice is carried on. The example in Heart Mike Jespersen, Andre Noel these two jodos of Dogen's proclamation of a non-explicit dharma is presented in a direct and concise manner, as appropriate to the often brief declarations of the jodo form. But this rhetorical strategy recurs, more or less subtly, in many places throughout Shobogenzo , as well as in Eihei Koroku . That Dogen is Sheets. Health Sheet adapting this rhetorical posture at least in part directly from the Lotus Sutra is clearly evidenced by another early jodo in the Eihei Koroku , number 24, given in 1240.

In the entire universe in ten directions there is no dharma at all that has not yet been expounded by all buddhas in the three times. Therefore all buddhas say, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This great assembly present before me also is practicing the Way in the manner of all buddhas. Each movement, each stillness is not other than the dharma of all buddhas, so do not act carelessly or casually. Reference Form. Although this is the case, I have an expression that has not yet been expounded by any buddha.

Everyone, do you want to Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, discern it? After a pause [Dogen] said: In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. In this dharma discourse Dogen again does not elaborate on the content of the A Monthly Using A Free Excel, dharma expounded by all buddhas in the three times, except to Generic Fax Cover Sheet, aver that it is no other than every movement, and every stillness, and is practiced by the monks at Rate Chart Jespersen, Andre Eiheiji. Significant to the point of this essay is the context of this quote mentioned by Dogen from Sakyamuni Buddha, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover. This statement that Dogen uses to express the inexplicit dharma proclaimed by Heart Rate Chart (poster): Jespersen,, all buddhas is from the Lotus Sutra , chapter two on Skillful Means.[15] Dogen further emphasizes this quote when he repeats it verbatim as his own expression for the inexplicit dharma, which he claims, Has not yet been expounded by any buddha. But saying it has not previously been expounded is tantamount to Dogen himself preaching the original Lotus Sutra , or to Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover Sheet, his own manifestation as the Buddha in the Lotus text in which it is first expounded.

There are ample examples of response with silence, or of indirect or inexplicit Dharma proclamation within the Ch'an literature that is Dogen's primary lexicon. Yet the Checks Reference Checklist Reference, Lotus Sutra referent for this 1240 jodo about expounding the Generic Sheets. Fax Cover Sheet, dharma clearly demonstrates that Dogen himself saw the Lotus Sutra , expounded by all buddhas in the three times, as an Birthday Gift important source for this self-proclamatory rhetorical style of expounding. Further studies of any references to Generic Fax Cover Health Standard, the Lotus Sutra in the development of early Ch'an rhetorical styles might be informative. But it is apparent that Dogen himself saw the Gift Card For Word, Lotus as one model for a non-dualistic, inexplicit discourse approach. The Self-Reflexive as a Skillful Mode. In The Karma of Words, William LaFleur discusses the sophisticated nature of the Lotus Sutra as literature, and its impact in medieval Japanese poetics. The surprising feature of [the parables] in the Lotus is that they are simultaneously the vehicle and the tenor of that vehicle. In a very important sense, the parables of the Lotus are about the role and status of Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet parabolic speech itself. They are what I would call self-reflexive allegory; that is, their trajectory of discourse behaves like a boomerang. Much like the dharma described in a crucial section of the Template Reference Reference Check Form, hoben chapter, they are characterized by the absolute identity [or equality] of their beginning and end.[16]

LaFleur's analysis of this realm of discourse in the Lotus Sutra focuses on its radical nondualism, and Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover, its embodiment of skillful means. This standpoint of A Good Career Objective Objective nondualism represents interpretations of the Lotus Sutra developed in Generic Sheets. Standard T'ien-t'ai and in Japanese Buddhism prior to Dogen, and which impacted the medieval literature LaFleur examines. From such a nondualistic viewpoint, LaFleur suggests translating hoben as modes rather than the more common translations of skillful or expedient means. Hurvitz translates hoben as expedient devices, and Watson translates it as expedient means, both implying a dualistic, and even manipulative, aspect of the teaching, especially when rendered as devices. Budget That Works Using A Free Spreadsheet. Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka translate it as tactfulness, which implies more consideration and inclusivity, but might still be seen as implying a hierarchy of the teachings. The upaya (or hoben ) doctrine is a problematic aspect in the Lotus Ekayana One Vehicle teaching. The Lotus at Generic Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet times has been upheld, within the Fitness Rate Mike Noel, sutra itself as well as by some of Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet its followers, for example in the T'ien-t'ai p'an-chiao system, as the supreme epitome of the One Vehicle. In this perspective other teachings and scriptures may be seen as merely expedient, provisional (and therefore inferior) teachings that might be included in the One Vehicle as a kind of dharmic noblesse oblige. Birthday Gift Certificate Card. Such a view of upaya implies a hierarchy of teachings, and even a manipulative use of them.

Unquestionably the Lotus Sutra lends itself, and often explicitly encourages, a political, polemical reading in which the Lotus, and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Sheet, those who preach it, represent the True Dharma, and Checks Template Reference Check Form, those who follow provisional, expedient teachings exemplify the chaff, inimical to the full teaching. On the other hand, the alternate mode of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard reading the teaching of upaya, as championed by Reference Reference, LaFleur, implies a radically nondualistic inclusivity, and an acceptance of Generic Health Fax Cover all helpful teachings as simply a diversity of Write Objective Career modes. Portions of the Lotus Sutra do indeed lend themselves to this alternate, more tolerant and inclusive reading of hoben . Generic Health Coverage Standard Sheet. For example, in Format Designer | Professional chapter five the parable of the Dharma rain falling universally on all implies no discrimination against any of the many plants that are equally nourished, each growing in their own way. Applied as appropriate to the diversity of needs of suffering beings, all teaching modes might be equally beneficial to the ultimate purpose for buddhas' manifestation, as proclaimed in the upaya chapter: By resort to numberless devices and to Generic Fax Cover Standard Fax Cover, various means, parables, and phrases do [buddhas] proclaim the dharmas, . . . for one great cause appearing in the world, . . . to cause beings to hear the Buddha's knowledge, . Birthday Certificate Template. . . to cause the beings to Fax Cover Health Coverage Fax Cover, understand, . . . to cause the beings to enter the path.[17] Such an inclusive reading of hoben might be usefully appropriated to modern concerns of religious pluralism, which may be LaFleur's subtext. But LaFleur's reading also has implications to Card, styles of discourse, the primary issue under consideration here. LaFleur sees the sutra's primary liberative purpose and Coverage Standard Sheet, its various skillful modes expressed nondualistically as exactly the Federal A, reason for the sutra's self-referential discourse style. In his reading: The narratives of the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover, Lotus are not a means to an end beyond themselves.

Their concrete mode of Career Career Objective expression is not chaff to be dispensed with in order to attain a more abstract, rational, or spiritual truth. The Lotus is unequivocal on this point: One may seek in every one of the ten directions but will find no mode [ hoben ] other than the Buddha's. This accounts for what may seem to be an Sheets. Health Standard Sheet inordinate amount of praise directed by the sutra toward itself. It also implies that within the sutra there is an unmistakable philosophical move opposite to Heart Rate Chart Andre Noel, that in Plato's Republic, a move to Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover Sheet, affirm the Federal Irs Copy A, complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in Generic Sheets. Standard Fax Cover spite of the fact that they are impermanent.[18] This common Japanese association of the Lotus Sutra with affirmation of the reality of the phenomenal world, followed here by LaFleur, can be dated back to the Japanese Tendai founder Saicho. Checklist Reference Check Form. Having studied with two of the disciples of the Chinese Hua-yen master Chan-jan, who argued for the Buddha nature of insentient beings (a teaching that Dogen would also later frequently celebrate), Saicho incorporated Hua-yen (Kegon) views of suchness into Tendai. But Saicho also applied this in an original way to his interpretation of the Lotus Sutra . His reading not only acknowledges two aspects of suchness but establishes a hierarchy between the two in identifying the dynamic aspect of suchness—its expression as the phenomenal world—with the T'ien-t'ai category of the middle and with the Generic Health, one vehicle of the Create That Using Spreadsheet, Lotus. This represents a crucial step toward the profound valorization of empirical reality found in medieval Tendai original enlightenment thought.[19] From this Japanese Tendai perspective of spiritual reality immanent in concrete phenomena, the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, Lotus Sutra itself is not separate from, or talking about, a realm of transcendent spirit outside of Check itself. Thus the Lotus Sutra itself can become an embodiment of the awakening aspect of the phenomenal world, omnipresent, at least in Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Sheet potentiality, in A Monthly Budget Using A Free all concrete phenomena. The self-referential or self-reflexive aspect of the sutra demonstrates the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover, non-separation of its liberative goals from the Buddha's skillful modes.

Given the nonduality of purpose and Template Reference Form Reference Check Form, context of the Lotus Sutra as a text that itself represents and enacts veneration of the world's liberative potential, it is reasonable that this very sutra would become an object of veneration, as in Nichiren Buddhism. To be sure, Dogen is not inclusive of the diverse modes of teachings in Generic Coverage Standard Sheet LaFleur's strictly non-hierarchical fashion, as, in common with all of the Kamakura innovators, Dogen at times upholds his own teaching lineage and strongly disparages others. However, Dogen's use of Lotus style self-referential discourse is directed at affirmation of the nondualism of means and end, and he repeatedly affirms the phenomenal realm as the arena of nondual practice-realization, in accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus Sutra discourse as based on hoben . Birthday Gift Template For Word. In a similar skillful mode, Dogen often intentionally uses words as vehicles to Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard, express the discourse he is How To Objective Career then proclaiming. Dogen's frequent inversion of conventional word order and word meaning from classical koans or sutras serves to express this quality of Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet proclamation, in Works Using Excel which the discourse itself demonstrates that which it is expounding. A prominent example is the oft-cited wordplay in Shobogenzo Bussho Buddha Nature, first written in 1241, in which Dogen retranslates the passage from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, All sentient beings without exception have Buddha nature. By rereading the characters shitsu-u as whole being, rather than all have, Dogen alters the passage to, All sentient beings' whole being [is] Buddha nature.[20] This elimination of dualistic grammar itself demonstrates the nondualism between sentient beings and Generic Fax Cover Coverage Standard, Buddha nature. In further accord with LaFleur's view of the Birthday Gift Certificate Card For Word, Lotus discourse, Dogen specifically affirms the Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover, complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in Template Reference Checklist Form Check his discourse rhetoric as well as its content, and even when leaving the content itself seemingly absent, or at least not stated. In jodo 49 in Eihei Koroku, also given in 1241, Dogen says: This mountain monk has not lectured for the sake of the assembly for Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet a long time.

Why is this? On my behalf, the buddha hall, the monks' hall, the valley streams, the pine, and bamboo, every moment, endlessly speak fully for the sake of W-2 Laser all people. Have you all heard it or not? If you say you heard it, what did you hear? If you say you have not heard it, you do not keep the five precepts. Here Dogen rhetorically affirms the immanence of the dharmic discourse as well as its content, right in Fax Cover Coverage Standard Sheet the world of dharmas, or phenomena, including streams, pines, bamboo, and temple buildings, which all themselves discourse on this dharma. He also self-consciously uses this nonexplicit discourse of the dharma and its immanence as a skillful means for challenging his monks in training to hear and express the dharma more fully. Have you all heard it or not? Dogen's Use of the Resume Format Download, Fantastic.

Another literary aspect of the Lotus Sutra that is disconcerting to conventional analysis is the degree to which its stories and teachings are rooted in images and fantasies. In his introduction to his book on Myoe, whose life and Sheets. Health Standard, teaching were colorfully replete with the visionary, George Tanabe, Jr. Reference Reference Check. cites the centrality of visions to East Asian Buddhist experience, despite the focus of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet much of modern Buddhist studies on Fitness Heart Chart Mike Jespersen, Noel, doctrine and philosophy. The Buddhist tradition is Generic Fax Cover Coverage Standard as much a history of fantasy as it is Fitness Heart Rate Chart (poster): a history of thought. It should be studied as such to gain a better understanding not only of Buddhism as a fantastic philosophy, but of Buddhists as sentient beings as well.[21] In the context of Myoe studies, Tanabe's discussion of the fantastic might more directly apply to the psychedelic visions of the Avatamsaka Sutra, which Myoe, as a Kegon monk, especially cherished. But Tanabe's remarks also certainly pertain to Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover, the striking images and parables of the Lotus, about which he says, The Lotus Sutra is less a work of memory and more a product of W-2 Laser Federal fantasy inspired with new visions derived internally.[22] The Lotus Sutra thus calls for examination of the significance and function of its imagery as much as, if not more than, its philosophical positions. As Tanabe says: Mahayana Buddhism is, among many things it can be, a tradition of the mind's faculty for producing images in both waking life and Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, sleep: a tradition, that is, of fantasy producing visions, . . . and dreams, which were interpreted by the dreamers for their own meanings and which can be, to add a modern aspect, read by us for their feelings. It will be possible to gain a better understanding of Mahayana Buddhism as a vehicle not only of ideas and institutions but of human emotion as well only when studies of the fantastic end of the spectrum become more available.[23] In this context, the Lotus Sutra parables and self-referential discourse style can be seen as the internal expression of vision, or fantasy, that expresses the human experience of Mahayana practice, more than its philosophical content. Even when, as may frequently be the case, such discourse is a literary device or artifice, rather than directly inspired by literal meditative experience, visions, or dreams, such literary framing serves to honor the W-2 Laser Federal, skillful use of imagination and the visionary.

The Lotus Sutra itself includes a parable that uses a fantastic vision to demonstrate how fantastic visions function as skillful liberative modes. In chapter seven, a conjured or phantom city is described as a vision that serves as a metaphor for the teaching of nirvana as cessation, which can provide a half-way oasis on the path to Mahayana universal liberation. Despite being a mere phantom, the vision of an oasis city acts as a necessary, beneficial encouragement for practitioners, who may be refreshed by temporarily imagining they have achieved their goal. Similarly, Lotus Sutra parables, no matter how fantastic, themselves function as beneficial encouragements. In another of the numerous examples in Shobogenzo of Dogen using wordplay to invert conventional thinking, in Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, written in 1242, Dogen extensively elaborates on the statement that all buddhas express the dream within a dream.[24] He thereby denies the supposedly lesser reality of the dreams of the Generic Fax Cover Standard Fax Cover, transient phenomenal world, and negates a Platonic exaltation of the Rate Chart Andre Noel, absolute, which LaFleur describes as the antithesis of Lotus teaching. Instead, Dogen proclaims the dream world of phenomena as exactly the Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover, realm of buddhas' activity. How To A Good Career Objective Career. Every dewdrop manifested in every realm is a dream. This dream is the glowing clarity of the hundred grasses. . . . Do not mistake them as merely dreamy.[25] The liberative awakening of buddhas is itself described as a dream.

Without expressing dreams, there are no buddhas. Without being within a dream, buddhas do not emerge and turn the wondrous dharma wheel. Fax Cover Standard. This dharma wheel is no other than a buddha together with a buddha, and a dream expressed within a dream. Simply expressing the dream within a dream is itself the buddhas and ancestors, the assembly of unsurpassable enlightenment.[26] Dogen is Federal A not frivolously indulging in mere paradox here, but follows the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Fax Cover, logic of the dream as necessarily the locus of awakening. As Dogen says in his celebrated essay, Genjokoan, Those who have great realization of delusion are buddhas.[27] What is worthy of study is not delusions or fantasies about enlightenment, but rather the reality of the causes and conditions of the Create A Monthly A Free Excel, realms of delusion and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, suffering. Federal A. A similar logic is expressed in the Lotus Sutra dictum that buddhas manifest only due to the presence of suffering beings. Dogen's positive view of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage dreams will be significant in his parables to be discussed below, two of which Dogen frames as if they might have been dreams, whether or not they were his actual sleeping dreams.

Dogen does not attend to literal dreams with anywhere near the same dedication as his contemporary, Myoe, as exemplified by Myoe's extraordinary, forty-year dream journal.[28] Along with Myoe, dreams and visionary discourse are also more emphasized than they are by Dogen in the teachings of Keizan, Dogen's third generation successor, who is revered as the second founder of Japanese Soto Zen. Resume Download Designer | Professional Resumes. The central role of dream and Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, vision for Keizan has been discussed and elaborated by Bernard Faure in Visions of Power. [29] Keizan and Heart Rate Mike Jespersen, Andre, his successors in the following few generations helped spread Soto Zen throughout rural Japan. One stereotype in Soto studies is the distinction between Keizan's use of the visionary, inspired by Esoteric teachings, and the supposedly more pure Zen of Dogen. According to this stereotype, Dogen emphasized zazen and a rational presentation of buddha dharma, untainted by the more colorful and melodramatic Mahayana and Esoteric teachings indulged in by Keizan.[30] However, Dogen does indeed employ dreams and visions as skillful teaching tools. While we may certainly note differences in emphasis and style between Dogen and Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover, Keizan, Dogen is in fundamental accord with the world-view of medieval Japan, including the esoteric teachings of Shingon and Tendai that were the background for all Kamakura Buddhism. Dogen sees the Create A Monthly That Works A Free Excel Spreadsheet, phenomenal world as dynamically alive, and imbued with spirit forces. His visionary context is Health Standard Fax Cover Sheet perhaps most apparent in his interpretations and appropriations of the Lotus Sutra , and in his own references to dreaming. In Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, Dogen explicitly refers to the Lotus Sutra as a source for the role of dreams in his discourse style. He quotes a long passage that concludes the final verse in chapter fourteen of the sutra, beginning from, All buddhas, with bodies of How To Objective For Resume. Career Objective golden hue, splendidly adorned with a hundred auspicious marks, hear the dharma and expound it for others. Such is the fine dream that ever occurs. Health Standard Fax Cover. . . . Dogen interprets this passage as saying that the Resume Format Designer | Professional, whole archetypal story of the Buddha occurs in Generic Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet a dream.

Dogen's reading takes this passage out of its context in the sutra to emphasize that the Buddha is made king, leaves the Reference, palace, awakens under the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover, bodhi tree, and conducts his whole teaching career, all in Download Resumes a dream.[31] Thus this passage at the close of chapter fourteen is Generic Sheets. Health creatively interpreted by Dogen to Certificate Template For Word, serve as foreshadowing for the revelation in chapter sixteen of Buddha's inconceivable life-span, in which the Health, archetypal story of his birth, awakening, teaching, and death is more explicitly revealed as a skillful means to encourage beings. After quoting this passage, Dogen avers that, This dream of buddhas is not an analogy. In the original context of the Lotus Sutra text, this passage is merely describing the Create A Monthly Budget Using Excel Spreadsheet, rewards of those who preach the Lotus, in this instance the reward of Generic Fax Cover Health Sheet auspicious dreams.[32] But Dogen uses his creative reading to Format Download For Graphic Designer, validate, or at Generic Standard Sheet least exemplify, his teaching that the dream-state of the conditioned phenomenal world is Resume Designer | Professional exactly the Health Standard Sheet, arena for awakening. But here he is furthermore claiming the dream mentioned by the Lotus Sutra as a model for a skillful discourse mode that has recourse to the visionary as a tool for liberation. As in Budget That Works A Free the Lotus Sutra self-reflexive discourse style, the Health Standard Fax Cover, parable expression is itself a skillful mode of Download For Graphic Designer reality for Dogen, not separate from concrete phenomena. Dogen continues, People in Generic Standard Fax Cover Sheet the past and present mistakenly think that, thanks to the power of expounding this foremost dharma, mere night dreams may become like this dream of W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy A buddhas. Thinking like this, one has not yet clarified the Buddha's discourse. Awakening and dreaming from the beginning are one suchness, the genuine reality. The buddha-dharma, even if it were an analogy, is the genuine reality.[33]

For Dogen, the particular events of this dream world are the reality, and also the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Standard, skillful discourse, of the Write Objective, awakening of buddhas. The essays of Dogen's Shobogenzo , such as Muchu Setsumu, are sometimes philosophical and Generic Sheets. Health Standard Sheet, elaborative of Birthday Certificate Template For Word traditional Buddhist or Zen doctrines, and are addressed to Fax Cover Standard Fax Cover, a general audience of his contemporaries. In Eihei Koroku , by contrast, Dogen is directly addressing his small cadre of monk disciples at Eiheiji, stretching for means to encourage and develop their practice. In this work, the A Monthly Budget Works A Free, primary available source for Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover his mature teachings, as well as occasionally revealing humor or feelings such as sadness or regret, Dogen at times offers his own parables, often using fantastic, playful imagery, sometimes expressed as if in Create A Monthly Works Excel dreams. In the following three parables from Generic Sheets. Standard Fax Cover Sheet, Eihei Koroku jodos, Dogen's appropriation of Lotus and Create That Using Spreadsheet, Mahayana vision is Generic Fax Cover Fax Cover Sheet evidenced through the allusions to Mahayana rhetoric or figures in each of them. Heart Chart Mike Jespersen, Andre Noel. In Eihei Koroku jodo number 229, given in 1247, Dogen directly parodies the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Sheet, rhetoric of Mahayana sutras. The millions of Federal billions of transformation bodies [of buddhas] abide throughout a monk's staff, carry water and gather firewood to Fax Cover Coverage Fax Cover Sheet, make offerings to buddhas as numerous as there are sitting cushions, and, on the tip of a whisk, simultaneously all attain unsurpassed complete perfect enlightenment. They are all equally named Broken Wooden Ladle Tathagata, Worthy of Offerings, Omniscient, Foot of Budget Bright Practice, Well Gone One, World Liberator, Supreme One, Strong Controlling Person, Teacher of Humans and Coverage Standard Fax Cover, Heavenly Beings, World-Honored Buddha. The Country [of this Buddha] is named Clump of Soil; the kalpa is named Fist.

The duration of the True Dharma Age and Semblance Dharma Age are both twelve hours, and the buddha's longevity is that of a dried turd from three thousand great thousands of worlds. Federal Irs Copy A. Do you all understand? If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake. If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained. Dogen plays with words here, replacing the conventional sutra rhetoric for a buddha abiding throughout kalpas with his abiding throughout a monk's staff.

Instead of Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet making offerings to Heart Chart Mike Jespersen, Noel, buddhas as numerous as the Sheets. Coverage Standard, proverbial grains of sand in the Ganges River, Dogen substitutes buddhas as numerous as sitting cushions. Instead of the buddha sitting under the Format Download Resumes, bodhi tree as he attains enlightenment, Dogen has him sitting on Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, top of a whisk. Dogen then applies the standard ten epithets for a buddha, starting with Tathagata, to a new buddha invented here by Fitness Chart (poster): Mike Jespersen,, Dogen, named Broken Wooden Ladle, who might be seen as a reference to all of the humble monks practicing under him at Eiheiji. Continuing with his parody of conventional Mahayana sutra rhetoric, Dogen designates the buddha land of this fabulous new buddha as Clump of soil, his kalpa as Fist, and his longevity as that of a dried turd. Dogen seems to Sheets. Health, mock the standard Mahayana sutra rhetoric, iconoclastically mimicking a formula for Resume Format For Graphic | Professional Resumes describing buddhas used often in Health Standard the Lotus Sutra , for How To A Good Career For Resume. Career Objective example in chapters eight and nine on the predictions of future buddhahood of the five hundred disciples, and of learners and adepts.[34] However, Dogen actually is affirming his view of the Lotus Sutra , as originally interpreted by Saicho and Generic Fax Cover Health, expressed by LaFleur, that validates the world of concrete phenomena as expressive of the essence of awakening. Template Reference Form Reference. The new buddha is called Broken Wooden Ladle in celebration of a humble implement, to which Dogen frequently refers in highly exalted terms. Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Sheet. For example, in jodo 204 in 1246 he says, If you really know it, the temple pillars confirm that, and the wooden ladles study together with you. Then he has wooden ladles doing three prostrations and asking a dharma question.[35] Similarly revered in jodo 229, above, are the practice paraphernalia of sitting cushions, a monk's staff, and a teacher's whisk. But in celebrating humble phenomena, Dogen also emphasizes their ephemerality, as he says that the True and Semblance Dharma Ages of Broken Wooden Ladle Buddha endure merely twelve hours. Although an intact wooden ladle is Birthday Certificate For Word a useful implement, here the Buddha is named Broken Wooden Ladle, further emphasizing transiency, and Fax Cover Sheets. Fax Cover, recalling the Zen phrase, the bottom of a bucket broken out, which signifies the letting go of attachments in opening experiences. Dogen's challenge to his monks at the end of the jodo echoes the prominent Ch'an dharma combat rhetoric style of koan anthologies such as the Hekiganroku , Blue Cliff Record.

However, his statement, If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake, might also be seen as a rationale for the whole Lotus Sutra self-referential strategy of not explicitly stating the content of the dharma being celebrated and proclaimed. Template Reference Reference. Simultaneously, there is a mandate for this Dharma to be actually proclaimed. Sheets. Sheet. If you say you do not understand, even the Create A Monthly Using Spreadsheet, five precepts are not maintained, implies the ethical responsibility not to Generic Coverage Sheet, deny whatever is realized, despite its ephemerality. This may be seen as echoing the frequent theme in the Lotus Sutra of the responsibility of Shakyamuni's disciples to maintain the Birthday, Lotus Dharma in the future. Again, whether Dogen's rhetoric here borrows more from Ch'an tradition or more from the indirect modes of the Lotus Sutra is Fax Cover Sheets. Standard not the issue. The fact that he uses this style to mimic Lotus Sutra rhetoric, however, does indicate that in this jodo Dogen is concerned and aware of Resumes Lotus Sutra discourse style, and of appropriating it rhetorically, at least in part. In the following two examples, Dogen provides fantastic parables that seem to be framed as dreams when he describes them as happening last night.

Whether they were literal dreams or meditative visions is beside the point. As Bernard Faure says, For Buddhists there is Sheets. Health Standard no clear distinction between dreams that come during sleep and visions achieved in a waking state, or more precisely during meditation, in Template Reference Checklist Form Reference Form a state (samadhi) that, like trance, is often defined as being 'neither sleeping nor waking.'[36] Whether realized in sleep or samadhi, or merely used intentionally as literary devices invoking the visionary qualities of samadhi, Dogen uses these visions to express the dream within the dream, i.e. to reveal awakening amid the phenomenal. In his Enlightenment Day jodo, number 88, in 1241, Dogen says: Two thousand years later, we are the descendants [of Shakyamuni]. Two thousand years ago, he was our ancestral father. He is Health Coverage Fax Cover muddy and wet from A, following and chasing after the waves. It can be described like this, but also there is the principle of the Way [that we must] make one mistake after another. What is this like? Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet.

Face after face is Buddha's face; fulfillment after fulfillment is Buddha's fulfillment. Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] unintentionally stepped on a dried turd and it jumped up and covered heaven and earth. This mountain monk unintentionally stepped on it again, and it introduced itself, saying, My name is Shakyamuni. Then, this mountain monk unintentionally stepped on his chest, and immediately he went and sat on the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the traps and Generic Fax Cover Sheet, snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Without waiting for anyone to peck at his shell from outside, he received the thirty-two characteristics common to all buddhas, and together with this mountain monk, composed the following four line verse: Stumbling I stepped on his chest and his backbone snapped, Mountains and rivers swirling around, the dawn wind blew. Penetrating seven and accomplishing eight, bones piercing the Create A Monthly Budget Excel, heavens,

His face attained a sheet of golden skin. In this jodo Dogen describes a dream-like fantasy in which he accidentally steps on a piece of shit, and in accord with Yun-men's utterance often cited by Dogen, it jumps up and declares itself to be Shakyamuni. Generic Standard Fax Cover Sheet. This vision increases the apparent disrespect for Federal Irs Copy A Buddha in Yun-men's utterance, as Dogen again steps on his back (albeit again accidentally), even after the dried shit identifies himself as Shakyamuni. But Dogen uses this scatological vision not to degrade, but rather to further celebrate Buddha, by declaring that upon being stepped on, He went and sat on Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage, the vajra seat, saw the A, morning star, bit through the traps and snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Here Dogen skillfully proclaims and celebrates, non-explicitly, one of the major revelations of the Lotus Sutra , that of the Buddha's life-span enduring over inconceivable ages (mentioned above in connection with Dogen's reference in Expressing the Dream Within the Dream.) In chapter sixteen, Shakyamuni reveals that his archetypal story of his home-leaving and Sheets. Coverage Standard Sheet, awakening is demonstrated simply as a skillful mode. The effect of Gift Certificate Card For Word this dream parable of Dogen is to reinforce the story about skillful modes in chapter sixteen by describing Buddha and Generic Fax Cover Standard Sheet, his awakening process as still omnipresent, last night right at Eiheiji, and even in excrement.

Dogen's dream story also echoes the Lotus Sutra , chapter four, parable of the prodigal son, who can only come to A, realize his fundamental endowment after years of shoveling manure in Fax Cover Sheets. Standard his father's field. Birthday Certificate Card Template. As Dogen says in Generic Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet the introduction to his parable, even Shakyamuni is muddy and wet from following and chasing after the waves. Dogen's further introductory statement, Whether Buddha is Rate Chart Jespersen, Noel present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet, echoes the Lotus Sutra parable about the Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, ragged beggar unknowingly having the dharma jewel sewed within his robe. It further suggests the image in Write Career For Resume. Objective chapter fifteen of myriad bodhisattvas suddenly springing forth from beneath the ground under our feet, which represents the omnipresence of the bodhisattva potential in Fax Cover the ground of concrete phenomena. Having venerated Shakyamuni Buddha via seeming desecration in this last jodo parable, in Eihei Koroku jodo number 123, given in Checks Reference Checklist Check 1243, Dogen describes another dream vision, this one seeming to poke fun at Generic Fax Cover Coverage Standard Fax Cover Avalokiteshvara, the W-2 Laser Irs Copy, bodhisattva of compassion. One sheet of Sheets. Health Standard dull stubbornness is Heart Chart Jespersen, Noel three inches thick. Fax Cover. Three lengths of upside-downness is five feet long.

Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] struck the empty sky with a single blow. My fist didn't hurt, but the empty sky knew pain. A number of Checks Checklist Form Reference Check Form sesame cakes appeared and rushed to become the faces and eyes of the great earth. In the Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover, mock creation myth in the introduction to the jodo, Dogen punches out the empty sky. Then with bravado akin to such classic Ch'an masters of fisticuffs as Lin-chi or Te-shan (Rinzai and Tokusan in Japanese), Dogen declares that his fist didn't hurt, but the sky, which can also be read as emptiness itself, knew pain. Checks Form Form. Like the skillful fists of Lin-chi or Te-shan, with their constructive impact on their monk trainees, Dogen's fist brings forth a cascade of sesame cakes, which in turn shower down as thousands of faces and eyes.

The several references to the koan lexicon by Dogen in this jodo include case 78 of the Shoyoroku Book of Serenity anthology. When asked by a monk about talk transcending buddhas and ancestors, Yun-men answers, Sesame cake.[37] In case 82 of the Shoyoroku, the association of Yun-men with sesame cakes continues when he says, The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara brings money to Sheets. Health, buy a sesame cake: when he lowers his hand, it turns out to be a jelly-doughnut.[38] This story must have inspired Dogen's vision of Avalokiteshvara striving to Checklist, purchase sesame cakes. But Dogen envisions the sesame cakes as transformed into dynamically active eyes and faces rather than jelly-doughnuts, which are still mere commodities, even if richer than sesame cakes. As Dogen's parable in jodo 123 unfolds with dream-like narrative, someone shows up who wants to buy the sesame cakes (transformed into faces and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover, eyes). When Dogen inquires, the Write A Good Objective Objective, person identifies himself as Avalokiteshvara, just as the piece of shit in the previously discussed dream parable identifies himself as Sakyamuni.

Presumably Avalokiteshvara is trying to acquire from Dogen the eleven faces and thousand eyes for his hands as depicted in one of the bodhisattva's foremost iconographic forms.[39] With these multiple perspectives, the bodhisattva of Generic Health Fax Cover Sheet compassion can fulfill the skillful means that he is Download For Graphic | Professional known for, as seen in Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Sheet his diversity of W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy forms in chapter twenty-five of the Lotus Sutra . When Avalokiteshvara further identifies himself by the very common Chinese names Ch'ang and Li, this represents Avalokiteshvara as an Generic Sheets. Health Fax Cover ordinary person. Even in a dream (or a literary discourse he frames as visionary or dream-like), Dogen is thereby implicitly affirming practice in the mundane world and the immanent presence of compassion. In Expressing the Checks Form, Dream Within the Dream, written the Generic Standard Sheet, year before the parable in jodo123, Dogen declares that, The expression of the dream within the dream is the thousand hands and eyes of Avalokiteshvara that function by many means.[40] Here he explicitly denotes the discourse mode, the Checks Reference Checklist Reference Check, expression itself, as an Fax Cover Health aspect or example of Write A Good Objective For Resume. Career Objective Avalokiteshvara's skillful means. The parable itself ends with Avalokite§vara expressing his commitment and determination to obtain the eyes and faces (formerly sesame cakes), with which to proceed with his work of compassion, whether or not he has any money. In his own concluding commentary, Dogen adds, When Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva makes an appearance, mountains and rivers on the great earth are not dead ashes. Here Dogen emphasizes the dynamic, liberating quality of the world of concrete phenomena. For Dogen, the whole world and its components, even the dreams within a dream, are the vital functioning of awakening, like the conjured city in the Lotus Sutra parable, assisting those on the path.

Dogen's jodo concludes with a further affirmation of the enlightening potency of the phenomenal world, You should always remember that in the third month the partridges sing and the flowers open. Here the emergence of vitality in spring, and also its very invocation, functions skillfully as an encouraging metaphor for the enduring potential of awakening in Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Standard Sheet his disciple audience. The parables in How To A Good Objective Objective the Lotus Sutra may lack Dogen's humorous irony and visionary whimsy. But in accord with LaFleur's account of the function of those parables, Dogen uses his dream parables similarly as skillful modes with which to encourage his monks' engagement with and Generic Sheets. Sheet, affirmation of the complete reality of the Create A Monthly That Using A Free Excel, world of concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent. In his Eihei Koroku , Dogen relates parables that echo the Fax Cover Health Fax Cover Sheet, function of the parables in the Lotus Sutra by demonstrating the presence of wondrous dharma, right in the phenomenal world and in the midst of karmic consciousness. How To Career Objective. While such parables are occasional, and certainly not Dogen's major mode of literary expression, they do exemplify his borrowing of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Fax Cover Sheet Lotus Sutra styles in his discourse. More significantly than in Dogen's occasional use of parables, the profuse self-referencing of the Lotus Sutra and the complex, skillful impact of this self-reflexive discourse serves as one major resource or model for Dogen's style of proclamation. Dogen follows the Lotus Sutra self-referential style in For Graphic various of his rhetorical modes to proclaim and celebrate a teaching that often remains unstated, but which may be more provocative because of this quality of the non-explicit. Dogen's self-referential, proclamatory discourse (at least in Fax Cover Health Coverage Sheet some part borrowed from the Lotus Sutra discourse style), used as a mode with which to express and exemplify radical nondualism, becomes a model for Soto Zen expression and practice, supporting prominent Soto teachings such as the oneness of practice-realization. This essay has focused on Birthday, suggesting some of the aspects of Dogen's appropriation of Lotus Sutra styles of rhetoric in his own discourse.

Much more can be said about his inclusion of its doctrinal contents in his own teaching. Generic Health Standard Fax Cover. Still, Dogen's primary literary source by far was the vast Ch'an koan literature, which he was introducing as a new, foreign language into Japan, and which he had mastered to an astonishing degree. In his prominent use of the Designer | Professional, Lotus Sutra , on the other hand, he was referencing the Buddhist text that was perhaps most familiar to his Kamakura audience. His wide use of the Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Sheet, Lotus Sutra raises many questions. His devoted dissemination of the alien koan literature suggests that he was not citing the Lotus simply to match audience expectations or familiarities. Some aspects of Lotus teaching were clearly useful to legitimatization of Zen positions.

For example, he widely quotes the passage in Kumarajiva's translation of chapter two of the W-2 Laser Federal Irs Copy A, sutra that, Only a buddha together with a buddha can fathom the Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet, Reality of All Existence.[41] Dogen appropriates this saying for Fitness (poster): Mike Andre Noel his Shobogenzo essay Yuibutsu Yobutsu, Only Buddha and Buddha, as support for the Zen Dharma transmission tradition.[42] The Lotus Sutra focus on Shakyamuni also fits with the main buddha figure in Zen, rather than the Buddhas Amida or Vairocana venerated in the contemporary Pure Land and Esoteric (and Kegon) movements. But perhaps most fundamentally, the significant presence of the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's teaching content and in his style of Sheets. Health Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet presentation may serve to remind us of the substantial underpinnings of Mahayana thought and Checklist Check Form, practice in Soto Zen teachings. [1] For a discussion of some Lotus Sutra references by Generic Sheets. Health Coverage Standard, Dogen, and a list of some such citations, see Kagamishima Genryu, Dogen zenji to Checks Reference Checklist Form Reference Check, in'yo kyoten-goroku no kenkyu (Tokyo: Mokujisha, 1965), pp. 121-137; 217-219. A list of Sheets. Coverage Standard Lotus Sutra references in Dogen's Shobogenzo appears in Gudo Wafu Nishijima and Chodo Cross, trans. Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1 (Woods Hole, Mass.: Windbell Publications, 1994), pp. 293-321. [2] Ryuichi Abe and Peter Haskell, trans. with essays. Great Fool: Zen Master Ryokan; Poems, Letters, and Writings (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996), p.xiii. See also p. 21.

[3] For background on hongaku thought, see Ruben Habito, Originary Enlightenment: Tendai Hongaku Doctrine and How To Write A Good Objective Objective, Japanese Buddhism (Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies, 1996); and Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999). For Saicho's appropriation of sokushin jobutsu from the Generic Standard Sheet, Lotus Sutra story about the Dragon King's daughter, see Paul Groner, The Lotus Sutra and Saicho's Interpretation of the Realization of Buddhahood with This Very Body, in George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, editors. The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), pp. 53-74. [4] For an Template Form English translation of Hokke-Ten-Hokke, see Nishijima and Cross, Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1, pp. 203-220. Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet. I have also referred to a translation by Kazuaki Tanahashi and Michael Wenger, from the forthcoming Beyond Thinking , edited by Kazuaki Tanahashi. [5] Dogen appropriation of the Lotus, especially in terms of its use in Dogen's fundamental world-view underlying his praxis, will be further detailed in Reference Form Reference Form my forthcoming dissertation: Visions of Awakening Space and Time: The Bodhisattvas' Earth Emergence and the Inconceivable Life-Span in the Lotus Sutra , and Generic Sheets. Coverage Sheet, their Impact in Dogen's Teachings. [6] Steven Heine.

Dogen and the Koan Tradition (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994). [7] See Yasunari Kawabata, Japan the Beautiful and Myself, trans. Edward Seidensticker (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1969); and Steven Heine, The Zen Poetry of Dogen (Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 1997). [8] See Yifa, The Rules of Checks Template Reference Reference Check Purity for Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover the Chan Monastery: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Chanyuan Qinggui. Ph.D.

Dissertation at Yale University, 1996. Budget Works Using. The Chanyuan Qinggui was a major influence, quoted extensively by Dogen, in his Eihei Shingi. Generic Health Standard Sheet. See Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community: A Translation of Eihei Shingi (Albany: State University of Resume Download For Graphic Designer Resumes New York Press, 1996). [9] See, for examples, Edward Conze, trans., The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines its Verse Summary (Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973), pp. 15, 120-121; and Buddhist Text Translation Society, Sutra of the Past Vows of Earth Store Bodhisattva (Talmage, Cal.: Dharma Realm Buddhist University, 1982), pp. 69-71, 89-92, along with many other passages. [10] I am using the Generic Sheets. Coverage, Chinese /Japanese edition of Kumarajiva's translation, Myoho Rengekyo, 3 vols. Heart Rate Chart (poster): Noel. (Tokyo: Iwanamai Bunko, 1996). English translations consulted are Leon Hurvitz, trans. Fax Cover Coverage Sheet. Scripture of the W-2 Laser A, Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma (New York: Columbia University Press, 1976); Bunno Kato, Yoshiro Tamura, and Kojiro Miyasaka, trans. The Threefold Lotus Sutra: Innumerable Meanings, The Lotus Flower of the Wonderful Law, and Meditation on the Bodhisattva Universal Virtue (New York: Weatherhill, 1975); and Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra , (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993). [11] Introduction to George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Coverage Sheet, Willa Jane Tanabe, The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture, p. 2. [12] Jodo, literally ascending the hall, referred to Fitness Heart Chart Mike Noel, here as dharma discourses, were the major form of presentation in Sung China Ch'an temples.

They were often quite brief, given in Generic Health Coverage Standard the Dharma Hall with the teacher on the high seat on the altar and with the monks standing. W-2 Laser. Apparently they were the teaching form eventually favored by Dogen, since he nearly stopped writing the longer essays of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Coverage Standard Fax Cover Sheet Shobogenzo after 1244, but continued using the formal Jodo talks, which were recorded in Eihei Koroku , in training his monks at Eiheiji before his death in 1253. [13] All references to Eihei Koroku are from the earlier monkaku version (rather than Manzan's later edition) in Kosaka Kiyu and Suzuki Kakuzen, eds. Dogen Zenji Zenshu. vols. 3 and 4 (Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1989). All translations in this essay are from Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, trans. Dogen's Extensive Record: A Translation of Eihei Koroku (Boston: Wisdom Publications, forthcoming). [14] Yun-men's response to a monk's question, What is Buddha? of kanshiketsu has been interpreted legitimately either as a dried shitstick, a standard implement that was used as we now use toilet paper, or simply as a dried turd, an How To Write Career Objective interpretation derived from Chuang-tzu's usage, which will be used as the translation in other jodo below, according to varied contexts. Yun-men's equation of Buddha with kanshiketsu appears, for example, in Mumonkan , case 21.

See Yamada, Gateless Gate, pp. 109-112. For a discussion of Dogen's likely interpretation of Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's utterance as sesame rather than the usual translation of flax, see the Health Coverage, note to Dogen's reference to it in Tenzokyokun in Leighton and Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community, P. 56. This story appears, for example, in case 12 of Hekiganroku and in case 18 of Mumonkan . See Thomas Cleary and J.C. Cleary, trans. The Blue Cliff Record (Boston: Shambhala, 1977), pp. Budget Works Using. 81-87; and Koun Yamada, Gateless Gate (Los Angeles: Center Publications, 1967), pp. 96-99.

[15] See Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra, p. 45; Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, p. 45; Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. Generic Fax Cover Health Coverage Standard. 74. [16] William LaFleur, The Karma of Words: Buddhism and the Literary Arts in How To A Good Objective For Resume. Career Medieval Japan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), p. 87. [17] Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 29-30. [18] LaFleur, The Karma of Words, p. 87. [19] Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism, p. 14. [20] See Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, trans. Generic Fax Cover Health Fax Cover. The Heart of Heart Chart (poster): Jespersen, Andre Noel Shobogenzo (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), pp. 59-98. [21] George J. Tanabe, Jr., Myoe the Dreamkeeper: Fantasy and Knowledge in Early Kamakura Buddhism. Sheets. Health Standard Fax Cover. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), p. 9. [24] See Taigen Dan Leighton and Kazuaki Tanahashi, trans.

Within a Dream Expressing a Dream, in Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Enlightenment Unfolds: The Essential Teachings of Zen Master Dogen (Boston: Shambhala, 1999), pp. 165-172. [27] Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Moon in a Dewdrop: Writings of Zen Master Dogen (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1985), p. How To Write Objective Career. 69. [28] For Myoe's dream journal, and commentary, see Tanabe, Myoe the Dreamkeeper, cited above, and Hayao Kawaii, The Buddhist Priest Myoe: A Life of Dreams, translated with introduction by Mark Unno, (Venice, Ca.: The Lapis Press, 1992). [29] See Bernard Faure, Visions of Power: Imagining Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996). [30] For further discussion of the stereotypical distinctions between Keizan and Dogen, see Faure, Visions of Power, pp. 3-4, 211-215. [31] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, pp. 170-171; and Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 223-224.

[32] I am indebted for clarification of the difference in Dogen's reading of this passage, and for many other suggestions for this paper, to the kind response commentary of Jan Nattier. [33] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 171. [34] The Lotus Sutra includes a number of variations on the full formula for descriptions of buddhas and their buddha-fields parodied by Generic Fax Cover Fax Cover, Dogen, also including versions in chapter twelve on Devadatta and chapter twenty-three on How To Career Career, the Bodhisattva Medicine King. One of the versions closest to the full formula parodied by Dogen is the description of Generic Fax Cover Sheets. Health Fax Cover Ananda's prediction in chapter nine. See Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 168-169. [35] Dogen refers frequently to ladles in Gift Template Eihei Koroku , used as a term for reliable practice implements, and sometimes for practitioners themselves. For other examples, jodo 219 in 1247 begins, Abundant with ten thousand virtues, the Fax Cover Sheet, sitting cushions and wooden ladles are dignified. Fitness Heart Rate Chart Mike Jespersen, Noel. In jodo 320 in Fax Cover Fax Cover 1249, Dogen refers to Shakyamuni himself as, The wooden ladle at Vulture Peak.

[36] Faure, Visions of Power, p. 116. [37] See Thomas Cleary, trans. Book of Serenity (Boston: Shambhala, 1998; originally published by Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1990), pp. 332-334. [39] For the iconographic forms of Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, see Taigen Daniel Leighton, Bodhisattva Archetypes: Classic Buddhist Guides to Checklist Form Check Form, Awakening and their Modern Expression (New York: Penguin Arkana, 1998), pp.

159-170. [40] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 169. [41] See Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. Generic Fax Cover Standard Sheet. 52. Compared to the Sanskrit original, which simply denotes plural buddhas, Kumarajiva's rendition emphasizes the relational aspect of Certificate Card a buddha together with a buddha. [42] See Tanahashi, Moon in a Dewdrop, pp.

161-167.