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Security for Building Occupants and Assets. the WBDG Secure/Safe Committee. The 2001 terrorist attacks at New York City's World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the 1995 bombing of Oklahoma City's Alfred P. Murrah Federal Office Building, the 2013 Washington Navy Yard shooting, and the 2016 Ohio State University vehicle ramming attack d, shook the nation, and made Americans aware of the need for better ways to protect occupants, assets, public gatherings, and buildings from human aggressors (e.g. | Web. disgruntled employees, criminals, vandals, lone active shooter, and terrorists). The 2001 terrorist attacks demonstrated the country's vulnerability to 24+ Christmas Flyers Vector a wider range of threats and Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker | Web Things heightened public concern for the safety of workers and occupants in all Building Types and Letter Pdf | Slip public gathering spaces. Css Price Table Templates Menu. Many federal agencies responding to these concerns have adopted an overarching philosophy to provide appropriate and cost-effective protection for building occupants. The basic components of the physical security measures to address an explosive threat considers the establishment of a protected perimeter, the prevention of progressive collapse, the design of a debris mitigating facade, the My School Writing, isolation of internal explosive threats that may evade detection through the Css Price Table Templates Maker Things, screening stations or may enter the public spaces prior to screening and Services the protection of the emergency evacuation, rescue and recovery systems. Table Templates. Other than establishing a protected perimeter, these protective measures are generally achieved through principles of structural dynamics, nonlinear material response, ductile detailing, and space planning. Operational security and 8+ Salary Letter Slip life safety measures should be considered together with the physical security measures to Templates develop a comprehensive building security design. Security measures, such as setbacks, bollards, protective glazing, and Resume Samples structural hardening, are incorporated into Css Price Table Maker Things the design of the new Oklahoma City Federal Building, located north of where the former Alfred P. Resume. Murrah Federal Building once stood. Designed by Css Price Table Maker | Web Things, Ross Barney + Jankowski Architects and Atkins Benham. Photo Credit: Ross Barney Architects.

Effective implementation of the physical security measures will require the involvement of Unborn Baby Chart Template - 5+ Pdf Documents, blast engineers and security consultants at the onset of the programming phase. Early and ongoing coordination between the blast engineer, the structural engineer, the security consultant and the entire design team is critical to Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker Things providing an 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector, optimal design that is both open and inviting to the public and compliant with the security requirements. In addition to the FEMA risk reduction publications that provide background information for performing risk assessments and guidance for protective design approaches, different branches of the federal government developed design criteria for the protection of federal facilities. The most prominent of these agency design criteria are the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) risk management process, the Department of Defense Unified facility Criteria, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Physical Security Design Manuals, and the Department of State (DOS)Overseas Building Organization (OBO) Design Standards. Css Price | Web. Each of 24+ Christmas Flyers Vector Eps, these government agencies considers the effects of terrorist explosive events on their facilities and the protection of their occupants. An overview of each of these agency design criteria is provided below. Interagency Security Committee (ISC) Membership in Css Price | Css Menu, the ISC consists of over My School Essay. Custom Writing Services 185 senior level executives from Table Templates Maker | Web, 54 federal agencies and departments. In accordance with Executive Order 12977, modified by Executive Order 13286, the ISC's primary members represent 21 federal agencies and is chaired by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

The ISC criteria underwent a major revision in April of 2010 and 24+ Christmas Eps had minor amendments in Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker, August 2013 and again in Top 8 Assistant Samples, January 2016. The most recent revision of the Table Templates | Css Maker | Web, ISC guidance compendium is a risk-based approach that is composed of: Note: Three of the appendices to this document are For Official Use Only (FOUO) and will only be distributed outside the Schedule - 6+, Government on a need-to-know basis. The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix A: Design-Basis Threat Report (FOUO), 11th Edition by Interagency Security Committee. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2017. The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix B: Countermeasures (FOUO), 3rd Edition by Interagency Security Committee.

Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2016. The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix C: Child-Care Centers Level of Protection Template (FOUO), 2nd Edition by Interagency Security Committee. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2016. The Risk Management Process Standard provides five Facility Security Levels (FSL). The FSL is based on the characteristics of the facility and the occupancies they house. Five factors (mission criticality, symbolism, facility population, facility size, and threat to tenant agencies) are quantified to determine the FSL. The FSL is determined by Css Price Table Templates Menu | Web Things, the Facility Security Committee (FSC)in multi-tenant facilities, which consists of representatives of all Federal tenants in the facility, the By Adeel Ali. - Ppt Video, security organization, and Css Price Templates | Css | Web the owning or leasing department or agency.

In single-tenant facilities the 24+ Christmas - Psd, Eps, determination is Menu | Web, made by Certificate Letter Pdf | Salary Slip, a representative of the tenant agency. Once the FSL is established, the Css Price Templates | Css Menu, Design Basis Threat document provides the Design Basis Threat Scenario, Baseline Threat, Analytical Basis, Target Attractiveness and Outlook for 33 undesirable events that range from Aircraft as a Weapon to Workplace Violence. This all-hazards approach provides a comprehensive review of the potential acts of violence the Unborn Growth Chart Template Excel, Pdf Documents, facility faces and provides guidance to assess the risk. Risk Management Process Standard provides the overall basis for the threat and risk assessment. Table Templates Menu Things. The Facility Security Committee is responsible for addressing the facility specific security issues and Unborn Baby Growth Chart Free Excel, Pdf Documents approving the implementation of Css Price Table | Css Maker | Web, security measures and practices.

The implementation may be a combination of operational and physical security measures based on the FSL and the Level of Protection (LOP) that is Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali. - Ppt, deemed both appropriate and achievable. To facilitate the process, the document tabulates the requirements for all the Table Templates | Css Maker, individual security criteria categories relative to the desired LOP. Unborn Baby Free Excel, Pdf Documents. The security criteria categories are further correlated to additional Appendix information and to the specific undesirable events that the protective measures are intended to address. This presentation of the protective design criteria helps illustrate the all-hazard risk based approach. General Services Administration (GSA)

The ISC PSC is risk based and open to the interpretation of the protective design consultant. Table Templates Menu | Web Things. To establish a consistent application of the ISC PSC across the building portfolio, the General Services Administration (GSA) has developed the - Psd, Eps, General Services Administration Facility Security Requirements for Explosive Devices Applicable to Facility Security Levels III and IV, GSA's Interpretation of the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) Physical Security Criteria (2 August 2011) (SBU). This document provides specific facility security requirements for explosive devices for Facility Security Levels (FSL) III and IV. The guidance includes the calculation of Css Price Templates | Css Maker | Web Things, blast loads, material strength factors, flexure and shear response criteria, glazed system response criteria, facade performance, structure performance and progressive collapse resistance. The DoD utilizes Unified Facility Criteria (UFC) to establish their facility construction requirements. The two overarching security engineering UFCs are UFC 4-020-01 DoD Security Engineering Planning Manual and UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings . 24+ Christmas - Psd, Vector Eps. The DoD Security Engineering Planning Manual is the starting point and, based on the risk to and value of the asset, drives the application of the DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings and Css Price | Web Things any additional protective construction over and above the minimum standards. The planning manual implements a risk based model that ranks 14 rating factors to determine the level of protection required for each of 13 aggressors (threats).

Those rating factors include asset value, asset replaceable, military impact of Chart Template Pdf Documents, loss, political sensitivity, related value, location, public profile, accessibility, availability, mobility of Table | Css Menu Maker | Web Things, asset, recognizable value to aggressor, law enforcement presence, perceived success, threat level, local history, terrorist capability, terrorist environment, and Top 8 Teacher Resume terrorist activity. All these factors are scored to determine the Templates | Css Maker Things, level of 8+ Salary Letter Pdf | Salary, protection. Regardless of the risk and value of the asset, DoD has directed that all occupied facilities must receive a baseline level of protection for its employees, contractors and Table Templates dependents in Top 8 Daycare Teacher, order to protect against mass casualties. Therefore assets that score less than 0.5 in asset value or threat likelihood must only comply with the baseline protective requirements in the UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings . Templates | Css Menu Maker. These two UFCs and other supporting security engineering UFCs can be found on the Whole Building Design Guide, Federal Facility Criteria - Department of Defense section. For off installation leased DoD facilities for Sample Event - 6+ DoD must follow the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities. This exception is Css Price Table Menu Maker, intended to reduce the cost of leased facilities, eliminate relocation cost, align with other federal agency security requirements and make it easier to obtain commercial leased space. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) VA conducted assessments of representative facilities and campuses in both urban and rural areas and identified the vulnerabilities that are common to most facilities. Based on Eps the findings of these assessments, VA developed the Templates | Css Maker | Web Things, Physical Security Design Manuals (PSDM) for Mission Critical (MC) Facilities and for Life-Safety Protected (LSP) Facilities.

These documents outline the Hr Scorecard Tariq - Ppt Video, most practical and Table | Css Maker | Web cost effective protective measures that address both natural and man-made hazards to which occupants may be exposed. The Design Manuals address site conditions, building entrances and exits, functional areas, building envelope, building structure, utilities and building services, building systems, and security systems. The Department of State (DoS) security criteria for Sample Event - 6+ their international facilities are documented in the 2014 Overseas Building Organization (OBO) Design Standards Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). The approach of the DOS requirements is to Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web Things enforce both an Essay. Custom Writing Services, anti-ram and anti-personnel standoff distance, provide a debris mitigating and forced entry ballistic resistant (FEBR) facade; provide a regular moment resisting frame that is inherently resistant to progressive collapse and to design the Table | Css Menu | Web Things, structure to resist the blast induced base shears. Both the magnitudes of the design basis threats (DBT) and Sample Event Schedule Documents the performance criteria for the DoS buildings are generally much more arduous than the corresponding requirements imposed by other government agencies. Guidance for Commercial Buildings. Although there are numerous government security criteria standards, there are no comparable documents for commercial buildings.

The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) therefore undertook the task to develop a consensus based Blast Standard that identifies the Table Templates | Css Menu | Web, minimum planning, design, construction, and assessment requirements for new and existing buildings subject to Assistant Resume Samples the effects of accidental or malicious explosions, including principles for Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Things establishing appropriate threat parameters, levels of protection, loadings, analysis methodologies, materials, detailing, and test procedures. The document does not prescribe requirements or guidelines for the mitigation of progressive collapse or other potential post-blast behavior. Unlike the government standards, the ASCE Standards are written for structural engineers with specific information pertaining to the design and Dissertation Writing detailing of blast resistant structures and facade systems. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, a proven methodology that not only Unborn Baby Growth Chart Template Excel, Pdf Documents enhances the performance of these security and safety measures, but also provides aesthetics and value engineering. CPTED utilizes four (4) primary, overlapping principles: Natural Surveillance, Natural Access Control, Territoriality, and Maintenance. Natural surveillance follows the premise that criminals do not wish to be observed; placing legitimate 'eyes' on the street, such as providing window views and Table | Css Menu Maker | Web Things lighting, increases the perceived risk to 8+ Salary offenders, reduces fear for Table Menu | Web Things bona fide occupants and visitors, as well as lessening reliance on 8+ Salary Certificate Letter Pdf | Salary Slip only camera surveillance. Css Price Menu. Natural Access Control supplements physical security and operational measures with walls, fences, ravines, or even hedges to define site boundaries, to channel legitimate occupants and My School visitors to designated entrances, and to reduce access points and Css Price Menu | Web Things escape routes. Territoriality involves strategies to project a sense of Sample Schedule In Pdf, ownership to spaces such that it becomes easier to Css Price Table Things identify intruders because they don't seem to 8+ Salary Letter belong. Clear differentiation between public, semi-public, and Table | Css Menu Maker | Web private spaces by using signage, fences, pavement treatment, art, and flowers are examples of ways to express ownership.

Maintenance is a key element to preserve lines of sights for surveillance, to retain the Unborn Baby Growth Free Excel, Pdf Documents, defensiveness of physical elements, and to project a sense of care and ownership. Together, the principles of CPTED increase the effectiveness of operational, technical, and physical safety methods, thereby lessening equipment and Templates | Css Maker operating costs. For total design efficiency and cost effectiveness, security, safety, and CPTED measures are best applied at the beginning of a project. Security programming is a useful practice to identify security design requirements necessary to satisfy stakeholder concerns. Application of Standards to Buildings. As is evident in the overview of the different existing standards above, there are currently no universal codes or standards that apply to all public and private sector buildings. Daycare Teacher Assistant Resume Samples. However, most designers agree that security issues must be addressed in using integrated design process with an understanding of the Table Templates Maker | Web, impacts and goals of other design objectives.

This will ensure a quality building with effective security. Depending on the building type, acceptable levels of risk, and decisions made based on recommendations from a comprehensive threat assessment, vulnerability assessment, and risk analysis, appropriate countermeasures should be implemented to protect people, assets, and mission. Some types of 24+ Christmas Eps, attack and threats to consider include: Unauthorized entry/trespass (forced and covert), including vehicle ramming threats Insider threats Explosive threats: Stationary and moving vehicle-delivered, mail bombs, package bombs Ballistic threats: Small arms, high-powered rifles, drive-by shootings, etc. Weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, and radiological) Disruptive threats (hoaxes, false reports, malicious attempts to disrupt operations) Cyber and information security threats Supervisory Control and Acquisition Data (SCADA) system threats (relevant as they relate to HVAC, mechanical/electrical systems control and other utility systems that are required to operate many functions within building) Multi-tactic threats.

Unauthorized Entry (Forced and Covert) Protecting the facility and Table | Css Menu | Web Things assets from - Psd,, unauthorized persons is an important part of any security system. Some items to Css Price Templates Maker | Web consider include: Compound or facility access control Control perimeter: Fences, bollards, anti-ram barriers Traffic control, remote controlled gates, anti-ram hydraulic drop arms, hydraulic barriers, parking control systems Forced-Entry-Ballistic Resistant (FE-BR) doors, windows, walls and roofs Barrier protection for man-passable openings (greater than 96 square inches) such as air vents, utility openings and culverts Mechanical locking systems Elimination of 24+ Christmas Flyers Eps, hiding places Multiple layer protection processes Perimeter intrusion detection systems Clear zone Video and CCTV surveillance technology Alarms Detection devices (motion, acoustic, infrared) Personnel identification systems Access control, fingerprints, biometrics, ID cards Credential management Tailgating policies Primary and secondary credential systems Protection of information and data Acoustic shielding Shielding of electronic security devices from Table | Css Menu Maker Things, hostile electronic environments Computer screen shields Secure access to equipment, networks, and hardware, e.g. satellites and telephone systems. One of the most serious threats may come from Growth Free Excel,, persons who have authorized access to a facility. Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web. These may include disgruntled employees or persons who have gained access through normal means (e.g., contractors, support personnel, etc.). To mitigate this insider threat some items to consider include: Implement personnel reliability programs and background checks Limit and control access to sensitive areas of the Documents In Pdf, facility Compartmentalization within the Css Price Table Menu | Web Things, building/campus Two-man rule for access to Event Schedule - 6+ restricted areas Video and CCTV surveillance technology.

Explosive Threats: Stationary and Moving Vehicle-Delivered, Mail Bombs, Package Bombs. Explosive threats tend to be the terrorist weapon of choice. Devices may include large amounts of explosives that require delivery by a vehicle. However, smaller amounts may be introduced into a facility through mail, packages, or simply hand carried in Css Price Table Templates Maker Things, an unsecured area. Normally the best defense is to provide defended distance between the threat location and the asset to be protected.

This is typically called standoff distance. If standoff is not available or is insufficient to prevent direct contact or reduce the blast forces reaching the protected asset, structural hardening may be required. If introduced early in the design process, this may be done in an efficient and Unborn Chart Template cost-effective manner. Things. If introduced late in a design, or if retrofitting an existing facility, such a measure may prove to be economically difficult to Daycare Teacher Resume Samples justify. Some items to consider include: Including qualified security and blast consulting professionals from programming forward. Providing defended standoff for vehicle-borne weapons using rated or certified barriers such as anti-ram fencing or bollards, by using reinforced street furniture such as planters, plinth walls or lighting standards, by using natural and man-made elements such as storm water elements, berms, ditches, tree masses, etc., by site layout strategies for parking areas, roadways, loading docks and other locations accessible by vehicles, by critical asset location strategies, and/or by security protocol through policy and procedures (e.g. vehicle inspections, etc.). Consider structural hardening and hazard mitigation designs such as ductile framing that is capable of withstanding abnormal loads and preventing progressive collapse, protective glazing, strengthening of walls, roofs, and other facility components. For critical assets that cannot be disrupted or for Css Price Templates | Css Things emergency response assets, provide redundancy and physical separation of critical infrastructure (HVAC), utility systems (water, electricity, fuel, communications and ventilation). Provide for refuge and Baby Chart - 5+ Pdf Documents evacuation. Consider plans for suicide bombers.

Confer with authorities who have had previous experience. Provide defended standoff for hand-carried weapons with anti-climb fencing, barrier (thorny) plants, natural surveillance of routine occupants and unobstructed spaces, electronic surveillance, intrusion detection, territoriality using defined spaces, natural access control using exterior and interior pedestrian layout strategies, security protocol through policy and procedures (visitor management, personnel and package screening, etc.). Consider handling mail at alternate or remote locations not attached to the building or in a wing of the Maker | Web Things, building with a dedicated HVAC system to limit contamination and damage to Schedule In Pdf the main building. Consider loading docks in Css Price Table Menu Maker Things, structures unattached to the main building with a dedicated HVAC system to limit contamination and damage to the main building. These threats may include active shooters, random drive-by shootings to high-powered rifle attacks directed at specific targets within the Essay. Writing, facility (assassinations).

It is important to quantify the potential risk and to establish the appropriate level of protection. The most common ballistic protection rating systems include: Underwriters Laboratories (UL), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), H.P. White Laboratory, and ASTM International. Css Price Templates Maker | Web Things. Materials are rated based on their ability to stop specific ammunition (e.g., projectile size and velocity). Daycare Samples. Some items to consider include: Obscuration or concealment screening using trees and hedges, berms, solid fencing, walls, and less critical buildings Ballistic resistant rated materials and products Locating critical assets away from direct lines of sight through windows and doors Minimize number and size of windows Physical energy absorption screens such as solid fences, walls, earthen parapets Provide opaque windows or window treatments such as reflective coatings, shades or drapes to decrease sight lines. Avoid sight lines to assets through vents, skylights, or other building openings Use foyers or other door shielding techniques to Css Price | Css | Web Things block observation through a doorway from an Essay. Custom Writing Services, outside location. Avoid main entrances to buildings or critical assets that face the Css Price | Css Things, perimeter or an uncontrolled vantage point Secured compartmentalization of the Sample Event Schedule Documents In Pdf, facility to limit internal mobility Mass notification and security systems Facility access control CCTV. Weapons of Css Price Table | Css Menu, Mass Destruction: Chemical, Biological, and Radiological (CBR)

Commonly referred to as WMD, these threats generally have a low probability of occurrence but the consequences of an attack may be severe. These threats may be delivered by hand, mail, or as a result of accidental release of toxic industrial agents. While fully protecting a facility against such threats may not be feasible with few exceptions, there are several common sense and low cost measures that can improve resistance and reduce the Top 8 Daycare Assistant Samples, risks. Some items to consider include: Protect ventilation pathways into the building Control access to air inlets and water systems Locate air intake well above ground level Provide detection and filtration systems for HVAC systems, air intakes and Css Price Templates | Css Maker | Web Things water systems Provide for emergency HVAC shutoff and control Segregate portions of building spaces (i.e., provide separate HVAC for the lobby, loading docks, and the core of the building) Consider positive pressurization to keep contaminates outside of the facility Provide an Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt, emergency notification system to facilitate orderly response and evacuation Avoid building locations in depressions where air could stagnate Provide access control to mechanical rooms Provide CBR monitoring apparatus.

Cybersecurity - Protection Of Information And Infrastructure Control Systems. The Target Stores data hack brought increased attention to the network connectivity of facilities/buildings operations and maintenance vendors, the Things, organization's business IT systems, and the facility/building control systems. Buildings are increasingly relying on Daycare Resume building control systems with embedded communications technology and many enabled via the Internet. Css Price Templates Maker. These systems provide critical services that allow a building to meet the functional and operational needs of building occupants, but they can also be easy targets for Pdf | hackers and people with malicious intent. Attackers can exploit these systems to gain unauthorized access to facilities; be used as an entry point to the traditional informational technology (IT) systems and data; cause physical destruction of | Css Maker | Web, building equipment; and expose an organization to significant financial obligations to contain and eradicate malware or recover from a cyber-event. The facility/building controls systems such as the Building Automation Systems (BAS), Energy Management Systems (EMS), Physical Security Access Control Systems (PACS), and Fire Alarm Systems (FAS) are just beginning to be considered as potential hacking points into an organization.

These control systems are often referred to as Operational Technologies (OT) and Unborn Chart - 5+ use a combination of traditional IT protocols such as TCP and UDP, but also use controls systems' unique protocols such as Modbus, BACnet, LonTalk, and DNP 3 to communicate with the sensors, devices, and actuators. IT is about data, OT is about controlling machines and OT is increasingly becoming more IP based. The Internet of Everything, Smart Grid, Smart Cities, Smart Buildings and Smart Cars are redefining the boundary between IT and OT. As the IT and OT systems have converged, so have the risk and vulnerabilities of hacking and using the Table Templates | Css Maker | Web, OT systems as a point of entry and then pivoting up the Presented By Adeel Mobashir Video, network and Table Maker taking control of other system assets. Table 4 Comparing IT and OT Systems. The National Institute of Sample - 6+ Documents In Pdf, Standards and Technology (NIST) has been a primary source of IT cyber standards and guides. Css Price Templates | Css Maker. The NIST SP 800-37 and NIST SP 800-53 publications, the SANS Top Twenty controls, and ISO standards have been used by both government and 24+ Christmas - Psd, industry as IT best practices for many years. Control System Cyber Exploits Increasing in Table | Css Maker | Web Things, Number and Complexity: On the OT side, the ISA 99 and NIST SP 800-82 Rev 2 Industrial Control Systems Security Guide provide the standards and guides for Industrial Control Systems (ICS) 1 . Unborn Baby Growth Chart - 5+ Excel, Pdf Documents. ICS or OT has traditionally not received the same level of cyber scrutiny as the IT systems; however, malware such as Stuxnet, Duqu, and Flame are now specifically designed to Css Price | Css Things infect the OT components and devices at the firmware or Project File level, and Daycare Assistant then inject false commands to spoof the Css Price Table Things, operator's Human Machine Interface (HMI) console, establish a command and control channel to Sample - 6+ Documents exfiltrate data (technical specifications, floor plans, drawings, etc.), create Botnets, or physically destroy the Css Price Table Menu | Web Things, equipment and other IT systems. An underlying fundamental concept of the Top 8 Daycare Assistant Samples, NIST SP 800-82 Rev 2 Industrial Control Systems Security Guide is the concept of Inbound Protection and Css Price Templates | Web Outbound Detection. All control systems should be on a separate network with multiple levels of Sample Event Schedule, DMZs and sub-networks. Defending Building Control Systems: The WBDG Cybersecurity Resource Page is meant to be primarily for the buildings community, but also has additional information and Table | Css | Web links to other control systems, workshops, and training.

All facility/building owners, property managers, engineering, and security staff are highly encouraged to understand the basic principles of Top 8 Daycare, NIST SP 800-82 R2; know how to use the DHS CSET tool; understand how the Shodan, Kali Linux, SamuraiSTFU, and other tools work for penetration testing; and Templates Maker | Web prepare to adopt new acquisition and procurement processes into their organizations. Whereas the IT community has had almost two decades to learn and Top 8 implement cybersecurity, the OT community will have an accelerated learning curve and will need to work closely with senior management, IT, and other stakeholders to properly cybersecure their assets. Every building owner should have a building cybersecurity strategy and have the following key documents that cover both the IT and OT assets: System Security Plan (SSP); Plan of Action and Milestones (POAM); Information Technology and Templates Maker | Web Things Concept of Operations Plan (ITCP); Incident Communications Procedures (ICP); Security Auditing Plan (SAP) DHS ICS-CERT maintains the list of vulnerabilities and Resume Samples alerts for control systems, and publishes the Cyber Security Evaluation Tool (CSET) which is free of charge to any organization and Table Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web Things contains standards, guides, references, networking diagram tools, compliance evaluations, and Baby Growth Chart Template - 5+ Excel, Pdf Documents can generate System Security Plans and other key documents. Another effort being led by the DHS Interagency Security Committee is the Securing Government Assets through Combined Traditional Security and Table Templates | Css Maker Information Technology White Paper . This document outlines the Risk Management Framework process applied to Physical Security systems such as Closed-Circuit Video Equipment (CCVE) or video systems, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and electronic Physical Access Control Systems (PACS). Key to the recommendations is to bring the physical security specialists, facility engineers and managers, IT, system integrators, and property owner to the table to Schedule - 6+ In Pdf conduct assessments and develop System Security Plans. DoD Cybersecurity Design Guidance and Tactics, Techniques and Procedures. The DoD has adopted the Risk Management Framework (RMF) for Table Maker Things all Information Technology and Operational Technology networks, components and devices to include Facility-Related Control Systems (FRCS). The DoD Unified Facility Criteria (UFC) 04-10-016 Cybersecuring Facility-Related Control Systems was published in September 2016 describes requirements for incorporating cybersecurity in the design of all facility-related control systems.

It defines a process based on Custom Dissertation Services the Risk Management Framework suitable for | Css Maker Things control systems of any impact rating, and applies to all planning, design and construction, renovation, and Event - 6+ Documents In Pdf repair of new and Table Templates Menu Things existing facilities and installations that result in DoD real property assets, regardless of funding source. The publication is based on NIST SP 800-82 R2 and Unborn Baby Template - 5+ Pdf Documents is generic enough such that it can be used by any organization. The DoD Advanced Cyber Industrial Control Systems Tactics, Techniques and Procedures is a step-by-step guide on Table Templates Menu Things how to Detect, Mitigate and Essay. Dissertation Writing Services Recover a Facility-Related Control System that has been attacked/compromised, and establishes the requirement for a Jump-Kit Rescue CD with the Fully Mission Capable Baseline configurations. The publication is generic enough such that can it be used by Css Price | Css Maker, any organization. The DoD ESTCP Cybersecurity Guidelines website is a comprehensive One Stop Shop for Cybersecurity Guidance.

ESTCP FRCS projects will be required to 24+ Christmas Vector meet RMF requirements and demonstrate the capability to meet certain cybersecurity criteria, and if required, obtain an Authorization To Operate (ATO) on Table Templates Menu Things the DoD Information Network (DoDIN). The site provides step-by-step instructions to - 6+ create a baseline risk assessment in the planning and design phases, how to create a Test and Development Environment, a Design and Construction Sequence Table that identifies deliverables and expected timeframe such as when and how to Css Price Menu Maker | Web Things perform Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) in Hr Scorecard Tariq Video, the construction phase; and conduct full Site Acceptance Testing (to include penetration testing) for system turnover, templates, resources and tools. Building Design to Mitigate the Potential for a Progressive Collapse. Progressive collapse is loosely defined as a situation where a localized failure of a primary structural element leads to Css Price Table | Css Menu | Web the collapse of adjacent structural elements, which propagates to Top 8 Assistant Resume disproportionate collapse of the structure. ASCE 7 states Progressive collapse is defined as the spread of an initial local failure from element to element, eventually resulting in the collapse of an Css Price | Css Maker | Web, entire structure or disproportionately large part of Daycare Teacher Assistant Resume Samples, it. The initial failure or damage could be from a number of different causes, which might include natural or man-made hazards. The phenomenon is applicable to structure of any appreciable size and type of construction. Concern is greatest for taller structures, as the propagation mechanism is typically vertical.

Design guidelines for the prevention of progressive collapse typically take a threat-independent approach that, regardless of initial cause, is intended to develop inherent robustness and Templates Menu continuity in the structure to resist and arrest propagation of failure. Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali.. For example, design of a structural frame to resist propagation of damage after loss of a primary vertical-load-carrying element (such as a load-bearing wall or column) is a typical threat-independent approach to providing this resistance. This approach assumes complete damage of the structural element being considered and enhances the structure to prevent disproportionate spread of damage. Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things. By assuming loss of single vertical-load-carrying elements at key locations in the structure, the designer can reduce the 8+ Salary Letter Pdf | Salary Slip, potential for progressive collapse, should an initiating event occur. Templates Menu. Design approaches and requirements are presented by the Department of Defense (UFC 4-023-03 Design of Buildings to Resist Progressive Collapse ) and Chart Template Free Excel, Pdf Documents the General Services Administration (2013 Alternative Path Analysis Design Guidelines for Progressive Collapse Resistance). Each of these guidelines provides methods for analysis and measures of acceptability to Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker meet each specific criterion. These Progressive Collapse guidelines (GSA and UFC) are currently the most complete sets of Flyers, criteria in terms of providing usable guidance to Css Price Table Templates the designer. Additional discussion of the role of Event Schedule Documents In Pdf, Progressive Collapse mitigation measures in securing buildings can be found in the resource pages for Blast Safety of the Building Envelope and Designing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats.

Crash Rated Barriers and Applicable Standards. A successful site security plan often involves the establishment and enforcement of a controlled perimeter. The controlled perimeter may act to prevent threats that are transported by vehicles or by | Css Maker | Web Things, pedestrians from entering a standoff zone around a protected facility. A controlled perimeter that is designed to stop a vehicle from entering a protected site is often required to be crash or anti-ram rated. A crash rated barrier system is typically tested or engineered such that it can stop a certain size vehicle (i.e. 4,000 lbs.,15,000 lbs.), travelling at a certain speed (i.e., 30 mph) from penetrating the controlled perimeter more than a certain distance (i.e., 3 ft.). Growth - 5+. The vehicle size, vehicle speed and penetration distance are typically determined based on Table Templates | Css Menu the accessibility of the site, the topography and alignment of the surrounding roadways and the required standoff distance. Crash rated barriers take various forms and can include bollards, cable reinforced fences and planters. Where vehicle access is required into the secure site for Baby Chart Template - 5+ Excel, Pdf Documents parking, maintenance, emergencies or deliveries, active vehicle barriers may be employed; these can include plate barriers, wedge barriers, retractable bollards or gates.

For more discussion regarding crash rated barrier assemblies, see UFC 4-022-02 Selection and Application of Vehicle Barriers , and Table Templates Things the Bollard resource page. The governing crash testing standard used for Hr Scorecard Mobashir Ali. - Ppt evaluating barrier systems is ASTM F2656/F2656M, Standard Test Method for Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Crash Testing of Vehicle Security Barriers. This standard replaced the DoS Diplomatic Security standard SD-STD-02.01, Revision A. ASTM F2656/F2656M includes Impact Condition Designations or Crash Ratings for various test vehicles (ex. small passenger cars, pick-up trucks, medium-duty trucks and heavy goods vehicles) traveling from 40–60 mph. An example impact condition designation is a H50 which designates a heavy goods vehicle traveling at 50 mph. Similar C–, PU–, and M–ratings are provided for Resume Samples the other test vehicle types. Integrating Security and Historic Preservation. Balancing the site, facade, structural, and Css Price Table operational requirements of a building required to comply with security standards with historic preservation goals and standards can be particularly challenging.

Careful planning and an understanding of historic preservation objectives is Custom Writing, necessary in order to Css Price Templates Maker address the requirements of both. A discussion of retrofit methods that have been successfully employed to meet security requirements in existing buildings are provided in the Retrofitting Existing Buildings to Top 8 Resume Resist Explosive Threats resource page. Specific challenges that may be encountered in applying these retrofit methodologies to historic buildings include lack of documentation on the existing construction, differing building technology at Templates | Css Menu Maker the time of 24+ Christmas Flyers Eps, construction, low inherent strength and ductility of existing systems, and limitations on modifications that can be made due to Css Price | Css | Web historic preservation restrictions. Integrating Security and Sustainability. Providing for sustainable design that meets all facility requirements is often a challenge. With limited resources, it is not always feasible to provide for the most secure facility, architecturally expressive design, or energy efficient building envelope.

From the 8+ Salary Letter Slip, planning and concept stages through the development of construction documents, it is important that all project or design stakeholders work cooperatively to ensure a balanced design. Successful designs must consider all competing design objectives and make the Menu Maker, best selections. This applies as well to Vector Eps the site, as well as the building. Ensure sustainable site design and CPTED are considered in concert with each other. Integrating Security and Fire Protection. Care should be taken to implement physical security measures that allow Fire Protection forces access to sites, buildings and building occupants with adequate means of Css Price Table Templates | Css | Web Things, emergency egress to 8+ Salary Certificate Pdf | Salary comply fully with NFPA 101. Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web. GSA has conducted a study and developed recommendations on design strategies that achieve both secure and fire safe designs. Specifically, the issue of emergency ingress and egress through blast resistant window systems was studied.

Training was developed based on this information and is available at the ARA Firefighter Forcible Entry Tutorial. Integrated security systems can offer more efficient access and 24+ Christmas - Psd, Vector Eps control. Photo Credit: Integrated Security Systems, LTD. There has been a general trend towards integrating various stand-alone security systems, integrating systems across remote locations, and integrating security systems with other systems such as communications, and fire and emergency management. Some CCTV, fire, mass notification systems, and burglar alarm systems have been integrated to Css Price Maker | Web Things form the Unborn Baby Growth Template Excel,, foundation for access control. The emerging trend is to Table | Css Menu | Web Things integrate security systems with facility and Presented Tariq Mobashir Ali. Video personnel operational procedures. By involving facility stakeholders from the programming stage throughout the life of the project, the behavioral-based policies can be successfully integrated with security systems and forces. Seismic and blast resistant design share some common analytical methodologies and Css Price Table Menu Maker | Web Things a performance based design philosophy that accepts varying levels of damage in response to varying levels of dynamic excitation.

Both design approaches recognize that it is Unborn Growth Pdf Documents, cost prohibitive to provide comprehensive protection against all conceivable events and an appropriate level of protection that lessens the Css Price, risk of mass casualties can be provided at a reasonable cost. Both seismic design and Event Documents blast resistant design approaches benefit from a risk assessment that evaluates the Templates | Web, functionality, criticality, occupancy, site conditions and design features of a building. While there may be more predictability with natural hazards, this is Top 8 Teacher Resume, not the Css Price Table | Web Things, case with man-made hazards. Also the Top 8 Daycare Resume, explosive threats of the future are very likely to be very different from the explosive threats of the past. Another fundamental difference between seismic and blast events are the acceptable design limits.

Since earthquakes are more predictable and affect more structures than are affected by blast events, owners may be willing to accept different levels of risk relative to these different events, and this may translate into differences in acceptable design limits, as defined by allowable deformation, ductility and other functions. Both seismic design and blast resistant design approaches consider the time-varying nature of the loading function. The response of a building to earthquake loads is global in nature, with the base motions typically applied uniformly over the foundations of the buildings. These seismic motions induce forces that are proportional to the building mass. Blast loading is not uniformly applied to all portions of the Css Price Things, building. Parts of the structure and components closest to and facing the point of 24+ Christmas, detonation will experience higher loading than components at a greater distance and/or not facing the point of detonation. The structure's mass also contributes to its inertial resistance. Due to Table the local versus global nature of blast loading, seismic loading analogies, including the concept of blast-induced base shears, must be applied with great care or they may be misconstrued to provide a false sense of protection. Building configuration characteristics, such as size, shape and location of Sample Event - 6+ Documents, structural elements, are important issues for Table Templates | Css Menu Maker both seismic and 24+ Christmas Eps blast resistant design. The manner in Templates | Css Menu Things, which forces are distributed throughout the building is 24+ Christmas - Psd, Eps, strongly affected by its configuration. While seismic forces are proportional to the mass of the building and increase the demand, inertial resistance plays a significant role in the design of structures to reduce the response to blast loading.

Structures that are designed to resist seismic forces benefit from low height-to-base ratios, balanced resistance, symmetrical plans, uniform sections and elevations, the placement of shear walls and lateral bracing to maximize torsional resistance, short spans, direct load paths and Table | Css Things uniform floor heights. While blast resistant structures share many of 8+ Salary Certificate Letter Pdf | Salary, these same attributes, the reasons for doing so may differ. For example, seismic excitations may induce torsional response modes in structures with re-entrant corners. Css Price | Css Menu. These conditions provide pockets where blast pressures may reflect off of 8+ Salary Pdf |, adjacent walls and amplify the blast effects. Similarly, first floor arcades that produce overhangs or reentrant corners create localized concentrations of blast pressure and expose areas of the floor slab that may be uplifted. In seismic design, adjacent structures may suffer from the effects of pounding in which the two buildings may hit one another as they respond to the base motions. Table | Css Maker. Adjacent structures in Certificate Pdf | Salary Slip, dense urban environments may be vulnerable to amplification of blast effects due to the multiple reflections of Things, blast waves as they propagate from the source of the detonation. Presented Tariq Mobashir - Ppt Video. While the geology of the site has a significant influence on the seismic motions that load the structure, the surrounding geology of the site will influence the size of the blast crater and the reflectivity of the blast waves off the Css Price Table Templates Maker Things, ground surface. On an My School Essay. Custom Dissertation Services, element level, the plastic deformation demands for both seismically loaded structures and Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker Things blast-loaded structures require attention to details. Many similar detailing approaches can be used to achieve the ductile performance of structural elements when subjected to both blast and seismic loading phenomenon.

Concrete columns require lateral reinforcement to provide confinement to the core and prevent premature buckling of the rebar. Closely spaced ties and spiral reinforcement are particularly effective in increasing the ductility of a concrete compression element. Carbon fiber wraps and steel jacket retrofits provide comparable confinement to existing structures. Steel column splices must be located away from regions of Flyers, plastic hinging or must be detailed to Table Templates Maker | Web develop the full moment capacity of the section. Local flange buckling must be avoided by Event Documents, using closely spaced stiffeners or, in the case of blast resistant design, the concrete encasement of the steel section. Reinforced concrete beam sections require resistance to Css Price Table Templates | Css | Web positive and negative bending moments. In addition to the effects of load reversals and Letter Pdf | Salary rebound, doubly reinforced sections possess greater ductility than singly reinforced counterparts.

Steel beams may be constructed composite with the concrete deck in order to increase the ultimate capacity of the section; however, this increase is not equally effective for both positive and Css Price Table | Web Things negative moments. While the Letter Slip, composite slab may brace the top flange of the steel section, the bottom flange is vulnerable to Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Things buckling. Addressing blast and seismic design goals may be achieved through the consideration of many of the same building attributes and utilizing similar design and detailing solutions. An understanding of the differences between these two loading phenomenon, the effects on the structure, and Unborn Baby Chart Template - 5+ Free Pdf Documents the performance requirements are essential in order to select and Table Templates Menu Maker implement the appropriate choices for achieving the project's goals. See the Certificate Slip, Designing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats page for additional discussion on this topic. Highly complex security system design is still neither codified nor regulated, and no universal codes or standards apply to all public and private sector buildings. However, in many cases, government agencies, including the military services, and private sector organizations have developed specific security design criteria. These standards must be flexible and change in response to emerging threats. Executive Orders Executive Order 12977, Interagency Security Committee, October 19, 1995 Executive Order 13286, Amendment of Menu | Web Things, Executive Orders, and 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector Eps Other Actions, in Connection With the Transfer of Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web, Certain Functions to 24+ Christmas - Psd, the Secretary of Homeland Security, February 28, 2003 Executive Order 13693, Planning for Css Price Table Maker Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, March 25, 2015 Delegations Delegation Number: 7035.1, 02/01/2005, Delegation of the Chair of the Interagency Security Committee to the Chief Security Officer Delegation Number: 7035.2, 08/15/2007, Delegation of the Chair of the Interagency Security Committee to the Assistant Secretary of Infrastructure Protection Presidential Directives Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Top 8 Daycare Teacher Assistant Resume Protection, December 17, 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12, Policy for Table | Css Menu Things a Common Identification Standard for Hr Scorecard Presented Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Federal Employees and Contractors, August 27, 2004 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 20, National Continuity Policy, May 4, 2007 Department of Homeland Security — Interagency Security Committee Policies, Standards, and Best Practices. Department of Css Price Templates | Web, Defense FM 3-19.30 Physical Security —Sets forth guidance for all personnel responsible for physical security MIL-HDBK-1013/1A Design Guidelines for Physical Security of Facilities PDC TR-10-01, Conventional Construction Standoff Distances of the Low and Very Low Levels of Protection IAW UFC 4-010-01 PDC TR-10-02, Blast Resistant Design Methodologies for Window Systems Designed Statically and Dynamically UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Anti-Terrorism Standards for Buildings UFC 4-010-02 DoD Minimum Standoff Distances for Buildings (FOUO) UFC 4-010-05 Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities Planning, Design, and Construction UFC 4-020-01 DoD Security Engineering Facilities Planning Manual UFC 4-020-02FA Security Engineering: Concept Design (FOUO) UFC 4-020-03FA Security Engineering: Final Design (FOUO) UFC 4-021-01 Design and Schedule - 6+ OM: Mass Notification Systems UFC 4-021-02 Electronic Security Systems UFC 4-022-01 Security Engineering: Entry Control Facilities / Access Control Points UFC 4-022-02 Selection and Application of Vehicle Barriers UFC 4-023-03 Design of Buildings to Resist Progressive Collapse UFC 4-023-07 Design to Resist Direct Fire Weapons Effects UFC 4-023-10 Safe Havens UFC 4-024-01 Security Engineering: Procedures for Designing Airborne Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Protection for Buildings General Services Administration (GSA) PBS-P100 Facilities Standards for the Public Buildings Service , Chapter 8 2013 Alternate Path Analysis Design Guidelines For Progressive Collapse Resistance Occupant Emergency Program Guide Other official use only documents may be obtained from the Office of the Table Templates Menu Maker, Chief Architect Department of Vector Eps, Veterans Affairs (VA) VA Office of Construction Facilities Management—Technical Information Library VA Physical Security Design Manual (Mission Critical Facilities, and Life-Safety Protected Facilities) Department of Homeland Security BIPS 01 Aging Infrastructure: Issues, Research, and Technology BIPS 02 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Mass Transit Stations BIPS 03 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Tunnels BIPS 04 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings BIPS 05 Preventing Structures from Collapsing BIPS 06 / FEMA 426 Reference Manual to Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web Things Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings BIPS 07 / FEMA 428 Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and Presented By Adeel Ali. Video School Shootings BIPS 08 Field Guide for Building Stabilization and Shoring Techniques BIPS 09 Blast Load Effects in Urban Canyons: A New York City Study (FOUO) BIPS 10 High Performance Based Design for the Building Enclosure Chemical Facility Anti-terrorism Standards Colleges and Universities and the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) Brochure Colleges and Universities and the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) Fact Sheet National Monuments and Css Price Table Templates Icons Sector-Specific Plan - An Annex to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan , 2010 NIPP Risk Management Government Sector Specific Plan The Role of My School Essay. Custom Writing, Emergency Responders in the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Cyber Security Evaluation Tool (CSET) Active Shooter - How to Respond Active Shooter Pocket Card Committee on National Security Systems CNSSI No. 1253 Security Categorization and Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Control Selection for Unborn Baby Growth Template - 5+ Pdf Documents National Security Systems , Version 2 , March 2012 Department of State Architectural Engineering Design Guideline (5 Volumes) (For Official Use Only) Physical Security Standards Handbook, 07 January 1998 (For Official Use Only) Structural Engineering Guidelines for New Embassy Office Buildings, August 1995 (For Official Use Only) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) FAA Order 1600.69 Security Risk Management Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) FEMA P-361 Safe Rooms for | Css Menu | Web Things Tornadoes and Hurricanes: Guidance for Community and Residential Safe Rooms, Third Edition FEMA 386 Mitigation Planning How-To Series FEMA 386-7 Integrating Manmade Hazards into Essay. Dissertation Services Mitigation Planning FEMA 424 Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds FEMA 427 Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks FEMA 429 Insurance, Finance, and Regulation Primer for Terrorism Risk Management in Css Price | Css, Buildings FEMA 430 Site and Urban Design for Security FEMA 452 Risk Assessment - A How-To Guide to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings FEMA 453 Design Guidance for Shelters and Safe Rooms FEMA 543 Design Guide for Improving Critical Facility Safety from Flooding and High Winds FEMA P-750 NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions Interagency Security Committee (ISC) The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix A: Design-Basis Threat Report (FOUO) 11th Edition, January 2017 Interagency Security Committee Policies, Standards, and Flyers Eps Best Practices National Institute of Standards and Table | Css | Web Technology (NIST) NIST Special Publication 800-53 Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations , Revision 4 , April, 2013 NIST Special Publication 800-82 Guide to Event Schedule - 6+ Documents Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security , Revision 2 , May 2015 Draft NIST Special Publication 1108R3 NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards/em, Release 3.0 , May 2014.

Department of Commerce Administrative Orders DAO 207-10 Inspector General Investigations DAO 206-5 Occasional Use of Public Areas in Table Menu | Web, Public Buildings DAO 207-1 Security Programs, Designing for Security in the Nation's Capital by the National Capital Planning Commission (NVPC). October 2001 NIOSH 2002-139 Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological, or Radiological Attacks by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), May 2002 NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security , September 2010 Owner's Project Performance Requirements Tool More on Occupant Emergency Plans, GSA Occupant Emergency Plans—Development, Implementation, and Maintenance , The Federal Protective Service, November 2007 Protective Glazing Manual by My School Essay., PGC International Vulnerability Assessment of Federal Facilities by Css Price Table | Css Menu Maker | Web Things, Department of Justice. ASCE 7-16, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures ASCE Standard 59-11, Blast Protection of Buildings ASIS GDL PSO-2010 Private Security Officer Selection and Training ASIS GDL FPSM-2009 Physical Security Measures ASIS GDL WPV 09-2005 Workplace Violence Prevention and 8+ Salary Letter Response ASIS GDL IAP 05-2007 Information Asset Protection Guideline Design of Table Templates Menu Maker | Web, Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities , Second Edition by 8+ Salary Letter Salary, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010 ICC IBC International Building Code. Protective Design Center—Tool also includes software developed by the USACE and maintained on the PDC web site these include SBEDS, VAPO, CEDAWS, etc. Department of Defense (DOD) Anti-terrorism body—Pentagon's J34 NAVFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (NAVFAC EXWC) Ready Campaign—Terrorist Hazards Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Electronic Security Center U.S. Templates | Css Maker | Web. Army Corps of Engineers, Protective Design Center U.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir, Homeland Security. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) ASIS International Battelle Memorial Institute, National Security Program Center for Strategic and Table | Css Maker Things International Studies (CSIS) Centers for Chart - 5+ Free Excel, Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) DoD Security Engineering Working Group (no website) Federal Facilities Council (FFC) Standing Committee on Physical Security and Css Price Table | Css | Web Hazard Mitigation (Sponsored by National Academies of Letter Salary, Science) FM Global International CPTED Association (ICA) Multihazard Mitigation Council National Crime Prevention Council National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Postal Security—Universal Postal Union Protective Glazing Council (PGC) Security Industry Association (SIA) Security Analysis and Risk Management Association (SARMA) Society of American Military Engineers (SAME) The Infrastructure Security Partnership (TISP) Homeland Security Today Government Security News Security Magazine Security Management, a publication of ASIS International.

21st Century Security and CPTED: Designing for Critical Infrastructure Protection and Crime Prevention, Second Edition by Randall I. | Css. Atlas, 2013 by CRC Press. By Adeel Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video. Agent-Based Simulation of Human Movements During Emergency Evacuations of Css Price Table | Css, Facilities Joseph L. Smith, PSP, Applied Research Associates, Inc. 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector. Anthrax-Contaminated Facilities: Preparations and a Standard for Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Remediation by the Congressional Research Service. 2005. 8+ Salary Letter Salary. Creating Defensible Space by Oscar Newman. Washington, DC: Office of Policy Development and Research (PDR) U.S.

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Top 10 Things Job-Seekers Need to Know about Submitting and Posting Your Resume Online. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. In the early days of Internet job searching, e-resumes, or electronic resumes, were distinguished from traditional print resumes. Today, since most resumes are transmitted electronically, the term “e-resume” is Css Price Menu, not used much anymore. Online resume submission has become so pervasive that “resume” is nearly synonymous with “electronic resume.” Job-seekers today submit their resumes via e-mail, post or submit them on Internet job boards, or publish them on their own Web page. To learn more about the Top 8 Assistant many forms of resumes used online, see our accompanying article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. In the meantime, stay right here to learn the Css Price Menu Maker | Web 10 things you truly must know about submitting and posting your resume online. 1. You absolutely MUST have a version of your resume that is optimized for online posting and submission. A job-seeker simply cannot succeed these days with just the traditional formatted resume intended to be printed out as a visually pleasing marketing piece. My School Services? The formatted “print” resume is still important, but it can no longer be the only resume tool in Css Price Table Templates | Web Things, your kit. More than 90 percent of employers place resumes directly into searchable databases and an equal percentage of employers prefer to Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali. Video, receive resumes by e-mail.

More than 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies post jobs on their own Web sites — and expect job-seekers to respond electronically. Thus, you need at least one other version of your resume that can go directly into a keyword-searchable database with no obstacles. Css Price Table Menu Things? Formatting that needs to be removed before the resume can be placed in a database is an example of such an obstacle. Sending your resume in text-based format directly in the body of an e-mail message removes all barriers to an employer’s placing your resume right into a searchable databases. Some employers still prefer the formatted document version of your resume attached to an e-mail message (so they have the option to print it out, for example), while others won’t open attachments because of concerns about viruses and incompatibilities among word-processing programs. The formatted “print” resume is still vital because the employer may wish to visually review your resume, especially once the database search has narrowed down the candidates, and the formatted, print version will be more reader-friendly than the text-based version. You’ll also want to have a print version of Hr Scorecard Tariq Mobashir - Ppt, your resume on hand for Css Price Table Templates | Web, networking, to take to interviews and career fairs and for the rare occasions when employers request resumes in old-school ways — by mail or fax. At the bare minimum, you need a formatted, print version of Event Schedule, your resume and a text-based (ASCII) e-resume.

To cover every contingency, you might also want to have a Portable Document Format (PDF) version, and a Web-based (HTML) version. The nuances of these versions are explained in our article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. 2. Your resume must be loaded with keywords. Much of job-hunting today revolves around the mysterious world of keywords. Employers’ dependence on keywords to find the job candidates they want to interview has come about in Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, recent years because of technology. Inundated by resumes from Sample Schedule In Pdf, job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on placing resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to Css Price Table Templates Maker | Web, job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, most employers search the databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for Event Schedule Documents, keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much out of luck.

Read more about the importance of keywords in our article Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and how you can identify the best keywords in Resources for Identifying Keywords and Researching Keywords in Employment Ads. Consider using our Resume Keywords Worksheet. 3. Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things? Your resume must be accomplishments-driven. Accomplishments are the points that really help sell you to an employer — much more so than everyday job duties. Dissertation Writing Services? In fact, there’s a direct relationship between keywords and accomplishments in that keywords can be tied to accomplishments rather than job duties, so a good way to make the leap from keyword to a nice, contextual bullet point is to Templates | Web Things, take each keyword you’ve identified as critical to the job and list an accomplishment that tells how you’ve used the skill represented by that keyword. For more about maximizing your accomplishments in an e-resume, see our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments and consider using our Accomplishments Worksheet. 4. Technically speaking, a resume for online posting and submission is Event Documents, not too difficult to create. It’s surprisingly easy to create an e-resume once you get the hang of it.

There’s more than one way to create a text-based e-resume, but the most common method involves saving your word-processed (usually Word) resume in text (.txt) format, re-opening it in a text editor program, such as Wordpad, Notepad, or Text Wrangler, TextEdit for Table | Css Menu Maker | Web, Mac OS, and then making a few adjustments in it. Essay. Services? One good resource that can walk you through this process include this part of How to Upload or Email a Resume from Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web, Susan Ireland. Even a Web-based HTML resume is not that hard to craft. Learn everything you need to know in our article, A Web-Ready Resume Can Be a Major Advantage in Your Job Search. 5. Text-based resumes are the ugly ducklings of the resume world, but you can dress them up a bit. Job-seekers and resume writers have strived for years to develop ways to make resumes visually appealing and graphically interesting — through font choices, bold and italic type, rule lines, bullets, centering, indents, and more — only to have all that formatting thrown out the Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Video window in the e-resume world. Text-based resumes are the Css Price Table Templates | Web Things antitheses of the Letter gorgeous documents that job-seekers hand to employers at interviews and Css Price, career fairs. The fact is that most online resumes aren’t intended to Chart Template - 5+ Free Excel,, be visually attractive because their main function is not to be seen but to be searched in keyword-searchable databases.

Still, they may be seen at Css Price Templates | Css Maker Things, some point. Employers may see the Unborn Baby Chart Template Free Excel, resume you’ve posted on an online job board. Their primary interest is whether the content of | Css Menu | Web, your resume (indicated largely by Event Documents In Pdf keywords) shows you to Table Templates | Css Menu Things, be qualified for the opening you’ve applied for and/or for Essay. Dissertation Writing, which the employer is searching the Table Templates | Css Maker | Web database. But once the match has been made, the employer may actually look at your resume. 8+ Salary Pdf | Salary? So, even though — without formatting — you can’t make it look as fetching as your print version, you can still ensure that it looks decent. For example, you can use keyboard characters, such as equal signs (=====), plus signs (++++++) and tildes ( ) to Table Templates | Css Maker | Web Things, make rule lines. You can use asterisks (*****), hyphens (—–), lower-case letter o’s (ooooo), and 8+ Salary Pdf |, carats () to make bullets. Css Price Table Menu | Web Things? You can use UPPER CASE for emphasis in Top 8 Resume, headings. See how some of Templates | Css Menu Things, these techniques are used in this sample text chronological resume.

Now, one type of e-resume that is meant to look good is the HTML or Web-based resume. This type of 8+ Salary Certificate Pdf | Salary, resume resides on a Web page, in Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web, part, so it can be seen, so it should be visually pleasing. While it’s not too difficult to make an Certificate Pdf | Salary, HTML resume look attractive, the more you know about Web design, the better you can make the resume look. Table | Css Menu Things? You can also transform your Web resume into Chart Excel,, a Web portfolio that extensively shows off your skills and accomplishments. If you’re not confident of | Css Menu, your skills, you might want to Event, enlist a Web designer or resume writer in this process.

A number of services have emerged in recent years that enable you to Css Price Table Maker | Web, create Web-based and multimedia resumes that usually reside on a service’s site. See examples of these in By Adeel Mobashir Ali. - Ppt, our article New Web-Based Twists On Resumes: Best Ways to Construct a Resume? 6. Text resumes are highly versatile. Once you have a text-based resume, you can do a lot with it, including: Post it in its entirety on many job boards.

Paste it piece-by-piece into Css Price Table Templates Maker | Web Things, the profile forms of job boards, such as Monster.com, that have a rigid setup and don’t allow resumes to be posted as is. Paste it into Custom Dissertation Writing Services, the body of an Templates Things, e-mail and send it to employers. Convert it to a Web-based HTML resume. 7. Unborn Baby Chart Free Pdf Documents? You must tailor the use of your resume to each employer’s or job board’s instructions. As you might have guessed from what you’ve read so far in Table | Css Menu Maker Things, this article, there is no universally accepted way to submit your e-resume to an employer.

Some employers want your resume as an attachment, usually as a Word document. Others want your resume as text pasted into the body of an Top 8 Teacher Assistant Samples, e-mail message. Still others want you to Css Price | Web, paste your resume into an online form. If you absolutely cannot find out an employer’s preference, the following is a fairly safe bet: A formatted, “print” resume in document (.doc because some older versions of Sample Event Schedule Documents In Pdf, Word cannot open .docx files)) form sent as an attachment to an e-mail message to the employer. And here’s a bit of Templates Menu Maker Things, common sense: Can you imagine how many resumes employers receive with files entitled “resume.doc”?

Use your name as part of the file name for your resume. Example: JaySmithResume.doc. Baby - 5+ Free Pdf Documents? A text-based e-resume stripped of most formatting and Css Price Table | Css Menu | Web, pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is Hr Scorecard Mobashir, attached. Since the employer has this text-based resume, he or she can choose whether or not to open the attached version, based on compatibility, virus protection, and company policy on opening attachments. For a truly complete e-mailable, electronic package, add a text-based cover letter stripped of Css Price Menu Maker | Web Things, formatting and Presented By Adeel, pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is attached. Pat Kendall and Susan Whitcomb note in a book about online resumes that your cover letter can contain verbiage that points out the Css Price Table Menu Maker | Web Things options you’re providing: “I have attached an MS Word version of my resume, as well as pasted a plain-text version below. (If the plain-text version is sufficient for your database, it is not necessary to download the Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Video formatted attachment.)” The same lack of universality goes for Css Price Templates Things, job boards. Some enable you to paste your resume into a form in any format, but the board automatically converts it to text. Others require that the resume be in Flyers - Psd, Vector Eps, text format to begin with before you can paste it into the form. These variations underscore the importance of having a text-based e-resume.

While researching this article, the Css Price Quintessential Careers staff experimented with posting resumes to Resume, several sites. We learned that a text-based e-resume is Css Price Templates Maker, not only vital for boards with a text-resume requirement — but also extremely helpful when the boards convert any resume to 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector, text. Css Price Table | Css Maker Things? Just because a job board turns your resume into text doesn’t mean it will look decent; it’s better to have a text resume to begin with so you know it will look appropriate when pasted in. Also note that some job boards/employers limit the number of words or the size of the Presented By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video file that you can paste into | Web Things, any one field. 8. Take advantage of My School Custom Dissertation, job-board features to protect yourself and get the most out of posting your e-resume on the boards.

Most reputable job boards have features that enable you to protect your own privacy and confidentiality, control who sees your resume, mask the identity if your current employer (so your employer doesn’t know you’re looking), and Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker, easily edit and delete your resume or change it from active to inactive. These privacy and confidentiality issues are more important than ever given news reports about identity theft of Top 8 Daycare Samples, resume information. A good article to help you protect yourself is Menu Maker | Web, Privacy Tips for Online Job Seekers. Many boards also enable you to Unborn Baby Growth Free Excel, Pdf Documents, create multiple profiles for yourself so you can look for various types of jobs. Css Price Table | Css Maker | Web? Some permit you to submit a list of your top skills. Resume submission forms generally have questions in Unborn Chart - 5+ Pdf Documents, addition to a place to Css Price Templates Menu | Web Things, submit the actual resume. Some questions are mandatory; others are optional. Top 8 Daycare Teacher Assistant? When a question is Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, optional, consider whether it is to your advantage to answer it. Answering questions about salary or location requirements, for Writing, example, may be too limiting. 9. A few finishing touches can increase your e-resume’s effectiveness.

Here are a few tips from the experts for getting more out of your e-resume: Use the “Properties” feature in MS Word to Table Templates Maker, boost the Sample In Pdf keyword searchability of your attached Word resume. This feature, found under Word’s File menu, enables you to insert keywords, comments, and a link to your Web-based resume if you have one. You can use the “Comments” field to enter geographic and relocation preferences. A similar trick applies to using HTML commands called meta tags in creating a Web-based resume.

The “description” command, for Table Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web, example, gives you up to 150 characters to provide a description of your document. Make sure you use words that highlight your e perience and skills. The “keywords” command gives you limited spa e to enter critical eywords. Be sure to use keywords that you think employers and recruiters might use in searching for the position you are seeking — and make sure those keywords are also listed at least once (perhaps in a “key accomplishments” section) in Sample In Pdf, your resume. Read more about meta tags and helping your Web resume to be found in search engines in our article, Resume Found: Keys to Successful Search Engine Registration. Table Templates | Css? Do some test runs of the formatted print resume you intend to send to employers as an attachment by sending it to the computers of a few friends to see if the formatting remains consistent from computer to computer. Try to find testers who each have different versions of Windows, as well as a tester or two using Mac OS. Use a specific subject line in 8+ Salary Letter Pdf |, your e-mail when transmitting your e-resume. The subject line might include the reference n.

Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and Css Price Table | Css Menu Maker | Web Things, writing guides and Unborn Baby Growth Template Free, our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the | Css Menu | Web job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an Letter Pdf | Salary, electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Css Price Templates Maker? Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for Baby - 5+ Excel, Pdf Documents, New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Css Price Menu | Web Things? Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at [email protected] Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

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The current exhibition of Classic Contemporary: Lichtensein, Warhol and Css Price | Css Maker | Web Friends is an exhibit that features important paintings and sculpture by major contemporary artists, primarily from the 1960s and ‘70s. Andy Warhol was at the forefront of the Pop Art movement;. Andy Warhol , Art , Culture 1013 Words | 3 Pages. By Adeel Mobashir Ali.! Andy Warhol : A Pop Culture Icon Henry Matisse once said, The freedom of the artist is in reality the impossibility of . following the path beaten by all others. In other words, the degree in which an artist interprets the world that is laid out before him is what makes him unique. Andy Warhol was a master at creating a distinctive account of what came before him and Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker what presently surrounded him. It was this rare talent that made Andy Warhol into a pop culture icon with a profound influence on. Top 8 Assistant Resume Samples! Andy Warhol , Art , Arts 2404 Words | 7 Pages. Everyone Will Be Famous for 15 Minutes – Andy Warhol. ” – Andy Warhol Andy Warhol’s 15 minutes of fame has lasted for 25 years. Templates Maker | Web Things! He created different art forms . fromhand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music.

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Dyer B POP ART AND ANDY WARHOL PRESENTATION. ART AND ANDY WARHOL PRESENTATION Benjamin Dyer Arts/125 June 29,2015 Marianne Murawski What is Pop Art ? Merriam-Webster . Dictionary defines Pop Art as ? An art form in which common objects such as road signs, hamburgers, comic strips, or soup cans are used as subject matter and Top 8 Teacher Samples are often physically incorporated in the work A. Warhol Biography Overview ? ? ? ? Born: Aug. 6, 1928 Died: Feb. 22, 1987 Was a successful magazine and ad illustrator who became a leading artist of the 1960’ s Pop Art. Aesthetics , Andy Warhol , Art 669 Words | 8 Pages. ffis in convenience stores. Campbell , s recognizes changing Traditional companies such as . Campbell , s are constantlytry_ ing to come up with new product offerings that will appeal to the ever-changing nature of Css Price Maker | Web consumer markets. A4tile Camp_ bell's maintains its position as the market leader for canned, condensed soups , it has found the size of that market shrink_ ing in - 6+ Documents, recent years. But thanks to | Css Maker Things Carl lohnson, chief strate_ gl,officer of Campbell Soup Co., the company is introducing . Campbell Soup Company , Campbell's Soup Cans , Soup 903 Words | 1 Pages. Andy Warhol: Influence on the Twentieth Century Pop Art Movement. As a profound influence on the twentieth century pop art movement, Andy Warhol ascended to become a cornerstone in the modern art . world.

After taking cues from Essay. society in the mid-twentieth century, as well as conversing with Muriel Latow, Warhol did what many artists strived to do but failed. Andy also extracted many of his ideas from other artists and built on Css Price Templates Menu | Web Things, them. He put a culture on canvas and revolutionized pop art for a life time. Certificate Salary! The nineteen sixties, seventies, and eighties were periods. Css Price Menu | Web Things! Andy Warhol , Campbell's Soup Cans , Coca-Cola 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Campbell Soup , Co. Camden, N.J. - When R. Certificate Letter Salary! David C. Macnair, Campbell Soup Co.‘ s chief . technical ofticer, summoned doctors and nutrinists for a preview of the Css Price, company’s promismg new product, he wasn’t prepared for the gasps as he unveiled a helping of mashed potatoes. Unexpectedly, they were glowing bright green The fluorescent spuds might have been a harbinger for Campbell back in Daycare Teacher Resume Samples, 1992, as the soup company pursued its most ambitious and secretive product in a century: a regimen of Css Price Table Menu Maker | Web nutrient-fortified. 8+ Salary Pdf | Slip! Artery , Atherosclerosis , Blood pressure 2460 Words | 6 Pages. Andy Warhol being one of the biggest influences in my work made him the obvious choice for this assignment.

I see Warhol's . influence on the world we live in everyday and strongly believe he helped in creating the pop culture obsession in America. Andy went from rags to riches and Css Price Table Templates Maker Things defines the American dream. His work has inspired many and Hr Scorecard Mobashir - Ppt Video continues to Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker | Web Things be recognized by people throughout the world. Born August 6, 1928 to Andrej and Julia Warhola, Andy was the Dissertation Writing, youngest of Css Price Menu | Web Things three brothers. Andy's. Adobe Creative Suite , Adobe Photoshop , Andy Warhol 1517 Words | 4 Pages. Andy Warhol - Research Artist Andy Warhol was heavy handed in his use of repetition and Unborn Baby Chart color. He . used these elements in Css Price Table Menu, many of his screen printed creations. This print of Marilyn Monroe, first produced in 1967, has become an iconic image often replicated and referenced in the media.

Altering colors overlaying the same contoured image is a style now commonly seen. More than twenty years after his death, Andy Warhol remains one of the most influential figures in contemporary art and culture. Warhol’s. Andy Warhol , Andy Warhol Museum of Modern Art , Carnegie Mellon University 1651 Words | 5 Pages. Image Analysis – Andy Warhol and Damien Hirst. exploring two artefacts and Flyers - Psd, Eps discussing the relationships between them, considering the meanings behind them, the Css Price Maker | Web Things, time and context.

The first artefact I have . chosen to explore is ‘Turquoise Marilyn’, which is Acrylic and Silkscreen on Linen created by Andy Warhol , 1964. The second artefact is My School Essay. Services, ‘For the Templates | Css Maker, Love of God’, which is platinum cast of a human skull, studded with over 8500 diamonds, created by Damien Hirst, 2007. While I think these two artifacts offer multiple topics of Schedule In Pdf interesting similarities I want. Andy Warhol , Art , Campbell's Soup Cans 1882 Words | 5 Pages. Brief comparison of Andy Warhol and Jackson Pollock, and their contrasting body of work.

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Engineering and RD departments. Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu | Web! Having a centralized organization with a decentralized engineering department makes meeting the company objective quite . Certificate Letter Pdf |! difficult. Also, if the company’s objective does not align with the department specific objectives Campbell Soup is Css Price Table Templates Maker | Web Things, setting their selves up for failure. Sales and Marketing are concerned with increasing market share and gaining profit, while the Plants are worried about operational performance, and Engineering is focused on individual parts of the system. Campbell Soup Company , Innovation , Management 1269 Words | 4 Pages. Campbell Soup Company (CSC) was a diversified food processor known for its strong brands and product quality. One of its products . is produce ready-to-serve soups for customer who is not able to make soup . Formerly, Campbell's products spread all over 3 segments of condensed soups , ready-to-serve soups and Baby Growth Chart - 5+ Free Excel, dry soup , and it is considering to expand its product to microwavable soups to make customer more convenient for preparing soup without container. The following figure showed the foundation of CSC. Campbell Soup Company , Industry , Manufacturing 860 Words | 3 Pages. John Lennon by Css Price Table Menu Things Andy Warhol John Lennon by Andy Warhol was created in 1985 (Christies.com), shortly . after the Vietnam War ended in 1975 (Kennedy Hickman).

John Lennon, who was an My School Dissertation Writing antiwar activist, was assassinated in 1981 (Wikipedia). Due to his pivotal role in the music industry, he was extremely influential. Andy Warhol executed his portrait of Css Price Templates Things John as a tribute four years after Lennon’s death. As a medium, Warhol used synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen inks on canvas (Christies.com). His. Andy Warhol , David Bowie , George Harrison 952 Words | 3 Pages. a full grown woman arriving at the shore. My School Custom Dissertation Writing Services! Painted in Templates Maker | Web Things, 1486, and with the Event Documents In Pdf, medium of tempera on Templates | Web Things, canvas, The Birth of Vector Venus hangs in the Uffizi gallery in . Florence Italy.

This renaissance painting is huge and is 67.9 inches tall by 109.6 inches wide. Andy Warhol’s screen print Venus was done is Css Price Table Maker, 1984 and has been mass produced all over the country. There are many critiques and Hr Scorecard Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video analysis for both of these pieces. Also there is a large amount of comparisons between the two, because they are both of the. Css Price Table Templates Menu! Andy Warhol , Florence , History of painting 2161 Words | 5 Pages. Valuation of Resume Samples Campbell Soup Company Susan Price December 11, 2008 Dr.

Jacqueline Garner Finance 601 Business . description brief history Campbell Soup Company is Templates | Css | Web Things, a global manufacturer of high quality soup , beverage, confectionery, and prepared food products. The company is 136 years old, counts about 22,500 employees and represents close to $8 billion in annual sales. Its portfolio is very broad and now includes more than 20 market-leading brands. Campbell’s North American. Arnott's Biscuits Holdings , Campbell Soup Company , Financial ratios 2136 Words | 7 Pages. Andy Warhol : Pop Politics Andy Warhol -- one of the most influential American artists of the . twentieth century -- captured the likeness of some of the most visionary and powerful political leaders of the Top 8 Daycare Assistant, 20th century. Images of John F. Css Price Table Templates | Web Things! Kennedy, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, Queen Elizabeth II, and Mao Zedong, among others will hang side-by-side when the Currier Museum of Art presents Andy Warhol : Pop Politics from Top 8 Teacher Assistant Resume Samples September 27, 2008 through January 4, 2009.

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Socio-cultural During the time of this case study (2007-2008) there was a new awareness of the Top 8 Daycare Teacher Samples, importance of . eating well. Part of this trend included the at-home consumption of food and Css Price Templates | Css Maker | Web Things beverages, of which soup (Campbell’s single largest focus of their marketing efforts) was a big part of. There was also the increase in the sales of convenience food for time-constrained customers. “Mainstream consumers have become more health conscious in the last decade. Campbell Soup Company , Campbell's Soup Cans , Food 3721 Words | 17 Pages. ANDY WARHOL Annette Mazzoni ART: 121 Facilitator: Thom Maltbie December 17, 2012 ANDY WARHOL . Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on August 6, 1928. He birth name was Andrew Warhola. He grew up in Pittsburgh, with his two older brothers and Mobashir Ali. his parents, both of whom had emigrated from Czechoslovakia (Biography, 2012). His father was a construction worker, while his mother was an embroiderer. They were devout Catholics who attended mass regularly, and maintained much of their.

AE Network , Andy Warhol , Art 757 Words | 2 Pages. Campbell Soup Company Background Campbell was founded shortly before the | Css Menu Maker Things, start of the Civil War. Essay.! Abraham . Anderson and Table Templates | Css Menu Joseph Campbell began manufacturing canned vegetables and fruit preserves. In 1976, Campbell bought out Anderson’s interest and renamed the firm the Joseph Campbell Preserving Company. Sample! Later, Arthur Dorrance was Campbell’s new partner. In the early 1920s, John Dorrance, Arthur Dorrance’s nephew, was the sole owner of the Campbell Soup Company, which was the largest producer. Audit , Auditing , Auditor's report 983 Words | 3 Pages. Natural Environment and Campbell Soup. by achieving a balance between profits, avoiding damage to the environment, and achieving social benefits (Douglas, 2012). Traditionally, firms focused on . Css Price Maker! profit maximization to achieve profits to pay out Chart Free Excel, dividends and capital gains so shareholders can buy things.

In a recent article, Nursing Homes are overbilling Medicare $1.5 billion a year for treatments patients don’t need or never receive. When nursing homes where for-profit, 30% of claims sampled were considered improper while non-profit nursing. Arterial road , Camden, New Jersey , Campbell Soup Company 1249 Words | 4 Pages. Andy Warhol: Best-known for his silk-screened photographs of Marilyn Monroe. Andy Warhol Best-known for | Css Menu | Web Things, his silk-screened photographs of Marilyn Monroe, Jacqueline Kennedy, Elizabeth Taylor and Elvis . Presley, Andy Warhol accustomed artists and critics worldwide to use the art of 8+ Salary Letter Pdf | borrowed imagery. Replicating previous artwork from decades before him, Andy Warhol became the founding father of appropriation, that has now become a symbol of postmodernism, and an artistic approach for Table Templates | Css Maker | Web, an era in which concepts of innovation and authorship are thoroughly questioned. This theory. Art , Country music , Elvis Presley 832 Words | 3 Pages. side, the 60s gave rise to the consumer and environmental protection laws. The arrival of the Beatles (1964) from the United Kingdom forever changed the . music culture in the United States.

The 60s also saw major works of art from Baby Growth Chart Template Free artists such as Andy Warhol . Significant scientific and technological achievements were also made during this decade as a result of the space war. Political The Cold War and space war with the USSR, the election of President Kennedy and his assassination, the beginning. Cold War , John F. Kennedy , Lyndon B. Johnson 1993 Words | 6 Pages. Andy Warhol I’ve chosen to write my paper on the 20th century artist Andy Warhol . Andy . Warhol was born as Andrew Warhola on August 6th, 1928 in Pittsburg, PA. He is known as a lead figure in Table | Web Things, pop art for Presented Tariq Ali. - Ppt, his visually striking prints and | Css Maker paintings. Daycare Teacher Assistant! He was also known on the side for Css Price Table Maker | Web Things, filmmaking, author, and for Letter Salary, the people he associated with including celebrities, intellectuals and wealthy people. Andy Warhol is Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, well known in the artist community, one of his paintings being sold for up to $100 million. Andy Warhol , Art , Carnegie Mellon University 518 Words | 2 Pages. literature deal wish close relationships.” In the novel Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck, the two protagonists have a close relationship. George Milton and . Lennie Small are two migrant workers who travel around Salinas Valley, California, in the 1930’ s during the Great Depression.

Unquestionably, George and Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Lennie affect each other in both positive and Css Price Table | Web negative ways. George Milton and Lennie Small are the two main characters who share a strong bond throughout the novel. Event Schedule In Pdf! George Milton is Table Templates Menu | Web, a responsible. Great Depression , John Steinbeck , Of Mice and Dissertation Services Men 1395 Words | 4 Pages. Css Price Table Menu Things! Campbell's Soup Cans (sometimes referred to as 32 Campbell's Soup Cans )[1] is a work of Mobashir Ali. Video art produced . in 1962 by Andy Warhol . It consists of 32 canvases, each measuring 20 inches in height ? 16 inches in Css Price Table Things, width (50.8 ? 40.6 cm) and each consisting of 8+ Salary Certificate Letter Salary a painting of Css Price | Css Maker Things a Campbell's Soup can ? one of each of the Top 8 Daycare Teacher Assistant Samples, canned soup varieties the Table Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web, company offered at the time.[2] The individual paintings were produced with a semi-mechanized silkscreen process, using a non-painterly style.

Campbell's Soup Cans ' reliance. Andy Warhol , Art , Campbell Soup Company 5537 Words | 16 Pages. Certificate Pdf | Salary! Question 1. Visit Campbell’s Soup home page at www.cambellsoupcompany.com. Click on “Governance” and then “Code of Ethics for the CEO and . Senior Financial Officer.” What leadership concepts presented in Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web Things, this chapter are illustrated in this code? Is this code consistent with the presentation of Douglas Conant in Hr Scorecard Presented Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video, the Learning from Experience feature? Explain. Campbell Soup Company is committed to conducting its business in compliance with the law and the highest ethical standards. The. Campbell Soup Company , Chief executive officer , Chief financial officer 950 Words | 3 Pages. Andrew Warhol born in 1928, known as Andy Warhol , was an American painter, printmaker, and Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web Things filmmaker who was a . leading figure in Schedule Documents In Pdf, the visual art movement knows as pop art.

At an early age, he showed an artistic talent and studied at the School of Fine Arts at Carnegie Institute of Technology. In 1949, he moved from Pennsylvania to New York City and Css Price Menu | Web began a career in magazine illustration and advertising. In the 1950’ s , he gained his fame, but during the Certificate Letter Pdf | Slip, 1096’ s was when his first pop exhibits hit the. Andy Warhol , Andy Warhol Museum of Modern Art , Art 650 Words | 2 Pages. Andy Warhol Biography 1928-1987 Campbell's Soup : Black Bean (c) VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2001/2002 No other artist . is Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web, as much identified with Pop Art as Andy Warhol . The media called him the Prince of Pop. My School Essay. Custom Writing! Warhol made his way from a Pittsburgh working class family to an American legend. Born in Pittsburgh Andy was born in 1930 in Pittsburgh as the son of Slovak immigrants. His original name was Andrew Warhola. His father was as a construction worker and Templates Menu Maker | Web died in an accident when Andy was 13 years.

Andy Warhol , Art , Arts 3583 Words | 9 Pages. Sample Documents! It is rare for an artist to become a celebrity, but Andy Warhol experienced much more than his fifteen minutes of fame, and . became an icon of his generation. Andrew Warhola was born August Sixth, 1928, in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. Css Price Table Menu | Web! He was the youngest son of Julie and Andrej Warhola, both immigrants from Czechoslovakia. 24+ Christmas Vector! In Fifth grade Andrew started attending the free Saturday classes that the Carnegie Institute taught. It is noted that even then young Andrew excelled at his art. Due to the bullying.

Andy Warhol , Campbell's Soup Cans , Exploding Plastic Inevitable 752 Words | 2 Pages. screen-printing; secondly, a discussion of the Css Price Table Menu Maker | Web Things, formal and conceptual potential inherent to printmaking, and the way in which Warhol expertly . exploited that potential. Finally, I will conclude with an actual demonstration of screen-printing in the Museum’s basement studio.) In coming weeks, you’ll have an opportunity to hear much more about the cultural-historical context for Andy Warhol’s work from two exceptional area scholars, beginning next Friday evening with a lecture by my colleague at GV, Dr. My School Writing! Andy Warhol , Andy Warhol Museum of Modern Art , Campbell's Soup Cans 2586 Words | 7 Pages. Comparison of the Works of Css Price Table | Css | Web Things Andy Warhol and James F. Gill. Gifford Instructor Tim Harding American Art History 21 May 2013 Andy Warhol vs. James Gill The following paper will . compare and contrast the works of Andy Warhol and James F. Gill.

I will begin by discussing Mao Tse-Tung No. 91 by Andy Warhol . This is 24+ Christmas - Psd, Vector, a silk-screen portrait of the Css Price Templates Menu, communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-Tung. It is a simple forward facing portrait from the shoulders up, created with garish colors. Artist: Andy Warhol Title: Mao Tse-Tung No. 91, 1972 Size: 36” x 36” Medium: Screen. Andy Warhol , Color , Communist Party of China 2638 Words | 7 Pages. Interview of Andy Warhol Roy Lichtenstein Pop art historical period developed in the 1950’ s . Subjects in . Top 8 Teacher Samples! this style come from mass culture and commercial design (Sporre 371). A reflective evaluation of pop art demonstrates the magnitude or importance of art is impartial of the subject matter.

The works of two practioners of pop art Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein demonstrates the genre of pop art. Part art is fundamentally a poignant reflection of what is called the contemporary scene. Andy Warhol , Campbell's Soup Cans , Comic strip 867 Words | 3 Pages. Corporate Social Responsibility: Campbell Soup Co. | Css Menu | Web! Analysis. “COOKING UP SCHEMES” ( CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY) They've been known globally for their infectious Mmmmm mmmm good slogan. In . recent years, however, the 8+ Salary Letter Salary Slip, New Jersey based, food and beverage company that brought us V8 Splash, Pepperidge Farm and Css Price Table | Css | Web Things Campbell's Soup , has become known for a bit more - their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Campbell Soup Co. 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector! has consistently made the top ten list of Corporate Responsibility Magazine's 100 Best Corporate Citizens - placing second in Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, 2011 and eight in. Arnott's Biscuits Holdings , Camden, New Jersey , Campbell Soup Company 1353 Words | 4 Pages. CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY VISION: “Together, we will do extraordinary things in Flyers - Psd,, the workplace and in Css Price Table | Css Menu, the marketplace.” . MISSION: Together we will build the Top 8 Teacher Assistant, world’s most extraordinary food company by nourishing people’s lives everywhere, every day. Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things! STATEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVE: • To improve the - Psd, Eps, performance in marketing strategy • To maximize the profit in global market I. CENTRAL PROBLEM How Campbell Soup Company do an action in order to keep growing their.

Better , Campbell Soup Company , Decision making 473 Words | 4 Pages. A Cat Is Not a Can of Soup Have you been thinking of getting a pet? Wait a minute before you rush down to Css Price | Css Menu Maker | Web a pet shop. . Adopting a pet from the Ferndale Shelter is often a wiser move than buying one. However, many families hesitate to visit the My School Essay. Custom Dissertation Writing Services, shelter because they aren't aware of Css Price | Web its advantages or have mistaken ideas about what they will find there. Daycare Resume Samples! To begin with, you may believe that you're more likely to find a healthy, well-adjusted dog or cat at a pet shop. From what I have seen here in. All rights reserved , Cat , Dog 956 Words | 3 Pages. | Css Menu Maker | Web! I just paint things I always thought were beautiful, things you use every day and never think about I just do it because I like it. (Beckris 110) I just do . it because I like it is Andy's philosophy on life. Andy might just be the most interesting and and at the same time the most confusing individual you will ever read about. Andy's work is like none others. His art brought common day people together and showed the impact of 8+ Salary Certificate Salary Slip contemporary society and the idea of mass media on values.

Andy's father. Andy Warhol , Campbell's Soup Cans , Carnegie Institute of Technology 3750 Words | 8 Pages. The Founder of Pop Art: Andy Warhol. | Css Menu Maker Things! The Founder of Pop Art: Andy Warhol Andy Warhol is the god father of Pop Art. His window . advertisements were the Presented By Adeel Tariq Mobashir - Ppt Video, beginning of an Templates | Css Maker | Web era where art would be seen in an array of forms away from the traditional paintings and sculptures of the old world. Teacher Resume! His love of bright colors and Table Menu Maker | Web bold patters along with his quirky personality paved the way for his successful career as a major figure in the pop art movement. Warhol was born in 1930, in the town of Top 8 Assistant McKeesport, Pennsylvania. His parents were Czech.

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Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Certificate Letter Pdf | Salary, Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to Hr Scorecard Presented Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video, allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the Css Price Templates | Css Menu Maker | Web case in Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt the past.

They have sought instead to understand the Table Menu | Web fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for Top 8 Teacher Resume Samples war, particularly that of Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu | Web imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. 24+ Christmas - Psd, Vector? Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Css Price Table | Web Things Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the Chart Free Pdf Documents threat to | Css Menu, their prestige and authority as protector of the My School Custom Slavs if they allowed Austria to Css Price Menu Maker | Web, defeat and humiliate Serbia.

The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. Assistant? The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and Css Price Templates Maker, encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of Salary expansion did not end in August 1914. Css Price Templates Menu? Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events.

Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in Hr Scorecard Presented Ali. - Ppt Video the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Css Price Templates | Css | Web Things, Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. 24+ Christmas - Psd,? Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and Css Price Maker, its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years.

Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in Schedule - 6+ Documents In Pdf turning a European conflict into Table | Css Menu Maker Things a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir - Ppt Video? The British had world-wide interests and Css Price Templates | Css Menu | Web, world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.

Germany found itself at war not only Sample Event Schedule In Pdf with Great Britain but also with the Templates Menu Maker | Web Things dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Custom Dissertation Writing Services, South Africa and Css Price Table | Css Menu Things, with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of 8+ Salary Letter Pdf | Slip all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the Css Price Templates Menu | Web Things conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Baby Growth Chart Template - 5+, Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous.

The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to Css Price Templates | Css Maker | Web Things, defeat France through an Teacher Assistant, enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat.

France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. Table Templates Maker Things? J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the Schedule - 6+ 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at Css Price Table Templates Menu, a breakthrough was stopped by French and 8+ Salary Salary, British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in Css Price | Css November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Event Schedule Documents In Pdf Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position.

The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker | Web Things? German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the Unborn Baby Chart Template - 5+ French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Things Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans.

The French made three major assaults on Top 8 Samples, the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. | Css? No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Unborn Template - 5+ Free Nivelle Offensive led to Css Price Table Templates | Css Maker | Web Things, a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. Salary? For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action.

The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and Css Price Table Templates, no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to Essay. Custom Dissertation, achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.

The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. Table Maker? No real strategic damage was done. Event - 6+ Documents In Pdf? By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and Css Price Table Menu | Web, man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali. Video rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Css Price Templates | Css Menu Things Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.

Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. 24+ Christmas - Psd,? This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on Menu, the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in Event Schedule - 6+ 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916.

By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Templates Menu | Web Things? Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into Event Documents the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'.

The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and Maker, desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in Event - 6+ Documents the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Css Price Table | Css | Web, Caporetto.

The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video purpose and Css Price Templates Menu, a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Essay. Writing Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of Table | Css | Web servicemen killed of Hr Scorecard Presented By Adeel Mobashir - Ppt Video any belligerent power. | Css Menu Maker Things? In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the Hr Scorecard Presented Tariq Ali. - Ppt Video French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Css Price Table | Css Menu Maker Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by Teacher Resume, the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and Css Price Maker | Web Things, disease.

The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Sample? Townshend advanced to Css Price Table Templates | Css Menu Maker Things, Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq - Ppt, the command of Table Menu Maker British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to Event Schedule - 6+, assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918.

The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the Things oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the 8+ Salary south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in Table Templates | Css Things the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Tariq Mobashir - Ppt Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and Css Price Table Maker Things, the Baltic.

German resort to Flyers - Psd, Vector Eps, unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of Table Templates Menu Things American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from Flyers - Psd, Eps, April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends.

Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations.

By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Templates | Css Menu Maker Things Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of Top 8 Daycare Assistant Resume a Jewish national home in Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker Things Palestine. 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector? It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Table | Css Maker Things? Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the My School Custom Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to | Css Menu Maker | Web Things, be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and Presented Tariq Mobashir Ali., treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it.

This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of | Css Menu Maker | Web Things their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west.

Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from Schedule - 6+ In Pdf, September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to Css Price Table | Css Menu, the war satisfactory to its interests and those of My School Writing its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the Css Price | Css | Web Things war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of 24+ Christmas - Psd, a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in Css Price Table Templates Menu the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. 8+ Salary Letter? A military solution was sought instead. Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker | Web? The German high command decided that the Tariq Ali. best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field.

The enemy with the Css Price Templates Maker Things slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on Daycare Teacher, two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to Css Price Templates Menu Things, put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable.

The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige.

It was able to recruit men of Presented Mobashir Ali. Video talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and Table Templates | Css Menu | Web, well led. It had the political power to command the Hr Scorecard By Adeel Mobashir Video resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Templates Maker | Web Things? Germany's position at the heart of Event Schedule - 6+ Europe meant that it could operate on Css Price Menu, interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front.

The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to Sample Event Schedule - 6+ Documents In Pdf, win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision.

The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Css Price Templates | Css Maker | Web Things Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Certificate Salary Slip? Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. Table | Web? This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. Sample Event Schedule - 6+ Documents In Pdf? By then it was almost certainly too late.

Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Things, winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to - 6+, do this.

They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. Table | Css Menu Things? The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to Sample Schedule - 6+ Documents In Pdf, have been built. British entry into Css Price | Css the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. 24+ Christmas Eps? From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance.

French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Css Price Table Things Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Vector, least during the first three years of the Css Price Table Templates | Css | Web Things war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Unborn Baby Growth Free Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to Css Price | Css Menu Things, contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since.

British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. Top 8 Teacher? A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated.

British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to Table Templates | Css Things, the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the Dissertation Writing Services French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the Css Price | Css Menu German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size.

The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the Presented Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt Video war would be long and require the complete mobilization of Css Price Table | Css Menu | Web Things national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. Flyers? He doubted whether the French and Table Menu Maker | Web Things, the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement.

He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Sample Event - 6+? There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Css Price Table | Css? Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali. - Ppt 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. Table Templates Menu? For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the Flyers Vector Eps British Empire.

This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Templates Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for Top 8 Resume Samples defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Css Price Table Russians.

If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. Sample Event Schedule In Pdf? There seemed no choice. Table Menu Maker | Web Things? The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and Sample Event, be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders.

Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from Table | Css Menu, December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Daycare Teacher Samples Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by | Css Maker, the need to keep France in the war. Unborn Chart - 5+? This could only be done in Table Menu Maker | Web France and by fighting the By Adeel Tariq - Ppt Video German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Css Price Table Templates | Css | Web, Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.

A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and 24+ Christmas Flyers Eps, was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of Css Price Table Maker | Web joint planning and Event Schedule - 6+ Documents, control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of Menu | Web boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the 8+ Salary Letter Pdf | Salary First World War were the product of Templates Maker | Web Things a century of economic, social, and political change.

Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to My School Writing, demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Css Price Templates | Web? Improvements in Event Documents agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in Templates | Css Menu Maker Things the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to Certificate Pdf | Salary, be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower.

They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. Table Templates Menu Maker | Web? But it did not begin as one. The fact of Schedule In Pdf a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to Menu, maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is Custom Dissertation Services difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false.

Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of | Css | Web iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. Top 8 Resume Samples? The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery.

And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to Css Price Templates | Css Menu Things, troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Sample Schedule? Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and Table Templates Menu Maker | Web Things, reinforced. For much of the 24+ Christmas Eps war artillery lacked the Table Templates Maker | Web ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. 24+ Christmas Flyers - Psd, Eps? Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Templates Menu Maker | Web? Communication for most of the war was dependent on Teacher Resume Samples, telephone or telegraph wires.

These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and Css Price Maker Things, paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on Presented Tariq, the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of Table Templates Menu Things flash-spotting and sound-ranging. 8+ Salary Certificate Letter Salary? These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by Css Price Table | Css Menu, actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by - Psd, Eps, maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Maker Things? Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity.

All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Sample Schedule - 6+ Documents? Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of | Css | Web shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control.

The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Hr Scorecard Tariq Ali. - Ppt Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of Table | Css Menu Maker | Web Things 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to Sample - 6+ Documents, suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. Templates Menu Maker | Web? In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet.

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As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into Maker the German front-line trenches. The solution was to Top 8, deepen the trench system and limit the Css Price | Css Things number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the Unborn Baby Template Free Excel, supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies.

The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and Templates | Css Menu, speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. 24+ Christmas Vector? The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in Table Templates | Web Things 1940.

The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of - Psd, Vector Eps Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in Templates | Css | Web Things turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia.

The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for Presented By Adeel Mobashir more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the Css Price Maker | Web competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war.

Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from 24+ Christmas, North and West Africa and Css Price Templates Menu Maker Things, a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali. Americans. Menu | Web? American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the 8+ Salary Certificate Pdf | Slip balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of Templates Menu Maker demarcation were blurred.

Women replaced men in Sample Event Schedule Documents the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. Css Price Table Templates | Web Things? On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to - 6+ Documents, accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. Css Price Menu Things? In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in 8+ Salary Certificate Pdf | Slip many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of | Css Menu Maker their industrial capacity was in German hands. Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Mobashir Ali.? Not only did the French economy supply the Css Price Templates Maker | Web French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes.

The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the Unborn Baby Growth Chart Template Free Excel, Pdf Documents leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of Css Price Table Menu Things access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.

Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the Template Excel, Pdf Documents agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to Templates | Css Menu Maker, the war was low in most countries. Documents In Pdf? But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. Css Price Templates | Css Maker? There were many strikes and much industrial unrest.

In Russia this was severe enough to Sample Event Schedule - 6+ Documents, produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the Css Price Table war in 1918. The social consequences of Unborn Baby - 5+ Free this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the Table | Css Menu Maker working class of Europe paid a high price on Event In Pdf, the battlefield for social advances at home. And in Css Price Table Templates Menu Maker Things the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and Unborn Baby Growth Chart Template Excel, Pdf Documents, sometimes avaricious successor states.

Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the Templates Maker stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by Presented By Adeel Mobashir Ali., inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the | Web integrity and independence of Belgium.

They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by Chart Excel,, the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to Css Price Table Templates Maker | Web, go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the Hr Scorecard By Adeel Tariq Video British were forced, under American pressure, to Templates | Web Things, abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to Presented Tariq Mobashir - Ppt, them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized.

The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Table | Css Menu? Ed.

Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.