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myth of unity essay ABSTRACT: Last year, a symposium entitled The Council and the Tomos: 20th Century Landmarks Towards a 21st Century Church , was held at St Vladimir’s Seminary (Crestwood, June 18-20, 2009). One of the speakers, Matthew Namee, presented an Template Design Stock Vector expanded version of a paper he delivered the previous year at the Orthodox Theological Society in America. His paper was titled, “The Myth of Unity and the Origins of Jurisdictional Pluralism in Back, North America.” Namee expanded an earlier thesis to Business Annual Vector argue that the story of the Russian Mission and Download Management Template the implicit unity it fostered in the early years of the Orthodox presence in America was largely mythical. Business Brochure Annual? Rather, the history is one of jurisdictional rivalry and division from 2, which we can draw little or no guidance for Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector our present situation or the Sop Assignment future. Namee implicitly issued a challenge: Which historical narrative that describes the Orthodoxy presence in Brochure Template Flyer Design, America is correct? Is it the Russian Mission narrative which prescribes a Church guided by the Orthodox missionary imperative? Or is Sop Assignment it the narrative of Business Brochure Template Vector ethnic protection that has little interest in engaging American society and Interior Isometric Sketch Line Stock Illustration - Image culture? The resolution of this question will impact the future of Business Flyer Stock Orthodoxy in America.
Will American Orthodoxy become a local church in the canonical tradition of mission-minded Orthodoxy, or will it remain divided by ethnic interests, essentially a Balkanized entity subject to overseas leadership and political interests? What follows is my response. I. Introduction: The “Creation Myth” of American Orthodoxy. Recently, an insightful analysis on the origins of American Orthodoxy was given at St Vladimir’s Seminary in Crestwood, New York. It was presented by a well-respected authority on American Orthodox history, Matthew Namee, a resident scholar at the Society for Orthodox Christian History in America (SOCHA). Namee’s thesis is that there was never a “golden age” of administrative unity and thus the primatial claims of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) which is the Sop Assignment direct descendant of the original Russian missionary diocese are invalid. Business Flyer Design Annual? As such, the various ethnic jurisdictions are themselves under no obligation to submit to the claims of the Orthodox Church in America. Namee’s final conclusion is Sop Assignment that despite the present administrative disunity, we are in fact more united than we have ever been.
To his great credit, Namee declares that despite this newer understanding of Template Annual Stock American Orthodoxy’s origins, he has always been a “passionate supporter” of administrative unity and For Medical Technologist continues to remain so today. Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock? 1. To support this analysis, the importance of the Office Line Stock - Image year 1917 is Brochure Stock Vector minimized. Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format Download? As is well known, this is the Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector date considered by - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format, many to Business Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector be the end of Orthodox unity in America. That year the Bolsheviks succeeded in overthrowing the Romanov dynasty, thereby ending the subsidies of the Disgruntled Strikes Russian Orthodox Church to its diocese in North America. Instead, we are told that the first Greek parishes in the United States were already “independent” and that as far as the Business Brochure Stock other ethnic parishes were concerned, “cracks and fissures” appreared previous to Business | East Side Company the final rupture in Business Template Flyer Design Stock, 1917. Forms Printing Company? As such, 1908 is proffered as a watershed year, since that was when the Ecumenical Patriarchate (under duress from its Ottoman overlords) transferred its parishes in the United States to the Church of Greece thereby ostensibly uniting the Business Stock Vector Greek-Americans into a new, independent ethnic jurisdiction. (As we shall see, this act was resolutely ignored by a significant majority of the Disgruntled Copy Strikes Greek parishes in the United States.) Left unanswered in this newer narrative are several questions.
It is the intention of Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock this essay to ask these questions and 3+ Application | Driver-Resume examine these claims as critically and as impartially as possible. The Primacy of the Business Template Flyer Stock Russian Mission. Namee's research is diligent; the facts as laid out are impressive. Indeed, I used many of these same sources for my own book, The American Orthodox Church: A History of Its Beginnings . 2 It is probable that there is no more knowledgeable historian of Sop Assignment American Orthodox history than Namee (as noted by Fr John Erickson, who introduced him at the conference). Certainly his sources are more voluminous than those which my coauthor and myself had access to. The quarrel therefore is not with the Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock facts, but with the interpretation of these facts. More disturbingly, his analysis evinces a seeming unconcern with the Office Interior Stock Illustration ecclesiological ramifications of the canonical chaos (willful as it often was) for the rival jurisdictions that arose out of them. It is my contention that the original thesis, that is to say, the primacy of the Business Brochure Design Stock Vector Russian Mission and its internal administrative unity still stands.
Furthermore, it was canonical in all its particulars, something that cannot be said of the incipient ethnic jurisdictions. Therefore the question is: Were these ethnic parishes outside the ecclesiastical norms? I will endeavor to Business Side examine only the evidence that Namee provides in order to Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock attempt an answer. At the risk of belaboring the point, we can state categorically that there already was an established local church in North America and that its internal unity and adherence to canonical norms was beyond dispute. It was recognized not only by the established Orthodox patriarchates, but by 2, secular authorities in Template Design Annual Stock Vector, America as well. 2? As shall be demonstrated in this response, the Russian missionary diocese (henceforth called the Russian Mission) functioned as a coherent diocese, one recognized the world over Business Flyer Design Stock Vector as an integral part of the Russian Orthodox Church, whose bishops were fully integrated into the life of that church and who was dependent upon it for material support. Such support included stipends for Office Interior Sketch - Image priests, monies for properties and Template Flyer Design Annual the erection of churches and donations of liturgical items. It should be noted at this point that in 3+ Application For Medical, stark contrast to the Russian Orthodox Church, no other foreign Orthodox patriarchate provided any means of support to their emigres or financially assisted any immigrant priests that came to Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock the New World. Instead, many of these same immigrants received support from the Russian Mission. Russian Church in Sitka, AK - 1895.
The origins of the Russian Orthodox Greek-Catholic Diocese of America, the official name of this diocese, can be traced to 1794, to Sitka, Alaska, when eight Russian monks from Office Line Stock, Valaam monastery established the Brochure Stock Vector original mission. Among these men included future saints such Juvenaly and Herman. Its purpose was to evangelize the natives and not merely to care for the pastoral needs of the Russian colonists. Indeed, at great personal risk to themselves, they often ignored the Business Forms | East Printing Company dictates of the Russian colonial administration and conducted mass baptisms of entire native villages, an act which conferred a degree of Business Brochure Template Design Stock political protection on Back, them, most especially from the depredations of the Brochure Russian colonial government. From the efforts of this this original mission natives, such as Peter the Aleut and Director Resumes Free Jacob Netsvetov arose and have been added to the roster or glorified saints. More to Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector the point, all of Business | East its bishops stand in a direct line of succession from Brochure Flyer, St Innocent (who later became Metropolitan of Moscow). Moreover, its administrative integrity was real and its primacy was recognized by all, including many of the non-Russian ethnic groups who set up their own parishes outside of its purview. Business Forms? It was the local established Church. To be sure, some one hundred years later, immigrants from traditionally Orthodox countries started making their presence known.
Independent noises were certainly being heard at least in certain precincts. Business Design Annual Vector? Even in light of actual independence of some parishes from the Russian missionary diocese, the situation was far from static as some of Director Download these parishes transferred their allegiances to Business Design Annual the Russian Mission at various times and for various reasons. It is noteworthy that not once did a Russian Mission parish transfer its allegiance to any of the newer jurisdictions . As noted, liturgical items were even accepted by some of Of Operations - 8+ Word, Download those parishes that remained independent of the Russian Mission. Be that as it may, the number of Business Vector these independent parishes was small in comparison to the overall size of the Russian missionary diocese. Indeed, by Director Free Word, Pdf Format Download, the time of the creation of the first ethnic exarchates in the 1920s, the Russian missionary diocese contained over three-quarters of all Orthodox parishes in North America. 3 Therefore, I contend that in almost all of particulars, the argument of a normative hyper-independence (for want of a better phrase) from the Russian Mission is debatable. That schism from the Russian Mission erupted at various times is not debatable, neither is the fact that many parishes were set up outside its purview; instead the questions that should be asked are whether such actions were (1) canonical, and (2) if they were widespread. It is this author’s contention that such actions were neither canonical nor in the grand scheme of Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector things, that widespread. Let us therefore begin. First, Namee argues that “Orthodox Christians in America today are largely united.” The key word here is “largely.” Depending on where one lives, one can just as easily state that we are “largely divided.” For example in 2007 the Download Project Management Template Excel GOA Metropolitan of Boston issued a ban on his clergy preventing them from associating and concelebrating with members of the OCA a ban which is still in force.
4 Metropolitan Philip Saliba of the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of America (AOA) jurisdiction for his part has banned his clergy from concelebrating with priests of the Business Brochure Flyer Annual newly created Palestinian “vicariate” of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Download Project Template Excel America (GOA). 5 Recently, the general secretary of the Business Template Design Vector Holy Synod in Resumes - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format Download, Istanbul, gave a scathing speech at Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, in which he castigated two of the primates of Business Side Company other jurisdictions and even slandered the OCA as as “barely canonical.” 6 He then went on Flyer Stock, to lament the state of Orthodoxy in For Medical Technologist, America, parish life in general, and the Athonite monasteries recently implanted here, among other things. His The Secretary's most startling claim however was that the Business Design Vector Ecumenical Patriarchate enjoyed universal jurisdiction and Director Of Operations Free Word, Pdf Format thus, North America should be subjugated to a metropolitan of its choosing. Though his speech was ill received at Holy Cross, the Business Template Flyer faculty of Printing that school recently posted a statement on the prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and Brochure Template Design Annual Vector its claims to extra-territorial domination based on an arguable reading of Canon 28 of Chalcedon. 7 In other words, the faculty essentially agreed with the broad thrust of the original speech albeit in a more restrained and Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back thoughtful manner. Interestingly enough, this statement was unsigned. Other examples of disunity and noxious sentiments abound. In an Business Brochure Flyer Design Stock issue of The Orthodox Observer , Fr Mark Arey stated that the Copy Strikes Back GOA was “the [only] canonical jurisdiction in Business Design Vector, America.” 8 Ironically, Arey is the general secretary of the Forms Standing Council of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in America (SCOBA). Chicanery is also not beyond the pale: In order to increase the number of Constantinopolitan eparchies in Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, North America, a special Albanian exarchate was created, consisting of two parishes. (The Albanian diocese of the OCA by contrast has 14 parishes.) For good measure, the Georgian Orthodox Church recently announced the creation of Copy Editor Back a metropolitan for its one, lone parish in Brooklyn. Recently, during an Brochure Design Stock Vector official visit in the United States, the Ecumenical Patriarch distorted the origins of | East Orthodoxy’s beginnings in North America when he completely ignored the entire Russian missionary experience. 9 Rather, he lauded the New Smyrna plantation as the fons et origo of Stock Orthodoxy in North America, even though the vast majority of its population was not Orthodox Christian, its only Forms Side, priest was Roman Catholic, and no Orthodox mission resulted.
In any event the Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock plantation withered away and its denizens merged into the majority population, leaving no traces of Hellenism behind. All of the incidents of Copy intra-Orthodox rivalry described above took place within the past few years. None of this would strike the casual observer that the Orthodox Church in America is “largely united.” Indeed, estrangement would be not too strong a word. As examples of inter-Orthodox cooperation, we are told by Namee “#133;that various Orthodox churches have banded together to form elementary schools, nursing homes, and soup kitchens.” A Google search for examples of such endeavors at Template Vector present has not yielded any results as of yet. Although to Project Management Checklist Excel Excel my mind they would be welcome, the Business Stock fact of their apparent scarcity should lead one to adopt a more humble attitude regarding local pan-Orthodox cooperation especially in the philanthropic field. To be sure, the IOCC and the OCMC do admirable and Business Side much-lauded work, principally in the international arena. However, these are examples of national ministries sponsored by SCOBA, not individual parishes located in Flyer Annual, the same city, working in cooperation with each other and pooling their parochial resources. As for domestic charitable work, the recently created Fellowship of Project Management Excel Orthodox Christians United to Serve (FOCUS) is receiving less than full support from SCOBA, most probably due to Business Template Flyer Design intra-jurisdictional rivalry. 10. Namee does not shy from taking high-ranking members of his own (Antiochian) jurisdiction to task for propagating this supposed myth of unity. 11 That being said, the very hinge of this argument falls apart when he states, “#133;that from its earliest days in America, Orthodoxy was characterized by ethnic separation.” Let us ignore briefly whether this is desirable or even canonical.
This argument in toto rests on Free, this one phrase: “from its earliest days.” But what is meant by “earliest days”? Any objective assessment of the North American church would have to Business Template Design Annual Vector begin from the Copy Strikes actual inception of Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector Orthodoxy in North America, that is from 1794. Unfortunately the first century of American Orthodoxy is elided over almost completely without comment. The Alaskan experience is resolutely ignored and/or marginalized. The martyrdom of the first native American martyr (Peter the Aleut) in California no less(!) is not mentioned at all. The historic and massive outreach to the Carpatho-Russians, Galicians, and Ukrainians (the “Uniates”) is given remarkably short shrift. Nor are the non-Russian immigrant parishes of various ethnicities that were founded or supported by the Russian Mission given much consideration. Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes? The founding of Russian immigrant parishes and diocesan institutions likewise passes with only minimal comment. In reading this author’s paper, one gets the decided impression that only independent Greek parishes were being founded in the United States. Unfortunately we are not told that the majority of these independent parishes were originally founded as ethnic social clubs, as stated by no less an Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector authority than Metropolitan Isaiah Chronopoulos of Denver, 12 a bishop of the | East Greek Orthodox Archdiocese.
Others such as the Greek community of Galveston, Texas were founded in schism from already established Russian Mission parishes (in this case, a Serbian parish). That most of the Greek parishes were formed due to brazen acts of schism and other canonical irregularities largely passes without comment. One could be forgiven for getting the impression that such unfortunate acts are canonically inconsequential. Instead, we are comforted by the fact that Holy Chrism was being received from both the Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector Church of 2 Greece and the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Left unsaid is whether such nonchalance oversights are is ecclesiologically normal or even if it is canonically valid. Unfortunately, Namee contradicts himself and equivocates on some important points. The author writes that “#133;unity can have a variety of meanings.” How to square his statement that “all Orthodox churches are united on doctrine and sacraments,” in light of another of his observations wherein we are told that “#133;discipline with regard to marriage, ordination, and the reception of converts can and often does differ”? Moreover, it is a stretch to say that all jurisdictions hold to the same “moral teachings.” The GOA for example lauded two Orthodox Senators of Greek extraction who upheld President Clinton’s veto of the Business Brochure Flyer Design partial birth abortion ban passed by Congress a practice that is so ghastly that presently only two doctors in America perform it. Indeed, the silence from many jurisdictions in this matter is nothing less than scandalous.
Likewise, the 2 question of Design Stock Vector membership in Freemasonry for Orthodox Christians is far from settled across the Strikes spectrum of American Orthodoxy. In certain Antiochian parishes in the Upper Midwest, it was reliably reported that Muslim relatives of Orthodox Christians have regularly communed and Template Flyer Design Annual Stock have even served on parish councils. 13 No doubt there are other examples of Business Side Printing variances in Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, moral standards, all of which calls into question the contention that “all jurisdictions” share the same “moral teachings.” As to English being the “lingua franca” of Orthodox liturgies, a careful examination would indicate that such a statement is not necessarily borne out by the facts as presented. The study cited indicates that out of over 2,100 parishes in the United States, only 345 were sampled and 2 of these, 74 percent stated that English was their “primary liturgical language.” From personal experience, I can safely state that regarding this issue alone, the range of responses within a single parish can vary dramatically. The reason is because for many it is a volatile issue, one having to do with an individual parishioner’s self-identity as a member of an ethnic group which for many is the sine qua non of Orthodox identity. Therefore, even if the universe of responses were more in line with the actual number of churches, I would still be reticent about Brochure Flyer Design Stock Vector making categorical statements regarding which is the “primary” language that is in fact being used in most American Orthodox churches. III. The Creation Myth” Its Origins and the Facts. Where then did the 2 “creation myth” come from?
The author cites The Orthodox Church by Timothy Ware and Orthodox America, 1794-1976: Development of the Orthodox Church in America by Business Template Annual Stock Vector, Alexander Schmemann. As for the culprits who ruptured this unity (according to Sop Assignment 2 this narrative), he identifies the usual suspects, the Bolsheviks and Archbishop Meletius Metaxakis (later to be Patriarch Meletius IV of Business Flyer Annual Stock Vector Constantinople). The question unanswered is where did Ware and Schmemann acquire this narrative; one which can best be described as unity followed by rupture? After all, neither Ware nor Schmemann made it up out of whole cloth. A partial answer can be found in Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Word,, the author’s own biography, wherein he writes that he “grew up believing what [he now terms] the ‘myth of unity.’” In other words, it was a belief that was au courant in Orthodox circles throughout North America. (I can attest to this fact based on Template Flyer Design Vector, my own personal experience. 14 ) It was only by his own research that he came to the conclusion that this was never the case, a “fact” which caused him “no small measure of disappointment.” How then did we arrive at this point, to Sop Assignment 2 believe in two diametrically opposed narratives? It is my contention that despite the best of scholarly intentions, what is being proposed here is a counter-myth, perhaps unwittingly; but nonetheless one which has dire implications for the future of Orthodoxy in America. As noted, this newer narrative is based on a different interpretation of the same facts and a regrettable ignorance of others. One of the elements of this counter-myth is the present Constantinopolitan claims of Design proteia or primacy which by rights supposedly belong to the GOA alone, since it is the major eparchy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in North America. Although the author does not propagate this startling claim nor give it any credence in his own analysis, it does have its proponents and at present it is tightly interwoven with arguments of those who castigate the “creation myth” to Project Management Excel justify their claims.
One of these critics is the aforementioned Arey, who boldly asserts that “the myth of a unified Orthodox Church in the Western Hemisphere prior to the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 needs to Business Brochure Template Vector be debunked by serious historical and factual research.” 15 To his credit, Namee is an honest scholar; his own meticulous research has led him to the conclusion which he now holds, independent of any preconceived notions. Arey on the other hand feels that the matter is settled because the “myth” of unity will be “debunked” once “serious and Business Side Printing factual research” (as opposed to “nonfactual” research?) is Brochure Template Flyer Design conducted. In other words, Arey and his partisans in the GOA have already decided on the result, now all that is needed is research to justify the Of Operations Free official party line. Business Template Flyer Design? One can reasonably surmise that the reason GOA functionaries have taken this argument is that it is only by doing so that the primatial claims of the OCA can be trumped. Weaknesses of the Counter-Myth. Leaving aside for the moment the novel claims of Constantinopolitan supremacy and the sloppy logic of its adherents, the assertion of administrative disunity has been taken up by other honest critics. As shall be seen time and again, it can only be sustained by completely ignoring the Director Of Operations - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format first century of the history of the Template Annual Stock Vector Russian missionary diocese. Indeed, such willful ignorance is necessary for 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist certain modern partisans of Constantinople otherwise their claims to jurisdiction over America can gain no purchase. Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock? It is only by going to the heart of the matter, that is to say the grant of autocephaly by Patriarch Alexei I to the Metropolia in 1970 16 and 2 attempting to delegitimize it, that such grandiose claims over North America can even be sustained.
Although this is probably not Namee’s intent, his arguments unwittingly give aid and comfort to the present supremacist Constantinopolitan position. More to the point, such a tack legitimizes the Template Design present jurisdictional anarchy with the attendant ecclesiological chaos. Regardless, the counter-myth fails to make its case. Consider: it is noted that both patriarchs Alexei I and his successor Pimen defended this action to Patriarch Athenagoras of Constantinople. Their words on this matter, that the authority of the Moscow patriarchate over North America was “recognized by all the Local Churches, including the Holy Church of Constantinople#133;” 17 is left unchallenged. Athenegoras’ lame response that “the initial Russian presence in Alaska and on the west coast of the United States did not grant to Download Project the Russian Church jurisdiction over all of America” 18 likewise passes without comment. Two things are immediately obvious from the Brochure Template Flyer Vector above statement: (1) Athenagoras recognized the Disgruntled Copy Editor Back precedence of the Russian Mission on American soil but tried to minimize it by limiting it to the “west coast” (which of course is not entirely true), and (2) Athenagoras made no countervailing argument against Alexei’s assertion that the Russian claim in North America was recognized by Business Template Design Annual Stock Vector, “all the Local Churches, including#133;Constantinople.” (What exactly was Athenagoras’ point? That Russia had jurisdiction over the Pacific Rim?) Interestingly enough, Athenagoras made no mention of Canon 28, which supposedly grants only Constantinople the right to evangelize and establish churches outside the boundaries of already established local churches. 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist? At the risk of digression, it is in Template Design Stock, fact becoming increasingly clear that the present claims of the Phanar regarding these issues have been evolving. Indeed, this new claim that is to Letter | Driver-Resume say, Constantinopolitan supremacy based on a novel interpretation of Canon 28 that no canonical or historical precedent.
In fact, it is only be viewing history a posteriori and with an agenda already in place that it can even be propounded in the first place. Design Vector? 19. It is noteworthy that both Alexei and Pimen held the same position regarding the American church. A case could certainly be made that their defense was self-serving. On the other hand, an even stronger case could be made that both men believed that an autocephalous mother church has the right to grant autonomy and even autocephaly to 3+ Application Letter its own dioceses should the political situation warrant it this was in fact how ROCOR came about (after a fashion). 20. Be that as it may, this was also the position of the primitive Church, which saw the proliferation of new dioceses and Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector autocephalous provinces (as is implied in Apostolic Canon 34) in the first five hundred years of the Christian Era. What for that matter gives Athenagoras’ counter-argument any more weight? That is to say that Russia’s warrant extended only to San Francisco (if that)? Can it not also be said that his own position in this regard was self-serving? And since we are traveling down this path, which canon gives only Constantinople the right to grant autocephaly to churches that are not in its patriarchate?
More to the point and apropos of the Letter | Driver-Resume present argument propagated by some professors at Holy Cross, which canon gives only Constantinople the Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector right to preach and Office Interior Stock Illustration evangelize a territory outside the borders of Template Design Annual Vector already established local churches, that is, universal jurisdiction? A position that is in Forms Side Printing Company, fact in direct violation of the Business Brochure Stock Council of Carthage (A.D. 410)? 21. To buttress the - 8+ Pdf Format case that the canonical anarchy that existed from 1908 on was of no consequence, the author Namee marshals a critic from within the GOA, Fr Thomas FitzGerald (currently dean of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector Holy Cross). Even with FitzGerald, it becomes clear that the Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume case against the so-called creation myth is not as strong as we are led to believe. For example, FitzGerald, states that the “vast majority of Greek parishes were organized without any contact with the Russian bishops in America.” 22 This is true. Business Template? It is also a selective quotation, one wrenched out of Business Forms a far less sympathetic context. Even its plain words cannot be used as an Template Flyer Stock Vector argument against the primacy of the Russian Mission since FitzGerald accepts the Business Forms | East Company reality of Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector “Russian bishops in America,” and implicitly accepts the fact that at least some Greek parishes (as opposed to the “vast majority”) adhered to the proper protocols and were under its pastoral care. More importantly, FitzGerald is not blind to what this independence meant for the proper canonical order then (or at the present for that matter), a situation which he labels as nothing less than a “serious anomaly.” According to FitzGerald: #133;the establishment of “ethnic” and even “political” dioceses rather than territorial dioceses may have served the Technologist | Driver-Resume short-term needs of the immigrants.
However, the ecclesiastical requirements for canonical order, integrity, and Business Template Flyer Design Vector the unity of the episcopacy in a give region were sacrificed. This led to an undue emphasis upon a policy of “congregationalism” which is alien to Orthodoxy, and to an attitude of phyletism, both which have greatly diminished the mission and Office Interior Sketch Stock salutary message of the Orthodox Church in the United States until very recently. 23. The Emergence of Multiple Jurisdictions. To ask the question of Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector whether this hyper-independence was Orthodox is to answer it: Is anarchy and Business schism, (its inevitable consequence) ever canonical?
This is precisely the problem. Certainly FitzGerald is not oblivious to Business Template Flyer Vector the loss of “canonical order.” As he himself states, not only did congregationalism undermine the correct spiritual relationship between the people and Project Management their pastors, it distorted the very nature of the episcopate itself. Indeed, almost all of the ecclesial models such as are presently employed in North America are nothing less than phyletistic, that is to say that they are ipso facto heretical. Business Brochure Design? Even the OCA’s present model of ethnic dioceses which are parallel with its territorial on falls short of the canonical norm. This is the Side Printing logical conclusion of FitzGerald’s analysis (even if he does not make it himself). A very uncomfortable question derives from Business Template, this, one which FitzGerald does not raise but which nevertheless logically follows: are the mysteries of the multiple, ethnic jurisdictions which he rightly labels “a serious anomaly” valid? Are the present multiple ethnic jurisdictions in virtual schism from each other?
If not, are we in fact looking instead at Word, Pdf Format the inception of a new schism based on varying degrees of Brochure Template Design Stock Vector orthopraxy, which is the Project Template inevitable result of our present ghetto mentality? If unity did in fact exist at one time, one could easily make this case. Even if a grand, overarching unity never in fact existed, do not the parallel, later jurisdictions many of Template Flyer Design Annual Vector which were created from a smattering of ethnic parishes that arose because of schism from the Russian Mission bear the taint of Letter For Medical canonical irregularity? Otherwise, why would their partisans resolutely dismiss or otherwise ignore the first century of American Orthodoxy? As noted, even the present Ecumenical Patriarch went out of his way to present a distorted and highly misleading case regarding the origins of Orthodoxy on Business Brochure Flyer Design Vector, the North American continent. Therefore the fundamental question is: Why should this be the case? It appears that the Disgruntled Copy Editor Back burden of proof is upon those who are antithetical to the primacy of the Business Template Flyer Stock Russian Mission otherwise the reliance upon such a massive historical lacunae would not be necessary. The presence of multiple, redundant, and parallel jurisdictions in North America is not without its canonical and liturgical conundrums. As mentioned, there is Sop Assignment hardly a consensus regarding a wide spectrum of moral concerns.
Liturgical divergences are real as well. Business Brochure Template Design? That being said, is it possible that Orthodoxy in Sketch Stock Illustration - Image, America is in the process of Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock undergoing a modern replay of the ancient Donatist heresy, in which those who consider themselves to | Driver-Resume be “more” Orthodox will have very little to do with those whom they deem “less” Orthodox? If this scenario plays out, which body of American Orthodox will be the Donatists and which the Orthodox-Catholics? Will there be a new St Augustine who will forge a rationale for rapprochement between these two estranged ecclesial bodies? Even if it never comes to this, if we continue this path, it is Business Template Flyer Design Vector obvious that disunity and disharmony will continue to be the norm. FitzGerald was being charitable when he wrote these words in 1984.
In the interim, the divergences liturgical and otherwise between jurisdictions have only Disgruntled Copy Editor, intensified. Contrary to the optimism of Template Design Stock some, it is just as likely that a break in Checklist Excel Excel, communion can occur if the present disunity is Business Template Design Annual Stock not resolved. If not inevitable, it is at least foreseeable. Ignorance of canonical authority cannot negate the reality of the same, in much the Sop Assignment 2 same way that “ignorance of the law is no excuse” (as stated by Business Brochure Flyer Annual Vector, the famous legal adage). It is curious indeed why critics of the “creation myth” feel that they have to justify deplorable behavior in order to break free from the Business | East Printing Company “myth” of the primacy of the Russian Mission. Template Flyer Annual? Regardless of the fact that unity from 1892 on was increasingly ignored by 2, the newer immigrants, FitzGerald’s words cannot be dragooned into the service of those who wish to justify this anarchy as a trivial matter. Nor for Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector that matter can they be used by modern partisans who wish to Disgruntled Copy Editor Back subjugate the Brochure Template current multiple jurisdictions of North America under yet another foreign church. Indeed, quite the opposite. Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format Download? His own words on this matter are quite explicit: he writes that “Orthodoxy in the United States can only be viewed properly as an emerging local Church comprised mainly of American citizens of a wide variety of racial, ethnic, and religious backgrounds.” FitzGerald goes on to state:
In due course, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the various Orthodox jurisdictions#133;will be united into Brochure Template Flyer Design Vector an autocephalous Church which will be officially recognized as such by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the other autocephalous Orthodox Churches. 24. The present essay is not concerned with the Strikes Back present hyperbolic claims made by the modern devotees of Canon 28. To be fair, neither is Namee. Brochure Vector? (Indeed, the present protocols of the Chambesy conference of June and December of 2009 have laid to rest all references to Canon 28, which was not even referenced in any of the proceedings. Disgruntled Editor Back? 25 ) Regardless, it is Business Template Flyer Design Vector equally clear that the counter-myth proposed by Namee and others makes it easier to Sop Assignment propagate this newer position. After all, many Old World patriarchates continue to view the Orthodox of America as a part of a dispersion, one sustained by Business Template Flyer Design Stock, blood ties to the Old World and not because of any concerted evangelistic effort. FitzGerald’s position is in fact the Editor Strikes Back exact opposite. To believe otherwise, one would have to take this argument to the next logical step, that is that the Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock anarchy that obtained from 1908 in certain independent parishes was normative and of no charismatic consequence.
Leaving aside the problem of sacramental validity, such nonchalance would necessarily mean that there is in fact no Orthodox position regarding parish or diocesan formation; that all comers are welcome and Sop Assignment all parishes and dioceses founded under such schemes are canonical. This is an Design Annual Stock Vector absurd argument on its face and Orthodox in America were alerted to this fear by Chronopoulos, who wrote that because of our administrative disunity, there is no legal way to stop the proliferation of jurisdictions which call themselves “Orthodox.” 26. Two Early Parishes: Holy Trinity, New Orleans 1864 Holy Trinity, New York 1892. Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church - 1866. In 1890, Namee states that only two Orthodox churches existed in Management Checklist Template Excel, the “continental United States.” He describes them as “a Russian cathedral in San Francisco and a Holy Trinity parish in New Orleans.” Curiously, the ethnic origin of Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock this latter church is Company not mentioned. There are perhaps several reasons for this, including the fact that although it was founded in 1864, its ethnic identity was only first described in the US Census of 1890, wherein we are told that it was “a part of the Church of Greece, in connection with the consulate of Greece in New Orleans.” Notice that this description first surfaces twenty-two years after the fact . Its “jurisdiction” therefore is not a settled matter. To his credit, Namee points out that according to some contemporaneous sources, it (Holy Trinity) was believed by some to Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector be “under the authority of the Business | East Printing Church of Russia.” 27 Its conception, in other words, was less than immaculate.
In fact, its origins are murkier than what is stated in the official pronouncements of the Business Brochure Template Design Greek jurisdiction. Its first priest was a man named Agapius Honcharenko, whom we are told was “an itinerant Ukrainian of questionable credentials who was visiting New York City in 1865 when he was contacted by the New Orleans parish.” According to Honcharenko himself, he “had a price on his head for Sop Assignment 2 his involvement in revolutionary activities.” In previous responses to another critic, 28 I made much of the fact that some of the priests who came to America independently of the Russian Mission were under an ethical or “canonical cloud.” I stand by this statement. Let us distill this argument to its essence: the concept of an independently founded parish which was congregational in polity, by necessity gave rise to the scandalous concept of the hireling priest. Neither phenomenon is canonical. Design Stock Vector? I leave it up to the reader to decide about the validity of sacraments performed under such conditions. In his presentation at St Vladimir’s, emphasis was made on Honcharenko’s estrangement from the Russian Orthodox Church, ostensibly to further neutralize the myth of unity. In doing so however, it is the parish’s canonicity which is Copy Editor Strikes Back called into question, not the validity of the Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Russian Mission . Again, nigh-heroic efforts must be made to ignore the elephant in the room, thereby unwittingly strengthening the contrary argument. Therefore incidents such as the chaotic founding of the New Orleans parish cannot be a point of pride (nor should they) and in fact, such parish formations militate against the claims of Editor Strikes modern-day critics of the Russian missionary diocese and Template Design Annual Vector other propagandists of the multiple jurisdictional model. This fact requires further reflection; in fact, it boggles the mind.
Why did this supposedly “Greek” parish reach out to a Ukrainian of such disrepute to be its first priest (if indeed he was a priest)? If this was a Greek parish which was “part of the Church of Greece,” and one “in connection with the Greek consulate” (as stated years later in the 1890 Census) then why didn’t it look to Greece for its first priest? Is it possible that Mark Stokoe’s assessment (that it was a pan-Orthodox parish made up immigrants from Business Forms Side Company, many different Orthodox groups) is the more accurate one? 29 Even if the matter of Holy Trinity’s ethnic origins cannot be settled once and for Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector all, we do know that all other parishes established between 1868 and 1892 admittedly a small number were most definitely under the Russian Mission, regardless of ethnic origin. Namee then goes to some lengths to Sketch minimize the impact of the Alaskan experience. Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock? He indicates that it did not become a territory until 1912, overlooking the fact that its sovereignty was transferred to the United States when it was purchased in 1867 from the czarist government. As for the geographical separation of Alaska from the continental United States, he looks to Fr Michael Oleksa, an authority on Alaskan Orthodoxy for support. He records that according to Oleksa “#133;by 1917, the vast majority of American Orthodox immigrants#133;were ‘totally unaware of the history of the Alaskan Church.’” 30 This is not completely accurate as we shall soon point out. Regardless, this assertion is superfluous as the vast majority of canonists, theologians, priests, and bishops were at least aware of the antiquity of the Russian Mission as stated by patriarchs Alexei, Pimen and (reluctantly) Athenagoras. More importantly, during this time of peak immigration (1890-1920), many, if not most, Orthodox Christians in America before this time knew this as well. Business | East Printing? Indeed, the Brochure Design argument of Alaska’s geographic distance is a nullity since up until 1996, all jurisdictions in North America were transnational in Side, that they include Canada and Mexico as well.
31 As to its unique culture, that is neither here nor there: The culture of the Annual Stock Vector Carpatho-Russians of the 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume Monongahela Valley, the Serbs of the Mountain West, the Ukrainians of Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Manitoba, and the Greeks of Tarpon Springs are equally unique and “worthy of study.” Be that as it may, Louisiana was in secession from the United States and it was under federal occupation and martial law. Indeed, this church (Holy Trinity) had been founded in the Confederate States of America, a polity which was viewed sympathetically by Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes, most of the Business Brochure Template Annual Stock great European powers (Russia excepted) and whose incipient nationhood would have been recognized had the Of Operations Resumes Free Pdf Format Army of Northern Virginia prevailed at Gettysburg. Therefore Athenagoras’ attempt to disqualify the legitimacy of the Russian Mission’s claim to being the local church of the United States because it was located in San Francisco falls under the weight of its own logic. It is in fact, historically untenable.
California at least was a legitimate territory, thereby placing it within the normative life of the Design Stock Vector United States whereas Louisiana had forfeited this right because of its secession from the Union. Its citizens in fact were disenfranchised in the immediate aftermath of the Download Project Management Checklist Excel Excel War Between the States. Indeed, it was an open question at Business Flyer Design the time as to whether some (or all) of the Southern states would have been welcomed back into the Union. 32. Perhaps realizing that the Business Forms Company questionable origin of the New Orleans parish does not help the cause of Greek independence from the Brochure Flyer Design Vector Russian Mission, Namee then jumps ahead thirty years to the creation of Holy Trinity in New York City in Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+, 1892. This church, which was the product of a secular Greek lodge called the Society of Brochure Template Design Stock Athena, approached the Church of Greece for its first priest. The matter was remanded to the Ecumenical Patriarchate who then referred the issue back to the Church of Greece. Coincidentally, this is not unlike the scenario which occurred eighty years later, when the Metropolia went to Istanbul to plead their case, only to Line Stock Illustration - Image be told to turn to their mother church in Russia (which then granted them autocephaly). Within a few years, a schism in this Church of Greece parish erupted resulting in the establishment of Business Flyer Design Stock another parish in New York (Annunciation) which was set up under the auspices of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Word,? This of course brings up another uncomfortable question: Since the closing of the Russian chapel in New York, the fact that the first parish in New York was “founded” by Business Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, the Church of Greece would indicate that territorial rights belonged to that church, not the Ecumenical Patriarchate. (Of course, the Download Checklist Excel Church of Greece did no such thing, it was founded by Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, its congregants who then turned to Greece for a priest.) Be that as it may, an argument could be made that Constantinople was encroaching upon Sop Assignment, the jurisdiction of that church.
This is curious in that it was understood that the Church of Greece was constrained by its own grant of Brochure Annual Vector autocephaly from evangelizing outside its borders. This grant had been given to Greece by the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 1850, when it ended the schism that had erupted between the two churches some twenty years earlier when the Church of Greece unilaterally declared autocephaly from the Turkish-controlled Ecumenical Patriarchate. Regardless, this calls into question not only the details of the counter-myth, but the present hyperbolic claims of Constantinopolitan primacy whose partisans claim that no autocephalous church can exercise missionary efforts outside of their own nations’ boundaries. The very fact that the Disgruntled Editor Back Ecumenical Patriarchate remanded the issue of pastoral care for this parish to the Church of Greece shows this type of Business Flyer Annual Vector canonical stricture was not in Sop Assignment 2, evidence or more probably that it was a dead letter. At any rate, it shows in a glaringly patent manner that neither church had any real or effective concern for North America. At the risk of belaboring the point, no claims of primacy over the North American continent were leveled at this time or of universal jurisdiction for Business Flyer Annual that matter. Not only were these parishes on their own, but their lack of interaction with each other proves that all claims of Business | East Side Company primacy and jurisdiction were subsequent to Business Brochure Template Vector the fact. 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume? In other words, the reality on the ground was one of pastoral and evangelistic apathy, to a degree that is unfathomable to normative ecclesiastical practice. If this does not dispel any notions of universal jurisdiction and/or Byzantine primacy over North America, then nothing does. Since it appears that the Church of Greece chose not to contest the founding of Flyer Design Stock Vector this schismatic parish, and there was no guidance in this matter from either the Church of Greece or the Ecumenical Patriarchate, then the concept of parish foundation and jurisdiction at this time was fluid, one could even say anarchic.
At least this was the case with those ethnic parishes founded independently of the Russian missionary diocese. 2? The contrast with parish formation as found within the Russian Mission is Business stark (to say the least). Every parish set up under the pastoral care of the Russian bishops, and all evangelistic activities under its aegis, were undertaken with the greatest attention to detail. At any rate, the picture painted above by anti-Russian Mission partisans of parishes outside its purview is not a pretty one. For example, in order to Office - Image neutralize the primatial claims of the Russian Mission, many critics like to point out that in Business Brochure Design Stock Vector, some cities, Greek parishes preceded the Forms | East foundation of Russian parishes.
To be sure, it is Business Template Design Annual Stock noted that in New York City, a Russian chapel which had been founded in 1870, was closed by Side Printing Company, the Russian government in 1883. If however, the Orthodox ecclesiological principle as envisioned by this newer narrative is one of Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector independence, or to be more accurate, complete indifference to the established ecclesial presence, then what of this fact? What difference would it have made had there been ten Russian Mission parishes in New York City? Or a hundred for that matter? After all, it does not appear that these newer Greek parishes were concerned at Sop Assignment all about the established Russian hierarchy in the New World. Nor were they concerned with each other for Business Brochure Template Stock Vector that matter. The Counter-Myth: Selective Comparisons.
It is here that anti-Russian Mission partisans seem to have staked some we see some very tenuous claims, that is, that numbers alone can overwhelm an established local church and that indifference to the territorial principle is of no consequence. This argument however is a double-edged sword. Were there not already scores of parishes in Checklist, Alaska? Were there not dozens of Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock formerly Uniate parishes in the lower 48 by 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, this time? For that matter, were there not Russian Mission parishes being formed due to the immigration of Russians, Ukrainians, Galicians, and Byelorussians into North America during this very same time? Clearly what we see at this time is a formal, recognized diocese operating under canonical norms and undertaking a serious evangelistic program. Why then do critics insist on overlooking this substantial effort with its scores of Brochure Template Flyer Design Vector parishes in favor of the much smaller number of independent parishes which were being founded in Project Management Template Excel, a piecemeal, chaotic fashion and under no canonical supervision whatsoever? At any rate, it is not unknown for Business Flyer Design dioceses to Office Interior - Image close down missions and churches.
This does not mean that the diocese is extinct or that it can be taken over by another autocephalous Orthodox church. By selectively comparing three Russian parishes in Brochure Annual Stock, the lower 48 (and ignoring the large numbers of Alaskan and Uniate parishes) to an equally small number of independent Greek parishes, a highly skewed picture of American Orthodoxy in the period from 1890-1910 is presented. Perhaps this is why some critics of the Russian Mission go to such great lengths to ignore the reality of the Uniate outreach of St Alexis Toth as well as the ecclesiological experience of Alaska is 3+ Application For Medical Technologist ignored. When viewed in the correct light, “administrative unity” for the growing number of Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector parishes of the Russian diocese appears far closer to the reality than not. More to the point, how was the Russian Mission administered? Were canonical norms in place, especially in regards to the treatment of priests? Specifically, were the priests of the Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Pdf Format Russian Mission treated as they were in Brochure Template Flyer, the few Greek parishes that existed before 1910, that is to say, as employees who were hired and fired based on nothing more than the caprices of congregationally run parish councils (as noted by Business Forms | East Printing, even critics of the so-called creation myth). To further make the case for administrative disunity, Namee describes the situation in Chicago in Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual, which a Russian and Greek parish existed side-by-side, with supposedly little interaction.
This lack of interaction however did not cover that particular Greek parish in glory as we can tell from contemporaneous accounts, a fact which must have been obvious to casual observers since it generated some notoriety. According to The Chicago Tribune for example, we learn that “One is the Orthodox or regular Russian Church#133;while the Office Sketch Line Stock Illustration other is Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock Vector purely Greek in Project Checklist Template Excel Excel, its membership and nationality. Brochure Template Flyer Stock? 33 ” According to this same source, “The Greek church ‘wants no one but those of Hellenic blood among its members.’” Again, in my previous responses 34 to a certain critic, I made much of the 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume fact that the idea that these independent priests viewed themselves as “missionaries,” was a very charitable view given the Business Vector actual facts on the ground. Exaggerated would not be too strong a word in this regard. I stand by that claim. Certainly the congregations that hired them did not view them as “missionaries.” Interestingly enough, the “independence” of the Greeks from the Russian diocese appears to not be so cut-and-dried.
Namee cites two incidents of co-worship between Greeks and Russians. The first occurred on Oct 7, 1894, wherein we are told that both Greeks and Russians in Chicago worshiped together at the Russian church to “commemorate the hundredth anniversary of Orthodoxy in the New World.” 35 Regrettably, this startling fact passes without comment. At the very least, this is clear evidence of the fact that there was clear agreement about the antiquity of the Russian Mission and its primacy in 2, North America. Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector? This in fact calls into question veracity of Business | East Side Printing Company Oleksa’s comment that “the vast majority” of Orthodox immigrants were “totally unaware” of the Alaskan church. Clearly, these Greek-Americans were aware. Indeed, this act of commemorative worship is evidence that knowledge of Alaska was not as unknown as we have been led to believe. And this was not a singular incident. Later that same year for example, memorial services were held for Tsar Alexander III in Business Vector, all three Greek churches in Director Download, the U.S., Yet further evidence that there was recognition of the precedence of the Russian Mission and perhaps some degree of Brochure Flyer Design dependence upon the czarist government.
This is an important point: Why would these mostly republican Greek immigrants commemorate the Director Resumes Free Word, late Tsar, who was an absolutist monarch? The answer may lie in the fact that many of them were thankful for Business Template Flyer Vector the resources that the Russian Mission extended to them. We can therefore say that in some Greek circles, it appears that they did view themselves as being part of the Business Side Printing Company local Orthodox authority, at least in Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, some general sense. As to the fact of Greek “independence” being due to lack of proper canonical and episcopal oversight, this is Sketch Stock no matter for Flyer Annual Stock pride. Nor was it as unyielding as the Director Resumes Word, Download critics would have us believe: We learn for example that in Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, the time period in question, that is Download Checklist Template Excel Excel before the final rupture (1916-1918), six “independent” Greek parishes received antimins from the Russian Mission, thereby placing themselves formally under its jurisdiction. In other words, 7 percent of Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector Greek-American parishes placed themselves under the protection of the Russian hierarchy a good eight years after they were supposedly “transferred” to the Church of Greece by the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
Interestingly enough, this is the 2 exact same time period in which we are told by Oleksa that the Template Flyer Design Vector “vast majority” of Orthodox immigrants were “totally unaware of the history of the Alaskan Church.” Perhaps they were ignorant of the Alaskan church, but were they “totally unaware” of the Russian-American diocese? Increasingly, it looks like they were not, otherwise, why would they reach out to the Russian bishops for their antiminsions? Independent Parishes Under a “Canonical Cloud” Barbara MacGahan - 1893 (Photo SOCHA) My entire contention about independent parishes being under a canonical cloud increases in strength given the Director Of Operations Resumes Word, Pdf Format more facts we uncover. One would do better to avert one’s eyes from this fact and what it portends for the ecclesiology of the subsequent ethnic jurisdictions. As Namee himself notes, things were so bad that one contemporaneous Greek bishop describes the Business Flyer Vector situation in the Greek parishes as “complete chaos.” He also quotes Fr John Erickson, who writes that these same Greek parishes were “independent of Interior Sketch Line Stock - Image any authority beyond the local community.” 36 In other words they were congregational, which is to say, not canonical.
Leaving aside for Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector the moment the shocking ramifications such a state of affairs implies as to the matter of Business Forms | East Side Printing Company ecclesial legitimacy, the congregational principle was so pronounced that almost no priest escaped its wrath, surely a novelty in the vast sweep of Orthodox ecclesial history. How chaotic was this situation? According to Business Template a contemporaneous letter written to The Washington Post , one Mrs Barbara MacGahan goes to great lengths to distance the canonical Orthodox praxis as found in the churches of the Russian Mission from the antics found in some of these independent parishes. 37 MacGahan (who, despite her name, was a prominent Russian-American) pleaded with her readers to not hold the Russians responsible since they were “under the steady guidance of Bishop Tikhon,” whereas the Greek parishes were “without any ecclesiastical guidance of supervision.” One shudders to Business think what was taking place in these parishes that it came to the unsympathetic attention of the Business Brochure Template general public. The origin of the incipient Greek exarchate requires more study. We are told that the Church of Director Of Operations Free Word, Pdf Format Download Greece had “established” the first Greek parish in New York City, and that soon after several other parishes were founded by that same church. In reality of course, the Church of Greece did no such thing; instead these parishes were established, founded, and funded by the Greek immigrants usually under the auspices of Design Annual Stock Vector quasi-Masonic lodges and the Church of 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume Greece merely accepted them as a fait accompli . Quite simply, the Greek church was in no position to endow or otherwise support new parishes outside its borders. At any rate, in Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, 1908 the Ecumenical Patriarchate was forced by the Turkish government to relinquish control of them to the Church of Greece. (This unsettling fact likewise passes without comment.) The Russian Orthodox Church at Project Excel this point declared that all Greek parishes were under its purview. Constantinople disagreed and stuck to its original diktat, thus officially creating an extracanonical ethnic jurisdiction in North America as one contemporary critic stated at Business Brochure Template Vector the time.
Critics of the “creation myth” however try to mitigate the severity of this transfer by stating that both the Ecumenical Patriarchate and Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download the Church of Greece were already “sending priests to America, resolving parish disputes, consecrating Holy Chrism for use in the New World, and even in the case of Fr Raphael Morgan commissioning missionaries to evangelize Americans.” 38 Left unsaid is whether either church had the right to do so. As for “commissioning missionaries,” the seriousness of Business Brochure Morgan’s mission is an open question, one not easily resolved by simple assertions. 39. What is also left unexamined is that this tomos of transfer was not universally accepted even by the Greek-Americans. Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume? In other words, many continued to view themselves as part of the Ecumenical Patriarchate instead of the Church of Greece; again, a rather startling set of circumstances which the critics choose to ignore. At this point, let me raise the uncomfortable question: If the Greek parishes chose to Business Template Flyer Annual Vector ignore this edict (from their mother church no less), it follows that they were refusing to accept the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarchate as well, thereby cutting themselves off from Printing Company, communion with this church. Under such circumstances, how could one make the case that their mysteries were valid or that the erstwhile pan-Hellenic jurisdiction was canonical? Leaving aside these uncomfortable facts, it is obvious that the tomos of transfer itself was invalid.
To be sure, these parishes’ indifference to the tomos may have been due to their congregationalism, nevertheless the plain fact remains that it was issued, even if under duress. No edict or canon that is enacted under such conditions can be considered valid otherwise, the council of Ferrara-Florence (1449) which ostensibly healed the schism between Greek East and Latin West is still in Business Template Design Annual, effect. Sop Assignment 2? This act was forced upon every Byzantine bishop by the emperor who wished to see a political alliance with the West. As is known, every Orthodox bishop present (except for Mark Eugenicus, the metropolitan of Ephesus) was forced to Template Stock sign it. The noxiousness of this act was readily apparent to all and it became an instant nullity among the people. Partisans of new anti-Russian Mission creation myth therefore can find no consolation in the tomos of 1908 by Editor, the Ecumenical Patriarchate nor for that matter can the present-day universal jurisdictionalists.
At best, the most that both anti-Russian Mission parties can say is that ethnic particularism and ecclesial anarchy is of no concern when studying the origins of the multiple jurisdictions. Indeed, the casual reader could be forgiven for getting the distinct impression that the parade of horribles that the critics describe is in fact a point of pride, at least to the degree which these egregious incidents can be used to dismantle the idea of early American Orthodox unity. This of course brings us to a problem that is Business Brochure Annual Vector vexing inter-Orthodox relations throughout the world: by what right does any autocephalous church have the ability to transfer parishes from one jurisdiction to another in a land in which there is an already established local church? Interestingly enough, Constantinople did not make any recourse to universal jurisdiction to do so in 1908. At any rate, it was forced to undertake this action by its Turkish overlords (as noted earlier). More importantly, it claims jurisdiction over the parishes of the Russian Mission, which by rights it could do so according to the present universalist claims as propagated by advocates of Business Side Canon 28. Therefore it could be said that North America at that time was basically a blank slate in which any patriarchate could claim jurisdiction for its particular ethnic group. Constantinople certainly did not protest the founding of any of the other ethnic jurisdictions even after the formal establishment of the Greek archdiocese in 1922, if any additional evidence was needed. Yet more food for thought for those who are suddenly emboldened by novel and quasi-papalist claims of universal jurisdiction based Canon 28.
As to the attitude of Patriarch Joachim III of Constantinople (who is credited by Business Brochure Template Stock Vector, Stokoe with accepting the primacy of the Russian Mission), 40 Namee and Forms | East Side others go to great lengths to suggest that he did no such thing. Unfortunately, according to the primary source Fr Michael Andreades Joachim did exactly that, when he refused to send a Greek bishop to North America at Brochure Flyer Stock the request of St Tikhon. Director Of Operations Free Word, Pdf Format? He suggested that a Greek bishop who had had been educated in a Russian Orthodox seminary, and who was attached to the Holy Synod of Russia, be sent to America instead. Template Design Annual Stock? For reasons known only to | East Joachim himself, he felt that only such a man would make a more ideal choice for such a position. Namee’s response that there was more to Joachim’s refusal based on the fact that he continued to send individual priests does not obviate against Brochure Template Design Annual Vector, Andreades’ original observation. In fact, this was precisely the same attitude taken by the Serbian Orthodox Church when it refused to send a Serbian bishop, also at Business Forms | East Company Tikhon’s request. Paradoxically, Belgrade as well kept sending priests (at least this appears to be the case).
This refusal to send ethnic bishops begs further reflection: Is it possible that Tikhon’s putative ethnic diocesan model was so novel that it could not be squared with traditional Orthodox ecclesiology? Perhaps that is Brochure Template Design Annual why Joachim insisted that any Greek bishop should be one that was already part of the Russian Orthodox Church; that it was only under those parameters that the territorial principle could be maintained. Indeed, a reasonable case could be made that Tikhon’s vision of ethnic suffragans was a direct violation of the Forms Side Printing findings of the council of Constantinople of 1872 which specifically condemned the creation of ethnic auxiliary dioceses. 41 It is Business Design just as likely as well that Constantinople and Belgrade both viewed the Russian Mission as it has traditionally been viewed, that is to say as an active diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church. According to Andreades, Joachim did not reject the idea of a Greek bishop in principle, but only stipulated that he was to be part of the Russian church itself. This proves to a substantial degree that the Sop Assignment “creation myth” is much more real than modern critics would have us believe and that the norms of “administrative unity” were upheld, at least in the ideal. VI. More on the Missionary Phronema of the Russian-American Diocese.
Bishop Tikhon visiting his flock. By delving further into the historical record, critics of the so-called creation myth weaken their own case when they assert that Orthodoxy from its “earliest days” was characterized by disunity. This case can certainly be made from the time of the Bolshevik Revolution onwards. To be sure, “cracks and fissures” in the Russian Mission were apparent from 1890-1910. 1908 of course was a watershed year in this ongoing rupture, at least in Business Template Design Annual Vector, theory if not in Checklist Template Excel, actual fact. Yet even if we consider the massive waves of immigration that overwhelmed the Russian Mission, the majority of Orthodox parishes in North America were under the administrative control of the Russian bishops. This includes all Arab and Serbian parishes as well. In addition to its oversight of all of the Serbian and Arab parishes, the Russian Mission made heroic efforts to pastor and found Greek parishes. Patriarch Joachim III himself lauded the efforts of the Russian Mission for its “zealous missionary work among the Greek people.” 42 Namee writes that there were three Greek priests (out of a total of 103) that were “known to have acknowledged the Business Brochure Design Stock Vector authority of the Sop Assignment 2 Russian hierarchy.” 43 Admittedly, this is a small fraction, yet this fact likewise begs an important question: Why did they do so? Conversely, we could ask: Why did none of the Russian Mission priests recognize the sovereignty of the Ecumenical Patriarchate? Especially in light of the present universalist claims made by the Phanar, which we are now led to believe was the norm for Flyer Vector evangelism and church formation since at least the fifth century?
As to the governance of the Download Project Management Template various ethnic groups under the Template Flyer Stock Vector auspices of the Russian-American diocese, much can be said, both positive and negative. All of which indicates that the Russian hierarchy viewed itself as the authentic local church. Technologist | Driver-Resume? Did “estrangement” and “resentment” settle in, especially among the Serbs? Yes. Business Flyer Design? Did the Syro-Lebanese recognize the sovereignty of the Russian hierarchy without misgivings?
No. Yet in both instances as well as in the case of Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format Download some Greek parishes the Business Brochure Template Annual Vector reality of the Copy Editor Back primatial claims of the Russian-American diocese was accepted. Bishop Raphael Hawaweeny (last photo ever taken) As is well known by now, St Tikhon actively recruited a Syrian priest (Raphael Hawaweeny) whom he consecrated as a suffragan in Business Brochure Template Design Annual Vector, the Russian Mission for the specific purpose of creating a Syro-Lebanese diocese. He also looked to the formation of a Serbian diocese and had groomed a Serbian-American (Sebastian Dabovich) to be his protege in this regard. Both priests interestingly enough were already employed by the Russian missionary diocese and preceded Tikhon’s arrival in America by Download Project Template Excel Excel, several years. (Dabovich incidentally was an Brochure Design Annual Stock American native.) It also appears that he looked to the creation of a Greek diocese as well.
He even had diocesan seats planned for this multi-ethnic Russian-American exarchate: the Download Management Checklist Template Excel Excel primate would be archbishop of Business Flyer Annual Stock Vector New York City; the Arab bishop would be situated in Technologist, Brooklyn, and the Serbian in Chicago. (It is believed that the Greek bishop would serve in San Francisco.) All this indicates the reality of the primacy and Brochure Template Flyer Stock permanence of the Download Management Checklist Template Excel Russian Mission in North America. As for the Serbian parishes, they did engage in schism from the Russian Mission for a brief period, hence a case for disunity can be advanced. However they were brought back into Brochure Template Design Annual the fold, therefore the original assertion remains: Unity was restored. The “fold” to Download Management Template Excel which they returned was by definition the primatial one. As to the “relative independence” of Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector Bishop Raphael Hawaweeny of Brooklyn, I have indicated in Director Resumes - 8+ Free Word,, two previous responses that the reality was more complicated. 44 At base, it could not be said that he had no loyalty to the church that consecrated him. Yes, he was of two minds as to his role within the Russian Mission. Certainly he was intensely proud of his Arab ethnicity. He was loyal after a fashion to the see of Antioch and consistently apprised Damascus of his actions. Yet none of the critics can bring forth evidence that the see of Antioch provided him with material support and the resources necessary to undertake his pastoral journeys throughout North America, much less set up a fully independent exarchate.
Nor is Stock Vector any evidence brought forth that he did not view himself as a suffragan of the Russian Orthodox Church. Admittedly, the Interior Isometric Sketch Stock Illustration situation in North America was novel, never in the history of Orthodoxy had so many different Orthodox migrations settled onto one continent in so short a time. St Tikhon was painfully aware of this and his own compromises in this regard must be viewed in a forgiving light. Flyer Stock Vector? Certainly, he never considered the random Greek, Serbian, or Arab immigrant to somehow not be “Orthodox” simply because he wanted to celebrate the Printing Company services of the Church with others of his own kind. As noted time and Business Brochure Annual Stock Vector again, Tikhon very much wanted to facilitate such gatherings.
Nevertheless, no critic can bring forth evidence that Tikhon would have been sympathetic to the formation of Forms Printing ethnic jurisdictions independent of and parallel to the Russian Mission. Nor can it justify the phyletistic and heretical multiple jurisdictionalism that resulted, to Business Flyer Design Stock Vector say nothing of the uncanonical anarchy that attended the rise of those parishes independent of the Russian missionary diocese. After all, this model often resulted in the breaking of communion for various and sundry reasons. Although many ruptures were healed, newer ones have arisen to take their place. In retrospect, the case for administrative unity looks in fact to be stronger upon further reflection.
There was indeed if not a “golden age” of administrative unity then a “silver age” which up until 1917 encompassed approximately three hundred fifty parishes in North America. The overwhelming majority of these parishes were of Russian, Carpatho-Russian, Galician, Ukrainian, and Alaskan origin. This missionary diocese also included all Serbian and Lebanese parishes in Download Project Template Excel Excel, North America, and a miniscule number of Greek ones as well. To be sure, there was a growing number of independent parishes that were Greek for Template Flyer Stock the most part which chose to Forms Printing Company ignore the primacy of the Russian Mission and on one occasion, even evicted St Tikhon from one of its parishes but this is not a point of Business Brochure Design Annual Stock Vector pride to Copy Editor Strikes Back any reasonable man. Canonical irregularities and scandal abounded in these churches, as contemporaneous accounts indicate and the “creation-myth” critics themselves acknowledge. At the risk of belaboring the point, one could reasonably ask, how desirable was the ecclesiological chaos that ensued in those parishes? These are not rhetorical questions but have tremendous bearing on the present reality of jurisdictional disunity and Business Brochure Template Flyer Design what it means for mission formation. Chaos and disunity will likely remain so if we cling to Isometric Line Illustration the counter-myth as presented by these critics. Indeed, it is Template Flyer Stock Vector hard how it could not be otherwise. Four Premises Inform the Counter-Myth. Despite the tremendous and Resumes Word, Pdf Format Download admirable research he has conducted, the Business Template Design Stock entire case against the so-called myth of unity rests on four premises:
That the | East Printing Company first hundred years of the Russian Mission and Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock its administrative and canonical integrity must be resolutely ignored; If the first century is acknowledged, the enormity of the Alaskan and Carpatho-Russian missionary endeavors must be marginalized; Examples of Disgruntled non-ethnic Russian cooperation and obeisance to the established ecclesiastic protocols of the Russian Mission must pass without comment; and Irregular, uncanonical, and Brochure Template Annual Vector even schismatic ecclesiological practices must be trumpeted as somehow authentic or exceedingly trivial. In addition, one would have to overlook hostile Turkish control over Old World patriarchates and through these churches, its nefarious incision into the workings of ethnic exarchates in the Western Hemisphere (a circumstance that continues to this day.) In the final analysis, none of the critics of the “creation myth” can bring forth evidence that the Russian Mission was not the “permanent, established” Orthodox presence on the North American continent as Kallistos Ware wrote. It is 2 only by special pleading, ignoring uncomfortable facts, and (recent) novel claims of Constantinopolitan primacy that are evident only in a posterior fashionthat the facts can be interpreted otherwise. On at Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector least three different occasions, Namee has chosen to Business Side Printing Company pass over facts that are detrimental to his argument. To his credit, Namee upholds an optimistic view of inter-Orthodox relations. On the other hand, I have proffered facts that unfortunately paint a less pleasant picture. When we look at the present acrimony, the first hundred years of American Orthodoxy look much better in retrospect.
Indeed, they represent a model of Template unity and ethnic outreach, pastoral oversight, and an astounding (considering its resources) evangelistic effort. The historical record notes that not only was the Russian Mission the Copy Editor first Orthodox presence in the Western Hemisphere, it maintained an internal and canonical integrity. Moreover, it was a true missionary diocese. Its social and philanthropic efforts in Alaska were nothing less than heroic and far more substantive than those of the Brochure Design American government, and far more respectful of the indigenous peoples. 45 As for the lower 48 states, its concern for non-Russian immigrants was likewise nothing less than admirable. This was noted by no less an Sop Assignment authority than Patriarch Joachim III himself. According to Namee’s own research, by Business Design Annual Stock Vector, 1916 Greeks comprised 48 percent of the Orthodox population in America, a fact which is neither here nor there in terms of Orthodox ecclesiology. On the other hand, the total number of For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume Greek parishes was eighty-seven. Despite the tomos of transfer of 1908, they were evenly divided in allegiance between Greece and Constantinople. Vector? During this time however, the Project Template Excel Russian-American diocese had grown to 350 parishes; therefore the total number of these independent Greek parishes was barely one-quarter of this amount. To be sure, there was no administrative unity between the Flyer Vector majority of these independent Greek parishes and the Russian Mission, but that does not mean that the Office Interior Stock Illustration history of American Orthodoxy should be rewritten in order to take advantage of facts that appeared at a much latter stage in the history of Business Brochure Flyer Stock Vector American Orthodoxy (and not from its “earliest days”).
The facts as presented by Namee and other critics paint a dismal picture of church formation in Resumes - 8+, those parishes that chose to Business Brochure Template Flyer Stock remain independent of the Russian hierarchy. The effects of this stubbornness included ignorance of established protocols, disdain for canonical order, congregationalism, lawsuits, and even outright schism. Critics of the Russian Mission should likewise be held to account for their view that disunity, phyletism, and a decided ignorance of canonical norms are immaterial when it comes to the founding of Side Printing new parishes and the inevitable parallel jurisdictions. It is very possible that for these critics, there is no other way to justify their championship of the present anarchy than to try and normalize it by stating that it was always thus, when a clear presentation of the facts proves otherwise. Despite all the tumult of immigration and the growing pains of the Template Annual Stock American Orthodox presence, an established, legitimately founded Orthodox Church existed in North America which adhered to most ecclesial norms. This stands in sharp contrast to the hodge-podge of independent parishes that had no hierarchical oversight and which were often at odds with the established protocols, and often with each other. It is Template Excel Excel one thing to catalogue the defects of these parishes and then note in a passive way the formation of the exarchates that grew out of them, but it is highly questionable to maintain that this was the total picture of Business Template Flyer Stock Vector American Orthodoxy and that there was not a unified and established Orthodox presence on Forms | East Side Company, the North American continent. That its administrative unity was disrupted and/or ignored is indisputable, but that is not the same thing as saying it never existed, or that the later ethnic jurisdictions which were formed from the Brochure Template Stock remains of schismatic parishesare somehow as legitimate as the Russian Mission. VIII. 3+ Application Letter? Postscript: Implications for the Future. This Response was started in 2009, shortly after Namee's lecture at St Vladimir's Seminary.
Since that time, more historical information has come forth, almost all of it from Namee and his historical research society. The volume of information produced from that quarter is truly astounding. The Society for Orthodox History in Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual, America is a non-pareil resource for Sop Assignment 2 long-forgotten documents and photographs that reveal a richness to Business Template Annual the little known history of Technologist | Driver-Resume Orthodox origins in Brochure Flyer Design Vector, North America. That being said, the dominant narrative of an established Russian Mission remains intact, a fact that even Namee increasingly appears to concede. 46 Perhaps the Of Operations Free Word, Pdf Format Download rich history of inter-Orthodox cooperation between bishops of the Russian Mission, and specifically bishops and Business Brochure Flyer Vector priests from the Church of Greece or the Sop Assignment Ecumenical Patriarchate, can best be understood by understanding that history itself is never cut and dried. Incidents that are taken for granted are usually far more nuanced when looked at more closely. Hidden agendas are often revealed which may shed new light on the actors involved. By way of example, consider the so-called Great Schism that cleaved the Christian Church into Roman Catholicism in the West and Orthodoxy in the East. All agree that the act of disunion was the Flyer Design Stock bull of excommunication that was placed on the altar at | East Printing Company the church of the Holy Wisdom in 1054.
Yet almost all historians agree that the truth is more complex. At most, this act of Template Stock disunion was between the Pope and the Church of Constantinople, not the entire East. Most Christians were simply unaware of this brazen act and continued to Disgruntled Editor Strikes Back view themselves as part of a united Church. The final cleavage did not happen until the Design Stock sack of Constantinople in 1204 by the Fourth Crusade. On the other hand, estrangement between East and West started happening in the ninth century; the crowning of Charlemagne as Roman Emperor by the pope in 800 was viewed by 3+ Application, many as a precipitating factor. Other schisms had come and Brochure gone the Checklist Excel Acacian and the Photian schism are two prominent examples. Regardless, the fact remains that even though 1054 was viewed by contemporaries as a relatively trivial event, the fact remains that the bull was a real document with real grievances and Annual Vector since it had been issued by a canonical bishop, had binding authority. Sop Assignment 2? It therefore had historical consequences that became apparent if only over time. History very often is a messy business, and the founding of the Orthodoxy in North America is Template no exception.
Nevertheless, the narrative of the Russian Mission has tremendous explanatory power, and try as others might, neither its history nor primacy can be denied. Namee to Technologist | Driver-Resume his credit attempts no such thing. Business Brochure Stock? The question that must be asked is why have others primarily Constantinople and its partisans taken such a ham-fisted approach in denying the legitimacy of the Russian Mission? It is my belief that intentions can be gleaned from what at Forms Company times amounts to no more than propaganda I am sad to say. Though ill conceived and ultimately doomed to fail, these efforts have consequences, almost all uniformly negative.
The last word has not been written, no doubt other documents will come forth; decaying photographs will be found in some musty attic, of this we can be sure. That being said, even with the tremendous research being done by SOCHA, the tenacity of the Russian Mission, the original creation myth of American Orthodoxy remains; indeed, it grows stronger. This is not merely because the question of origins and primacy can be resolutely affirmed. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock? It is also true because in some ways the original story of Orthodox in America is congruent with the American narrative: A foreign enterprise implanted itself on a new continent, was faithful to its foundational principles, attained a life of its own, and eventually became independent. For better or worse none of the other Orthodox jurisdictions can claim such a patrimony.
Matthew Namee, “The Myth of Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back Unity and the Origins of Jurisdictional Pluralism in American Orthodoxy,” originally given at Business Brochure Flyer Annual Vector the 2008 conference of the Orthodox Theological Society of America, Chicago, June 13, 2008. In the interest of brevity, all references to Namee or ones that he cites will be annotated simply as “Namee, Ibid,” or “Namee, Op cit.” George C Michalopulos and Herb Ham, American Orthodox Church: A History of Its Beginnings (Salisbury: Regina Orthodox Press, 2003). Business Forms Printing? Mark Stokoe, Orthodox Christians in North America: 1794-1994 (with Leonid Kishkovsky, OCPC: 1995). “By 1917 the Orthodox mission in North America would include more than 350 parishes and chapels, its own seminary, bank, women's coleg, monasteries, orgphanages, schools, publications, and fraternal societies, with an annual central administrative budget of $500,000.” p 19. www.ocl.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=OrthodoxUnity.onecontent_id=16869CFID. George C Michalopulos, “The New 'Vicariate’; Unnecessary Provocation or Regrettable Inevitability?” www.ocl.org. Business Brochure Template Design Vector? Rev Dr Elpidaphoros Lambrianides, “The Challenges of Orthodoxy in America and the Role of the Download Project Checklist Template Excel Ecumenical Patriarchate,” delivered at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, Brookline, Mass., March 3, 2009. (www.ocl.org/blog/2009/03).
Unsigned, “The Leadership of the Stock Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Significance of Canon 28,” Brookline, Mass, April 30, 2009. Fr Mark Arey,”Archdiocese Welcomes New Vicariate,” The Orthodox Observer , vol 3, no 1242, pp 1,8. John Couretas, “Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew sums up visit with Greek ‘Diaspora’ in Director Of Operations Free Download, America,” Nov 16, 2009, (www.aoiusa.org). Related to me personally by individuals within FOCUS. According to one individual in Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual, the leadership, a bishop in the GOA forbade priests in his diocese from attending the inaugural meeting of FOCUS even though all Orthodox parishes were invited. Namee, Op cit. The official in question is Charles Ajalat, who until 2009 was one of the two chancellors of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. Metropolitan Isaiah Chronopoulos of Denver, “The Dangers of Multiple Jurisdictions in America,” 2001. Mark Stokoe, “News from around Orthodox America,” May 20, 2009 (www.ocanews.org). Having grown up in a Greek Orthodox parish, I was struck several years ago by our church’s epitaphion (the ornate cloth that is placed on Sop Assignment, the bier on Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock Vector, Good Friday services).
The writing on it was all in Slavonic. As far as is known, it had been in our parish (which was founded in Interior Isometric Sketch Stock, 1928). Nobody knew where we had gotten it and we were absolutely sure that nobody from our parish had ever visited Russia. Nor was there any memory of a Russian bishop visiting our parish. (The closest Russian church to us was in a coal-mining community some 100 miles to the south.) At any rate, we had all grown up with the Business Brochure Template Design Vector knowledge that “oi Rossoi” had brought Orthodoxy to North America some time in the distant past and that perhaps this somehow explained its mysterious appearance. As for the epitaphion itself, it is still in use. Arey, Op cit. Of Operations - 8+ Free Word, Download? Tomos of Alexis , issued by the Russian Orthodox Church on April 10, 1970 to the so-called Metropolia, its former diocese of North America in 1970. This act was not met with approval by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and has proved to be a bone of contention between Moscow and Constantinople in Business Template Annual Stock, the intervening years. At issue is Disgruntled Copy Back how autocephaly is granted.
According to Moscow, any mother church can grant autocephaly to its constituent dioceses. Constantinople on the other hand maintains that only Template Annual Stock, ecumenical councils can do so. Patriarch Pimen of Russia, as cited by Namee (Op cit). Patriarch Athenagoras’ response to Pimen (Ibid). Michalopulos, “Canon 28 and Eastern Papalism: Cause or Effect?” Sept 11, 2009, www.ocl.org. For more information on the noxious effects of Canon 28 supremacy, please go to www.aoiusa.org.
In addition to my own writings on the subject, essays by St John Maximovitch, Metropolitan Philip Saliba, and the late Patriarch Aleksei II of Russia are provided there. The inception of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) has proved to be a complex issue which is beyond the scope of this paper. One of the issues confounding the origins of the OCA was whether it was a constituent part of the Karlovtsy synod, an exilic council of Russian bishops inaugurated in Karlovtsy, Serbia in 1922. Episcopal synods independent of Moscow were authorized by Patriarch Tikhon by his ukase of 1920, primarily because the Moscow patriarchate was not free of Soviet interference. One of its founding members, Metropolitan Platon Rozhdestvensky had previously served as the archbishop of North America (1907-1914).
During his second tenure in Project Management Template Excel Excel, America [1921-1934], he was asked by Flyer Design Stock, the bishops of the Karlovtsy synod to renounce his claim as “Metropolitan of Forms | East Printing Company All-America and Canada.” Platon refused and all his successors have since used that title. Incidentally, because he was by then a metropolitan, the Russian Mission became informally known as “the Metropolia” and functioned effectively as an autonomous church from that time until 1970 when it was given autocephaly by the Moscow patriarchate. (During his first tenure in America as head of the Russian Mission, he was simply an Template archbishop.) Canon 13, Council of Carthage: “If a bishop takes no pains to win over to - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download Catholic unity those places which belong to his jurisdiction, he shall be exhorted to do so by the neighboring bishops. If he does not do so within six months from this warning, they shall belong to the bishop who wins them to the Church. In disputed cases, arbiters shall be chosen by the primate or by the parties themselves.” FitzGerald, as quoted by Namee (Op cit). Business Template Design Stock Vector? Ibid. Ibid. IV Pre-conciliar Pan-Orthodox Confedrence, Chambesy, Switzerland, June 6-12, 2009.
Chronopoulos, Op cit. Namee, Op cit. In April and May of 2009, Fr Oliver Herbel and Interior Isometric Line I engaged in an online debate, which was prompted by his essay “Jurisdictional Disunity and the Russian Mission.” My responses were “A Response to Fr Oliver Herbel,” (April 27), and Business Design “A Letter to Fr Oliver Herbel,” (May 28). All can be accessed at Letter For Medical www.ocanews.org. One of my concerns was the Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector exceedingly generous manner which Herbel used to describe the formation of the parishes founded outside the Russian Mission and specifically, the Sop Assignment credentials of the Business Brochure Flyer Vector priests who served them. Download Management Checklist Excel Excel? One of my points was how did we know that the priests in question were canonical, or that they even were priests for that matter? Much comment was made on the fact that these priests had antiminsia (altar cloths given to Annual Stock Vector them by Excel, their bishops), to Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector which I replied: has anybody seen the cloths in question?
Was there correspondence from the bishop who supposedly sent these priests? The phrase I used was that many of 3+ Application Letter Technologist these priests operated under a “canonical cloud” and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector unless these questions could answered one way or the other, their ministry must remain suspect. Stokoe, Op cit, p 32. It is clear from 2, this work that Greeks were an active part of the Business Template Design Annual Vector Russian Mission and that much outreach had been made to them by it. One of their number, Fr Michael Andreades served as the dean for the western parishes of the Russian Mission. Fr Michael Oleksa, as cited by Matthew Namee (Op cit.).
The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Of Operations Resumes Free Pdf Format North and South America was unilaterally broken up into Flyer Annual four archdioceses in 1996 by the Patriarchate of Constantinople. They are Canada, the Copy Strikes Back United States, Central America and the Caribbean, and South America. This action resulted in acrimony and lawsuits initiated by the Orthodox Christian Laity (OCL). At issue was whether this action violated the Charter of the former archdiocese. Sympathy for the Confederacy in Europe was widespread. Business Brochure Template Design? Among the major powers only Russia was predisposed to Lincoln. The actions of Russia in this regard were decisive in that it prevented England and Forms | East Side Printing Company France from actively aiding the Confederacy. Alexander II guaranteed their neutrality by stationing ships from the Russian Navy in Business Template Flyer Design Stock Vector, San Francisco and New York City for the duration of the war. For purposes of this essay, it is Checklist Template Excel only necessary to point out that in the immediate aftermath of the War Between the States, the Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector issue of citizenship for the inhabitants of the Confederacy was an open question. (Other questions remained, including the Sop Assignment 2 issue of the freedmen and whether they should be enfranchised en masse . Even Lincoln was unsure as to how to proceed.
At any rate, the question became moot after his assassination and the Radical Republicans pushed through the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Flyer Stock Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution.) Namee, Op cit. Herbel/Michalopulos exchange, Op cit. Particularly troublesome to me was the assertion that these immigrant priests looked to their arrival in America in a “missionary” manner. From my own discussions with the descendants of many of these priests, I can safely assert that the overwhelming majority were desperately poor and came to 3+ Application Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume America to better their lives. Others left their homelands under a taint of scandal and were simply looking for a new start. Brochure Flyer? As stated above, none of them had any intention of bringing non-Orthodox into the faith. Download Checklist? Just as troubling to Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector me was the remarkable short-shrift that was given to Director Of Operations - 8+ Free Download the astounding missionary outreach undertaken by St Alexis Toth to the former Uniates in America. As I wrote to Business Brochure Template Fr Herbel, it appeared to Isometric Line - Image me that only by ignoring this massive outreach by the Russian Mission that one could minimize the importance of its primacy or equate the activities of foreign priests outside of it as being “missionary” themselves. At the risk of belaboring the point, it was only the Russian Mission that looked upon non-Orthodox peoples of whatever ethnicityas being worthy of evangelism, the curious career of Raphael Morgan notwithstanding (cf footnote no. 39 below). Namee, Op cit.
Fr John Erickson, as quoted by Namee (Op cit). Ibid. Ibid. Herbel/Michalopulos exchange, Op cit. The curious and fascinating career of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector Fr Raphael Morgan, a divorced, African-American Episcopalian priest who converted to Orthodoxy deserves more study.
My contention was simply that it would be naive to describe his ministry as a missionary one, at least in terms that one normally associates with this word. Among the questions I asked was whether he was given a stipend, whether his journeys on Director Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format, behalf of the Orthodox Church were advertised in the local African-America newspapers, and if he was authorized to liturgize in English. Business Vector? If so, which translation (if any) was made available to him? (The translation by Sop Assignment, Isabelle Hapgood was available by then and widely used in Brochure Design, the churches of the Metropolia.) At any rate, Fr Morgan’s career failed and Download Project Excel Excel after 1916 he seems to Brochure Template Flyer Stock have disappeared from the historical record. It is widely rumoured that he left the Orthodox Church (this, however, cannot be verified). Stokoe, Op cit.
32. According to Stokoe, Patriarch Joachim III was forced to turn down Fr Michael Andreades’ request for a Greek bishop because of fear of Download Project Excel angering his “Turkish oppressors.” While not probative of the idea that he necessarily accepted the primacy of the Russian Mission, this oppression does speak volumes as to whether the Ecumenical Patriarchate is free to act on anything regarding ecclesiastical matters. In any event, by refusing to send a bishop, he implicitly accepted the canonicity and Business Flyer Design Annual Stock primacy of the Russian Mission. Council of Constantinople, 1872. 3+ Application Letter Technologist? Stokoe, Op cit., p 42. Namee, Op cit. Herbel /Michalopulos exchange, Op cit. My concerns with the characterization of Flyer Design St Raphael as somehow being equally beholden to the ancient see of Antioch as well as the Russian Mission are catalogued in more detail in Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+, the debate between myself and Fr Herbel. Besides the impossibility of belonging to Brochure Template Flyer Design two different patriarchates, Herbel provided no information from primary sources that Hawaweeny hoped to Letter For Medical cleave off his Syro-Lebanese exarchate from the Russian Mission. Indeed, his gratitude to the Russian Mission is Business Flyer Annual Stock Vector apparent.
Stokoe, Op cit., p 16. Timothy Ware, The Orthodox Church (London: Penguin, 1993 ed,): Up to Business Forms Side Printing Company the end of the First World War, the Russian archdiocese was the only organized Orthodox presence in North America, and most Orthodox parishes, whatever their ethnic character, looked to the Russian archbishop and his suffragans for pastoral care. Although this arrangement was never formally accepted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Church of Greece, canonical and organizational united existed de facto. p. 182. Namee, “Russian Archbishop welcomes the Greek Archdiocese, 1921 [sic],” SOCHA, May 24, 2010. (www.orthodoxhistory.org). Namee appears to equivocate by conflating “Greek archbishop” with “Greek archdiocese.” This assertion cannot be justified by the actual letter of welcome issued by Archbishop Alexander Nemolovsky to his Greek colleague. To his credit, Namee avoids making a categorical statement one way or the other and is open to the fact that more than one interpretation is possible. In addition, he aptly points out how chaotic the time in question was, when the Metropolia was under assault from the Soviet government. In addition, he acknowledges canonical questions as to the propriety of Business Brochure Design establishing another jurisdiction are relevant.
George C Michalopulos, is a layman in the Orthodox Church in America. Business Forms? He was born in Tulsa, OK where he resides and works. George is Business Brochure Template Design Annual active in Church affairs, having served as parish council president at Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church and as Senior Warden at 2 Holy Apostles Orthodox Christian Church. Together with Deacon Ezra Ham, he wrote 'American Orthodox Church: A History of Its Beginnings' (Regina Orthodox Press: 2003). He is married to Margaret and has two sons, Constantine and Template Flyer Design Stock Vector Michael.
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Writing Your Resume and Curriculum Vitae. Resumes  may vary in Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock content as well as form, appearance, style and layout. It is important to Resumes remember that a resume is a personally written document that allows for some individual variation. It should present a positive image to the potential employer. Highlight your strengths by positioning the most important information related to your objective first and devoting the most space to it. Many employers use optical scanners to enter resumes into databases and Brochure Flyer Annual Stock then electronically search for Office Interior Sketch Stock candidates using identified criteria. Template Flyer Design? The same basic principles apply to Sketch Line - Image all resumes. Everything that makes sense for Business Flyer computer scanners to easily read resumes makes sense for Management Checklist Template Excel human readers, too. The simpler your resume, the better.
Once a computer has selected your resume based on the identified criteria, a human will read it to make the final decision about contacting you for an interview. If you are applying for positions in different industries, you may want to write a targeted resume for each industry. The following checklist is provided to assist you in drafting your resume: Tip: Print this page and check off the Business Brochure Template, items as your write your resume. Paper type : 8-1/2 x 11 quality bond paper with some cotton content. Use the same paper for your resume, cover letter and reference page. Paper color : White paper is best for scanning; however, off-white, ivory or other lightly tinted paper could be acceptable. Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back? If you use a lightly tinted paper, it should make clear copies and have good contrast for readability by humans and Business Brochure Template Design Annual Vector scanners. Printing : Use a high quality printer and use black ink only. Print on one side of the Director Of Operations - 8+ Word, Pdf Format, paper. Word process : Word process your own resume.
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Some say point sizes up to 14 are acceptable for the body of the resume but, to the human reader, anything over 12 may appear as if you are just taking up space. Anything smaller than 10-point may be too small to Interior Sketch Stock Illustration be read. Font style : Use one common, non-decorative font style throughout. The two most common styles are Times New Roman and Helvetica. A few other common fonts are Arial, Palatino and Calibri.
Do not vary the font style within the resume. Italics and Template Flyer Stock Underlining : Do not use italics or underlined text. The letters may touch or run together and Office Sketch Line - Image scanners may have difficulty recognizing the individual characters. Capital letters and Bold : Capital letters and Brochure Template Stock Vector bold type may be used for Management Template effect and to grab the Template Design Vector, reader's attention, but use them sparingly. Graphics and Shading : Graphics and shading should not be used on a resume unless you are in a field in which creativity on a resume may be appropriate.
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Wording : Use industry-specific jargon and buzzwords. Of Operations Resumes Free Word,? Maximize your use of Brochure Design Stock, keywords and words that define the requirements of the particular job you want to Strikes Back do. Consult job descriptions for ideas of words to use. Ask people in your target industry to review your resume to make sure you haven't missed anything. If you are applying for positions in different industries, you may want to write a targeted resume for each industry.
Format : Put the most important categories first and in the most detail. Work keywords into the body of the Business Template Annual Stock, resume. Editor Strikes? Use an outline format. Use phrases and lists, not full sentences. Business Template Annual Vector? Begin all phrases with verbs. Do not use personal pronouns. No I, me, or my on the resume. Within each category, the entries should be listed with the most recent first. Spacing : Single space your entire resume.
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Remove hyperlinks for email addresses and web pages. If your resume is two pages, place your name at the top of the second page with the words Page 2. Objective vs Qualifications Summary. There are different schools of - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format, thought on whether to use an objective or a qualifications summary. If you know what a specific employer prefers, do that. If you fit one of the following categories of job seekers use an objective: entering the workforce for your first professional job, re-entering the workforce after an extended absence, or changing careers. Include an objective. Although some employers may not place importance on having an objective, many do. An objective helps the employer see that you have direction, that you've thought about what you want to Business Flyer Design Vector do and you have a sense of Letter Technologist, what you are getting into.
Everything on Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock your resume should follow from and support your objective. An objective quickly identifies what you are interested in and assists the employer in making appropriate referrals. State the position you want or the type of work you want to do now. Say: A summer internship in advertising. Do not say: A summer internship in advertising where I can learn about the industry while contributing to the growth and advancement of a cutting edge company.
If you have more than one objective, you may want to tailor separate resumes - each with different objectives. The qualifications summary should state the 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume, expertise you have in a particular function and/or industry and your relevant abilities, skills or knowledge. The summary should not be more than 3-4 lines, 2-3 phrases. You might also want to highlight some of the Brochure Annual Vector, information using bullets. List the institution(s) where you have completed, or will soon complete, your education, with degrees or certifications in reverse chronological order, most recent first. Under specific circumstances you may list schools you attended but at 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume which you did not complete a degree or certification. Write University of Minnesota Duluth without any punctuation - there is not a comma or dash in the official name.
Do not bold. Write out (do not abbreviate) and bold the correct name of your degree. Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector? On the Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format Download, same line as your degree, indicate the month and year you received it or will receive it. You do not need the words, degree, anticipated, or expected. Brochure Template Flyer Annual? Bold the subject names of your major(s) and minor(s). Do not bold the Strikes Back, words Major and Minor. You may list honors and/or coursework under Education or you may create separate sections. Business Template Flyer Design Stock Vector? Study abroad experience may also be listed in this section. List the name of the college or university where you studied, city and country.
You may include a description of your study experience (e.g., names of Office Interior Sketch, courses, field experiences, living with a host family and additional travel). List your grade point average if it is 3.0 or higher and indicate it is on a 4.0 scale. For example, say: 3.3/4.0. If your overall grade point average is Template Vector, not 3.0 but the GPA in your major or your last two years is, you may specify and list it. High school is usually not listed unless you are a freshman or sophomore seeking a summer or part-time position. Experience may include paid and volunteer positions, full- and part-time work, internships and Line Illustration projects. If you have experience directly related to your objective, list it in a category with the specific name of the Business Template Stock Vector, experience, such as Sales Experience, Teaching Experience, Research Experience, or Management Experience. Experience that is not exactly the same as your objective, but still has some relationship to it, may be listed in a Related Experience category. 3+ Application Letter | Driver-Resume? Experience that is not directly related to your objective but shows skills and abilities important to employers may be listed in a category titled Additional Experience. Within each Experience section, begin with the most recent experience. Listings should be formatted with your position title first, in Business Design bold.
Your title should be a noun, something you could call yourself and should give the reader some idea of the Project Checklist Excel, duties in the position. If you don't have a title or your official title doesn't adequately convey what you did, formulate one that does. If you have difficulty coming up with a title and to Business Flyer Annual ensure the title is acceptable, you may want to consult your supervisor in the position. Be careful not to over-inflate the Business Forms Side Company, position (e.g., use Custodian rather than Sanitation Removal Engineer). After your title, list the name of the organization with the city and state. Template Design Vector? Do not bold this information.
Dates should be listed somewhere in the body of Business Forms | East Printing Company, each entry. Business Brochure Design? Be consistent with where and how you list the Business Forms | East Side Printing, dates. Dates should not be listed on a margin. The dates should include only Template Stock, months and Copy years, or just years. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector? For each entry, briefly describe what you did in the position. Use skills statements to describe your experiences by Office Interior Illustration - Image, beginning all lines with action verbs and using outcome/results statements with numbers, quantities and Flyer Annual Stock Vector details to emphasize skills, accomplishments and knowledge. Tailor the description of your experiences to fit the job duties, responsibilities, and qualifications listed in the internship or job posting. Example: Trained, supervised and evaluated 10 employees rather than responsible for supervising employees. Your descriptions may be formatted using bullets or paragraphs; choose one format and Forms | East Company use it for all of Brochure Design Stock, your entries. Use present tense verbs to Sop Assignment 2 refer to the things you are currently doing. Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector? Describe things you have done and | Driver-Resume probably will not do again using past tense verbs.
Do not use the -ing form of the verb. For each entry, list the descriptive statements in the order of importance or relevance to the position you are seeking, not in the order of the Design Stock Vector, frequency of - 8+ Pdf Format, what you did or are doing. The following categories are optional; however, you may want to consider including them if they will strengthen your resume: State References available upon Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector, request as a means of bringing closure and visual balance to the resume. Referring to your references indicates your resume has come to an end and Director Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format there is not a missing page. If there is not enough space on the page, this may be omitted. If you include your references with your resume and cover letter, you may say, References included or References enclosed. Obtain permission from the people whose names you intend to offer as references. These people should be familiar with your academic and/or work abilities.
See additional information about references in this handbook. Include a few lines describing any individual or group work you've completed for classes. List the title of the project first and then the description of Brochure Template Flyer Annual, what you did. Use action verbs and Business | East Side Printing Company results statements as you do in describing entries in Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector your Experience sections. Include research projects, both individual or group, completed for Strikes classes, outside of Brochure Template Design Annual, class on Director - 8+ Word, Download your own, or with a professor (e.g., the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program).
List the title of the research with a description of what you did identifying software, equipment, or techniques. You might also include results and presentations and Business Template publication of results. If you are applying to graduate or professional school, you might also list the name of your research advisor. Honors might include Dean's List for Academic Excellence, scholarships, awards, or special recognition. Of Operations - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format Download? List the exact name of the award and the year it was received. Include licenses and certifications such as teaching license, professional engineering license or tests taken, First Aid, CPR or Water Safety Instructor if they are relevant to your objective. Include publications such as an article you co-authored with a professor or a poem you wrote that was included in an anthology. Brochure Template Stock Vector? List the publication using the appropriate style of your field. Publications can be listed as pending if they have been submitted. Include presentations with title, audience, and Editor Strikes year.
List grants and fellowships with title and granting or employing organization. If you have military training and experience relevant to Business Brochure Annual Stock your objective, include the Disgruntled, training under Education and the experience under Experience. If your military experience is not relevant to your objective, you may include a separate Military section. Include memberships in student groups and local or national organizations. These may also be included under Activities. You may want to list foreign language abilities, special licenses or certifications, computer knowledge, travel experience or other skills related to your objective.
Co-curricular and community activities, especially if they are related to your objective, can be extremely important. Brochure Annual Vector? Participation in Disgruntled Copy Editor activities can point out your leadership and social skills and Business Vector demonstrate your interests and energy level. If you held a leadership position in an organization, list the title of your position first and then the name of the organization. You may list dates, or not; just be consistent for all the Download Management Checklist Excel Excel, entries within the section. List more interesting items and not the more mundane such as reading, walking and cooking. Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector? That's like saying breathing.
Include uncommon or unusual activities to generate interest and make you memorable. Final tip : Always proofread your resume for visual quality, content and typographical or spelling errors. Better yet, have several people proofread your resume. You cannot proofread your own writing and expect to catch all the errors. You are too close to the product and Of Operations Resumes Free Word, because you wrote it, your mind's eye will miss mistakes - you will see what you think you wrote, not what is actually written. Plan ahead. Do not expect to write your best resume overnight. Brochure Vector? Your resume is an essential tool in your job and Download Checklist Template Excel Excel internship search. Make it the best possible! For assistance with your resume, visit the Career and Internship Services website for options.
1. In this section the word resume is used to Brochure Design Stock refer to both the Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes, resume and Business Flyer Stock curriculum vitae (CV).? Duluth, MN 55812. 2017 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved. Privacy Statement.
The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Campus Climate.
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3 tricks to Brochure Design Vector, help kids learn to Side Printing Company, hold their pencil correctly. Pencil grip is Business Template Flyer Stock Vector, one of those things that is really hard to re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly. Disgruntled Editor Strikes Back. Though every child will end up settling on a pencil grip that works best for him or her, introducing the standard #8220;tripod#8221; grasp (pinching with thumb and index finger while resting on middle finger) is a good place to Business Template Annual Stock, start. However, this can seem virtually impossible when you#8217;re dealing with five- and six-year-olds who don#8217;t even know their left from right, let alone how to divide up their fingers into different positions. Given the tricky nature of pencil holding #8212; and Interior Sketch Stock Illustration - Image, its impact on Business Template Flyer kids#8217; handwriting skills #8212; I thought I#8217;d share a few OT-based tricks so you can help kids learn how to hold their pencil correctly. Trick #1: Use shorter pencils. A shorter pencil means less space for cramming in Copy, unnecessary fingers. It basically forces kids to pinch with thumb and Business Template Flyer Design Stock Vector, index finger.
This is why the Project Management Checklist Template popular curriculum Handwriting Without Tears uses their own brand of short pencils, however, golf pencils work just fine, too. It#8217;s also why occupational therapists often have kids use crayons that have been broken in Business Brochure Template Design Annual, half if they are having trouble using an age-appropriate grasp. Click here to read more about Download Project Management Checklist Excel, why kids should use shorter crayons. Trick #2: Teach them the #8220;pinch and flip#8221;. Business Template Flyer Design. If shorter pencils don#8217;t do the trick for Disgruntled Copy Strikes, your little writer, then teach them the #8220;pinch and flip#8221;.
Simply have them pinch the Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock sharpened end of the pencil and 2, then flip it around until it gently rests in the #8220;webspace#8221; (that soft skin between your thumb and index finger) in the ready position. Business Brochure Template Annual Vector. Watch the Office Stock video below for a less-than-one-minute demonstration and explanation of this trick. Trick #3: Have them hide something under their last two fingers. If shorter pencils and Template Flyer Design, the #8220;pinch and flip#8221; don#8217;t work, then try having students hide something under their pinky and ring fingers. These two fingers are supposed to bend toward the palm while the - 8+ Download thumb, index, and middle fingers do all the work. However, sometimes kids have a hard time with this because they can#8217;t yet #8220;separate#8221; the two sides of their hand (the pinky side and Template, the thumb side).
This trick will take care of that. Interior Line Stock. It really doesn#8217;t matter what they hide under their last two fingers, as long as they can comfortably do so without their fingers bulging out from their hand because the item is too big, or having to squeeze too tightly because it#8217;s too small. Try using a small ball of playdough, cotton ball, marble, bead, crumpled piece of tissue paper, or tiny rubbery toy. Remember that, in addition to teaching kids #8220;tricks#8221; for holding their pencil correctly, they also need strong muscles in their hands, shoulders, and even in their core muscles to be able to sit up and write with control. Business Template Design Annual Stock. For fine motor resources you can (legally) download to your computer or print for Management Template, your own use, check out these helpful e-books from OT Mom Learning Activities, packed with practical, ready-to-use activity ideas (affiliate links included for your convenience, disclosure here):
OT Mom#8217;s Fine Motor Bundle (Discounted price on Fine Motor Activities plus Scissor Skills Activities plus FREE Bonus Cutting Template) And for access to all of Business Annual Stock Vector OT Mom#8217;s e-books, check out her Mega Motor Bundle , which includes all of her e-books at a discounted price! Thank you! This was so very helpful. I notice there#8217;s no discussion on adding pencil grips to a pencil for kids who are having difficulties writing. Printing Company. Can you talk a little about Template Flyer Stock Vector, pencil grips? Here#8217;s a link to Download Management Checklist Excel, a post written by a fellow OT that discusses the pros and Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, cons of using pencil grips: http://therapyfunzone.net/blog/pencil-gripspros-and-cons/ My son is 10 yrs old he hold the pencil at the bottom of the lead.all teachers commented his writing is messy some unable to read. What can I do?
Desperatelying need help..do u have any video to help in this? Tq so much. Try this awesome website and blog all about handwriting: http://www.handwritingwithkatherine.com/ Christine Calabrese says. 2. My son#8217;s teacher said we should use the Brochure Template Flyer Design Vector triangular pencils/crayons (my son is 3.8 years). Do you agree or should we try the broken crayons?
He gets frustrated because he said he doesn#8217;t know how to hold crayons. Triangular crayons are great too. Business Forms Printing Company. So are #8220;crayon rocks#8221; which you can find with a Google search. Angie Talamantes says. I forget where I learned this, but I have the child pretend the fingers and thin are riding in a van. Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock. The thumb and index are the adults or mom and dad, and 2, the other fingers are the kids.
The adults sit in the front, and the kids sit in the back. Business Flyer Vector. Mom and dad sit right next to Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, each other and can kiss, but dad doesn#8217;t sit on mom#8217;s lap (as in thumb wrap). Kid#8217;s mostly really like like this, and respond well to it, and show good carry over. I have a question about this. I have always held my pencil with four fingers. They tried to teach me how to do the correct hold in school, but it never worked for me and I assumed that it was because I am left-handed and Brochure Template, I am pushing the pencil instead of Director - 8+ pulling it. Is it bad that I hold pencils/pens incorrectly? Is it harder to do for leftys? Sierra, if your grasp is working for you and you do not experience pain or fatigue, then it is not #8220;wrong#8221;!
I love your blog such helpful stuff! What about a child who hooks her wrist so that it is flexed when writing? Would writing on a slanted surface help? Should this position attempted to be changed because she may fatigue more easily if she continues to write in this position? Or are there other reasons? Please refer me to Brochure Template Flyer Stock, any posts you may have done on this! Thanks so much! Thank you so much for your kind words. Yes, writing on a slanted or vertical surface can place the wrist in 3+ Application For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, a naturally extended position and can help with wrist hooking. How is her pencil grasp and Brochure, is it just the hooking that is the Project Management Checklist Excel problem?
Thank you for your response! Her grasp seems to be ok#8230;only wrist hooking. But additionally, her handwriting is Business Brochure Design Vector, very illegible she displays poor control and inconsistent/inefficient formation of Office Isometric Sketch - Image letters. So would wrist position be a priority to improve in your opinion? A really helpful piece.
I shared it on my blog Smart Owls as this is a subject that many parents ask about. Business Flyer Stock Vector. Thank you so much. Do you have any articles you could direct me to that talk about efficient writing? (I#8217;d take books, too, but articles would be more ideal.) I#8217;m probably going to talk to Business Forms | East Printing, the curriculum person in our school district about why I think we should include how to hold a pencil in kindergarten and need articles for back up. I would check the educational standards for Kindergarten first to see what is mentioned about Brochure Design Stock, expectations for Kindergarteners #038; pencil grasp by the end of the Kindergarten year. If it#8217;s mentioned in the standards, then that should be all you need. A way that taught me how to Copy Editor, hold a pencil correctly as a child is Business Brochure Template Flyer Vector, i used these little rubber molds that slip onto 3+ Application Letter your pens and pencils that were shaped to the form of holding your pencil so it in a way forced you to Flyer Design Vector, hold it properly and Forms Side Printing, after writing like that for Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector, awhile i naturally held them in that manner.
Great post! My son#8217;s OT recommended something called a Handi Writer and it has helped tremendously. Thank you for this, I will be trying these with my (almost) 4 year old son. However, he doesn#8217;t put much pressure on Director Pdf Format the paper while writing so he gets frustrated because it doesn#8217;t look correct. When I help him I talk him through what needs to happen and Business Template Flyer Design Annual, help his hand put more pressure on the paper while he performs the movements. But I#8217;m not sure if I#8217;m hurting or helping him. 3+ Application Technologist. He still goes back and forth between hands when doing anything so I#8217;m not sure if that is part of the reason? And it#8217;s the same whether he is Flyer Stock, writing on a table or vertically against a wall or easel. The utensil (crayon, pencil, dry erase marker, etc) doesn#8217;t seem to make a different either.
He also has a difficult time with using scissors still, always wanting to Editor Strikes Back, keep his thumb down. Huh#8230;all this is interesting, especially your replies. I was told that I hold my pencil incorrectly because it rests on Template Flyer Stock my middle finger and creates an Disgruntled Editor, indent there. I was told that the Business Annual Stock pencil is instead supposed to be pinched between the thumb and Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, the middle/fore fingers. I have never been able to Flyer Design Stock Vector, successfully do that. Perhaps the problem with my tripod grip is just that I hold too tight then? This is helpful for teaching my daughter though because she naturally does tripod and Disgruntled Editor Strikes, I kept trying to get her to pinch it like I was told to do. These are great! My kids seem to be doing alright but I know a lot of moms that have questions.
I#8217;m definitely going to Business Template Annual Stock Vector, send them this link! Do you have an article or link to talk about why proper grip is Sop Assignment 2, so important? I hold my pen the #8220;wrong#8221; way and I remember growing up my mom would try to change my grip. I#8217;ve never understood why it matters. Amber, that is Brochure Flyer Stock, such a great and important question. I also hold my pencil the #8220;wrong#8221; way and actually have vivid memories of my Kindergarten teacher walking over to Office Interior Line Stock Illustration - Image, my table, changing my grip, and walking away#8230;then I switched it back because I liked it better! So here#8217;s the Template Flyer Design deal: we want kids to Of Operations, be able to find a pencil grip that is Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, not only Director Of Operations Resumes Download, comfortable, but EFFICIENT. The traditional tripod (thumb and Business Template Design Stock, finger pinching pencil while middle finger supports it) is often a very efficient grasp.
It allows people to write while using an appropriate amount of pressure (being able to generate enough strength to press down on the paper, but not having to press so hard that they rip the paper or fatigue quickly) and Sop Assignment 2, it also allows them to write without quickly fatiguing. Brochure Template Stock Vector. An #8220;inefficient#8221; grip will cause your hand to Business Side Printing Company, cramp up and your hand muscles to get really tired, so you#8217;ll constantly have to Template Flyer Annual Stock, be taking breaks and shaking out your hand more frequently than if you held the pencil with a more efficient grasp. Since kids are required to do so much writing in Management Template Excel, school, it#8217;s important that they develop an efficient and functional grasp from an early age because it#8217;s really difficult to change it once they#8217;re used to it (I#8217;m a perfect example). For most people, they find a pencil grasp that works for them and that#8217;s the end of it. But for some kids, the grasp they#8217;re using doesn#8217;t work for Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock, them and they end up really struggling in school because of Office Interior Illustration - Image it (they write much slower, their hand fatigues very quickly, etc.). That#8217;s when the grasp is important. Though we are NOT handwriting teachers, OTs can work with kids to Flyer Annual Vector, address the Disgruntled Copy Editor underlying issues related to their handwriting difficulties, and sometimes grasp and fine motor strength are the Business Flyer Design Annual Vector culprits (though sometimes it#8217;s other things). I#8217;m totally with you: there is no #8220;one way#8221; to Project Checklist Template, hold a pencil and, trust me, I have seen some funky pencil grasps that totally work for people. Business Brochure Flyer Design Stock Vector. But it#8217;s all about function, and 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist, we want to start kids off on the right foot so they are setting themselves up for handwriting and school success, rather than forming habits that will be really, really hard to break. Hope this helps!
That totally makes sense. I#8217;ve also noticed that I don#8217;t have particularly neat writing, so I#8217;ve wondered if that was another reason for the traditional tripod grasp (I use my middle two fingers, pressing the pen against my palm, which probably doesn#8217;t give me as much control). So interesting. Brochure Template Flyer Annual. I will also be teaching my boys #8220;proper#8221; grasp because as you said it is nearly impossible to Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, switch once the habit is formed. I think you and I have a similar grasp. I#8217;ve stuck with mine because I like the way my writing looks when I use it, but I am a fairly slow writer compared to others and my hand gets tired pretty quickly, so if I have to Design, write fast or I have a lot to Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Download, write (like during an essay test), I usually switch to tripod. And I also make sure to demonstrate tripod when I#8217;m working with kids, too. Best of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design luck with your boys! these are great! thanks! You#8217;re welcome, I hope they help. Great!
There are great crayons that are similar to what you#8217;re talking about. They#8217;re called #8220;rock crayons#8221; and basically look like little pebbles. Many OT clinics have them and you can easily find them online. Here is one link to Project Management Excel Excel, help you find them on Amazon: http://tinyurl.com/9e9f3ad. I started my daughter out using homemade crayons that are flat-like the heart crayons you see around Valentine#8217;s Day.
Works on the same principle as the short pencils-there is no other way to hold them except for the trippod grasp. Business Template Design Stock Vector. tiny pieces of Disgruntled Copy Back crayon you can only Brochure Template Flyer Stock, hold the right way! Doing fun stuff the right way like beading fine art. We call the correct grip the #8216;three pinching crab#8217; to make it really fun #128521; Yes, we LOVE tiny pieces of crayon!#8230;and chalk, and eraser, and Of Operations Word, Pdf Format, sponge, and tissue paper. This list goes on. And what a cute name. I also tell my daughter to Business Template Vector, #8220;pinch it like a crab#8221; and when she#8217;s hooking her index finger over the pencil (which she always wants to do) I tell her that#8217;s not a crab, that#8217;s a seahorse (because he wraps his tail around the seaweed). I often wonder if it was #8216;better#8217; for teaching grip when Kindergarten age student used the big thick crayons ? What do you think ? Good question. Though it was long thought that fat crayons were ideal for little developing hands so that they could hold them more easily and Sop Assignment, develop skill, we (as in, the therapy and teaching community) are actually finding that fat crayons do just the Business Flyer Design Annual opposite#8230;they don#8217;t challenge kids#8217; tiny hand muscles, so they aren#8217;t able to develop the strength they need in Disgruntled Editor Strikes Back, order isolate those finger and hand muscles to make precise movements needed in pre-writing and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector, writing activities. Think about it: how much hand skill could you develop if you as an 3+ Application For Medical Technologist, adult were coloring or writing with a crayon that was as fat as, say, a paper towel roll? (proportionally speaking #128578; ) I actually wrote a post about this when I first started the blog. You can check it out here: http://mamaot.com/2012/04/22/dont-throw-out-your-broken-crayons/ What about Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, lefties? I have a nephew who is Business Forms | East Printing Company, left handed and Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock, his mama doesn#8217;t quite know how to help him.
Good question. I have worked with lefties and, though every child is different, lefties are capable of 3+ Application For Medical | Driver-Resume using a nice tripod grasp just like righties. Template. Some kids benefit from adding another finger on Director Of Operations Download top of the Business Template Design Annual pencil to stabilize in a #8220;quadrupod#8221; position. Also, if you rotate the paper so the left corner points up, it will make it easier to Director Word, Pdf Format Download, write so he doesn#8217;t feel like he has to write with extreme wrist flexion or by Business Design Stock, raising his hand off the paper. The opposite is true for righties: rotate the paper so the 2 right corner is Template Flyer Annual Stock, pointing up, which most kids do naturally anyway. One last thing: pencil smears less than pen, so pencils make for more legible work for lefties who will naturally drag their hand over their writing. Side Printing. Hope that helps! adria janni says. Thank you for the lefties suggestions. I currently have two 3.5 year olds in my daycare. One is right-handed the other left.
In early September neither could hold pencil correctly and their control of writing/movement was all over Business Brochure Design, the place. I had read your tips about a year ago and Office Isometric Sketch Line Illustration - Image, always remembered them. Didn#8217;t have to use your tips until this September. Let me just say they worked. Now only 6 weeks later both have a much better grasp and loads more control. Business Flyer Design Stock. They are learning to write their names and are quite legible. I draw a tiny #8220;magic#8221; dot on their middle finger where the pencil should rest and they have to hide the dot with the pencil.
Helps keep that finger under rather than on top. Oh, these are so good! I will post them and pin them! The only one I would add or would love your tip as well is that many young children try to write while their hand/arm is suspended above the paper. My tip is offering the idea that #8220;your hand is kind of on vacation when you are drawing/writing so you can just let your hand relax right on Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back the paper!#8221; Cheers. What a cute way to Brochure Template Design Vector, explain it.
That attempt at writing with hand/arm suspended above the paper is actually a developmentally appropriate strategy for little ones (like toddlers) while they are still working on developing strength and control in their wrists and fingers. But kids should start using their wrists more as they progress through preschool and Kindergarten in Download Project Management Template Excel, order to have a #8220;dynamic#8221; grasp. One easy suggestion for helping to Business Design Annual Stock, develop this dynamic wrist movement while grasping the crayon is to Download Project Template Excel, have them engage with vertical surfaces such as coloring on easels, the Template Stock sides of cardboard boxes (could draw a pretend house), using bath tub crayons on the wall during bath time, etc. This will help them start to gain strength and movement while their wrist is Sop Assignment, bent #8220;backward#8221; in extension and will put them well on their way to being strong writers! Thank you for these great tips! I will be showing them to my son. Shared this on Brochure Template Flyer Vector my Facebook page thank you , it#8217;s very helpful. [#8230;] School Lunch Without Tuna: Mercury Policy Project Pushes Department Of Agriculture To Scrap Tuna From Schools3 tricks to help kids learn to hold their pencil correctly Mama OTMama OT [#8230;] [#8230;] 3 tricks to help kids learn to Director Of Operations Resumes, hold their pencil correctly From mamaot.com Today, 10:31 AM Pencil grip is one of Business Design Stock Vector those things that is really hard to re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly. Though every child will end up settling on a pencil grip that works best for him or her, i#8230; Via Carol Leynse Harpold [#8230;] [#8230;] and chopsticks are great for developing hand skills necessary for cutting with scissors and writing with pencils. 3+ Application Letter Technologist. Earlier this week I shared a DIY tutorial on how to make kiddie chopsticks, and I mentioned that [#8230;] [#8230;] Chad Richardson#039;s Blog The Official Translation of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual WineTrixi#039;s HomeEd AcademyVeggie Highlight: All Hail To KaleProbably the most amazing view distance in video gamesChad Richardson#039;s Blog Benefits of a Local Translation CompanyChad Richardson#039;s Blog Localization Services for Software and Forms | East, Technical ContentChad Richardson#039;s Blog How do you say that!3 tricks to help kids learn to Business Brochure Template Annual Vector, hold their pencil correctly Mama OTMama OT [#8230;] [#8230;] their pencil correctly is an issue which comes up frequently so I wanted to share this wonderful blog post from Mama [#8230;] [#8230;] 3 Tricks to Help Kids Learn to Hold Their Pencil Correctly [#8230;] [#8230;] Pencil grip is one of those things that is really hard to re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly.
Though every child will end up settling on a pencil grip that works best for him or her, i#8230; [#8230;] [#8230;] Pencil grip is one of those things that is really hard to re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly. Though every child will end up settling on 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume a pencil grip that works best for him or her, i#8230; [#8230;] [#8230;] Pencil grip is one of those things that is really hard to re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly. Though every child will end up settling on a pencil grip that works best for him or her, i#8230; [#8230;] [#8230;] Pencil grip is one of those things that is really hard to Business Template Flyer Stock, re-teach if kids initially learn it incorrectly. Of Operations - 8+ Free Pdf Format. Though every child will end up settling on Business Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector a pencil grip that works best for him or her, i#8230; [#8230;]
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copper sunrise essay Last updated: 22/January/2012. For over Brochure Template Annual Vector, 16 years this book has been made available in various versions on The Skeptic Tank, and through those years a number of people have stolen this important work, altered and redacted it and sold it as their own. Here at this web site is the original work, complete and uncensored. This work is 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist copyrighted by Fredric L. Rice (that's me, the owner of The Skeptic Tank web site) and this book represents a considerable effort on my part, first having lived on the fringes of Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, society for many years before going straight, and Sop Assignment 2 secondly for having spent a great many hours perfecting and maintaining this book. If you find it of value to you in your efforts to disappear, I wish you the best of luck, my efforts to Business Brochure Template Flyer, provide this book has accomplished what I had hoped for. Interior Sketch Line Stock! If not, do not be surprised since it is difficult to disappear in an country where overwhelming surveillance of an Annual Stock Vector increasingly-invasive Police State is Copy Editor Strikes Back quickly making disappearing without a trace utterly impossible. What you will find here is information on how to disappear in America, the book does not offer any moral judgment on why you may want to disappear, whether your motives are benign or evil. What this book does condemn is Business Flyer Design Vector people who attempt to Director Resumes Pdf Format Download, disappear, hide out, acquire new identities and attempting to take their children with them. Life on the street or in hiding from people, I have seen, is often more detrimental to children dragged along by a parent or parents than whatever circumstances motivated the Business Template Flyer Design Stock, de sire to disappear. Before you begin, take with you my hope that you improve your circumstance, that you harm no one, that you evolve from whatever your current circumstances are in to a better place.
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If you're thinking of hiding from Download Project Checklist a moral responsibility -- such as child support -- I want you to stop reading this right now and shoot yourself. This web page isn't for you. If you're thinking about committing a crime and then trying to get away with it, don't be an idiot: you will get caught -- it's just a matter of when -- and nothing on this web page can possibly help you. If you're thinking of Business Template Flyer Stock Vector, running from an Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume abusive ex-husband or ex-boyfriend who wishes to Business Brochure Flyer Design Vector, do you harm, I wish you the very best and hope that some of Sop Assignment 2, these suggestions and contact references prove helpful though most of it, I'm afraid, is probably unworkable, silly suggestions that won't help you one bit. If you're thinking about taking your children with you, DON'T!
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While there are many shelters for women, finding a shelter for yourself and your children if you are a man is going to be difficult. References provided toward the end of the essay should be helpful in Download Checklist Template, this regard yet understand that if you're a man fleeing spousal abuse, America just doesn't care too much about you. A man still has many options, however, yet, in Business Template Flyer Design Vector, America, there are fewer than for a woman. Women who make allegations of child abuse against their husbands, ex-husbands, or ex-boyfriends are likely to 3+ Application Letter, be considered truthful in American society in far greater percentages than such claims made by Business Brochure Design men against their female counterparts. Sop Assignment! A man who must take himself and Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual his children away from an abusive female is likely to | East Side Printing Company, be accused of child abuse and Brochure Design Annual Stock American society is Business Side Printing Company likely to believe the allegations. Because of this, whether you're a man or a woman, protect yourself from such allegations by documenting abuses before you flee to a shelter with your children. Business Flyer Design! Once at the shelter, make sure that a service worker at the shelter is given a copy of (or a chance to review) your documentation. Of Operations Resumes Word, Download! It's greatly unfortunate that you will have to face legal needs when you're trying to escape from a criminally abusive person but legalities is something you must be prepared to face before you make your break. The fact that you took yourself to a children's shelter or a battered-woman's shelter goes a long way toward establishing your innocence in allegations likely to surface later. Women are assigned priority status when it comes to such things. If you are a man fleeing an abusive woman, understand that whatever you tell the Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector, authorities (or organizations which provide assistance) will be greeted with undue skepticism.
Check the references at Sop Assignment the end of this essay for organizations which specifically assist men. Section 2: Understand who or what you're hiding from. You should consider the resources of the individual or organization which you're hiding from as well as their degree of motivation for Design, finding you. Always over-estimate the resolve of those seeking to Sop Assignment 2, find you yet keep your estimations reasonable. Greatly over-estimating your opposition can cause you to Template Flyer Design Stock, behave in predictable, patterned ways, however. It is the predictability of your actions based upon Management Checklist, your opposition's controlled stimulus which can get you caught. If your opposition are police authorities, rest assured that they have decades of Business Brochure Design Annual Stock, experience to back them up whereas to them, you're nothing more than another faceless fugitive on the run. To them you're no one special; it's not usually personal (unless you've killed a cop in Sop Assignment 2, which case they will get you -- and I hope you'll have an accident on the way to the police station.) To you, however, being hunted down is quite personal. They know how you will feel and Business Brochure Flyer Vector will use that against you.
If you've entered the United States illegally to start a new life, (or are planning to) you must contend with immigration officials which have historically been under-staffed, poorly-managed, and 2 staffed by incompetent (though often voraciously brutal) thugs -- high school dropouts -- who only want to carry a gun but couldn't make it in the police force. Unlike police officers, immigration officials didn't get into Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual their line of work to Office Interior Sketch, help people; they got into their line of work to keep you out Business Template Design Stock Vector, of the country and to track you down and Sop Assignment 2 throw you out Business Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector, if you do get in. Their desire is to subject you to their control, feeding their power trips, making themselves feel manly. Unlike police officers, they aren't out to Pdf Format Download, help society, they're out to inflict misery upon the hapless and the down-trodden. I mention this because you must understand who your opposition is when you go on the run and try to Brochure Template Annual, hide. The objective is for you to disappear and start a new, normal life somewhere else. Illegal immigrants face the exact same problems that those who wish to Download Checklist Excel, become anonymous in America face.
The house wife who's been beaten into the hospital too many times faces the same problems which illegal wet backs face. The opposition, however -- those detailed to finding the house wife -- are quite different than those trying to Template Annual Vector, find a cop killer. Know who'll be out looking for you when you run and hide. The resources of your opposition will dictate greatly your behavior and decisions. If you're running from an abusive ex-husband or ex-wife, think of Of Operations, what their resources are and Business Stock determine whether you should stay in the same State or whether you should leave the country entirely. If at Download Excel all possible, plan your escape as much in advance as possible and work to Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, limit your opposition's resources. This mean that you clean-out bank accounts if you can and you destroy all vehicles the opposition has easy access to so that they may not be used to track you down. (And they can't be sold to Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back, finance private investigators to look for you.) You destroy said vehicles in a safe and non-violent way, by the way; you don't want to hurt anyone and thus strengthen the Brochure Template Flyer Vector, resolve of the authorities. Total destruction of automobiles can be accomplished easily enough:
Add long-grain rice to Letter For Medical, the car's radiator fluid. If you've been a house wife for Vector, decades, you may not know that much about cars so here's what you look for: Pop the hood of the Download Project Excel Excel, car. There will be a lever somewhere above the Business Design Annual Vector, feet of the driver's side of the car or, in older models, a lever is 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist provided under the leading edge of the hood. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Vector! Some hoods will stay open on their own whereas others have a rod mounted in the engine compartment that's used to hold the 3+ Application Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume, hood up. The lever might even say Hood release. Remove the radiator filler cap if the engine is cold. (Opening the cap with the Business Brochure Design Annual Vector, engine hot can get you badly burned. The fluid can start to boil once the pressure is relieved and spray all over you.
The fluid will be quite painful resulting in first and second-degree burns. It's not likely to Management Checklist Excel, be disfiguring but if you accidentally burn yourself, you can very well go ahead with your plan to Business Flyer Stock, escape however your mind might be focused entirely upon the pain and not upon Office Interior Stock, escape. With the engine cold you don't have to worry about Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock, getting burned.) The cap can be found easily enough. Look for a cap with a small lever on it.
Some radiator caps don't have levers, I'll add, but they'll be a standard size and Download Project Management Excel Excel shape. The cap will be mounted either in the center of the radiator or, usually, to Template Design Annual Vector, the right. 2! There will often be a notice on it saying something like Pressure Test to 13-18 Pounds -- at least in the United States they do. The cap is removed by lifting up the small lever on the top of the cap and turning counter-clockwise. Business Brochure Design Annual Stock Vector! If there's no lever, press down and Sop Assignment 2 turn counter-clockwise. It often only takes about a half turn before you can pull up the cap and Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector remove it. Add as much long-grain rice as possible. The insides of the radiator will greatly affect the Director Of Operations Resumes Free Word,, amount of rice you can add. If it looks like you must, poor in some rice and Brochure Template Annual Stock use your fingers to move the rice around inside the radiator. Then add more. Try to add as much rice as possible since what you're aiming for is a horribly clogged radiator and badly damaged engine.
As you're adding rice, fluid will slop out. Don't worry about Project, that for now. Replace the cap. You'll have to lift the small lever on Business Brochure Template, the cap (if there is one) then set the cap in Of Operations, place, turn clockwise until it stops turning, and Business Brochure Annual Vector then release the cap's lever, pushing it down if it doesn't automatically go down. Close the Copy Editor, hood. Depending upon the amount of rice you added and the fluid level of the radiator before you began, you may have a pool of radiator fluid on the ground which, since it's usually a bright green, can be seen.
Someone could see that pool, pop the hood, notice spilled grains of rice, and know that they've been processed. They're not likely to Template Flyer Design Annual, run the engine with rice in Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume, the radiator -- something you want them to do so that they'll destroy their engine by warping the Flyer Annual Stock Vector, head. Office Interior Isometric Sketch! So get a hose and wash the evidence away before your opposition can see it. Add dirt and Business Brochure Flyer sand to the engine's crankcase. Open the hood and Business Forms | East Printing find the cap which covers the oil filler tube and Template Flyer Design Vector remove the cap. (The location of the oil cap is far too different on cars to describe where to locate it.) You may find a notice which indicates the oil filler cap. Such a notice might say something like Use only Business Printing, SAE 30 or Use only SAE 10-40. Add as much sand and Flyer Design Annual gravel as possible. This will rest in the valve cover until the Sketch Illustration, engine is Template Flyer Annual started. As the engine is run, some parts of it will not get oil -- oil which is Sop Assignment 2 used for both lubrication as well as cooling.
Worse still: ground-down particulates will work its way around the Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, entire engine eventually ruining it until it just stops. The traditional way to Interior Isometric Sketch Line Stock Illustration - Image, destroy a car quickly has become somewhat difficult now that most cars have locking gas caps. Still, if you have access to the car's keys (which you might if you're running from an abusive spouse) get yourself a funnel and add a pound of sugar to the car's gas tank. Brochure Annual Stock Vector! The sugar will disperse in 3+ Application | Driver-Resume, solution and caramelize in the guts of the engine when it's burned with the air/fuel mixture. That'll kill the car for sure and will do the job quickly. Template Stock! Note that adding too much sugar could simply clog the fuel outlet line which, while it damages the Download Checklist Excel, car and requires extensive repair to clear, won't kill the car out totally -- that's your objective, remember, since you're working to limit the resources of your opposition. NOTE added July, 2005: Sugar in the gasoline tank does not work well and it's something of an urban legend. The suggestion is covered in a number of classic books such as Edward Abbey's The Monkeywrench Gang however actual experimentation proves that sugar added to a gas tank doesn't do enough damage.
It has been suggested that other substances added to Design Vector, a gas tank might cause serious damage, such as pancake syrup and other sweateners however there is no good scientific data available anywhere that I'm aware of that provides any evidence that such substances work. In the Download Excel, end, perhaps the Business Annual Stock Vector, best way to destroy a vehicle that might be used to come after you is to drape a blanket over 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume, the vehicle, dump a gallon of gasoline on it, and throw on a burning object from a relatively safe distance. Alternatively experimentation with putting clothes soaked in gasoline in a pile under vehicles and Design Stock Vector then setting the clothes on fire has met with success in - 8+ Word, Pdf Format, the United States so that's an option. But take care: Gasoline doesn't burn; the fumes mixed with oxygen in the air is what burns. After gasoline soaked cloth is set in Brochure, a location, fumes will build and if yo strike a match anywhere within the volume of asperated fuel, it will go BANG! And you don't want to be inside that volume when it ignites. Also take care: Arson should be a last resort because it's considered to be a violent and dangerous crime. Ask yourself wether your life is in danger or whether your child's life is in danger and whether burning the vehicle is Disgruntled Strikes Back what's absolutely required to Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector, safeguard your life or the life of your children. If the Interior Sketch Line Illustration, answer is No, just don't do it. Another important aspect of running from a spouse or boy/girlfriend: If they have firearms, think about getting them. If you are comfortable handling any firearms your opposition might have which you feel could be used against you, acquire them and -- if they're small hand guns -- deposit them in a postal box as soon as you can.
The postal box on the end of any business district street is fine and it doesn't matter that it's close to your house or apartment that you're fleeing. Assuming you're a housewife with little to no experience with guns: Remove the firearm from its drawer, night stand, or under the bed or the Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, closet making sure that you keep your hands and fingers away from the Download Management Template Excel, trigger. Nearly all firearms will not discharge if you keep your fingers away from the trigger. All firearms require the weapon to be either cocked before it will discharge else one must use a fairly heavy pull on the trigger to both cock and fire the weapon. If a weapon has been cocked, it could be that even the Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector, slightest pressure -- some three pounds or less -- could discharge the weapon. Forms! For this reason, keep your fingers away from the trigger! Always be fully aware of where the Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector, barrel of the firearm is pointing. Keep it pointed in a direction which will not result in Download Management Checklist Excel Excel, injury of yourself or anyone else in the event the gun discharges.
Ground-floor apartment dwellers should point the firearm down. Other-floor apartment dwellers should point the firearm at the television, book-shelves, radiator, heater, or air conditioner -- anything heavy which would stop the bullet if the firearm discharges. Most apartment complexes' walls and Business Brochure Template most residential houses' walls are too thin to 2, stop most of the Flyer Design Annual Stock, popular projectiles. If you know what to do, clear the weapon. Project Excel! If you don't know what to do or are uncomfortable clearing the weapon, don't try it. In revolvers, there is a round cylinder which you can see has a number of Business Flyer Annual, tubes inside. You should also be able to see some of the bullets in the cylinder if it is loaded.
On revolvers, one must usually pull a long metal pin resting under the Interior Isometric, length of the barrel before the round cylinder will swing out to the left. In some revolvers, after pulling the pin out until it stops, one must also pull back the Template Flyer Annual Vector, hammer before the cylinder will swing out. Stock Illustration - Image! With an eye toward where the barrel is pointing at all time, clear the Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector, weapon by swinging the weapon's barrel up. Sop Assignment! The bullets should slide down toward the floor and into Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Vector your hand. If not, having the cylinder swung open makes the weapon safe enough to transport to Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, a postal box. In semi-automatics, there is Business Template Flyer Design ammunition stored in the handle of the gun inside of a removable clip. There is Download Management Excel usually a lever at the base of the Flyer Design, handle which, when pressed, releases the clip.
The clip may not slide out on Office Interior Sketch Stock Illustration - Image, its own in which case you must press the Business Brochure Annual Vector, lever and pull the Resumes Free Pdf Format, clip out using both hands. On some semi-automatics, there is Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual no lever but there is a screw which one must turn. Even after removing the clip from Disgruntled Copy Editor Back a semi-automatic or swinging the Business Brochure Flyer Stock Vector, cylinder out a revolver, the weapon should not be considered safe. Letter For Medical! Check to see if there is Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector a round chambered in the barrel. In a revolver, with the cylinder swung out, it will be easy to see if the barrel has a bullet chambered. In a semi-automatic, the way to check to make sure there's no round in Business Forms | East Side, the chamber is Brochure Template Flyer Annual -- after the clip is removed -- to pull back the cocking mechanism to eject any chambered round. If there is, a bullet will be ejected to your right and behind you a few feet so don't be surprised when it does. After clearing the Of Operations - 8+ Pdf Format, weapon, you should have a gun that either has the cylinder swung open or the cocking mechanism locked open.
Most semi-automatics will lock open when the last round is emptied from the gun yet many will not lock open. When you can, deposit the safely-emptied firearm in a postal box. If you couldn't clear the weapon, go ahead and Brochure Template Design Annual Vector deposit the firearm in a postal box anyway. Leaving the Download Management Excel, firearm in Brochure Flyer Design Annual, a visibly-safe state will make it easier on the postal employee who runs into the firearm when he or she empties the postal box you drop it into. I suggest routing any firearms which might be used against Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume you to the postal service because postal employees have standing orders not to touch what may be evidence and to contact the police. (The letters and Business Brochure Design Stock Vector boxes taken from the Download Management Template Excel, postal box will also be subjected to several day's -- if not weeks -- delays as they are checked and the origination and destination addresses checked. Because of that, you shouldn't deposit any letters you might feel to write in the same box as they will be delayed.) The police will keep any firearm you deposit into a postal box for a long, long time, perhaps even destroying it even though it's not been used in Business Brochure Design Annual Vector, a crime.
The fact that you are missing will mean that the firearm will not be returned to Project Checklist, your abusive spouse or boy/girlfriend to be used against you. More: In many States the right to purchase another firearm will be either revoked or denied until the disposition of your whereabouts is ascertained. Dropping your opposition's firearms into a postal box will effectively transfer ownership to the police and de-claw your opposition greatly. Private detective agencies don't usually operate for Business Template Annual Vector, free. If your opposition has no financial resources to draw upon, they are limited to a great extent. If you're a criminal, they'll still use the police agencies of the country to track you down, of course, at which point it's simply a matter of time before they find you. If you're not on the run for a criminal act, police authorities will have no reason to try to find you and, lacking private detective services, your opposition will be working alone. If you're running from the IRS, know that your opposition has unlimited resources and, depending upon how much money you owe, a broad spectrum of motivation for Sop Assignment 2, finding you. If you're running from the criminal law, you should know that you will eventually get caught regardless of what measures you take to Brochure Template Flyer Annual, hide yourself. It's only a question of time before they find you. In summary, stay motivated and work to reduce both the motivation and the financial avenues of your opposition.
Know who your opposition is and what they'll likely employ to find you. Work to reduce the effectiveness of what your opposition is Sop Assignment likely to do to Template Design, find you. If your opposition has weapons which could be used against you, give them to the police by Checklist Excel Excel using the post office. Section 3: Throw away yourself and build a new you. Before you go to ground, destroy as much of the Business Template Flyer Annual, old you as possible. Download Template Excel Excel! You want to go beyond making yourself disappear: You want to make it seem as if you never existed. This means that you should do as much of the following as possible before and Business Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector after you disappear: Destroy all photographs you have access to Letter Technologist, before you disappear. This includes family volumes of Business Template Design Annual Vector, photographs that family members have.
Your family members may or may not be supportive and hand over Resumes Word,, (to your opposition) all of their photographs of you depending upon your situation. Your family could be forced to support your opposition through threat of law or through physical violence. If you destroy all photographs of you, they can't be shown around gas stations and quick food stops. If at all possible, your opposition should be reduced to passing out artist renditions of Template Vector, you. Even if you have police mug shots on file or have a drivers license photograph on file, it's still a good idea to limit the 2, availability of Business Brochure Stock, photographs. - Image! Make the opposition use old photographs rather than up-to-date photographs if you can.
Discard all your worldly possessions except cash. Most importantly destroy and Business Annual discard all of your credit cards! The instant you use a credit card or an ATM bank card while on Disgruntled Strikes Back, the run is the instant the Flyer Annual, authorities or private investigators know where you are. Before you run you should empty all bank accounts anyway. Gas debit cards can also be used to find you. Checklist Excel! Telephone calling cards can be used to find you. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector! In fact, any magnetic card with your name or the name of someone you know can and will be used to Editor Strikes Back, find your general area. Destroy them all. If the Business Design, FBI, DEA, BATF, CIA, or any number of Download Management Excel Excel, other agencies are involved in searching for you, they can pinpoint your location within minutes of you using a magnetic card. Don't even think about hanging onto Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, a credit card or other type of magnetic card for an emergency.
You might think about maxing-out your cards then converting what you purchase to Sop Assignment 2, quick cash. but don't take cards with you! What you don't have can't tempt you to give your location away. When you're cold and hungry you will be tempted to use any cards you keep so destroy them before that happens. Purchase clothes you normally wouldn't consider wearing and put them on in a place where you won't be observed. Cut your old clothes into Brochure Design Annual pieces and flush them down the toilet -- you don't want your old clothes to Office Isometric Stock, be found. Business Brochure Template Design! (O.
J. Download Project Management Checklist Template Excel Excel! Simpson probably discarded the shoes and clothes he wore when he probably murdered two people by depositing them into an airport trash can. Brochure Flyer Annual Stock! Don't rely on blind luck to save you like he probably did: Destroy your old clothes and flush them!) Abandon your car. Don't bother driving your car into a lake or an ocean. Office Interior Isometric Sketch Line Stock Illustration - Image! They can be seen from helicopters or, at minimum, fresh tracks left in the mud surrounding lakes can be spotted from the air easier than by people from the ground. Since you're giving up an asset, make giving it up work for Design Annual, you. Abandoning your car in a place where you feel confident it will be stripped and Download Project Management Checklist sold by Business Template Annual thieves is a good idea yet you're left with having to walk out of a probably dangerous neighborhood.
Leave the pink slip of the Download Project Checklist Excel, car in the glove box to Template Stock, make it easier for thieves to chop and sell your abandoned car. Leave a door unlocked so they don't have to 3+ Application For Medical | Driver-Resume, break a window. You want the car to be taken in mass rather than picked apart on the street where a cop will spot it so it's best that you leave the key in the ignition while you're at it. Before you walk away from your car, leave the Business Brochure Flyer Design, engine running, in fact, so that a thief will feel more comfortable stealing it. You could make it look like you're just running into a store to buy something quickly. Don't use a taxi service any time you're fleeing. Sop Assignment 2! Taxi drivers and Brochure Flyer Vector their dispatcher will take records of everyone picked up and Interior Isometric Sketch Illustration - Image dropped off and often taxi drivers will be able to recall your description to match you to your destination. If you look like you're running from Brochure Template Vector something, their memory of you will be even sharper.
Purchase another car. 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume! In America one can slap down $300.00 and buy a pile of junk with no questions asked and no identification needed. If the seller has the Business Template Annual Stock Vector, pink slip and a key, you buy it if it's cheap and doesn't have anything a cop might consider stopping you for a safety violation. Make sure that the Sop Assignment 2, back license plate has a current registration and that the exhaust doesn't visibly smoke. Business Vector! Make sure the turn indicators are working and that you have headlights. Make sure the windshield has no cracks. Broken or missing break lights are often used as an excuse by Forms Company police officers to pull over suspicious cars so make sure that the Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, break lights are working. Don't do something stupid and buy a stolen car!
If there's no pink slip and no ignition key, don't buy it. Match the Forms | East Side Company, VID number on the pink slip to the VID number on the metal plate usually mounted on the dash board under the windshield wipers. Business Brochure Template Stock! Match the license plate number. If one or both don't match, don't buy the car: the license plate could be stolen or the car could be stolen or both. Don't borrow a friend's car. Don't even think about borrowing a family member's car. There are cameras situated along America's highways and, while I don't know their resolving capabilities, I think it's likely that the make and model of cars streaming past them can be made.
Even if they can't resolve your car, a borrowed car is a known avenue of 3+ Application For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, your escape so avoid it. You might consider a street motorcycle, in fact, since they're as mobile as one can get without using a horse. Motorcycles, however, draw more police attention to them if they look chopped and Template fast. Business Forms Side Printing Company! Your personal appearance on a motorcycle can help deduct from any suspicion that is a normal part of riding a motorcycle in America. A suit and tie might be a good idea: Mr.
Business Man or Ms. Business Woman clothes and appearance might help. Don't fill up your newly-acquired car with any of your personal belongings. If you get stopped by Business Template Design a cop or a cop drives by you, you don't want it to look like you're packed up to the ceiling with all your worldly possessions. You need to discard everything you own and don't let it show that you're doing anything other than commuting to or from work. Even if the cop doesn't stop you, if word gets around that you've gone missing, the cop is more likely to remember a stuffed car than all the countless cars simply commuting. They'll match your profile against your description and may recall the general -- if not the exact -- type of car you may be driving. If you want to escape notice of the cops, you need to blend in.
Cops work off of profiles: They are trained to Letter For Medical Technologist, spot the unusual as well as how to spot individuals fitting a variety of profiles. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector! Someone on Business Side Printing, the run fits several profiles. You want to fall out of the net and slip through the typical police profiles. A cup of coffee on the dashboard in front of Flyer Annual Stock Vector, a guy or gal wearing work clothes arouses no suspicions. You're on your way to work, not running from Sop Assignment someone. Don't studiously avoid catching a cop's eye, by the way. Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector! Lean back in Office Interior Illustration - Image, your seat, left arm on the window sill, right hand on the steering wheel at the 6:00 O'Clock position. Take a sip of your coffee, water, or Diet Coke every now and then, and try to act like you're a mindless commuter getting from point A to point B with the rest of the lemmings. You're not frightened that you'll get stopped. You're not anxious of what will happen when your wife or boyfriend discovers you've left. You'll need to adopt a carefree attitude and outward composure.
If you're an illegal alien, you should be thinking about joining the work force and becoming a productive member of your new society, not thinking about the friends and family you might have left behind. Cops, immigration, and everyday people can smell your anxiety and fear so you'll want to focus on the positive aspects of why you're on Brochure Flyer Stock, the run. Don't run from the cops in Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download, a car or motorcycle! If you're in a car or on Brochure Template Design Stock, a motorcycle, pull over, stop, turn the Letter For Medical, engine off, and show your hands. If you like, get out and Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector run. (More on bailing out of cars and Side Printing Company running later.) The worse thing you can do is try to run with your car. Not only will you kill someone, the police will be very motivated to do what it takes to stop you before you do kill someone. In America that includes pulling along side you and popping you with Mr.
Shotgun. If you're driving 120 through the streets of Los Angeles, you become a fatal threat and Flyer Design Stock will be handled with fatal force. Don't think that you and your car can get away! You can't. These days nobody can. Believe it. You can't outrun radio or helicopters and the police aren't just going to go away. Spike strips will puncture your tires and slow you down even more. (Eventually there will be devices deployed which will destroy an engine's ignition system, operated through a remote-control radio link.) These days nobody gets away and Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download you are a dangerous fool to try it in America. Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector! Believe it.
Don't tell anyone where you're planning to go or what you're planning to do. Download Project Management Excel! For as long as possible, don't ask friends for Business Brochure Flyer Design Stock, help or shelter -- most of Director Resumes Free Word, Download, all never ask family members! Don't telephone anyone to say good bye. Don't have any contact with friends or family! Police authorities will monitor their residential lines and Brochure Template Flyer Annual private investigators can easily tap loop-start residential lines with not much more than two pieces of equipment costing all of $200.00 each. Leave town. Don't go to any place you've talked about or stated a desire to visit. Don't run to any place predictable. Don't hide in a city or town you've ever been to or contains known family members. Don't do something obviously stupid like running to Director Of Operations Download, Las Vegas or Hollywood. If you're taking children out of an abusive family, leave town and go immediately to a shelter in another State -- preferably a State which has laws which help to protect battered men or women from their ex-spouses or live-ins. (References provided toward the Business Brochure Flyer, end of this essay.)
Alter your buying habits. When you throw your old self away, you need to discard as many predictable patterns as possible. One of the most common mistakes when hiding is 3+ Application Letter | Driver-Resume maintaining old habits. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design! If you're a smoker, stop. If you don't smoke, start. If you enjoy hot and spicy foods, stop purchasing those items and change to mild foods. If you frequent bars, stop. This may seem an unusual step but you're working toward disappearing, right? Patterns are predictable. Break them. There is the possibility that in the future people may be identifiable by their purchasing habits.
Granted the point-of-sale data collected by computers would need to be immense yet eventually pattern-recognition software may some day be able to provide authorities with perhaps 100 of the best possible hits on people matching your known buying habits. 2! When -- if ever -- that becomes a reality, you can be sure you won't know about it until it's shown on cable television. By that time the technology will have been in use for years and you may end up on a list of possible matching a purchase profile. It's best to avoid going to McDonnald's or other fast food places if you have a habit of doing so. Business Brochure Template! When spotted in a city the authorities will divide and eliminate sections of the city. Director - 8+ Pdf Format Download! If you like certain fast food places and they know this, they will keep an eye out for you in those areas. Template Design Stock Vector! These places also have been installing cameras which watch over Project Template Excel Excel, the counter and the eating areas -- cameras you can't see and cameras you can see. This is also true of many drive-through areas as well though the camera angle is usually covered up by a one-way concave mirrored surface. Section 4: Keep from depositing traces of yourself. Every place you go, you inadvertently leave pieces of yourself.
Every article of Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock, clothing, every door knob, every carpet, every telephone, every toilet seat you use will contain pieces of you. Interior Line Stock Illustration - Image! Your skin is flaking off all the time. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector! You need to decide whether there is Director Of Operations - 8+ Free Word, Download a risk of the authorities or private investigators looking for you tracking you through your blood type or DNA (which can be worked-up by Business Brochure Template Design Stock using pieces of your hair.) After you weigh the risks, take the precautions you deem are needed. Wear a hat indoors. Wearing a hat in a hotel room won't remove the Copy Editor Strikes Back, probability of you leaving hair follicles in the room yet it will reduce the number of such particles making finding evidence difficult. Cutting your hair until it's real short will also help. And that's what you want to Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock, do: Limit the amount of physical evidence which can be used to track you. Use toilet seat protectors -- so-called Ass Gaskets -- where they are provided to reduce the Interior Isometric Line - Image, possibility of Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock, leaving skin, sweat, or other body fluids on the seat. 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume! These substances can be swabbed into glass vials and be used to identify you.
Paper seat covers will either eliminate this problem else reduce it greatly. NEVER lick an envelope or a stamp for obvious reasons! If it is Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector known you're in Office Isometric Sketch Line Illustration, a particular city your general location can be inferred by the physical location of your correspondence in Business Stock, a stack collected by the postal authority. You shouldn't mail anyone anything unless it's done so anonymously (wear gloves when handling paper) yet if you feel the need, remember that if you lick something and it leaves your control, you may as well take out an advertisement in the newspapers broadcasting your general location. Don't leave blood, semen, or menstrual discharge behind you as you run. If you happen to Director Of Operations Free Word,, spill your blood on Business Flyer Design Stock Vector, something, there's not a damn thing you can do to get it cleaned-up so you may as well not expend the effort to try. Even if you were to Download Project Management Template, clean it up entirely and then wash everything down with gasoline, there are substances which can spot minute traces of blood and technologies which can type extremely minute traces. Even burning the building down to the ground is pointless: Spill your blood and you've left a clue you can't retract at any cost. Stock Vector! Don't even try as you make it worse by spending time trying.
Wipe every surface in your hotel before you leave. Director - 8+ Pdf Format! For good measure, wipe every surface in any bathroom you may use along the road. Keep in mind that you need to use soap and water when you wipe away your fingerprints and Business Template Flyer Annual skin tissue otherwise you'll only leave a bunch of smudges which can be reconstructed using contemporary computer imaging technologies. Toss your wiping materials down the Download Project Management Excel, toilet. (If you're on Template Flyer Annual Stock, an airplane, don't toss anything down the toilet as it goes to a holding tank which can be raked for Sop Assignment, evidence later. Carry-out your wiping papers with you inside your shirt under an armpit and flush them in a normal toilet when you can. (Note: Visible bulges under your shirt will be considered by flight attending employees to be indicating the real possibility that you're smuggling drugs. If you must hide a lot of wipe materials, you should distribute them among your body to eliminate bulges, otherwise you may be escorted to a little white room and made to strip. Business Flyer Design Annual Vector! When they find you're hiding damp paper towels, you'll have some explaining to do.)
Be sure to wipe everything including things you didn't touch! Scientifically-controlled testing shows that people touch objects without realizing it or being able to recall having touched them. The only way to be absolutely certain you remove finger prints from Disgruntled Copy Strikes everything you touch is to clean everything within reach. By the way: Rubbing alcohol is pretty good at getting up the Business Brochure Template Annual Stock, natural oils which comprise the majority of your fingerprints so perhaps before you run you should acquire a bottle and keep it with you. Before you leave your hotel room, hang the Director - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format Download, please make-up this room as soon as possible sign on the door handle, taking care not to leave your prints on the sign. You want the room vacuumed, cleaned, and Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector touched by hotel employees as soon as possible. Don't wear gloves where you can be seen yet do wear gloves when you won't be seen. Don't eat in 2, restaurants.
Your drinking glasses and eating utensils will contain pieces of you. Fast-food places without cameras are okay provided you be sure to take the food with you and can flush paper down a toilet. If you eat at a fast-food place and Business Brochure Flyer Vector discard of your trash in the trash bin, you're leaving a trail behind you. (It's a difficult trail to follow, granted, yet still a trail.) Don't forget that most fast-food places and mini-markets these days will videotape you. Even the Project Management Checklist Template Excel Excel, smallest stores usually run continual videotape of everyone who enters, leaves, and stands in the check-out line. Don't look for the cameras; notice where they are not and Flyer Design then focus on that spot. Turning your head up to look at a camera changes the shadow and contrast attributes of the video shots of Download Management Excel, you drastically so, as you enter a shop, keep you face down and Business Template Flyer Annual Stock look at spots where you off-handedly know cameras are not mounted. Business Forms Printing! (In fact, practice becoming aware of where visible cameras are. Lately cameras are becoming invisible so eventually you'll never know where they are. You can learn where cameras are usually located, however. Learning the location of cameras you can see will tell you a lot about the possible locations of cameras you won't see.)
Contemporary computer imaging software can take multiple video shots of Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual, you from different camera angles and Download Project Management Excel combine them in extraordinary ways. Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock! Poor quality video shots of Copy Editor Strikes Back, differing contrasts, brightness, and angles can be processed on a computer to yield good quality photographs of you. Your job is to Brochure Stock, limit the number and attributes of raw video shots taken of you. This is a damn difficult thing to Sop Assignment 2, do, of Design Annual Vector, course. Section 5: Keeping yourself hidden.
Running is the easiest part. Download Management Checklist Template Excel! Hiding is Template Vector a bit harder. Staying hidden is the difficult part. The difficulties are determined by the resolve and resources of those hunting you. Disgruntled Strikes! If the government wants to find you, they will unless you are willing to sacrifice everything.
If you run to the hills, satellites can see you and identify the type and color of the Template Flyer Stock, automobile you're driving. If you've hidden yourself in a cabin, your thermal signature will be seen from Download Checklist Template Excel satellites. Even if you drive to a road and abandon your vehicle and walk to a cabin 30 miles away, a body heat source in a cabin in the desert or in the woods with no corresponding automobile heat source can signal where you are. Brochure Template Design Annual Vector! It's suspicious. Satellites can bounce LASER light off of your windows and, by Office Interior Isometric Sketch - Image measuring the minute distance differences between a vibrating window and Business Template Design Annual Vector the satellite, reconstruct your speech -- from orbit! I don't know how much this process costs yet it was demonstrated for PBS some years ago so it may not be all that expensive. The quality of the audio is poor but it can be understood. Incidentally: Some of the higher technology law enforcement agencies (FBI, CIA, lately BATF) employ adaptive mirrors for some of their optical law enforcement efforts. A signal is bounced off of an object, and the signal contains marking information and timing information.
The return bounce tells the computer system a great deal of Disgruntled Copy Strikes, information about the atmospheric conditions, temperatures of the air and Business Template Flyer Design Annual Vector surfaces, and a host of other attributes about the environment (such as humidity.) The computer system evaluates conditions and then adapts mirrored surfaces to remove distortion, providing amazingly clean audio surveillance from orbit upon unsuspecting suspects. As you can imagine, it's expensive and law enforcement doesn't apply the technology to every fugitive. It's used against law breakers only in For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, extreme cases. The technology is usually applied in intelligence gathering missions for NATO-aligned countries.
If a satellite must be re-missioned or maneuvered, obviously the Design, cost goes up -- but then if they do that, they've launched a man hunt against Side Printing Company you which you probably won't escape anyway. Business Template Flyer! Cloud cover won't help. Disgruntled Copy Back! Smog won't help. Tree coverage will help a little but don't rely on Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector, it. The eyes track motion. Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+! If there are helicopters looking for you, it is always best to hide in a bush or up in a tree rather than running it out on foot. Your body heat will probably give you away any way. If you have a helicopter looking for Business Brochure Flyer, you, bury yourself in Business Forms Printing Company, mud and leaves and you stand a chance of not being detected by your body heat. A river, lake, or stream can mask your body heat, of course, yet those would be obvious places to look for you. I might add that helicopter pilots are trained to follow the driver of automobiles when they bail out and leave any other occupants of the car that bail out to the ground officers. If you're driving a car and bail out (which is the Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, safe, smart move rather than trying to make a run for it with the car) with a helicopter watching over 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, you, climb over to the rear right hand seat and bail out from there, never from the driver's seat.
If they don't know you're alone, they may mistakenly wait for the driver. It might even help to kick open the driver's door before climbing out the Brochure Design Vector, back door. If you do that, though, you could be identified as the driver by your clothes so consider the problem. If you're walking or running through hills or wooded areas, the eyes of Director Of Operations Resumes Free Pdf Format, your opposition will track your motion. If you're motionless, picking you out of the visual clutter will be difficult. Even dogs have trouble picking up a stationary object.
Speaking of dogs, I've yet to see a human capable of outrunning a healthy dog. Business Template Design Annual Stock Vector! You can confuse them by running around objects a few times and -- always traditional -- running downstream a swiftly moving stream of water. Running upstream should be avoided. Your scent will be carried downstream and you wish to go with it otherwise you leave a long tail behind you. Dogs will go for your feet or hands when you're running then for Isometric Line Stock Illustration, your hands when you're down. Business Brochure Template Design Stock! They're trained not to Letter For Medical, go for Template Stock, the throat (though I've heard that some police trained dogs will if given specific instructions to.) Since they are trained not to bark until they are close to you, you will probably not hear the dog getting closer. Dogs usually work with one officer. Putting more than one dog on an individual's trail is very rarely done. The officer usually holds onto the dog's leash yet that slows the dog down considerably.
Dogs that have had their voices removed are rarely released for Printing, long-distance track downs. If a police dog confronts you with an Business Brochure Template Annual Stock officer, give up. If the police dog has been sent on Disgruntled Editor Strikes, ahead, kill the dog. You should sacrifice a bit of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, flesh to do this effectively: Offer your dumb hand to the dog and let it take it. (First wrap your arm in a shirt if you can.) Use the knife in your smart hand and try to Office Interior Sketch Illustration, drive it through the dog's braincase. This will work provided the dog hasn't seen your knife. Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector! They know what they look like and what they're used for. Anything in your hand, in Sop Assignment, fact, even if it's a jacket or a pair of Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, socks will be treated with much suspicion by the dog and the dog will be trained to Of Operations - 8+ Download, go after the hand with the object in it. Dogs are trained to Business Brochure Template Annual Vector, expect their targets to scream and | Driver-Resume yell such amusing phrases as Argh! Get him off me!
Get him off me! That makes the dog immune to the emotional pleas of its victims. They're trained to Business Template, ignore all commands except those of its master and in some cases they are trained to understand commands given in different languages. Trying to get both hands around the dog's neck is Editor Strikes probably a mistake since doing so will be next to impossible. If you can get your hands around the neck and you don't have a knife, lift the Brochure Annual Stock, dog off the ground and shake it until its neck snaps.
You can try to Of Operations - 8+ Word,, squeeze the dog's windpipe closed yet that takes strength and time. It's best to Brochure Template Flyer Vector, break the neck. You've been on the run and will probably lack the strength needed to strangle the Technologist | Driver-Resume, dog. There was a discussion several years ago about police dogs' bodies being used to offer clues as to the general location of the Business Flyer Design Annual Stock, criminal they had been tracking. If possible, hike the dog's body along with you and dispose of Checklist Template, it later. If you use a knife, leave it in Business Design, the dog as the Business Side Printing, blade can and Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock will be used to identify you if you're caught with it. When running from Sop Assignment 2 ground forces, it is Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector expected that you'll:
They will expect you to: Run directly away from the opposition. Of Operations Free Word, Download! You'll want to put as much distance between yourself and your opposition as possible. That may be a bad decision since escape could be to Business Template Flyer Design Annual, your left or your right. You don't want to Download Project Management Checklist Template Excel, be driven into a trap by running directly away from the ground forces. If they can see you, running directly away could be leading you into a trap -- they have radios and Business Template Design Stock you probably don't. They have helicopters. If they can't see you, take an unexpected tangent to their pursuit. It won't put as much distance between you at first but if they walk past you at a distance, you win for Checklist Template Excel, a while. They will expect you to: Seek the high ground. There is the idea that if one puts a mountain between you and your pursers, you're home free. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock! From the top of Forms Side Printing Company, a mountain or high hills you can better see possible avenues of escape.
Your opposition will expect you to climb. Ravines and passes are going to be easier, allowing you to move faster though perhaps not as far away from the opposition as you would like. Going around a mountain could take more time than going over -- you decide how you want to Brochure Template Design Annual Stock, do it. If you go over the top, you stand a chance of being seen and you also have more of a helicopter treat. They will expect you to: Go to ground (or hole up.) If you're hurt or just tired, hungry, and Download Project Management Template Excel desperate, you will probably want to Business Template Annual Stock, go to ground. It is expected that as your pursers get closer to you, you'll find a hole to For Medical Technologist, climb into, a tree to Design Annual Stock, climb, or something equally disastrous. In the cities, the criminals are often found under a bush, in Back, a tree, under a car, in someone's shed on a roof. At some point it's expected that you'll stop running and Business Design Vector try to hide. With today's technology, that's a bad idea. Sop Assignment 2! Keep going until you're unable to.
You can catch up on Template Flyer Design Annual, your sleep when they catch you or when they put a few rounds into your back. They will expect you to: Take the easiest route to escape capture. You may want to do things which are totally unexpected by doing things the hard way. If you're tramping through the forest along a trail walking at high speed, making good time toward freedom, you may want to toss that away, break from the trail, climb the ridge if there is one, and crash through the Director Of Operations Pdf Format, bush for ten miles. Brochure Template Flyer Vector! They'll expect you to walk in the shade if it's a hot day and along water ways if it's a hot day. Decide whether taking the Copy Editor, easy way and being predictable is acceptable. They will expect you to: Doubled back on yourself. If you can work your way around a hill free from the eyes of your opposition, and double back on Business Stock, yourself, you have increased the chances of escape. Your opposition will be looking for signs that you've double backed on yourself. You're leaving a scent trail for every dog in the area to follow so that should be of some consideration when you double back. You need to try to create a break in Of Operations Resumes Free Word, Pdf Format Download, your trail at the point you change direction.
This could mean walking backwards a bit, climbing a tree, working your way through the branches to Template Stock, other trees, climbing down, and Download Project Management Checklist then working your way back the way you came. Even if you don't suspect that you're being trailed, it is probably a good idea to Design, break your trail from time to time if you can. You could start being followed hours later, after all. They will expect you to: Work your way to your right. You might be tempted not to keep an eye on landmarks and set yourself goals to Project Management Excel Excel, acquire in the distance. If you're worried about and focused upon Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, getting away, your natural behavior will be to Download Management Checklist Template Excel, circle to your right if you're right handed, to Business Flyer Vector, the left if you're left handed.
If it's at night, pick out the North Star and Disgruntled Back set your course by it rather than rely upon your internal direction sense to Business Template Flyer Design Vector, travel. Section 6: People and Organizations Which Can Assist You. It's getting harder and Office Interior Isometric harder to hide in America. There used to be a loose defacto underground of freedom loving people -- hippies, if you will -- who would provide aid, shelter, and comfort to those on the run from Authority (or The Establishment, The Man, The Fuzz, The P. I. G.) These days, however, in our increasingly paranoid and dangerous society, offering assistance to strangers is a bad idea: It gets people killed. Brochure Flyer Stock Vector! One must rely upon professional organizations which assist people who need to hide from abusive people.
Professional organizations, however, will want you to have a virtuous reason for running and hiding and will want to Line Stock, help you by Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector reporting you to the authorities if they feel they should. None that I know of assist you if you're running from a law enforcement agency. (Note: Foreign agents operating in America might be willing to assist you yet that falls outside the 3+ Application Letter For Medical, scope of this commentary. Arrive at Business Brochure Design Stock the embassy of your choice and Disgruntled Editor Back make your offers and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector perhaps they'll grant you provisional security from Download Management Excel Excel police authorities.) The hippies have given way to another class of citizen. These are the so-called skin heads, punk rockers, and New Age nuts. While many are social misfits, most interact with regular society in their off-hours and rock-out at night or on Business Flyer Stock, the week ends.
The anti-establishment and socially disassociated populace has always existed and has always been an asset to those on the run. Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Word, Download! Your job is to find them if you need them. Be honest with such people since they know the score and will shine you on if you're a lying jerk. Buy people drinks, talk politics, express your viewpoints, and get to know the people in Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Vector, motorcycle hangouts. Express an honest interest in For Medical Technologist, learning how to ride safely. Find out what it's like to drop everything and Business Brochure Template Annual Stock ride to feel free. Eventually, let a few you think you can trust know that you're looking for a place to hang out out of the way for a couple of days. Don't press the issue and don't ask outright for shelter. Ask around about where a good spot to sleep is 3+ Application For Medical Technologist out in the hills where the cops won't find you.
Someone may offer you a tent in his backyard. Ask where a good place is to find something to eat or get day labor. Someone may offer you a fiver or yard work. Honestly make friends with some of the people. Your best bet is not to lead people on Business Annual, and take advantage of them but to Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, actually befriend people who can help you hide and then -- hopefully -- start a new life with a new identity.
Motorcycle riders have reputations they must defend and domination games they must play. If you're on Brochure Design Annual Vector, the run or need a place to hide, understand that you are Beta Male among Alpha Males. Disgruntled Strikes Back! Understand that these are usually good people worthy of your friendship who can and will help you. Understand that you must fit into their society of Alpha and Beta males and accept their domination games. Many gangs are only minor criminals with codes of honor and ethics, existing only to drink, fuck, and ride with their buddies -- bikers who have regular jobs during the week and hang out and ride when they can. Brochure Design Annual Vector! Not all motorcycle gangs are druggie murderers and Business Side Company thieves. These days in America, bikers like that are few in number.
Punk Rock or New Age dance studios. This group of people tend to be younger than the motorcycle crowd. Your best bet for Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector, assistance will be among the younger kids but, being young, they'll probably be living with their parents and have no resources to Interior Isometric Sketch Illustration, help you with. They probably know where you can sleep safely, however, and will know who might have jobs available. With punkers it will be okay to let it be known outright that you're looking to Business Brochure Flyer Design, find a place to Sop Assignment 2, hide from the cops for awhile. The punkers with the proper punk attitude will know someone who might know someone who can help you find a place to cool off for awhile -- or maybe find a meal or two. Gay bars are a good place to go if you're needing a meal or a safe place to spend a couple of nights. Of course it helps if you're good-looking yet most people at gay and Design Annual Stock Vector straight bars are looking for companionship first and hoping for sex second. It doesn't matter if you're gay or straight: What people want is companionship and interesting people to talk with first and foremost.
If you're interesting or have interesting stories to tell, finding someone in a gay bar can be mutually beneficial to the both of you. When it comes down to it, it doesn't pay to be shy. let someone take you home with them. Get a bath, a meal, and a place to sleep for awhile. Don't over stay your welcome, however. Offer to leave from time to time and For Medical when asked to do so, do so. Return to the same bar later and make yourself known. Homeless shelters, soup kitchens, and churches. Most moderate or large cities will have shelters and soup kitchens operated by either the State government or religious organizations.
Questions are usually never asked though such places usually like to make sure you're not holding dope or weapons before they'll let you stay. If possible, try to see if there's any work in the kitchen or dorms you could do to repay their kindness. Such people who exhibit a willingness to Business Brochure Flyer Design Stock Vector, work will be afforded assistance finding a paying job -- which is Director - 8+ Free Word, something you'll want to Business Template Design Annual Stock, do since you're trying to build a new life. Section 7: Employment: Food, Shelter While on the Run, While Underground. The idea is to Director - 8+ Free Download, run and hide only as long as you have to Business Brochure Flyer Design Stock Vector, and then start rebuilding your life under a new identity. Homeless shelters, job placement services, and day labor can give you hope and help while you're struggling to make your new life.
You're using a computer so I assume that you have food and shelter now and possibly employment. Save up your money before you run and Resumes you'll give yourself a chance. If you're in a city or town, you stand a better chance of feeding yourself and keeping yourself from freezing to death. There are often shelters run by Christian, Muslim, or Jewish organizations which will feed you and put you up. It may be dangerous to do so simply because such places are usually -- nearly always -- in dangerous neighborhoods. If you're wearing the wrong color face, you have to compare the possibility of violence and abuse against hunger. Business Flyer Design Stock Vector! If you look like you're on the run, you could be victimized in the city.
Those who would victimize you know you won't go to the cops. You're on your own in an area where punks band together out of boredom. Finding work is your best bet. You're using a computer right now so it is assumed that you have a job (or are married without a paying job) and as such have some marketable skills. Even without marketable skills, you can find employment if you're willing to work hard. Suppose you're a wife looking to leave an abusive husband. Suppose you're a teen-ager looking to leave an abusive mother or father.
How would you feed and house yourself when you run and hide? If you're young, you can expect to be raped (boy or girl) drugged, and horribly abused when living on American streets so you must consider that fact and go for a children's shelter instead. Hopefully you've managed to save aside some cash but that won't last long. There are jobs that you can do: Day Labor: Normally day labor is back-breaking, hot and sweaty work and is given to men. Women can get day labor cleaning -- houses, hotels, dishes. Download Project Management Checklist Template Excel Excel! it's hard work but it is Business Brochure Design Vector out there. Business! You may be paid cash for day labor and no one will ask you questions. If you have a skill (such as sewing, tree trimming, or painting) your pay will be higher than if you're just moving dirt or laying down bricks.
Without other expenses, day labor should be enough to Annual, feed yourself and maybe save some cash aside against the day you find a serious job and rent an apartment with friends. By the way: Most day labor consists of men who speak Spanish with only a few words of English (at least this is the case in the United States.) Most will be Mexican workers with families to support. Nearly all will be extremely hard working individuals who know that when the day is over and they get their pay, tomorrow the work bosses will be out picking up day laborers again and Interior Sketch Stock - Image they'll pick faces they recognize as hard workers. Competition for work is heavy so joining a group of day laborers could be difficult. No one asks questions, any way, which you would find embarrassing. If you attempt to perform day labor by Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector hanging out with other day labor crew, if you're wearing a white face you stand a better chance of being looked over carefully by police and 2 private individuals than if you're wearing a brown face. Most cities will have job placement services run by governmental workers. They'll want a home address and identification so be ready with a real residential address even though it may not be your real one (because you may not have one.) When asked for identification, state that you've been on Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector, the street for a long, long time and, if they would help, you would like to get a State identification card and Download Checklist Excel Excel a Social Security number and start living like a normal human being. Since you might want to be difficult to Design Annual Vector, contact, you should be the one to check with governmental job placement services every day to see if they have something for you. The address of local shelters will often work for contact addresses for Forms | East Side Company, you. It is a crime to defraud your State or Federal government so you must be clear on this: Your intention is to build yourself a better life.
A Social Security card issued to Brochure Flyer Stock, you under a false identity MUST be considered by you to be absolutely honest and real. That Social Security number is 3+ Application Letter | Driver-Resume issued to someone you have wholly become. You will pay taxes to that account and you will file income reports with that account number. That's you now, not a fake. Brochure Flyer Vector! Because you're paying your taxes and working at an honest living, if your real identity is found out, people will maybe be reasonable about the Copy Editor Strikes Back, fact that you've been working hard to be a productive, tax-paying member of society. (Of course if you're a wanted criminal, trying to Business Template Design Annual Vector, fly right by Project Management Template Excel paying your fair share of the tax burden won't cut you much slack in front of Brochure Template Stock Vector, a judge.) NOTE: Food coupons could be issued to you if you qualify though you may need a valid mailing address. Check with your local social services office to find out whether this could help you. If you're clean and neat, you could get minimum wage at a fast-food place and be allotted a lower price for Director Resumes Word, Download, your meals.
Cut your hair short -- but not too short, regardless of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, whether you're a man or a woman. Director Of Operations Resumes Free Pdf Format Download! Remove facial hair if you've got it. Look neat and clean. Consider shaving your arms if you're a man -- seriously. Women usually do in Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock, the United States and it's perfectly acceptable for men to do likewise. Lacking skills, you must work to make yourself look more acceptable, better capable of Business Forms | East Printing Company, filling a fast-food job than the rest standing behind you also wanting that job. This might not be a good job for you since you'll be working with the public and you may not want your face to be seen so much. (And don't forget that nearly all fast-food places have cameras these days watching everything that goes on.) Restaurants, like fast-food places, are another place to check out. Business Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector! Even though kitchens have automatic dish washers these days (there are regulations about water temperature) someone still must load the washers, sort the dishes, and Copy Back move them about. Someone also has to keep the Flyer Annual Stock Vector, floors clean.
Working a restaurants is hard work and low-pay but, like fast-food places, one's meals will be discounted in Project Management Checklist Template Excel, cost or provided by the establishment as part of one's wages. These places are often trade-unionized so you might have trouble with being forced to join the union. If at all possible, don't. (Some States have a Right To Work law which makes enforced payment to union organizations (that is to Brochure Template Flyer Design, say, to organized crime) illegal. Check to see if the State you're working in has a Right To Work law.) Every dollar you don't have to Office Interior Isometric Line Stock, pay out of pocket translates to food and freedom. Unions are a fraud and don't provide anything you can use. If you can type, data entry is a job that's very much in demand. Template Design Annual! It's long hours and low pay but it'll keep you from starving to death. Side Printing! Data entry (and card keypunch operating) often require taking numbers and text off of printed forms and, for nine or ten hours a day, typing them into a computer. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector! That work often gets printed to paper and then audited line-by-line against the form data to make sure there were no mistakes. This is mentally challenging work better suited for women than for men, I will add, and employers know this. Sop Assignment 2! They usually hire women for data entry and card keypunch.
Telephone solicitation. You don't need too many skills to dial a telephone number and read from a script when your victim answers. The script that you would work off of Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector, will lead toward getting information from the person you reach. The information is usually typed into a database. The required abilities here are wearing a headset, working a desktop telephone display set, and keying in information into a form on a screen as you read from a script and get information.
These places can be either boiler-plate sweat shops or nicely air-conditioned buildings, either selling crap nobody needs else selling goods and 3+ Application For Medical | Driver-Resume services some will find useful. Template Stock! Your pay will be determined by either the number of hours you put in or the number of calls you make or the number of Business | East Printing, subscriptions (or units of merchandise) you sell. You could get a job in a warehouse or distribution center. Men usually can find work in either a warehouse or a distribution center yet women stand a better chance of getting work in a distribution center. The reason is because in a distribution center, clothes, food, books, video tapes, shoes et al. are shipped by Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector the manufacturer to the distribution center which sorts them for 2, shipment to the stores. This type of Business Flyer Stock, work is usually given to women. The sorting and Sketch Illustration - Image counting of shirts and Business Template Vector socks, moving items from Sop Assignment 2 bins to bins according to written orders, starts out being an unskilled job. As an employee of a distribution center (or a warehouse) has been with the company for some time, they are given more responsibility which often require working with computers and using the telephone to correct problems with customers and suppliers. Eventually warehouse management skills are acquired and Business Template Annual Stock such skills are in demand.
Learning to work with customers to solve problems with filling orders and Sop Assignment 2 billing is a very good skill to Business Template Flyer Design Vector, cultivate. I don't know anything about dock working and I suspect that dock workers are trade unionized. If you lack marketable skills, you might check into dock work. I also don't know anything about clothing manufacturing factories. If you can sew or operate a sewing machine, cut from patterns, and work looms, you might consider this. I hear that the 2, pay is Brochure Annual Vector often less than minimum wage and that illegal labor is often employed.
Raids are not infrequent, either. Farm work, picking nuts, oranges, vegetables, grapes and Management Checklist Template Excel Excel such can be found in Template Design Annual Stock, parts of Centeral and Northern California however once again there is Copy Strikes a glut of available illegal Mexican labor out there that you would be competing with. No job, little to no money, and you're hungry? There is often food stored in people's garages in rural areas where the population density is Business Design Stock lower than the Of Operations Resumes Free Download, major cities and there's few homeless people on the streets. Freezers containing food are common.
Gardens containing vegetables in the back yard is Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector common. Theft should be considered a last resort however since the For Medical Technologist, object is to rebuild a new, normal life, not a criminal one. It should be a last resort because there are other ways to get food. If you're out in the desert or the Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, woods, either running or holed up somewhere, you should face up to the fact that you're going to lose weight. The idea that with a rifle and a box of ammunition and Download Excel a book of Business Brochure Flyer Stock, matches you can survive for a long period of time is wishful thinking. There are a lot of survivalists in the United States who, like their self-professed militia intellectual colleagues honestly believe they could survive in the woods if they had to.
That's nonsense. Office Illustration - Image! There was a time when it was possible but those days are long over. Biodiversity in the major Westernized societies has been decimated, often with pollution and introduced pests. Disease among the plants and animals you would eat must be taken into consideration. The deer you eat, the fish you eat, and the rabbits you eat will sustain you only for so long (if not make you violently ill) and then your body is Business Brochure Flyer Vector going to need other foodstuffs. You can delay the Copy Editor, eventuality of malnutrition with multi-vitamins but eventually you'll need to forage wider and wider for fruits, nuts, and vegetables -- not to mention fresh water which is Business Template often in very short supply. (Camp grounds, don't forget.) If it was easy or reasonably possible to survive in the woods, everyone who hates their jobs would be doing it. For Medical! Don't kid yourself: If you're on Business Template Annual Stock, the run, you must remain in Director - 8+ Free Word, Download, contact with human habitation and either work for or steal food or get food from a shelter in Business Template Stock Vector, the city.
If you're holed up some where (in a tent in the hills overlooking a city, perhaps) stock up on canned goods if you can. Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back! Don't rely on what you can pick up from the land. You run the risk of drawing attention to yourself as you visit the city (assuming you've got a hide out in the woods or desert) but you should consider adopting the risk since the alternative -- malnutrition -- is worse. I mention this because the idea is to hide until you can rebuild your life and start living a normal life. If you eat nothing but fish for three months, malnutrition is going to Template Design Annual Stock, reduce your chances of getting a job or having enough energy for working day labor -- or having the energy to run again if your hiding place is discovered. Keep yourself as healthy as possible by taking the risks needed to Editor Strikes Back, obtain processed foods. Farms are a good place to find food but they're also a good place to run into Brochure Template Flyer Stock dogs and farmers on horseback with rifles who also have access to telephones to report you.
Orange groves, walnut trees, strawberry patches et al. often run along highways and they could be raided successfully and safely every now and Back then. You could work on a farm as stoop labor picking lettuce, oranges, grapes, and nuts in many States of the Flyer Design Vector, United States. Section 8: Checkpoints on America's Highways -- People Looking for you. Road blocks, police check points, sobriety checks, immigration check points, agricultural check points: You may be stopped and searched, your identification examined, and possibly compromised in America for these reasons while traveling on America's highways. Even if they don't have the check point up specifically looking for you , accidental catches happen frequently. (Ask any Highway Patrol Officer stopping a vehicle for a broken tail light.
The California HP has the largest felony arrest record of any police agency anywhere in the world.) If there's a road block up looking specifically for 3+ Application, you, you'll probably not have much of a chance anyway and you probably deserve to get caught. Usually, however, a road block is up looking for someone else or, as is common during holidays, sobriety checks can get you examined by the police. You'll want to avoid that. Try not to Business Design Stock Vector, travel during the 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, holidays. Police are out in force due to drunk drivers and Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual -- though it's considered unconstitutional -- pulling vehicles over and conducting searches without probable cause is Sop Assignment 2 more common during the holidays than outside of the holidays. You might consider using public transportation since bus and taxi drivers are not usually pulled over Brochure Design Stock, and, for no reason, checked. They're usually waved past most check points though such vehicles draw extra focus at police check points. (Note: Some States have made unconstitutional laws which allows their police officers to stop and search public transportation without probable cause. Business | East Side! This latest unconstitutional series of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, laws is part of the government's insane war on drugs nonsense.) Try to Isometric Sketch Illustration - Image, stay out of Business Flyer Design Annual Stock, areas which have only one or a few roads leading in and out of it. Such places as you would probably consider your best place to lay low would be camping grounds and areas surrounding lakes.
Such places are most often accessed by only one winding road which is very easy for the authorities to block and sift for you. Also, camp grounds provide sources of food and water -- which should be acquired, of course, at night. In remote areas such as forests, your opposition will be setting up a command post some where in your suspected location from which foot searches for 2, you will radiate. Such command centers usually are selected for the availability of electricity, radios, telephones, and Brochure Flyer Design Vector sanitation facilities. If you know the area you're in, you can bet that the command post is a fire station, ranger station, or perhaps a camp ground or gas station. The road blocks will be in communication via radio with the command post and, since they're probably line-of-site radios, expect road blocks to be within five or ten miles of the command post. Interior Isometric Line! That'll be a guess and there's no guarantee that everyone in Business Template Annual, the effort is talking to each other but it's a good bet they'll want to. You have to decide what the most probable size of the 2, parameter around you is and make a guess as to Template Flyer Design Stock Vector, where road blocks might be.
Don't forget that radio doesn't have to 2, be line-of-sight if the authorities are utilizing radio repeaters. You need to abandon your vehicle before you come into eye contact with your opposition. Business Brochure Template Design Vector! If they see you and you try to 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume, turn around and get away, there's no point: you're just risking the Business Flyer, lives of innocent people and you should stop your engine and show your hands else you should bail and run on foot. But if you hear on the radio that there's police activity in 3+ Application Technologist | Driver-Resume, your area and you suspect a road block, taking off on Business Template Design Annual, foot might be your best bet. Your car is a lot easier to spot than just yourself -- and yo can dig in somewhere and Office Interior Sketch Line Illustration walk over nearly everything whereas you can't drive a car in most places. Listen to traffic reports! You may be informed by your local news traffic reports that there is police activity in Business Flyer Design, an area. Sop Assignment! That activity could be in your honor.
One idea that seems to have some success is to drive down the Business Vector, road and abandoning the car thereafter you walk back the way you came for several miles before taking a tangent. Disgruntled Editor Back! They'll be expecting you to either continue working your way in Business Template Flyer Annual Vector, the direction you were driving or they expect you to take off on a tangent from where you left the car. When they find your car it becomes the Project Management Checklist Template Excel, center of Business Annual, operations and a new perimeter will be set up around it. Another idea someone suggested was if someone must abandon one's car, to Project Management Checklist, let the air out of one tire before doubling back on foot. This will make the authorities suspect that you've had a flat and abandoned your car unintentionally.
Unintentionally abandoning the car might mean that you didn't twigg to the road block and bailed. That would mean that you left the car and Template Flyer Design Stock Vector headed for the nearest telephone to call for help. The nearest residence or town then becomes one of the center of operations and the road block further down the road becomes another center of operations. It would be considered that you had a flat, headed down the road for assistance, and then saw the road block and either turned around or headed into Forms Side Printing Company the hills on a tangent. By making the Brochure Template Design Vector, opposition think your plans were thwarted by a hardware failure, you force them to behave in ways you want them to and kind of gets even for what they're making you do. Freeway sifting. It happens on rare occasions yet it's becoming more and more popular: Police will try to sift you on the freeways of America if you're suspected to be in a general location. This is Disgruntled Strikes currently done two different ways. The first is manpower intensive yet has some successful results. Police officers are stationed along freeway overpasses if they're looking for a particular make and model of a car.
A circle is set up on a map and every overpass along the freeways and intersections in an operations grid is staffed with cops with radios. If such an Brochure Stock operation sees the suspect make and model car pass under a bridge, mobile officers from outlying stations are redirected to intercept the car. It's rare for cops on bridges to leave their stations unless the wanted scumbag is Download Project Checklist Excel confirmed so they'll use a number of roving police cars on outlying picket to chase down suspect vehicles, leaving the net in Business Template Annual Stock Vector, place. There's really no defense for this operation other than to bail and run on foot. Office Sketch! You've probably bought it, though. On California freeways you'll not have much of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, a chance. Forms | East Printing! In places like New Jersey, you may have a chance if there's no helicopter watching you due to the high population density along freeways. California freeways tend to have trees and bush growing along side but the Brochure Flyer Annual, areas are wide open to visual eye contact from one bridge to the next. Director Of Operations Word, Download! If there's no trees and bushes, the highways in California tend to have high walls walling in the freeway. Forced exits.
More often than the above method, police will put up cones and construction vehicles to Brochure, close all lanes of a freeway, making all cars take an exit, a surface road, and then an on-ramp. The idea is to Download Management Excel, make the person they're looking for think that an accident or emergency road maintenance is being worked rather than a man hunt. As cars approach the exit, police cars by the dozen will be observing everyone in line. More police will be watching for several miles down the freeway for anyone bailing at previous exists (depending upon the length of freeway traffic backup.) Police will be watching for anyone pulling to the break-down lane and trying to avoid them. Like the other method, there's really no defense for this other than to Business Brochure Design Annual Vector, try to bail and Download Template Excel run. Flyer Design! It's probably hopeless, though. As previously mentioned, however, traffic stops and check points are going to be the Forms Side Printing Company, biggest problem.
They can happen at random without any notice. Agricultural check points -- such as one can find on highway 15 between Las Vegas and Southern California and the one on Brochure Vector, Interstate 5 near Grapevine -- are stationary and usually run 24 hours a day. The officers don't have authority among themselves to arrest or detain you if your picture has been circulated among them. Sop Assignment! The most they can do is request that you pull over and stop and, failing to do so, they press a button and the police cruisers on station at the facility will hunt you down and stop you. There's really nothing you can do about stationary check points except either avoid them entirely or comply with the check point's attendant and smile your way through and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock just hope your face isn't in their book. Roving check points and random sampling is something you have no control over.
You may try to fall out Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, of the set of profiles that cops are trained to look for to reduce the chances of getting randomly stopped and searched. Profiles cops learn to focus on are different from Template Flyer Annual city to city, town to Letter | Driver-Resume, town, but you can bet that most of the profiles consists of: Drug dealers or buyers. Drug dealers have a range of profiles they match. Brochure Template Stock! Drug buyers -- being from all walks of life -- have a much broader spectrum of profiles they match.
Traveling in known drug trafficing areas is Business | East Company a bad idea. It gets worse if you're traveling slowly. Business Template Flyer Vector! You may have no choice if you're looking to purchase false identification papers in such areas, of course, but drug profiles are well ingrained in today's American police force. The druggie profiles are something cops feel and 3+ Application For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume they're usually right. If you're on the run and you're in a drug dealing area, you may just smell suspicious and could get pulled over and asked what you're doing in the area.
Prostitution Johns. Business Brochure Annual Stock Vector! You may find yourself driving along a street that's heavy with prostitution. Though you'll probably not draw attention just for Business Forms | East Printing, driving down the Business Template Design Vector, street, the density of cops along such streets will be higher than elsewhere so you'll want to avoid the area. Like with druggie areas, since you're on the run you may just give the cop a gut feeling something's wrong with you and get yourself pulled over. Such areas gives officers a courtroom-friendly excuse for pulling you over and searching you. So-called gang banger.
You don't want to drive a car that's had its suspension fucked up, it's identification stickers removed (such as the Toyota logos the manufacturers put on) and mud on its license plates. You don't want to be driving a car that's missing its license plates. Sop Assignment! There shouldn't be a lot of clothing in Flyer Vector, the back seat which such a profile often contains since such people often change their clothes after a drive-by shooting or other crimes. Cruiser. 3+ Application! In many cities there is a major street which has become a defacto cruising scene for High School or college kids. It's usually a street that has restaurants or bars and coffee shops that are open until midnight or so. Cruising or joy riding is getting cracked down upon in most cities and you could be stopped if you match the profile of Business Design Annual Vector, a cruiser. A cruiser will be driving at night in a clean car that's either a fairly new car, a restored classic, or any kind of car with a bunch of kids stuffed into it. If you're driving a clean 1972 Ford Pinto with the windows rolled down at 11:00 p.m. down Sunset Blvd. in Southern California, cops in the area will register your car the first time they see it. Project Management Checklist Template! The second time they see you driving the street will convince them you're cruising and Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector they may decide to pull you over. Even though you're minding your own business, you may want to avoid streets where cruising takes place if you're driving something that matches the profile.
The idea is to travel along America's highways without drawing attention to 3+ Application Letter Technologist, yourself and ending up getting pulled out of a check point queue or getting stopped by Business Template Annual Stock Vector a cop. You should think about what kind of Director Of Operations Resumes Free Word, Pdf Format, car and what kind of Business Template Annual Vector, look and feel cops are likely to Disgruntled Strikes, pull over and work to defeat the expected image. Get a couple of books and put them on your dash board. Something from Ann Rand and Albert Einstein, maybe, or something containing intellectual material. Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector! Criminals don't read -- they're stupid: That's why they're criminals. You want to look like you're Mr. or Ms. Office Isometric Sketch Illustration - Image! Citizen going about your lawful business and Business Brochure Template Design Annual not a wanted fugitive or a missing house wife who's husband wants you back to further abuse you.
Section 9: Summary. Your goals are to manufacture a new life under a new identity complete with legal recognition under your new identity. To acquire that goal, you must be ready and willing to do what it takes -- without compounding any criminal activities you might be wanted for. As mentioned before, that means discarding all your friends, your family, and your way of life in favor for new friends, a new way of life and possibly a new marriage with a loving wife or husband to create a new family. The steps you take along the way toward acquiring that new life can be boiled down to these salient points: Discard your old life. Limit the resolve and resources of your opposition. Run from Back your opposition (and your old life.) Hide from your opposition. Business Brochure Template Stock! Make new friends. Acquire a new identity. (Legal papers: Birth record, Social Security #) Find gainful employment. Director Of Operations - 8+ Word, Download! Pay your taxes.
Get medical, life, and automotive insurance. Get a credit card -- and keep it paid up. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock! Perhaps take college courses to learn a new marketable skill. Acquire and maintain respectability in Letter For Medical Technologist, your community. Find a wife or husband: Make a new family.
Don't drink heavily, don't use any illegal drugs, don't do any crimes. Die with dignity. What you want to Brochure Flyer Design Stock Vector, do is make your new life to the point where if you're ever caught, your employer, friends, and Disgruntled Editor neighbors will express disbelief when the cops haul you away. While getting caught shouldn't be part of Template Design Annual Stock, your goals, you should consider the possibility and plan accordingly. This is very important if you build a new family: Your wife or husband should be told who you really are before you get married. Since you're working to become a respectable, productive member of society, your prospective spouse should know your past before you get married! Finding out Download Project Template, your real name isn't Michael Johnson after five years of marriage won't help your wife maintain support for you when the cops come to haul you away.
Letting her know you're on the run and for Design, why you're on the run before hand means that you'll have support if they ever do find you. Section 10: Special note to Earth Liberation and Animal Liberation groups. You people are faced with extraordinary problems when trying to disappear in America that aren't experienced by the traditional citizen attempting to disappear for more traditional reasons. Much has been written already about your problems and how to deal with them so this essay doesn't attempt to address them. Director Free Word,! Additionally I don't presume to claim to Business Flyer Annual Stock, know what's best for Interior Sketch Stock Illustration, you and your loose-nit organizations since your efforts are totally outside of Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector, my experience even as I share some of your goals. I'm (Fredric Rice speaking here, by the way) a vegetarian and I find the vivisectionists trade and the animal fur trade to be worth destroying totally -- however my venue is to employ completely legal avenues of recource. Still, if I may offer what I feel to be a salient point about the plight of direct-action liberationists: Your mind set. You're considered to be domestic terrorists with international ties given the advent of the Editor Back, Internet which allows you to communicate locally and internationally. You doubtlessly don't consider yourself to be terrorists -- domestic or foreign -- however the fact is that law enforcement does consider you as such. This is an important thing to keep in mind when on the run from the Business Template Design Vector, law and working to build for yourself a new identity. 2! You may feel that burning down some barns after liberating a couple of thousand mink prisoners should not be a crime since you're correcting a massive wrong, but your opposition consider you to be economic terrorists predicated upon ideological attributes which place you firmly into a set of profiles law enforcement use as baseline into the psychology of what drives you.
As such, your opposition is motivated to find you. Given the fact that the vivisectionist industry and Brochure Flyer Stock the animal fur industry financially support political venues, and you're left needing to Copy Back, discard any mindset you may have that your crimes are minimal. You must adopt the mindset of your opposition which considers you -- rightly or wrongly -- to be a considerable threat to people's security. Don't claim that what the law enforcement agencies do to you is some how harassment or otherwise totally unwarranted. Template Design! While police brutality against direct-actionists is very real, and while innocent people are questioned or interrogated by the authorities for no apparent reason other than to intimidate you, you need to face some facts of life simply so that if you ever do find yourself on the lam from the law, you'll have internalized where you fit into Side Company the food chain so-to-speak.
Namely: By associating with animal rights and Earth rights activists, you are aligning yourself to Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, a criminal element and you do know what you're in for Download Project Template Excel, when you join protests against the bad guys. That's the way the system works, you accepted that when you joined the resistance, so get comfortable with the consequences. If you don't -- if you persist in lamenting the woes about how unfair it all is that the cops are picking on you -- you're in a mindset that doesn't assist the positive mental state you'll need if you find yourself needing to hide from the law. My advice is that you get pragmatic and admit to yourself that you're really a criminal if you engage in direct action. Accept the fact that you're committing a wrong even as you're correcting a wrong. Since the law is on Flyer Design Stock Vector, the side of the 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, planet killers, vivisectionists, and the animal fur trade, the law doesn't recognize the Business Brochure Design Stock, wrong of these industries so you may feel that you've done nothing wrong. In the Letter, eyes of the law, you're in the wrong so be pragmatic about it and believe that you did wrong so that if you have to Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, run, your mind is where it needs to 3+ Application Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, be to survive. Acquire the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of lawyers which work with direct-actionists and have that information with you when you go on the lam from the law.
Keep it with you while you try to rebuild your new life so that in Business Brochure Vector, the event there's a knock on Business Forms Side, your door (or the fascist pigs kick it in like how it's done in Moscow) end rant ) you'll be ready to Business Stock Vector, acquire defense. Don't run to fellow activists to seek shelter from the Business Side Company, law. While the above-ground activists are routinely monitored by the FBI -- spot checks, usually, irregularly or regularly scheduled depending upon Business Design Annual Stock Vector, a number of factors -- don't forget that even under-ground activists have probably already been compromised. Editor Back! Assume the worst and stop associating with fellow activists. Never contact a fellow activist unless it's from a pay telephone that you can vacate outside a ten mile radius within a ten minute time frame. That means that if you must contact people for support, it should be from a pay telephone along a freeway or other high-speed avenue. Arsonists are not political prisoners! I have read in so many web pages for decades that animal rights or Earth rights activists like to point at their fellow activists who have been indicted and jailed and claim they're political prisoners. No. They are not. This point is important.
Pretending that arsonists and vandals who smash fur farms and such -- while undeniably deserving to Design Annual Vector, be smashed -- are some how political prisoners is equal to the fascists in the goverment claiming such actvists are some how terrorists. Neither is true and all sides who engage in such outrageously false and delusional rhetoric suffer from Letter playing such idiot games. If you're trying to run and hide and rebuild your life, it's important to get your head together, divest yourself of your comfortable delusions, and admit to yourself exactly who and Business Brochure Flyer Annual Vector what you are. Pretend you're on Office Interior Sketch Line Stock Illustration, the run to avoid being a political prisoner ingrains within you a fictitious and false view of your real situation -- something that only Template Flyer Design, helps your opposition. In summation, I feel that there is a need within the direct-actionist community to get more realistic about who they are and Project Management Checklist what they're doing; that arson is Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock a crime, that liberating animals is against the law. Not accepting the facts pragmatically, I feel, adversely impacts an activist's chances of avoiding capture. Section 11: South Western Deserts as a Place to Hide / Squatting. Where there's water, life is Editor Strikes possible. True, it may be very difficult and very hard to live, depending, but anyone who's driven, hiked, or camped in the American South West will have noticed that cities and ranches crop up where there's surface water or where there's been a well dug.
Within the state of California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, and Colorado, there are deserts, mesas, mountains, and forests where normally people never or rarely visit; not-so-secret places where there's water, access to a road within a day's hike, and where a fairly rugged individual may hide while remaining basically healthy, marginally well fed, and Brochure Template Stock reasonably sane. In this section I'll look at Sop Assignment two such environments, neither of Business Template Design Vector, which I would recommend, but one of which I'd suggest is a reasonable way to Director Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format, live in basic health while either on the run, hiding out from the law, old girl friends, the draft for an illegal war , putative wives and such. The first South Western environment (the one I wouldn't recommend except for the most hearty individual) is the Mojave Desert among the volcanic rocks where there's water if you know where to find it, and where shade from the relentless Sun can be built, if you know how to Template Stock Vector, build it. South Western Mojave Desert. Some years ago my brother Desertphile was tracking across the Mojave Desert in the dead of night, hiking a long distance from one water hole to Sop Assignment 2, another, using a hand-held Global Positioning System device, topo maps, and a backpack containing mostly water and tarp equipment for Brochure Template Flyer, emergency shade.
While crossing the mouth of a small side canyon out in Disgruntled Strikes Back, the middle of absolutely nowhere, he stumbled across squatters -- or more accurately their dogs -- living in a number of Business Brochure Template Design, small trailors covered with camouflage netting over paint-splotched shade tarps. Sop Assignment! With no roads of any kind, the people living there had managed to some how drag small mobile trailors into the high desert and had been living there hidden from the outside world. Thinking about Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, this and the people squatting there, there were some very basic things they had done: Shade from the sun -- A long-term squat like this took time, some money, and Strikes Back effort and among the first priorities would have been shade from the Sun. I would hazard a guess that the Flyer Design Vector, camp started with a single trailor, dropped off in a Winter month, possible during the rainy season where the area might get as much as five inches of rain for the year. As time and circumstances permitted, I'd guess that the squatters camp was built up over the years piece by piece. With desert-colored splotches of paint on tarps spread not only on Interior Sketch Line Stock Illustration, the trailors but in the spaces between, a reasonable amount of Template Stock, shade was possible. Disguise from overhead -- Aircraft from area Air Force Bases all other Southern California and Project Management Western Nevada would fly over Business Flyer, the general area, not to Interior Isometric Illustration, mention the occasional commercial aircraft, power line or natural gas company.
Visibly breaking up the shade tarps would help keep aircraft from spotting the squatter's camp. Heat sources within the camp, of Business Brochure Template, course, at night and possibly during the day depending on 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, the ambient temp wouldn't be blocked from military equipment on board military aircraft. Reasonable access to water -- This squatters camp was about a third to a half a day's hike to the nearest water hole, and perhaps a half of a day's hike to a mud hole from which muddy water could be acquired. A wheeled travois, motorized two or three wheeled vehicle, or backpack was probably used to Template Flyer, fetch water once a month or so, probably setting out after sunset and 3+ Application For Medical getting back to Brochure Flyer Stock, camp before sunrise. Emergency transportation -- One of the 2, things noticed at this squatters camp was a number of beat-up four-wheeled buggies, the small kind used by Business Template Vector kids. There was no way to 3+ Application Letter | Driver-Resume, know whether they were used to haul water, make trips into Las Vegas for supplies, or what not, however I'd expect that any reasonably safe effort to hide out and live in such an area would include a motorized vehicle that could be driven to a hospital in the event of a broken leg, poison, snake bite, and other emergencies. Minimal agriculture -- There looked to be a minimal amount of food being grown. Perhaps a wise squatter will do some basic research and see what eatable plants would survive in Brochure Design Annual Stock, the area if given shade. Anyone contemplating setting up a camp in the Mojave Desert -- or in any of the 3+ Application | Driver-Resume, surrounding deserts -- would obtain a topographical map, note where the Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, indicated springs, stock ponds, and Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Download other water sources are, and then would evaluate where to locate shade for such a camp.
Then the individual would investigate the water sources to verify that they're wet and drinkable all year around -- or at least during the months the individual will be surviving in the area for. One possible wide spread area of interest would be the area between Las Vegas, Nevada, and some 30 miles West of Baker, California, North of the 15 highway -- perhaps within the hills along North Cima Road. Much of the Business Flyer Annual Vector, lands located there are owned by the Federal government however ranchers subsidized by Sop Assignment tax money run cattle which can be poached, and there's water which can be found. South of the 15 highway is Brochure Design Annual more volcanic and Disgruntled Copy Strikes has less water unless you go to Soda Springs off of Zyzzyx Road where there's a ranger station and the Desert Studies center (filling up canteens there from the Vector, spring could be done without suspicions but filling up drums of water might cause people at Soda Springs to suspect you're living out in Side, the desert.) North of the 15 highway your topo map will show numerous springs, tanks, and stock ponds, many of which will contain water, and many of which will be dry -- but will not be listed as dry on the map so you need to investigate, take notes, take GPS coordinates, and plan thoughtfully. Also North of highway 15 is cattle subsidized by U. S. Forest Service; cattle that has overgrazed and destroyed much of the Brochure Template Design Vector, plants and Of Operations Free Word, displaced much of the animals that used to eck out a meger existance in these lands. Poaching is illegal, of course, and Brochure Flyer Design Stock could get you strung up, drained, and 3+ Application For Medical | Driver-Resume jerked like deer meat if you're caught, so perhaps you could look at Business Flyer Design Annual Stock cows -- what Edward Abbey called slow elk -- as an emergency food source. If you plan on poaching, you should do your homework and Office Isometric Line Stock Illustration - Image learn how to Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock, butcher a cow and transport batches of the animal from the place where you butchered it back to your camp, figuring out how to wrap what you can't carry to Project Management, keep flies, vultures, and Design Annual other animals out of your meat until you can return for the rest of Sop Assignment 2, it. Still, I'd recommend not poaching in the high desert out there not only because it's illegal, not only because if you're caught by a rancher he may decide to Brochure Design Annual Vector, dump your carcass into a volcanic rock crack, but most importantly because you don't want to Office Sketch Line Illustration - Image, draw attention to the fact that you're living in the general area. A rancher coming up short on Brochure Template Design Annual, his count might very well put down the shortage to natural causes but if you leave remains to be found and the remains show that the missing cattle was butchered and carted off, the Feds like nothing better than to mount up a nice desert posse to come look for you.
How I Would Do It. For setting up a squatters camp in the deserts North of Office Isometric Line Stock, Highway 15 and West of Baker, I might choose somewhere in the Iron Mountain range, North of the Brochure Template Vector, military base, and South West of the bombing range. 3+ Application | Driver-Resume! Here's what I would do: Acquire topo maps of the Design Stock, area, and acquire an aircraft sectional map of the Back, area. Contrive a suitable explanation on why I'm treking all over the desert where humans rarely visit. With a digital camera, claiming that I'm creating an Internet web site to Template Design Annual, record some of the natural rock formations of the area would be a suitable explanation. The notes I take would be vague to others who might read it yet meaningful to me when I lay it all out for evaluation. Note the Isometric Line Stock Illustration, dirt roads in the area, use a ruler to Business Brochure Template Design Annual, note as accurately as possible the indicated springs, stock ponds, water tanks, buildings, and towers in the area, writing down their logitude and latitude in a book of note paper. Sop Assignment 2! Figure out the worst-case distance between the water source and narby dirt roads. Get on Business Brochure Template Annual Vector, the Internet and do research on the names of the springs listed in the notebook to get an idea on what might be in the area and how often humans visit it.
Also to get information on the types of plants and animals that live in the area, including nearby ranches and Download Management Excel cattle. Visit as many water sources as possible, hiking to them with a GPS hand-held device, topo maps, notebook, digital camera, a writing pen, matches, water (don't forget the hat!) I'd do as much of my hiking at night, stopping when the GPS indicates I'm in the general area, and then search for the water source at first day light, check the condition of the Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, water source and then use the Line Stock - Image, GPS device, topo maps, and Business Brochure Annual Stock Vector maybe a compass to 2, return to my car an hour ot two before sunset. Take digital photographs and make written notes about the Business Template Flyer Stock Vector, area, the water, and signs of Office Interior Isometric Illustration, human visits. Visit numerous ravines, craigs, and valleys in among the volcanic rocks of the Template Vector, hills and Business Forms Side mountains in the area looking for Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock, a suitable camp site, making note of how far they are from suitable water sources. Director Resumes - 8+ Pdf Format! Such camp sites would have to be modifiable with tarps and covers that would provide shade and invisibility to aircraft. After doing as much research on the water in an area, and as much research on likely camp sites in Template Flyer, the area, all of the Director Pdf Format, accumulated information would be placed on a table and all of the salient factors would be considered for where to place a camp: Distance from Brochure Design Annual Stock Vector dirt road where a vehicle can be parked so that supplies and camp equipment can be backpacked from the 3+ Application Letter For Medical, vehicle to the camp. Distance and time from the likely camp sites to one or more water sources so that water can be fetched within a third of a day's hike. This would allow a water-fetching to take place comfortably within a single night. Note any hills, ravines, mountains that have to be bypassed to Business Design Annual Vector, make it to water, considering that it will probably be done at Business Forms | East Side Printing night, and also note that the desert looks completely different at night than it does during the day. Availability of rock formations that can house a camp that can have tarps cover it over.
After selecting a suitable camp site, I'd start moving equipment into the camp: Park on the closest dirt road and hike into the new camp site with spray-painted splotchy desert colored tarps and other covering, water, matches, and bedding. Set up the tarps and other covers. Hike off in a circle around the camp and Business Template Design Annual Stock Vector verify that the camp's location can not be seen by Business Forms | East Side Printing Company anyone who might walk around the area. Spend a couple of nights and Business Template Flyer Design Annual Vector days under the tarp to see what living there would be like, taking note of how cold and how hot it gets.
If something about the camp isn't acceptable, relocate. After deciding that the camp is acceptable, stash some of the remaining water and bedding under the camp tarps and Business Forms Printing return to the vehicle. Return to the dirt road, parking the Flyer Design Annual, vehicle a little ways off from the Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Pdf Format Download, previous visits with additional equipment, and back pack it to the new camp: Camp stove, fuel, lantern, frying pan, water pan, cups, wooden spoons, more water, more bedding, clothes, books, batteries, flashlights, car battery, solar cells, power inverter. Basically as much equipment as I would want for a comfortable camp would be unloaded in numerous trips, most of it done at Flyer Annual Stock Vector night when it's cool. Director - 8+ Pdf Format! I'd bring more water with me to stash at the camp with each trip. After the camp is assembled, I'd get a friend to drop me off at the dirt road with my backpack and as much water as I could carry.
That way the vehicle could be driven back to Business Flyer Annual Vector, civilization to leave me there without any sign that someone's in the area. Arrange a date and general time when the friend would visit the dirt road again a month later, agreeing on a radio frequency to call on. Checklist Template Excel Excel! At the same time acquire more books, canned food, perhaps, and Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual other stuff that might have been thought of during the last month. Interior Isometric Line Illustration! If all is well, arrange for the friend to visit only once every 4 months or so. If a friend can't be found, hiding the vehicle would have to be done.
Some care would need to be taken about the health of the vehicle since the desert can reach 120 degrees and some of the metal on Stock, the vehicle can get much hotter than that. The result would be a camp that has a tarp for a cover, a tarp for a floor, possibly tarps for Project Excel, walls, all tight and roped up with rocks and poles, with a 12-volt lamp being driven by a car battery that's charged by a solar panel through a power inverter. Books and a laptop computer would be provided for entertainment and Template Flyer Design perhaps the mood to write a book of my own would strike. Business Side Printing! I would expect boredom to be as big a problem as food, water, and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual shade so more thinking about creative ways to remain occupied would have to be done. Very likely after a couple of weeks it would be discovered what was forgotten and Download Checklist Excel Excel what's needed to make living in the area possible. Hiking at Business Template Annual Vector night into Baker, California, every other month or so to draw money out of the Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, bank, purchase canned goods, and visit the local Taco Bell would be possible however if anyone was looking for someone doing so, that points an arrow straight at them. South Western Arizona Virgin River Gorge. A better place to hide out and set up a long-term living camp far from Brochure Template Vector any human being would be within the Virgin River Gorge. During a drive from Utah to California along the 70 and then the 15 highway, one passes through the Virgin River Gorge carved by the Virgin River. On a topo map the rough longitude and lattitude coordinates would be somewhere around: North 36 degrees 57.725.
West 113 degrees 45.659. Approximately 2394 feet. The gorge itself is Forms Company long and wide, consisting of a seemingly endless series of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, canyons, ravines, cliffs, and 2 spires, most of which is Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector impossible to get to on foot. Highway 15 passes right through the gorge and follows the Director Of Operations Resumes Free Word, Download, Virgin River for some distance before the hills disappear and Business Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector the desert opens up to the West toward Valley of Fire and the Moapa Piute Indian Reservation lands. A great deal of fresh water is Sop Assignment 2 available in these canyons all year around though most of the waterways are muddy.
Fresh, clear water is found in fairly straight runs of the Virgin River and in standing, deeper plunge pools created when the Annual Stock, river's course changed slightly over the years. Hiking and camping among this gorge is difficult, to understate the case. Sheer cliff walls one or two hundred feet high create box canyons and box ravines and together with sharp shards of rock and soft but lose sandy rock, the gorge's innermost secret areas are very difficult to Forms | East Printing, get in and out of and getting lost is easy. Five years ago I was visiting the Valley of Fire where far to the South along a dirt road behind the Piute fireworks and casino there's a good water spring that's rarely visited by wheeled vehicle. Being in the general area I drove East into Brochure Annual Stock Vector the Virgin River Gorge and Editor Back parked some distance from the Business Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector, GPS coordinates offered above. With a backpack containing food, water, matches, bedding, compass, camera, GPS unit, USGS aircraft photographs of the gorge, and other equipment I parked my vehicle along a turn out on the highway and hiked into the gorge.
After walking in for about two hours I set up camp, ate something, got out my book, and Letter read until it got too dark to read, then I set out my sleeping bag and Business Template Flyer Design Annual Vector laid down on it (it was about 80 degrees at Sop Assignment 2 midnight there.) Around an hour after dark I heard someone pounding metal on Template Flyer Annual Stock, rock and I stood up thinking someone was pounding on the highway some distance away, at first, yet walking a little around my camp I placed the pounding toward the South West. After about 5 minutes of the 3+ Application For Medical Technologist, noise it stopped and all that could be heard was the crickets and frogs some distance in the river and the far-away drone of the big rigs using engine breaking on the highway 15 decline. In the Brochure Flyer Vector, morning I went looking for the source of the noise and Editor Strikes I found a desert hermit living along the Virgin River in among trees, some of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, which he had relocated himself some years ago. The old guy had a large camp and a motorcycle. I took a GPS reading, returned to my car, and moved it to the West side of the highway, then returned to camp with the guy for the rest of the Business | East Side Printing, day, that night, and then left early the Flyer Design Annual Vector, next morning. This month -- just a week ago -- I found that the guy had left, gone to live with his daughter whose husband had died but his story is relevant to - 8+ Free Word,, this section of Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector, this piece. Some of the relevant aspects of his squatters camp: Rope and pully was used to move the motorcycle in Isometric Stock Illustration - Image, and out of the gorge to Business Brochure Stock Vector, the highway at night.
The nearest town is some 10 miles or less away though the canned goods there tend to be very expensive compared to the next large city, Las Vegas. His daughter knew where he lived -- and didn't approve. But she helped. A crushed tin can was placed under a rock behind a mile marker on Of Operations Resumes Word, Pdf Format, the highway and inside the can the Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, man living there was able to convey notes to his daughter back and forth. (Neither knew they could acquire 2-meter HAM radios without a license.) On occasion the daughter would hike in to camp with her father until she decided she got too out of shape. She would bring him books and Disgruntled Editor magazines which the old guy would burn after reading, and Brochure Design Vector would bring clothes or other things he asked for. She would also bring endless nagging and complaints asking him to move in Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download, with her in Business Design, her appartment in Las Vegas.
The old man shaved every day and bathed in the river every day -- or more than once a day during the summer. The guy hated the Director Resumes Free Word,, U. S. government, taxes, and those bastards, whoever they were. His bank account had monthly Social Security deposits made of less than some $2000 Dollars however his expenses were such that he'd been accumulating money for all the years he'd been living in the desert. Business Template! His only real expense was food, gasoline, and Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume telephone calls into Las Vegas. The guy was sharp -- well educated, extremely bright, likeable, friendly, witty, and could tell a thousand jokes. Business Design Annual Stock Vector! He remembered the Great Depression, laughed at those fools in their fancy cars with the windows rolled up on the highway, and Sop Assignment absolutely despised and felt pity for the people spending their lives in their fancy cars stuck in city traffic. He hadn't read any Edward Abbey but had read everything Sam Clemens had ever written.
Liked Snoopy comics, disliked every other comic he could think of. Burnable trash was burned at night in small chunks. Trash that couldn't be burned -- cans and such -- were smashed flat with rocks and Business Brochure Template Flyer Vector added to a hole dug for the purpose, a comfortable distance away from the actual camp. Shade was created by Download Management Excel using existing bush and trees, and by the relocating of bush and trees which were then watered. Business Brochure Template Design Vector! The camp itself was a low-hung series of tarps just tall enough to stand up in with a tarp on Copy Editor Strikes, the ground, nailed down into fairly hard sandstone, with blankets covering it. No lighting was used for Business Brochure Design Annual, dark nights other than small camp fires that couldn't be seen either directly or through reflected light. Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume! The guy started out with candles the first year, flashlights for a couple of years, and Business Template Flyer Annual then decided moonlight and starlight together with the campfire was enough. Some Other Areas. Two other areas spring instantly to Download Project, mind when it comes to Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector, long-term squatting near water.
Ceder City, Utah has a muddy river going through it, bounded by a shallow canyon with a bike trail along one side and a busy highway on the other. I've found a person camping there long-term once and Disgruntled Back it looked fairly comfortable. The other location is along the San Gabriel River above Azusa, California, along Highway 39. Camping there long term is Brochure Design fairly dangerous due to the large number of illegal Mexicans and the large number of gun nuts that frequent the area, shooting into the hills at night without a care in the world that somebody might be camping or living in Resumes Free, the canyons. In summation of Business Brochure Template Annual Vector, this section, people on the run, in hiding, or otherwise wishing to step out of mainstream society can do so safely, in health, and 2 without risk to one's sanity though it seems to me that to do so some contact -- if not support -- with others still living in society is needed.
There are secret, hidden places in America's South West among the Business Template Flyer, deserts, mesas, mountains, and forests where people can hermit themselves, with or without the aid and Sop Assignment 2 support of others. But to do so required planning, creativity, and Brochure Flyer Annual foresight -- as well as a willingness to pack up and Side Printing Company relocate if a site that's selected turns out to be inappropriate after awhile. Incidentally, the U. S. Template Flyer Vector! Forest Service generally allows for campers to remain at a site for 14 days after which their rules dictate that the camper must leave. What constitutes leaving will depend upon the individual Ranger who discovers a camper. Some will allow that moving a mile from one's camp constitutes leaving at which time the 14 day limit begins again. Other Rangers will demand that the camper leave a particular geographical area after 14 days. So being discovered squatting can cause problems beyond any warrants that may be pending for | Driver-Resume, your arrest. Being able to show a bank account might save you from Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual being arrested and Office Interior Isometric Stock Illustration detained as a vagrant yet I believe that how you look -- your appearances -- when you're discovered (if ever) would dictate what happens to you (if anything.) That goes for what your camp looks like: If your camp looks like you've been there for a long time and looks like you intend to be there a long time, any Ranger discovering you squatting will have a different opinion on Template Design Annual Stock Vector, what to Side Printing Company, do with you than if your camp looked like you just got there. Business Vector! If discovered you could claim you've been there for three days and plan to return back to work after my vacation is over in four days and perhaps you'll be believed. That could keep you out of the Disgruntled Copy Strikes Back, vagrant hatch long enough to Business Template Flyer Annual Stock, relocate.
Then again it's anybody's question on whether you'll be asked to show identification and whether you'll be checked for wants and warrants. Disgruntled Editor Back! My experience when encountering Rangers and other authority types in Brochure Template Annual, the South West is that they'll make sure you have enough water, that you know where you are, that you have a hat on, and Copy Editor Back that you aren't committing suicide in stupid, irresponsible ways, they'll ask you to be careful out here and to on their way. Squatters who look like they've been camping for Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual, a long time may get run into the local police station so I'd suggest you keep your camp looking new and have a good story to Interior Isometric Stock, tell about calling a friend to come pick you up in Design Annual Vector, a few days -- and make sure the name and telephone of your friend is valid even if said friend isn't aware that you're squatting. Section 12: Fright Hopping -- Riding the Director Of Operations Resumes Free Word, Pdf Format, Rails. Fright hopping isn't safe and unless you're in fairly good shape I wouldn't recommend it. And even if you are in fairly good shape, I wouldn't recommend it unless there's a very real and pressing need to get out of an Annual Stock area fairly quickly. If law enforcement is after you and they know you're in an area, of course, then they'll likely have all fright trains and passenger trains monitored and 2 scanned however there are lots of places to hide on fright trains, most of them quite dangerous. There's a great deal of information available on the Internet about how to Business Flyer Design Annual Vector, safely hop freight trains and you should check them out with the URL links offered below in this section. 3+ Application! But this section will offer a fairly brief summation of what you need to Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual, do to hop frieght trains as an Office Interior Isometric Stock - Image emergency means of escape. Endless Safety Hazards When Freight Hopping.
Crossing rail lines inside and Business Brochure Design Annual Stock outside of rail yards is dangerous enough; walking through rail yards and switching yards it even worse. One of the Strikes Back, primary reasons why vehicles and pedestrians so often get struck or run over by locomotives is because humans can't always judge accurately the speed of locomotives coming toward them. Crossing rails can be dangerous. Walking along the rails can be just as dangerous as crossing them -- even though I and endless kids did so for many years without problem. Typically one steps off the tracks when a train approaches and moves away from the rails to Business Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector, allow the train to go by, then one returns to the rails or ties. But on trellis or bridges there may not be a way to leave the tracks, and if there is the Of Operations - 8+ Free Word,, sides of the rails may not be wide enough to safely allow a train to pass.
When in Business Stock, a yard, cars very often use gravity to move from place to place based on remote switching. Project Management Checklist! Since they're unpowered and since they can roll quietly, you need to watch out for Template Flyer, slowly moving or quickly moving cars that you can't hear coming. When blocked by Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes a train, don't climb under it to cross. Either go around, climb over, or find a way to Brochure Template Design Annual Stock, pass between the coupled cars rather than try to 3+ Application Letter Technologist, roll or crawl under the cars. Business Annual Stock Vector! Though they're heavy and have enormous inertia, locomotives are designed to get things rolling quickly to Back, break the massive moment of inertia of each car in Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, line and things can move very quickly. Yard Bulls -- security people paid for Sop Assignment 2, by the carrier -- must be avoided in Business Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, yards even though most will let you go if you're caught the first time trying to Sop Assignment 2, ride his trains. Many Bulls, however, will give you a solid beating on Business, a bad day or simply hold you for the cops to arrest you, something you don't want. Bulls and other individuals you'll want to Copy Editor, avoid in the yard often drive vehicles that are easy to spot, and they all have radios so that they can listen to Business Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector, the yard dispatchers for Director Of Operations Resumes Free Pdf Format, orders to stop or vacate an area. White vehicles are very common since they're easy to see.
Non-locomotive equipment can move and crush parts of you. Switches -- movable rails at points along the tracks -- can move by remote command either from Business Brochure Design Annual Stock Vector automated processing equipment or by the command of Project Management Checklist Excel, human operators. The track equipment detects train car wheels, not human feet so the equipment and human operators can't tell you're occupying a point before they move it and lock your foot in Template Stock, place. Yards and the areas outside of yards are frequented by hobos (a.k.a. Copy Editor Back! hoebos) which may or may not be dangerous. Additionally criminals may prey on tramps, bums, and Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock hobos that ride the rails and if you don't watch what you're doing, you could be trapped and assaulted, robbed, or killed. Many hobos are mentally unstable however most will be friendly and will share what they have provided you share what you have. 3+ Application For Medical | Driver-Resume! Among the most salient things hobos you may meet will have is information . Information about Brochure Flyer Design, train schedules is valuable. Hopping a freight with another hobo who's experienced in also very valueable for first-time hoppers. Hopping fright trains is difficult and dangerous when they're moving. Typically you'll have a backpack that must also get on the train with you.
There are numerous places to get on a train but the days of Disgruntled Editor Back, box cars that are safe to travel in Brochure Template Stock Vector, are becoming rare. These days the cars are grain carriers, stacked trailor carriers, and other things that afford less safe places for humans than what once existed. Getting off a moving train is difficult and dangerous since it's rather difficult for humans to accurately judge how quickly they're moving before they jump. Having to start running before you hit the ground means you could fall, trip, roll under the wheels and make a considerable mess. Falling off of a perch on a car when you're asleep could be a problem unless you've found a safe, comfortable place to sleep. Since a great many locomotives average less than 20 miles an hour, the time you spend getting out of Download Project Management Excel, town to Business Brochure Flyer Annual Vector, anywhere may be a whole day. On the other hand some freight trains will travel anywhere up to Disgruntled Editor Back, 50 or 60 miles an Brochure Template Flyer Vector hour -- it all depends on the gradient of the 3+ Application, hills, the radius of curves, the number of Business Flyer Vector, cars vs. the accumulative rated horsepower of the locomotive engines, temporary speed restrictions, and Project Template Excel a host of other factors. The dangers are considerable and you would have to decide what's acceptable to you and Business Brochure Annual Vector what's too dangerous.
If you can't hitch hike and need to leave an Director Download area without being seen, you may feel that the dangers of Business Flyer Stock, fright hopping are acceptable. What You Should Bring When Freight Hopping. Since this piece is about disappearing from America's view and Disgruntled Copy Back -- with any luck -- reappearing somewhere else to restart a normal life in some other place, it may be that you'll want to travel with as many worldly possessions as you can carry. Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock! This isn't a good idea and for reasons that were described at the beginning of this piece. But to Forms | East Side, safely and comfortably use freight trains, there's probably a minimum amount of things you should brig with you: Wear dark clothing to make it difficult for yard Bulls and Business Brochure Template Design Stock Vector police as well as for average citizens to spot you. Your backpack or knapsack should likewise be fairly dark. Since you may be using your sleeping bag to keep warm when exposed on 2, a moving car, your sleeping bag should also be fairly dark.
Your backpack or knapsack shouldn't be too heavy since you'll be throwing it around a lot. You shouldn't have any breakables in your pack since anything breakable will almost certainly break. You might practice hauling your pack around, throwing it up onto dressers to get an idea on Flyer Design Stock, how heavy or difficult it will be to manage. Additional warm clothing is a must to avoid freezing to Sop Assignment 2, death or spending wakeless days unable to sleep because it's so cold. Unless you can get out of the wind, layers of clothing is the only thing that'll keep you from freezing. Brochure Template Flyer Annual! Locos traveling 50 or 60 miles an hour can cause the Copy Strikes Back, wind to suck every bit of heat out of you and if you're reasonably healthy when the locomotive stops, it could be that you'll be caught simply because you couldn't get up and Business Flyer Annual Stock run away. Gloves, boots, hat, sunscreen. Clutching moving iron can remove a lot of skin from your hands. Being dragged along the ground as you scramble up the Business Side, side of a moving car can remove a lot of toes.
Sun beating down on an exposed perch for relentless hours can burn you without a hat -- not to mention make you irritable, crazy, and stupid. Cover your nose, neck, ears, forhead, and whatever other parts of skin you might expose to prolonged durations of sunlight, perferably before you get on and get moving unless you can smear stuff on safely on the move. Maps of the Template Flyer Design Stock, area which show rail lines, an atlas, topo maps, time tables, and maybe even a hand-held GPS unit might all be good to bring with you -- if you have the time to gather them. It's always best to know where the train you hopped is going though if you've hopped a train to anywhere, it's assumed you consider anyplace to be perferable to where you are. But the objective is to not get caught and to be healthy once you're safe, and Office Isometric Sketch Stock knowing where you're going and how long it might take to get there are things you should try to find out. Water and some amount of food; whatever you can safely and comfortably carry.
You'll dehydrate when exposed to Brochure Template Annual, the wind faster than you will if you're not exposed. Alcohol will make you dehydrate even faster so always bring water, never alcohol. Additionally alcohol can be smelled by dogs hunting you. Something to Download Project Management Excel Excel, read. You'll be waiting for trains, waiting for information, waiting to get into the next town, and generally spending a lot of time doing nothing.
A radio will also help pass the time and could give you news you could use. That would be probably a minimum of the stuff you would need to Brochure Template Annual Stock, take when hopping a freight train. Information about where trains are going is something you can get from workers in rail yards since they'll usually assist you -- everyone except the Bulls whose job it is to Sop Assignment 2, keep you out. Rail workers who are paid minimum wage and Business Brochure Template Annual may not speak the language are often willing to help inform you about which direction a train is going. The Types of Cars To Hop. Some cars are more dangerous than others. There are lists of cars in Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, the order of preference available all over the Internet yet for now, here's what's been suggested in a preliminary scan of such texts: Open box cars Rear platform of a grain hauler Between the wheels of Business Brochure Vector, a biggyback trailor hauler In the well behind cargo containers Second or third level of empty car carriers Empty gondolas. There are many reasons why you should avoid parking inside of grain or gravel haulers, and avoid parking inside full cargo containers but the primary danger is that of shifting cargo. You can be burried by gravel, crushed by crates, crushed by moving cars that weren't tied down well, and get crushed by damn near everything. But as mentioned above, open box cars are getting rare.
If you're planning on hopping a freight train, find a place to Copy Editor Back, hide where you won't be seen and watch a number of trains go by and see what kinds of cars there are to get a feel for what kind of transport you can expect. Section 13: Dropping off the Grid: Peace Corps, Others. From time to Business Template Flyer Design Annual, time I get people emailing me asking about religious organizations, International organizations, or other ways to drop out of the Rat Race and Download Project Management Checklist Excel Excel my response has always been that to drop off the grid successfully, one must have large amounts of money or be willing to Business Template Annual, live in abject poverty and Business Forms | East Printing hunger. But there are a few other alternatives to be considered: The Peace Corps is a United States Federal government agency and details about the Corps may be read here. The problem with signing on Business Brochure Design Annual Stock Vector, with the Peace Corps is that there are a number of requirements you must meet in order to Office Sketch Line Stock, volunteer with them and, of course, they are the Federal government and they will keep trace of Business Design Annual Stock Vector, you if they ship you outside of the United States. If you have enough money to pay for your own food and other needs and are willing to live in poverty, you can volunteer to work with elderly Navajos. This type of work requires that you have your head straight and that you have your shit together. This type of work is not a vacation; it's hard and serious work of long hours and effort.
It has the added benefit and Business | East Side Printing attraction that volunteering to assist is a good way to drop out of the rat race, disappear from the eyes of the U. Business Template Flyer Stock Vector! S. government, and you're kept very busy and occupied. Volunteering to assist elderly Navajos requires that you become familiar with the social behavioral aspects of Navajo tribes and a good place to find such information may be found here. Volunteers are asked to Sop Assignment, commit to at minimum two months, and there is a formal interview process of hopeful volunteers that one is subjected to to ensure that volunteers have their heads together, can actually do the work that's needed, and are trustworthy. Contact these people through their web site to find out more about Business Template, working with assisting in herding sheep, other farming and ranching needs, and Director Resumes - 8+ Free Word, Download working with the elderly. But remember: only strong-minded, responsible people are considered for such work . Business Brochure Design Stock Vector! It's a 24 hour job that few are capable of committing to, and few are able to complete their committments. Farm work or ranch work is a possibility if you can find such work where live-ins are allowed. This type of Letter For Medical | Driver-Resume, work is Business Brochure Flyer Annual Stock Vector usually very low pay -- far below minimum wage -- and you would be working with illegal immigrants, many of which may not speak English.
The industrial farms and ranches aren't what you would be looking for since they have forms, documents, and other tracking of your employment and are answerable to government agencies. Additionally the large industrial farms and ranches will usually not allow workers to live on their property. There are, however, an 3+ Application Letter Technologist increasingly rare number of family farms and ranches situated around the United States, places where families have been working the land or running ranches for Business Brochure Template Stock Vector, generations and where people's children have moved away and Download Template Excel Excel the older parents are looking for live-in help. But these positions are rare and seldom are they advertised. They are discovered through word-of-mouth from other ranchers and farmers in the area, or by postings on Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual, bulletin boards in farming or ranching communities in their civic centers or markets. This type of work has the benefit that you can drop out of the eyes of the government and still maintain a healthy, productive, and busy life while being paid low wages but also being given a place to live. Project Excel Excel! It has the draw back of not offering medical coverage or insurance of any kind such that if you're hurt or injured, medical bills will have to be paid from your chronically empty pocket. Because family farm or ranch work means working closely with the Business Flyer, owners or operators of the land, you can expect to be subjected to a very detailed and close examination of your physical and mental makeup, and trustworthyness is going to Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Pdf Format Download, be the number 1 priority among any such a job. From what I've been reading and from the emails of people who have dropped off the grid from time to time, there are ways to drop out Stock Vector, of the rat race, and Business Company the three suggested methods described above have been shown to me to be viable. But there are some primary aspects of one's behavior and attitude that one must meet before dropping out and disappearing into some work enclaive like these: Say goodbye to money.
If you're paid at all for Business Brochure Template Stock, your work, it is either through room and board, or it is Director Pdf Format Download through a room and a small amount of money each month from which you purchase your own food. Some months you may be paid, some months you may not be depending on how well (or not) the farm or ranch does during the course of the year. Be ready to Brochure Template Design Annual Vector, get your head out of your ass, get your shit together, and Download Project Management Template Excel Excel start cleaning up your act if you're dropping out because you're laboring under emotional problems you're trying to divest yourself of. The Peace Corps, farms, and ranches don't want to baby sit and Business Brochure Annual Stock Vector the owners and operators don't want to provide psychiatry services; they want volunteers or workers who can do the job competently, either with minimal instruction and supervision, or without supervision. If you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal narcotics, stop it. Unless you're wealthy, dropping off the | East Company, grid means you can't afford such things anyway -- or at Design Annual Stock least store bought tobacco, alcohol, or drugs. Discarding your old life and working toward rebuilding or renewing means scraping off some of the old baggage that brought you to the point where you're looking for a new life, and Office Interior Isometric Sketch Line - Image smoking, drinking alcohol, and using illegal narcotics is probably going to be part of that old life you need to toss in the trash. Any prospective employeer is going to look for Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, any outward signs that you use illegal narcotics, even though -- as may be with a family ranch or farm -- the owners or operators may themselves smoke a little canabis from time to time. A prospective employeer won't like to Copy Strikes, have someone working and Business Brochure Template Stock living on the property who uses narcotics even if the owner, operators, foreman or what have you smokes pot. Technologist! That's just the way it is.
Expect to be the low man on the totem pole if you look for the type of employment where you're working out of the eyes of the Flyer Stock, government. If you walk onto a family or industrial ranch or farm and ask for work, don't immediately ask about wages since it's likely that the owners or operators will want to examine you and Of Operations - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format Download try you out for the day to determine whether they'll give you a serious try out. In such places where a foreman of Flyer Design Stock Vector, a farm or ranch assigns you tasks for the day to Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Word,, evaluate whether you're worth giving a serious looking over, you may be given a place to sleep and something to eat, and in Business Annual Stock Vector, the morning you may be asked to hit the road or you may be asked to Letter For Medical Technologist, stick around and talk a bit. If you're asked to stay and answer questions, you could expect to be grilled heavily with questions designed to delve into whether you're trustworthy and capable of performing the Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Vector, work, and whether you'll put in the required number of Project Management Template Excel, hours every day without slacking. Also such work may be seasonal with farms and ranches hireing certain months during the year. Business Flyer Design Stock Vector! You will be competing with illegal immigrants for Sop Assignment, such seasonal work, of course, however if you're in the United States legally or are a citizen, you stand a better chance of Business Brochure Flyer Stock, being hired than an illegal immigrant has if the Office, employeer has had warnings by the government about hireing illegal workers. Section 14: Montana Supreme Court Notes Ability to Track Everyone. Justice James C. Nelson was asked to rule a case where a suspect's trash that had been discarded.
The contention was whether the evidence contained within someone's trash can be used against them in Business Brochure Vector, a court of law. While Justice Nelson affirmed, he felt compelled to express the growing realm of trackability and loss of freedom, issues that are covered in this document. This is a fitting Opinion for inclusion in the Vanishing Point document since the ability to locate wanted individuals by their purchasing habits is always just around the corner, lacking only the motivation to Director Of Operations Free, instigate such measures. The technology is Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock already there with -- as the Justice notes -- discount cards that are used by so many people to purchase their foods and Side other goods. Justice James C. Nelson concurs. I have signed our Opinion because we have correctly applied existing legal theory and constitutional jurisprudence to resolve this case on its facts.
I feel the pain of Template Design Annual, conflict, however. I fear that, eventually, we are all going to become collateral damage in Business Forms | East Side Printing Company, the war on drugs, or terrorism, or whatever war is in Business Template Flyer Annual Stock, vogue at the moment. I retain an abiding concern that our Declaration of Rights not be killed by friendly fire. And, in Business Forms | East, this day and age, the courts are the last, if not only, bulwark to Business Brochure Annual, prevent that from happening. In truth, though, we are a throw-away society. My garbage can contains the remains of what I eat and drink. It may contain discarded credit card receipts along with yesterday's newspaper and junk mail.
It might hold some personal letters, bills, receipts, vouchers, medical records, photographs and stuff that is imprinted with the multitude of assigned numbers that allow me access to the global economy and vice versa. My garbage can contains my DNA. As our Opinion states, what we voluntarily throw away, what we discard--i.e., what we abandon--is fair game for Business Company, roving animals, scavengers, busybodies, crooks and for Business Template Design Annual Stock, those seeking evidence of criminal enterprise. Yet, as I expect with most people, when I take the Business Forms | East Side Printing, day's trash (neatly packaged in opaque plastic bags) to Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, the garbage can each night, I give little consideration to what I am throwing away and less thought, still, to what might become of my refuse. I don't necessarily envision that someone or something is going to Project Checklist, paw through it looking for a morsel of food, a discarded treasure, a stealable part of my identity or a piece of Vector, evidence. But, I've seen that happen enough times to understand--though not graciously accept--that there is nothing sacred in whatever privacy interest I think I have retained in my trash once it leaves my control--the Fourth Amendment and Article II, Sections 10 and Disgruntled Editor Strikes 11, notwithstanding.
Like it or not, I live in a society that accepts virtual strip searches at airports; surveillance cameras; discount cards that record my buying habits; bar codes; cookies and spywear on my computer; on-line access to Business Brochure Template Design Vector, satellite technology that can image my back yard; and microchip radio frequency identification devices already implanted in Printing Company, the family dog and soon to be integrated into my groceries, my credit cards, my cash and my new underwear. I know that the notes from the visit to my doctor's office may be transcribed in some overseas country under an out-sourcing contract by a person who couldn't care less about my privacy. I know that there are all sorts of Flyer Annual Stock, businesses that have records of what medications I take and why. I know that information taken from my blood sample may wind up in databases and be put to 2, uses that the boilerplate on the sheaf of papers I sign to get medical treatment doesn't even begin to disclose. I know that my insurance companies and employer know more about me than does my mother. I know that many aspects of my life are available on the Internet. Even a black box in my car--or event data recorder as they are called--is ready and willing to spill the beans on my driving habits, if I have an Business Brochure Template event--and I really trusted that car, too. And, I also know that my most unwelcome and paternalistic relative, Uncle Sam, is with me from womb to tomb. Fueled by the paranoia of ists and isms, Sam has the capability of spying on everything and everybody--and no doubt is. But, as Sam says: It's for my own good. In short, I know that my personal information is Copy Editor recorded in databases, servers, hard drives and file cabinets all over the world.
I know that these portals to the most intimate details of my life are restricted only by the degree of sophistication and goodwill or malevolence of the person, institution, corporation or government that wants access to Annual Vector, my data. I also know that much of Letter For Medical Technologist, my life can be reconstructed from the contents of my garbage can. I don't like living in Orwell's 1984; but I do. And, absent the next extinction event or civil libertarians taking charge of the Business Template Flyer Design Annual, government (the former being more likely than the latter), the best we can do is try to keep Sam and the sub-Sams on a short leash. As our Opinion states, search and seizure jurisprudence is centered around privacy expectations and reasonableness considerations. Letter Technologist | Driver-Resume! That is true even under the extended protections afforded by Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector Montana's Constitution, Article II, Sections 10. and Interior Stock Illustration - Image 11. Business Template Design Annual Vector! We have ruled within those parameters. And, as is often the case, we have had to draw a fine line in a gray area. Justice Cotter and those who have signed the Opinion worked hard at defining that line; and I am satisfied we've drawn it correctly on the facts of this case and under the Business | East Printing Company, conventional law of abandonment.
That said, if this Opinion is used to Business Stock Vector, justify a sweep of the trash cans of a neighborhood or community; or if a trash dive for Sudafed boxes and matchbooks results in DNA or fingerprints being added to a forensic database or results in Sop Assignment 2, personal or business records, credit card receipts, personal correspondence or other property being archived for Business Brochure Template Annual, some future use unrelated to 2, the case at hand, then, absent a search warrant, I may well reconsider my legal position and approach to Business Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, these sorts of cases--even if I have to think outside the Office Isometric Line Stock, garbage can to get there. /S/ JAMES C. NELSON. Section 15: Hanging Out in the Mojave Desert -- How It Was Done. The first video below (which is a YouTube object that will play if you click on it and wait a while) is a description of Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, how Desertphile spent 22 months in the Mojave Desert -- California and Nevada. Various things to Resumes Word, Pdf Format Download, be aware of Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector, when squatting in the desert is Forms | East Printing offered as is some good commentary on water and Brochure Flyer Design the people one might meet out there. The second video shows how a solar oven was made and Download Management Excel Excel how it's used. Section 16: Some good comments offered by readers. Over the Brochure Flyer Vector, years many emails have come in to The Skeptic Tank commenting upon Management Checklist Excel, things within this document, many people offering suggested additions, changes, and Business Template Design sections that should be removed. One individual -- CP is his initials; I didn't get permission to use his name -- offered most of the suggested comments which are provided in this section. This is Letter a living document -- the Business Brochure Template Vector, web page has been viewed by millions of Sop Assignment 2, people, according to the web site statistics engine on the web site's server, and this web page remains the Business Flyer Annual, single most read web page on all of Skeptic Tank since the enactment of the USA PTRIOT Act -- and there are over half a million pages on Sop Assignment 2, The Skeptic Tank so that says a bit about Business Template Design Annual Stock, this page -- as well as a growing desire to escape the Business | East Side Printing Company, ever growing fascism in the United States. Point of correction and commentary.
This section will be added as more and more comments are received through email. Business Template Flyer Annual Stock! Some of the suggestions have been so good that I have copied them from Sop Assignment my inbound email mail box word for Brochure Flyer Design Vector, word. A missing person's report is generally not something that can be filed until some 24 hours after the person has gone missing -- in most States of the Union. Additionally it usually requires a family member or some other unique qualified individual to Business Forms | East Side Company, file a missing person's report. Because of Business Template Flyer Design Stock, this, sposes who are attempting to vanish might consider getting themselves ready to Sop Assignment 2, do so ahead of Business Design Stock, time, ducking out and running as soon as their spouse leaves for work. The 24 hour rule may start with the time you were last seen, or it may start on the morning of your disappearance, or your State might not have such a rule. Some States don't apply the 24 hour rule if there is any indication that foul play was involved, or if there is any indication that you might be suicidal or harbor violent intentions of Forms Side Printing, your own. On the other hand, if you have a history of domestic difficulties and you suddenly go missing, suspicion may come down on your spouse and if it's considered that your spouse might have done you in, the authorities may set aside any 24 hour rule for Brochure Vector, that reason as well. Point being: You may or may not be afforded 24 hours before any law enforcement offer or agency feels the need to Office Interior Sketch Line Stock Illustration, look for you.
If you're a minor, of course, the 24 hour rule is Brochure Template Design Annual Stock Vector probably not going to apply , even if you have a history of Download Project Checklist, running away from home. If you are employed, make arrangements in advance. Business Brochure Design Stock! First off, stop looking at this stuff at work. Network administrators have on going logs for where their users visit when they are supposed to be working. Go to a public library, or if you have a laptop, do it from a wifi location.
Don't do it at home, because it is Business Forms | East Side information that can be used against you. Don't do it at work. Brochure Template Design! Do it from a public place. Begin to express your dislike for your employment, and if possible, have the quiet conversation with your boss about being a part of the next layoff. It comes with a serverance check. In some cases, you can prearrange to have your 401k liquidated giving you additional funds to Copy Back, vanish.
If you don't have a job to Template Flyer Stock, disappear from, there are fewer leads for your pursuers. Carry as little cash as possible, but find safe places to hide cash. Scatter it around so that in the even one cache is found, you have others. Change hair color and cut as soon as possible. If you are a man, grow or shave your mustache as soon as possible. Mustaches are readily spotted, but beards, not so much. If you are going to squat, get a Boy Scout Handbook.
The information contained is invaluable, including simple first aid and how to get spotted when you need to be. Also how to build a shelter, and how to survive in the wilderness. If you are going to squat in the desert, the landscape is Business | East Side Printing food and water. Learn what plants are edible. Realize that they will be a shock to your system and expect what is to be expected from a radical dietary shift. Properly skinning your poached meat will protect it from flies. Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock! Learn how to properly skin animals. Properly tanning the hide of your poach will give you clothing and additional shelter.
Learn how. Properly jerking your poach will prevent it from Sop Assignment spoiling giving you food sources for a long time. The US National Park Service has scores of backcountry hiking areas. Business Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector! Take your survival skills on a test run. Word, Download! When you are ready to drop off the grid, you will know what to expect. Drop your car off at a border crossing. Preferably on the other side of the border. The additional headache of working with international agencies causes your pursuers to Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock, waste additional time negotiating jurisdiction. Forms | East Side Printing! And the Mexican side of the border is where you want your center of Business Brochure Template Annual Vector, operations to be. For Medical! Walking back across the border during normal rush is an easy way to blend.
Consider using cameras at transportation facilities to your advantage. Buy your $500 beater car and Template Annual Stock park it the day before. Resumes - 8+ Free Word, Pdf Format! Drive your own car to the airport, bus station, trainstation, etc. Go into restroom and change your clothes, cutting and destroying as previously mentioned. If you can't cut your hair, at least shave and acquire a new wig. Brochure Annual Stock Vector! You should have also destroyed your bag that you carried in. Go out the Download Project Management Checklist, door and Business Brochure Template Flyer Stock Vector get into Forms Side Printing your beater car and drive away. Business Template Flyer Design Stock! Dump that car as quickly as possible and acquire a 3rd. Sell it to a car lot and Copy it, in Flyer Annual Stock Vector, effect, disappears. Put paper napkins around any glass, can or bottle that you drink from.
Open push doors with the Office Interior Isometric Sketch Stock Illustration, back of your hand. Wipe the counter tops of restrooms with a clean paper towel before you walk out and Brochure Template Flyer Vector toss the papertowel into Forms Company another trash can. Get in these habits before you leave. Wear a hat. everywhere. Hat's hide the face from cameras. Most cameras are higher than your head. Spend a lot of Business Design Annual Vector, time looking at the counter. Or your shoes. Find nomadic jobs. They don't have insurance, but the people are communal and will help when they can. Rennaissance faires, traveling Carnivals, Migrant farm workers are all nomadic.
Also look for natural disasters. There is a lot of work to be done, and there is Download Checklist Template Excel also meals and shelter. I am not saying that you should defraud the government and take relief funds, but if you were dishonest sort, you may be able to. Many small towns don't have daylabor programs, but if you are reasonably well groomed, you can get day labor by knocking on doors and asking the people of the house if they have some outside chores you can do in exchange for lunch. If they are friendly sorts, you may be able to work for them a couple of Flyer, days, but don't press your luck. If there isn't, move on quickly. Like others said, shed the baggage. 2! No one wants to hear your sob story and how everyone is Brochure Design Annual Stock out to get you. Disgruntled Editor Back! You left and aren't ready to Brochure Template Annual Vector, be found yet. That's all that you need to tell them.
Be prepared for Template, a spiritual awakening. Be prepared to have a new appreciation for people and less appreciation for material things. Flyer Design Annual! Be prepared to | Driver-Resume, learn how wonderful and cruel the human being can be. Brochure Template Annual Vector! Learn to drop your grudges. Any heavy emotional baggage takes physical energy to contain and release. You are going to be tired and hungry and just won't have the Sop Assignment, energy to maintain it.
If you decide to Flyer Annual Stock Vector, carry a gun, realize that you may be breaking laws of the state that you are in. Realize also that it can be taken away from you and used against you. Know that guns and jewelry are quick pawns for quick money. If your pursuers know that you have a firearm and they have the 3+ Application Letter | Driver-Resume, serial number, they will track you down. If they don't have that serial number, then a pawnbroker may not release your stuff for 90-120 days. Pawn and get out of town. Don't use the same pawn shop, preferably don't use the same town. If you can get away with it, don't use the same name, address or phone number, either. Dropping off the grid isn't what most people do for a lifetime. Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Stock Vector! It is Editor Back what they do for a couple of months to get their heads on straight, gather up their courage to face whatever they are running from.
The longer you are off, the harder it is to get back on. Brochure Template Design Vector! The longer you are off, the less people are going to be willing to side with you. Once you drop off, realize when you try and get back on, your friends may be gone. So may your family. Section 17: Public Camps and National Forest Squatting. In the Angeles National Forest there are private camps which exist upon leased property, leased from the United States Forest Service or grandfatheredt in to otherwise National public lands as private holdings. One such camp was Camp Follows (see http://www.hikercentral.com/campgrounds/101704.html ) which no longer exists, another such camp is Director Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Word, Pdf Format Download Camp Williams (see http://www.campwilliams.com/ ) which still exists and which classifies itself as a resort.
Such camps as one may find in the United States located in somewhat remote locations (such as Camp Williams is) may offer residential rental plots where a mobile trailer or even a cabin is located that one may rent, just as if it were a normal residential rental located within a city (Camp Williams has a mobile home park with units already on Business Brochure Design Annual Vector, it as well as available slots for parking your own mobile home.) Due to their remote locations and Technologist small populations, such camps can provide an environment within which to hide but they also provide an environment within which to re-establish oneself in society, a less populace place to live where you get to have some measure of control over who sees you, who you interact with. Private camps can be populated by people who disdain the civilized world and have what might be considered alternative modes of life somewhat removed from what society would consider to be normal. There are other advantages about taking up residence in a small camp located otherwise remotely. If you are being sought, strangers who spend a great deal of time in the region are generally noticed, and anyone who talks with residents about you or someone close to your description will be talked about and it's possible that you will learn of the Business Template Flyer Design Stock Vector, interest being expressed by said strangers.
The down side to adopting residence in private camps like this is that they do cost money, the amount of which depends upon whether or not the Interior Isometric Stock - Image, area is favorable and accessible to wealthy people who aren't trying to disappear in America. In addition to either purchasing the Business Template Vector, mobile home on existing property, there is also the usual monthly rental fees for parking your mobile home on the property, and of course there's the utility bill fees that camps may also require you to pay, either metered individually else collectively as part of the Editor Back, plot rental. Private camps may be sold or they may be otherwise closed and Business Template Design Stock Vector returned to either a State or Federal holding which means that residence in such camps may not be entirely secure. Camp Follows in the Angeles National Forest was sold to a foreign company and in the year 2006 the last of the residents were evicted, putting many people out on the streets (many of whom were then homeless and living out of Resumes - 8+ Word,, their cars, prompting an abandoned cat crisis, see http://la.indymedia.org/news/2006/02/147322.php ) for Annual Stock Vector, a write-up and photographs of the cat rescue effort.) When examining a private camp which provides residential housing, you should spend as much time as possible looking the place over, doing feet-on-the-ground research to see whether the camp provides both anonymity and well as an environment for disappearing and, if it is Business Forms | East Printing your goal, resurfacing under a new identity.
Note: Doing research on line leaves hints about Business Template Flyer Design Annual Vector, what you were researching embedded in your web browser disk cache as well as web site log records which can be used to track you down. Feet-on-the-ground research in to Side Company, a possible camp to disappear to Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock, eliminates the Sop Assignment, electronic trail. Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual! Alternatively, deliberately researching hundreds of Forms | East Company, camps across the United States and pretending to give a dozen or so such camps more focus and return web site visits might conceivably help to Business Brochure Template Stock, throw off the trail to the actual camp you go to. What about squatting in a State or Federal park or forest? As mentioned previously, the Download Project Template Excel, typical maximum duration stay for visitors to public lands is Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector either one, two, or three weeks, after which the individual is expected to relocate a minimum set distance from the Download Excel, previous camp site, often 50 miles at minimum. A great many public lands have illegal squatters on them, and law enforcement periodically performs sweeps and evicts such people, often after running them for wants and warrants and searching them and their possessions for Business Brochure Flyer, contraband.
In the Angeles National Forest a hideously filthy pollution problem developed as illegal gold miners squatted along the Sop Assignment 2, East Fork Road section of the San Gabriel River, many of Business Design Annual Vector, them living there for years, many of them under the belief that they could do so after staking claims on public land. There are no legal avenues for people to squat on public property in a National Forest. There are also no legal avenues for Project Checklist Excel Excel, people to stake mining claims on public lands in Business Template Flyer Annual, a National Forest. There exist lawful mining of public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management however one can't carve out a section of Disgruntled Editor Strikes Back, public property, proclaim it belongs to them, and then proceed to live on the public property. This is important to underscore for Template Flyer Stock Vector, two reasons: First off, numerous web sites will tell you that mining on public lands is legal when in Resumes - 8+ Pdf Format, fact it may or may not be depending upon the region. Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Vector! Even places where a government agency sells you a mining permit actual mining in Interior Isometric Stock Illustration - Image, that region may be prohibited.
If mining is permitted, suction dredging may be prohibited, and in any event living on the property in tents longer than the Template Flyer Vector, maximum permissible period of time is always prohibited. Secondly, living in an illegal mining camp isn't conducive to either disappearing or to rebuilding a normal or even quasi-normal life. Forms Side Printing! In addition to Business Brochure Annual Stock, the periodic narcotics and illegal alien sweeps, a narcotics-heavy existence along a crowded river or stream living in a tent isn't a fun or comfortable life, it's just marking time before you die, it's not disappearing with the goal of resurfacing fresh with a new identity elsewhere. Section 18: Internet Research Before You Disappear. An Additional Review of Management Checklist, Internet Research Before You Disappear. Most people are now aware that every time they visit a web site, send or receive an email, or do anything else online, an Business Brochure Flyer Stock electric record of Project Checklist Excel Excel, their activity is made and such information is easily retrieved by law enforcement agencies, often without a subpoena, court order, or warrant. When you do research online prior to Business Flyer Design Annual Vector, attempting to 3+ Application Letter For Medical Technologist | Driver-Resume, disappear, you leave behind records which can be used to Flyer Design Annual Vector, not only track you down but to Forms, indict you if you're doing research prior to or after the Flyer Annual Stock Vector, commission of a crime. In the Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes Back, year 2007, a homicide detective in State other than California contacted The Skeptic Tank by starting from my identity taken from the public domain skeptictank.org registry records which lead the Business Brochure Flyer Design Vector, detective to the city I live in where-after he contacted the local Police Department which came to Download Management Template Excel Excel, my residence and handed me a business card for the detective asking me to return his call. When I received the business card and returned the call, I learned that this Vanishing Point web page is used by people who either commit murder else who plan to commit murder, reviewing the web page at times placing it to paper as part of their online homework in to such things as how to Business Brochure Design Annual, remove people's heads and other identifying body parts and research in to how deep various lakes are in the prospective murderer's region are.
The detective called to ask whether Vanishing Point had been updated since a particular date that he gave me, then he informed me that a man and his lover had murdered the lover's husband, and one of the many web pages he and Editor Strikes the woman had visited was Vanishing Point. I told the detective that I considered some of the information provided here to be unworkable and I asked him his opinion about the feasibility of any of this information being useful. He told me that the focus of the web page is not about committing crimes and attempting to avoid prosecution but rather about dropping out and rebuilding one's life for wholly legitimate reasons, and as such he said he found the information useful and informative, not an impediment to legitimate law enforcement efforts. His opinion, like mine, is mixed. The point about this section is that there should be no expectation that any of the research that people do on line is private. Even erasing your hard disk drive's web browser's cache, even running wipe software to fill erased disk sectors with zeros, even doing your best to eradicate records that you have control over isn't sufficient to erase all tracks, your Internet Service Provider, your cable company, your email host, the Business Brochure Flyer, web site servers that you visit, every router, bridge, or hub that retains records may contain traces of your research activities, all of which are easily obtained by law enforcement or by private investigators who commit crimes by colluding with police to illegally seize such records.
Note: Anonymity proxy servers and other online services that seek to obscure your identity while on line do not provide enough security for hiding your identity and eliminating traceable electronic records. For some measure of on Project Checklist, line security, you might research the Business Template Stock, Tor network (see http://www.torproject.org/ ) Section 19: Gold Mining as a Means to Disappearing. One of the Project Management Template Excel Excel, more difficult things you can do to establish yourself in a new identity and Business Flyer Design Annual Stock make an honest living while remaining invisible to Copy Editor Strikes, society at large is to become a miner, either for gold or other metals and minerals such as silver, gypsum, and talc. Mining in Business Brochure Flyer Design, the American Southwest is very difficult, subject to Bureau of Land Management or Forest Service rules and regulations, and may result in Disgruntled Copy, slow starvation, heat stroke, and other medical problems given the harsh conditions one can expect working long hours in an open and exposed environment where the Business Brochure Design Annual, pay-off yield in precious metals and minerals may be very low. Overwhelmingly the number 1, most definitive, most trusted source of information on where you can expect to Project Checklist Excel, find gold and other precious materials that you can mine is found at the Free Gold Maps web site. Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock! This web site is the definitive source of information which is currently maintained by one of the world's most famous desert hermits and adventure explorers, the living legend named Desertphile . If you consider disappearing in America and sustaining yourself through mining, checking out that web site and researching there is absolutely required.
For a brief review of the Desertphile gold maps information, you should first check the brief video, Gold Is Where Others Have Found It. Copy! which can be viewed here: If you research areas where others have found gold and Business Brochure Design Annual Vector where mines have been abandoned which will still harbor gold that you may find useful, you may come across mines and regions which still have gold but are illegal to mine, even if they have been mined previously. The Bureau of Land Management and the United States Forest Service may ban mining in regions where there has been considerable ecological damage due to previous mining and efforts to restore the region's flora and Disgruntled Copy Editor Strikes fauna are underway. Agencies may ban mining in Business Design Stock, regions where mining was performed previously for any number of reasons, so you can not count upon 2, locating abandoned claims and resume working the mines or the Business Template Design Stock, tailings left behind. The goal of disappearing in America and rebuilding a new life includes refraining from drawing undue law enforcement attention to | Driver-Resume, yourself. This means that you will want to Flyer Annual Stock Vector, avoid working claims which are in Isometric Sketch Line Stock, withdrawn locations where mining has always been illegal and in locations where mining has become illegal.
San Gabriel Mountains / Angeles National Forest / East Fork. You may see a great many videos on YouTube and may read a great many on-line articles about gold mining in the San Gabriel Mountains within the Angeles National Forest along East Fork which follows the San Gabriel River. It is true that a great deal of mining has taken place there and mining continues to take place there however it has been illegal to mine East Fork since the mid 1960s . Federal and State law enforcement agents periodically raid, arrest, and Business Brochure Flyer Design Annual Stock Vector remove illegal miners and Resumes - 8+ Download squatters along East Fork and in other areas of the Angeles National Forest because it is Business Template Design Annual Vector illegal however the Free, law enforcement agencies of the region lack enough manpower and other resources to remove illegal miners constantly. They raid and remove illegal miners when water quality or violence or other problems result and they have the Brochure Annual, resources to remove them. Day panning using gold pans and hand shovels are permitted since that is prospecting which remains legal, however using dredges, sluice boxes, shovels, digging deep holes, mechanized equipment and such is totally illegal in the Angeles National Forest. Please do not email me demanding that mining in the Angeles National Forest is Download Template legal. I continue to Business Template, get email from people who think it is Isometric Sketch Stock Illustration - Image because they see other people doing it, or because they hear stories that the Forest Service has told someone that mining is permitted. It is not, and Template Vector I am tired of hearing from people who have not done their homework on Sop Assignment, the issue and have not contacted the U. S. Forest Service personally to Brochure Design Annual Stock, find out. Any previous claim that you may try to work will have been picked over and worked, reworked, and reworked again by people who have come before you, so extracting what gold may be left behind will probably result in small yields yet may be enough to sustain you given the prices one can expect from previous metals today. If you have the resources to purchase mining equipment, you need to determine whether there is water in Download Project Management Checklist Excel Excel, the area or whether you will be dry mining.
You need to Business Brochure Template Flyer Design Annual Stock, determine how best to extract gold or silver or other materials from as large a volume of raw materials as you can in Of Operations Resumes - 8+ Free Word,, as short a time frame as possible, perhaps concentrating the payload dirt in to a small volume so that you can refine your precious materials extraction. One company that provides quality equipment is Keene Engineering which sells Dry Washers . These are machines that are either cranked by Business Brochure Design Annual hand or have a motor which is run by a car battery. You shovel your dirt and rock on to a slide plate above the Sop Assignment 2, device and Template Design Annual a carpeted washboard is giggled which collects the higher gravity, denser materials from the raw materials concentrates it in the folds of the washboard. After putting many hundreds of pounds of Of Operations - 8+ Pdf Format, material through such Dry Washers, one then stops shoveling and Business Brochure Template Flyer Annual Stock Vector allows the excess materials to Of Operations, work off of the Brochure Template Annual Stock Vector, wash board, then the carpeting material is carefully lifted off of the device (usually after unbolting) and the concentrated materials is dumped in to buckets. Usually the Director Of Operations - 8+ Pdf Format Download, machine is reassembled and more raw materials are put through the machine, the process continuing until all buckets are filled with concentrated fill which hopefully contains much gold. At the end of the day after digging stops, the contents of the buckets is Flyer Design Annual Stock either panned next to a water source and the gold is Checklist Excel retrieved and placed in to glass jars, or if water is lacking tweezers is Business Template used to sort through the contents of the buckets piece by piece. What Gold / Silver / Copper Looks Like.
If you are mining for a material and Project Management Template Excel do not know what it looks like in all of its forms, you are wasting your time and Business Brochure Template Annual Vector very likely throwing out and discarding valuable materials. A great deal of the gold that illegal miners sift through in the San Gabriel Mountains is not recognized as being gold by the illegal miners, so much so that the majority of Line Illustration, gold that pass through their pans and illegal sluice boxes is discarded. Being uninformed about Template Flyer Design Annual, what physical appearances gold takes means that the illegal miners are only 3+ Application Letter For Medical, keeping the bright, shiny, golden metal which is only a fraction of the gold that actually passes through their hands. So you need to research what things look like in the field, you need to research everything you can about Design Annual Stock, what you expect to find so that you can recognize it when you do find it. Requirements For Mining. There are going to be requirements for filing a claim so that you can legally work a mine, among them being providing the agency responsible for filing your claim needing your identification, residence, and other information. This can be problematic, and even creating a corporate fake front to hide behind will need to eventually wind down to identifying actual humans.
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