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Book Report /Lit. Analysis of Anna Karenina. Anna Karenina Humanitarian and philosophical insight is Letter - All Design Letter, usually the intent and achievement of Letters - Anita Woodleyanita Woodley, both classic and modern literature. About Letter! Tolstoy’s drama Anna Karenina embodies this sentiment flawlessly. Education Essay! It is inspired in its depth and Letter About intricacy, daring in the complexity of its characters, and powerful in Education And Career Goals its commentary on the influence of sociality and Design Letter propriety in contrast to human nature and intrinsic behavior. We will write a custom essay sample. on Book Report /Lit. Resume Templates | Sample And Free! Analysis of Anna Karenina or any similar. Letter - All! topic specifically for Buildings And Improvements, you. Oblonsky, a Moscow man of high society, cheats on his wife and Professional Letter - All About nearly disbands his family; Anna, his sister from Petersburg, intercedes on his behalf with his wife and in Rite > Inventory the process meets the count Vronsky. Constantine Dmitrich Levin, a childhood friend of Oblonsky’s, comes to Moscow to propose to Katya (Kitty) Scherbatsky, whom Vronsky has been courting, and Professional Letter Design Letter is consequently turned down by Kitty. Is It? Estate Is Land And Improvements! Vronsky abandons Kitty to Professional - All Design Letter, follow Anna home, as he has fallen in Land Contract Examples In Word, Pdf love with her, and persuades her (without much difficulty) to cheat on her husband; resultantly, they enter into Letter - All Letter, a passionate love affair that eventually becomes destructive. Almost directly after being rejected, Levin retreats to his home in the country to continue his book on farming techniques, completely unaware of Real, Kitty’s situation, while she is Professional Letter - All Letter, devastated.

Karenin, Anna’s husband, begins to suspect of her affair; when he confronts her about it, she denies it completely and makes him feel foolish for Contract Agreement Examples, suggesting it, and Professional Letter his suspicions are therefore confirmed. 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate Template Word! When Anna finally declares her fallacy to - All About Design Letter, him, Karenin unsurprisingly becomes despondent and is determined to have revenge on Anna by forcing her to Education And Career Essay, come back to Professional Letter - All About Design, him and What Real And The Buildings keep up old pretences and appearances. Professional About Letter! Meanwhile, Dolly (Oblonsky’s wife) goes out to live in the country while Oblonsky is away on business, and Education Essay convinces Levin that Kitty, in About Design Letter truth, does love him. He eventually proposes to her again, and is this time accepted. In Petersburg, Karenin evicts Anna when she breaks his conditions of magnanimity, and is about to divorce her formally when she falls deathly ill during and Of Recommendation Graduate School Template Word following childbirth and he miraculously forgives her for everything; unfortunately for him, once she recovers, she still hates him, and Letter Letter (without letting Karenin divorceher) she leaves with Vronsky and What Real Estate And Improvements begins traveling abroad with him. Page 2 Book Report /Lit.

Analysis of Anna Karenina Essay. Letter Letter! Vronsky and Anna eventually make it back to Russia, and find a place in the country, and she obtains a divorce from What Is It? Estate Is Land Karenin; Vronsky and Anna as a couple are deteriorating and she eventually kills herself out of despair.Levin and Kitty, despite an initially rocky marriage, financial hardship, and Professional Letter - All Kitty’s near death in childbirth, live happily ever after. Anna is kind, beautiful, compassionate, and full of life – she is Letter Sample | It Project, altogether perfect, and Design thus she is false. The selfish (occasionally to Recommendation Letter Sample Teacher, the point of cruelty) element of Letter About, her nature begins to display itself after she meets Vronsky. What Is It? And The! When she is informing her husband of her affair, she is blunt and brutal enough to say, “I was, and I could not help being in despair [in my love for you]. […].

I love him. I am his mistress; I cannot endure you, I am afraid of Professional Letter - All About Letter, you and Rite > Plug-In Directory Report I hate you. Letter Letter! “ (231) However, she can’t be completely condemned; she is an Is It? Real Buildings extremely complex character, and one can’t help but to About Design, sympathize with and pity her for her plight. Through the Education And Career Essay, kindness she shows to those around her, both above and below, and her touchingly profound love of her son, we, as an - All audience, come to > Plug-In > Inventory Report, appreciate the Letter Design, ambiguity and Letter Sample convolution of Professional Letter, her character and Recommendation Letter For Language Teacher | It position. On the one hand, she demonstrates definite cruelty to Professional About Design, and hatred for her human and injured, if somewhat insensitive and slightly contemptible, husband and on the other, her beatific and - Anita Woodleyanita untainted love for Professional - All About Design, her son and the kindness and compassion she shows to her brother’s wife. What Is It? And The And Improvements! Vronsky is Design, shallow and Free | Sample Resume fashionable, the Professional Letter About Design, epitome of Tolstoy’s commentary on 11+ Letter Template Word reputedly high society. In the beginning of the novel, he is courting young Kitty, believing himself to be quite in love with her (as she is with him), and yet “[m]arriage had never presented itself to him as a possibility”. 71) Even from the beginning, Vronsky possesses no desire to be tied down in any way: he is the Letter About Letter, bachelor, through and Letter Sample Teacher Project through.

Especially given Vronsky’s superficial disposition, it is by no means difficult to ascertain the About Design, original source of his fascination with Anna: “It was as though her nature was so brimming over with something that against Endorsement Woodleyanita Woodley her will expressed itself now in a radiant look, now in Professional Letter - All Design a smile. She deliberately shrouded the light in Rite her eyes but in spite of herself it gleamed in - All Design Letter the faintly perceptible smile”. 71) However, this vivaciousness and beauty, and particularly her consciousness of > Plug-In > Inventory Report, it, began to grate on him; he would feel, sometimes, that she would use her loveliness to manipulate him and About soften him. Now that he knows her completely and her element of mystery is 11+ Letter Of Recommendation, lost, Vronsky realizes his ebbing appreciation for Professional Letter - All Design Letter, her charm and Recommendation Sample For Language Teacher | It mystique: “But he felt utterly different towards her beauty now. In his feeling for - All About Letter, her now there was no element of mystery, and To Girlfriend so her beauty, though it attracted him even more than before, gave him now a sense of injury”. 575) As Anna’s jealousy, misery, and - All About craving for love grows, Vronsky becomes progressively more estranged from his initial sentiments, eventually ending in Teacher Anna’s ultimate despair at losing both the man she loves and - All About the son she loved so dearly. Though somewhat awkward and uncomfortable around members of sophisticated society, Levin is a kind-hearted man with a strong sense of morality and high ideals. Endorsement! His brother, Koznyshev, is a philosopher highly educated and positively revered in Letter About Letter urbanity, respected throughout many circles as a brilliant man of the world. Levin, too, is Education Goals Essay, extremely intelligent, and also possesses a distinctive philosophical streak: he, however, is far more comfortable in Professional Letter About Design the natural world of Recommendation For Language Teacher, which his brother so extols but does not legitimately partake. All the same, he is About Letter, highly successful in his own right. Levin is driven by constant introspective questioning in Templates | Sample Resume And Free relation to his work on Professional - All Design Letter the farm, and later his love and familial life with Kitty.

A rather unconventional book exploring the relationship of the Russian peasant to farming techniques occupies most of | Monthly Budget Forms, his time, but he occasionally finds solace in manual labor with the peasants. As a result of his general avoidance of societal conventions, Levin’s surprise at Professional - All figuring out that his and Kitty’s relationship was not in fact totally unique in its interactions, altercations among those, was an interesting baring of Goals, Levin’s naivete. The novel closes with Levin’s finally contented and Letter About Design closed philosophical musings, tying together Tolstoy’s illustration of the Graduate School, goodness of a life close to the earth. Although Tolstoy isn’t particularly coy about the time-frame surrounding Anna Karenina, neither does he take any great pains to elucidate it. Letter Design Letter! There is a general impression of many ideas present around the time of the American Industrial Revolution and the First World War, but very few direct references. Education And Career Goals Essay! A slightly skewed allusion, however, is Letter - All About, made by Levin’s brother (Nikolai the sickly) to symbols of Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter, Fascism, a possible indication of About Design Letter, time-period and yet another hint of the Free Resume Resume Resume, atmosphere: “He pointed to Letter About Design, a bundle of 5+ Apology | Monthly, iron bars tied together with string, lying in a corner of the room. ‘Do you see that? That’s the beginning of a new enterprise we’re embarking upon, a productive association […].

You know that capitalism is Letter About Design Letter, strangling the 5+ Apology | Monthly Budget, worker. ” (102) This underlying tone of political instability is - All Design, personified nicely by the confused court-election proceedings that Levin attends, and Goals Essay further captured by the consistent, subtle hints at a recent transition from the medieval institution of serfdom. Professional Letter About! The most effective insertions of these hints occur almost unnoticeably, such as when Levin and Letters Woodleyanita the peasants are mowing, and Letter - All About Letter “they had cut the Sample Contract Agreement - 6+ Examples In Word,, whole of the big meadow, which used to take thirty men in the time of serf labor”. Professional Letter About Letter! (274) Moscow and Petersburg are the representatives of the Directory Report, high society and the busy but fairly frivolous lifestyles of the members of that society. In the city, we find that the - All, characters within, especially those that originate from elsewhere, experience hardship and unhappiness within. Levin and Kitty, when they go to Moscow for Kitty to give birth, provide an unexpected exception to Endorsement - Anita, this general rule: though they nearly go bankrupt and Professional Letter - All Letter Kitty almost loses her life to her unborn child, the city (at first) gives respite from Education And Career Essay Levin’s previous fits of Professional - All, jealous unreasoning. 5+ Apology Forms! The idea of a peace attained through agriculture and a connection to natural world – “He thought of nothing, wished for nothing, except not to Letter - All Design Letter, be left behind and to And Career, do his work as well as possible”.

273) – seems to Letter Design, crop up rather frequently in Karenina. The dangers and disadvantages of social, economic, and industrial “progress” are well-characterized by the constant aversion of Levin’s hired laborers to 11+ Letter Of Recommendation | Letter, work with new methods and tools, the Professional Letter, general unhappiness of those who are “progressives” like brother Nikolai and Golenishchev, and 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate Template Word the railroads as perpetrators of Letter - All About Letter, harmful events (such as the “bad omen” of the killed railway worker at Vronsky and Anna’s first meeting, Vronsky’s initial stalking of Anna, and 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School Template Word Anna’s eventual suicide). The peace and happiness that can be achieved by Letter - All About Design surrendering to 5+ Apology | Monthly Forms, a higher power, whether it be religion like Karenin’s, in Professional Letter - All About Letter his newfound Christian fervor, the acceptance of the inevitable, where Levin comes to acknowledge death and determines to live as though he had no purpose but to perpetrate goodness. Conversely, Anna is utterly destroyed when she tries to fight against Letters - Anita Woodleyanita her own nature and against propriety. Professional Letter Design Letter! Tolstoy expresses a somewhat conformist message for his time, but communicates it in a rather profound manner nonetheless.

Tolstoy’s overall commentary of the “high and What Is It? Real Is Land And The noble” society he illustrates seems to Letter - All Letter, be critical, but he captures it thoroughly in all its intricacy, uncertainty, and bewilderment.

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Latin America at the Crossroads:An Introductory Essay. Not for Professional - All Design Letter, the first time in its arduous history, Latin America stands poised at a crossroads. Continuing along the Education Goals Essay present path of deepening indebtedness, never-ending recession, plummeting employment and Professional Letter - All Design household impoverishment is simply unsustainable. It would be a mistake to conclude that the dominant economic policy paradigm in the region is exclusively responsible for this sorry performance. Nonetheless, the verdict is now in on the ability of the market-based economic policies associated with the Washington Consensus to generate positive results: The market-driven model has failed miserably, and alternatives need to 5+ Apology Letter To Girlfriend Budget be put in place sooner rather than later. Historians may look back on the utter collapse of the Argentine economy in 2001 as the critical moment that awakened the About Letter world to the extent of the region-wide crisis. The Argentine debacle carried with it the real possibility of analogous breakdowns in neighboring Uruguay and Brazil. [2] Perhaps more importantly, the crisis coincided with persistent economic emergencies across much of the Andes and significant portions of Central America and the Caribbean. The full range of neoliberal reforms were not applied in all of the countries that teetered on the brink of Education Goals social and Professional Letter Design Letter economic catastrophe at one point or another from the mid-1990s through 2002. Yet even where popular resistance had managed to block domestic implementation of some market-oriented reforms, the crises and their social repercussions could be traced to Letter | Monthly the impact of a broadly neoliberal international regime on domestic economic stability.

Argentina was crucial, not only for the extreme nature of its predicament and Professional About the breadth of - Anita Woodleyanita its reverberations, spanning oceans beyond Latin America, but also because it had for so many years served as the model for the advocates of wholesale privatization, deregulation, trade liberalization and financial integration. Finally, Argentina’s ordeal reflected the degree to which today’s Latin American economic crisis is of even greater dimensions than that which accompanied the Great Depression or the debt crisis of 1982. Argentina may or may not represent the proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back. But there is little doubt that its crisis marked the end of the Professional - All About Design Letter period during which power-holders in Latin America, and its de facto capital city for economic policymaking, Washington, D.C., could ignore the outrage over the inevitable consequences of the Sample In Word, economic model prescribed for the region. However we allocate blame for the economic devastation that has brought ruin to Professional - All About Design Letter millions of households across Latin America and the Caribbean, it is time to label the experience clearly.

There should be no dispute that it qualifies as a tragedy of historic proportions. Protests from the direct victims of this region-wide tragedy have time and again elicited reactions of disinterest, dismissal or suppression from government officials and 5+ Apology To Girlfriend international financial institutions. Before the Argentine collapse, few were willing to listen to progressive intellectuals or advocacy groups outside the region who condemned, as consciously or inadvertently pernicious, the Letter About Design Letter process of wholesale privatization, institutional dismantling and regressive redistribution that was being foisted upon Latin American countries for Education Essay, roughly two decades. But those raised voices can no longer be ignored. Professional Letter Design Letter. It is not only that the evidence of 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School Template failure now exceeds the capacity for denial of even the most impervious economists.[3] Rather, what is most significant is that the Professional - All About Design Letter political pendulum has now swung decidedly against the champions of the market as a one-size-fits-all solution to Latin America’s economic woes. For Language Project. In one Latin American country after another, progressive leaders have come to office and are confronting the Letter - All Design Letter established paradigm, as Cecilia Lopez Montano notes in her contribution to this NACLA Report.

At times, as in Brazil, they are doing so only at the margins, at least for now.[4] But elsewhere, as in Argentina and, arguably, in Venezuela, they are confronting that paradigm and its apostles head on. Perhaps most importantly, the shift is now emerging beyond the Sample Land Agreement In Word, Pdf context of national level economic policies. This point was driven home last September when developing countries walked out Letter About Letter, of the trade negotiations at Cancun, declaring themselves fed up with the collusive charade being enacted by the governments of the United States and the European Union. To say that we have reached a turning point is not to predict any single likely outcome. Quite the contrary, in Latin America as in so much of the world, we are witnessing a moment of highly uncertain flux. That very uncertainty signals the degree to which what is at stake in the debate over Latin American development strategies is a matter of intense struggle.

As Keith Nurse underlines in his critique of developmentalist discourse in this report, this struggle is highly political as well as economic. He reveals the often diverging interests of 11+ Letter Of Recommendation School Word North and South, not to Professional Letter - All mention the Contract - 6+ Pdf depth of the chasm separating the forces that wish to safeguard hierarchies and privilege from those who would overturn these in the interest of social justice. This is also an Letter About Design intellectual struggle between the defenders of orthodoxy who inhabit the corporate world, developed country governments and 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter international financial institutions, and on the other side, their critics, who march in the streets or who work in advocacy organizations, academia, policymaking positions in Southern governments or in development agencies of various kinds. This NACLA Report aims to enter this fray, to provide an overview of some of the questions that are being debated vigorously in Latin America and the Caribbean, and to highlight some of the more provocative ideas circulating among progressive analysts of development in the region. We do not aim to achieve consensus, not to mention closure. Indeed, it would be premature to attempt either. Our admittedly more modest objective is simply to situate the Letter - All Letter present conjuncture in Essay, a broader historical context, to signal areas of particularly heated controversy and to suggest some elements of an eventual alternative. We reject in Letter - All About Letter, advance the objections of those who would demand that we must put forth compelling answers to all pending questions before the prevailing model can be abandoned. Quite the contrary: It is And Career Goals Essay, well past time for Professional About Design, those in the policymaking community who have spear-headed the more than two decades of devastation to recognize the depths of Sample Contract Agreement - 6+ Examples In Word, Pdf their failure and to acknowledge the legitimacy of schools of thought diverging considerably from their own. The Mexican debt moratorium of Letter - All 1982 brought to a sudden close the inward-oriented development model that had prevailed throughout the region—to differing degrees—at least since the Second World War.

Though it afforded greater opportunities both for upward mobility and for sustaining social solidarities than the market-oriented model that succeeded it, the post-war recipe for development was far from perfect, and none of the contributors to this issue of the Report proposes its resuscitation. Based on protection of domestic markets, subsidies for local industry, public investment and favoritism toward organized producers (who more often than not were disproportionately male, white and urban), it achieved impressive rates of Of Recommendation Graduate Word economic growth and constructed incomplete but often ambitious systems for social protection. Professional Letter - All About Design. It was during this period that social security, unemployment insurance, health care and 11+ Letter Of Recommendation extensive public education became accessible to substantial segments of the middle and working classes. Of course, these achievements were woefully partial and in more cases than not were bequeathed from the state by authoritarian leaders instead of conquered from below by a mobilized citizenry. Perhaps for this reason, these accomplishments came at considerable cost. Latin America’s inequalities remained among the most severe on Letter - All Letter, the planet, because social groups that lacked privileged ties to the prevailing political order did not share in the fruits of the industrial boom or the state-building process that endured for several decades.[5] Exclusion was particularly widespread among Latin Americans residing in the countryside. For them agrarian reform all too often remained an unfulfilled promise—if it was promised at all—as oligarchies, which in some cases remain entrenched to this day, resisted even timid efforts to Endorsement Letters - Anita Woodleyanita modernize land tenure regimes.

Nor did the benefits of this model extend to the tens of - All About Design Letter millions of urban poor who toiled under conditions of informality, frequently residing in the urban squalor of Recommendation Letter Teacher | It teeming shantytowns that sprung up inexorably as rural communities migrated to the cities when their agricultural livelihoods disappeared. The highly centralized systems that characterized this period were also exclusionary in other respects. They typically allowed little space for citizens to articulate demands autonomously or to forge creative solutions to collective concerns at local and - All Design Letter community levels or in their relationship to Resume | Sample Resume the broader political order. In short, while the Letter Design Letter development paradigm that was eclipsed with the debt crisis was not a total failure, it was not an effective strategy for empowering subaltern populations or for constructing social and And Career political citizenship in the broadest, most emancipatory sense of the term. The story of neoliberal adjustment and Professional Letter - All About Design restructuring is - Anita Woodleyanita Woodley, sufficiently well known that there is no need to recount it here. It suffices to say that much of Letter Design Letter what was constructed during the Education Goals Essay pre-debt crisis decades of economic growth has eroded to the point of near extinction. In South America, for example, the industrial landscape has decayed dramatically and About Design probably, irretrievably. The minority of industrial units that survive competitively have boosted productivity to levels hardly imaginable not long ago, but these typically represent mere enclaves, accounting for Contract Examples, negligible employment and connecting unevenly, at Professional Letter, best, to the broader fabric of economic life. Although industry has performed better in Mexico and in 11+ Letter Graduate Template Word, parts of Central America and the Caribbean, dynamism has been concentrated in production of relatively low value-added goods in export processing zones that typically afford low wages and Professional Letter - All About Design limited ties to domestically-oriented enterprises. Thus, the industrial upgrading that is rightfully given priority by several contributors to this NACLA Report remains elusive, and 5+ Apology Letter | Monthly Forms the result is that both the supply of Professional Letter - All About Letter jobs and their quality is inadequate to meet the needs of households and communities throughout the Sample Agreement - 6+ region. Much the Letter Design same can be said for agricultural production, where again the greatest advances have been achieved in sectors that are oriented to Endorsement - Anita Woodleyanita Woodley external markets and that provide only limited benefits in employment or in demand for domestic enterprises.

The restructuring of the past two decades has also had a devastating impact on the institutional underpinnings of social welfare. Latin America’s social security systems and public universities, to Letter - All About Letter cite just two examples outside the narrow realm of economic production, were flawed fundamentally. But they were worthwhile beginnings for societies that imagined a future in which all citizens would share opportunities to improve their lot. - Anita. Those institutions, victims of chronic under-funding and of an ideologically driven crusade to relegate the provision of public goods to the market, now face extinction. However, all has not been lost. Public expenditures on education and social services have in fact increased substantially in Letter - All About Letter, recent years virtually everywhere in Latin America, a trend supported by both the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank.[6] And while tax systems remain regressive and raise insufficient amounts of revenue given the range of urgent social and economic needs, the reality is that the Education Goals administrative capability of states to collect taxes has risen substantially. In this regard, as with advances in the efficiency and transparency with which some public services are delivered, not all of the reforms advocated by multilateral institutions must necessarily be jettisoned in order for a progressive alternative to take hold. Letter - All About Letter. Indeed, there are noteworthy instances in 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School, which Latin America’s peoples are reaping the benefits of administrative reforms aimed at facilitating what Judith Tendler described, in her aptly titled book, as Good Government in the Tropics.[7] It is possible to build on these gains, but—as each of the contributors to this issue of the NACLA Report argues—for that to be possible at least two decisive shifts are imperative. Above all, policy- making must abandon a fundamentalist faith in markets and in the desirability of economic growth as the “be all and end all” of economic development. Instead, as Mariama Williams argues in her account of the contribution made by feminist economists to understanding collective well-being, priority must be given to enhancing the social welfare of the populations that inhabit Latin America and the Caribbean.

That transformed emphasis for policy—on satisfying people’s needs rather than on maximizing space for efficient operation of markets or on implementation of any other narrow ideological agenda couched in terms of technocratic efficiency—is as urgent as it is Design, straightforward. Secondly, and | Letter Template Word not unrelated, development must be understood as inextricably linked to the construction of democratic societies in which people’s needs and preferences are recognized as essential underpinnings of sound public policy. The past decades of Latin American history are replete with examples of market-oriented reforms that were imposed over the objections—or behind the backs—of the citizenry, often by Professional - All About Design Letter leaders who had been elected to Recommendation Letter Sample Teacher | It office precisely on Letter - All Letter, the basis of pledges not to enact such measures. Yet even where it can be argued plausibly that painful reforms were overdue—cutbacks in protections for privileged sectors of the 5+ Apology To Girlfriend Budget civil service are one obvious example—the costs of top-down imposition of change have typically far exceeded those of the problem they supposedly aimed to overcome. Whether motivated by their own distance from the everyday lives of the people they govern or by pressures to conform to Letter About Letter the demands of international investors or officials of multilateral agencies, political leaders throughout Latin America enacted the Washington Consensus without regard to Recommendation Letter For Language Teacher public opinion. It has become commonplace to observe that, in so doing, they undermined societal trust in democratic institutions and leaders. But the costs of this exclusionary approach to decision-making run much deeper. They are found in the absence of civic engagement and Letter Letter social solidarity that characterizes many Latin American and Caribbean societies where awareness of collective interests once permeated political discourse. Overcoming this particular legacy of neoliberal reform will take decades and Education And Career Goals Essay will require vibrant efforts from social movements, from government officials and from citizens in all walks of life. Juan Pablo Perez Sainz and Katherine Andrade-Eekhoff are right to emphasize that the prospects for improving social welfare in the region will hinge on the capabilities of communities to forge integrative projects for - All Design Letter, development. And Career Goals. In other words, it is essential to elaborate strategies for change that incorporate the abilities and interests—and thus the Professional Letter About enthusiasm—of the broadest possible segments of the population.

Anything less than that will be insufficient to overcome the heritage of polarization and underdevelopment that pre-dates the neoliberal era but that has grown so much more severe under its auspices. To identify a socially-driven agenda and a politically democratizing mode of decision making as crucial is an important step forward, but for these aspirations to be realized will require prolonged practical and intellectual struggles. Endorsement Letters Woodleyanita Woodley. It is toward the fusion of such currents of struggle that this issue of the Report is directed. The issues that could—indeed, that must—be addressed are far greater than we can accommodate in any single issue of the Report. Our intention, however, is to expand upon this effort during subsequent issues over Letter About the next year. Debate about development alternatives will continue for some time to come and in Endorsement Letters, many different venues.

One such venue may well be the Annual Conference on Development and Change, which Fred Rosen chronicles in Letter - All About Design, the next article of this report. It provided the initial occasion for Endorsement Letters Woodleyanita Woodley, the contributors gathered herein to share ideas about these issues. There will be others as well, and Letter - All NACLA will strive to bring to its readership information about these events and analyses of the debates that they engender, for Latin America and Sample For Language | It the Caribbean, as for other regions of the South. ABOUT THE AUTHOR. Eric Hershberg, a Program Director at the Social Science Research Council, is Professional - All, a guest editor of this Report. He is 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School Template, currently a Visiting Fellow at Princeton University’s Program on Latin American Studies (PLAS) and the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS) and President of NACLA’s Board of Directors. 1. I am grateful to PLAS and PIIRS for - All About, funding support during the writing and editing of this Report and to Fred Rosen for comments on an earlier draft of this essay. Endorsement - Anita Woodley. Errors of omission, commission or interpretation are solely my responsibility. 2. Indeed, the contagion effects were substantial. Uruguay’s GDP declined by 4% during 2001 and an additional 11% during 2002.

By the Professional Letter Letter end of last year, per capita GDP had fallen to $3,700 from $6,800 at the end of Agreement Examples In Word, Pdf 1998. See . The Brazilian economy, meanwhile, labors under draconian budget cuts and interest rates kept sky-high in Professional Letter - All About Design Letter, a desperate—so far successful—attempt to persuade Wall Street bondholders that its left- of-center government can be relied upon to ensure healthy returns on their investments. In both countries, the situation could grow considerably worse. 3. Perhaps the most systematic review of the reforms, and one that ultimately assigns a mixed report card to Sample Contract Agreement In Word, Washington Consensus policies, is Barbara Stallings and Wilson Peres’, “Growth Employment and Equity,” (Brookings, 1999). - All Letter. The authors conclude that the biggest failures are distributional and in Free Templates | Sample And Free Resume, the realm of social policy and employment. 4. See Sue Branford and Bernardo Kucinski, Lula and the Worker’s Party (New York: The New Press, forthcoming 2003). 5. A useful overview of the Letter - All Letter problem of Recommendation Letter Sample For Language inequality in Latin America is Kelly Hoffman and Miguel Angel Centeno, “The Lopsided Continent: Inequality in Latin America,” Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 29, pp. 363-390, August 2003.

6. See the 2003 UNDP Human Development Report, pp. 266-268. 7. Judith Tendler, Good Government in Letter Design Letter, the Tropics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998). Like this article? Support our work. Donate now. Sign up for our NACLA Update for announcements, events, the Woodley latest articles, and more! NACLA relies on our supporters to continue our important work.

With the right resurgent throughout the hemisphere—from Brazil to Colombia, Argentina to the United States—NACLA's research and analysis is more important than ever. Please support our work! The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS) at New York University is an interdisciplinary teaching, research, and public information program. Latin American Perspectives is a theoretical and scholarly journal for discussion and Professional About Design debate on the political economy of capitalism, imperialism, and socialism in the Americas. INFO About Staff Board Jobs Contact SUPPORT US Donate Store Become a Member MAGAZINE Advertise Archives CONNECT NACLA newsletter Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. NACLA | c/o NYU CLACS, 53 WASHINGTON SQ.

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We are proud of the Letter, designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at 5+ Apology To Girlfriend, landing interviews. Professional Design Letter. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in Budget the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and About Letter unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Agreement - 6+ Examples In Word, Pdf. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again.

Your experience is - All About Design personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. 5+ Apology Budget. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the Professional About Letter, aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. Land Contract - 6+ Examples. We invite you to scroll back to the top and choose from one of our many resume libraries, and Professional - All start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume.

Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on Downloadable Free Resume Templates Resume And Free Resume the job hunt! If the Letter - All, jobs are relevant to Land Contract Pdf the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for Letter - All About Design, manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for Resume And Free, the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in Design the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for 11+ Letter School | Letter Word, your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.

Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for Professional - All About Letter, trainer and coach.. Graduate School Template. can u suggest to me with template is Professional Letter - All About Letter suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. | Monthly Forms. How would I write that on - All Design my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and Contract Examples Pdf the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is - All Letter correct. Resume Templates | Sample Resume And Free Resume. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath.

Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the - All, ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. ( Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. To Girlfriend. In terms of format, if you want to Letter About Design include your restaurant experience, then you might want to Downloadable Resume Resume consider using a functional format: Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template.

Good luck with the Design, internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and Land In Word, Pdf an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and Letter - All About Design my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Resume Resume And Free. Good luck! Hello.

Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: You can download them and Professional Letter About input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template.

Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and Land Contract Agreement - 6+ Examples Pdf South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for Professional Letter, what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the - 6+ Examples Pdf, summer program. Hi!

Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Letter Design. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter, job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the - All About Design, last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and Contract Agreement - 6+ Examples In Word, Pdf online work. Now seeking to Design get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and In Word, Pdf socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi!

What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to Professional - All About Letter apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and For Language | It interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for Professional Letter - All, the template pack of Downloadable | Sample Resume And Free Resume, your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck!

Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to Letter Design check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. All of the templates were created by Recommendation Letter Sample, professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Professional Letter - All About Design. Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: Good luck on the job hunt!

Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of And Career Essay, taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in Letter - All About Letter major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the Of Recommendation School Template, trick: Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page:

Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of Letter - All About Letter, a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and Recommendation Letter Sample | It HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you.

Put your skills to the test, and Professional Letter - All Design learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is Free Templates a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to Letter - All About make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter Template, a Man or a Woman?

Do people still care whether they work for Letter - All About, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to Downloadable Free Resume Templates And Free have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including:

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Literary Analysis Essay: 1984 by George Orwell. “No one is Letter - All About Design Letter, free, even the 11+ Letter | Letter Word, birds are chained to the sky.” Bob Dylan said this probably not knowing its profound connection with George Orwell’s novel “1984”, but the as well could be in “1984”. Orwell depicts a totalitarian dystopian world where there is no freedom and citizens are being brainwashed constantly. Professional Letter - All About Design! Without any sense of individual fairness, people work for the party just like the gear wheels in a machine. In order to achieve this, the To Girlfriend Budget, politicians in Professional About Letter, “1984” suppress people’s thinking and eliminate their freedom by creating fear through propaganda, strict laws and incessant surveillances. In “1984”, lies, myths and false information controls the thinking of the 5+ Apology | Monthly Forms, citizens. The Party uses propaganda as the deadliest weapon of control. Propaganda increases the citizens’ morale and makes them think that what the - All About Design, party tells them to do is always right. Education Goals Essay! There are mainly two types of Letter - All About Letter, propaganda, one changes truth, so-called doublethink, and another creates fear. “Doublespeak” can be seen frequently in the world of Education Goals Essay, 1984. The party’s big slogan “WAR IS PEACE.

FREEDOM IS SLAVERY. Professional Letter - All Design! IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.” (George Orwell, 4) is an good example. The idea of the slogan is to 5+ Apology To Girlfriend convince the Letter About, citizens that what they want, is what they already have. Only war can make peace and harmony, so peace is no longer peace, it becomes war; anyone who is slaved and wants freedom, he already has freedom; you can only strengthen yourself by Downloadable Free Resume Templates | Sample Resume, not knowing things and Professional Letter About Letter being ignorant. The slogan changes truth and make the | Sample And Free Resume, citizens believe that anything they want other than what their government wants can only make them unhappy, therefore, no one will consider rebellion because they believe the Party’s way of governing is the best and Letter - All About only way. “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” (George Orwell, 3) is another core slogan.

It is nearly everywhere in the country and usually presented beneath the Recommendation Letter For Language, picture of Big Brother on a poster. It creates fear of obliterated privacy among citizens by alerting them that they are watched all the time. At the Letter - All About Design, same time, the slogan also emphasizes Big Brother’s power to tells the citizens that they are indeed safe and 5+ Apology protected. The party uses this to make them believe that within the Professional Design, party nothing can go wrong, and without Big Brother they will not have such lives. Everyone thinks he is safe in Oceania because of the Big Brother, but they are in fact in danger, all the time. 11+ Letter Template Word! The laws is another powerful tool for politicians in Professional Design Letter, “1984” to limit citizens freedom. No parties, no dates, no love, no citizens walk on street after curfew, laws are everywhere in Oceania. Although these are strictly implemented, they cannot be called laws theoretically because they are not written in a system. There is no written laws in 1984, there is no such thing as constitution or court, but that is exactly how fear is created, as citizens are always living in uncertainty. For example, “And yet it was a fact that if Syme grasped, even for three seconds, the nature of his, Winston#8217;s, secret opinions, he would betray him instantly to the Thought Police” (George Orwell, 30).

There is And Career Goals Essay, no law that defines thoughtcrime However, Winston could be arrested any time for committing thoughtcrime by even a tiny facial twitch suggesting struggle, and his nervous system literally becomes his biggest enemy. About Design Letter! Since there is no written law, the Party can change and adjust the Recommendation Letter Sample | It Project, strictness of Letter - All, laws freely as it wants, citizens never know if they have committed any crime, therefore no one is brave enough to defy the Party by any level, so fear is Recommendation Teacher Project, created. In addition, “Newspeak” is another law that is enforced to solidify the Party’s control. Humans use language to express their ideas, by eliminating words and replacing emotional words such as “excellent”, “wonderful” and “fantastic” by a single word “good” and its comparative degrees “plusgood” and “plusplusgood”. Lots of About Design, thoughts are actually limited because they cannot be formed linguistically in people’s mind. Citizens then cannot have their own critical thinking, and only do what they are told to do, they work just as computers, which surprisingly only have two words.* Surveillance is Goals Essay, almost everywhere in Oceania, the mostly used way is television. There is a two-way screen, so-called television in every apartment and on street but they only serve the purpose of monitoring and propaganda, the Party gets simultaneous image of what its people are doing. Even facial expression can be detected.

Only senior members of the Inner Party have the power to turn them off for a short period. Children are also used to keep track of their parents, “The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations” (76). In fact, this was used by the communist party of China during Cultural revolution. With extremely mighty surveillance, citizens cannot express their ideas towards the negative side of the Party at all, and even thoughts are controlled because the Party can “reeducate” people for an incorrect facial expression. By using language as a tool of control as well as the evidence for Professional Letter, sentence, Orwell creates a world where language, a word or a sentence, can determine ones life. Free Templates! Through language plays the key role in the Party’s propaganda, strict laws and surveillance, total physical control as well as phycological manipulation is - All About Design Letter, achieved. In Oceania, thoughts are suppressed until them vanish after generations.

In this world, nothing is 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate | Letter Word, free, even a bird. *0 and 1, Binary numeral system. Bibliography: Orwell, George. 1984 . San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984. Print.

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essay on theodicy All of us struggle at one time or another in life with why evil happens to someone, either ourselves, our family, our friends, our nation, or perhaps some particularly disturbing instance in the news#151;a child raped, a school shooting, genocide in another country, a terrorist bombing. The following material is meant to give an overview of the discussion of - All Design Letter this issue as it takes place in several circles, especially that of the Christian church. Three terms, the problem of evil, theodicy, and Downloadable Resume | Sample Resume Resume, defense are important to our discussion. The first two are often used as synonyms, but strictly speaking the problem of evil is the larger issue of which theodicy is a subset because one can have a secular problem of Letter - All About Design evil. Evil is understood as a problem when we seek to Letters - Anita Woodleyanita, explain why it exists ( Unde malum? ) and what its relationship is to the world as a whole. Indeed, something might be considered evil when it calls into question our basic trust in the order and structure of our world.

Peter Berger in particular has argued that explanations of evil are necessary for social structures to Professional Letter Letter, stay themselves against chaotic forces. It follows, then, that such an explanation has an impact on the whole person. As David Blumenthal observes, a good theodicy is one that has three characteristics: [I]t should leave one with one#146;s sense of reality intact. (It tells the truth about reality.) [I]t should leave one empowered within the intellectual-moral system in which one lives. (Namely, it should not deny God#146;s basic power or goodness.) [I]t should be as intellectually coherent as possible. (It is an answer that is both coherent and life-satisfying.) This is not to Endorsement Letters - Anita, suggest that every culture deals with evil in the same way. As Amlie Rorty notes, evil and its relationship to the world has been understood in the West in a number of ways, including the following: The Neo-platonic: Evil as the privation or negation of the good or being, so that evil is only evil set against the greater good. Theodicy and coherentism: Evil can be understood as part of or in relationship to God#146;s larger plans for the cosmos. Manichaeanism: Good and evil are equal conflicting powers expressing their opposition in human history. Pious rationalism: Human reason cannot understand evil, but reason must postulate a God to Design, explain human morality. Pious fidiesm: Human reason cannot understand evil, so a leap of faith is required to trust in God.

Pessimism: Evil is real, but the world does not make sense nor can it be understood. Non-existent: Evil does not actually exist; rather, human beings project their own subjective disapproval onto 11+ Letter events and actions. Theodicy is Professional Design a term that Leibniz coined from the Greek words theos (God) and dike (righteous). A theodicy is an attempt to justify or defend God in the face of evil by answering the following problem, which in its most basic form involves these assumptions: God is all good and all powerful (and, therefore, all knowing). The universe/creation was made by God and/or exists in a contingent relationship to Education And Career Goals, God. Evil exists in the world. Why? Notice what this problem suggests. It begins with the assumption that such a being as God will want to Letter - All About Design Letter, eliminate evil. If God is Agreement - 6+ all good but not all powerful or knowing, then perhaps he doesn#146;t have the ability to intervene on every occasion.

Likewise, if God is all powerful and knowing but not all good, then perhaps he has a mean streak. If God is somehow all these things, but the universe does not exist in a contingent relationship, then God has little to do with evil (even though God#146;s design can still be faulted). However, if God is both good and powerful, then why does evil exist? Now, this problem assumes several things. The first point implies that God is Professional Letter - All About Letter a personal being, though not all theodicists would agree. Likewise, the second point assumes that God interacts, or at least has interacted at Education And Career Goals, some point, with the world.

And that we can recognize evil is in the world assumes that evil is something that can be rendered intelligible and, therefore, discussed. Evil is typically defined as any undesired state of affairs and is generally considered to include both moral evil, acts done by Professional - All Design humans, and natural evil, which includes pain and suffering that results from natural disasters, diseases, or genetic defects. As one can see this is an Endorsement Letters, issue within and surrounding monotheism. Evil, its origin and purpose, takes on Letter About Design Letter, a different meaning when seen from the perspective of a polytheistic, atheistic, or non-theistic belief system. A system in which there are multiple divine powers, no power, or some form of impersonal cosmic force (e.g Tao) will not conceive of the problem in this way. Evil can not only be conceived in 11+ Letter Graduate School | Letter, metaphysical and religious terms as abomination, disobedience, malevolence, impurity, and dishonor (or alternately in some Eastern systems as illusion or imbalance), it can also be understood in Letter Letter, essentially natural or secular terms as social vice, egoism, partiality, corruption, criminality, and sociopathology (cf. Rorty). Education! And many of Letter - All these while not antithetical to a theistic belief system are not dependent upon Recommendation Letter Teacher one either.

As Forrest E. Baird points out, theodicts tend to address one of four audiences: Atheists/atheodicists who reject the existence of God or who charge believers in God with being irrational on the grounds that the above is illogical; moral atheists who find the notion of God repugnant because of the amount of evil and suffering; theists who are troubled by the above; and sufferers of all kinds#151;atheists or theists. This is important to keep in mind because theodicts and more general reflections and testimonies to the problem of evil are not necessarily addressing the same social and Design Letter, historical contexts. Within the Christian form of monotheism, additional resources involving the Trinity, especially Christ, can and do play a role in formulating a theodicy. 11+ Letter Of Recommendation School Template! And it should also be stressed that among theists there are additional points of debate, especially concerning the nature of God and Letter About Letter, free will. Contract In Word,! Often, the theist is asking questions of theodicy in order to better understand God and/or better understand the call to Christian conversion, while a debate between theists and atheists may be more concerned with the - All very tenability of Resume Templates Resume And Free God as a being considering the existence of evil. For the former, the Professional Letter About Design problem takes an aporetic approach, teasing out the difficulties and going deeper into the resources of the faith (Adams and Adams 2). For the later, the problem is one of challenge to God or challenge to self as to why such evils exist at Endorsement Woodley, all. A defense#146; differs from a theodicy in that rather than trying to provide an answer to all of the Professional About Design above, a defense seeks to show that theistic belief in For Language Teacher | It Project, God in Professional, the face of To Girlfriend evil is rational . Strictly speaking, a logical defense is not making claims about About Letter how God actually works as much as showing that the atheistic charges can be meet. Having said this, the Education And Career Essay insights of the defenders and those of the theodicists often overlap, and the term theodicy is often used to describe defenses as well. Each of Professional Letter - All Design Letter these problems could be said to have dual audiences#151;the various atheists who question the Downloadable Free Resume Templates existence of God on their basis, and those believers who because of their belief wish to answer these questions as well.

The basic approaches to theodicy can be said to take three forms: logical/deductive, evidential/inductive, and existential. I. The Logical Problem of Evil: The logical problem of evil is a deductive one. Namely, given the above problem (God is loving, all powerful and all knowing, yet evil exists), is it rational to believe in the existence of God? The problem is an old one expressed for different reasons in different contexts perhaps first by Epicurus, but clearly expanded upon by Lactantius, Marcion, Boethius, and Aquinas. The modern formulation of Professional Letter About Letter this problem by John Mackie is also very similar to David Hume#146;s eighteenth-century version. Mackie#146;s formulation of the problem looks like this: God exists, is all good, all knowing, and all powerful. Such a being has no limits to its ability. A good being will always eliminate all the evil that it can. Evil exists, so God must not. Theists will agree with the first two claims but call into question the third by qualifying it: A good being will always eliminate all the evil that it can unless it has good reason to allow that evil . Therefore, a modified version of Mackie#146;s argument looks like this: If God exists, then there is no evil, unless there is Sample Agreement Examples In Word, a reason that would justify Him in permitting it. Evil exists.

There is no reason that would justify God to permit evil. So, God does not exist. The crux of the theistic response is to show that indeed God is indeed justified in permitting evil. II. The Evidential Problem of Evil: The evidential problem admits that God and the existence of evil are not logically incompatible, yet considers if the Professional - All About amount or kinds of evil in the world count as probable evidence against the existence of God. This approach argues that the large amount of evil in the world and/or the existence of unjustified evil (variously called surd , superfluous, pointless, gratuitous) mitigate against a plausible belief in God because we assume God would not allow for the existence of evil that appears to have no good purpose. The following are examples of these objections: It seems that God could have eliminated more evil in the world and still accomplished the divine purposes. An overwhelmingly large amount of the evil in the world does not seem to be connected to the divine purposes. How are God#146;s purposes accomplished by the unfair distribution of evil?

Namely, some experience far more evil than others. It seems unlikely that any divine goal could justify all of the evil as experienced by Endorsement the world, in particular the most horrific evils. Professional Letter - All! Is such a God who does things this way worthy of worship, and therefore, plausible? The crux of these arguments has been put forth by William Rowe. | Letter! Rowe suggests that there are always events in Professional Letter, which it is reasonable for Sample Examples In Word, Pdf us to assume that something doesn#146;t exist if we have no evidence of it existing. For example, the woman who searches her purse completely and can#146;t find her keys. Admittedly, there is always the possibility that her keys were simply overlooked (i.e. they do exist), but it is highly unlikely. The theist tends to answer by stressing God#146;s infinite capacity as compared with human limitations.

We would expect with a being like God that there would be matters we do not understand. There are situations in which we can#146;t expect to be able to Professional About, see what it is we#146;re looking for, such as most of us trying to solve a quantum physics problem. In the same way, it cannot be shown conclusively that God would not have a purpose for allowing the kinds, distribution, and amount of evil found in the world.. III. The Existential Problem of Evil : As often called the Downloadable Resume Templates Resume religious, personal, or pastoral problem of evil, the About Design existential problem is one that asks, Why my suffering and/or evil at this time in this way in this place? In one sense, all theodicy is practical, in Education And Career Goals, that it takes places within a specific social and Professional Letter, intellectual context amidst an Endorsement, environment that is often polemical and focused on Letter - All Letter, problem-solving, but the practical, existential theodicy is And Career more concerned with providing answers for those who suffer in specific circumstances. Often, the existential problem turns from - All, asking why God allow such-and-such an evil to what can humans made in Downloadable Free Resume | Sample Resume, the image of God do to alleviate or make manageable suffering and evil. Likewise, the focus turns more to how believers should respond to God while suffering (i.e. faith, protest, mysticism, the sacraments and worship). Related Issues and Problems.

In addition, there are related problems and emphases within these three approaches. They include some of the following: I. Natural Evil : The problem of natural evil involves pain and Professional Letter, suffering that results from natural disasters, diseases, or genetic defects, including that of animal pain and suffering. Like the To Girlfriend | Monthly Forms problem of moral evil, the problem of Professional Letter About natural evil examines whether the existence of natural evil is compatible with an all-perfect, all-knowing, loving, and powerful being. Downloadable Resume | Sample And Free Resume! The following ten views are found among various Christian thinkers (Boyd 248ff.): Natural evil fulfills a higher divine purpose. Pain, suffering, and disorder in the natural world are ultimately part of a larger good plan of cosmic order. (Augustine) Natural evil is the Letter Design result of human sin. God subjected or cursed the natural world to decay and death because of human rebellion. In doing so, God brings about a world where we are no longer comfortable in our present moral autonomy from the Creator. Natural evil isn#146;t evil per 11+ Letter Graduate | Letter Template Word se. It is simply a function of the - All world of time.

Only moral evil is truly evil. Natural evil is the inevitable by-product of God#146;s aim of developing souls with moral character. (Hick) There must exist between imperfect, immature humans and the perfect God an epistemic distance that makes our growth possible. Education! As such, the world has an Professional Letter - All Design, imperfect character. Natural evil is 5+ Apology To Girlfriend Budget nature#146;s way of participating in the self-sacrificial life of God (Murphy Ellis). All of life has a kenotic or cruciform quality to it#151;some must give their lives that others might live. Natural evil exists because nature is imperfect, having been created and being sustained by a God who limits himself to persuasion (Process theology). In process thought, the world may resist God at every level , including the natural one. Natural evil results from the potential hazards in a world that makes morally significant choices possible. We cannot conceive of a world which would allow for moral evil without natural evil because natural evil is part of an Professional, orderly system with consequences (Swinburne, Peterson).

Natural evil results from the random spontaneity that the natural world must have in order to be a changing system that is separate from God (Polkinghorne). Natural evil is the nothingness or non-being that results whenever God creates something and that continues to try and encroach on creation (Barth). 5+ Apology To Girlfriend! Natural evil is the result of demonic forces who control matter in part and oppose God#146;s will for creation (Boyd). II. Evil and the Demonic: Given the belief in supernatural powers among all three monotheistic faiths, what role does the demonic (and the About Design angelic) have to do with evil? This question has been approached in Sample Land Agreement Examples, four basic ways: The role of the Professional - All demonic powers in temptation, oppression, and possession of individuals. What kind of power to control, hinder, or seduce do non-physical powers have over human beings?

The role of demonic powers in social and national evils. To Girlfriend | Monthly Budget! Is there a spiritual power behind large-scale social and national evils? The control of angelic or demonic powers over About Design Letter, the natural world. Do such powers have any responsibility for animal pain or natural disasters? The moral logic of postulating the Letter Teacher Project demonic to explain certain radical evils, such as serial killers or genocides. III.

The History of Theodicy: Theodicy is a centuries old set of questions. Historical scholarship often looks at theodicy as a history of ideas and/or social ideologies. The history of the issue is important because the social and political and religious contexts that gave rise to reflection on the problem of evil differ from era to era. While various thinkers#146; reflections may be said to be semi-commensurable or, at Professional Design, least, analogous, one cannot set aside a historical sense of where various insights come from. The question is whether enough commensurability exists across periods and thinkers to say that a tradition exists or that later theodicts are justified in Downloadable Free Resume, borrowing earlier ideas. Some have gone so far as to suggest that theodicy is a modern problem, that earlier formulations while concerned with evil are in Professional Design Letter, no way attempting to justify God, rather to Downloadable Free And Free Resume, argue for a specific God (Marcion), explain the role of Professional About Design wisdom (Boethius), or the purposes of conversion within a history of salvation (Augustine). A history of theodicy in Christian tradition would have to deal with the 5+ Apology Letter Budget following: Iraneaus Lactantius Augustine Pseudo-Dionysius Augustine Anselm Thomas Aquinas The Mystics Luis de Molina Luther Calvin Malebranche Pierre Bayle Leibniz Hume Kant Schleiermacher Karl Barth Simone Weil: Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne Dorothee Soelle Teihard de Chardin Jacques Maritain Austin Farrer. IV.

The Literature of Theodicy : Likewise, literature and the arts in general also deal with and Professional Letter - All Design, interact with issues involving theodicy and evil. It can be asserted that literature surrounding the problem of evil offers a mixture of both universal application with particular dramatization of specific instances, fictional or non-fictional. For some literature, art, or aesthetics also offers models for how the problem of 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter Word evil may be understood. Some works dealing with this problem include: Marlowe, Doctor Faustus Milton, Paradise Lost Pope, Essay on Man Voltaire, Candide Goethe, Faust Tennyson, In Memoriam Doestoevsky, The Brothers Karamazov T.S.

Eliot, Four Quartets Camus, The Plague Elie Weisel, Night Annie Dillard, Holy the Firm and For the Time Being Walter Wangerin, The Book of Sorrows Mark Jarman, Questions for Ecclesiates and Unholy Sonnets. V. Theodicy and Scripture : The issues of God#146;s creation, evil, suffering, pain, oppression, etc. in the scriptures play an important role in the formulation of theodicies. A biblical response to this would need to account for some of the following: Old and New Testament concepts of sin and evil A discussion of the biblical Fall The biblical treatment of the Professional - All About Design Letter angelic and demonic God's suffering in Recommendation Sample For Language Project, both testaments The role of personal, communal, and social evil Job God's judgment and mercy A biblical model of Letter About shame, dishonor, and 5+ Apology To Girlfriend Budget, impurity The work of the - All Letter cross The large cosmic vision of the Examples Bible--Creation, Fall, Redemption The Jewish tradition of protest in prayer. VI. The Politics of Professional About Design Letter Theodicy: What role do theodicies unwittingly have in Graduate Template Word, the experience of oppression and suffering, as well as that of liberation, among various classes of people, especially that of political minorities or women? Why is there an imbalance in the experience of suffering and - All Design Letter, evil among classes, races, and even among individuals? It is possible, for Education And Career Essay instance, that a theodicy by explaining the Professional causes of evil and suffering may serve as a justification for both the powerful and the powerless (Berger 59). VII. 5+ Apology Letter Budget Forms! The Experience of Suffering: Likewise, in what way does the experience of suffering among peoples and individuals speak to issues of Design Letter theodicy?

What does the bodily experience of suffering have to say about imagination, resistance, and/or psychological damage? How can God be encountered because of, in spite of, or in relationship to suffering? Is suffering ultimately mysterious? Can theodicies mistakenly remove a sense of empowerment and rage toward suffering? The experiences of women have been vital to Agreement - 6+ Pdf, understanding in Design Letter, this area. VIII. Horrific Evil : Sometimes called horrendous evil, this focuses on the most horrible and intense forms of evil#151;the Holocaust, child abuse and rape, extreme schizophrenia, torture, mass genocide, etc. Downloadable Templates And Free Resume! Can God be said to Design Letter, be justified in allowing these? Should one even speak of justification before such atrocities? Likewise, what hope of restoration and healing can be given to survivors?

What role do purity and defilement, honor and Education, shame, and beauty and ugliness play in such matters? IX. Professional Letter - All About! The Judgment of God: Many theodicy discussions tend to focus on innocent suffering and Letters - Anita, experiences of profound evil while ignoring the Letter About Design profound sinfulness embedded in individuals, in ideas and belief systems, and in social structures. God acts to judge these#151;both in this life and in the next. Thus, one has to ask the question as to whether a certain experience for an individual, group, or nation is a judgment upon Downloadable Templates | Sample Resume Resume their sin.

Alternately, one can take some comfort in knowing that the oppressor will be judged eventually by God. Likewise, how can the present experience of evil be understood as a kind of battlefield in which God#146;s judgment upon sin and evil is Professional About even now being carried out? X. The Hiddenness of God: Why does God often seem not to openly, visibly respond to evil (or good) in an indisputable way? The divine hiddenness of God ( deus absconditus ) is sometimes considered a subset of theodicy because the way God responds or his refusal to respond is often felt to be part of the Land Contract - 6+ Pdf problem for atheists and agnostics (as well as theists at times). Some have suggested that God acts this way in Letter Design, part to Endorsement Letters - Anita Woodley, preserve a freedom of will#151;his continual revelation of his presence would be coercive.

XI. Metaphysical Evil: What exactly is evil in anyway? What is its origin and essence? One standard response is that evil is the Letter - All About Letter privation or negation of the good or being, so that evil only exists as the absence of the good. Evil is a form of Examples In Word, Pdf corruption, chaos, even literally nothing, a weakened or incomplete good.

Others suggest that evil must have some positive or actual existence because evil seems to act and destroy in deliberate ways in Letter Design, the world. Classic and Contemporary Christian Responses. I. The Free Will Model: God wanted us to freely love him, which meant allowing for the possibility that we might choose against him. Woodleyanita Woodley! And we have--all of Letter - All About us since Adam and Eve. Free will provides a great good#151;self-determination--and carries with it significant responsibility, which is Education Essay also a great good. This is Letter - All About Letter especially true of Contract - 6+ In Word, Pdf relationships involving love: such must be entered into Professional Letter About Design freely. Evil is an unfortunate result of human free will. If God were to intervene at every point of our wrongdoing, our free will would be compromised. So evil in the world is not entirely God's fault; however, this position does not claim that God is not responsible in any way for evil. If you have the power to intervene and do not, that implies choices. II.

The Soul Making Model: We are incomplete souls in need of Contract - 6+ Pdf improvement and growth. Notice that this model also assumes free-will (Michael J. Murray calls the former consequent free will theodicies and soulmaking versions, antecedent condition free will theodicies.). Professional Design Letter! Evil is Of Recommendation Graduate Template Word a necessary condition for Professional Design a world in which we overcome obstacles and struggles in order to develop. In fact, many higher-order goods (e.g. self-sacrifice, endurance, courage, compassion on the poor, etc.) are not possible unless we have to overcome evil. This model points out that God often allows the condition of suffering to improve us. We become purified through life's trials. Some versions of this suggest that our purification and growth will continue in the afterlife. III. The Possible Worlds/ Great Design Argument: This suggests that God designed the Woodleyanita world in such a way that it included the possibility of Professional About Letter evil, but that if rightly perceived, we would understand that all of it works together for a greater good. This is a subset of the first two because both models assume a world in which moral action/ growth is both possible and meaningful.

Namely, a world with free will and the possibility of soul making is a better world than one with only automatons. Some variations of this position, following Leibniz, argue that the present world is the Forms best of Letter - All About Design all possible worlds. Others simply suggest that this is Education And Career Goals one of many possible good worlds. There are a number of approaches taken within this model. One approach is to stress the need for world that has regularity in it. - All Design Letter! There must be a cause and Of Recommendation Graduate Template Word, effect for our actions. Professional Letter Design! Thus, evil can have both actual and Recommendation For Language Teacher | It, possible justifications. Actual evil has its purpose in be necessary for some greater moral purpose, while possible evil warns us against the consequences of our actions (e.g. putting your finger in an electrical socket.) This raises a number of issues, including: Couldn#146;t God have created a world in which we are free and/or our souls improve and yet we always choose the good?

Why can#146;t God intervene when evil is committed yet still maintain our freedom or soul improvement? Is human freedom really justified? Are we free enough for our moral choices to be meaningful? Those who take the soulmaking or free-will position tend to respond by pointing out that it is impossible to actually imagine such a world, that free will makes no sense in Professional Design, a context where God is Education Essay always intervening, and that significant freedom must have real consequences. A variation of the possible worlds model is put forth by Alvin Plantinga who suggests that God not only knows all things that will happen, but also all things that could happen, so God has middle knowledge , or knowledge of all possible decisions in Professional Letter, all possible worlds.

Based on this knowledge, God chose one possible good world. Plantinga also suggests that something like transworld depravity may exist; namely, that in every world God could create that offers free-will, at Education Essay, least one person will choose evil. (Plantinga puts forth these ideas as part of - All his celebrated Free Will Defense.) IV. The Eschatological Hope: Granting all the above, God has also promised that such evil and suffering is only for a finite time in human history. God will bring an end to it all, and Land Agreement, evil will be rightly answered by its destruction. Furthermore, the future hope that God offers will judge, compensate and/or at least put into perspective this present world#146;s evil.

Of course, this model raises the question as to whether good can be said to actually balance off evil and suffering. This is alternately understood as either the afterlife and/or the final state of all things. V. The Suffering of About Design Letter God Response: This response assures us that God has not abstracted himself from the human situation--that he, too, suffers with us. God weeps for Israel, the Holy Spirit grieves over sin, and Downloadable Resume | Sample Resume, Christ suffered for us that we might have an example of how to undergo suffering. Strictly speaking, this response isn#146;t about justifying why God allows evil, as much as affirming that God is involved in the problem . Some have suggested that God#146;s suffering teaches us to move from self-absorption to Professional About, cooperation and 5+ Apology To Girlfriend Budget, compassion for others in their suffering.

In this view God#146;s own suffering absorbs our hostile self-absorption. Others have gone farther, arguing that God actually feels and experiences our suffering and, by doing so, honors us as the infinite God and that this honoring actually addresses our experience of evil and suffering by defeating it in our own lives. VI. A Theology of the Professional Letter - All About Letter Cross: Contained in each view of the suffering of God above is a suggestion that in some fundamental way the 5+ Apology Forms work of the Professional - All cross is God#146;s answer (or one of his answers) to the problem of evil, even that the cross is the only justification God gives of his responsibility for the existence of 5+ Apology | Monthly Budget Forms evil. In this sense, the work of redemption transcends the Letter - All About Design Letter role of Christ#146;s suffering, for the cross is atonement for, victory over, and judgment upon evil and sin. VII.

Faith and Trust: Sometimes called simple fideism#151;this position is one that seeks not to answer the question in any complex way but rather affirm basic Christian truths, such as God is ultimately good; God has everything under the divine control; God is to be trusted despite life#146;s trails and difficulities. VIII. A Theodicy of Free | Sample And Free Resume Protest: This position is one that complains to God, objecting that God could have and on About Letter, the surface should have intervened in any number of horrific circumstances. The sheer weight of atrocity is often cited. Some versions of this try to escape the 11+ Letter | Letter Template Word classic problem by denying that God is all-loving, or at least appears to be (cf. Roth and Blumenthal). But perhaps it would be better to understand this position as speaking from a wounded position. Professional - All About Design Letter! The believer says to God, As best I can understand from my limited position you appear to have allowed horrible things to happen.

Why? Should you do such a thing? Then, rather than walk away in disgust or disbelief, the believer waits on God. 11+ Letter Of Recommendation Graduate School | Letter! This is an Professional - All, approach modeled for us in Letter | Monthly Budget, the Psalms. Believers protest from the ground of covenant#151;this is what God has promised us and who he is; therefore, should not God intervene? (i.e. Letter - All About Letter! Ps 44, 74, 88, 102, 142) This position at its best seeks to continue to affirm God#146;s mystery and goodness even amidst confusion and doubt. Likewise, this position holds it important to identify with the suffering of others, not to Letter | Monthly Budget Forms, make light of their pain by seeking easily to explain it. IX.

Disavowal of Theodicy: This position argues from a number of different directions that the Professional Letter - All About Design theodicy project is 5+ Apology Letter | Monthly Budget misfounded. Some suggest that theodical language tends to deny, trivialize, or downplay the suffering of others. Or theodicy is seen as a mistaken approach to the problem because it results in closing down what only God can truly answer. For some theodicy, if done at all, must be done within the Professional Letter - All Design Letter praxis of sufferers, while theoretical discussions are guilty of the above. X. Sapiential Theodicy: This practice explores the skeptical limitations of human understanding. Following the Hebraic stance of wisdom as dialectical, sapiential thought recognizes God is both the giver and taker of wisdom. Such a practice operates from a stance of stability but also practices openness, antithesis, playfulness, and analogy--all methods which call into question the stable beginning place. The goal is both to see what can be known about the problem of evil, but also to recognize what cannot be known. The problem of evil becomes a puzzle that one explores in order to reach one's limits and, thus, respond to And Career Essay, God in trust, awe, and fear. Sapiential Theodicy: This practice explores the skeptical limitations of human understanding.

Following the Hebraic stance of wisdom as dialectical, sapiential thought recognizes God is both the giver and taker of wisdom. Such a practice operates from a stance of Letter About Design stability but also practices openness, antithesis, playfulness, and analogy--all methods which call into question the stable beginning place. The goal is Letter To Girlfriend Forms both to see what can be known about the problem of evil, but also to recognize what cannot be known. The problem of evil becomes a puzzle that one explores in Letter - All Design Letter, order to reach one's limits and, thus, respond to God in trust, awe, and fear. XI. Mystical Theodicy: Some in the Christian monastic traditions believe that one can experience Christ's own suffering in moments of spiritual awareness and that this awareness allows one to transcend one's own misery, thus answering the problem of evil not in a rational way but in a moment of intuitive apprehension that is experienced at a higher level. Another version of this holds that the Christian's suffering participates in some way in Christ's own anguish (cf. Col 1:24, also cf. Rom 6:1-14, Gal 6:14, Phil 3:10).

Simone Weil takes this even further, arguing that affliction is God's tight embrace as a Lover and that this mystical knowledge balances off the sufferer's experience of ruin. Adams, Marilyn McCord. Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God . Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999. ____. Christ and Horrors: The Coherence of Christology . Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. Adams, Marilyn McCord and Robert Merrihew Adams. Introduction. The Problem of Evil. Ed. Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990.

1-24. Adams, Robert Merrihew . Endorsement Letters! The Virtue of Faith and Other Essays in Philosophical Theology. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1987. Allen, Diogenes. Natural Evil and the Love of Letter God. The Problem of Evil. 5+ Apology Letter | Monthly! Ed. Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. 189-208. Allender, Dan and Tremper Longman III.

The Cry of the Soul: How Our Emotions Reveal Our Deepest Questions About God. Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1999. Alston, William P. The Inductive Argument from Letter - All About Design Letter, Evil and the Human Cognitive Condition. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed.

Daniel Howard-Synder. Letter For Language Project! Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 97-125. _____. Some (Temporarily) Final Thoughts on Evidential Arguments from Evil. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 311-332. Berger, Peter L. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion.

Garden City: Doubleday, 1967. Bernstein, Richard J. Radical Evil: A Philosophical Interrogation. Cambridge: Blackwell, 2002. Blumenthal, David. Facing the Abusing God: A Theology of Protest.

Philadelphia: WJKP, 1993. Boyd, Gregory A. Satan and the Problem of Evil: Constructing a Trinitarian Warfare Theodicy. Downers Grove: IVP, 2001. Brown, Frank Buruch. Religious Aesthetics: A Theological Study of Meaning and Making.

Princeton: Princeton UP, 1989. Buber, Martin. Good and Evil: Two Interpretations. 2 nd ed. NY: Charles Scrinber#146;s, 1953. Carson, D.A. How Long, O Lord? Reflections on Suffering and Evil. Professional Letter - All Design Letter! Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990. Chisolm, Roderick M. Education And Career! The Defeat of Good and Evil. The Problem of Evil.

Ed. Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. 53-68. Chopp, Rebecca S. The Praxis of Suffering: An Interpretation of Liberation and Political Theologies. Maryknoll: Orbis, 1986. Cenker, William. About Design Letter! Ed.

Evil and the Response of World Religion . St. Paul: Paragon, 1997. Davis, Stephen T. Free Will and Evil. Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy. Ed. Stephen T. Davis. Louisville: WJKP, 2001. Letters - Anita Woodley! 73-88.

Eskola, Timo. Theodicy and Predestination in Letter - All About Design, Pauline Soteriology. Tbingen: Mohr, 1998. Farley, Wendy. Tragic Vision and Downloadable Templates Resume, Divine Compassion. Louisville: WJKP, 1990. Feinberg, John S. The Many Faces of Evil: Theological Systems and Letter - All About Design Letter, the Problem of Evil. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

Fretheim, Terence E. The Suffering of God: An Old Testament Perspective. Philadephia: Fortress, 1984. ____. Creation Untamed: The Bible, God, and Natural Disasters . Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010. Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. NY: HarperCollins, 1973. Geivett, R. Douglas. Recommendation Sample | It Project! Evil and the Evidence for God: The Challenge of John Hick#146;s Theodicy.

Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1993. Girard, René. The Girard Reader . ed. Professional Letter - All About! James G. Williams. NY: Crossroad Herder, 1996. Graham, Gordon. Evil and Christian Ethics. Education And Career Goals Essay! Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001. Griffin, David Ray. God, Power, and Evil: A Process Theodicy.

NY: UP of America, 1991. Gutirrez, Gustavo. On Job: God-Talk and the Suffering of the Innocent. Trans. Matthew J. O#146;Connell. Professional - All About! Maryknoll: Orbis, 1987. Hall, Douglas John. God and Human Suffering: An Exercise in the Theology of the Cross. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1986. Helm, S. Mark. Saved from Sacrifice: A Theology of the Cross . Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006.

Hick, John. Evil and the God of Love. 2 nd ed. NY: Harper and Row, 1978. _____. An Irenaean Theodicy. Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy. Ed. Stephen T. Davis. Lousville: WJKP, 2001.

38-51. Howard-Snyder, Daniel, Michael Bergmann, and William L. Rowe. An Exchange on the Problem of Evil. God and the Problem of Evil. Ed. William L. Rowe. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. 124-158. Howard-Synder, Daniel and John O#146;Leary-Hawthorne. Transworld Sanctity and Plantinga#146;s Free Will Defense. [online]

Howard-Snyder, Daniel. God, Evil, and Free Resume | Sample Resume, Suffering. In Reason for Professional About Letter the Hope Within. Ed. Michael J. Murray. | Monthly! Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. 1-25. Howard-Snyder, Daniel. Introduction. The Evidential Argument from Evil.

Ed. Professional Letter! Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. xi-xx. _____. The Argument from Inscrutable Evil. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 286-310. Inwagen, Peter Van.

The Magnitude, Duration, and Distribution of Evil: a Theodicy. Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. Ed. Recommendation Letter For Language Teacher! Elonore Stump and Michael J. Murray. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1999. 195-210. _____. Professional Design Letter! The Problem of Letter Forms Evil, the Professional - All Problem of Sample Land Contract Agreement Examples In Word, Pdf Air, the Problem of Silence. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed.

Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 151-174. _____. ed. Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004. Kelly, Joseph F. The Problem of Evil in the Western Tradition: From the Book of Job to Modern Genetics. Collegeville: Liturgical P, 2002. Knight, Henry F. Confessing Christ in a Post-Holocaust World: A Midrashic Experiment. Eugene: Wipf and Stock, 2000. Larrimore, Mark.

Introduction. The Problem of Evil: A Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. xiv-xxx. Laytner, Anson. Professional Letter - All! Arguing With God: A Jewish Tradition. London: Jason Aronson, 1998. Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God the Freedom of Of Recommendation Word Man and the Origin of Evil. Trans. Letter - All About Design Letter! E. M. Huggard. Sample Land Contract Examples In Word, Pdf! : Open Court, 1988 . Mackie, J. - All About Letter! L. Evil and Omnipotence. The Problem of Evil.

Ed. Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. 25-37. Martin, James Alfred Jr. Beauty and Holiness: The Dialogue Between Aesthetics and Religion. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1990. Mathews, Rosita deAnn. Using Power from the Periphery.

In A Troubling in My Soul: Womanist Perspectives on Evil and Downloadable Free Resume Resume, Suffering. Ed. Emile T. Townes. Maryknoll: Orbis, 1993. 92-106. McGinn, Colin. Ethics, Evil, and Fiction. - All Design Letter! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1997.

Murphy, Nancy and George F. R. Ellis. On the Moral Nature of the Universe: Theology, Cosmology, and Free Resume, Ethics. Professional Letter Design! Minneapolis: Fortress, 1996. Murray, Michael J. Coercion and the Hiddenness of God. Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. 5+ Apology To Girlfriend Forms! Ed. Elonore Stump and Michael J. Murray. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1999. Design Letter! 241-250.

Neiman, Susan. Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Philosophy. Resume Resume! Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002. Noddings, Nel. Women and Letter, Evil. Of Recommendation Graduate | Letter! Berkeley: U of Letter - All About Califormia P, 1989. Osborn, Ronald E. Anarchy and Apocalypse: Essays on Faith, Violence, and Theodicy. Eugene: Cascade, 2010. Peterson, Michael.

Evil and the Christian God. Goals Essay! Grand Rpaids: Baker, 1982. Phillips, D. Z. Professional Letter - All! The Problem of Evil: A Critique of Swinburne. Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. Ed. Louis P. Pojman. Belmont: Wadsworth, 1987. 185-194. Pike, Nelson. Hume on Evil. The Problem of Recommendation Letter For Language Teacher Evil.

Ed. Professional Letter About Letter! Marilyn McCord Adams and Sample Contract Examples Pdf, Robert Merrihew Adams. Professional - All About Letter! Oxford: Oxford UP, 1990. 38-52. Pinn, Anthony B. Sample Contract Examples! Moral Evil and Redemptive Suffering: A History of Theodicy in African-American Religious Thought.

Gainesville: UP of Florida, 2002. _____. Why Lord? Suffering and Evil in Professional About Letter, Black Theology. NY: Continuum, 1995. Plantinga, Alvin C. God, Freedom, and Evil. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974. _____. Epistemic Probability and Evil.

The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 69-96. _____. On Being Evidentially Challenged. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996.

244-261. Rankka, Kristine M. Women and the Value of Suffering: An Aw(e)ful Rowing Toward God. Recommendation Letter Sample For Language | It! Collegeville: Liturgical P, 1998. Ricoeur, Paul. The Symbolism of Evil. Boston: Beacon, 1967. Rorty, Amlie Oksenberg.

Introduction. The Many Faces of Professional Letter Evil: Historical Perspectives. Ed. Amlie Oksenberg Rorty. Letter For Language Teacher | It! London: Routledge, 2001. xi-xviii. Roth, John K. A Theodicy of Protest. Encountering Evil: Live Options in Professional Letter - All Design, Theodicy. Ed.

Stephen T. Davis. Lousville: WJKP, 2001. 1-19. Rowe, William L. Graduate School | Letter Template! The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism. The Evidential Argument from Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 1-11.

Sez, Richard. Theodicy in Baroque Literature. NY: Garland, 1985. Scarry, Elaine. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the Professional - All Letter World. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1985. Schilling, S. Resume Templates And Free Resume! Paul. God and Human Anguish. Nashville: Abingdon, 1977. Schlesinger, George N. New Perspectives on Old-Time Religion. Letter About Letter! Oxford: Clarendon P, 1988.

Schwarz, Hans. Evil: A Historical and Theological Perspective. 5+ Apology Letter | Monthly! Trans. Mark W. Worthing. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1995. Sherry, Patrick. Spirit and Beauty: An Introduction to Theological Aesthetics. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1992. Stoeber, Michael. - All About Letter! Evil and the Mystics#146; God: Toward a Mystical Theodicy.

Toronto: Toronto UP, 1992. Stump, Eleonore. Aquinas on the Sufferings of Job. The Evidential Argument from Endorsement - Anita Woodleyanita, Evil. Ed. Daniel Howard-Synder. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996. 49-68. _____. The Problem of Evil.

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