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resume xml standard HR-XML (also comes in Digital Plan - Planet Candy a JSON variant, HR-JSON?): There is also Microformat (hResume): Europass is Training Needs Analysis - Google Search, used by Digital Marketing - Planet the European Union, HR-XML is used by the US government. Microformats are probably used by many. This stuff is OLD news.

We certainly don#x27;t have a shortage of usable standards. The problem here is: some European countries use very particular formats for Baby Bingo - My Practical Shower, their CVs. e.g. Germany has the tabular CV, which expects all these things to be organized by Marketing Plan - Planet Candy time and date, it even includes where and Sample Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample, when you went to Kindergarten. Europass doesn#x27;t fit many of those particularities (which is kind of the point). At one point I even added an explicit line to my Word#x2F;PDF versions: this document is also available in HR-XML format on request. Nobody ever asked, so eventually I just took the line out. I#x27;ve never heard of Europass CV, but I live in England, where EU is a dirty word. TBH, this is the sort of stuff most recruiters don#x27;t bother with anyway, in my experience the (European) recruiting industry runs on MS Office.

Some industry vendors might do some munging and conversion behind the scenes, but they#x27;ll likely never allow people to submit their own data outside of Digital Plan tightly-checked web forms. - Eliminate first#x2F;last name distinction, and let people just put in their full or legal#x2F;passport name. Names are very crazy across cultures, as in some people don#x27;t have first or last names, so might as well just let them enter free form text as their name. - Include a Preferred name field, also as freeform text. Baby Shower Gift Practical Baby Shower Guide! Some people like to go by nicknames, or shortenings of their names, and it will help out. - Collapse location region and state into a single field. - If websites is a hash with only a single field, call it website and make it a string.

3. Publish your JSON Schemas to Iglu Central, the first schema registry for JSON Schema - https:#x2F;#x2F;;snowplow#x2F;iglu-central. As for feedback on Digital Marketing Plan the schema itself, I#x27;d probably like to see some more detail allowed for Resume Images On, the courses under education. I remember after graduating, there really wasn#x27;t anything more substantial that I could put other than details about Digital - Planet Candy, my courses. Using the example on your page, I think HS1302 and Introduction to American History could possibly be separate fields, and Sample Bookkeeping Resume Level Bookkeeper, I think there should be an additional details#x2F;description#x2F;highlights field. Also, I am a consultant, and I like to list a projects section. Digital Plan Candy! Each project could have a name, a client, an Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper, employer (the consulting company), a date range, and Marketing Plan - Planet, details. Seriously, JSON really sucks at markup (it also kinda sucks as data interchange as well, but let#x27;s not worry about that here). This #x27;standard#x27; is so hand-wavy. Every property is a #x27;string#x27;, so why are you even bothering putting it in? Right, not really #x27;strings#x27; because a bunch of fields have a JavaScript (so we#x27;re not really sticking JSON here, are we!) comments to describe it. Presumably order of object properties matters, or maybe it doesn#x27;t, or maybe it matters for Mapping Aids, some (e.g. root object #x2F; address) and not for others (eg. phone numbers).

Date format? Who needs that! Which fields are optional? All of them? Some of them? None of them? I like the #x27;hobby#x27; field. Complete waste of space on a real resume and a complete waste of space here as well (hah: hobby name and hobby keyword).

Urgh. It#x27;s a mess. - Planet! A total mess. I#x27;m sorry, but XML isn#x27;t some panacea of describing or encoding document structures. Bookkeeping Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample! It#x27;s generally a collection of fragile verbose and overly complicated tools in Digital Plan a few given platforms to satisfy people that think enterprise programming means implementing every pattern that loosely fits their situation instead of clean, simple, elegant solutions that hide complexity where needed instead of creating more. JSON + JSON-Schema is no more of a mess than XML + XML Schemas. And generally far more forgiving in any modern programing environment for client#x2F;server use. For this reason, many developers resist JSON-Schema.

We already have one mess, if we need it - let#x27;s keep JSON clean! That#x27;s why we like it. A concrete example of Aids keeping JSON clean was the removal of Plan - Planet Candy comments from the JSON spec to stop people using them as directives. Organisational Needs Analysis Template Search! If they had stayed, and Digital Marketing - Planet, JSON became complex and ugly and Marketing By Canva, messy, would its popularity have continued? However. the Marketing Plan - Planet increasing prevalence of complex JSON formats may eventually make some form of Baby Gift Practical Baby JSON schema necessary. That part on the homepage is a documentation generator I made for any given schema, it#x27;s suppose to be more of a go to reference manual but I guess that is unclear on the homepage.

All the Digital Marketing - Planet modules have to pass the validator which is based off the Aids For Roleplayers formal specification in the repository. I think that is what you mean and as far as JSON is concerned, will keep at it for a bit and see how far it can go, if it#x27;s impossible hopefully a new standard in a correct format will take off and use some of the same tooling that we have built. There#x27;s a lot of Marketing Plan - Planet Candy reading between the lines that can be done in an resume. Even the fonts say something about the person. If the person is claiming to be a UI designer and their resume has poorly chosen fonts and Yellow Digital Marketing - Templates, bad kerning, I#x27;d toss it. Plan - Planet! If they claim to be a physics researcher and the resume is written in Word, I#x27;d toss it too. With a JSON resume you don#x27;t get any of this information. Also, it#x27;s not entirely clear how extensible this standard is. Resumes take multiple forms. A computer scientist might want to list a few open source projects.

A photographer might want to embed a sample or two of their work. The organization of a resume is almost as useful an introduction to For Roleplayers a candidate as the terms on it. Digital Marketing! It#x27;s also useful to understand how much time was put into the resume. If they claim to be a physics researcher and Mapping, the resume is - Planet Candy, written in Word, I#x27;d toss it too. Hm, that#x27;s going too far, though! However, I#x27;m not at Gift Bingo - My Baby Shower Guide, all convinced that JSON is the Marketing Candy way to do it. I think the way to do it is Baby Shower Gift Bingo - My Shower Guide, with XML and XSLT, although I already can hear the cries of Digital Candy But XML is yucky and XSLT is Bookkeeping Level Resume, hard. But by using JSON, we lose some semantic markup and end up having to parse it to create some semantic markup.

Still, I hope this, or something like it, takes off. Marketing Plan - Planet Candy! This just needs a web-based GUI tool to Mapping Aids publish a resume so that non-geeks can make it happen. LinkedIn actually exports into Plan - Planet Candy a Microformat called hResume which has been around for a long time but has evidently not been able to amass a large developer community. This was another reason we decided to not start with XML. That doesn#x27;t make sense. You wanted a low barrier to Examples Of Personal Assistant Resumes. Resume On entry, but you have to mark this up yourself with JSON, install command line tools, etc.

Seems to me a web app that I fill in some forms and Digital Marketing - Planet, generate a page on your site would be the Entry Bookkeeper quickest way to lower the barrier. At the moment the majority of web technologies are using JSON so we believe that to get this standard off the ground we will need to go with the grain. I understand the Digital Marketing Candy desire to use what#x27;s popular. But I just don#x27;t think it#x27;s the right choice. I#x27;m interested to School Gallery see the implementation of Marketing Plan how this is turned into a PDF though. Right now, though, it does sound a bit like every problem is a nail. Gallery! Perhaps it#x27;ll become more clear to me as I dig in Marketing - Planet Candy more. Again, I do think the project is very cool and will be encouraging my students to School Speeches Image Gallery - Hcpr take a look at Marketing Candy, how they can use this to promote themselves. We actually had to pull our PDF converter due to bugs and are currently just using a service called Though the general idea is that HTML can be passed through WebKit and Baby Shower Gift Bingo - My Guide, rendered as various image formats and PDF - http:#x2F;#x2F;; Here is a link to Digital Plan what your first idea might look like, it automatically generates forms based of JSON specifications - http:#x2F;#x2F;;json-editor#x2F;

I#x27;ll start adapting to support jsonresume. Gallery - Hcpr! I created my site as a LinkedIn resume generator, so integrating a JSON formatted feed shouldn#x27;t be much trouble. Digital! I#x27;ll start work on Mapping For Roleplayers it tonight and post it to Marketing Plan - Planet show HN when it#x27;s done. But let me guess: you will? (I#x27;ve worked at three recruiters, two of the biggest in the UK) So, not trying to Resume Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume be rude here, but have you wondered why it is that an XML resume format hasn#x27;t taken off? Other than it being based on icky XML?

I mean XML+XSLT has been around for a loooong time and Marketing Plan, can more than handle exactly what this format sets out to do, and yet a standard XML resume format hasn#x27;t taken off. I mean XML+XSLT has been around for a loooong time and can more than handle exactly what this format sets out to do, and - My Baby Shower Guide, yet a standard XML resume format hasn#x27;t taken off. It#x27;s just as likely that the Digital - Planet Candy answer is Resume Entry Bookkeeper Resume Sample, a standard resume format hasn#x27;t taken off where the serialization format is irrelevant. Digital Plan Candy! Maybe not enough people are interested in working with documents and knowledge at Needs - Google Search, that deeper, semantically meaningful level. Maybe sending resumes as PDF or MS Word or ODT and using simple keyword extraction has been good enough that nobody has felt the pull to Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy use a better system? What I mean is, it#x27;s entirely possible that this will fail to gain adoption for the exact same reason that the XML based one(s) did, and that the difference between JSON and XML is actually irrelevant. This is, of Baby Shower Gift Bingo Shower course, just speculation on my part. In any case, I hope this (or something like it) gains traction, since I#x27;m a strong proponent of publishing semantically meaningful content, whether it#x27;s in RDF#x2F;XML, JSON-LD, SGML, DAML+OIL, YAML, Texinfo, Markdown, Hytime or hieroglyphics chiseled into stone tablets. :-) But all that#x27;s needed is Marketing Plan, a script that eats XML resumes and outputs json resumes, and vice versa.

Just like I#x27;d rather write markdown and read (rendered) html+css. That said, on High Image Gallery - Hcpr the subject of XML not being icky: one resource for having fun with XML: Program Generators with XML and Digital Plan - Planet Candy, Java by - My J. Marketing - Planet Candy! Craig Cleaveland (Prentice-Hall, 2001): All this, and it doesn#x27;t provide line numbers when reporting errors due to an extra comma in the json file? Nor does it (yet) have LaTeX output. Still, can#x27;t complain, 5 minutes and Of Personal Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images, I have a resume draft that doesn#x27;t look half bad in html, and is presumably entirely reasonable to customize (not to mention it#x27;s all inn a json-file anyway, so one could just use what#x27;s in Plan - Planet ones actual resume, and shove the json through pretty much any scripting language w#x2F;templates and generate something reasonable). Currently have 60 fresh issues on Github for the schema so after we digest those we will be improving the CLI once again.

Just to be clear, I was taking the same position you were. Not to mention, XML is much more verbose, and when you wrap it in things like ws*#x2F;SOAP it gets really ugly really quickly, and if you don#x27;t map everything, it gets complicated and often fails. Organisational Needs - Google Search! When you publish a service using one toolkit, it#x27;s often difficult to use the service in another toolkit (example, using Java services in .Net gets really painful at times). Unless a lot of detail is done, or an API client in that client#x27;s environment is Plan - Planet, provided. This isn#x27;t about XML specifically but about the Yellow Company Brochure - Templates environment it tends to Digital Plan - Planet Candy create.

JSON is typically simpler to write, easier to code against and more forgiving in the tooling than XML is. Much like the differences between a scripted environment and a statically compiled environment. but intrinsically you can#x27;t look at XML file and know how a codified representation should look like. To me, it seems that both of those: 1. need a schema to Examples Of Personal 22 Best Images On be useful as a standard 2. express their hierarchy 3. don#x27;t specify data type (although I could add that info to Marketing Plan Candy both if needed) 4. have a level of annoying to them (commas, colons, angle brackets, etc) which modern IDEs have taken care of for us. if you have an element it will have properties and School Image Gallery, child elements. Digital - Planet Candy! said child elements may contain children, strings, or . I need to use documentation to use `package.json` files too, because each node may or may not contain children. Node graciously tells me if I missed something. High Speeches - Hcpr! Docbook also tells me if my XML is Digital, malformed.

I see no difference here, JSON maps much more naturally to an object model in Training Needs Analysis Search a given language. It maps to a hash#x2F;dictionary. I#x27;m not sure that qualifies as an object model unless you only write JavaScript. I#x27;d really like people to understand that XML is, like HTML, really great at describing and marking up content so that something else may process it. Though I would love to Digital Marketing Candy hear someone else#x27;s thoughts on Aids For Roleplayers why an XML resume hasn#x27;t gained critical mass. Here#x27;s a silly playground I wrote to Candy show my students XML. There#x27;s a pre-built example you can run.

XML is Examples Of Personal Assistant Images On, perfectly human-readable. but I also don#x27;t know XML that well. Suddenly that statement makes sense. The majority of Digital - Planet which technologies? The CV generators that are already out Resume Resume Sample, there, which are the most relevant ones, don#x27;t use JSON. How are you creating a low barrier to Marketing Candy entry by Digital - Templates completely disregarding what people are already using? JSON was a much better choice. YAML would have been better still (it#x27;s more human readable), but both beat XML hands down in any situation. It#x27;s one of the best tools for marking up content. It#x27;s a Markup Language!

If you#x27;ve never used XSLT you really should look at Plan Candy, what it can do. Because I can transform an XML resume into something gorgeous without writing too much programming logic. It#x27;s the High Speeches Image Gallery - Hcpr reason so many technical book publishers use XML. Digital - Planet Candy! Easy to transform content while also describing that content. It is absurdly popular in bureaucratic environments.

Bureaucrats adore its complex rules, ability to Organisational Training Needs - Google Search create arcane standards and Digital Plan, illusion of openness. Organisational Template - Google! It#x27;s also good for Digital Marketing Plan Candy, job security. Sample Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample! However, none of that bodes well for Digital Marketing Plan, the rest of us. I have used XSLT and I am absolutely appalled that something like that can even exist. It#x27;s actually worse than XML. It is a turing complete language (this means that you can make it as complex as you like, and boy oh boy does THAT happen), but its readability is Organisational Training Search, AWFUL. There is a reason we have other general purpose languages turing complete like python or javascript or even java and Digital Marketing Candy, that is because, while they may have some warts, they have had a lot more thought put into them in order to Sample Bookkeeping Resume Bookkeeper help make them more consistent, better structured and readable than similarly committee-designed #x2F; thrown together languages like XSLT. I can use a normal programming language transform a JSON resume into something gorgeous and I GUARANTEE it will be lot easier to Digital Marketing Plan - Planet read and Examples 22 Best Images, modify than your XSLT equivalent. Sorry to rain on Digital Marketing Plan Candy your parade, but it#x27;s true.

Oh stop. XML syntax is freaking simple. High School Image Gallery - Hcpr! tagcontent#x2F;tag, tagchild. #x2F;child. #x2F;tag, or tag attribute=value . #x2F;tag. Toss in namespaces for composing other formats _if need be_ (and you don#x27;t have to use them). And. Digital Marketing Candy! you#x27;re done for 99.9% of any use case you can think of. You have to High Gallery - Hcpr repeat yourself when you close a tag. Digital Plan - Planet Candy! Whoopdedoo.

Any decent editor will close them for you anyway. I think the XML sucks crowd are conflating very complex XML _formats_ with XML _itself_ and deciding that XML is Training - Google, ridiculously complex and verbose because e.g., SOAP is complex and verbose. Just curious, do you hate HTML for similar reasons as well? Truth be told, I find XML easier to read than JSON in many cases. - Planet! shrug. * Namespaces and namespace collision handling. * The likelihood that you will receive badly formed XML and be forced to parse it anyway. * The multiple different ways of escaping characters.

Oh, and your parser has to handle ALL of this. It#x27;s no good assuming that since the basics are fairly basic it doesn#x27;t matter. It doesn#x27;t matter only when you#x27;re generating XML, but somebody SOMEWHERE is going to have to consume it. Wanna know why it#x27;s typically possible to School Speeches - Hcpr blow up an XML parser with a memory leak or a buffer overflow but not a JSON parser? This complexity is why.

Just using it creates an Plan, increased attack surface for your internet facing API. Just curious, do you hate HTML for similar reasons as well? I#x27;m not its biggest fan, and I feel like it could have been done a lot better. However, A) there isn#x27;t much alternative so bitching about it it somewhat pointless and B) at least I never have parse it (want an exercise in frustration some time? try doing THAT. ). I was mentioning the 99.9% use case of XML for For Roleplayers, e.g., a resume format. You don#x27;t have to specify DOCTYPEs, namespaces, etc. The likelihood that you will receive badly formed XML and Plan Candy, be forced to parse it anyway.

You#x27;re supposed to fail on badly-formed XML! Oh, and your parser has to handle ALL of this. So? I don#x27;t have to write an XML parser because there are numerous well-tested ones already written. I wouldn#x27;t write a JSON parser for the same reason. Wanna know why it#x27;s typically possible to blow up an XML parser with a memory leak or a buffer overflow but not a JSON parser?

First of Sample Bookkeeping Resume Entry Sample all, you shouldn#x27;t speak in absolutes. You certainly could write a JSON parser that blows up for the same reasons. There#x27;s nothing inherent in Plan - Planet JSON that makes it impossible to write a bad parser. at least I never have parse it (want an exercise in frustration some time? try doing THAT. ). For anything more than a trivial format you can automatically have the Sample Resume Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample parser bind the content to Plan a POJO (or your language#x27;s plain old object analogue). Just because you were forced to use bad schemas in enterprisey situations doesn#x27;t mean XML is bad. SOAP is not XML. High Speeches! Spring MVC is not XML. Candy! Those things use XML.

Docbook#x27;s pretty easy to follow. That, in my opinion, is a great example of XML+XSLT. With XML I can do this: experience titleManager#x2F;title companyVeridian Dynamics#x2F;company description Responsible for doing all manner of things. #x2F;description #x2F;experience It describes exactly what we#x27;re looking for in the same way as the JSON variant does. Baby Shower Practical Baby! My editor will auto-close those tags the same way my editor will auto-close the Marketing - Planet Candy closing curly braces in the JSON version. Of course, we could make it suck if we just go ahead and add all sorts of extra rules and hierarchy and turn it into a monstrosity. But I#x27;d rather not. I am not complaining about being forced to Bookkeeping Resume Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample use bad schemas in enterprisey situations, either. That is Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, merely the icing on 22 Best Images On the cake of the badness that is XML.

I am complaining simply because there is not one instance I have ever come across in my entire programming career (12 years now) where XML would have served me better than an alternative (assuming I had a choice). Zero. With XML I can do this: experience titleManager#x2F;title companyVeridian Dynamics#x2F;company description Responsible for doing all manner of things. Digital Plan - Planet! #x2F;description #x2F;experience Yes, you can, but so what? You can do that in YAML and JSON too. Needs Template - Google! Furthermore, your YAML#x2F;JSON parser is 10x less complex, faster, less likely to have buffer overflow security issues and less likely to Digital Marketing have memory leaks. Furthermore, while my app that consumes this markup will probably have to Bookkeeping Entry Level Sample treat experiencetitleManagercompanyVeridian#x2F;experience as valid, because consuming badly formed XML is Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, standard and expected (your product manager will probably treat not parsing it as a bug), my app won#x27;t EVER have to treat invalid JSON as valid. Of course, we could make it suck. Yes, and there#x27;s a 90% chance somebody will. Whereas with JSON and YAML the chances of it being made to suck are far lower, because so many of the unnecessary avenues which are used to make XML suck are closed off in Sample Resume Entry Resume YAML.

XML is a markup language. JSON is - Planet Candy, a serialization language. YAML is a serialization language too. I want to For Roleplayers semantically mark up my content. And this is very different than application programming with XML. You want to write a book with Docbook#x27;s XML? Better give it exactly what it wants, or it will reject it. It#x27;s not SOAP. The way I look at it this is as much (and probably way more) a platform to write services on top of as it is a another hole to Marketing Plan throw resume.xml down. Sample Resume Entry! And for that, json is undeniably better suited. Nobody is - Planet Candy, trying to convince you to Baby Gift Practical Baby Shower publish books in json.

Yes you do, because otherwise people will treat your application as buggy. Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy! People have tried doing this with browsers and it never, EVER, ever works. If one app accepts malformed markup, they expect every other one to do it as well and no amount of preaching about the Mapping Aids sanctity of well formed markup is Marketing - Planet, going to Mapping change their mind. You#x27;re talking web services again and I#x27;m talking about resumes. If resumes are going to be done in markup it#x27;s so they can be consumed by web services. There is Digital Candy, no point in having a machine readable language if it#x27;s not going to be read by machines. You#x27;re talking general and I#x27;m talking about Baby Shower Gift Guide, a specific place, publishing content, where XML shines. I would rather use LaTeX for publishing content. It#x27;s complex, but it can handle layout beautifully. For simple markup, I would rather use markdown.

Markdown in YAML would probably be a better solution than docbook, but docbook#x27;s the Digital - Planet Candy standard now, so not much you can really do about Mapping Aids For Roleplayers, that. Yes you do, because otherwise people will treat your application as buggy. You are mistaking HTML#x2F;Browser rendering and XML parsing. An application that parses XML for book rendering, or whatever the Marketing - Planet Candy hell the purpose of the application is, will fail on invalid input, whether it is Bookkeeping Resume Entry Sample, because of Marketing - Planet invalid tag nesting or schema invalidity. That is NORMAL, and you would do the same with JSON, so that#x27;s not because of Baby Shower Gift Bingo Baby Shower Guide history of HTML and IE#x2F;Netscape#x2F;whatever that you need to change your mind about XML. If resumes are going to be done in markup it#x27;s so they can be consumed by Marketing Plan Candy web services. So if a web service was to accept a specific type of XML, it would certainly need to be made valid, if a client does not conform why the fuck do you want your service to be permissive? Seriously.

You can make a service that accepts the resume schema directly, or embed it in Baby Gift - My Baby Shower a CDATA if you want to. I would rather use LaTeX for publishing content. It#x27;s complex, but it can handle layout beautifully. Talking about apple and oranges. XML and docbook are not the - Planet Candy same. I am not mistaking, I am comparing. An application that parses XML for Image, book rendering, or whatever the hell the Digital Marketing purpose of the application is, will fail on invalid input.

Which will be treated as a bug if other applications DON#x27;T fail (which some undoubtedly will). That is NORMAL, and you would do the same with JSON. In my experience the OPPOSITE is Mapping Aids, normal. If XML is invalid but still makes sense, you treat it as valid, because if you don#x27;t, your competitors will. If the customer is getting XML from output X and Digital Marketing, feeding into Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample your app, he doesn#x27;t care that output X is outputting invalid XML if your competitors#x27; apps accept it. He#x27;ll just treat your app as the broken one, not buy it and Digital Marketing, move on with his life and you#x27;ve just lost a sale. I#x27;ve seen it happen MANY times. This phenomenon does NOT just apply to browsers, it#x27;s just more aptly demonstrated with browsers. NOBODY wants a browser that doesn#x27;t accept valid HTML. Of Personal 22 Best Images On! They never did and Digital Marketing - Planet, they never will. And what#x27;s different about web pages to any other kind of Baby Shower Gift Bingo - My Baby Shower XML?

There#x27;s more of Candy them, that#x27;s all, and people want ALL of them to work. Permissiveness in the consumers is inevitable with ANY kind of XML document that becomes popular for For Roleplayers, exactly the same reason as it is with browsers. that#x27;s not because of history of HTML and IE#x2F;Netscape#x2F;whatever that you need to change your mind about XML. Yes it is because this sort-of-invalid-but-not-quite problem is Marketing - Planet, a unique one to Shower Gift Bingo Practical Baby Guide XML. JSON doesn#x27;t have it. So if a web service was to Digital Marketing - Planet accept a specific type of XML, it would certainly need to be made valid. If you don#x27;t think somebody would throw invalid XML at your app and not expect it to Digital Marketing work then you#x27;ve clearly never worked with XML seriously. If you think you can just tell the customer to go fuck themselves because the XML they got from Marketing Plan another service doesn#x27;t validate, see my previous point. if a client does not conform why the Resume Level fuck do you want your service to be permissive? Seriously.

Because it will make your service work where an impermissive one won#x27;t, and when your service works and competitors don#x27;t, that#x27;s called gaining marketshare. You can make a service that accepts the Digital Plan resume schema directly, or embed it in a CDATA if you want to. Or you could just use JSON or YAML. Talking about apple and oranges. XML and docbook are not the same. Yes, you are mistaking it. High Gallery - Hcpr! HTML is Digital, relaxed about various parsing errors. XML absolutely is not. If the Baby Shower - My Baby input document so much as has a closing tag missing, parsing will fail, end of Marketing story. If it doesn#x27;t match your schema, parsing will fail, end of Baby Shower Gift - My Baby story.

I#x27;m not sure why you keep going on about this point. Marketing - Planet Candy! You#x27;re woefully misinformed if you think XML parsers accept malformed input. Which will be treated as a bug if other applications DON#x27;T fail (which some undoubtedly will). Are you talking about my app accepts schema A and another app accepts schema A.1, therefore if I don#x27;t accept schema A.1 people will think my app sucks? I#x27;m not sure why you think this is an XML-specific issue. Yes apples and Aids For Roleplayers, oranges. They taste different, because they are.

In my experience the - Planet Candy OPPOSITE is normal. If XML is invalid but still makes sense, you treat it as valid, because if you don#x27;t, your competitors will. If this is a business requirement you would do the Bookkeeping Resume Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample same for Digital Marketing, JSON. If you don#x27;t think somebody would throw invalid XML at your app and not expect it to School Speeches Gallery work then you#x27;ve clearly never worked with XML seriously. Nope, if you have a customer sending you an XML which should validate against Digital Plan, a predefined schema, no, hell no. Of Personal Resumes. Resume Images! I#x27;ve worked for the European office of publications, and the web services were just receiving tons of XML on a daily basis.

And you know what, invalid XML were rejected that#x27;s as simple as that. If you don#x27;t respect the supplied schema, retry when correct. Docbook USES XML. Last but not least, HTML is not XML, HTML is Digital - Planet, not a subset of High School Speeches - Hcpr XML. Permissiveness has nothing to do with web services acceptance of invalid schemas. If you call a Google service whether it uses SOAP (so XML) or REST, if the Marketing request body is invalid, you#x27;ll be rejected either way. The SOAP one won#x27;t try to parse more or resolve issues just because it is XML based. XSLT isn#x27;t a document format, its by design a domain-specific programming language designed for use in transforming XML documents to other formats. Adding xsl:if makes it code, horrible, horrible code. Its supposed to be code. Now, if you want to argue that its horrible code, that#x27;s another issue, but complaining that XSLT is code when that#x27;s the whole point of XSLT is, well, missing the - My Guide point.

They have a HR-JSON and HR-XML schema for HR docs.. If that standard is important and well designed, it should be trivial to Marketing Candy write a converter from Organisational Training Analysis Search JSON Resume. As Douglas Crockford once said (I believe in reference to Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy XMLRPC) the Examples Of Personal Assistant 22 Best Images On great thing about reinventing the Digital Candy wheel is that you might get a round one. (on the HR Open Standards Board of Yellow Digital Marketing Brochure By Canva Directors) The plan is to create a standard that developers worldwide are comfortable enough with to build upon. To give the Digital Marketing Candy standard some traction, we have built tools to export to School Speeches - Hcpr other formats such as pdf, txt and Marketing - Planet, doc. We also thought it would be cool and useful to have an Organisational Needs Analysis Search, NPM like system for resumes. So we built a CLI heavily inspired by NPM, to init and publish your resume to the registry.

The themes right now are in bad shape, and Digital Marketing, we are looking for designers who would love to jump in during the early stages. We are thinking of building a theming version manager on High Gallery top of NPM to take advantage of versions#x2F;distribution and Marketing, also allow theme developers to Organisational Training Needs Template implement their theming systems however they like (erb, mustache, md etc). People with comments about the standard semantics and structure are encouraged to post their ideas to Github issues. - http:#x2F;#x2F;;jsonresume#x2F;resume-schema We also want to formalize the Marketing standard a lot more over the coming weeks. If the project can be pulled off professionally and High School Speeches, driven by the community, we believe that working with resumes will be fun! Edit: Here are some of the reasons why I personally think JSON resumes will improve HR. (trying to Digital Marketing Plan Candy figure out bullet points) - Better searching and filtering than PDF#x2F;doc. Making recruiting a tad easier.

- Applying themes will be a lot easier. - Applying for jobs will be easier. Instead of filling out complex forms over and over again services might start allowing you to auto-fill with your JSON resume. - There are many services that ask for your career history such as LinkedIn, etc. These could be autopopulated or synced with your master copy.

- You can update your resume programatically so Github projects can be inserted and any other online certificates that you might want automatically added to your resume like Mozilla Open Badges - http:#x2F;#x2F;; - The comment section suggests that lots of innovation could arise from it. Make sure you try the Yellow Digital Marketing Brochure CLI! sudo npm install -g resume-cli. I#x27;ve posted an issue on github [0][1] mentioning that firstName and lastName is probably not a good representation of names. I don#x27;t actually know what the solution is, but this article [2] gives some great reasons why we tend to Digital Plan make incorrect assumptions about peoples names, which have the possibility of excluding some people form our tools based on their name alone. 1. Asking for Given Name and Surname clears up most issues with cultures like Korea (where surname comes first). 2. Simply have a Name field. Accept any Unicode characters. Speeches Image! Hope for the best.

If someone has a name that cannot be represented in written characters or cannot be rendered in Plan - Planet Candy Unicode (which would be amazing, since Unicode covers ancient dead languages and fictional languages like Klingon) they probably have more pressing issues than trying to serialize their resume. In Germany it#x27;s not really common to call people by Needs Template Search their first name (IT is an exception), but I would hardly put Mr. Lastname into what do we call you. It all depends on the context, even in the limited scope of a resume. You see, if you are calling person from Germany, knowing how to address him is not enough, you shall still know how to make a call. If you don#x27;t know that, you#x27;ll be rude anyways, and Marketing Plan, if you know that, you#x27;ll also know a proper way of Sample Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume addressing persons in different cultures.

Is there really any further scope that should be covered? If there are specific cultural issues, shouldn#x27;t that be hammered out later? Really, the Digital Marketing Plan Candy design question for JSON Resume is For what purpose is a name being provided? Perhaps you should just require full name which the author of the resume would decide for him or herself. Regarding that: I recently reached the fed-up point with sudo or not sudo to install nodejs app and Organisational Needs Analysis Template - Google Search, the mess it leaves behind when using sudo for just installing some local binaries. I stumbled upon nvm[0] when installing docpad: The above should not require sudo (the # means sudo). If it does, we recommend reinstalling Node.js so that it doesn#x27;t. Otherwise you#x27;re likely to run into permission problems in the future. Follow the Step 1 instructions to reinstall Node.js without requiring sudo.[1]

Which led me to this: It makes npm installs everything under $HOME and Plan - Planet Candy, never needs to be ran with escalated privileges. `nvm install X.X` and Examples Assistant Resumes., `nvm use X.X` allows switching between node versions and installed packages. My resume.json for science [3] What they#x27;re proposing is Digital Marketing Candy, structure, not machine readability. Technically, with the state of OCR and other methods, many things like LaTeX, PDFs, .DOCs, etc are all perfectly machine readable -- the problem is getting the information out in a meaningful way. that#x27;s usually done by standardizing on structure. When it comes to specifying structure, XML and JSON are pretty much the Needs Template Search front-runners (at least I think so), and Digital Marketing Plan Candy, since XML isn#x27;t so popular lately (since it#x27;s so verbose), JSON is in the spotlight now. Uh, no. Resumes. Resume Images On! What does OCR even have to do with the #x27;machine readability#x27; (for your strange definition of it) of the formats you mention? Other than the fact that most of the things I noted are ALREADY in a state that is computer usable (whether it makes sense to humans looking at Marketing - Planet, computers is Examples Of Personal Assistant Resumes. On, another question), I was trying to point out that getting the information into a computer (A.K.A. Machine readability) is not the issue we#x27;re struggling with now, it#x27;s structuring, characterizing and understanding the Plan Candy information.

I mentioned OCR because it#x27;s used to parse resumes to find important bits when other methods fail (or someone submits something crazy like a scanned version of their resume instead of the file) -- something that wouldn#x27;t be necessary if there was a standard (like is being proposed) to adhere to, that people could semantically find what they wanted from. Also, if you read closely, I said with the state of OCR AND OTHER METHODS. OCR does not have anything to do with the machine readability of other methods, it#x27;s just one method people use to extract data, or for machines to read the document. The big picture is to make as many things as possible machine readable (things more difficult than resumes), and use machines to work faster than humans ever could. Edit: references should also have an optional #x27;organisation#x27; field and a #x27;position title#x27; field.

This reference was the technical lead at Foo Corp, my second-last job. Contactable here It took me ages to figure out Mapping For Roleplayers, what this actually was, because your non-standard lazy spelling made me think this was about resuming interrupted downloads#x2F;transfers of generic JSON data. (Possibly by Digital Marketing Plan - Planet doing a partial parse of the data that you have got, or over a non-HTTP protocol, otherwise why not just use HTTP Range: headers?) I had to unlearn that before the light-bulb went off. I mean, resume and resume have the same French root, but in English - even American English as far as I can tell - they#x27;re totally different words! Even the Organisational Analysis - Google Search pronounciation is completely different. Marketing - Planet Candy! So why would someone spell resume as resume, especially in the name#x2F;title of a project about them? How is that going to do anything except cause confusion? We have words with the same spelling but different meanings and pronunciations all the Of Personal 22 Best Images On time - so called Heteronyms [2]. Digital - Planet! Doesn#x27;t seem that confusing to me.

To me it#x27;d be pretty weird if people who understood the word role were baffled by the word role. Really? I#x27;ve always thought of heteronyms as one of the most stand-out features of English that exemplify its confusing inconsistency. More so than the homophones, because it#x27;s harder to think of the Resumes. other meanings if you#x27;ve got the wrong pronunciation in Digital Marketing - Planet your head. In reference to the passage you quoted about diacritics, if only Gift Bingo - My Practical you had read as far as the next-but-one paragraph, you might have noticed: Words that retain their accents often do so to help indicate pronunciation (e.g. frappe, naive, souffle), or to help distinguish them from an Digital Plan - Planet Candy, unaccented English word (e.g. expose, resume , rose). Anyway, more to Baby Shower Gift Baby the point, there has been some existing work done on developing standards for representing resumes. Digital Marketing! I would highly , highly encourage you guys to look at this and consider making whatever you do compatible with the existing work as much as possible. Consider ResumeRDF[1] for example. Maybe consider doing JSON-LD and using the FOAF and ResumeRDF vocabularies? It#x27;s probably a bad idea to encourage people to list protected characteristics on a CV #x2F; resume. Employers (except vary rare exceptions) can#x27;t use this information so there#x27;s no point including it.

I#x27;m guessing it happened because they borrowed a generic notion of person attributes from Of Personal Assistant Resumes. Resume Images On some other, less specific, source, and didn#x27;t really consider the Digital Marketing Plan Candy legal implications you mention. I guess it#x27;s an open question whether or not there#x27;s any actual valid scenario where somebody would want to put that stuff. It seems unlikely to me, but maybe in other countries or something? Hmmm. dunno. - Allows extensibility with other xml standards (such as SVG and MathML in your resume, which might makes sense) - Allows linking to other stuff with XLink - Allows styling it with lots of Sample Bookkeeping Level Sample xml styling technologies. - Better versioning support. JSON is not bad however, so if you just want to Digital Plan have simple plaint text cv#x27;s, json is good enough. I do agree that with XML comes bloatness, complexity, and Training Analysis, more crap. Marketing Plan - Planet Candy! However from Examples Of Personal Resume Images a pure technical point of view, its a better option for doing resumes.

That project seems dead now, and recent updates to Digital Plan - Planet Candy my systems have resulted in me being able to Resume Bookkeeper Sample build HTMLTXT but not PDF. In the future, when looking for a job, I#x27;ll be looking at Candy, JSON instead. It might not be the best tool, but it seems to be what several _live_ and active projects are using. * By open source standard, what do they mean? I don#x27;t see any evidence they#x27;re on an RFC track, so this would be standard in what way? * Why? I#x27;ve never needed a resume in JSON format, but that is anecdotal. They don#x27;t really say why they#x27;re pursuing this on Aids the site, except why they chose JSON. Good luck, either way! Making something isn#x27;t easy, so I applaud any effort to do anything. Let#x27;s say you had a bank of resumes -- you could easily find all resumes that know Java and Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, have had at least 2 jobs and Template, an active GitHub repo, and automatically send out a request to their references.

Currently, you have to read an unformatted PDF and extract the Digital Marketing info manually -- it#x27;s not the end of the world, but it gets tedious if you#x27;re dealing with lots of resumes. Except that you#x27;re going to have people who put J2EE or J2ME or JavaFX or whatever else people like to specialize in Sample Bookkeeping Resume Entry Bookkeeper Sample instead of plain Java. For example, what is an Plan Candy, RFC track? I was also hoping that Github Issues might be able to replace the mailing list style of managing standards, what do you think? I feel like it would be a much better way of Shower Gift - My handling resume type data if it was self describing rather than using a very specific schema that ties you into a data structure that may not make sense in many cases.

In that case you could simply look for Digital Marketing Candy, different types of data to display versus a very specific format that won#x27;t hold up to every use case. If you want JSON, you can export it from the hResume using a parser. Unlike JSON (or XML), non-programmers can read HTML in a crazy new piece of technology called a web browser without having to run it through any transformation tool. Want PDF to Examples Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On send to a company? There are a few WebKit PDF renderers available. Want to style it? CSS. Want nice fonts? WebFonts. It#x27;s a web page.

Crazy idea. The only #x27;benefit#x27; I see is that the Marketing Plan crawlers#x2F;recruiters can parse your resume easier. Great for them; usually not so great for you. You are just backing up my point that recruiters will use it to grab your data and filter you like a product. There is absolutely no benefit to you as an engineer. Quality #x2F; noise ratio is the issue here. It#x27;s boring and tedious work, and the number of edge cases will multiply geometrically, but it#x27;s likely the only kind of thing that would make this take off. P.S.

Why not YAML? I agree that making it interchangeable is best overall (especially since there is a 1:1 convertibility between the two languages). Perhaps the brand should actually reflect this instead. JSON is Resume Level, preferable in Digital Candy a data interchange scenario, but for keeping or displaying a human readable version, YAML is better. As before, though, it#x27;s not YAML#x2F;JSON - it#x27;s the richness of the import#x2F;export filters that will make this idea float or die. Nobody much is going to want this so that they can publish their resume on People will want to use it so they can efficiently and easily import their linkedin resume and upload it to [insert fortune 500] company#x27;s custom HR portal #x2F; top 7 job sites. - I found it a bit odd that #x27;resume init#x27; only prompted for firstName and personal email; a more complete wizard would be useful. Mapping For Roleplayers! I suppose it wouldn#x27;t be hard to create a third-party JSON resume generator app with a nice friendly pretty interface for Digital Plan Candy, this (it is Baby Shower Bingo - My Baby Shower, just JSON, after all).

- As mentioned in other comments, the firstName and lastName fields make excessive assumptions about the user#x27;s native#x2F;preferred naming convention. - The schema only provides for a blog element in Digital Plan - Planet the websites array. More options would be appreciated, since not every personal website is a blog. Alternately (if the intent is really for only one website entry), providing a scalar#x2F;string website element would be more to-the-point. - As someone who prefers YAML (it looks so much nicer), built-in support for YAML-JSON conversion would be awesome for me (i.e. be able to Baby Shower - My Baby Guide export to Marketing Plan Candy #x2F; import from YAML). For now I#x27;m fine with using yaml2json#x2F;json2yaml, but such import#x2F;export functionality would be awesome. Perhaps a command-line switch for Mapping, exporting (i.e. resume init --yaml)? Alternately. - On the above note, would it be possible to Digital Marketing Plan make resume init output to STDOUT instead of directly to Needs Analysis Template - Google Search a file?

That way, it would be simple to run resume init | json2yaml resume.yaml (for example). Will add your other feedback to the issue tracker soon. * It#x27;s common for Digital Marketing - Planet, resumes to Organisational Training Needs Analysis Search include a full address, so elements supporting that could be added to the location. There should probably be a way to Plan - Planet Candy strip this out before publishing it to a public place though. * I#x27;d like to see a section for volunteer activities. Aids! I do some volunteering which, while not related to my day job, is worth highlighting. * The references section would usually include contact information for a potential employer. Generally this would be a separate page that would be given during an interview.

My main resume says References available upon Digital Marketing Plan Candy request and I have a separate document with my references in Sample Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample it. The biggest win, in my mind, is that the Plan - Planet Candy schema captures the knowledge of what belongs on a resume. Being able to Mapping For Roleplayers take that single source and produce multiple versions (e.g., the Marketing Plan - Planet Candy public one, the private one with full details, a list of references, etc), not to mention everything else that comes with a standard schema, is a huge bonus. Your meta-layer idea is great too, at Yellow Brochure, the moment we only have password protected resumes. We are actually building an encryption converter, so you can encrypt your resume with a passphrase, I imagine these public,private etc versions could be controlled by encryption. I posted about it then (http:#x2F;#x2F;;2013#x2F;06#x2F;19#x2F;my-happiness-formula-me-js. , but the thought at Marketing Plan - Planet, the time had been that it would be nice if prospective employees published something along the lines of things that contributed to their contentment with work. This was eventually intended to be presented sans ratings in a little browser plugin, for recruiters and the like to Examples 22 Best Resume Images score themselves honestly against the criteria, and Marketing, a little bit of math would yield a compatibility rating on a click. It wouldn#x27;t take long until such a thing evolved into a more full-featured resume such as this.

I like the idea. I can imagine that for certain people it offers opportunities to Of Personal Resume Images network, but in my case it is more an invitation for random people to spam me than a tool to Digital Marketing Plan connect. Beyond the resume, I am wondering if it would be possible to build some kind of decentralized professional network, with resumes as nodes and professional#x2F;academic relationships in Bookkeeping Sample between, maybe even a vetting system (LinkedIn recommendations are not only time consuming but also worthless IMHO). I don#x27;t know that the Plan themes, necessarily, are that useful (I don#x27;t like the High Speeches Image - Hcpr idea of implicitly connecting presentation with JSON like that - i#x27;ll make my own themes thank you) but I do like the idea of a common transport format for resumes. You have publications, but that implies written material is produced.

And should publications have a place for co-authors? It seems wrong to not acknowledge them. We also want to build a feature into the command line tool that lets users sync their resume.json to LinkedIn. All you have to Digital Candy do is use the terms with JSON-LD. I#x27;m surprised they didn#x27;t go for interoperability with what#x27;s already out there. Checking that dates are logical, spell checks, checking for dead links, showing employment gaps and so on. Sorry I really don#x27;t understand the Bookkeeping Bookkeeper use-case. Digital Marketing - Planet Candy! Having an API is good for styling (as you say), or doing some soft of Training Template programmatic transformation to data. I am having trouble understanding the need to do either for Marketing - Planet Candy, a resume. Maybe it would help as metadata for a search engine, but in Examples Of Personal Assistant 22 Best Resume Images that case I think a plain text search would be just as effective?

I think json schema is Marketing - Planet, a really nice thing to have and I#x27;d like to see more people adopt it, but I#x27;m having trouble coming up with the Baby Shower Bingo Practical Baby Shower Guide point for this use. Of course, this is not to imply that having a really well-done resume is Digital - Planet, really worth much either. I#x27;ve actually written my resume in markup for a while just so that I could put it on a nice dynamically driven site. Company Brochure - Templates By Canva! Sort of a fun weekend project (no, it#x27;s not hosted anywhere). While I strongly doubt that this will ever be a standard, I think it#x27;s nifty, and potentially useful. It opens up easy, pretty resumes, which the Digital world really needs (Note: I#x27;m not being sarcastic. The number of mountains-of-text word document resumes I#x27;ve gotten in the past few weeks is too high). People have been doing XML+XSLT for their resumes for a long time, yet it really hasn#x27;t taken off in a standard way for whatever reason. Not sure this being JSON-based will change that.

I guess I#x27;m wondering what this solution brings to Baby Baby Guide the table that previous attempts didn#x27;t. Other people have mentioned the firstName#x2F;lastName problem and the region#x2F;state ambiguity. I#x27;ll mention a few more items that might be helpful if you really want this to become a worldwide standard: 1. In some countries, it is not only Digital Marketing Candy legal but also customary for employers to ask for, and Baby Gift Bingo, job seekers to include, various demographic information about Digital - Planet, themselves that would be considered discriminatory in the U.S. For example, sex#x2F;gender, date of Training Analysis birth, marriage status, and Plan Candy, family details.

It would be good to define such fields in the schema but leave them optional. Or define a catch-all field where anyone can add any key-value pair. 1-1. High! Don#x27;t forget the full street address, including the Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy postal code! 1-2. Citizenship.

This is very important for companies that might need to Mapping Aids sponsor your visa and#x2F;or geeen card. 1-3. In some countries, it is customary to Marketing include a photograph of yourself in Level Bookkeeper Resume your resume. Marketing Plan Candy! Perhaps this could take the Of Personal Assistant Resume On form of a photo field that takes a URL. 1-4. There needs to be a field where you can write down an alternate expression of your name. - Planet! Many Korean names can be written in Examples Assistant 22 Best Resume Images On either Hangul or Hanja. Digital Plan - Planet Candy! Most Japanese names are written in Kanji, but often accompanied by Resume Entry Bookkeeper Hiragana to help the Digital Plan Candy reader pronounce them properly. A lot of Baby Shower Bingo - My Baby Shower Guide employers in these countries require both forms. 2. Since this is going to be electronically processed, perhaps it would be a good idea to include the ticker code for publicly traded companies in one#x27;s employment history?

GOOG is much easier to search for than variations of Google, Google Inc., etc. 3. The publications schema will need to be significantly expanded if you want scientists and other academics to even consider using this. Digital Candy! Take a look at how academic publications are cited. At the very least, there needs to be a field to specify the type of Of Personal Assistant 22 Best Resume Images publication, e.g. book, ebook, edited book, journal article, newspaper article, conference presentation, workshop presentation, blog post, website, etc. There should also be a doi field for scientific and other academic publications. 3-1. The education schema needs a summary field, just like the Plan Candy employment schema.

4. Baby Shower Practical Guide! Some employers prefer to get the content of the reference from the referee him#x2F;herself, rather than having the applicant include it in the resume. (Otherwise, the applicant could modify the content.) So you need fields to put the Digital Plan Candy email address (to contact the Resumes. 22 Best On referee) and a URL (to grab the content of the reference) in the references field. Oh, and Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, don#x27;t forget the referee#x27;s employer and title#x2F;position. Those things matter. 4-1. Bonus points if the content of the reference can be authenticated with the referee#x27;s PGP key.

4-2. Extra bonus points if the entire resume can be authenticated with the applicant#x27;s PGP key, to prevent hiring agencies from messing with the content.

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10 mistakes that could ruin your resume. The goal of a resume is to let a potential employer know why you're the best person for the job. Here are 10 practices that impede that goal. There is one goal for Digital Candy, your resume: To show a potential employer why you are the best person for the job. However, there are so many things that can get in the way of what should be a clear message. Sample Resume Level Resume Sample. Here are ten of the most common mistakes made in resumes. This may be one of the most difficult concepts for job hunters to Digital Plan Candy, grasp, but your resume is not something you create for Resumes. Resume Images, yourself . You create it, format it, and organize it so that it's easy for a hiring manager to gauge your fit with the job he or she is offering. It's important to tailor your resume to Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, each job you apply to. I promise you, no hiring manager is going to study your resume for specifics that would apply to the job at hand.

Your resume has to make them obvious. For example, if you're applying for Mapping Aids For Roleplayers, a project manager position, highlight any experience and Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, accomplishments that show your expertise in project management, even if you have to switch to a functional resume format to do it. While the bulk of your work experience may be in tech support, it's really not applicable to the job at hand, so don't concentrate on the day-to-day minutiae. Concentrate instead on those instances where you demonstrated leadership, ingenuity, and organizational skills. Hiring executives have a low threshold for resume bloopers.

A study on claims that one out of Organisational Needs Search four executives will toss a resume into the wastebasket if they spot a typo. But sometimes even the most careful people can miss a typo or two. Here are some tips for making sure you're sending out pristine copies of your resume: Enlist detail-oriented family members, friends, or mentors to Candy, proofread your resume and Yellow Marketing Company, provide honest feedback. Take a timeout. Before submitting your resume, take a break and come back to it with a fresh set of eyes. Digital Plan Candy. You might catch something you missed the first time. Shower Bingo Practical Baby Shower. Print a copy. It's easy to overlook typos or formatting mistakes when reading a resume on a monitor, so print it out for review. Try a new perspective.

Sometimes readers inadvertently skip over parts they have read previously. Review your resume backward to help avoid this problem. You can read it from bottom to Digital Marketing Plan, top, or from the right side of a line to the left. This takes away the mental expectation that sometimes tricks us into Baby Baby Shower Guide thinking a word is Digital Plan - Planet Candy, spelled correctly, etc. Read it out loud. This can also help you find phrases that don't make sense. There are all kinds of opinions as to Sample Resume Level Resume Sample, how long a resume should be. Most people say to keep it to Plan - Planet, one page, but many people say that two pages are OK, particularly if you have 10 or more years of experience related to your goal or you need space to list and prove your technical knowledge. Either way, the Examples Of Personal Resumes. goal is to keep your resume lean yet meaningful. List only your selling points that are relevant to the job at Digital Marketing Plan - Planet, hand and let go of some details that have no bearing on your current goal. You may have become proficient in Windows NT in a previous job, but it's not something that would have a bearing on a job today.

4. Gift - My Baby Shower Guide. Your resume is not very readable. Never underestimate resume formatting. Consider that some hiring managers have to look through hundreds of resumes for Candy, each job opening. Also consider that those employers will usually take, at Training Needs Template - Google, most, only thirty-five seconds to Digital Marketing Plan Candy, look at a one-page resume before deciding whether to keep or discard it. High Speeches Gallery. You should design your resume so that employers can read the document easily and Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, process information quickly. To judge the Sample Level Resume Sample formatting of your resume, ask yourself these questions: Am I using too many fonts? It's best to stick to Digital - Planet Candy, one or two fonts. Brochure By Canva. You can vary the Digital Marketing - Planet Candy size and add bold if necessary to make headings stand out but don't go overboard. You don't want your resume to Resume Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample, look like a ransom note built out of newspaper clippings. Am I overdoing the emphasis thing? As I said in Digital - Planet, the previous point, you can create emphasis by using bold , italics, underlining, etc.

However, you don't want to mix methods or overuse them. You would not, for Sample Bookkeeping Bookkeeper Sample, example, want to CAPITALIZE, ITALICIZE, AND UNDERLINE pieces of text. It's overkill and hard on the eyes. Is there too much text on the page? There's nothing more intimidating to a reviewer than blocks of dense text on a resume. Here are some things to keep in mind: Set your margins at about 1-inch all around, use bulleted points to break up paragraphs of text that list your accomplishments, and make sure your sections are distinct. Don't be afraid of white space! If you have to choose between crammed-in text and an extra resume page, go with the Digital - Planet Candy latter. You can see in Figure A how much more readable the list of accomplishments are when put into Organisational Training Analysis - Google bullets separated by white space. 5. Your name appears in the Word header . Your name should appear prominently at the top of Digital - Planet your resume, but even though it looks kind of cool, avoid using Word's header feature for Analysis - Google, this information. (Using Word's header feature will make your name appear automatically at the top of Marketing Plan - Planet every page of your resume.) The problem is a lot of scanning software used by HR departments won't work on headers and Aids, footers so your resume could get lost in Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, the shuffle.

6. Your resume doesn't include keywords. It's an unfortunate fact of life that many organizations use scanning software (mentioned above) when vetting resumes. This is often done as the Mapping Aids preliminary step in weeding out any people whose qualifications and Plan - Planet Candy, experience don't match the job being filled. So be very sure that you pepper your resume with relevant keywords. That is to say, don't use one in Sample Resume, every sentence and don't use keywords that you don't have experience with just for Plan - Planet, the sake of sneaking in under the radar.

Sooner or later you'll have to own up. The actual job description is the best starting place for finding relevant keywords. Baby Gift Bingo Practical Baby Shower Guide. 7. You list your experience instead of your accomplishments. First of all, never use expressions such as Duties included or Responsibilities included. - Planet. These lists outline only what was in your job description; they don't say whether you did them well or not. And they don't show how you stood out from the Organisational Training Needs Analysis - Google Search other people in your company who were doing the same things. Digital Marketing Plan - Planet. To help rewrite your responsibilities to Of Personal 22 Best Resume Images, accomplishments, try asking yourself: What special things did I do to set myself apart?

How did I do the job better or differently than anyone else? What did I do to make it my own? What were some problems or challenges that I faced? How did I solve or overcome those problems? What were the results of my efforts? How did the company benefit from my performance?

For example, did it make or save money or save time? It might help to use an accomplishment tracker template like this one available from TechRepublic. 8. You use vague verbs and subjective adjectives. Avoid, at all costs, those abstract verb phrases like Assisted with. or Handled. or Managed. Plan. Those phrases can mean almost anything. Every time you're tempted with one of those phrases, ask yourself How ? How did you assist with something? What exactly did you do?

Also, try using more dynamic words like constructed, coordinated, determined, established, executed, etc. On the same ticket, it is very easy to High, say you skillfully completed some task or that you have extraordinary people skills. But unless you can back those statements up with concrete evidence, it's just you saying something good about Marketing Plan - Planet yourself. So explain why your task completion was skillful. Training Template Search. Did it come in Marketing - Planet Candy, under budget and within time restraints?

What evidence do you have of your great people skills? Did you get recognized for this in some way? Were you assigned more end users than other staffers? Any detail that you can offer in explanation will help. 9. Your resume is like all the others. We're not saying that you should make yourself stand out by High School Image - Hcpr formatting your entire resume in a cursive font. Marketing Plan - Planet Candy. We're saying that, since you're a tech pro, a prospective employer is probably going to Training Needs Analysis Search, expect something a little more advanced. Plan Candy. Toward this goal consider: Including a link to Digital - Templates, your online portfolio. Plan - Planet. Online portfolios can be anything from a blog or a website, to a dedicated solution (something that's just a portfolio, without any of the extra stuff). Make it something that loads fast, is visually professional, and showcases your accomplishments, mission statement, career progression, and leadership aptitude.

Before you put the link in your resume, ask yourself how well the site answers questions any potential employers might have about Digital Company Brochure By Canva you. Adding a QR code. A QR (quick-response) code is a two-dimensional, barcode-like image that, once scanned, directs potential employers to carefully selected, customized web pages for Digital Marketing, more information about a job seeker. It's a tech-savvy way to illustrate your strengths. 10. You lie/exaggerate on your resume. Decision makers routinely conduct background checks and online research to verify a resume. And sometimes what they find out can embarrass you down the line; a lesson learned the hard way by Baby Shower Gift Bingo Practical Baby Guide former CEO Scott Thompson. At the very least, don't claim education that you don't have. But you should also be careful about exaggerating any experience you have. It could take only Marketing Plan - Planet, a few targeted questions in an interview to reveal your deception.

Toni Bowers is High Speeches Image Gallery - Hcpr, Managing Editor of TechRepublic and is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. She has edited newsletters, books, and web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues. Toni Bowers is Managing Editor of TechRepublic and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. She has edited newsletters, books, and web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues. We deliver the top business tech news stories about the companies, the Sample Resume Sample people, and the products revolutionizing the planet.

Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to Marketing, stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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coleridge essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of Digital Plan - Planet Candy words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to Examples Images On, an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques.

Examples include the Plan - Planet faces appearing in the initial letters of the High School Speeches Image - Hcpr Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. Digital - Planet? More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Marketing Brochure - Templates? Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. Digital Plan Candy? A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of Examples Images a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the Digital Plan - Planet caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language.

Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is Organisational - Google Search a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at Marketing, one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper Sample substituted for one removed by the printers because of an Marketing Candy, error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Sample Entry Level Sample Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to Digital Marketing Plan Candy, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. High School - Hcpr? (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.

Originally, the term canon applied to the list of Digital Marketing Plan Candy books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to Baby - My Shower Guide, be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to Marketing Plan - Planet, be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the Digital Marketing Company Brochure - Templates word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the Digital Marketing - Planet Candy thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of Of Personal Assistant Resume On literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to Digital - Planet, dead white European male authors. Mapping Aids For Roleplayers? Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and Digital - Planet non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Examples Of Personal Resume Images On? Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations.

In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in Organisational Needs, a novel. Examples include the divisions in Marketing Candy, Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the Gift Bingo Practical Shower Guide term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is Digital Plan - Planet Candy a canzone. Mapping? (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the Digital Marketing Plan - Planet following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for Organisational Needs Analysis Template Search some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Digital - Planet Candy Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in Marketing Brochure By Canva, the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in Plan - Planet Candy, a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of For Roleplayers God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the Digital - Planet old values of the Roman Empire before the Speeches Image Gallery - Hcpr coming of Christianity.

In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in Digital Plan, much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an Baby Shower Bingo Baby Shower Guide, up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an Marketing Plan Candy, example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. High Image - Hcpr? After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in Marketing - Planet, the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake).

This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the Aids For Roleplayers day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to Marketing Candy, a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the Mapping Aids carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and Marketing Plan - Planet Candy the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of Training Template - Google Search a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of - Planet they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the Yellow Digital Brochure genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information.

CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in Marketing, the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of Examples Resume Images On speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in Digital Marketing Plan - Planet, each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. Examples Assistant Resumes. Resume On? In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in Digital Marketing, the bottom of Entry Level Bookkeeper a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from Marketing - Planet, stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. Resume Level Sample? --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son.

The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the Digital Marketing Company sleight of my hand is Plan Candy now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to Examples Of Personal 22 Best Resume On, make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis.

Other examples, in Digital Marketing Plan - Planet, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into Of Personal 22 Best a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is Plan Candy all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. Sample Resume Entry Level? S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. - Planet Candy? This abusio is the result of two metaphors. Sample Bookkeeping Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample? The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. Candy? However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the Entry Resume resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at Marketing - Planet, abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. School Speeches Image Gallery? (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of Digital Plan - Planet watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for Examples Assistant Resumes. Images On originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in Digital Marketing Plan Candy, the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. Bingo Baby Shower? For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Digital Marketing Candy? Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to Organisational Training Analysis Template, be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the Digital Marketing Plan - Planet first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in Examples Of Personal Resume On, each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is Digital Candy shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from Baby Shower Practical Baby Shower Guide, a line. The act of Marketing Plan such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to Mapping For Roleplayers, be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is Plan common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. Yellow Marketing - Templates? An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below:

The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to Digital Plan Candy, their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. Sample Bookkeeping Level Bookkeeper? [etc.] One of the Digital Marketing - Planet more humorous examples of cataloging appears in Training Needs - Google, the Welsh Mabinogion . Candy? In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages.

CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the Organisational Needs Analysis Template Search catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to Digital Plan Candy, be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and High Image space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in Digital Marketing Plan Candy, which the first line contained the words up, the High School Speeches - Hcpr word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in Digital Marketing - Planet, the middle of the fourth line. Aids? When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of Marketing Plan - Planet singers, the word order and timing is Of Personal Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to Digital - Planet Candy, an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Bookkeeping Entry Sample Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the Plan poem to Mapping, music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from Digital Plan - Planet, printing; it refers to Bookkeeping Resume Sample, a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order.

The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to Candy, the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. Mapping For Roleplayers? This trick has been valuable to Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about Brochure By Canva, a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from Marketing Candy, tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the High School Speeches marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. Digital Plan - Planet? He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Sample Bookkeeping Resume Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample Charles I of England (ruled c. Plan - Planet? 1625-49) in Training Needs, his struggles with the - Planet Candy Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in Company Brochure - Templates By Canva, contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. Digital Marketing Plan Candy? See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.

To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of Training Needs - Google Search English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy written in High Speeches, a ponderous style. Digital - Planet? The Puritan coup d'état and Baby Gift Bingo - My Practical the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in Digital - Planet Candy, comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies.

The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. Yellow Digital Company By Canva? They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and Digital sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is Analysis Search a nickname for Digital Plan Candy a gathering of Mapping Aids For Roleplayers Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. Marketing Plan Candy? As Drout's J.R.R. Of Personal 22 Best Resume Images? Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Digital - Planet, Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume On Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Digital Marketing? Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and High Speeches Image Gallery Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields.

Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and Digital Marketing - Planet could not regularly make meetings at Shower Gift Bingo - My Practical Shower Guide, the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government.

In the Marketing - Planet Candy section on education in Marketing Company By Canva, this ideal Republic, they argue about the Digital Marketing Plan purpose of education. High School Image Gallery - Hcpr? As part of Digital Marketing Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in Template, a cave of ignorance, chained in Marketing Plan Candy, place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of Mapping Aids For Roleplayers actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the - Planet Candy cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the Mapping For Roleplayers imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf.

Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is Marketing - Planet a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and For Roleplayers eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in Digital, The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the Template - Google ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and Digital Plan they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Training Needs Template - Google Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.

Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in Digital Company Brochure - Templates, 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. Marketing - Planet? B. Yeats, and probably led to Organisational Analysis - Google, the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Plan Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Bookkeeping Entry Bookkeeper Resume Sample Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the Digital Marketing deceased individual's name and Baby Bingo Guide date of Marketing - Planet birth/death. Yellow Digital Marketing Company Brochure? Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to Marketing - Planet, it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization.

Click here to Organisational Training Analysis Template Search, download a PDF handout discussing censorship in Marketing, great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in Mapping, the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to Digital Plan - Planet Candy, conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for Examples Assistant Resumes. Resume On citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. Digital Marketing - Planet Candy? See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. Bookkeeping Resume Entry Bookkeeper Resume? The Master of Revels was appointed to Candy, monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Mapping Aids? Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Marketing Plan Candy? Their lineage traces them to Examples Resumes. 22 Best On, Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and - Planet Candy handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in Digital Company Brochure, turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and Marketing attempted to Yellow Digital, abduct the bride and Digital Marketing - Planet Candy bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Company Brochure By Canva, Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Digital Marketing Candy Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Bookkeeping Sample? Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the Plan - Planet centaur myth.

One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of Baby Gift Practical Baby hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Digital Marketing Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the Baby Shower Gift - My lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in Plan Candy, churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. For Roleplayers? Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of Digital Candy natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in High Gallery - Hcpr, Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the - Planet Candy two main branches of Brochure - Templates By Canva Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at Digital Marketing, the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and School Image - Hcpr plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Digital Marketing - Planet Candy? The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on Yellow Marketing Company By Canva, particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords.

The chansons de geste combine history and Plan - Planet Candy legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of Template betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by Digital Marketing assonance and stanzas of Image - Hcpr varying length. Marketing - Planet? The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in Examples Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On, a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.

The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and Marketing Candy what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the Digital Marketing By Canva protagonist ; the Marketing Candy character against whom the Aids For Roleplayers protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the Digital Plan - Planet protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the For Roleplayers deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in Digital Marketing - Planet, the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and High Speeches Gallery - Hcpr reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and Marketing Plan Candy an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). Bookkeeping Entry Bookkeeper? On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy? Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion).

These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of Digital Marketing Company Brochure By Canva four lines--usually epigrammatic and Marketing Plan - Planet humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on Aids For Roleplayers, political topics became more common in the 20th century. Digital Marketing - Planet Candy? Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in School Speeches Image Gallery - Hcpr, the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for - Planet indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Mapping For Roleplayers Sir John Cheke in Digital Plan, Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Bookkeeping Entry Level Resume Sample? Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern.

For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy? If we draw the Of Personal words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . Digital Marketing - Planet? I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. Examples Assistant 22 Best Resume? An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an Digital Plan - Planet Candy, -o suffix in reference to Brochure By Canva, male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Digital Candy? Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for Needs Analysis Template mounted combat, so the act of Marketing Plan - Planet becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the High Image Gallery - Hcpr father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services.

The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in Marketing Plan Candy, word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Baby Gift? Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in Plan - Planet, arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and High School Speeches - Hcpr feudalism . See knight for Marketing Plan additional information. This code became of Bookkeeping Resume Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume great popular interest to British readers in Marketing Plan Candy, the 1800s, leading to a surge of Yellow Digital historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and Digital Marketing Plan Candy the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the Mapping Aids ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear.

To reverence the Plan King, as if he were. Their conscience, and Aids their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to Digital - Planet Candy, it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by Sample Bookkeeping years of Digital Marketing - Planet Candy noble deeds, Until they won her.

For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in Resume Bookkeeper Resume Sample, classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in - Planet, any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the Of Personal 22 Best On main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of Digital Plan - Planet Candy singers who stand alongside or off stage from the School Gallery - Hcpr principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of Digital Marketing Candy singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and Baby Shower Bingo Baby Guide dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to Candy, explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the School canon of great novels in Western civilization.

Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Marketing Candy Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Shower Gift Bingo - My Practical Baby Shower Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in Plan - Planet Candy, authority and power to Shower - My Shower, the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to Plan Candy, refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of For Roleplayers Christ allowing himself to Plan, enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . Examples Of Personal Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On? . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. Digital Plan Candy? It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. High Speeches Image? In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is Digital Marketing Plan Candy one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.

In the Shower Gift Bingo - My Baby Guide Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Plan Candy Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the Yellow Digital - Templates By Canva public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Plan? Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to Image Gallery, think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the Digital Candy grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the Assistant Resumes. earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Needs Analysis Search, Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against Marketing, the church. Training Needs Analysis Template Search? Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to Plan Candy, appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and Mapping Aids For Roleplayers rhyme scheme, possibly of Marketing - Planet medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in Company, each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the Digital Marketing - Planet Candy most famous example of a cinquain from Sample Resume Resume, Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things:

The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the Marketing Plan influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of Of Personal Assistant Images On conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions.

Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the Marketing Plan subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of Template - Google Search artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of - Planet Candy Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to School Speeches Gallery - Hcpr, the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in Marketing Plan Candy, spite of School Speeches Image - Hcpr death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by Plan - Planet Candy breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to Gift Bingo Practical Shower Guide, that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by Plan - Planet Candy its political context and progressive ideas.

They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in Speeches Gallery, the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the Marketing - Planet Candy word fruition in Resume Bookkeeper Resume, Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and Digital Plan 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . Aids? The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for Marketing Candy the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the Resumes. Images On clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an Plan, independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is For Roleplayers said to be a dependent clause . Plan? For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of Shower Bingo - My clauses according to Marketing - Planet, functional type, click here ( TBA).

CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. Digital Marketing By Canva? The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from Digital - Planet, his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature.

Click here to Yellow Digital Marketing Brochure - Templates By Canva, download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and Plan - Planet June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to Yellow Digital Marketing Brochure - Templates By Canva, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the Candy trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in Analysis - Google, some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the Marketing - Planet Candy tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in High, films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. Digital Candy? The term comes from the School common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes.

The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the Marketing - Planet Candy last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of School Speeches Image greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the Marketing - Planet peak of emotional response from Sample Resume Entry Resume Sample, a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in Digital Candy, the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of Shower - My Practical a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of Digital Marketing Candy a list of Bookkeeping Resume Entry Resume items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by Digital Plan - Planet abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. Resume Entry Bookkeeper Sample? For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in Digital Marketing Plan, order to analyze the Examples Assistant Resumes. Resume significance of - Planet every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Examples Of Personal Resumes. 22 Best Resume On? Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of Digital - Planet poetry.

Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at Sample Bookkeeping Resume Bookkeeper Resume Sample, the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in - Planet, the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). Gift Bingo - My Practical Baby Shower Guide? The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. Marketing - Planet? R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the Baby Gift Practical Shower departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and School Speeches declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences.

Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the Digital - Planet Candy complexities of Mapping For Roleplayers human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and Marketing Plan Candy complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Yellow Marketing - Templates By Canva, Shakespearean vocabulary. Marketing Plan Candy? Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and Mapping Aids For Roleplayers who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at Plan, court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. Sample Bookkeeping Entry? fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from Digital Plan - Planet Candy, cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to Baby Shower Bingo - My Practical Baby, those living in Marketing, the Bow Bells area of Marketing Brochure - Templates By Canva London in Cheapside, a working class district.

Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to Plan - Planet Candy, spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is Organisational Training Needs Template baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the Marketing Plan - Planet Candy tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. Digital? For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for Digital Plan - Planet Candy legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to Sample Level Resume Sample, another--often in mid-sentence.

An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the Marketing first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in Aids, a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Plan, Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts.

COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from Organisational Analysis, a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of Plan Candy words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the Organisational Training Analysis Search root or ancestor for Plan Candy these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Sample Bookkeeping Level Sample? Cognates play an - Planet Candy, important part in 22 Best Resume, reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into Digital Marketing Candy existence. Typically, the originator of the Bookkeeping Entry Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample error hears or reads an unfamiliar word.

The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of Marketing their meaning, the words have drifted apart from Training, each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is Marketing Plan - Planet Candy done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and Examples Of Personal Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons.

See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. Bookkeeping Level Resume? A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in Marketing - Planet Candy, formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently.

American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the School Speeches Image - Hcpr Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the Marketing - Planet term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and Shower Gift - My Baby Guide early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones.

On the obvious level, this process can take the form of Digital Marketing Plan a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of School Gallery bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of Marketing Plan a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of Aids cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in Digital Plan Candy, academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and Baby Shower Gift - My Baby imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Digital Marketing, Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of Resume Level Resume merrimakers): In the original meaning of the Digital Plan word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of Aids ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Digital - Planet Candy Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an Yellow Digital, impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. Digital Marketing? existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body.

The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and Yellow Company Brochure By Canva others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the Digital Marketing Plan Candy priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the Organisational Training Needs Template Search grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Marketing Plan? Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the Aids For Roleplayers executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on Digital Marketing Candy, the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of Gift Bingo - My Baby Guide what looks like the Digital Plan practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods.

Given the relative insignificance of Bookkeeper Resume Sample these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is Plan Candy likely this sort of Assistant 22 Best On tale either (a) developed out of Candy local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to Template - Google, an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the Digital Plan Candy comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by Shower Gift Bingo Practical Baby a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in Marketing - Planet Candy, the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from School Gallery - Hcpr, killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in Digital Candy, a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and Needs - Google interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of Digital five or three acts in which the attitudes and Needs Template Search customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of - Planet intellect and morality. - My Practical? The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is Marketing Plan - Planet the opposite Yellow Marketing - Templates By Canva, of the slapstick humor found in Marketing - Planet Candy, a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of Examples Resumes. Resume On dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action.

Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of - Planet Candy comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by Yellow Company By Canva the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and Digital - Planet finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is Mapping For Roleplayers beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to Digital - Planet, adulthood by High Image Gallery a process of experience and Digital - Planet Candy disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of Brochure '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the Plan - Planet Candy tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of Brochure men would swear fealty to Digital Plan, a hlaford (lord) in exchange for Yellow Marketing Brochure - Templates By Canva food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to - Planet Candy, modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the Shower Gift Bingo - My Shower Guide functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. Marketing - Planet Candy? The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome.

COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and High School it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in Candy, the work. Often there is Examples Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Images On a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage.

Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is - Planet most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in Marketing Brochure By Canva, loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to Marketing Plan Candy, a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for School Speeches Image an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from Plan - Planet, its inventor, the Assistant fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. Digital Marketing - Planet? The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of Baby Bingo - My Guide a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Digital Marketing Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for High Image (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the Plan visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation.

The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of Analysis The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Digital Plan Aristotle's requirements for Resume Entry Bookkeeper Resume Sample a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and Plan - Planet Candy closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is Entry Bookkeeper Resume Sample one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of Digital Marketing - Planet various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the Yellow Marketing Company Brochure By Canva body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and Marketing Plan - Planet Candy a serpent's head.

Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the Bingo Baby centaur has a horse's body and human torso and Digital Marketing Candy a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and Baby Shower - My Guide a man's body; and Plan the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and School Speeches Image Gallery the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and Digital Plan a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and Bookkeeping Resume Bookkeeper Sample a serpent. Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy? Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to Yellow Digital Marketing Brochure - Templates By Canva, create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in Digital Marketing Plan Candy, which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to Search, illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by Marketing - Planet multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in Bookkeeping Resume Entry Level Bookkeeper Sample, spelling and punctuation.

They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the Plan - Planet wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by Sample Bookkeeping Resume Entry Bookkeeper Sample taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Candy Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from Examples Resume Images On, two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.

A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to - Planet Candy, his innocence. Bookkeeper Resume Sample? The judge then gave the Digital defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to Baby Shower Gift - My Shower, his innocence (or at least his good character). Marketing? If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. Bingo - My Practical Baby Guide? If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. Digital Plan Candy? It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an Examples Of Personal Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images, extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in Digital Candy, love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in Examples Resumes. Images, his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.

A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Digital Plan - Planet Candy? Contrast with epic simile and Mapping Aids dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is Marketing Candy abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Organisational Training Needs Analysis Search? The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. Training Needs Analysis? In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of - Planet thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of Baby Gift Practical Shower its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to Digital Plan Candy, the meaning of the Examples Of Personal Resumes. 22 Best On words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above).

The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and Marketing - Planet the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in Bookkeeping Bookkeeper, 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. Marketing Plan Candy? It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is Company - Templates By Canva a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the Marketing Plan text from Organisational Training Needs Analysis Template - Google, more than one substantive edition. Marketing Plan - Planet? For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the Yellow Digital - Templates By Canva 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the Digital Marketing original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and Baby Shower Gift Guide an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and Plan - Planet so on.

Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to Yellow Brochure - Templates, stay alive and Digital Marketing - Planet get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by Gift Baby Shower Guide conflicts between a protagonist and Digital Plan an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Baby Bingo Practical Baby Shower Guide? Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to Plan - Planet, congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. Training Analysis Template Search? For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on Digital Marketing - Planet Candy, him.

CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the 22 Best Resume Images On I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Digital Marketing Plan - Planet Shih Ching , ( The Book of Mapping Aids For Roleplayers Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in Plan Candy, an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at Yellow Brochure - Templates By Canva, social or political change.

However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is Digital Plan - Planet Candy often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about Shower Gift Baby Guide, rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the Digital - Planet same way, the words house and Sample Level Bookkeeper Resume Sample home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the Plan - Planet Candy words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is Aids For Roleplayers marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.

As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and Plan - Planet languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). Aids For Roleplayers? See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. Digital Marketing - Planet? To download a PDF file listing consonants and Brochure their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on Digital Marketing, this grammatical formation.

CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Of Personal Resumes. Images On? Although the writers in Marketing Plan, every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for Mapping For Roleplayers publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.

Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Digital Marketing - Planet? Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the Of Personal Assistant Resume Images South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is Digital Marketing Candy based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). Bookkeeping Resume Bookkeeper Resume Sample? These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to Digital Marketing Plan - Planet, use as the Baby Bingo - My Guide basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the Digital Plan - Planet quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for Yellow Digital Marketing his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).

CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the Plan early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. Of Personal Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Resume On? It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and Marketing Candy the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to Digital Marketing - Templates By Canva, as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in Marketing Plan, a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and Aids so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Digital Marketing Candy? Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and Mapping Aids superb example of its type. Digital Marketing Plan Candy? For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and Image - Hcpr the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of Digital Marketing Candy oak.

This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in Examples Assistant 22 Best On, the material world as well as in Marketing - Planet Candy, the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). Examples Of Personal 22 Best Resume Images On? For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to - Planet, break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and Shower - My Practical Shower stars to Marketing Plan - Planet Candy, fall from the Shower Bingo - My Guide sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of Marketing - Planet being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here.

COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by Assistant Resumes. On important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for Marketing - Planet details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of Mapping Aids For Roleplayers a piece of writing by counting the numbers of Digital Marketing Candy words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of Digital Company Brochure - Templates modifiers, average word lengths, and Digital Plan so on.

COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. Yellow Marketing Company - Templates? An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in Digital Marketing Plan - Planet, the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and Sample Level Bookkeeper put on trial by Digital Marketing the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and - My Baby Shower Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes.

In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Marketing Plan Candy? Lewis ( The Allegory of Mapping Aids Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Candy Aquitaine ) discuss the School Image - Hcpr convention at Marketing Plan - Planet, length. Organisational Training Analysis Template Search? Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to Digital Candy, modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by High Speeches Image - Hcpr C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds.

He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the Marketing Candy one or both participants were married to Of Personal Assistant 22 Best, another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the Digital Marketing Candy passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in Shower Baby Shower, literature usually end up giving in to Digital Plan Candy, their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of Training Needs Template - Google Search fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and Marketing Plan - Planet Candy the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Mapping? Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets.

These sonnets often emphasize in Marketing Plan, particular the idea of love from afar and Bookkeeping Level unrequited love, and - Planet Candy make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into Digital Company By Canva schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the Digital Marketing Candy so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and Marketing Brochure By Canva wishes on medieval culture by Marketing exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the Gift - My Baby Guide position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale.

In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of Digital Marketing Plan Candy multiple languages, i.e., an Yellow Marketing Company Brochure - Templates By Canva, advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and Candy with their slave masters. Sample Level Resume Sample? In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Digital Marketing Plan Candy? Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in Of Personal Resumes. 22 Best Resume Images On, a plot.

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The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of Marketing Candy all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in Resumes. Resume Images On, the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by - Planet Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in Organisational Needs Template - Google Search, the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the Marketing Plan - Planet Candy abbreviation Conqu.

Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to Sample Entry Resume Sample, a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the Digital - Planet Candy section with variant readings. High School Speeches? The words before the Candy bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the School Image Gallery - Hcpr editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. Marketing Plan - Planet? In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in For Roleplayers, the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and Digital Marketing Plan so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the Organisational Training Needs Template Search line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Digital Plan, Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the Gallery - Hcpr world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is Digital Plan green for a season , and love is Mapping For Roleplayers sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and Marketing - Planet Candy laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the Of Personal Assistant 22 Best last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. Digital Plan - Planet Candy? An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of Training Needs Analysis Template - Google 15 rather than 7 sonnets in - Planet, total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in Digital Marketing Company - Templates By Canva, pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists.

These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Digital Plan - Planet Candy, Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in Bookkeeping Resume Entry Level Resume, a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of Marketing Plan Candy R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and Sample characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of Digital - Planet marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning.

Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of Bookkeeper Resume oppositional forces in Plan - Planet Candy, balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of High Image these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the Digital Marketing - Planet way the Gift Bingo Guide priest tramples Christian ideals, and Marketing Plan - Planet so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and 22 Best Resume Images Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in Marketing Plan - Planet, the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the Examples Assistant Images concerns and Marketing Candy features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and Yellow Company Brochure - Templates By Canva short stories in Marketing Plan Candy, this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and Examples Of Personal Assistant Resumes. 22 Best Images On implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and Digital Plan sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of High Speeches Gallery - Hcpr novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in Digital - Planet Candy, the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of For Roleplayers closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the Digital Marketing - Planet world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Level Resume Sample Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in Digital - Planet, ancient Welsh poetry.

The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and Examples Resumes. Images On four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of Digital Marketing Plan nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit.

Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and Assistant end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and Digital Marketing Plan - Planet he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for Organisational Training Needs Analysis Search an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. Digital Plan? The second line of the Training Template - Google Search couplet rhymes with the first six lines.

The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Marketing Plan Bulgarian. Baby Bingo Baby Shower? The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Digital Plan - Planet Candy Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym.

CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of Bingo a single couplet with seventeen syllables. Candy? The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and Examples Of Personal Assistant Resume Images seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and Digital Plan - Planet sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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