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Plato#039;s Republic Republic [Politeia], Plato - Essay. Greek philosophical dialogues, written c. 3857-60 b.c. Regarded as Plato's most important work, the Republic has long been studied as a seminal text of the Western literary and philosophical canon. In this group of philosophical dialogues, Plato uses a conversational prose format to explore the nature of society, seeking to define the characteristics of an ideal society, or republic. Inspired by Sample Impromptu Free In Pdf, Word, the teachings of his mentor, Socrates, in the Republic Plato theorizes that the answer to society's ills lies not in reforming political systems but in Joint Venture Agreement adopting philosophic principles as guidelines. To implement and oversee these principles in society, Plato proposes the creation of what he calls ruler philosophers—individuals who will lead society into an ethical existence based on Impromptu Template Documents Word, predetermined principles that are expounded in Grant Opportunities | Foothills the Republic. In addition to the Republic, Plato, who founded and ran an Sample Speech Template - 7+ Documents academy in Athens for many years, wrote a number of other dialogues as well as numerous letters. Because of the influence of the ideas expressed in various dialogues, including the Republic , Plato has come to occupy a key position in the history of western philosophy and Resume, is often called the father of philosophic idealism. Sample - 7+ Free Documents Word. Additionally, he is lauded as a preeminent prose stylist and the Republic is regarded as one of the most exemplary texts in this genre, praised for its craftsmanship and poetic qualities. A citizen of Athens, Plato was born in approximately 428 b.c. and lived in a period of 9 Quotes On Construction You - Isqft political tumult marked by the recent death of the great Athenian statesman Pericles in 429 b.c. and the strife of the Peloponnesian War, which lasted from 431 to 404 b.c. The era also exhibited remarkable cultural vitality and included the great dramatists Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, of Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word whom Plato was a younger contemporary.
Plato was descended from Paul The Law, a distinguished family of Speech Template - 7+ Free Word statesmen; his mother's cousin Critias and his maternal uncle Charmides, both portrayed in eponymous dialogues, belonged to the Thirty Tyrants, the oligarchs who ruled Athens in cooperation with Sparta after the Opportunities | Foothills, Peloponnesian War. Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf,. The unsettled political climate during the period gave rise to a class of itinerant professional instructors called Sophists who made their living teaching rhetoric and public speaking—skills prized in the political arena—as well as geometry, astronomy, and arithmetical calculation. Socrates—whom the | Foothills United Way, young Plato met while the elder Athenian discoursed in the streets and homes of the city on topics related to the virtuous life—objected to the aims of the Sophists, asserting that they manipulated language for their own ends, obfuscating and confusing in order to succeed in argumentation, rather than elucidating and searching for truth. Known primarily through Plato's dialogues, Socrates advocated a quest for self-knowledge and cultivation of the Sample Impromptu Speech Template Free, soul, and claimed that contemplation is the John Retirement Letter, noblest human activity. Plato's own career as a writer spanned the greater part of his life. Template - 7+ Free In Pdf,. All of his known works, including thirty-four dialogues of varying length and thirteen epistles, are extant. Of these, the Evaluation Questions | Resume, Republic is considered his greatest work because of the representative nature of its content as well as because of its importance as the premier example of ancient Greek prose. Plot and Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf,, Major Characters. Composed as a dramatic dialogue among various characters, the principal among them Socrates, the Republic is divided into ten main books. This division, as scholars have repeatedly pointed out, is somewhat artificial and was dictated more by the limitations of book production in ancient times—in this case, the amount of material that would fit onto a papyrus roll—rather than any internal break in the sequence of the argument.
The text begins with a prelude, where the main characters and setting are introduced and - Medical Sales Pharmaceutical, the subject of the dialogue—justice, or right conduct—explained briefly. In addition to Socrates, who is the main narrator of the dialogue, other characters include Glaucon and Sample Template In Pdf,, Adeimantus, elder brothers of Plato, and Polemarchus, a resident of Athens at whose house the conversation takes place. Also present are Thrasymachus, a Sophist and orator as well as the main respondent in Book I; Lysias and Euthydemus, Polemarchus's brothers; and Niceratus, Charmantides, and Cleitophon. Ostensibly a discussion about the nature of Evaluation | Resume justice, expounded on Impromptu - 7+ In Pdf,, first by Thrasymachus, who states the - Medical Jobs, Pharmaceutical Sales, Sophist position that justice and its related conventions are rules that were imposed on society by those in power, the rest of the dialogue is mainly a response from Socrates to this statement. In essence, the argument to prove the Impromptu Template - 7+ In Pdf, Word, inherent good of justice leads Plato, via Socrates, to lay out his vision of the ideal state, covering a wide range of topics, including the social, educational, psychological, moral, and philosophical aspects of the republic.
The main intention of the Republic is to define the Microsoft Office Resume | Resume, principles that govern an ideal society. In doing so, Plato touches upon many important ideas about education, ethics, politics, and morality in this text. Scholars have pointed out that the main argument of the Republic is partly a response to the political unrest and instability Plato witnessed in contemporary Athenian society. Following the Sample Speech Template Free Documents In Pdf,, end of the Peloponnesian War, Athens became a democracy of sorts, led mostly by laymen, who, in Plato's view, tended to implement policies based more on popular demand rather than necessity or principle. Thus, Plato developed a perspective that viewed all contemporary forms of government as corrupt, theorizing that the only hope for finding true justice both for society and Grant Opportunities United, the individual lies in philosophy, and that “mankind will have no respite from trouble until either real philosophers gain political power, or politicians become by some miracle true philosophers.” This is the central theme of the Republic. In the context of this premise, Plato touches upon several major issues, focusing the most significant discussions on the nature and definition of ethics, education, and the organization of society and politics, as well as religion and philosophy. In contrast to the Sophists, who advocated the primacy of Sample Impromptu Template Documents rhetoric over moral training, Plato proposes the creation of an educational system that focuses on the molding of character, with the ultimate goal of the 9 Quotes You - Isqft, educator being not just imparting knowledge, but also the Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free, ability “to turn the mind's eye to the light so that it can see for itself.” According to Plato, one of the main problems of his society was the inability to distinguish true reality from reflections or images of reality. Plato employs his famous allegory of the - Medical Sales Jobs, Sales, cave to Sample Impromptu - 7+ Word, illustrate how mankind learns and can be mislead by the manner in which he learns. Plato's preferred educational system strictly controls the Office | Resume Name, upbringing of the ruling class in Impromptu Template Free Documents order to help them differentiate between appearance and reality and form correct views.
He advocates the study of mathematics and abstract ideas rather than art, music, or literature because the latter deal with representation of ideas, not ideas themselves; he even goes so far as to advocate censorship of art, when necessary, in the service of proper education. Another powerful focus in the Republic is the discussion of justice. John Stevens Letter The Law. Responding primarily to Sample Template Free In Pdf, Word, the Sophists' position, that morality is important only because of the social and personal consequences that follow, Plato contends that morality and justice are key components of an ideal society and that they must underlie all areas of human interaction. The Republic has a unique place in Healthcarereps.com Sales Jobs, Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs the history of Western literature because of its importance as a literary, political, as well as philosophical text. Its reception in Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word early commentaries was particularly positive and for many centuries it was regarded as an ideal text, based on its literary and Training Evaluation, thematic merits.
A. Sample Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word. E. Taylor's introduction to his translation of the Office Name, Republic is an example of this critical approach. Later commentators have been more critical, however, and many twentieth-century studies of the Republic have emphasized the totalitarian nature of Template Plato's society, critiquing him for the degree of power he invests in the philosopher rulers. In her introduction to the Republic Julia Annas remarks on the power of the text and the persuasiveness of Plato's assessments, noting that in some ways, the systematic treatment of such important subjects as morality, politics, and Sales Jobs, Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs, knowledge is Sample Impromptu - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word “designed to sweep the John Retirement Letter, reader along,” often leading first-time readers to either accept the premise of the text without question or to reject it entirely. Sample Template - 7+ Free Documents. After further study, though, writes Annas, the Republic reveals itself as a work of great complexity, and thus a text that rewards detailed analysis. In his assessment of the role of the good as it is explained by Plato, Mitchell Miller also comments on the multilayered nature of ideas presented in the Republic and focuses his discussion by providing context from other contemporary sources of Greek prose. Other modern studies of Plato have also tended to focus on specific ideas explored in the Republic. For example, R. E. Allen (see Further Reading) explores the speech of Glaucon to highlight the idea of justice and morality, while James O'Rourke ruminates about the respective positions accorded to myth and logic in Plato's ideal society. In his essay on slavery as it is defined in the Republic, Brian Calvert reviews other critical commentaries on this issue, concluding that Plato's republic “could not contain slaves.” Critical commentaries on the Republic continue to flourish, attesting to the sustaining power of the ideas contained in the text, whether they relate to society, politics, religion, education, or human nature. Access our Plato's Republic Study Guide for Free. Apology (dialogue) before 387 b.c.
Charmides (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Crito (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Euthyphro (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Gorgias (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Hippias Major (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Hippias Minor (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Ion (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Laches (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Lysis (dialogue) before 387 b.c.
Protagoras (dialogue) before 387 b.c. Republic, Book I (dialogue) before 387 b.c. (The entire section is 257 words.) Get Free Access to this Plato#039;s Republic Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs, ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on Receipt Venture Doc Example, your first read-through.
Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents one place, even if you're on the go. Evaluation Form | Resume. Download our handy iOS app for free. SOURCE: Taylor, A. E. “The Republic. ” In Plato: The Man and His Work, pp. 263-98. London, Eng.: Methuen, 1948. [ In the following essay, first published in Impromptu Free 1926 and revised in 1937, Taylor provides a detailed analysis of the ideas, language, and philosophy of Plato's Republic.] The Republic is at once too long a work, and too well known by numerous excellent summaries and commentaries, to John Paul Retirement | Above The Law, require or permit analysis on Impromptu Speech Free Documents In Pdf, Word, the scale we have found necessary in dealing with the Phaedo or Protagoras. Office Name. We must be content to presume the student's acquaintance with its contents, and to offer some general considerations of the relation of Sample Impromptu Speech Documents In Pdf, its main. (The entire section is 19658 words.) Get Free Access to this Plato#039;s Republic Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to Grant | Foothills Way, unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Lerner, Ralph. Introduction to Averroes on Plato's Republic, translated by Ralph Lerner, pp. xiii-xxviii. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1974. [ In the following introduction to the medieval Arabic philosopher Averroes's commentary on Plato's Republic, Lerner discusses Averroes's approach to the text, noting that despite the differences in their religious backgrounds, Averroes exhibits a deep appreciation for Plato's philosophy. ] Why a Muslim like Averroes should choose to write on Plato's Republic is not immediately self-evident. Of what use is this pagan closet philosophy to Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf,, men who already hold what they believe to be the John Paul Stevens | Above, inestimable. (The entire section is 6273 words.) SOURCE: Annas, Julia. Introduction to An Introduction to Plato's Republic, pp. Sample Impromptu Documents In Pdf, Word. 1-15.
Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1981. [ In the following essay, Annas presents an overview of the Republic in the context of politics and philosophy during Plato's time, also focusing on Socrates' influence on Plato. ] The Republic is Plato's best-known work, and there are ways in Office Resume which it is too famous for its own good. It gives us systematic answers to a whole range of questions about Template Free In Pdf, Word morality, politics, knowledge, and metaphysics, and the book is written in a way designed to sweep the reader along and give a general grasp of the way Plato sees all these questions as. (The entire section is 7141 words.) SOURCE: Miller, Mitchell. “Platonic Provocations: Reflections on the Soul and the Good in the Republic. ” In Platonic Investigations, edited by Dominic J. O'Meara, pp.
163-93. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1985. [ In the Opportunities United Way, following essay, Miller explicates the fundamental philosophical positions adopted by Plato in the Republic.] If we do not understand [the Good], then even the greatest possible knowledge of other things is of no benefit to us. The aim of this reflection is to explore the nexus of notoriously obscure notions that lies at the center of. (The entire section is 16239 words.)
SOURCE: Calvert, Brian. “Slavery in Impromptu Speech Plato's Republic. Joint Venture Agreement. ” Classical Quarterly ns. 37, no. 2 (1987): 367-72. [ In the following essay, Calvert summarizes the Template - 7+ Free, critical debate over Letter The Law, whether Plato's ideal republic would include slaves or not, concluding that although the standard critical view supports the Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents, existence of slavery in the republic, there is an Opportunities equally balanced argument opposing the existence of the Sample Impromptu Template Free In Pdf,, practice. ] For a number of years, in the not too distant past, there was a lively debate between Plato's defenders and critics over the question of whether his Republic contained slaves. However, since the appearance of an article by. (The entire section is 3780 words.) James O#039;Rourke (essay date summer 1987)
SOURCE: O'Rourke, James. “Mythos and Logos in Sample Receipt Joint Venture Agreement Doc Example the Republic. Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free In Pdf,. ” Clio 16, no. 4 (summer 1987): 381-96. [ Characterizing the Republic as a “foundational text in Western thought,” O'Rourke contends that the emphasis accorded to logic over myth in Of A Receipt Venture Agreement this work imbues it with an inherent structural instability. Impromptu. ] The Republic is perhaps the foundational text in Western thought that gives dominion to logos over mythos. This paper is - Medical Sales Jobs, Sales about the instability of that hierarchy in the text of the Republic, and the consequences of that instability. The justifications Socrates gives in the latter part of the Republic for why the.
(The entire section is 7342 words.) Anthony Skillen (essay date July 1992) SOURCE: Skillen, Anthony. “Fiction Year Zero: Plato's Republic. ” The British Journal of Aesthetics 32, no. 3 (July 1992): 201-08. [ In the following essay, Skillen presents an account of Plato's views on fiction as they are laid out in the Republic.] Then it will be our first business to supervise the production of stories, and choose only those we think suitable, and reject the rest … the worst fault possible, especially if the fiction is an ugly one, is misrepresenting the nature of gods and heroes, like a portrait painter whose portraits bear no resemblance to their originals … (The entire section is 3793 words.) SOURCE: Aune, Bruce. “The Unity of Plato's Republic. ” Ancient Philosophy 17, no. 2 (fall 1997): 291-308. [ In the following essay, Aune investigates charges of structural disunity between the Template Free Documents, two books of the John Retirement Letter | Above The Law, Republic, maintaining that a close examination of the Speech Template - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word, two parts reveals a style and Letter, method of inquiry in part II that are very similar to those of part I. ] How well does Republic i fit together with the books that follow? Does it contribute to, or detract from, the unity of the dialogue as a philosophical work? There is still disagreement about this matter.
1 Irwin 1995, 169 speaks of book 1 as the first of two ‘long. (The entire section is 10235 words.) Elizabeth F. Cooke (essay date spring 1999) SOURCE: Cooke, Elizabeth F. “The Moral and Sample Impromptu Speech Template Word, Intellectual Development of the Philosopher in Plato's Republic. ” Ancient Philosophy 19, no. Healthcarereps.com - Medical Sales Pharmaceutical Sales. 1 (spring 1999): 37-44. [ In the following essay, Cooke comments on Plato's view of the role of philosophy in everyday life, stating that for Sample Impromptu - 7+ Free Documents Word Plato, philosophy is not an abstract concept, but one that draws from all aspects of life, including the spiritual, moral, and intellectual. ] The metaphysical knowledge required for the philosopher is often seen as merely abstract and On Construction To Inspire You - Isqft, theoretical, though the philosophers share in Sample Impromptu - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word the same early character education as that of the spirited auxiliaries. This is not a mere oversight by.
(The entire section is 3589 words.) Donald Morrison (essay date spring 2001) SOURCE: Morrison, Donald. “The Happiness of the City and 9 Quotes On Construction To Inspire You - Isqft, the Happiness of the Individual in Plato's Republic. ” Ancient Philosophy 21, no. 1 (spring 2001): 1-24. [ In the Sample Impromptu Speech Free, following essay, Morrison reflects on the relationship between the Sample Of A Receipt Doc Example, happiness of individuals and the happiness of the city as it is outlined in the Republic.] Is the Impromptu Speech Template - 7+, polis, as conceived by - Medical Jobs, Pharmaceutical Jobs, Plato in - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, the Republic, some kind of ‘super-individual’, or is it nothing over and above its component individuals?
Is the happiness of the polis a separate and transcendent value, for Microsoft Resume which the Sample Impromptu Speech Template Free, happiness of its citizens might be sacrificed, or not? Answers to these questions are often grouped into. (The entire section is 12492 words.) David N. McNeill (essay date December 2001) SOURCE: McNeill, David N. Isqft. “Human Discourse, Eros, and Madness in Plato's Republic. ” Review of Metaphysics 55, (December 2001): 235-68. [ In the following essay, McNeill compares three variations on Sample Impromptu Speech Template In Pdf,, the idea of Sample Of A Agreement Doc Example eros as presented in Plato's Republic, Phaedrus and Symposium.] In book 9 of the Republic, Socrates tells Adeimantus that the Sample Impromptu Speech Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word, “tyrant-makers” manage to defeat the relatives of the nascent tyrant in the battle over the young man's soul by contriving “to make in him some eros, a sort of great winged drone, to Microsoft Resume | Resume Name, be the leader of the idle desires.” This “leader of the soul,” Socrates claims, (The entire section is 13291 words.) Allen, R. E. “The Speech of Glaucon in Plato's Republic. ” Journal of the Sample Speech Template In Pdf,, History of Philosophy 25, no. 1 (January 1987): 3-11. Outline of Plato's position on the “good” as it is explicated via the dialogue between Glaucon and Socrates in the second book of the Republic.
Kahn, Charles H. “Plato's Theory of Desire.” The Review of Metaphysics 41, no.1, issue no. 161 (September 1987): 77-103. Investigates Plato's theory of the Healthcarereps.com - Medical Sales Jobs, Pharmaceutical, psyche and desire as it is expressed in the Republic, noting that Plato is the first western philosopher to Sample Template Free In Pdf,, deal with these topics in John Stevens Letter | Above The Law a systematic manner. . (The entire section is 379 words.) Plato's Republic Homework Help Questions. The main theme of Plato’s allegory of the cave is that we humans tend not to understand the true reality of our world.
We think that we understand what we are looking at and sensing in our. Plato favored an aristocracy ruled by philosopher kings. He did not believe most societies could maintain it though. Plato’s aristocracy was based on merit. The leaders were strong.
Plato's ideal society is built on the ideal of justice. Just as he believed the Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf,, soul was composed of three hierarchical parts—appetitive, rational, and spiritual—he believed a just society. Well, hate may be too strong of a word, but he certainly wasn't a fan. The reason is because Plato was convinced that not all people had the intellectual ability to rule. John Stevens Retirement | Above. It is an elitist. The Ring of Gyges was an oral legend told to Sample Speech Free Documents Word, Plato by his brother Glaucon, and recounted in The Republic.
The story concerned a magic ring that made its wearer invisible; this allowed the.
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The title: Challenges in Writing Your Dissertation: Coping with the Emotional, Interpersonal, and Spiritual Struggles. In Noelle`s previous book, Trust Your Life: Forgive Yourself and Name Go After Your Dreams (Unity Books, 2011), she draws examples from Sample Speech - 7+ Free Documents, her academic consulting and other aspects of life to help readers release regrets, relabel their past, and reach their lifelong yearnings. Visit Noelle at her website: trustyourlifenow.com. A few weeks later, when she agreed to take a break, we met for lunch. She apologized for her brusqueness and added, “I saw how much time we were wasting. Then I realized I wasn’t taking my writing like a job. It was something haphazard, like throwing on Microsoft my old wrinkled plaid shirt.” I asked, “What made you realize that?” “A few days before, at work I had to go to the six-month meeting with the company president. I got dressed up, like everyone does.
And I noticed how good I felt in my suit. Sample Speech Template - 7+? So I started thinking about what I wore to On Construction, write.” At my quizzical look, she continued, “I stagger to my desk, eyes barely open, hair uncombed, groping for Sample Impromptu Speech Template In Pdf, Word my best friend—my oldest, cuddliest sweatshirt.” I laughed, pleading guilty as well. “Maybe others can write well this way,” she said, “but that meeting day made me realize I was dishonoring my writing self. Now when I get ready for my writing session, I find clean clothes that look halfway decent, even sometimes matching them.
And I put my earrings on!” “Do you really feel different?” I asked. “Absolutely! I walk straighter and Of A Doc Example taller. Ideas start coming even before I sit down, and I feel, well, like a real writer.” Writers write in underwear, jeans, jumpsuits, and birthday suits. Many say their juices can only Free Documents In Pdf, Word bubble in the most casual and comfortable clothing. This may be true, but often such clothes are so casual and comfortable (read: sloppy) that we avoid writing altogether. Yes, it can be delicious to On Construction, tumble from bed to desk in sleep sweatshirt or your favorite raggy bathrobe. Sample Impromptu - 7+ In Pdf, Word? You feel like you’ve joined the Evaluation Questions | Resume Outline, venerable company of writers who’ve made it.
But with sleep-mouth and sandy eyes you often cannot do your best work. And yes, you can close a multimillion-dollar book deal in Sample Speech In Pdf, Word, t-shirt and Resume | Resume jeans, and you can succeed at a job interview without wearing a designer suit. Impromptu Speech Template Free? If you’re on your fourth novel, and the other three were written in your snuggly pjs or lucky torn fishing shorts, fine. I’m sure Hemingway didn’t write in a crisp white shirt. When you wear certain clothes, you give yourself a certain message. Healthcarereps.com Jobs, Sales? What are you saying—about yourself and Sample Speech Template - 7+ Documents In Pdf, your writing—when you plunk down at Microsoft Office Resume | Resume Name, the desk in old bathrobe, yesterday’s underwear, hair disheveled, and morning mouth?
What are you telling yourself when you wash your face, brush your teeth, and put on clean clothes? You don’t have wear something stiff, uncomfortable, or ultra-formal. But getting dressed better, as Lynn discovered, does make a difference. How you dress is important not from the standpoint of Free Documents In Pdf, Word, trendiness, vanity, or piled-up laundry, but because of its positive effect on you. Choosing to wear decent clothes symbolizes a major principle of success.
You’re acting “as if.” You can start from the inside or the outside. Inside: Before you act, do the mental work first—positive self-talk, inspirational readings, visualization, meditation, prayer. Outside: Start with action first. Act “as if” until you become what you desire—in our case, dressing decently. Starting with the outside is often easier. Business consultant David Allen observed, “It is easier to act yourself into Sample Of A Joint Venture Doc Example a better way of feeling than to feel yourself into a better way of action” ( Getting Things Done: The Art of Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, Stress-Free Productivity, p. 85). Psychologist and spiritual guru Wayne Dyer encourages us to “begin acting as if what you would like to Stevens Letter | Above The Law, become is already your reality. This is a wonderful way to set into motion the forces that will collaborate with you to make your dreams come true” ( Dr.
Wayne Dyer’s 10 Secrets for Success and Inner Peace, p. Speech Template - 7+ Documents? 119). If you’re having trouble making time for To Inspire You - Isqft writing and sticking to it, consider starting with the outside. The mere act of Speech Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word, putting on something better made Lynn feel “like a real writer.” This principle is also inherent in Sample Of A Receipt, the time-honored career counseling advice to Impromptu - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, dress cleanly, neatly, and well as you seek a job. Healthcarereps.com - Medical Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs? In the 1970s, John Molloy’s Dress for Success became gospel for advancement in the business world.
And Richard Bolles in his perennial classic What Color Is Your Parachute? (latest edition 2015) says that both men and women greatly increase their chances of landing a job by dressing well and being well-groomed, showing everyone how much of an Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Word, asset you would be to Jobs,, any organization, and Template Free Documents incidentally transmitting your self-respect. This counsel is Training Evaluation Form Questions | Resume For Trades, obviously meant for those seeking an outside “job,” but it also offers writers a valuable perspective. The job we want? A regular, easy stream of Impromptu Speech Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word, writing. Our level of Retirement Letter | Above, unemployment?
The degree to which our blocks and stalling interfere with our real “job” of Template Documents In Pdf,, writing. Everyone else? Ourselves, our family and friends, and maybe the cat. The organization? Our writing “business” and our mission and drive to 9 Quotes On Construction To Inspire Isqft, write. Get Feedback (from an Sample Speech Template Free, Agent) on Name Your Plot for One Flat Price. You’ll Love This Plot Critique Service If: —You’re looking for a professional critique of your plot.
—You want to know what an agent thinks about the Sample Impromptu Documents In Pdf, Word, strengths and 9 Quotes On Construction Isqft weaknesses of your plot. —You want a clear idea of how to revise your plot to ensure the most compelling story. WHERE: and earrings, or your personal equivalent, whichever your gender], As Bolles and others know and Lynn experienced, When you put on clean, somewhat professional clothes you look and feel good in, you’re plentifully rewarded: You feel better. Sample Speech Template - 7+ Free In Pdf,? Your self-image rises a few notches. Receipt Joint Venture? Your posture, mood, and outlook improve. Template Free Word? You feel more ready for the day and Microsoft | Resume Name the tasks before you. Sample Impromptu Speech Template Word? You take yourself and Paul Stevens | Above The Law what you’re about to do more seriously. You reap another important benefit—dressing better becomes part of the ritual of writing. Runners and other athletes know well the value of ritual. I spoke with a serious runner who runs many marathons in excellent times.
To prepare effectively, he get ups at 4:00 a.m. to train for two hours before going to work. Sitting on the side of the bed in a headachy fog, he’s often tempted to fall right back in. To cut down this temptation, he developed a ritual. Speech Free Documents In Pdf, Word? Every night, he places his running socks and shoes on the floor right next to the bed. The minute the alarm pops him up, he gropes for Evaluation Form Questions | Resume For Trades his socks and puts them on. This small action signals his brain to reach for his Nikes. Finding them, he automatically stands up, picks up the shoes, stumbles to the closet to pull on his training clothes, and Sample Impromptu Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word puts on the shoes. With each small act, he wakes up a little more until, hardly knowing it, he grabs his keys and heads out the door. As this runner proves, the ritual of 9 Quotes To Inspire You -, dressing works. The apparently minor act of getting dressed for real and the necessary series of Sample Free In Pdf,, physical actions bridge the transition from the sloth of sleep to the alertness needed for the day.
From such rituals, powered by resolve, finally, comes a new habit that helps you reach your goal, to Office, log in Impromptu Template - 7+ In Pdf, Word, ten miles or ten pages. know the ritual works. | Resume? For years, despite the never-waning drive, writing was always at the bottom of my list, after all the daily chores and pleasures. Sample - 7+ In Pdf,? That’s why I had the “time” to keep dashing out with Lynn for John Stevens Retirement sugar and caffeine. Sample Impromptu Speech Template Free In Pdf,? When I did write, it was in my nightshirt, torn bathrobe, or baggy Bermudas. But when I followed Lynn’s example and Stevens Retirement | Above The Law prepared for my writing session with real clothes—and earrings, and even a little makeup—I felt transformed. I strode to my desk with zeal and Speech Template - 7+ Free Word determination, ready for professional production. The writing went easier and the editing quicker. New ideas surged more freely, and I felt in command. Beneath all these advantages, there’s a more profound aspect to getting dressed to write.
It goes to the heart of our creative process and sense of deservingness and is embodied in a metaphoric New Testament verse: “Be dressed for 9 Quotes You - Isqft action and have your lamps lit” (Luke 12:35). In addition to its literal meaning, “Be dressed for action” tells you to make yourself ready to act on and from: your inspiration, your discipline, the ideas that have been brewing in your subconscious, your inner direction. And keeping your lamps lit? A more graphic metaphor for readiness in Sample Template - 7+ In Pdf,, all ways. We know when our lamps aren’t lit. Our dark inner tormentors keep telling us we have no time to write, we have to “catch up” with everything else first, a few minutes of writing will do nothing for us . . . . But when you keep your lamps lit, you.
keep your mind on the light instead of the dark, keep your inner light focused on your goals and projects, and keep alive the light of confidence and Training Form Questions | Resume Outline For Trades positive anticipation. So, be ready for action and Speech Free In Pdf, have your lamps lit. 9 Quotes On Construction To Inspire? Plan what you’re going to work on Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word the next session. Set out your materials for immediate action, like the runner with his socks. Get dressed for your job. When we “act as if” we’re professional writers, the actuality follows. Now, please excuse me. It’s time to 9 Quotes On Construction To Inspire You - Isqft, go work on my book, and I must get out of my tattered t-shirt and go put my earrings on.
Other writing/publishing articles links for you: 8 thoughts on “ Want to Be a Writer? It’s Time to Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word, Act Like a Writer ” The entire college admission process can be exhausting and nerve-racking but there are few things worse than writing the personal statement for Joint Agreement Doc Example college applications. See more personal statement dental school. Good Article. Your words and tips build confidence and raise my pride in Speech Documents In Pdf,, my efforts. Thank you so much. Relief floods me as I read this article tonight.
Since the Training Evaluation Questions Outline For Trades, end of May, a strong pull from the dark side has plague me. Documents In Pdf,? Now I know what’s wrong, new beginnings tomorrow. WOW! Great article. I believed that being a writer was the perfect job! I mean where else can you make a living in your pajamas, right? Until I began to practice this and found that not only was I not “being” a writer, but it was not a job either. I sit in front of my laptop at my “desk”, in my PJs and spend more time weeding out emails and updating facebook.
Hours spent not writing a thing. Then life calls and, BAM! It’s 11:00 at night and the sandman is paying me a visit. I also attend college online and I find that when I am dressed, I tend to do more classwork than when I’m uber casual. Grant? I will try this (as I too sit here in Sample Impromptu Free, my PJs writing this comment) and see where I end up. Oh, and BTW, I’ve been doing the “writing” thing in my PJs for about five years now and have approximately 12 novels started and nothing but a few tech articles published. Maybe if I “dress for success” and keep my lamps lit, those 12 novels will get finished and published with more to follow. Thanks Brian for the inspiration! With regard to Opportunities, writing fiction, I couldn’t agree less. For non-fiction, yes – dress up and treat it like an office job.
But to Sample Impromptu Template Free In Pdf, Word, write fiction, I can’t be in that space – it stifles my creativity. Microsoft | Resume Name? I have to get away from that rational, organised, goal-focussed mindset and open the doors to my subconscious to let the stories and the characters flow out. Editing, now, that’s another issue (and one I’m struggling with at the moment). I might try getting dressed up for that, and see if it improves my productivity! For me, it’s not a matter of what I wear while I write, but where I write. I wrote the first draft for my YA novel (yet to - 7+ Free Word, be published) sitting on Training Evaluation Questions | Resume For Trades my bed in my PJs every night after a ten-hour shift at work. It took me eighteen months. Everyone’s situation is different. I retired from Impromptu Template, work on John Letter | Above The Law medical grounds and live in one room at Sample Speech In Pdf,, the back of my daughter and son-in-law’s house.
I’m very grateful to have a roof over my head, but it is noisy. Their TV goes on at 6:30 in the morning and doesn’t go off until midnight or later. I find myself sitting and Of A Receipt waiting for an interruption that I know will come rather than getting into it. I’d go somewhere else to write – library or cafe – but being mobility impaired makes that difficult. Track pants and t-shirt in summer, or track pants and jumper in winter. I dress for comfort not style. Don’t have much interest in getting dressed up — don’t really see the need. Terrific article, thank you.
Took the time to cut, paste, and Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free Documents print! Thank you for the article. I am new to writing. I used to think that writing in my most comfortable clothes or on my bed was a good idea but I was not getting anywhere. I will use the advice you have mentioned here.
Hope I may be able to write some good stories.
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Essay – Medea in Apollonius Rhodius and Euripides. How and Impromptu Speech Template Free Documents Word why does the characterisation of - Medical Sales Pharmaceutical Jobs Medea in Apollonius Rhodius draw on the characterisation of the Euripidean Medea. The Argonautica is the only surviving Hellenistic epic and extant work of Apollonius Rhodius. Unfortunately little is known about Sample Speech Documents In Pdf, Word, Apollonius’ life, or how he viewed his work, as few extant materials refer to him. Argonautica was written in the third century B.C. and broke from the Hellenistic tradition for short literary works. The epic draws upon a long literary and mythological tradition that included Euripides’ Medea . Within scholarship the plays of Euripides are widely considered to be a forerunner of Healthcarereps.com - Medical Pharmaceutical Jobs Hellenistic works. In Argonautica this is Speech Template - 7+ Documents Word, particularly clear through the allusions Apollonius draws with his characterisation of Training Evaluation For Trades Medea. Free Word? Medea was a popular mythological subject and appeared in many other works such as those of Pindar and Apollodorus. These works are important in 9 Quotes On Construction You -, respect of the mythological traditions of Medea as they add to the understanding of the development of the myth.
However, the focus of this essay will be upon the representations of Medea within Argonautica and Medea and how and why Apollonius draws upon Impromptu Template Free In Pdf, Euripides’ characterisation. The mythology of Medea is very complex due to varying literary traditions. Euripides’ Medea is a particularly well known version of the myth; therefore, the name Medea in the minds of many brings forth his image of a passionate, angry and strong-willed woman. In mythology Medea was not always the woman who murdered her children, as depicted by Euripides. One variation of the myth tells how Medea may have killed her children by accident. Another how the people of Corinth murdered them as an act of revenge for the murder of their princess. - Medical Sales Pharmaceutical? Apollonius, instead of using either of these versions of the myth, chose to foreshadow his Argonautica with the events of Euripides’ Medea . However, there are indications Apollonius drew upon other literary influences such as Nausicaa from Homer’s Odyssey . It will be necessary to briefly consider such influences in order to - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word, assess the extent to 9 Quotes Isqft, which they embed themselves within Apollonius’ characterisation of Sample Impromptu Template Documents In Pdf, Word Medea. Scholarship has taken a keen interest in the representation of Apollonius’ Medea. In particular Hunter considers Medea’s ‘ suffering for love ’ in one section of Receipt Venture his work and the intertext between Apollonius and Euripides. On the other hand, Pavlock considers Medea’s passion to be dangerous and Sample Impromptu Free Word uncontrollable.
These viewpoints, amongst others, will be given due consideration. Medea is a defining mythological figure and as such it is important to understand how and why Apollonius draws upon Euripides. Therefore, this essay will demonstrate that Apollonius, in order to foreshadow his epic, draws upon the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea. This is undertaken through Medea’s rhetorical skills, assistance to Jason and passion whilst also making specific reference to certain images. Furthermore, notwithstanding other influences from epic, it will also be shown that Apollonius uses this characterisation to explore the reactions of the | Resume Name Alexandrian audience to the increased personal freedom of women and - 7+ Documents Word the psychology of passion. The Medea’s of Euripides and Apollonius. One of the primary considerations of how Apollonius foreshadows and draws upon the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea is through her rhetorical ability.
Apollonius’ Medea is at first quiet in Jason’s presence having been ‘seized by speechless stupor’ due to the arrow of Eros. However, from this point the character develops a rhetorical skill attuned to that of Euripides’ Medea. Receipt Joint Venture Doc Example? The dispute between Jason and Medea, following her discovery of the secret negotiations with the Colchian fleet, recalls the couple’s first argument within Euripides’ Medea . In each instance Medea delivers a carefully constructed speech which denounces Jason’s behaviour. Euripides’ Medea commences her speech focusing on the wrongs Jason has committed. Medea then recounts her sacrifices, recalls the oath Jason broke and ends her speech considering what she is to do, calling upon the gods.
Apollonius’ Medea starts by questioning what Jason has planned for her. She then reminds him of his oath, her sacrifices and Sample Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Documents proceeding to | Foothills United, consider what will become of her she calls upon the gods. The chastisement of Jason by Medea evokes and rewrites her agon in Impromptu - 7+ Free, Medea . It is particularly noteworthy that Medea’s speech written by Resume Apollonius follows a similar pattern to Euripides’, one an audience familiar with Medea would recognise. This argument can be considered further through the supplications of Medea in both works. Each of these is intended to Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, ensure Medea’s self-preservation; Circe cleanses her blood guilt, Creon stays her exile and Arete and Aegeus provide protection from Evaluation Form Questions | Resume Outline For Trades her enemies.
Apollonius appears to Template Documents, have drawn on Euripides’ characterisation of Medea as a survivor, able to use her rhetorical skill in Microsoft Office Resume | Resume, order to Sample Impromptu Speech Template Documents, secure what she requires. This is drawn out Of A Agreement Doc Example, through the language and actions of Medea’s supplications. Each instance is Sample, undertaken on her knees putting herself in the appropriate position of respect to the person hearing her request. Furthermore, the language used on For Trades, each occasion is comparable, ‘Show kindness to me!…Take pity on me…May the immortals grant you both a life of fulfilment…children, and the glory of an unravaged city’ Medea declares to Arete. Likewise to Aegeus she states ‘have pity on an unfortunate woman…do not allow me to be cast into exile…may your longing for children be brought to fulfilment…and may you yourself die happy!’. Sample Impromptu Documents In Pdf,? Though Medea does not ask Creon for pity the Sample Receipt Agreement approach used in Impromptu Template - 7+ Free Documents, supplicating him is similar: Have no fear…I am not the kind of On Construction To Inspire Isqft person to Speech Template - 7+ In Pdf, Word, commit crimes against my rulers…And now I do not begrudge you prosperity.
Make your marriage…and may good fortune attend you. The Medea of Apollonius like Euripides understands well the | Resume Name process and requirements of supplication and uses it to her advantage. Impromptu Template - 7+ Documents? Medea’s rhetorical skill in Argonautica and desire for self-preservation are the ‘hallmarks of Euripides’ heroine’. Furthermore the specifics of the language used and United Way description of the Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word supplications within Argonautica parallel that of Euripides’ Medea . This desire for self-preservation becomes very apparent during Medea’s supplication of Jason at the beginning of Argonautica book four. Training Questions | Resume Outline? Medea transforms from a woman in distress to a plotter of her brother’s murder, scenes reminiscent of the Sample Speech Template Free ruthless and determined woman who commits infanticide in Euripides’ Medea . Medea’s act of infanticide is motivated by anger induced by Jason’s betrayal. It is this allusion Apollonius draws upon to prepare the audience for the murder of 9 Quotes On Construction You - Apsyrtos.
The murder is attributed to Medea in Euripides’ Medea . However, in Argonautica Jason is the Sample Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf, murderer with Medea’s role greatly reduced to co-conspirator; Medea requires purification as she is not free from guilt. Training Form Questions | Resume Outline For Trades? Apollonius’ use of ????????? (by or at Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free Word, the hearth) for John Paul Letter | Above the location of Circe’s purification of Jason and Medea is similar to the phraseology of Euripides. During Jason’s recollection of the Speech Template Free Word murder in Medea he describes the location as ‘at the hearth’.Though Medea takes place sometime after Argonautica , through Apollonius’ use of language he foreshadows situations which will occur in the future. The ability to devise brilliant and destructive schemes is an Training Evaluation Form Questions intricate part of Impromptu Template Documents Medea’s character in Office Resume | Resume Name, both representations. Medea’s name means ‘The Planner’ and this skill is a consistent theme throughout Argonautica and Medea . Medea’s planning secures Jason’s victory in the trials set by Aietes (her father), enables the murder of Speech Template - 7+ Free Documents her brother and removal of Pelias from the throne of Iolcus.
Without Medea’s aid Jason’s story would have ended as it was thought by the Argonauts that Aietes first trial was unachievable. The potion provided by Apollonius’ Medea to Jason protects him during the trial and it is she who lulls the dragon to sleep so that he may seize the fleece. These actions foreshadow Euripides’ Medea who declares to Jason that it was she who saved him from death on two occasions, the trial of the fire-breathing bulls and the dragon. Microsoft | Resume? Apollonius’ decision to have Jason commit the Sample Speech Free murder places the focus on Medea’s ingenuity and cunning instead of the act itself. There are subtle differences between the works such as Euripides’ declaration that Medea killed the dragon whereas Apollonius spares its life. Though this difference exists it is clear that Apollonius was heavily influenced by Microsoft Resume Name the elements of Euripides’ story that focus on the aid provided by Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word Medea. It has been suggested that, at such an early stage, Apollonius wanted to ensure that Medea remained free of Evaluation Outline For Trades violence. However, this difference was likely intended to Sample Impromptu Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word, develop Medea’s character as, within a short time, she begins to reveal her darker side. Medea declares that Jason should not break his oath or, ‘May my Furies drive you straight from your homeland, because of Isqft what I have suffered through your heartlessness. What I say the gods will not leave unaccomplished’.
The language is reminiscent of the curses Medea calls upon Jason in Medea . Comparison can also be drawn with the references to Jason as the ‘vilest of knaves’, an Impromptu Speech Template Free In Pdf, Word enemy of the gods and an oath breaker in Medea , descriptions similarly reflected in Argonautica . Apollonius describes Medea as ‘seething with grim anger’ believing that she is at risk of abandonment and John Paul Letter | Above requires placating by Jason. Arguably, the Template Free anger of Medea prepares the audience for the murder of her brother that follows shortly. Opportunities | Foothills United Way? Medea’s anger can be compared to Impromptu Speech - 7+ In Pdf, Word, Aietes’ when he discovers Jason’s intention to claim the Golden Fleece. Training Outline For Trades? Medea becomes her father’s daughter and although the murder of Apsyrtos is shocking it is the climax of the Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, sacrifices that led to it. Medea’s anger in both works in Healthcarereps.com Pharmaceutical Jobs, part results from her sacrifices in order to aid Jason.
Medea betrayed her family and homeland to Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free Word, runaway with a foreigner who she assists in murdering her brother. Grant Opportunities Way? The sacrifices are a key feature in Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word, Apollonius’ characterisation of Medea and there are clear indications that they are drawn from Euripides’ representation. Medea sacrificed much out of love for Jason. However, the love was not romantic but instead fiery passion influenced by the gods. The passion induced by Eros is a destructive force that foreshadows the events that take place in Medea . Sales Sales? Apollonius describes how Eros’ arrow ‘burned deep in the girl’s heart like a flame’ arousing in Medea a passion for Jason. Comparison can be drawn with the description provided by Euripides of Medea being ‘smitten with love for Jason’. Impromptu Free Documents In Pdf,? The shooting is described by Apollonius in violent terms, Eros ‘fitted the arrow-notch to the bowstring…and shot straight at Medea…the destructive love which crouched unobserved and burnt in Medea’s heart’. This echoes the comments of Euripides’ chorus who declare that they never want the arrow of desire to ‘fly against my heart’ or for Aphrodite to Grant | Foothills Way, ‘madden my heart with love for a stranger’s bed’. Medea initially under Eros’ influence is very different to Euripides’ characterisation. She is a ‘young, vulnerable girl overwhelmed by Impromptu Template Free In Pdf, love for Jason’.
This indicates that Euripides is not the Healthcarereps.com Sales Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs only influence upon Apollonius. There are allusions to Homer and during book three of Argonautica it is suggested Apollonius continuously recalls the Phaeacian episode of Odyssey whilst still reminding his audience of Medea . The potential relationship of Odysseus and Nausicaa has been contrasted with the past and future of Jason and Medea. There is a virgin princess who is ready for marriage but Jason like Odysseus will not stay to marry, though he will take Medea with him unlike Odysseus. Furthermore the scene where Medea leaves to meet Jason at Hecate’s temple is considered to imitate Odyssey book six.
However, Nausicaa unlike Medea would not ‘betray her own sense of shame, or her family [and] never hesitates to speak freely with Odysseus’. The Nausicaa story is inverted by Apollonius and although there is some influence upon Sample - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word the characterisation of Medea the primary influence is Medea . Apollonius continuously returns to allusions of Jason and Medea’s future. Jason declares ‘may Olympian Zeus himself…witness my oath that I shall make you my lawful wedded wife’. Apollonius uses this line to anticipate Medea’s appeal to the gods in Medea . The nurse recounts how Medea, ‘invokes the mighty assurance of his sworn right hand, and calls the gods to witness the unjust return she is getting’. In turn the John Paul | Above oath in Medea becomes an appeal to the oath in Sample Free Documents In Pdf, Word, Argonautica . Furthermore, though Athena influences Nausicaa by enhancing Odysseus’ appearance she does not experience the same destructive power of love brought upon Medea by Eros. This is best attested through Medea’s violent state of mind in Argonautica where, ‘she longed to set fire to the ship, to destroy everything…and throw herself into the…flames’. Of A Receipt Joint Agreement Doc Example? This foreshadows Medea’s consideration as to whether she should set fire to Jason and Template - 7+ Glauce’s bridal chamber but also the immolation of Glauce and Creon through the Healthcarereps.com - Medical Jobs, Pharmaceutical Jobs wedding gift.
In both Argonautica and Medea love is described in terms of a powerful force which has overcome Medea. Love is described by Euripides as a ‘bane’ and Medea herself as possessing a ‘love-maddened heart’ and Sample Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word having shown ‘more love than sense’. This language brings to mind Apollonius’ description of Medea as having ‘bitter-pain in her heart’ and suffering ‘distress’. Apollonius’ use of language and imagery is very Euripidean. It does not only foreshadow the events of Medea but also creates links between the characterisations. The use of clothing as part of Medea and Jason’s plot to Microsoft Resume | Resume Name, murder Apsyrtos in Argonautica has drawn keen scholarly interest. Apollonius’ description of the deception used to lure Apsyrtos to his death is the same as that used by Euripides’ Medea to destroy Glauce. This similarity is Sample Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf, Word, believed to be a long held recognition by Name Hunter but can also be considered more broadly within the wider context of Argonautica . Clothing has been identified as an important theme throughout as it draws the audience to Sample Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, Word, consider past or future events either within or outside the epic.
The description of Grant Opportunities | Foothills United Way Medea’s dress bathed in moonlight following the capture of the fleece appears as though it were a wedding dress. This can be considered further as the imagery takes on a frightening aspect foreshadowing the events of Medea’s nuptial clothing gift to Glauce. Template - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word? Comparison can also be drawn between Jason’s celebration at having captured the fleece and 9 Quotes You - the future death of Glauce. When Jason raises the Sample Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, fleece he is described in terms of a young girl who ‘catches in her fine dress the gleam of the full moon…her heart is delighted at the sight of the lovely radiance’. This simile whilst emasculating Jason for having won the fleece without risk to Training | Resume Outline, himself also brings to mind the image of Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Glauce putting on Medea’s deadly wedding gift. Glauce is Microsoft Office | Resume Name, described as ‘arranging her hair in a bright mirror, smiling… [parading] about the room…entranced with the gifts’.
The parallels between the images cannot be ignored. It is Sample Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Word, clear that Apollonius has seized upon a key incident in Euripides’ tragedy and provided ample connections that foreshadow the future death and destruction that Medea will bring to Corinth. Why Euripides’ Medea ? In the years that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. the Macedonian Empire broke into Paul Stevens | Above The Law, separate kingdoms ruled by his successors. During this period life for Apollonius’ Hellenistic audience changed for various reasons such as increased migration. It became more socially acceptable for a woman to Speech Template Word, be educated and to enjoy a public role. Training Evaluation Form Questions | Resume? Though personal freedom increased there were still limitations on what a woman could do. However, within the kingdoms life for women would have varied considerably depending on where they lived and their political class. Apollonius within Argonautica uses aspects of Template Free Medea’s characterisation as a mirror for Retirement Letter | Above the societal changes in Alexandria. Medea was first performed in Athens in the fifth century B.C.
During this period work and the influence of public opinion would have predominantly kept Athenian women at home. Though some women’s work would have been within the public sphere those who remained at home would have had little freedom. At the beginning of the play, Medea has been fulfilling the role of an Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ In Pdf, Word Athenian wife, remaining at home looking after it and the children. The majority of evidence of the lives of Greek women comes from Athens. However, it is important to Microsoft Office Resume, be cautious when drawing conclusions on Sample - 7+ In Pdf,, the lives of women in wider Greek society due to Grant | Foothills, the differing natures of each city state. In Medea the idealistic societal structure of Documents Word Athens is Microsoft Office Resume Name, broken down by Medea’s emergence from the Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ In Pdf, home and her challenges towards her former husband in public. This can be compared with societal changes in Grant | Foothills, Alexandria as women began to enjoy an increased freedom of movement, particularly in Sample - 7+ Free In Pdf,, comparison to Athens. Medea is an ideal figure to represent such changes in society, achieved through the portrayal of her enjoying the - Medical Sales freedom to Speech Template - 7+ In Pdf, Word, move around her country unrestricted. Apollonius’ portrait is realistic as although Medea has freedom she is required to have her handmaids accompany her; though under her instruction they leave her to Isqft, speak with Jason alone.
However, it must be noted that there is still a dependency on Aietes and subsequently Jason. Template - 7+ Word? It might be argued that the level of Sample Agreement Doc Example dependency is Impromptu Speech Template Word, variable throughout Argonautica ; for example in Of A Receipt Joint Agreement, respect of Sample - 7+ In Pdf, her marriage. Medea takes control of some of Evaluation Form Questions her own affairs within Argonautica such as her agreement to marry Jason and contracting her own marriage. Marriage for Sample Impromptu Documents In Pdf, Word Greeks within Alexandria would have required the permission of the brides’ father or guardian. Both Jason and Alkinoos are thought to act as Medea’s guardians. The former as Medea declares herself his daughter, sister and wife.
The latter as he presides over the decision whether or not to return Medea to her father. Neither can actually be considered to Microsoft Office Resume Name, have fulfilled the Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, role of guardian as Jason is Medea’s future husband and Alkinoos is not present at the wedding. John Stevens | Above? Therefore, the agreement to marry is without her father’s consent and the marriage occurs without a guardian present. Sample - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf,? Furthermore, the Golden Fleece is considered to represent Medea’s dowry. Medea secured the fleece for Grant Opportunities | Foothills United Way Jason and Speech Documents In Pdf, Word as such can be viewed as having paid her own dowry. The union of Medea and Jason is not representative of an Venture Agreement Alexandrian marriage. Greek women, except royalty, were required to Impromptu Documents, use an | Foothills Way intermediary or guardian for legal and monetary transactions.
However, women using the Egyptian or Jewish legal systems could undertake such transactions themselves. There is some papyrus evidence in existence that suggests women were able to undertake private contractual matters in Sample Impromptu - 7+ In Pdf,, respect of property and their marriage. The first example is Olympias who contracts her own marriage with her father as legal representative. Healthcarereps.com Sales Pharmaceutical Sales Jobs? Another document states that Heraclides took Demetria ‘from her father’ but the contract is indicative that the couple entered into the agreement together. The contract informs Demetria how she would resolve a breach of contract should she need to. Even though documents such as this exist it cannot be taken that women undertook contractual matters regularly. Apollonius’ portrayal of Medea indicates a changing attitude towards women and an ‘audience coming to terms with women’s power and privilege’. The influence of wealthy and Impromptu Speech Template Documents royal women could be attributed to the development of this class of Alexandrian women. It was particularly important for the privileged of Alexandrian society to be highly educated. Arguably the construction of the great library of Alexandria in the third century demonstrates this desire.
Apollonius was well-educated as demonstrated through his extensive use of mythological and geographical understanding within Argonautica . Apollonius assumes his Alexandrian audience would have been aware of the mythological traditions of Medea and Jason and the story told by Euripides. Given the importance placed upon knowledge by Evaluation Questions Alexandrian society this assumption is plausible. Medea is described as speechless in Jason’s presence in Impromptu Documents In Pdf,, the first scene within Aietes palace. However, Medea’s character develops during book three of Opportunities | Foothills Way Argonautica and she begins to speak freely, challenging Jason and in subsequent scenes the Argonauts.
Though there is Sample Impromptu - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf,, no reference to United, her education by - 7+ either Euripides or Apollonius the language used by Medea shows her intellect in Training | Resume, both works. There is evidence to suggest greater access to education for women during the Sample Speech Documents Hellenistic period. The existence of prominent educated women such as Hipparchia a philosopher and Erinna a poetess provide some evidence to support this. Furthermore, epigraphic evidence exists such as the gravestone of a woman from Sardis that states ‘The book shows you were wise’ suggesting she would have been educated. This does not necessarily indicate that all women had access to education but instead implies that educated women were present within Hellenistic society. In some respects society became less restrictive including travel, certain contractual matters and education, but others remained such as the holding of public office. Though there is - Medical Sales Sales, evidence of one wealthy woman having held a magisterial position true equality was not possible and as such this cannot be considered to have been common. Apollonius’ draws upon the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea the strong-willed woman and devises her story for the developing Alexandrian audience. Medea was refashioned for his Argonautica whilst retaining the abilities of Impromptu Template skilled rhetorician, thinker and Sales Jobs, Pharmaceutical Sales planner that would have been recognised by his audience. Arguably Apollonius challenged the perspective of women in Alexandrian society through Medea.
Medea’s first appearance in Argonautica as a love-struck young girl unable to speak to Jason is unrecognisable to the representation of Euripides. Apollonius’ Medea appears more a woman overwhelmed by her first feelings of love. The portrayal of Eros shooting Medea has led to the suggestion of her as a victim of violence. On the other hand, the Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Free Documents scene can be viewed ironically as the sorceress becomes subject to a spell. Instead of the powerful sorceress Medea is the victim of magic with her prayer to Hecate an attempt to On Construction To Inspire, process her feelings. It has been suggested that Apollonius constructed Argonautica as a prequel to Medea . Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ In Pdf, Word? The evidence of Medea’s rhetorical skill, assistance to Jason and involvement in Apsyrtos’ murder would certainly support such an argument. The divergence from Euripides arguably exists to enable Medea’s character to develop.
Apollonius, in Evaluation Form Questions | Resume, Argonautica , draws upon the complex array of emotions in Medea providing background to the feelings, setting their roots in Impromptu Template - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, Medea’s past. The character development of Medea throughout Argonautica books three and four indicates a progression towards her Corinthian counterpart. The psychology of love and passion explored by Apollonius is an important part of Medea’s characterisation that requires particular consideration. The development of Medea’s passion for Jason is undertaken through a dream during which she convinces herself that Jason has come to Colchis in order to marry her. The dream ‘represents an important stage in the awakening of her passion’. Arguably it bridges the gap between the | Foothills United Way naivety experienced during her first sighting of Jason and Impromptu Speech Free Documents Word strength at their subsequent meeting at Hecate’s temple. Through the course of the Microsoft Office Resume meeting the love-struck Medea soon gives way to Sample Speech Free In Pdf,, the more familiar characterisation of Euripides. Scholarship has widely recognised that Apollonius’ Medea’s passion becomes extremely dangerous. Grant Opportunities | Foothills Way? Pavlock suggests that Apollonius’ association of women with the disruption of social norms and the community is his attempt to reinforce ‘traditional views about excessive passion of the female’. Sample Impromptu Template - 7+ Documents Word? This is certainly an interesting consideration as the destructive nature of infatuation is widely explored in Athenian drama.
Apollonius, through associating excessive passion with Medea, also draws upon imagery from other plays. Opportunities United Way? In Euripides’ Trojan Women and Hippolytus Helen and Phaedra’s passions have brought about death and destruction. The argument is noteworthy as Medea, like Helen, leaves with a man she barely knew and, like Phaedra, her actions result in death. Sample Speech Template Documents Word? Therefore, Argonautica could be interpreted as Apollonius commenting upon the negative effects of Of A Joint Venture excess passion. Medea’s threat to Jason that she will haunt him as a Fury has been considered to border on madness and foreshadow the violence of the future. However, although it does foreshadow Medea’s violent future, arguably it is Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents, not madness as she is a frightened woman, grasping at Office Resume | Resume, reasons for Jason to Sample Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word, not return her to her father who will punish her. Training Evaluation Outline For Trades? There are indications that Apollonius explored the psychology of Sample Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Free In Pdf, women driven by passion with a Euripidean-like sympathy. Euripides’ Phaedra analyses her passion for Hippolytus going through the possible options to master it; concealment, self-control and death. Training Evaluation Form Questions? Furthermore, Artemis’ declaration that Aphrodite is to blame redeems Phaedra. Likewise, in Euripides’ Helen , it is revealed that Helen would not have left with Paris and was brought to Egypt to protect her chastity.
Apollonius adopts a similar analytical approach to Medea, focusing in particular on her psychology whilst also ensuring that she is portrayed in a realistic way. Even though Medea is under Eros’ spell Apollonius explores the realism of her passion and developing awareness of what is affecting her. The realism can be seen through Medea’s natural response to the sunrise but also her shame at falling in Documents Word, love with a foreign stranger and betraying her family and country. The sense of shame bound Greek women to follow their fathers’ instructions. Shame culture was passed down through the ages and Argonautica appears as a piece of social commentary upon the culture within Alexandrian society. Within Medea’s monologue she explores her desire but also her cognitive dissonance. The sense of shame that love has brought Medea leads her to consider suicide. Though Medea realises suicide will not release her as she believes she would be mocked anyway; a belief reminiscent of Euripides’ Medea. Instead of portraying Medea’s passion as being disruptive Apollonius’ analysis focuses upon her emotions and decisions. When Jason and Medea first meet the audience know what is to come but at Resume Name, the same time it does not know. The audience are aware that Medea will provide assistance to Jason and leave with him but they are also presented with her decision making process.
Arguably, Apollonius used Medea to examine the psychology of passion. The division in Medea’s personality between naivety and Free Word powerful sorceress might be seen as Apollonius’ attempt to explain the future murder of her children. Alternatively Apollonius’ Medea could be looked upon | Foothills as a sympathetic development of her characterisation akin to Euripides. Apollonius explores the emotions of love, passion and shame presenting a more realistic portrayal of Medea’s past as a prequel to Euripides’ Medea . It has become apparent that Apollonius draws upon the characterisation of the Euripidean Medea in order to foreshadow the events of Medea . Furthermore, Argonautica is devised as a prequel to Euripides’ Medea through language, imagery and action. There are indications of other influences upon Medea’s characterisation from tragedy and epic but the primary focus is Sample Impromptu Speech Template - 7+, Medea . Apollonius’ characterisation of Medea is not limited to how it draws upon her but also why. Argonautica explores the finite increase in freedom for Alexandrian women and also the psychology of passion. There are constraints on the interpretation of Apollonius’ intentions due to the lack of information about him. However, despite such limitations it is possible to draw out the following conclusions. There is a progressive development in Apollonius’ characterisation of Medea that slowly forms into her Euripidean counterpart. This is achieved by drawing upon key aspects of the character created by Grant United Way Euripides, namely Medea’s rhetorical ability and her love of Jason. There are echoes of Euripides’ Medea’s ‘fierce nature’ in Impromptu Speech Template In Pdf,, Apollonius’ description of Opportunities | Foothills Way his Medea who seethes ‘with grim anger’.
These aspects are interwoven with the imagery used by Apollonius that allude and foreshadow instances within Medea such as the Impromptu Template Documents gift of clothing presented to Apsyrtos echoing the future gift to Glauce. Apollonius explores the psychology of Medea through the representation of her being passionately and uncontrollably in Training Outline, love. Sample Template - 7+ Word? It has been argued that Apollonius is commenting on the dangers of such passion. However, it is apparent that his treatment of this subject is sensitive. Medea is shamed by her feelings and behaviour towards Jason to the point of wanting to commit suicide. Medea’s passion though uncontrollable (due to the influence of the gods) is Microsoft Office Resume | Resume Name, explored in Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, detail by Apollonius through her thought processes.
Though also considered by Euripides the - Medical Jobs treatment is brief due to the limitations of Sample Speech - 7+ a 1418 line play. On Construction Isqft? Apollonius used the length and breadth of an epic to provide a more detailed analysis of Medea and her actions, presenting a relatively realistic image and Sample Speech Template Free Word prequel to the Alexandrian audience. Society developed during the Paul Retirement The Law Hellenistic period and women enjoyed a limited increase in freedom. Euripides’ Medea, as a strong woman, provided a basis for the exploration of such freedom. Though no reference is made to Medea having had any formal education both characterisations appear educated and confident in their interactions with men. Evidence would suggest that, in this period, there was an increase in the education of Sample Impromptu Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, women and as such Apollonius took the opportunity to represent this. Apollonius, like many modern day readers, saw something important within Medea and that is Medea herself. The fire, passion and strength immortalised by Euripides; Medea is the perfect figure for 9 Quotes On Construction Isqft epic. Argonautica and Medea are exceptional and important works. The former as it is the only surviving Hellenistic epic and the latter as the only extant Athenian drama that deals with the Argonautic cycle. Within the myth of Medea, modern audiences find both a gripping narrative and complexity of the character development.
It is considered by Griffiths that ‘in facing the Template complexities of Medea’s identity we face the Of A Doc Example complexities of our own’. Apollonius brought this challenge to the Alexandrian audience through his complex portrayal of Euripides’ Medea. Apollodorus Library – Apollodorus – The Library Loeb Classical Library, Translated by Frazer, J. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1921. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0022 [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica – Jason and the Golden Fleece Translated by Hunter, R. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. Aristophanes Lysistrata – Lysistrata and Sample Impromptu Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word Other Plays (Revised ed), Translated by Sommerstein, A. London: Penguin Books, 2002. Diogenes Laertius Lives of Eminent Philosophers Loeb Classical Library Vol. 2, Translated by Hicks, R. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925.
Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0258%3Abook%3D1%3Achapter%3Dprologue [Accessed: 10 January 2015]. Euripides Helen – The Complete Greek Drama Vol.2 , Translated by Retirement Letter | Above The Law Coleridge, E. Oates, W. and O’Neil, E. (Eds), New York: Random House, 1938. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0100 [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Euripides Hippolytus – Euripides Loeb Classical Library Vol. 2, Translated by Kovacs, D. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0106 [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Euripides Medea – Euripides Loeb Classical Library Vol. 1, Translated by Kovacs, D. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0114 [Accessed: 28 December 2014].
Euripides Trojan Women – The Plays of Euripides Vol. 1 , Translated by Coleridge, E. London: George Bell and Sons, 1891. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0124%3Acard%3D1 [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Homer Odyssey Translated by Murray, A. Template Free Word? Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1919. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0136 [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Pausanias Description of Healthcarereps.com - Medical Sales Jobs Greece – Loeb Classical Library Vol. 1, Translated by Jones, W. and Ormerod, H. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0160 [Accessed: 4 January 2015]. Pindar Pythian 4 Translated by Willett, S. 2001. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0223 [Accessed: 1 January 2015]. Scholia Medea – Hypotheses and Sample Free Documents Word Selected Scholia to | Foothills, Euripides’ Medea Translated by Luschnig, C. 1999.
Diotima http://www.stoa.org/diotima/anthology/medeahyposcholia.shtml [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Blundell, S. Women in Sample Speech Free Documents In Pdf, Word, Ancient Greece Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995. Boedeker, D. ‘Euripides’ Medea and the Vanity of ?????’ Classical Philology , Vol. 86, No. 2, April, 1991, pp.
95-112. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/270231 [Accessed: 1 January 2015]. Bremer, J. ‘Full Moon and Marriage in | Foothills, Apollonius’ Argonautica’ Classical Quarterly , Vol. 37, No. 2, 1987, pp. 423-426. Template - 7+ Free Documents In Pdf,? Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/638839 [Accessed: 30 December 2014]. Byre, C. ‘The Killing of Apsyrtus in Grant Opportunities United, Apollonius Rhodius’ “Argonautica”’ Phoenix , Vol. 50, No. 1, Spring, 1996, pp. 3-16.
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Clauss, J. ‘Conquest of the Mephistophelian Nausicaa: Medea’s Role in Apollonius’ Redefinition of the Epic Hero’, in Sample Of A Receipt Agreement, J. Clauss and S. Johnston (ed), Medea Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosphy and Art Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997. DeForest, M. Apollonius’ Argonautica: A Callimachean Epic Leiden: Brill, 1994. Dillon, S. ‘Case Study III: Hellenistic Tanagra Figurines’, in Sample - 7+ Free Word, S. Sample Receipt? James and S. Dillon (eds), A Companion to Women in the Ancient World Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2012, pp. 231-234. [e-book]. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015]. Dyck, A. ‘On the Way from Speech Template Documents In Pdf, Word Colchis to Corinth: Medea in Book 4 of the ‘Argonautica’’ Hermes , Vol. 117, No. 4, 1989, pp. Healthcarereps.com - Medical Jobs, Pharmaceutical? 455-470.
Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4476720 [Accessed: 7th December 2014]. Fantham, E., Foley, H., Kampen, N., Pomeroy, S and Alan Shapiro, H. Women in the Classical World Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. Fantuzzi, M. and Sample Template Free Documents In Pdf, Word Hunter, R. Tradition And Innovation In Hellenistic Poetry Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 31st December 2014]. Feeney, D. The Gods in Training Outline For Trades, Epic: Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. Foley, J. A Companion To Ancient Epic Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 3rd January 2015]. Fusillo, M. ‘Apollonius Rhodius as “Inventor” of the Interior Monologue’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. 127-146. [e-book]. Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Green, P. Hellenistic History And Culture Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Griffiths, E. Medea London: Routledge, 2006. Gutzwiller, K. A Guide to Hellenistic Literature Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 31st December 2014].
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Hunter, R. ‘The Poetics of Narrative in Impromptu Speech Template - 7+ Documents, the Argonautica’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), Brill’s Companion to Apollonius Rhodius (2 nd ed), Leiden: Brill, 2008, pp. 115-146. [e-book] Available at: http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/ [Accessed: 4th January 2015]. Hutchinson, G. Hellenistic Poetry Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Kenny, E. ‘“Est deus in nobis … “: Medea meets her Maker’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), Brill’s Companion to Apollonius Rhodius (2 nd ed), Leiden: Brill, 2008, pp. 363-386. [e-book] Available at: http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/ [Accessed: 4th January 2015]. Klooster, J. Poetry as Window and On Construction To Inspire Mirror Positing the - 7+ Word Poet in Hellenistic Poetry Leiden: Brill, 2011. Knight, V. ‘Apollonius, Argonautica 4.167-70 and Euripides’ Medea’ Classical Quarterly , Vol. 41, No. 1, 1991, pp.
248-250. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/639043 [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Lefkowitz, M. ‘Myth and History in the Biography of Apollonius’ in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. Healthcarereps.com Sales Jobs? 51-72. Free In Pdf, Word? [e-book]. Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Lefkowitz, M. Women in Greek Myth (2 nd ed) London: Duckworth, 2007. Levin, D. Apollonius’ Argonautica Re-examined Leiden: Brill, 1971. Luschnig, C. Granddaughter of the Sun Leiden: Brill, 2007. Meyer, D. ‘Apollonius as a Hellenistic Geographer’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. 217-236. [e-book].
Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Parca, M. ‘The Women of Evaluation | Resume Ptolemaic Egypt: The View from Papyrology’ in Sample Speech Template - 7+ Documents Word, S. Training Evaluation Form Outline For Trades? James and Sample Speech Free Documents In Pdf, Word S. Microsoft Resume? Dillon (eds), A Companion to Impromptu Speech Template Free Documents, Women in the Ancient World Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2012, pp.316-328. [e-book]. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015]. Pavlock, B. Eros, Imitation, and the Epic Tradition Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990. Pomeroy, S. Women in Hellenistic Egypt: From Alexander to Cleopatra New York: Schocken Books, 1984. [e-book] Available at: http://www.humanitiesebook.org/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015]. Pomeroy, S. Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves Women in Classical Antiquity (2 nd ed) London: Pimlico, 1994. Rose, A. Office Resume Name? ‘Clothing Imagery in Apollonius’s “Argonautika”’ Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica , Vol. 21, No. 3, 1985, pp. Sample Free Word? 29-44. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20538886 [Accessed: 30th December 2014].
Shipley, G. The Greek World After Alexander 323 – 30 BC London: Routledge, 2000. Thalmann, W. Microsoft Name? Apollonius of Rhodes and the Spaces of Hellenism Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. [e-book] Available at: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Walbank, F. Documents Word? The Hellenistic World Glasgow: Fontana Paperbacks, 1981.  Lefkowitz (2001:52) states what is known of Apollonius comes from two scholia about Argonautica , an entry in Suda and Healthcarereps.com - Medical Sales an entry on a damaged papyrus ( P.Oxy.1241) .  Gow and Sample Impromptu Speech Template Documents In Pdf, Page (1965:II.251) cited in Klooster (2011:151); Fraser (1972:I.599) cited in Klooster (2011:151); Klooster 2011:151.  Pindar Pythian 4 ; Apollodorus Library 3.13.
 Pausanias Description of Greece 2.3.10-1.  Apollonius 4.350-95; Euripides Medea 465-519.  Euripides Medea 465-519; Apollonius 4.350-95; Hunter, 1993:61; Hunter, 2008:142.  Euripides Medea 292-356, 709-19; Apollonius 4.690-748, 4.1000-28.  Euripides Medea 324, 710; Apollonius 4.695, 4.1029.  Euripides Medea 1040-64.
 Euripides Medea 166-7, 1334.  Apollonius 4.415-60, 4.557-62.  Apollonius 4.713; Knight, 1991:248.  Euripides Medea 475-90; Apollonius 4.358-68.  Apollonius 3.1025-62, 4.123-64.  Euripides Medea 465-8, 493-6.  Hunter, 1993:61; DeForest, 1994:129.  Apollonius 4.356-7; Euripides Medea 167, 483-4.
 Apollonius 3.870-86; Homer Odyssey 6.80-4.  Euripides Medea 379, 1185-95.  Euripides Medea 330, 434, 485.  Hunter, 1987:131; Knight, 1991:249-50; Hunter, 1993:61.  Euripides Medea 945-58; Apollonius 4.421-44.  Rose, 1985:29-44; Knight, 1991:249.  Euripides Medea 1159-66.  Fantham et al, 1994:140, 163-8; Pomeroy, 1994:120; Shipley, 2000:104-5.  Aristophanes Lysistrata 17-19, 880-1; Luschnig, 2007:7.
 Pomeroy, 1994:73, 79-80.  Fantham et al, 1994:69; Blundell, 1995:140.  Euripides Medea 214, 465-519.  Dillon (2012:231-2) references Hellenistic grave reliefs from Delos that document women who travelled widely.  Apollonius 4.92-8, 4.1128-69.  Apollonius 4.368-9, 1073-109; Byre, 1996:8-9.  Dyck, 1989:458; Luschnig, 2007:14.  Fantham et al, 1994:140.  P.Elephantine 1 translated by Pomeroy, 1984:86-7; Blundell, 1995:199.
 P.Giessen I . 2 translated by Rowlandson (1998) cited in Parca, 2012:324.  Walbank, 1981:176-7; Meyer, 2001:227-8; Thalmann, 2011:219.  Shipley, 2000:240; Apollonius 1.496-511 (Orpheus’ song of the cosmos); Apollonius 3.980-1007 (Ariadne and Opportunities | Foothills United Way Theseus); Apollonius 4.253-93 (Argus and the Pillars of Aea); Clare (2002:125) observes Apollonius attempted to construct a ‘geographically plausible’ return for the Argonauts.  Hunter (1989) cited in Clauss, 1993:9; Gutzwiller, 2007:79.  Diogenes Lives of Eminent Philosophers 6.7.96-7; St Jerome Chronicle 203.  Lefkowitz and Fant (1995) cited in Shipley, 2000:104.  Decree of Sample Impromptu Speech Free Priene translated by Grant United Burstein (1985:59) states Phile was the first female stephanephoros cited in Fantham et al, 1994:156.  Fantham et al, 1994:169.
 Nyberg (1992) cited in Griffiths, 2006:89.  Apollonius 3.467; Clare, 2002:242.  Feeney, 1991:65; Gutzwiller, 2007:79.  Levin, 1971:15; Feeney, 1991:64-5; Lefkowitz, 2007:179.  Euripides Trojan Women 914-1032; Euripides Hippolytus 887-91, 1161-72.  Apollonius 4.385-90; Pavlock, 1990:67.  Euripides Hippolytus 393-430.
 Euripides Hippolytus 1389-1439.  Apollonius 4.413, 1016-7, 1040; Feeney, 1991:80-4.